us cloud cover percentage

Splicing Clouds

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach So once again, I have donned my Don Quijote armor and continued my quest for a ~11-year sunspot-related solar signal in some surface weather dataset. My plan for the quest has been simple. It is based on the fact that all of the phenomena commonly credited with affecting the temperature,…

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Maunder and Dalton Sunspot Minima

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach In a recent interchange over at Joanne Nova’s always interesting blog, I’d said that the slow changes in the sun have little effect on temperature. Someone asked me, well, what about the cold temperatures during the Maunder and Dalton sunspot minima? And I thought … hey, what about them? I…

Sunspots and Sea Surface Temperature

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach I thought I was done with sunspots … but as the well-known climate scientist Michael Corleone once remarked, “Just when I thought I was out … they pull me back in”.  In this case Marcel Crok, the well-known Dutch climate writer, asked me if I’d seen the paper from Nir…

Well, Color Me Gobsmacked!

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach I’ve developed a curious kind of algorithm that I’ve humorously called “slow Fourier analysis”, but which might be better described as a method for direct spectral analysis. The basic concept is quite simple. I fit a sine wave with a certain cycle length, say 19 months, to the dataset of…

The Effect of Gleissberg’s “Secular Smoothing”

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach ABSTRACT: Slow Fourier Transform (SFT) periodograms reveal the strength of the cycles in the full sunspot dataset (n=314), in the sunspot cycle maxima data alone (n=28), and the sunspot cycle maxima after they have been “secularly smoothed” using the method of Gleissberg (n = 24). In all three datasets, there…

The Tip of the Gleissberg

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach A look at Gleissberg’s famous solar cycle reveals that it is constructed from some dubious signal analysis methods. This purported 80-year “Gleissberg cycle” in the sunspot numbers has excited much interest since Gleissberg’s original work. However, the claimed length of the cycle has varied widely.

Cosmic Rays, Sunspots, and Beryllium

Guest Post by Willis Eschenbach In investigations of the past history of cosmic rays, the deposition rates (flux rates) of the beryllium isotope 10Be are often used as a proxy for the amount of cosmic rays. This is because 10Be is produced, inter alia, by cosmic rays in the atmosphere. Being a congenitally inquisitive type…