Chinese virus: a pox on the experts #coronavirus

By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley

It’s déjà vu all over again, and, frankly, nostalgia ain’t what it used to be. On the climate question, the totalitarians told us we must believe, just believe the experts. As a hard-headed British engineer once defined it: “Expert: x, an unknown quantity; spurt, a drip under pressure.” On the Chinese virus, we are told the same.

Pity the governments that have had to attempt to take rational decisions on what to do about the Chinese virus when, as with climate change, the data are inadequate and incompetently kept, the world body nominally in charge is inept, corrupt and – to put it mildly – deferential to totalitarian regimes, and the soi-disant “experts” cannot agree among themselves.

In Britain, it does not help that the Prime Minister, on five occasions at the beginning of this year, failed to prioritize his time in such a way as to take the trouble to attend and chair the weekly intelligence meeting held in Cabinet Office Briefing Room A.

It is these meetings that are intended to be the gathering-place for information garnered by Britain’s various intelligence services around the world, under the aegis of the Prime Minister and the Chief of the Joint Intelligence Committee. Had Mr Johnson attended those meetings, he would perhaps have intervened to do something about the then-alarming daily case-growth rate at least a month earlier than he did.

As it was, he dithered until two weeks after Mr Trump – who was himself late in acting – declared a national emergency. The consequences are now becoming all too apparent. It is possible that Britain has now lost more of her citizens to the Chinese virus than any other country except the United States and China. We don’t know for sure, because a third of all British deaths arise outside hospitals and are thus ingeniously excluded from the Government’s daily counts, though the Office for National Statistics is now publishing a weekly parallel series giving the real numbers.

Among the truly half-witted advice given by the “experts” are three points that deserve urgent correction. Neil Ferguson, the epidemiologist whose model HM Government chiefly heeds, said yesterday that large gatherings are not particularly important for transmitting the virus. On this point, the South Koreans would beg to differ. Their elaborate and determined contact-tracing has shown that the infection first got its boots on at a large church assembly, to whose members many of the first cases in South Korea were traced back.

Secondly, most Western governments, with less recent experience of fatal infections than those in the Far East, have still not quite learned the importance of asking their citizens, when outside their own homes, to wear some form of face-covering.

As South Korea’s chief of public health has bluntly said in a recent interview, homemade face-masks are by no means perfect, but they help a great deal by preventing droplets from coughs and sneezes from traveling well beyond the 6 ft that most countries have adopted as the minimum “social distance”. Even with masks, 16 ft would be better than 6 ft. Without masks, 6 ft is a dangerously inadequate distance.

Mr Trump, in his three-phase plan for bringing the lockdown to an end as soon as it is safe, has gotten the point about do-it-yourself face-coverings. His plan strongly recommends them. HM Government, however, continues to dither on this as on much else. Unlike Mr Trump, it has proven wholly unable of even giving a hint of what an exit strategy from the lockdown might look like, and people are becoming justifiably alarmed that their elected representatives do not trust them.

The worst of all the pieces of bad advice handed down by the “experts” is the idea that the best way to deal with this pandemic is to let as many people as possible get the infection and acquire what they chillingly call “herd immunity”.

As the South Koreans have discovered, it is far from clear for how long the immunity acquired by those who have recovered from the infection will persist. Until that central question is answered, it cannot be safely assumed that population-wide immunity will be rapidly or effectively acquired.

Here are today’s graphs showing the daily compound growth rates in cumulative confirmed cases and in deaths. As always, they are seven-day averages, so as to iron out random fluctuations in the data. Note that it is cumulative cases, and not just new cases, that determine the future rate of transmission.

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Fig. 1. Mean compound daily growth rates in cumulative confirmed cases of COVID-19 for the world excluding China (red) and for several individual nations averaged over the successive seven-day periods ending on all dates from March 28 to April 18, 2020.

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Fig. 2. Mean compound daily growth rates in cumulative COVID-19 deaths for the world excluding China (red) and for several individual nations averaged over the successive seven-day periods ending on all dates from April 4 to April 18, 2020.#

Ø High-quality images of the graphs are here.

346 thoughts on “Chinese virus: a pox on the experts #coronavirus

  1. Having had personal experience of the British NHS, I would say that the most likely cause of the large loss of life to Covid-19 in Britain was mainly due to the appalling standard of medical treatment handed out under the NHS. The consequences are all too apparent.

    Australia: pop.25M 6,618 cases, 4,230 recoveries, 71 deaths (20 off 1 Cruise Ship in harbour.)
    United Kingdom: pop. 66M 120,067 cases, N/A recoveries(?), 16,060 deaths.

    • I suspect it has more to do with 7x the infection rate in the UK. This has more to do with geographic location, population density, and forcing of quarantine for entrants as well as refusing entrance to non-citizens that we practised in Oz.

      The NHS isn’t great, but it’s not as bad as you make out.

      • Yes it is. I have had my father die due to poor care and negligence in one of the major London hospitals. One sister that had to get a second opinion from a privat doctor who confirmed that her thyroid had died which would have killed her as well. I arrived in the accident and emergency with a broken arm at 5am and had to wait until 8:30 to see a doctor but there was no-one there, they were just too lazy to do the job they were paid for.
        The NHS is a total joke and money pit.
        But if you talk to any staff they think you should treat them like a god

        • I absolutely agree. Having lived much of my life in other countries, I find the NHS bureaucracy mind-blowingly incompetent. I’m sure the medical professionals are as well-trained as in other countries, but they are hampered by an antiquated admin system, which they all seem to accept as being completely normal.
          And to criticise the system is seen as being heretical – especially now.

      • Yes, allowing plane loads of people to come into Britain including from hot spots like Italy and Spain, with no separation in airport cues, no testing – not even an IR thermometer on the forehead- , no quarantine measures was criminally irresponsible. No wonder UK is in such a mess.

        CogB

        Note that it is cumulative cases, and not just new cases, that determine the future rate of transmission.

        Not true. Once victims have recovered they are not longer contagious. Cumulative totals are everyone who was ever ill, not those currently ill and contagious.

        Once again our nodding Homer demonstrates he has no understanding of what these figures mean or how to draw conclusions form them.

        • In response to the relentlessly negative “Greg”, it would indeed be useful to subtract recoveries as well as deaths from the cumulative cases, but most countries are reporting them inadequately, and the ever-more-incompoetent British Government is not reporting them at all. Therefore, the best we can do is report the cumulative cases (which are in any event a considerable understatement). This has already been discussed in these columns.

          • So once again you have to walk back your claims.

            “Note that it is cumulative cases, and not just new cases, that determine the future rate of transmission.”

            When challenged this becomes:

            the best we can do

            Not the same thing , is it. You should have said that initially if you want to make that case.

            I have already agreed with you that not counting those cured and discharged is a dereliction of duty.

            Daily cases, ie rate of change gives an earlier indication of the evolution of the epidemic that the rather smooth rise of a cumulative total.

            A further differentiation clearly shows the break from a typical epidemic evolution 10d after confinement came in in Italy. Maybe by the end of the week we will have the first indication of any changes due to slackening restrictions.

            https://climategrog.files.wordpress.com/2020/04/2019-ncov-d-logistic-fit-italy-3.png

            Yes, I have been consistently negative about your lame attempts and false and erroneous claims about what your graphs show.

            Rather than just criticising, I have produced a method which does do what you failed to do. I regard that as a positive contribution for the rest of the world, whether it pleases you or not.

          • “A further differentiation clearly shows the break from a typical epidemic evolution 10d after confinement came in in Italy.”

            there is no typical or “control case” for an epidemic.

            if you have a historical example where people did nothing in response to an epidemic you might have a control to talk about.

            The “attribution logic” folks are using here ( both pro and anti lockdown ) is not very convincing

            Some professionals are however getting on the ball and looking at actual mobility data.

          • In response to the relentlessly uniformed and inaccurate “Greg”, whether he likes it or not it is the cumulative cases, and not only the new cases, that determine the rate of transmission. Where possible, one should deduct the closed cases, but governments are not counting the closed cases correctly. The data are inadequate. Get over it.

          • but governments are not counting the closed cases correctly. The data are inadequate. Get over it.

            The UK data is a mess, which is why I don’t even bother plotting it. But now you jump from there to make the sweeping assertion “governments” in general are not counting closed cases correctly. Convenient, unsubstantiated waffle.

            All these data have issues. That is not a reason to throw our hands in the air not analyse any of it.

            You naive graphs tell us nothing useful and can not even tell us if we have passed the peak in new infection. You keep regurgitating the same nonsense day after days without admitting your cannot even interpret what you are presenting. You goofed, get over it.

          • there is no typical or “control case” for an epidemic.

            if you have a historical example where people did nothing in response to an epidemic you might have a control to talk about.

            Thanks for the input Mosh.

            I have used a very simple model but that is only to detect the break point where we can probably say we are detecting the effects of confinement. There is a large uncertainty in the model fit and how it behaves beyond the break point should not be given any weight at all. Certainly not in terms of peak value, timing of peak of timing of zero crossing etc. The purpose is just to show the form of the curve.

            It would not make any difference it I used a Gompertz , SIR, SEIR or other model.

            So the control is only a control in the most general terms. The break point is clear enough that we don’t need to be concerned with the exact model used.

            Maybe I will grey-out the latter part so that no one thinks I’m suggesting that model is supposed to be an accurate representation of “expected” later development , other than showing general form.

            I’m currently trying to extract a weekly “climatology” from the post confinement segment to tack on the end as a predictive model of the coming week. This may serve as a visual reference for any deviation due to relaxing confinement.

            We can probably expect a move above constant new case line after about a 10d lag from relaxation. That will be starting from Fri or Sat this week.

            Since the second differential is quite sensitive to change this is probably the kind of analysis which will detect it first.

            I’m rather surprised how consistent this weekly cycle is in the Italian data. I guess they have the dubious advantage of large numbers to average out random variability.

            Spain is very similar , though it has a week less of confinement. UK data is not even worth plotting. US is too heterogeneous: many different epidemic populations all being put in the blender. Maybe isolating NYC could work for a similar analysis.

            I’m hoping that Italy, having served as the West’s crash test dummy, can reveal some information ahead of time for other countries, like UK and US which are a little later in their respective epidemic evolutions.

            cheers.

        • “Yes, allowing plane loads of people to come into USA including from hot spots like Italy and Spain, with no separation in airport cues, no testing – not even an IR thermometer on the forehead- , no quarantine measures was criminally irresponsible. No wonder USA is in such a mess.”

          simple facts.

          The data was uncertain and will remain uncertain
          The public was told this was some kind of flu
          Experts are attacked right and left.
          Politicians make dumb mistakes.

          Go figure.

          thankfully we will not suffer from mistakes you would have made.
          or from mistakes I would have made.

          • So right Steven.

            Every Government has been on a hiding to nothing with there reactions to this virus. This isn’t helped by the fact that Expert guidance has had to be based on too little available data on which to base specific advice.

            The people in Government who are having to make these tough decision are certainly not to be envied and derision of their judgements by armchair commentators contributes nothing.

          • We’ve got a lot of Monday morning quarterbacks and it’s not even halftime yet.

          • It’s easy to be wise after the event but it does not take career in epidemiology to work out you should be controlling people coming into the country and at least doing the most cursory scan for fever. Other counties were already doing this , they did not even need to have the idea themselves.

            No social distances at passport control. WTF?

            My mother had a flight out of London in March. After seeing what was happening at UK airports she skipped to flight ( despite having a very important reason for flying ).

            Now with most of the country under confinement they are shipping thousands of Romanians and east europeans to under-cut the UK labour market, with equal disrespect for health checks.

          • No social distances at passport control. WTF?

            It’s OK, Greg, we’re not allowed to go to the garden centre to buy some petunias. That’ll more than compensate. Thank the Lord for lockdowns!

          • Today, government failure is often perversely rewarded. Budgets are increased, more staff it hired, etc. Problems and crises are viewed as opportunities, not to be solved but to be used to acquire power.

          • @Mosh — Finally a comment without snark. I concur.

            As to whether Greg’s or your would make bigger or worse mistake than the experts, we’ll never know because the public has had no real policy debate. Our media fuels fear and deliberately paints Trump in the worst light, while heaping praise upon the experts he is following,

          • I think the United States has a long history of starting slowly and fitfully, but eventually kicking it into high gear. Picture Usain Bolt getting out of the blocks late, then blowing past everyone halfway through the race and you’ll have an idea of what I mean.

    • The UK does not have a large loss of life. On a population basis we are lower than Belgium, Spain, Italy and France. We are similar to the Netherlands. Germany counts deaths entirely differently, but we may not be much worse than them. So for large European countries we are relatively OK.

      • Germany counts deaths entirely differently

        Yes, in a consistent and defined manner. This is quite different to the anarchic, piecemeal mess in the UK.

        Your point may be relevant though – if you explained it rather than making unfounded assertions.

        Could you explain the difference in counting and how this ends up with Germany’s figures which look WAY better begin about the same as UK?
        thanks.

        • Germany doesn’t test the dead. There, if you die of pneumonia without a prior COVID diagnosis, you don’t count as a victim of the CPC. In the US, if you die in a car wreck, but then test positive for the WuWHOFlu virus, you are such a victim.

          Dunno if the U.K. has such a standard or not.

          • My sister is an RN and she is amazed how we are skewing the data. If someone dies from a heart attack but has the flu, we don’t count those as flu deaths. If we applied the CDC’s recommendations for counting Covid-19 deaths to the common cold, how many cold deaths would be have?

            I believe this overcounting issue is deliberate. The more official deaths, the more money goes to the bureaucracy, the states and to the hospitals.

          • It has the US standard. No numbers mean anything in the UK, the only stats that can be used that have any foundation in fact are the total morbidity numbers reported by Euro Momo. They show 3 things. Firstly the all age excess deaths acoss Europe ( and the UK) have the same amplitude, duration and shape as the flu deaths of 2018. Secondly Sweden and the UK, France, Itlay, Spain have exactly the same excess amplitudes, durations etc, ie lockdown makes no difference at all. Thirdly the seasonal flu excess deaths in the winter of 2019/20 didn’t happen, they were waiting for CV-19 , so died 4 months later than usual.
            And finally the excess death trend is sharply DOWN , all acoss Europe.
            So even if all countries have different reporting methods, overall they cumulate to show its no worse in aggregate than flu in 2018 and its almost over.
            Can we have our lives back now, pretty please?

          • Spot on John. And to jeffery P’s point.

            The Government has put the economy into a controlled dive without assurances they can pull up in time.

            In the final analysis, it will be more about Media, Political and Bureaucratic CYA for killing the economy. The redistribution of federal dollars (read debt) is simply extortion to buy “Big Medicine” i.e the Healthcare Establishment’s cooperation with the Central Authoritarians, who are resting comfortably in their mansions eating gourmet ice cream and don’t want the great unwashed masses to storm their castle when this is all over because they no longer have jobs.

            This is the primary reason why they need to pump the numbers up. Even with dummie numbers they still are having difficulty making this look like it will end up being any worse than a bad flu season.

            How to read the tea leaves. We have years of data and a relatively stable death rate. If total deaths don’t spike dramatically and flu and pneumonia deaths all but disappear or fall off a cliff during this period of Corona then you will know the fish is rotting at the head. But then some of us have known that for years.

          • The inflammation that is caused by ChiCom19 has been shown to cause blood clots which have caused heart attacks in ChiCom19 patients.

          • We don’t really need to test for the virus though. Just look at the overall mortality each week and the number above the average is likely to be caused by covid-19 unless you can think of a different major cause. The UK as just released data (ONS) for the week ending 10th April and there were 8000 above average deaths, compared to 6000 the prior week. Hopefully we are at the peak now.

            “Main points from latest release
            The provisional number of deaths registered in England and Wales in the week ending 10 April 2020 (Week 15) was 18,516; this represents an increase of 2,129 deaths registered compared with the previous week (Week 14), is 7,996 deaths more than the five-year average and is the highest weekly total since Week 1 in 2000.

            Of the deaths registered in Week 15, 6,213 mentioned “novel coronavirus (COVID-19)”, which is 33.6% of all deaths; this compares with 3,475 (21.2% of all deaths) in Week 14.”

            https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/datasets/weeklyprovisionalfiguresondeathsregisteredinenglandandwales

        • In response to John Tillman and Jim W, it is already clear from the EUROMOMO statistics that there is severe excess mortality in several countries, including the UK, whose own excess mortality statistics for weeks 14 and 15 show so sharp a spike in excess mortality that they have caught the professor of statistics at Cambridge by surprise.

          • Once again , Mr Monckton, is unable to produce any numbers relating to the deaths “with’ or “of” Corona.

            So a good idea of a petri dish is the French Aircraft carrier where those on board would have been in very close proximity.

            Sorry for the repeat- but I feel we have had enough of the lock down was necessary.

            “On a French aircraft carrier 1081 soldiers tested positive. So far, almost 50% of them remained symptom-free and about 50% showed mild symptoms. 24 soldiers were hospitalized, one of them is in intensive care (previous illnesses unknown).

      • In response to Phoenix44, one must adjust for the date on which the first cases were recorded. On that basis, Britain is a couple of weeks behind Italy or Spain, so our numbers will, alas, rise over the coming weeks.

        • The date the first cases were recorded is unlikely to be the date the first cases arrived.

          • Yes, I’d say the first cases in Europe probably arrived two or maybe even three months before the first “confirmed” cases. The virus seems to need quite a bit of effort to get into the immune system. So those who get it early, while it’s still at a relatively low level among the population, tend to get mild symptoms. Later, when more people around you have it, you’re at more risk. That might also explain why (political lies notwithstanding) the Chinese got caught with their pants down.

          • Mr Lock is guessing how long before confirmed cases the first infections arrived in Europe. Since the earliest cases in Wuhan date from mid-November 2019, and the first confirmed cases arrived in Europe in mid-January 2020, it is not plausible to imagine that there were infections in Europe in mid-October 2019, three months before the firstr confirmed cases and – ridiculously – one month before patient zero in Wuhan.

          • farmerbraun thinks it entirely plausible that travel originating around Wuhan from November onwards could have gone to any country in the world, bringing a virus along for the trip. It’s what virus does.
            It would then follow that isolated cases were present in many areas of the world from about December; this does not seem implausible.

          • Christopher, you have missed my point, and Neillusion’s point too. The first internationally reported cases from China may have been in November. But were those the first confirmed cases? I don’t know, and neither do you. And when were the first actual cases? Even the Chinese don’t know that.

            You are skeptical of the case data from the UK, are you not? And rightly so. So why are you not at least as skeptical of what the Chinese have said?

        • I don’t think our weekly numbers will rise now. 8000 above average deaths from 3rd to the 10th April following on from 6000 the week before is hopefully our peak. I would expect no more than 8000 the following a week and then a decline from this point, but we will have to wait and see.

          Data from the weekly posted ONS stats.

      • You cannot compare death rates across nations without

        stratification for age and co morbidity

        just STOP comparing national rates until you have the data properly stratified

        Hint, you will need cross tabs of comorbidities, age, and standard of care applied.

        THEN you might begin an analysis

        • Steven
          Why can’t this be done in real time.
          Individuals such as nick stokes and Clive best are able to run WORLD temp anomalies with fancy graphs in a couple of days after the end of the month.
          How comes nations states under an unprecedented disaster can’t collate death certificate data?

          • ‘Why can’t this be done in real time.
            Individuals such as nick stokes and Clive best are able to run WORLD temp anomalies with fancy graphs in a couple of days after the end of the month.
            How comes nations states under an unprecedented disaster can’t collate death certificate data?”

            reporting systems of various countries are not UNIFORM

            what data is collected
            what data is publishable,
            what codes are used

            etc.

            and it takes time.

            One example from Korea. A 17 year kid died. required an autopsy,
            then several rounds of review by various government agencies
            then an outside review.

            verdict? not covid

        • Additionally in uk the attending dr is supposed to sign the cause of death.
          The attending dr is the dr who is supposed to know the full history of the patient.

          https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/877302/guidance-for-doctors-completing-medical-certificates-of-cause-of-death-covid-19.pdf

          By now these doctors should know that the importance of filling out the certificate correctly wrt to the nations health and economy.

        • Steven
          I thought they were UNIFORM. AFAIK Korea, Italy, uk and others all use the same international ICD Code for reporting cause of death

          https://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/0/47E19CA15036B04BCA2577570014668B?
          See Australia’s example.
          The IMHE have experience combining and comparing this data for countries.
          Yes I agree it will take time to compile all data, but if analysing even 80% yielded a pattern. Say disease x sufferers were more prone to COVID and this was evident in multiple countries then this info would be invaluable.

          I’m just thinking how a team like BEST or individual like Clive BEst or Nick Stokes can compile temp data from all over the world why similar teams in a national emergency can’t.

      • ” it is far from clear for how long the immunity acquired by those who have recovered from the infection will persist. Until that central question is answered,”

        Why, suddenly, are they pretending that the antibodies created by overcoming a viral attack are essentially transient? I have never heard of such a thing and evolution indicates that our immune system would have a longer memory to prevent a re-infection immediately after a successful repulse of a virus. Those who do not have any residual immunity at some level would not survive.

        It appears that the”experts” are seriously interested in pretending we know nothing about viruses, disease, and our immune system, which then means that everything is possible. What fun.

        At this point, there is cogent evidence that the C-19 that has been observed is very likely exosomes given off by our tissues in response to a number of stimuli or challenges. So, the tests are testing for a response to a challenge, not the virus causing the illness. As there are many reasons that we make exosomes, which contain RNA, the existing tests only measure for something many of us have for a variety of reasons —this also explains the high number of positive tests in asymptomatic people.

        This brings into question what an antibody test will test for. If you have antibodies against your own exosomes, you have an auto-immune condition, which is not good. There is a chance that they might accidentally focus on antibodies for the actual virus that is making people ill. One can only hope.

        As the flu season is a salad of viruses, we simply do not have the ability to sort out all the viruses a person might have at one time and, instead, have been focusing on the RNA from a symptom of the viral challenge or even stress challenge, which can indeed cause exosome generation.

        • In response to Mr Higley, nobody is “pretending” that immunity to the Chinese virus may be short-lived. Some 19 cases in South Korea have cleared the infection and have subsequently been re-infected. This is unusual. If this result is replicated more widely, then it will simply not be possible for us to assume that “herd immunity” will ever be acquired.

          • Some 19 cases in South Korea have cleared the infection and have subsequently been re-infected.

            More precisely, “Some 19 cases in South Korea have been tested as cleared of the infection and have subsequently been re-infected.”

            South Korea has done a fantastic job of testing, tracing and isolating victims. They have managed to stop the spread of the virus. But they have only done that by testing 100s of 1000s of people.

            How many false positive test results would one expect from that many tests? More than zero , surely. Maybe as many as 19.

            We do not yet know that the virus mutates quick enough to re-infect people within a few months.

    • While I’m sympathetic about your experience with the NHS, I think that this is one instance where it’s not their fault. I put the blame on dithering politicians and obstructive public servants. Oops. Sorry. “Civil Servants”.
      My father died in an NHS hospital in 2014. He was only 90. The responsible doctor seemed to be very competent, but he was hugely overloaded and only had 3 or 4 minutes to explain to my brothers and me that our father was probably not going to survive beyond a day or two. He wasn’t responding to their treatment plan. I wonder how much time the doctor had to examine my father again, and review the original treatment plan?

    • According to graphs and data published in UK press about 95k people have had an outcome. Cases – (deaths+currently hospitalised) to give recovered cases. Data on numbers in hospital in UK can be found on the internet

      That gives a survive/death ratio of 85/15. So the death rate of all cases including those unreported will be considerably lower.
      Having a NHS that has been under funded for decades and having the most vulnerable closeted together in homes seems an ideal way of getting the maximum death toll.

      • “Having a NHS that has been under funded for decades” that statement is utter crap. The NHS in the UK was fed huge quantities of money during Blair’s administration, and that only ended in 2010. Since then the NHS has had no real cuts, simply the growth in funding has slowed. This followed from the financial crisis of 2008 presided over by the then Labour goverment. We continue to pour money into it despite its dreadful bureaucracy.

        • The winter crisis in the NHS now stretches form October to March even without novel viruses. The underfunding of the NHS is not a theoretical discussion point. It’s a fact of life… and death.

          The financial crisis of 2008, US sub-prime mortgage mis-selling and the collapse of Lehmann brothers were not caused by the Labour Party.

          The economic incompetence of austerity when interest rates were low and investment was desperately needed was the fault of Lib Dem and Tory Governments. A fault that is killing people today.

    • The large loss of life is likely due to patients who were misdiagnosed and intubated with high PEEP. Most covid patients need high oxygen, not high PEEP that can irreparably damage lungs with normal compliance, as most covid patients have.

      • High oxygen is helpful by adding hydrogen is going to address the problem at its root. High O2 is a compensation, not a treatment. The observation that it is chemical pneumonia not viral pneumonia is significant.

  2. I concur with you South Korea has fought the battle fearless even our country Kenya. Am over 40 and for the first time in my life I have missed to attend the church becoz the govt banned all social gatherings. Hotels are take aways, all schools closed and lock downs by counties. Curfew Nationwide from 7pm.
    Last week a Maasai was recorded whipping people with a rod saying the govt ordered you keep two metres distance.
    Hand washing in every shop and masks are compulsory yet others wonder why Africa is winning low infections. That’s why it’s not about rights, freedom it’s about discipline by which means necessary. Corona is an ass and must be defeated through all means necessary.

    • While you’re at it, ban driving, sailing, skiing, and all contact sports. We can’t have any injuries or death, can we? Then we’ll all live forever!

      • What about bathtubs? Bathtubs are the number one killer in households. Should have been outlawed ages ago.

        Just the other day a friend mentioned his doctor was treating him for corona virus. Told him to take a large irish whiskey after a hot bath. I asked how he liked the whiskey, but he said he was still working on the hot bath.

        • Is it the bathtub or the electric hairdryer which is the actual cause of death ?

          Death because of a bathtub or death with a bathtub?
          😉

        • We shall also ban dihydrogen monoxide as it k!11 lot of people by making irreparable damage to the lung. This poison is known to contaminate practically all domestic water taps!

        • What a bunch of brainless jerks. Like you spoil one spot for skating and everyone goes home and self-isolates as a result? WTF are they thinking.

          This is almost as good a Bedfordshire pigs dumping black dye in a beauty spot to stop people going there.

          That level of stupidity should be a criminal offense.

          • The beauty spot is notorious for drownings (google map ref: 51.99440002,-0.25799110)
            People (usually the young) go swimming in it, not realising that it is quite deep, and very cold, and hence get into trouble. Probably they (police) are fed-up with pulling dead bodies out of it…

  3. Why are the bulk of the British workforce confined to home (barracks, prison)? Why have billions of pounds been allocated to help those confined? Because government edicts powered by xspurts ignored the reality of the demographics that said that this very workforce were at a very low risk of any serious consequences from the virus, and, went ahead and hobbled the wheels of the economy. The billions helicoptered into the economic crisis of their own making could have been directed to ensure that the most vulnerable in society were properly protected and that alternate locations to treat virus victims could have been properly equipped to avoid burying hospitals already at their limits. In addition, money could be spent now to help define detailed requirements for the nation’s plan for the next epidemic; nothing like a real time exercise to help get it right because the next pandemic may be far more lethal.

    • The billions helicoptered into the economic crisis of their own making could have been directed to ensure that the most vulnerable in society were properly protected and that alternate locations to treat virus victims could have been properly equipped to avoid burying hospitals already at their limits. In addition, money could be spent now to help define detailed requirements for the nation’s plan for the next epidemic

      I fully agree with this, and the results could have benefited the vast majority of us for decades.

      Having said that, I’m very glad I didn’t have to make the decision and have the possibility of a massive death toll on my hands. 2020 hindsight (see what I did there?) is nice to have, but they did not have that luxury when making decisions. I think we should reassess and reconsider now, however.

    • That is phase 1 of the trump plan. Send the hwalrgt back to work and the vulnerable shelter in place. The obvious solution.

  4. We were told the goal was to ‘flatten the curve’, so our medical response infrastructure was not over run. We have met that goal. Was that a lie? If not, our economy has crashed and is approaching an unrecoverable inflection. If it was in error or a lie, there is nor reason to participate further. Either way, there is no longer any reason to participate in the lock downs.

    Our national ‘lock downs’ have not suppressed ‘essential services’. Let’s give that greater consideration!
    #FreedomIsEssential
    #WorkIsEssential
    #PrivateBusinessIsEssential
    #PaychecksAreEssential
    #SocialismIsNotEssential
    #FascismIsNotEssential
    #DictatorialGovernorsAreNotEssential
    #BankruptingTheUSTreasuryIsNotEssential

    Time to get back to work, before the government diktat ‘cure’ proves more lethal than the Chinese virus.

    • In response to J Mac, now that intensive-care capacity has not been overwhelmed, it will indeed be possible to phase out the lockdowns. Mr Trump has already sketched out a plan for easing lockdowns, and is calling out those states that are imposing them too severely. HM Government, behind the curve as ever, has still been unable to give any indication of the exit plan, and people are becoming justifiably impatient.

      Though there was – rightly – support for the lockdown in the UK when it was clear to all that the health service would otherwise have been overwhelmed, now that that crisis has largely been averted it is time to get people back to work. We shall still have to take sensible precautions, but, on the figures as shown in the daily graphs, lockdowns have largely done their work.

      • …on the figures as shown in the daily graphs, lockdowns have largely done their work.

        Post hoc ergo propter hoc

        There is no evidence the slowing of the increase of infections is due to the lockdowns. Other predictions were made that the infection rate would reduce due to the normal response of a coronavirus to warmer weather. There isn’t any evidence for that, either.

        • There is evidence from serology testing worldwide that the infection rate is possibly more than an order of magnitude greater than the positive tests of those infected and reporting sufficient symptoms to be tested. There will be many cowering in place whose immune systems have successfully neutralized the corona virus infection. These are not in any of the models.
          As a minimum those below age 70 should be cleared to live as normal although with special caution if they have vulnerable family living with them. Not restarting the economy will be a far greater risk to life than the decaying Wuhan corona virus infection rate.

          • In response to Ian W, it is not yet clear that the immunity conferred by clearing the virus will endure. In South Korea, there have been some cases who cleared the infection and were then reinfected. That is why one cannot rely on “herd immunity” until one can be sure that the immunity will endure.

        • PJF continues to get everything reliably wrong. The rate at which an epidemic spreads during its early stages is chiefly governed by the infectivity of the pathogen and the mean daily person-to-person contact rate, which, whether PJF likes it or not, has been greatly reduced in countries without lockdowns and very greatly reduced in countries with them. In Britain, the contact rate is down by 85-95%, according to cellphone data. It is a not particularly difficult calculation to work out how quickly hospital systems would have been overwhelmed in the UK if the contact rate had not been sharply reduced.

          The later one acts to deal with an epidemic, and the less determinedly one acts, the more necessary and prolonged is the lockdown necessary to put matters to rights. With sufficiently determined action at the outset, as in South Korea or Taiwan, the epidemic can be prevented from ever getting its boots on.

          Now that the lockdown in the UK has succeeded in its primary purpose of preventing the hospitals from being overwhelmed, dismantling the lockdown can begin.

          • PJF continues to get everything reliably wrong.

            Monckton of Brenchley continues to resort to ad hominem and diversion instead of concentrating on addressing the point. I said there was no evidence the lockdowns were responsible for slowing the increase of infections. To counter, Monckton of Brenchley produced a collection of vaguely related, technical sounding boilerplate that, unsurprisingly, offered no evidence.

            Indeed, Monckton of Brenchley’s own graphs offer no evidence the UK lockdown was responsible. The line began falling before the lockdown and has continued smoothly downward, without any indication that the “85-95%” reduced contact rate had the slightest impact.

            Either Monckton of Brenchley’s graphs do not represent reality, or the lockdown’s impact was tiny compared to whatever really did begin the downward trend.

      • “…on the figures as shown in the daily graphs, lockdowns have largely done their work.”

        Sweden, no lockdown, Norway, lockdown. Two otherwise very similar countries in most of the aspects (population, habits, health care systems, etc.) :
        – try to find any significant difference in the daily cases curves between those two countries.

        For instance, look at the two peaks and compare them to the population of each of those countries :
        – no difference.

        Wasn’t the purpose of the lockdown to limit the daily cases peak (flatten the curve !) so as not to overhelm the healthcare system ?

        The fact is that there is not a shred of evidence of any lockdown effet on the daily new cases.

        https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/#countries

        Informative interview of a Swedish epidemiologist who explains, among other things, why the Ferguson pseudo-science paper (not even published nor peer-reviewed) is flawed :

        • This is a good video. There were many good questions asked and the epidemiologists does a good job answering them.

        • In response to Petit_Barde, the daily compound case-growth and death-growth rates in Sweden are appreciably above those in Norway. Indeed, the rate of growth in deaths is currently among the highest I am monitoring.

          • The rate of growth in death is not related to the lockdown policy but to many other factors (health care system, cases age distribution, cases co-morbidity distribution, cases stage of detection, adopted treatment, etc.).

            As said before, with respect to those criteria, Sweden and Norway are very similar.

            Lockdown can only have an impact on the total infected relative to the population.
            In this respect, Sweden and Norway are in the same ball park :
            – lockdown in useless.

            Conversely, we will have to count the homeless, the unimployed, the suicides, the mortality due to delayed treatments, etc. This will be the very (and only actual) impact of this “pandemia”.

            This pseudo-pandemia is a much ado about nothing and lockdown is just a way to create an actual economic and social disaster from a absurdly exaggerated problem.

            As a British, you should adopt the motto :
            Keep Calm and Carry On !

          • A claim is made in the video above that Sweden in general has larger nursing homes compared to Norway and this is reflected in the case and death statistics because of community spread in those homes.

          • Sorry Petit_Barde, but the total number infected depends totally on the number tested and you must know that.
            But the Deaths do not.
            Sweden 156/M population
            Norway 33/M population
            Denmark 63/M population
            Finland 18/M population

            Why are you obfuscating?

          • It does not matter what Comorbities the patients had.
            It does not matter how old they were.
            The Swedish System allowed them to become infected and they died.
            Norway 181 dead
            Denmark 64 dead
            Finland 98 dead
            Total 343 dead
            Sweden 1580 dead
            The Swedish system caused 1237 excess deaths compared to the other 3 nordic countries.

      • The present UK govt are just following the eugenics template……lose the old/sick/disabled and save money!

    • CMoB,
      Wannabe fascist Governors like Jay Inslee-WA and Tony Evers-WI are stating that, if the serfs don’t stop complaining about the government boot on their economic throats, “more draconian measures will be needed”. Freedom loving peoples reject draconian diktats. We have no love for kings or dictators, here in the USA. It is encoded in our national DNA, our Constitution, our Amendments, and our Representative Republic.

      Washington and Wisconsin state citizens are going back to work. If #JapingJayInslee and #WorstGovernorEvers choose the police powers of the state to further apply the heavy boot of government to the economic throats of Washington and Wisconsin citizens, their “draconian measures” will spawn an open revolt. Wannabe dictators, take heed! The foment is nearly at boil!

      • I will be in Madison this Friday to help make it clear via peaceful protest that most Americans feel that way.

        • Bless you, Dave Miller!
          I live in WA state and have family in WI. Jay Inslee and Tony Evers are ‘two of a kind’, in decidedly unflattering similar ways.

  5. I think we need proof of how many died to Corona virus.. So far none.

    And still no peer review of Neil Fergurson’s work.

    “In a new analysis, the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) at the University of Oxford argues that the lethality of covid19 (IFR) is between 0.1% and 0.36% (i.e. in the range of a severe influenza).”

    • Agreed.
      I don’t understand this thing “dying with” or “dying of” COVID 19.
      In uk medical certificate of death have four options for cause of death.
      Ia, Ib, Ic and II.
      I think it works like this.
      Example :Elderly person has diabetes and hypertension but died of pneumonia heart failure caused by COVID
      Ia heart failure
      Ib pneumonia
      Ic COVID
      II hypertension ( doctor may consider hypertension impacted death but not diabetes)

      If the above is done correctly the statistics of each country should pick up what is the key co-morbidity. This will further fine tune most at risk

  6. “Dr John Ioannidis of Stanford University has released the results of a serology study done on a sampling of Santa Clara County residents. He sat down with John Kirby from Journeyman Pictures to explain the results.

    The study found that between 2.5% and 4.2% of residents have antibodies relating to Sars-Cov-2, a far greater percentage than ever previously thought, between 50 and 85 times higher than initial estimates”

    https://off-guardian.org/2020/04/19/watch-covid19-fatality-rate-in-the-ballpark-of-seasonal-influenza/

    • There are huge question marks regarding this study. FFS, the population sample were invited for testing via a Facebook ad. It’s complete nonsense.

      • How does Facebook make it “complete nonsense”? The sample was selected from those who answered it to make it random. Yes, the study is not conclusive but what data is then? Ionaddis is no fool, and no crank, and this is not an isolated result – there are now 10-15 good examples that the infection rate is far higher than the models think, and the death rate consequently much lower. We have twonaurcrsft carriers two studies of pregnant women, two studies in Germany and Italy, the infection rates amongst all cause deaths, and more. All point to the same thing. And very little support g the original death rates. FFS.

        • A Facebook ad attracts those who are interested in the topic, i.e. people who think they have had the virus or been in contact with someone who has had it. It’s not random.

          I don’t know what you mean by the “original death rates”. If you are referring to the CASE fatality rates then so what? We know they were wrong but NO-ONE used them in any model. Ferguson used 0.9%.

          • Viewing FaecesBook is a sample bias all on its own. You cannot “randomise” out a bias in your sample.

            Who does FB algos choose to throw this ad at ? Another totally unknowable bias.

            That does not mean the result is wrong. It could right despite the sample bais, or right for the wrong reason. The problem is you can’t know that. So “complete nonsense” may be a bit dramatic but it is very poorly constructed and should not get past peer review as a method.

            There are indications that 2.5% is too low.

        • “How does Facebook make it “complete nonsense”? The sample was selected from those who answered it to make it random. ”

          no.

          the bias is called self selection bias

          In Santa Clara county you could not get a test unless you had severe symptoms

          So, if you had had symptoms and could not get tested, then you are likely to sign up
          for the free test to find out.

          And bring your kid which was allowed.

          people who thought they might have had corona were motivated to take the test.

          For example, 100 people ( twice the number that tested positive)
          showed up with invalid or IDs that did not match the ID they used to sign up

          • Mother perspective: I do not think there is any chance I am exposed. Therefore, why on Earth would I go out to a place people who think they might be sickness gathering?
            People not infected have avoided getting infected by not taking unnecessary risks.
            So, what reason could I have to respond?
            To toss a negative into the mix so they get an accurate result?
            So self selection bias, plus self elimination bias.

      • Huge question marks over Neil Ferguson’s work. He has never been correct on any of his predictions and his work is not peer reviewed.

        • Ferguson’s UK model looks to be spot on though he may have under-estimated hospital deaths.

          Under current intervention measures, Ferguson’s model predicted we would remain within ICU capacity and that the UK hospital numbers would peak at the week-end of April 10th 2020.

          My daughter (Birmingham,UK) emailed me last night to inform that numbers peaked at their hospital on April 10th and have been falling ever since. She is now involved in planning a return to normal.

          Like I said – SPOT ON.

          • except we cannot confirm who died “with” or “of ” the disease.

            So not spot on.

            Though in the UK I am sure they will circle the wagons to confirm his numbers. Luckily other countries were not so foolish to shut down and will always be there to mock his non- peer reviewed work.

          • Richard, as usual, is allowing prejudice to override reason. Ferguson’s model said when the pandemic would peak. It appears to have peaked when he said it would. He also predicted that the UK, with lockdown, would remain within intensive-care capacity. We have remained within capacity. The question whether one books deaths of Chinese virus as merely with Chinese virus is irrelevant to these two predictions, which have proven correct.

            If Richard were to talk less and read more, he would know that Ferguson has made his code available to international experts for scrutiny and, that early results indicate that the code has passed muster.

            It is not appropriate to attack someone’s model merely because one does not like the results. One must have a good reason. Ferguson is wrong when he says that large gatherings do not have much impact in spreading the infection, as South Korea’s experience with a church gathering has demonstrated. But that does not make his entire model incorrect.

            Ferguson’s model predicted that in the absence of control measures the infection fatality rate would be about 0.5%, or 40 million deaths out of 7 billion infected by the end of this year. That infection fatality rate appears to be borne out in reality, thus far. My own estimate, based on casting back deaths, was 0.1 to 1%, midrange estimate 0.34%. Ferguson’s estimates are consistent with that.

          • Monckton of Brenchley wrote:
            . . . Ferguson has made his code available to international experts for scrutiny and, that early results indicate that the code has passed muster.

            Selected academics privately investigate fellow academic – no problems found. Never seen that before, have we?

            Apparently if the code is to be released publically it will have to be “cleaned up” first. Yes, I’m sure it will scrub up nicely.

          • Christopher: “Ferguson’s model said when the pandemic would peak. It appears to have peaked when he said it would.”

            So, it peaked on April 10th, the very day the UK chucked 3,000 or so late tests and so a lot more “new” cases into the mix? BTW, the Netherlands, Portugal and Ireland also had huge peaks of new cases on that day. Yeah, right. Do government reported stats represent reality, or do they merely follow the models? Oh, and I can think of another area – “temperature” – in which that may also be a problem.

        • Monckton of Benchley, is now ignoring all the data illustrating that the Virus is about the same as a heavy flu and –

          “New data of German authorities show that in Germany, too, the reproduction rate of Covid19 had already fallen below the critical value of 1 before the lockdown. General hygiene measures were therefore sufficient to prevent the exponential spread. This had already been shown by the ETH Zurich for Switzerland as well’

        • Monckton of Brenchley is ignoring the fact that it was Neil Ferguson’s first prediction of 500,000 dead that led to the lock down.

          I thus find the him unreliable and cherry picking facts.

          The point is Ferguson’s work was not peer reviewed and should have been based on all his other predictions from the past being hopelessly wrong.

          In any company he would have been sacked and yet still , Mr Monckton, continues to protect him

          Warning.

          Monckton articles – read with caution.

        • Monckton- “my own estimate, based on casting back deaths, was 0.1 to 1%, midrange estimate 0.34%”

          We all knew this “According to data from the best-studied countries such as South Korea, Iceland, Germany and Denmark, the overall lethality of Covid19 is between 0.1% and 0.4% and thus up to twenty times lower than initially assumed by the WHO’

          “A new serological study by Stanford University found antibodies in 50 to 85 times more people than previously thought in Santa Clara County, California, resulting in a Covid-19 lethality of 0.12% to 0.2% or even lower”

          “The Finnish epidemiology professor Mikko Paunio from the University of Helsinki has evaluated several international studies in a working paper and comes to a Covid19 lethality (IFR) of 0.1% or less (i.e. in the area of seasonal influenza)’

          “A US study comes to the conclusion that the new corona virus has already spread much further than originally assumed, but causes no or only mild symptoms in most people, so that the lethality rate could be as low as 0.1%”

          If Neil Fegurson had any credibility his work would have reflected this but in his usual form he went full on alarmist.

          The mention of 500,000 dead led to the lock down.

          • actually, China shutting down led to the lock down. They gave a penny ante in a 100 trillion dollar bet. Can we set the world up to lockdown? They won the bet and are still in total control of the game.

        • That was published March 5th — over 6 weeks ago, and probably based on information even older. That’s worthless for decisions that need to be made now.

    • That guy’s videos are amazing. It appears that they’re us absolutely no crisis in NYC. If this is true, and it would be very difficult to falsify his evidence, it appears that the Mendacious Sensationalist Media are pushing a real fraud, and NYC is trying to cash in on it in the worst way.

    • https://youtu.be/eBfDTwScCLI?t=71

      What a jerk. He’s screaming at a friggin ambulance driver “switch the damn engine off!” when he had been told repeatedly they are not allowed to do that.

      Yet another leftist TWAT having a hissy fit because someone will not follow his political agenda.

      I’m sure this must be the same guy who was in vidio shop screaming “It MADAME actually” after being “misgendered”, before offering the sales attendant outside to show him how “female” he was.

      This asshole is berating front line workers in the middle of a crisis for creating “pollution” on a day when there’s no traffic in NYC. Total disconnection with reality but a great change be WOKE.

      Now what exactly does this show about “crisis ” or not. Maybe link to vid and a time which you think we should look at.

  7. Why does this drivel continue. Why not consider what actual epidemiologists like Knut Wittkowski say?
    Or how about this:
    https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2017/flu/en/

    https://www.pbs.org/newshour/health/cdc-says-more-people-die-of-influenza-worldwide-than-who-estimated

    This info ought to be the lead in any story about the dangers of C19.
    Think the MSM doesn’t have an agenda?

    And by the way, here in Japan, classes of H.S. students at cram schools were packed through the first week of April. Could it be that Japan’s extremely low death rate was due to allowing herd immunity to develop.

    • It does not seem possible that herd immunity was achieved in Japan when all of the statistics show few cases. Of testing done there, more than 90% of those tested are not carrying the virus.

      There is some other factor(s).

  8. The most successful nations at containing the virus so far have been S Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong , Greece, Australia and New Zealand.Eg Australia with a population of 25 m has had about 6700 cases and 70 deaths whereas Sweden , which has had a relaxed social mixing policy has had some 1500 deaths in a population of 10m- only 40 % of Australia’s
    The methods these succeesful nations have used vary so there does not seem to be any one star best method but what does seem common to them all is that they acted decisively early’
    This is essential because in the early stages of the virus striking a country the infection multiplier can quickly reach 2.5 or 3 ie so 10 infected people can infect a further 25 or 30 and so on
    In Australia we have now contained that multiplier to 0.5 so 4 infected will only infect 2 and those 2 only another one Thus if this continues the virus will eventually peter out
    It can be seen from the above the necessity to act early before the multipliers have a chance to get going
    How that is done has varied across the above countries whose methods have variously included rapid imposition of border barriers, wide spread testing, mandating social distancing methods including various levels of economic lock downs and reduced social interactions eg sport, restaurants, bars, clubs closed and requiring personal distances, follow up contact tracking, widespread use of masks and improved hand hygiene plus rigorous protections for those liable to infection ie medical staff plus testing of staff in care and nursing homes etc

    • “The methods these succeesful nations have used vary so there does not seem to be any one star best method but what does seem common to them all is that they acted decisively early’

      yes, yes ,yes,

      The same held true in 1918 with the Spanish flu.

      A bad decision taken quickly and measured beats waiting for better data and certainty.

      Patton: A good plan violently executed now is better than a perfect plan executed next week

      Look. People approach this problem thinking they can engineer their way out of it.

      if we only had good numbers
      if we only had better models
      If we only had double blind studies of medicine

      The list goes on.

      The simple fact is that action was required; it was required to act under EXTREME uncertainty
      with the Bonus wicked condition that the problem would spread exponentially
      for a while.. how long? nobody knew. Nobody will ever know.

      the other day I was reading an interesting piece that compared infection rates in cultures
      that kiss on the cheek, versus those that shake hands, versus those that bow.

      guess what?

      who knows maybe slowing the virus was a simple as wash your hands, cover your cough (with your elbow) don’t touch your face or shake hands? you’ll never know with certainty. especially when people
      don’t listen to advice. Free advice at that.

      When you told others it was no worse than the flu, when you focused on uncertainty did you influence people to be a little lazy about these simple measures? you’ll never know.

      How many people got infected because of nancy pelosi’s advice to celebrate in SF china town?
      You’ll never know.

      here is what we do know. In early Jan the mayor of Wuhan went ahead with a local celebration
      that 10s of thousands of people attended. And if you were watching you saw him get spanked by Beijing. There’s a clue for you. But apparently people could not learn by watching others fail.

      • Anyone who could not see that urgent action was required must have been residing on another planet in January and February 2020. China building a massive hospital in Wuhan to treat the sick and dying was one of the more dramatic early clues.

        Sick, dying and dead being stretchered off the Diamond Princess in Japan was another vivid clue.

        Taiwan is, without a doubt, the gold standard of action and outcome. Acted fast, closed borders and began tracking. Six deaths in a population of 24M. Taipei has twice the population density of London. There is nothing better than being prepared, using lessons from past experience.

        I am certain Boris Johnson would mark his actions on CV19 close to bottom of class. He has some credibility for surviving the virus and recognising the efforts of the medical team that got him through it.

        ScoMo in Australia took a great lesson from the 2019/2020 bushfire season. He created the emergency cabinet that comprised the State Premiers, himself and key Federal Ministers as required. They meet regularly (almost daily) on internet hook ups and co-ordinate action. The Federal Government has limited powers to act internally but considerable resources in terms of military and money supply – the Premiers have authority to act on internal matters. The States have some variation but they at least know what each other State is doing. ScoMo has proven a great leader in the circumstances. Australia has 71 deaths in a population of 25M. Could have been considerably less with earlier action but way above average.

        • The WHO was praising China’s response in late January and into February noting that China had helped to prevent the disease from spreading to other countries

          The WHO finally made the assessed a pandemic on March 11.

        • If he (BoJo) had not been PM, he wouldn’t have gone into the ICU. He didn’t need that level of care. Most hospital CoV patients are not in an ICU.
          And his sluggish reaction, which was probably intentional, has effectively delivered his “herd immunity” just the same. While avoiding the level of blame attribution that no action would have led to.

      • For once I’m happy to agree with you Steven.

        Most countries dithered and acted on the problem far too late, especially the UK.

        However, this pandemic might turn out to be a success, bizarrely, for the UK.

        In the winter of 2017/2018 there were 50,000 Excess Winter Deaths (ONS), ‘Excess’ being over and above the number of deaths we could usually expect during other periods. It was a bad flu year, but passed with barely a murmur.

        I have no idea what the total deaths this winter are yet, I don’t think the ONS keep a running total, but it’s worth noting that although Excess Winter Deaths here have been falling, the average is still ~20,000 or so.

        How illustrative of our NHS will it be if, during a global pandemic, the country ‘recovers’ with fewer Excess Winter Deaths than during 2017/2018?

        • The problem is that COVID19 is not in the normal Winter period, only March is considered near wintertime.
          This is a Spring epidemic after the flu season has usually finished, it could even become a summer one.

      • I once remember reading a comment on the lines of “everyone will make wrong decisions what makes a good executive is making the right wrong ones”. It appears that this was the essential first step when there was little accurate information, making the right wrong decisions.

        • Richard
          It is what is called following your gut feelings. Some people have better intuitions than others — or longer streaks of good luck.

    • Your leaving out Vietnam. 268 cases and ZERO deaths out of a population of 97M. Vietnam reacted the minute they heard the words “virus” and “China”. They have been down this road with the Chinese before. They fought to stop the introduction of the virus rather than the spread of the virus.

      • My information from Hanoi says that they went into shut-down before we did in Australia, and isolated several towns with the virus. They definitely worked at controlling the spread.

        • Let me rephrase. Vietnam fought from the very beginning to stop the virus from arriving in Vietnam by shutting down borders and airports very quickly. Very few people arrived with the virus. For the few that did their ability to trace the infected persons contacts and quarantine both the infected person and all contacts was swift and effective. But this strategy was only successful because so few infected people were ever allowed to enter the country.

      • Vietnam did react quickly, but its low case numbers and lack of deaths are dubious.

        CPT Crozier, skipper of USN carrier TR, docked in Da Nang on March 5 because he was assured that the only CPC virus cases were in the north. Yet with few crew ashore, his ship was infected. One sailor has died.

        CVN-71 also took on some stores in Vietnam.

    • Eg Australia with a population of 25 m has had about 6700 cases and 70 deaths whereas Sweden , which has had a relaxed social mixing policy has had some 1500 deaths in a population of 10m- only 40 % of Australia’s

      I’ve read on one forum explanation from a Swede – they dropped the ball not protecting enough care homes where virus wreaks havoc now what pushes mortality up. They also weren’t doing enough testing. Still, longer term comparison is still to be seen. It may turn out that Swedish know what they’re doing. The main purpose of the lockdowns after all is to protect hospitals from overwhelming and, as far as I’m aware, this is not happening in Sweden, despite relaxed lockdown.

  9. “We don’t know for sure, because a third of all British deaths arise outside hospitals and are thus ingeniously excluded from the Government’s daily counts, though the Office for National Statistics is now publishing a weekly parallel series giving the real numbers.”

    Most other countries don’t include deaths in nursing homes or at home so to get a like for like picture these must be included for all nations.

    We also need to sort out those who died WITH CV and those who died OF it. Again we are following WHO CV guidelines on this as are Spain and Italy. If we want to get a fair picture, either every nation needs to work on the WHO parameters or we need to sort out ourselves the genuine CV deaths from the remainder.

    • Yes, Christopher’s remark is nonsense. There is no ‘ingenious exclusion’. What happens is that there are two independent systems of death reporting in the UK, and they work on different timetables.

      The first system is transmission of data from hospitals to Public Health agency. Since the UK operates a mainly socialized and centralized medical system, the hospitals are used to reporting lots of data, and so they report all tested cases which have died. This doesn’t happen overnight, but each day there is a total which is all those reported in the last 24 hours. It will contain deaths over the last few days, because not all hospitals get their deaths in immediately.

      Then there is a separate system for recording deaths outside hospitals. Its the usual system of doctor issuing death certificate in cases where the death was at home or in other non-hospital institution. It is not deaths of tested cases, the diagnosis is based on the judgment of the attending physician.

      Not surprisingly, this second system results in later reporting of deaths than the first. Its also much more fragmented, so the reports trickle in.

      The agency that reports these is the Office for National Statistics. Their report has at least a one week lag.

      No-one is trying to conceal anything, no-one is being ingenious. The various bodies are simply reporting the numbers they have, and then catching up as more data comes in.

      PHE also reports in detail how many of the hospital deaths reported on a given day actually occurred in the last 24 hours, and how many occurred on each of previous days. So no, there is no ingenious attempt at concealment there either.

      The reports are still useful and indicative despite this, because the method is consistent since the start. So 1,000 deaths falling to 500 is still indicative, because it really does show a fall, even if that fall is not from 1,000 in the last 24 hours to 500 in the last 24 hours. Over a couple of weeks this gives you an idea of trend.

      However, in the UK, the key indicator is bed occupancy rates. These are published every day in the afternoon at the daily government press conference, and they show at the moment that occupancy rates are definitely falling. Death rates should follow.

      Suggestion of UK government attempts to manipulate the data are ridiculous to anyone who takes the trouble to examine what is known and what is being published.

      • In response to Michel, there has been considerable, and justifiable, criticism of HM Government for not making it clear at its daily press conferences that the death count should be 50% higher than the figures it is reporting. The people want the clearest possible picture, and the Government is not giving it to them.

        • It has been quite clear since the start of U.K. Government daily reports that the figures were for hospital deaths only. Please get off you hobby horse and stick to your graphs, which are informative.

          • In response to Mr Snook, as the South Koreans have demonstrated it is necessary to make sure that all deaths of those infected with the Chinese virus, and not merely those from hospitals, should be included in the daily totals. This is a pandemic. One cannot afford to dilly-dally as the civil service usually does.

            As Mr Mosher has pointed out, there will be some cases where the cause of death cannot be immediately determined. However, in most cases, death from the Chinese Virus is not difficult to detect, to attribute or to report.

      • A uk medical certificate cause of death MCCD has four spots for cause of death.
        AFAIK the MCCD should be submitted to registry office with nine days under normal circumstances. Under our current circumstances why can’t a team of admin staff input all the data daily.
        There have been thousands of COVID 19 deaths in various western nations.
        The full stats should be available on co-morbidity to determine a theme of deaths.

  10. Much of the death rate of Covid19 can be attributed directly to the fact that N95, N99 and N100 – even P100 masks are only designed to stop 0.3 micron and larger particles… and Covid-19 is 0.125 microns in size. Due to the masks creating a rather large negative pressure when used while exerting effort they simply “atomize” the virus right off of whatever it is lightly stuck to and the person wearing the mask becomes infected. Many of these masks are NOT designed for medical situations and have front-venting exhalation ports that blast the wearer’s cooties right onto patients or other surfaces.

    Turns out that HEPA systems are designed for 0.01 microns but only if you buy ACTUAL HEPA cartridges, most filters for “HEPA” units rely on multiple passes through the filter to achieve removal.

    So the problem, and likely the thing that most caused the deaths, was Trump de-funding the CDC department tasked specifically with detection and response to coronaviruses.

    Alcohol doesn’t touch coronaviruses. France has found some strains that will survive 1 hour at 200°F.
    Coronaviruses are *not* ‘alive’, they are little encapsulated punji sticks of DNA. They survive up to 80 days in controlled environments and can be distributed globally inside commercial packaging.

    I doubt even the special department at the CDC was fully ready for this one.

    • “Swiss chief physician Pietro Vernazza
      The Swiss chief physician of Infectiology, Professor Pietro Vernazza, has published four new articles on studies concerning Covid19.

      The first article is about the fact that there has never been medical evidence for the efficacy of school closures, as children in general do not develop the Covid disease nor are they among the vectors of the virus (unlike with influenza).

      The second article is about the fact that respiratory masks generally have no detectable effect, with one exception: sick people with symptoms (notably coughing) can reduce the spread of the virus. Otherwise the masks are rather symbolic or a „media hype“.”

      • Richard, who is reliably wrong about everything, says masks do not work except where worn by sick people with the symptoms, whose coughs and sneezes even the most basic mask will prevent from circulating. But one does not necessarily know that one has the virus. One could spread it inadvertently. That is why everyone should wear masks in public, as the South Korean chief of public health has made clear.

        • “Richard, who is reliably wrong about everything” Mr Moncton in his wisdom is now criticizing The Swiss chief physician of Infectiology, Professor Pietro Vernazza .

          “The Swiss chief physician of Infectiology, Professor Pietro Vernazza, has published four new articles on studies concerning Covid19′

          “The second article is about the fact that respiratory masks generally have no detectable effect, with one exception: sick people WITH symptoms (notably coughing) can reduce the spread of the virus. Otherwise the masks are rather symbolic or a „media hype“.

    • In 2018 and 2019 Trump asked for increases in spending for emerging infectious diseases, Congress passed larger increases and Trump signed those budgets.

    • I am somewhat puzzled by Prjindigo’s report that the Covid-19 virus is small at 0.125 microns thus purportedly rendering most masks unable to prevent its inhalation as they are designed to stop particles 0.3 microns and larger

      Yet tThe argument for the 1.5 metres social distancing was made on the basis that the virus was relatively “large and heavy” and could not be borne in an aerosol and thus would “fall to the ground” within that space if maintained between people.
      Can you shed any light on this apparent contradiction please?

  11. A much higher percentage of severe cases of Covid-19 among men than among women indicate some role for male sex hormones, in particular 5-alphahydrotestosterone (DHT). In that case, you should think about the use of Sabal Palm Extract by men.

    • OMG. I call BS.
      Really Ren? How do you narrow it down to such a specific factor like DHT when there are likely dozens of very real differences both social and genetic between men and women?
      Stop the BS. Stop the snake oil selling.

    • It appears that women are not prescribed ACE inhibitors (ACEi) and ARBs nearly as much as men are, especially women who can become, or are, pregnant, where they are contraindicated.

      ACEI-induced cough is twice as common in women as in men, which suggests other treatments are used, as is done in E Asia countries because E Asians experience a similar side effect; calcium channel blockers are the first-line treatment in those countries instead of ACE inhibitors.

      Diuretics appear to be used in elderly individuals.

  12. As far as masks and other PPE goes with this +strand RNA respiratory virus that is very contagious … a virus that likely escaped out of a BSL 3+ or 4 level of containment measures in Wuhan China with personnel with various levels of PPE training. A virus that likely was circulating for multiples of weeks in each location before health authorities took note.

    Does anyone really think Joe-Blow the average guy who has never been taught how to wear an N95 mask (or handkerchief or any mask) on his face can stop this?

    • So you are saying that the Head of Medicine of South Korea, who has been through 3 epidemics and controlled both the SARS and COVID19 ones actually doesn’t know what he is talking about?

      Because he says that it is ESSENTIAL that everybody wear Face Masks, Glasses and Gloves when outside of their own homes.
      Have you not watched his video?

      • Mr O’Bryan does not understand the elementary epidemiology of containment. As the South Korean chief of public health explains it, face-coverings are not perfect, but they do pose a considerable barrier to the virus, particularly by intercepting particles that would otherwise be emitted by the wearer’s coughs and sneezes. To control a pandemic of this kind, wearing masks in public makes obvious sense. It is simply not appropriate or prudent to be reckless.

        • To avoid a pandemic of this kind don’t slaughter animals in unhygienic ways.

          People wearing mask drive me nuts.
          When I see an Asian person wearing a mask it triggers my insular cortex and amygdala causing disgust/fear/anger. It just happens it’s natural.

        • This COVID really wears you down.
          When we analyse disease burden simple things such as headache and backache are some of the highest burden on western society.
          Health wise the sum of the individual stress of millions of citizens may be a greater disease burden than COVID 19 deaths

  13. I would not compare death rates just yet. Those of us in the Southern Hemisphere who have partially strangled the outbreak may be in for a second whammy come our winter flu season. Random testing in NZ is showing very low infection rates. But, there is enough community transmission to explode if the conditions are right

    If this is a persistent virus it will keep going, one way or another, until herd immunity is near-saturated

    I remain of the view that season and temperature is a prime influence

    This show ain’t over yet, by a long shot

  14. CMofB

    It is these meetings that are intended to be the gathering-place for information garnered by Britain’s various intelligence services around the world, under the aegis of the Prime Minister and the Chief of the Joint Intelligence Committee. Had Mr Johnson attended those meetings, he would perhaps have intervened to do something about the then-alarming daily case-growth rate at least a month earlier than he did.

    I assume you have the read the minutes, then? Johnson does have a number of ministers who deputise for him and presumably he will be aware of the meeting agenda. The suggestion that the PM needs to attend every single meeting to know what’s being reported is ridiculous.

    The rest of this post is in the same vein. There is good reason to keep the hospital and community deaths separate.

    1. Hospital deaths have actually been tested for Covid-19 so they are those that have died from the TESTED population.
    2. Community/ Care Home deaths have not been tested. They are not part of the Test numbers.
    3. Hospital deaths give a clear consistent dataset which enables policy makers to assess the success or otherwise of any interventions.
    4. ONS figures are based on death registrations which lag reported hospital deaths.

    Considering that the whole purpose of any intervention strategy is to prevent the healthcare system becoming overwhelmed it is the hospital numbers are of immediate interest.

    Regarding your suggestion that Johnson should have intervened “a month earlier than he did”. The UK government issued the ‘lockdown’ instructions on March 20th. A month earlier would have been before Italy or Spain had taken measures and before the UK had any evidence of community spread. While there were a handful of cases in the UK these has all contracted the virus abroad. Most of Europe considered Covid-19 as low risk in the early part of the year.

    The post is simply a rant.

    • Good point about deaths in care homes – these are usually not tested though there is an anomalous increase I reckon (compared with baseline from previous years for the same weeks) what suggests covid underneath.

      As per earlier action I understand His Lordness differently – he’s not advocating strict lockdown in the UK in January, he’s advocating early mass testing, contact tracing and travel restrictions, in short bring here South Korea approach. And in this BoJo failed miserably. Lockdowns are only necessary when this preferable approach failed and virus spread is out of control.

      • The UK did early testing. That’s how they knew that the first few cases had contracted the virus abroad and it was via contact tracing that they knew that there was community spread on Feb 28th.

        It is true they had trouble sourcing test kits so mass testing was difficult but the real problem for the UK (and NY and to a lesser extent Madrid & Milan) was the outbreak in London. This would have been like looking for a needle in a haystack even with a mobile fully-equipped testing unit.

        The 2 countries who appear to have been most successful on testing are South Korea and Germany but both of these countries ‘enjoyed’ an element of luck. South Korea, in particular, found around 2/3 of their early 8k cases were among a religious sect. They tested all 210,000 members of a secretive group who were effectively semi-self isolating anyway. I’d argue that SK never really experienced an outbreak.

        Germany also discovered a significant single source of infection from those returning from Skiing trips. This gave them a strong lead on further cases but, credit to them, they got on the front foot and stayed there.

        I still believe, though, there probably are a number of confounding factors that we don’t fully understand yet. For example What is happening in Belarus. Nothing has been cancelled. There was a full league programme of football on Saturday. The President has advised the people to drink vodka and take regular saunas ( backed by science as it happens) to ward off the virus. Belarus has recorded 5 deaths per million – Germany’s has 55 deaths per million. Poland & Ukraine have also got off pretty lightly.

        The epicentre has tended to track across western Europe.

        • Belarus has recorded 5 deaths per million…

          Recorded and had are two different things. You can’t trust any figures out of Belarus. It is a bizarre half-communist dictatorship. The most interesting thing that will come out of Belarus, which they won’t be able to hide, is whether COVID-19 will cause massive death or economic destruction. I predict neither.

        • In response to Mr Finn, the UK’s pandemic containment plan, unlike that of South Korea, was fatalistic: it assumed that containment would fail – which it duly did. In South Korea, the program of testing, isolation and contact-tracing was a great deal more vigorous than in the UK,, which is why it worked.

          Mr Finn, in drawing attention to Belarus, is failing to take account of considerations such as spare ICU capacity, which was nonexistent in the UK, and therefore obliged the UK to lock down so as to delay the transmission of the infection. Now that the lockdown has achieved its purpose, it can be slowly and carefully dismantled: but the UK, behind the curve as ever, has thus far failed and failed and failed again to reveal to the nation what steps it proposes to take to end the lockdown.

          • I’m not arguing against the lockdown. I’m simply suggesting there may be a number of confounding factors when comparing death rates.

    • Mr Finn has not, perhaps, attended a COBRA meeting. However, the purpose of such meetings is to exchange information and take decisions on important risks. The Prime Minister’s absenting himself from those meetings for five successive weeks is rightly and widely regarded in the UK with more than a little dismay. Reading the minutes after the meetings is no substitute for being there.

      And there is no good reason to keep hospital and community deaths separate. The South Koreans require every death of anyone infected to be reported immediately, so that proper decisions can be taken in a timely fashion. One understands that many commenters here have no experience in containing pandemics, but one of the iron rules of successful containment is accurate and up-to-date information, particularly about those who have recovered and those who have died. HM Government has not been keeping proper records of those who have recovered, and it has not put any system in place for immediate reporting of deaths that occur outside hospitals. These elementary steps would have been taken by any competent administration.

      And of course the Government should have intervened immediately. There should have been a proper system of testing, isolation of carriers and tracing of their contacts in place, and it should have been vigorously pursued with the aim of preventing the infection from spreading at all. This was not done. Once it was clear that it had not been done, the country should have been locked down a month earlier than it was. My household was locked down by the end of February, not by 23 March, the date when the Government finally got around to locking the country down. In the containment of pandemics, hours count, and one should certainly not dither for weeks, as HM Government did, while the experts on the activist and passivist sides of the debate continued futilely to wrangle.

      • 1. COBRA. Johnson has a full cabinet of presumably capable ministers at his disposable. From wikipedia

        The composition of a ministerial-level meeting in COBR depends on the nature of the incident but it is usually chaired by the Prime Minister or another senior minister,

        This is exactly as I understand it. PM is often absent if there is more pressing business to attend to. Brexit took priority earlier in the year.

        And there is no good reason to keep hospital and community deaths separate.

        There is. There would be no consistency. Hospital deaths are those that have been tested. Community deaths haven’t been tested. There is at least a 10 day lag between ONS reported deaths and the hospital deaths. Mortality is a key indicator of the response to interventions. To keep lumping community deaths from a fortnight previously in with hospital deaths distorts the picture.

        In fact I’m not sure you fully appreciate the lag in the hospital deaths. It now looks as though the mortality peak was on April 8th – but for London it was 4 days earlier. Given that the average time between infection and death is at least 3 weeks and that the UK lockdown began on March 23rd it’s just possible the lockdown was unnecessary.

        • There would be no consistency. Hospital deaths are those that have been tested. Community deaths haven’t been tested. There is at least a 10 day lag between ONS reported deaths and the hospital deaths. Mortality is a key indicator of the response to interventions.

          I’ve heard ONS is compiling and will release some fresh data later this week so we shall see. From what I’ve heard from today update they estimate hospitals deaths account for 8-9 out of 10 covid related deaths. If that’s correct that lives the question about increase in ‘community deaths’. Before today update there was an interview with a lady from the Imperial College – she indicated there is a surge in non-covid related ‘community deaths’ again calling people not to be afraid calling for help if needed. If that’s confirmed it’s concerning. We hear continuously how many lives lockdown is saving what is great. For the full picture we should also hear how many people lockdown is killing.

          • Yeah, looks like there is a surge in deaths across the UK:

            The Office for National Statistics said there were 18,500 deaths in the week up to 10 April – around 10,000 more than is normal at this time of year.

            More than 6,200 were linked to coronavirus, a sixth of which were outside of hospital.

            But deaths from other causes also increased, suggesting the lockdown may be having an indirect impact on health.

            Nick Stripe, head of health analysis, said they were trying to understand what had been happening with this increase in non-coronavirus deaths.

            He said it could be that people with other illnesses were avoiding going to hospital treatment – visits to A&E have halved since the pandemic started.

            But he added it could “take years to work out”.

            Coronavirus: Number dying hits 20-year high
            ———
            So yes, that confirms that lockdown is saving some lives. And is killing other lives.

  15. A theory about why ‘large gatherings’ and ‘super spreading’ could be combined: by aerosols.

    Large gatherings (churches, stadiums, huge parties etc.) often know loud speaking and / or singing. What happens when singing or when speaking loud is that air is forced between vocal cords under higher than normal pressure. Theory: high pressure and high speed in ‘narrow spaces’ (vocal cords) could easily lead to the formation of VERY SMALL droplets that easily can form aerosols.

    In case of sneezing smaller droplets are formed as well: also in high pressure circumstances: https://youtu.be/vBvFkQizTT4?t=41 (some minutes)

    It has been proven that aerosols remain a long time in the air, potentially infecting a lot of people: super spreading.

  16. How much I believe about this disease is hard to quantify, however Sweden is not locking everyone down and they are not, so far, experiencing catastrophe. This makes me doubt Britain is out of line with other European countries unless the population here have less natural immunity that other countries. There maybe some substance to that notion as we have a substantial percentage of our nation who eat too much, hardly ever exercise and look as if hygiene is not something they necessarily care about.

    Laying this aside what must confuse, well it does me, is how deaths are being recorded, especially those that are going to occur anyway. People die everyday from a myriad of causes, so not every death, even if the individual has contracted COVID-19, can be laid at the door of this disease. Many would have died if we had a bad flu epidemic. This assessment makes the reaction to the epidemic frightening given the damage it must do to the economy, not least because next winter we need to have enough food, a concern as Britain only supplies little more than 55% of its own needs. If the world economy is damaged we might not be able to get enough supply!

  17. “As the South Koreans have discovered, it is far from clear for how long the immunity acquired by those who have recovered from the infection will persist. Until that central question is answered, it cannot be safely assumed that population-wide immunity will be rapidly or effectively acquired.”

    That is important question.
    Hmm. You could say you are not going to get the question answered, soon enough.
    And there number other questions, you aren’t going to get answered, soon enough.
    In terms of lockdown, I think events will overcome it, and the rational process of getting the answers
    to questions will be later- or too late to help with planning issue of leaving the lockdown
    Or doubtful Italy going to have the answer, they going to get out of lockdown fairly soon,
    And it looks like Sweden is going to solve their Chinese virus problem, fairly soon.

    Roughly it seem Sweden new daily cases has leveling off for about week, and roughly could continue to
    level off in another week. Sweden death per million is 152 and likely it will reach 200 per million
    in one week. Or Sweden total is 1,540 and be total around 2000 in a week, is not type of exponential
    which one use a lockdown to stop. Or if looks much worst than that, in few days, additional social distancing might be needed. Or if much better than that within 5 days {unlikely} Sweden’s plan worked, and less than 200 deaths per million could happen period of another month.Or terms of 1/2 year it’s unlikely death million will be less then 200 per million. Sweden has 450 critical ill and unless Sweden has treatment which more successful than is typical [maybe better ways using ventilators or stuff like that} that number will result in more death being added without addition of new cases.
    Italy has 2,635 critical ill but has 6 times Sweden population, so, per million close to Sweden.
    UK has less critical ill per million, but has +5,850 new cases which is significantly more than Sweden or Italy per million. And would be a lot more new cases {it seems obvious without lockdown and more death].
    But I think UK cities can get more out lockdown and sooner than compared to areas of low population density- or failed idea getting herd immunity would allow more “herd immunity” in cities.
    Though don’t know how such immunity “works”. But it seems like Sweden was a guinea pig, Italy appears willing to be one. And assuming experiments work, UK could leave lock down in about 2 weeks, assuming it does not want to join the experiment as quickly.
    But regardless of how UK government takes “action” it will done in about 2 weeks.

    But in terms long term problems related to it, the important questions should answered.
    And maybe in terms other global regional problems with virus, those important questions can answered
    quick enough.

  18. Milord,

    Good to see that infection rate is gradually falling, thanks for these reports. With respect to Ferguson – didn’t he talk about large outside gatherings as sport events? Your example is inside gathering, supposedly much more dangerous. As far as I can see your recommended strategy would be take back control over the virus now (through strict quarantines) and then employ South Korean approach? What concerns me is if ‘herd immunity’ is fool’s hope that means South Korean approach has to stay in place permanently. No sport events, no concerts, no church gatherings (Apocalypse now?). And total government control over activity of the citizens.

    • “What concerns me is if ‘herd immunity’ is fool’s hope that means South Korean approach has to stay in place permanently. No sport events, no concerts, no church gatherings (Apocalypse now?). And total government control over activity of the citizens.”

      Well probably not a fool’s hope, I say instead it’s working, question is how well is it working, and how long does it work. If really crazy about it, you could try storing a lot antibodies. But don’t know antibodies in blood have anything to do the surface of throat which is infected. Though it seems to me you have answer, why there is antibodies in the blood. But anyhow, it seem the S Korea is “doomed” unless they get a vaccine, but vaccine seems same problem as herd immunity.
      But S Korea not “doomed” because they have time, they could find solution, AND/OR they could “lock up” those most likely to get seriously ill and die from virus, and serious illness and death is low for normal healthy population. Or find out who is seriously affected, and isolate them. And other though people it’s less of problem. Of course there other fears, like repeated exposure over the years can add more problems. But we seem to somewhat know, that serious illness could/probably cause longer term health problems. In that case, S Korea looks like only winner, well, Japan doing ok, and so far, so, is India.

      • Japan is doing bit tighter lockdowns right now, India implemented draconian lockdowns few weeks ago with 4 hour notice to wider population. The whole point is how to avoid that, keep economy more or less running and at the same time keep virus spread under control. And here South Korea and Taiwan are shining examples. Surprisingly Sweden too, though they’ve got much higher rate of deaths per population. But one Swede elaborated on that – initially they did awful job in protecting care homes what now pushes mortality much higher. Not sure though if this explanation is reliable.

  19. From a comment posted on the Tony Heller site, “Things are going to get better”
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfN2JWifLCY
    This interview with one of Sweden’s and Europe’s more respected medical professors, is worth the 34 mins run time.
    I would also recommend reading Tony Heller’s updates which is where I found the Swedish clip. The comments section is a rich hunting ground for worthwhile additional information.
    We still have no reliable test for Covid 19 antibodies.

    • –From a comment posted on the Tony Heller site, “Things are going to get better”
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfN2JWifLCY

      I listen to 1/2 of it. Roughly I agree with what he says.
      But .1 Percentage is higher than I think it is. But he didn’t give a time period
      1 percentage of US is 3.2 million, and .1 is 320,000 but I assume he giving a high number,
      so he is not wrong. And he could be assuming no mitigation is done. Sweden is doing lots of
      mitigation. Sweden has pop of 10 million, 1% is 100,000 and .1 is 10,000. And currently Sweden has 1,540 deaths. And I think fair to say if Sweden got 6000 deaths, the public would change it’s mind.
      And I said above I think Sweden will get 200 deaths per million, which is .02 percentage.
      But I am giving upper limit, it’s just what think is likely. I would not surprised if .05 percentage
      or 500 per million. I don’t think anyone would say Belgium with 490 deaths per million will have less than 500 per million. Though it’s possible Belgium has miscounted it’s 490 per million number.
      But no sane Belgium politician would claim without have good evident that 490 number could be miscounted. But months later, it might be corrected.
      But Sweden only has it’s buses 1/2 full and has no subways, that a significant mitigation vs New York City
      or London. Plus Sweden isolated it’s vulnerable population- which is what Governor of Florida did and Florida has less strict lockdown type stuff. And Florida has 38 deaths per million and Sweden has 152 deaths per million, and if Florida maintains it’s isolation of vulnerable population, it probably will not have as much as 152 deaths per million. I think Florida warmer weather is a mitigation. Or people aren’t stupid if they retire to Florida- despite the hurricanes.
      I think the doctor listens to, too much CNN.

      • Mr Baikie makes a number of important points. Like him, I hope that Sweden’s limited-lockdown strategy works: at present, its rate of increase in deaths is among the fastest that I am recording.

        Also, now that the lockdowns have worked in those countries that implemented them (in Britain, for instance, the health service would have been overwhelmed if the country had not been locked down), we can learn from both South Korea and Sweden and begin to end our lockdowns.

        However, it is not yet possible to compare total deaths as a fraction of population between different countries, not least because the infection began at different dates in various countries, and one must allow for this before making direct comparisons.

        • Milord,

          I hope that Sweden’s limited-lockdown strategy works: at present, its rate of increase in deaths is among the fastest that I am recording.

          Death is one counter. Another is however situation in hospitals – lockdowns were aimed predominantly to save hospitals from overloading. Looks like such overloading is not happening in Sweden. This country is truly big experimental zone. Very different strategy than South Korea or Taiwan but may be equally efficient in the longer run – no-one said that there is one and only one canonical strategy for everyone.

  20. You probably need to go to cartridge style respirators to actually filter viruses. Probably explains why so many front line personnel have been infected.

    The n95 masks are probably fine so long as you don’t wear them too long. But pretty soon the droplettes the mask captures are going to evaporate as you breathe, freeing the viruses to travel thru the mask.

  21. Somebody explain the plan here. The virus is so infectious that one infected person can generate a global pandemic. So, since we can’t ever eradicate the virus completely, we are thus doomed to practice social distancing, with its inherent crippling of economic activity, forever.? Is that the plan? Like, nobody’s ever going to kiss anybody ever again, let alone eat in a restaurant or go to hockey game?

    Come on, come on, come on. The virus exhibits different symptoms in different people, and most people either don’t get sick or get a mild illness that clears up. Some people die, but most of those are very, very old. (Do you know anybody who is eighty? I know quite a few, and none is able-bodied, and most are near death.) At a certain point we’re just going to have to sacrifice the people who are vulnerable to death from COVID-19, in the same way that we sacrifice an expected number of people to death from motor vehicle accidents. That’s the inevitability here.

    How is death from COVID-19 worse than death from anything else that kills old people every day?

    • Ian C., Your tone of impatience is very understandable to me. After all, the very title of the current head posting indicates disappointment in those very experts whose advice we’ve been effectively following through the whole lock down or business shutdown scenario in most countries. At the same time, there seems to be a general presumption with many of the commentators here (the head poster, Lord Monckton, included) that it is a *good* thing to have followed the official advice, because it is all so appropriately precautionary you know!

      It appears that in the face of any virus whose spread is seen as ‘novel’, some sort of arbitrary and/or extreme lock down is now required, with other costs or other increased risks being no object.

      Probably the worst aspect of some of the comments here, I think, is all the hand wringing over how much *more* should have been done so much *sooner*. Granted, China shouldn’t have lied about the start of it, shouldn’t have covered up or silenced it’s own health professionals. At the same time, if the ‘risk vs benefits’ discussion could have started sooner, maybe the biggest potential benefit of that would have been that the response could have been significantly more *deliberative*.

      I mean, say, talk over what to do, maybe even take time out for a whole week or ten days of global debate on the more disruptive kinds of measures contemplated (sacrilege, I know, people debating whether to embark on draconian measures). Wouldn’t that have been a better approach, instead of just whaling away with great sounding, but horrendously socially and fiscally disruptive, ‘business shut down’ measures?

    • In response to Mr Coleman and Mr Blenkinsop, lockdowns were necessary because otherwise hospital systems would have been overwhelmed, and most governments were rightly unwilling to allow that to happen.

      Now that the primary purpose of the locdowns – preventing the collapse of hospital systems – has been achieved, the lockdowns can be, and are being, carefully dismantled.

      But it should not be assumed that this virus is harmless just because it chiefly kills old people. It remains dangerous, and we are going to have to be rather careful until a vaccine is found.

      • Christopher
        You said, “… lockdowns were necessary because otherwise hospital systems would have been overwhelmed, ….” That was the assumption that rationalized the lockdowns. However, where was the public discussion about whether social distancing alone might have been adequate?

    • I take issue with several assertions in this post by Ian Coleman

      First “that people over eighty are not able -bodied and most are near death”
      Well some are but not all are so decrepit
      I am eighty- five with current blood pressure 117 on 67 with pulse 55 I can do fifteen push ups I do regular bush walks and can still run repeat sprints

      Then we have ” most people either don’t get sick or get a mild illness that clears up” ( from the Covid -19 virus)
      This naive idea that the corona virus is really just another form of flu which will only carry away the most health- afflicted geriatrics already near death is dangerously ill informed

      First it is not only geriatrics who are health -afflicted Unfortunately chronic diseases such as diabetes , asthma and hypertension are prevalent throughout a wide range of age groups These diseases are considered to predispose sufferers to be at enhanced risk from Covid -19

      Furthermore we have just seen a report on TV here in Australia of an Aussie medico working in NYC who was saying that this virus is producing some unexpected bad effects in patients not seen in influenza infections, notably vascular diseases including strokes and brain damage, and that in early middle age people.
      There is so much we do not know about this virus eg does surviving it provide immunity and if so for how long?-or Can people be reinfected?
      and if the answers are respectively No and Yes then the so -called “herd immunity ” argument starts to look questionable.
      Is it in fact transmissible through aerosols? Initially it was said not to be but more recently some scientists are now not so sure

      Last “do we sacrifice an expected number of people to death from motor vehicle accidents as Mr Coleman suggests?
      I don’t know what the US numbers look like, but here in the state of Victoria in Australia we have reduced the annual road deaths from around 1000 to about 450 with now three times the traffic by a range of measures such as tough drink and drug driving testing and punishment, compulsory seats belts, mandatory vehicle safety changes, improved road design, and speed and intersection cameras
      So we don’t just sacrifice people as suggested but at least here public policy is to work assiduously to progressively reduce road deaths both in their rate and absolute numbers.

  22. Christopher – I agree with you on pretty much everything, other than the point about how we should let the virus go through society (herd immunity). Analysis of available datasets shows this is very infectious with an overall mortality about 0.5%. Weighted towards the older generations unfortunately for them. From Diamond Princess and also Italian death stats in hospitals. The corollary is that it has also spread very far and wide and obviously fast.

    Now it is uncertain if any longer term immunity can be acquired. If it can we need to get minimise the time everyone is locked up. And if it can’t, then the question is ‘now what do we do ?’. We are just going to have to learn to live with it.

    Either way, as Trump said, we can’t let the cure be worse than the problem, so we need to get everyone back to normal as fast as possible.

    • “Either way, as Trump said, we can’t let the cure be worse than the problem, so we need to get everyone back to normal as fast as possible.”

      Effective antivirals is how it is ‘lived with’. Until we have these it is wiped it out with isolation, and kept out via borders, and the sure-fire and fail-safe practice of a quarantine period.

      That way a traveler with CHICOM-19 fails, and not the economy and people in the country they elect to travel to.

    • In response to ImranCan, I too am in favor of unwinding lockdowns as soon as it is sensible to do so. However, the discovery that “herd immunity” may not be available to us is bad news. It removes the only credible excuse not to have lockdowns in those countries whose medical facilities would otherwise have been overwhelmed.

      Unless a vaccine can be found, we are going to have to be careful with this particular pathogen. Notwithstanding the clamor from some commenters here for all restrictions to be ended, on the frequently-stated ground that this is no worse than the annual flu, the British data, from all three regions of the United Kingdom, show a sharp spike in excess deaths in the past two or three weeks – indeed, the worst such spike since modern records began 15 years ago. The spike is so startling that the Professor of the Public Understanding of Statistics at Cambridge has said that even he, who has seen everything and is not usually caught by surprise, was startled by it.

      Anyone following our case-growth and death-growth graphs here would not have been thus surprised, for it is clear that this pathogen is a lot nastier than some had at first thought. It will, however, soon be possible to ease the lockdowns in most countries, since their primary purpose – preventing the healthcare systems and hospitals from being overwhelmed – has largely been achieved.

      • “the British data, from all three regions of the United Kingdom, show a sharp spike in excess deaths in the past two or three weeks – indeed, the worst such spike since modern records began 15 years ago.”

        You mean the lockdown caused a spike? So we can’t stop the lockdown?

  23. I live in France and, personally, I don’t pay so much attention to SARS-CoV-2 (coronavirus) numbers and statistics, as they’re obviously an approximation.
    We all know by now, that neither the number of the coronavirus infected that are published (daily!) in France and the different countries mean a damn thing, nor the coronavirus deaths (equally published daily!!!) mean anything at all. They are both approximations, and I will let the experts decide as to what the numbers really are later, perhaps in a year or so, when they will have enough data to filter the garbage input.

    Nevertheless, what *everybody* (well, almost everybody) believes, including WHO, is that the coronavirus is a serious threat to human life. Serious enough, to halt all normal social activity, including business.
    Unfortunately, in France, the numbers don’t match with this belief. I don’t mean the SARS-CoV-2 numbers, no: I mean the global death rates do not show any threat at all.

    What the global death statistics show is that every year there’re clearly two seasons of death rates: Summer (from April to September) and winter (from October to March). In France, summer AVERAGE DAILY death rates are around 1500 and winter they are around 1750. In other words, every year you have about 250 average deaths every day.

    Of course, these are average season death rates, and they are *obviously* due to the “seasonal” respiratory infections. When you get into the details, every year, the pattern is identical: You have a peak that lasts two months, then death rates get rapidly back to normal. Sometimes, there’s just one high peak, sometimes there’re two smaller ones. The months that the peak starts depend probably on the weather and/or other causes, I’m not sure (I am not an epidemiologist, after all).

    Here are the statistics of the average daily deaths per month for the last six years in France, including the latest (finalized) March-2020 numbers as given by the INSEE:
    https://i.postimg.cc/PJ7ythjt/France-Daily-deaths-March.png

    So, I repeat, when I look at these stats, I struggle to see how (or where) this coronavirus “disaster” is represented in the global deaths. Because it is not. There’s no trace of it!
    What I see, is an average, predictable, “normal” death-rate picture.

    Statistical fact: Every single year, 50% of the deaths in France are of people above 83 years old. Accidental deaths are negligible.

    I wonder what the numbers in the UK are. But I doubt they are much different. 😊

      • Thank you.

        I agree that we should monitor closely its progress. Nevertheless, let’s bear in mind that March 2020 was (in France) the peak month.

  24. Dear Christopher,

    Your “cumulative confirmed cases” graphs are completely daft! For a start they are based on PCR* tests that can only tell you if the person has the virus at that moment. It can not tell you if they’ve had the virus or not. That is a different test, an antibody or serology test. They are two different and unique tools that tell you two unique things, if you have it or if you’ve had it!

    So.. if you don’t have it (According to PCR) you might have had it (According to serology) yet, if you haven’t had it, you might have it right now or you might get it! 😉

    The current figures are next to useless accept for sexing up death rates. We are only testing the symptomatic, a narrow and in most countries highly government regulated sample of the population i.e. those who are seriously ill already or those who report themselves sick, have travelled recently or fit other high risk categories.

    Neither test can tell you if the person is currently sick, was sick or will become sick from the virus!
    The vast majority of the reported dead world wide are figures conflated by comorbidities.

    Personally and to make my own rather heterodox perspective clear, I genuinely wonder – when or if the smoke clears – if we will ever even find a single person who can be demonstrated to have died of COVID-19 – the disease – with the single cause being a SARS-CoV-2 viral infection with no underlying comorbidities.**

    Now, can we please turn our attention back to the biggest worldwide financial collapse in history!

    IMHO the crony virus is a vicious but clever way for our elites to claim plausible deniability for blowing up the world economy… yet again! This time the result will be murder on an unimaginable scale and the number of deaths will make COVID-19 a byword for insignificant!

    *PCR In the main because of very little serology testing to date and accepting that PCR are 100% accurate; which they aren’t.
    **And not caused by some other “novel” pathogen or biological weapon.

    • Whether this is a biological weapon needs to be fully explored.

      That China did much to hide the problem and destroy evidence is suspicious. Is this just China’s normal level of deceit or something worse?

    • In response to Mr Bennett, the most important number in any new epidemic is the compound daily rate of cumulative confirmed cases, for the confirmed cases tend to be those which are most at risk of death. In most countries, that compound daily growth rate remains far too high for comfort, but it is coming down, not only because governments have imposed lockdowns but also because people have themselves been learning that it pays to be cautious.

      One of Britain’s most eminent statisticians has been shocked to find that excess mortality in Britain in the past couple of weeks has been worse than at any time since current records began. Anyone following the daily growth rate in cumulative confirmed cases will not have been surprised.

      Elementary epidemiology dictates that in the early stages of a new pandemic the daily growth rate will be exponential. Had the daily growth rate of 20% that prevailed in the three weeks to March 13 continued even for a few more weeks, the consequences would have been catastrophic. Fortunately, both governments and peoples realized that shrugging off this particular pathogen as though it were merely a flu virus was not a safe course to take.

      The daily graphs here are now showing that – though the daily growth rates remain far too high for comfort – they are no longer in the global-catastrophe zone. Therefore, lockdowns are being dismantled. It is interesting to see how effective these graphs have been in showing first that the daily growth rates were dangerously high and then that, as the world began to get to grips with the pandemic, the growth rates have shown a firm downtrend.

      It is neither fair nor sensible, therefore, to consider the graphs as “daft”.

  25. I am now officially baffled. It seems to be true that coronavirus isn’t much worse than the flu. It is also true that it has overwhelmed medical systems and led to unnecessary deaths.

    The only thing I have concluded is that the authorities treat the deaths of senior citizens at the hands of the regular flu much too lightly. As it was with SARS, this kind of disease doesn’t become a ‘big deal’ until medical care workers start dying.

    • A big part of the problem is that doctors are trying to treat an illness they don’t understand, but treat it like they do. That has caused ICU ventilator capacity to be overwhelmed. But that is actually a good thing because it forced doctors to explore other less invasive options that are proving less fatal to patients.

    • I see that CommieBob, having made the mistake (surprisingly common in comments here) of assuming that the Chinese virus is no worse than the annual flu, has checked the data and has found that it is considerably worse than the annual flu. It is both more infectious and more fatal. That is why governments were right to take a cautious approach until we learn a little more about it.

      • The tell for me was Ecuador where “The result is overwhelmed hospitals, morgues, funeral homes and cemeteries.” link

        It blows my mind that, in the face of all the above, some folks can continue to make excuses that things are proceeding as normal in Ecuador, or that the government’s response is totally responsible for the disaster.

  26. “On the climate question, the totalitarians told us we must believe, just believe the experts. As a hard-headed British engineer once defined it: “Expert: x, an unknown quantity; spurt, a drip under pressure.” On the Chinese virus, we are told the same.”

    Yes sir.
    The parallels are many and climate science intends to use the fear of the virus to sell the climate.
    Pls see
    https://tambonthongchai.com/2020/04/19/corona-sells-climate/

  27. interesting paper from the NIH.

    “All influenza A pandemics since that time (1918-19), and indeed almost all cases of influenza A worldwide (excepting human infections from avian viruses such as H5N1 and H7N7), have been caused by descendants of the 1918 virus, … making the 1918 virus indeed the “mother” of all pandemics”

  28. The worst of all the pieces of bad advice handed down by the “experts” is the idea that the best way to deal with this pandemic is to let as many people as possible get the infection and acquire what they chillingly call “herd immunity”.

    Two questions:
    1. Why does it appear to me that the overwhelming number of “experts” want maximum isolation and minimum social contact – even for months? This does not appear to be promoting a quick development of herd immunity.
    2. Is it really “the worst of all pieces of bad advice” for large numbers of healthy adults and children (perhaps 80% of the population) to be exposed and quickly gain immunity?

    Social welfare for the poor is affordable when there is high employment and generous wages.
    Social welfare when there is high unemployment is an unmitigated disaster – especially if most of the economy is shut down. If the politicians and the medical advisors and experts had to take massive pay cuts and have the threat of losing their jobs, they would be responding very differently.

  29. ‘ The worst of all the pieces of bad advice handed down by the “experts” is the idea that the best way to deal with this pandemic is to let as many people as possible get the infection and acquire what they chillingly call “herd immunity”. ‘

    I wish I too had the gift of clairvoyance giving me fore-knowledge as to how this crisis will turn out in terms of the numbers and the optimal way of ensuring minimal final death rate in such circumstances. Those of us not so gifted will sadly have to resort to merely weighing up evidence and listening to informed debate while resisting the temptation to decide on the winner before the race is over.

    Perhaps I’m wrong but a) has anyone suggested that we let as many people as possible get the infection – qualification and b) given the presence of the virus, past or present, in asymptomatic people, isn’t it extremely likely that this virus will never leave us but join with the other influenza viruses to form part of our vast ecosystem?

    • In response to Miha, the UK’s chief scientific officer said in an early Government press conference that he wanted everyone to acquire “herd immunity” – he actually used these words in the press conference. International scorn greeted his remarks and, within 24 hours, the Government had had to repudiate them.

      He had not realized that it is not yet clear that the immunity acquired when clearing the infection will endure. Some cases in South Korea, where there has been rapid reinfection, suggest otherwise. Till more is known, taking the risk of allowing the pandemic to spread unchecked would be irresponsible.

  30. “Professor Giesecke was the first Chief Scientist of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control and an advisor to the World Health Organisation’s director general.

    Professor Johan Giesecke said he had never seen an unpublished non-peer-reviewed paper have so much impact on government policy. He estimates that the fatality rate of this coronavirus will be similar to that of the flu – something in the region of 0.1%. He describes Covid 19 as a `mild disease’, similar to the flu”

    • Richard continues to fail to put himself in the mind of a responsible government. HM Government had for some weeks been having discussions with scientists on both sides of the lockdown debate, including Professor Ferguson. Since hours count in the early stages of any pandemic, the Government could not afford the luxury of waiting till the Professor’s paper had been peer-reviewed. It was already beginning to run out of vital supplies of everything from ICU beds to ventilators to masks, gloves and gowns for doctors and nurses.

      The excess-mortality statistics in the UK show very clearly that, over the last few weeks, there has been a sharp spike in excess mortality – well above even the worst annual flu in recent decades. So those – however well qualified – who try to maintain that this virus is no worse than the annual flu are already being proven wrong by events.

      • Yep, 500,000 did the trick- lock down. Now with new data coming out hopelessly wrong.

        Still no numbers from , Mr Monckton, on those who died “with” or “of” the disease.

        Mr Monckton would been seen as not a credible witness.

      • Thanks, Lord Monckton for the replies to concerns raised here. We should definitely bear in mind the pressures on representatives of responsible government these days, especially when confronted with a novel pandemic whose ultimate mortality rates are unknown.

        Expanding a bit on how little is known, South Korea gets highlighted a lot, as a successful effort at tracking and containing the spread of the pandemic, and all without shutting down most businesses, apparently. You could argue that South Korea might well be the ‘wave of the future’ in dealing with these things, and I’m willing to listen to that idea. But then, how did we in the West get convinced that the route of relatively ineffective and economically terrible business shutdowns was the way to go? Is there any lesson at all to be learned in that, or not?

        Given that South Korea shows some evidence of a successful approach, the ultimate effect or necessity of what they are doing there still isn’t totally clear. Until very recently, Japan was doing at least as well without taking those same measures, although I understand that Japan’s leaders are really concerned about the current spike in cases there. Playing the numbers game, Japan currently has about 9400 cases, a generally ‘large’ sounding number of cases, and doubtless increasing.

        But, wait now, just wait, Japan has over 136 *million* people! That means this ever so upsetting number, 9400 cases, ‘cases soaring to the heights’, justifying goodness knows what measures, all of this amounts to about *80* confirmed cases counted up, per *million* persons so far! So just on current data, and understanding that “it gets worse before it gets better”, surely you would want to be circumspect about how much punishment to dish out to the people, even with larger numbers of cases then that? I mean, just show some real concern on the workforce and economic levels, while finding ways of dealing with the ongoing pandemic — and don’t wreck half the livelihoods in the country? If really necessary, maybe find ways to monitor people ‘in bad times only’, while somehow guaranteeing that society will still come out with basic privacy rights and safeguards intact, and all without acting like a job killing “bull in a china shop” over it?

        At this point, likely someone or other is going to give me reassuring words that the lock downs are about to be phased out, and the economy will recover. All the while hinting of course, that if total numbers of cases — along with a significant body count — continue to rise then all the lock downs and fiscal meltdowns will come roaring right back?!

        What can I say but,

        “The Solution is Unsatisfactory”.

  31. One question I have is what are chances of being exposed to flu virus ? How many people in USA per year are exposed ? If the number is a low pct then deaths won’t be as high. Compare flu to possible exposure to Covid19. I suppose exposure depends on R0.

    Seems that because Covid19 spreads so fast it can overwhelm the hospitals even if the mortality rate is comparable to the flu.

    • “Seems that because Covid19 spreads so fast it can overwhelm the hospitals even if the mortality rate is comparable to the flu.”

      Exactly. Not only that but there is no or if we are lucky maybe a minuscule immunity in the population which means that even with a low mortality rate most people will get it, get sick and a lot die. More than with the flu because of the following reason:

      For influenza there is a lot of immunity present even for new strains because they are still related to each other. With every new infection during the seasonal wave over the years people are generating new antibodies which just by chance might work against new strains pretty efficiently. Researchers have found so called “superantibodies” that work against all of the most prevalent 16 influenza strains. This limits the spread through the population and decreases the mortality.

      There is no such thing for this family of corona viruses SARS-CoV-2 is part of.

      • There may be some immunity conferred from previous infections of other corona viruses. For example, why do the majority of those that become infected have mild or no symptoms?

        Furthermore, Asian countries in general seem to be in better shape despite the virus originating in China. This could be from wider, more recent exposure to a closer variant.

        Hospitals have only been overwhelmed in a few places. In the U.S., the health care system has largely been closed down. Routine screenings, procedures, etc., are not being done and this will have a negative effect.

        • “There may be some immunity conferred from previous infections of other corona viruses. For example, why do the majority of those that become infected have mild or no symptoms?”

          Because the immune system and regeneration capacity are in better shape in younger people. There are not only antibodies but other parts as well that prevent symptoms.

          If an immunity from previous infections would be a factor then we would not expect to see a spike in deaths in the group 15-64 years.

          Coronaviridae are comparable to mammals but then there are placentalia and marsupialia and they are related but not as close as wolf and dog. So it is very unlikely that the flu corona viruses grant any immunity to the SARS branch. Antibodies need at least some peptide homology to work on other viruses.

    • In response to Stevek, it is now known that the mortality rate of this infection is worse than that of the annual flu. See the latest excess-mortality data for the UK, for instance.

  32. If anyone is to blame for USA problem it is Dr Fauci.

    On Feb. 18 he states that the “hypothetical danger of coronavirus” to America was “just minuscule” compared to the “real and present danger” of the seasonal flu. Days later he finally changed his views

    https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2020/04/03/virus_experts_early_statements_belie_prescient_portrayal_142845.html

    Fauci is suppose to be the expert. We can’t blame Trump for not listening to the experts.

    Others on message boards I read were posting to shutdown all of USA border in January. I suspect these people were viewed as xenophobic, right wingers.

    At the Feb 19 Democrat debate Covid was not even mentioned.

    • At the Feb 19 Democrat debate Covid was not even mentioned.

      However, the Democrats and the mainstream media (“his master’s voice”) ignore the facts that while the first confirmed case in the US was on Jan 20 and first death on Feb 29, they expected their President to act like the very existence of the US was under threat before even a single person had died of the virus in the US. So why was the virus not even on the list of questions at the debate?

      • In response to Michael in Dublin, the first confirmed case of this new pathogen should have led governments to act at once to contain it, as South Korea and Taiwan did. Hours count. The faster one acts to test, isolate and contact-trace, the more likely it is that a lockdown can be prevented.

        • Christopher
          You said, “… the first confirmed case of this new pathogen should have led governments to act at once to contain it, …” I take it then that your advice to governments is to lockdown society every time a new pathogen presents itself, even when little or nothing is known about its behavior? I think that the world’s economic future will be very bumpy and uncertain should your advice be adopted.

          Sometimes losses are acceptable, such as when Churchill authorized a diversion to allow the troops stranded on the beach at Dunkirk to escape. It was generally accepted that sacrificing 4,000 to save 30,000 was an acceptable trade-off. Perhaps today we are less concerned about the bigger picture because we are focused on avoiding any loss of life.

  33. Great to see that definition of an ‘expert’ in the first paragraph of the article by Lord Monckton.

    It was spelled out to me and 400 odd other first year engineering students by the dean of engineering on day 1 of semester 1 of year 1.

    I still cringe when asked to provide ‘expert’ evidence in legal matters. Happy to offer some expertise but never characterise myself as an ‘expert’.

  34. There’s really not much new information now for several days other than a continuation of trends indicating that we are past the peak and a few dodgy studies tantalizing us with the possibility that regions now passing through a large peak may be approaching herd immunity (while simultaneously demonstrating that those regions that haven’t experienced a surge are potential powder kegs waiting to explode).

    We still don’t have any studies of serological testing for antibodies with valid, randomized, representative samples, especially in areas like New York where the “everybody’s got it” hypothesis could be tested. We still don’t have any antibody testing of patients known to have had a positive diagnostic test and symptoms, to determine the extent that they have developed antibodies to sars-cov2. There’s still no clarity on whether HCQ-Zn is effective and safe for covid-19 patients. We’re still in lockdown.

    Well it’s been all of 4 days over a weekend since the Abbott antibody test kits started shipping, so I am not surprised that we don’t have the serological test results yet, but do we know that the studies are even underway? Do we know that there is even a finalized plan to get them underway? You could not learn that from the Trump Show, where the President spends most of the time rehashing his schtick of defenses against the fake news criticism of his response, and then the fake news asks a slew of idiot gotcha questions to generate far more heat than light. They want to know nothing that I consider key. Instead they try to trap Trump into a sound bite where he guarantees the impossible so that they can come back later with some sob story contradicting him. Can the administration guarantee that there will be enough testing in every hamlet across the land at every moment in time?

    What kind of testing? What difference does that make to the idiot reporters? We don’t want to know if there will be useful testing, we just hope that somewhere somehow somebody might have to wait an hour to get tested. Then we’ve got OMB! (Orange Man Bad)

    • Rich
      You are right – with antibody tests available, all that is needed is a well randomised test of a couple of hundred individuals, then you know approximately the percent of “herd immunity”. In California I believe they did this and found about 2%.

  35. https://www.pnas.org/content/pnas/early/2020/04/07/2004999117/F1.large.jpg

    Covid19 originated in Yunnan, not Wuhan, in Sptember 2019.

    This new research from Cambridge University UK sheds light on the virus’ origin and how it spread. The team of scientists mapped the network of strains of the virus that differ by small mutations (the small notches in the lines). The length of the lines shows how many mutations happened from one form to the other. This powerful method lays bare the history of covid19.

    – 3 big clusters are the main types: A is Yunnan in south China, B is Wuhan and C is Europe. Colour of each circle represents the region. Notice the bat – the black dot in the bottom right corner.

    – The virus jumped from bat to human in Yunnan (not Wuhan) – cluster A – as early as September 2019. From there it went to Wuhan, but some spread to America and Europe occurred direct from Yunnan.

    – B, Wuhan is the biggest cluster. All transmission of B type out of Asia was accompanied by mutation.

    – C is the Europe mutated strain, absent from China.

    Generally it’s clear that a lot of links keep forming, as people travel. But the genetic map shows the origin and how emergence of new types accompanied spread around the world.

    https://www.pnas.org/content/early/2020/04/07/2004999117

    • The September start date is given in some press reports although it is not in the paper. However it is clear that the strain B that started getting noticed in Wuhan in November was far from being the original form, it was separated already by numerous mutations from the more archetypal form A associated with Yunnan and the one arising directly from a bat 🦇 . So a September – or even earlier start, is not at all improbable.

  36. Monckton of Brenchley wrote:
    …that large gatherings are not particularly important for transmitting the virus. On this point, the South Koreans would beg to differ. Their elaborate and determined contact-tracing has shown that the infection first got its boots on at a large church assembly…

    Depends on the nature of the large gathering, I suspect.

    My experience of church services is that the whole congregation tends to physically interact with one or a small number of the “officials” (shaking hands with the vicar, etc). Plus friends and neighbours physically interacting before and after. This behaviour is very likely to spread an infectious disease. If the church is cultish, it may have its own touchy-feely-huggy interactions between congregants as part of the service.

    Commercial sporting events, in contrast, tend to consist of lots of strangers in close proximity to only a few. Standing in a crowd of thirty thousand isn’t going to be much different to standing in a group of twelve. Even funnelling through access points isn’t going to change things much (unless there are physical searches or some such).

    • PJF is wrong yet again. Some of the rapid spread of the infection in the UK has been attributed to the Cheltenham race meeting, where large crowds gathered in close proximity to one another for several hours a day over four days. Ferguson is wrong on this point.

      • Some of the rapid spread of the infection in the UK has been attributed to the Cheltenham race meeting,

        Really? What evidence is there for this?

      • Some of the rapid spread of the infection in the UK has been attributed to the Cheltenham race meeting, where large crowds gathered in close proximity to one another for several hours a day over four days.

        Well, no doubt, some has been attributed to London Northwestern Railway and the Eastleigh Library Knitters, but this doesn’t change my point about the varying nature of large gatherings.

        As Monckton of Brenchley points out, the Cheltenham race meeting occurred over four days. This means many attendees were staying at hotels, very likely meeting and mingling with far flung friends in bars and restaurants, with lots of kissing on cheeks as is the habit with that set.

        Thirty thousand grumpy midlanders turning up to watch Derby County on a Saturday afternoon is a different metaphor of cliché.

  37. Here in Ontario (Canada), the provincial government has announced they will unveil new data modelling today (April 20):

    <>

    We’ll see if this new version of the scareware, err software, model will be anymore “expert” than the previous.

    • Oops! My quoting of the announcement vanished because of faulty use of tags. Here is the announcement:
      —–
      The province will unveil new COVID-19 data modelling on Monday. In his Saturday media briefing, Premier Doug Ford said Ontarians deserve to see the same data he sees in order to make decisions and plans for our own families. Ford said, “On Monday we will see how far we have come, and how far we have to go.” He said the new data will chart the course of COVID-19 in the province for the “weeks and months to come.”
      —–

  38. As a non-expert in nursing homes and assisted living centers from past assistance for family members, it was apparent early on to me that such centers would be very vulnerable to this virus. The comings and goings of care providers of many services and frequent trips of the residents to hospitals and back reminded me of the extreme risk in this situation. If there were a lot of extra steps taken to protect these centers, those must have failed. We should at least have a review of what the failings were. Germ spread in hospitals needs another round of reforms and prevention with UVC lights or other upgrades and review. The blame game should not be limited to politicians when hospitals become major vectors and hot spots for spread, not to mention airlines and cruise lines.

    • Good point. The residents of these nursing home facilities (many privately operated) are at the whim of the management and their efforts to contain any potential entry of the virus to their facilities. These elderly residents have no chance to further self isolate an are completely dependant on the institution to do what is necessary to contain any viable entry of the virus to their premises. There are a lot of examples of nursing homes that completely dropped the ball, in some cases criminally, such as in Quebec where basically the residents were practically abandoned and few staff even showed up for work, preferring to take the unemployment benefits that Govt’s offer for everyone to just quit work.

      Same for hospitals for better high tech, and hopefully they are thinking about improving their bio security both with technologies such as UVC and better basic hygiene, and/or limiting entry of other known vectors for the disease to enter and spread exponentially once introduced. This should be one of the easiest and most obvious points to start the review. For this Wuhan coronavirus, these older people with comorbidities are most at risk to the consequences of said virus and the nursing/old folks homes are the low hanging fruit that get hit hardest. While many of these people are at deaths door in the scheme of things, there is no excuse for sloppy management of senior care.

  39. Posted for info:

    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8235979/UKs-coronavirus-crisis-peaked-lockdown-Expert-argues-draconian-measures-unnecessary.html

    “Carl Heneghan, professor of evidence-based medicine at Oxford University, claims data shows infection rates halved after the Government launched a hand-washing drive and recommend people keep two metres apart on March 16.”

    Interesting to note that Monckton of Brenchley’s graphs also show UK infection rates dropping before the lockdown, and that he has said this was likely due to the initial light measures. Indeed, since the UK’s line on the graphs shows no deviation to its downward trend that can be attributed to the sudden, draconian lockdown, it’s difficult to not agree with Professor Heneghan.

    It appears that Prime Minister Boris Johnson is resisting efforts to exit the lockdown. Given his comments above, hopefully Monckton of Brenchley will use whatever influence he may have on the government to counter that view.

    • PJF is right that the daily growth rate in cumulative cases has been falling ever since the first rather mild control measures were introduced. However, given that cumulative cases have continued to increase at a significant compound rate, it is not difficult to calculate that without the 85-95% reduction in person-to-person contact that the lockdown in the UK achieved there would have been far more deaths than there have been.

  40. Can that explain the difference between 5 per million & 200+ per million?

    Still more questions than answers. Obesity is far smaller problem in Eastern Europe compared with the Western part. They tend to be also younger populations. Looks like this disease affects particularly hard black people – there are very few of them in the Eastern Europe. Some speculate that deficiency of G6PD enzyme may play significant role – countries with higher proportions of people suffering from this deficiency (USA, Spain, Italy, France) have also much more deaths from Wuhan virus.

    And last but definitely not the least: sauna with good whipping the skin with boughs of fresh silver birch followed by shot of vodka – that most definitely makes a charm!

  41. “On a French aircraft carrier 1081 soldiers tested positive. So far, almost 50% of them remained symptom-free and about 50% showed mild symptoms. 24 soldiers were hospitalized, one of them is in intensive care (previous illnesses unknown)”

    • In response to Mr Lyons, the British Government’s failure to keep an elementary and up-to-date track of the true numbers of deaths and recoveries is lamentable. If we knew how many had recovered and how many had died, we could work out the true case fatality rate, and that would tell us much. But so useless is the British civil service that keeping even these elementary statistics in real time has proven beyond the cuisses-de-cuir.

      • If we knew how many had recovered and how many had died, we could work out the true case fatality rate, and that would tell us much. – Monckton of Brenchley

        No!

        If we knew how many had been infected (Serology testing) and how many had died OF the infection and not WITH the infection, then we could work out the true case fatality rate!

    • Yes this pandemic is shining a light on how national health and administration systems operate. For us in the UK this will prove particularly uncomfortable.

  42. Always wrong, Neil “no peer review” Ferguson, Lockdown

    Vs

    No Lock Down
    Dr Sucharit Bhakdi, former professor at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz and head of the Institute for Medical Microbiology and Hygiene
    Dr John Ioannidis, Professor of Medicine, of Health Research and Policy and of Biomedical Data Science, at Stanford University School of Medicine
    Professor Knut Wittkowski, Senior Research Associate, Rockefeller University
    Dr Alexander Kekulé, Chair for Medical Microbiology and Virology at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and Director of the Institute for Medical Microbiology at the University Hospital Halle
    John Oxford, virologist at Queen Mary, University of London
    Dr Sunetra Gupta, Professor of Theoretical Epidemiology at the University of Oxford
    Dr Pablo Goldschmidt, Professor of Molecular Pharmacology at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie in Paris.

    • By now, anyone following these threads will know Richard’s prejudices. One can line up row upon row of soi-disant experts on either side of the lockdown argument: but, in the end, the data are the best guide – or they would be, if governments had proven competent at collecting them.

      And Richard’s otiose repetition of “no peer review” is becoming tedious. Ferguson’s code is now being scrutinized by other specialists, and the early indications are that it is deemed to be fit for its purpose. Certainly, its estimate of a 0.5% infection fatality rate is within the 0.1-1% range that I have calculated by using the standard technique of casting back deaths, and is in line with many other such estimates that have been published.

      Richard can afford to sit in his armchair and be irresponsible. Governments have to be rather more cautious.

    • “Richard can afford to sit in his armchair and be irresponsible. Governments have to be rather more cautious”

      Unfortunately they weren’t cautious and believed a man notorious for his previous failures.

      “Once bitten, twice shy ” springs to mind.

  43. Yaaawn. Chicom-19 will not even show up as a small blip in longevity or rate of death or any other statistic when this is all said and done.

    Meanwhile, the number of unemployed outnumber people that have caught this virus 10:1, innutritious crap is sold out in groceries around the nation because that’s what people can afford with no job, domestic violence and suicide is skyrocketing, and calls for draconian collectivist government policies which could tarnish liberties and freedom are being made by those that want to use this self-created crisis to their advantage.

    • Mr Turner is already wrong. For weeks 14 and 15 (and, in Scotland, 16) the UK excess mortality rates are unprecedented in this century.

      • “Please Sir , can I have some more?”

        Numbers , that is .
        farmerbraun is unsure what level of signifiicance should be attributed to numbers “For weeks 14 and 15 (and, in Scotland, 16)”.

        • Perhaps “unprecedented in the last two decades” is not quite as scary as “unprecedented in this century” .

      • For weeks 14 and 15 (and, in Scotland, 16) the UK excess mortality rates are unprecedented in this century.

        The ONS figures for week 15 are not released until tomorrow. Two possibilities:

        Monckton of Brenchley has early access to the figures.

        Monckton of Brenchley is making an educated guess. One with which I would agree, as it happens.

        Nevertheless, Monckton of Brenchley should have been more careful to note that Robert W. Turner said “when this is all said and done”, which rather implies a scenario of examining outcomes when the COVID-19 adventure is over. Unless there is a dramatic change to current progress, it is clear that COVID-19 will not be an outstandingly bad disease.

        • 165,000 deaths in 1 month, no not an oustandingly bad desease.
          Plus of course the ones in China that they didn’t declare.

  44. ” worst of all the pieces of bad advice handed down by the “experts” is the idea that the best way to deal with this pandemic is to let as many people as possible get the infection and acquire what they chillingly call “herd immunity”.

    No one said herd immunity is the best way, it is an important mechanism to community immunity that has been discounted in this case, despite ample scientific evidence of its benefits, unlike Fergusson magic model. In fact his modelling set off political panic and draconian measures that followed. Democracies and authoritarian regimes lack the subtlety to exploit the benefits of community immunity. Your simplistic summation of herd immunity also lacks the same subtlety. Calling it “herd immunity” is creepy though, but that doesn’t change its benefits.

    • Andre S has failed to take into account the fact that it is not yet known whether anyone who has been infected will have acquired more than a transient immunity. There are indications from South Korea, which has managed the pandemic competently, that some who had cleared the infection have already been reinfected. Until it is known that a sufficiently long immunity can be acquired, talk of “herd immunity” is so much idle chatter.

      • As none of us except for Steven Mosher is there, we have to treat these data as a hearsay. One possibility is that the test that “cleared the infection” could have been a false negative. Steven may give us his impression regarding the reliability of this data.

      • Christopher
        You said, “Until it is known that a sufficiently long immunity can be acquired, talk of “herd immunity” is so much idle chatter.” Then probably the same can be said of vaccines! If an effective vaccine is beyond our reach, we have to find a solution to COVID-19 that doesn’t attempt to keep all non-essential workers under house arrest permanently! Where is the discussion about that alternate future?

  45. Our so-called experts are all bureaucrats. They excel at repeating the official, conventional opinions expressed by their agencies and thinking inside the box. They are unconcerned and incurious about the “unintended” consequences of their policy commendations.

    What we need are experts who think outside the box, people with enough general knowledge to make educated guesses on the good and bad consequences of their actions. We need people willing to see if their policies are working or not, and willing to make changes. We need people who are willing to ask if the cure is worse than the disease and whether lockdowns are the best way to manage the pandemic.

  46. When you see the word “Expert” you should immediately suspect to what you are reading is an opinion, rather than a fact.
    Niels Bohr’s Definition: An expert is a man who has made all the mistakes which can be made, in a narrow field

  47. Monckton at his most risible, joining in the witch hunt along with the rest of the media…Johnson bad, Trump bad, kill thousands, all their fault etc, ad nauseum etc…
    Check out the timeline with WHO and China, and tell me how serious everyone was taking it back then. You really really should know better.
    And, i’m afraid your compound method isn’t actually showing the reality either. I was actually quite impressed with the method at first, but it isn’t following reality. As it seems to be with models, it doesn’t really matter whether they’re right or wrong so long as the maker of the model can justify it’s continuing existence. And here we are, another post…

    Have a look at the ONS figures, and try and do something to show where all non-hospital dead are coming from, and why, and how and what they have died of. Clue, hospital admissions are down 60%.

    • In response to the furtively pseudonymous “NeverReady”, who calls me names from behind a cowardly cloak of anonymity and thus contravenes site policy, both Mr Johnson and Mr Trump were late in realizing that decisive action was necessary. The elementary epidemiology of new pandemics is that they spread in a near-strictly-exponential fashion. Like it or not, it is essential that governments should act promptly and that, to prevent the same mistakes being made next time, those that did not act promptly are called out for their dithering.

      I have much sympathy with both Mr Trump and Mr Johnson, for the experts were divided in their opinions, which shows just how inexpert those who did not understand the need for immediate, swift and determined action actually were.

        • Not really sure what to say to this missive…but grow up might be apposite.

          Thanks for your input.

      • “…furtively pseudonymous…”

        My email is given when I commented and my name is Nigel. And calling the comment in your article “risible” is calling you names…?

        Everyone was late in recognising the “dangers” of C19, this was largely due to the WHO, the Chinese and in the UK various “experts” who stated that it was nothing to worry about, and a media that has as it’s first priority a lamentable policy of publishing seemingly contradictory “facts” and “evidence” that all only lead to the one certain outcome of “Bungling Boris bad” and everyone else good . This led to the “dithering” response.
        This is not to say I don’t recognise the woeful response of the UK, it’s just that it should be taken in context when used in comparison. And I cannot see where I was disputing the need for decisive or prompt action. The only countries so far that appear to have acted decisively and promptly are those countries who have a control over their society that we would find unacceptable.

        Your model does not appear to support observation, although like I said I was impressed with the methodology when I first came across it.
        Your model is suggesting that the lockdown in the UK is necessary and is having an effect in the reduction of deaths attributed to C19.
        Your model uses ONS data, but you do not attempt to make any corrections based on real world observation (not interpretation) to the data in anyway but simply just use their numbers.
        The ONS numbers, methodology of categorisation and continuing re-categorisation, adding numbers to previous weeks numbers (or not, but instead adding previous weeks deaths to the current days numbers, but with no explanation of either allocation of death numbers…very arbitrary) due to a lag in reporting essentially renders the ONS numbers as not quite useless. My guess is that this obfuscation is deliberate.

        The lockdown may very well have no effect whatsoever, and may indeed, and in all probability does, result in an increase in non-hospital deaths. With an observed reduction of 60% (down from 160,000 to 60,000, week 14 comparison 2019 and 2020) in A&E admissions, amongst the 100,000 or so who have not attended A&E some will die. Is that because of C19, some other condition? Who knows?

        So, in short, death numbers due to C19 could be under reported or over reported. Non-hospital deaths could be reported correctly or incorrectly, under reported and then over reported. The ONS numbers cannot usefully be used to assert anything.

  48. Even in the so-called “light cases”, Covid-19 disease is not like flu. The crisis that comes five days after the onset of symptoms brings awful pressure in the lungs, and the fever reaches 40 C.
    This is a light course of the disease that does not qualify the patient for the hospital.

    • You’re skipping over the light course of the disease that has no symptoms whatsoever but carry on.

  49. If any place could open up I would think NYC can since it appears a large portion of population already infected.

  50. From news reports and web postings we are reading of odd happenings
    resulting from the virus now among us.
    I’ve started to call such things Panic 2020 items.

    Here are 3:
    A person washed her hands dozens of times each day – apparently not leaving her home – until the skin became raw.
    In California, Venice Skate Park was covered with sand – keeping people from getting fresh air.
    In Washington State: fishing – another open air activity – is banned.

    There are many more, funny/sad/tragic, actions to be recorded.
    Give it a try.

    Panic 2020 . . .

    • There was that middle aged man who choked a teenage girl because she wasn’t practicing good social distancing with her friends.

      • In a NYC hospital, a young women shoved an older woman who was not keeping her distance.
        The older woman fell, smashed her head, and died.
        The young woman was charged with disorderly conduct and released.

        • Nicholas
          It sounds to me that at the very least she should have been charged with negligent manslaughter or homicide. But then, with the current situation, they are probably trying to minimize court trials and incarcerations.

    • The red line (cumulative hospitalisations) is well-fitted by Farr’s Law:
      N=A*(1+erf((d-D)/T)) with A=80,000 , T=15.7, D=11/Apr/2020 and d measured in days. The red line shows a maximum slope (dN/dd) at d=11/Apr, with a daily rate of about 7.2%. To be precise, it is (200/√π)/T. (The “tipping point” doesn’t show up very well on a logarithmic vertical scale. With a linear vertical scale you can see the sigmoid curve and its point of inflection, which is the point of maximum daily rate of infections. Logarithmic scales work for the early stages, but obscure the end-game.) If Farr’s Law is a skilled predictor, it would make the cumulative total around 160000 (being 2A) and the daily rate dropping below 100 (that is, 0.1% per day) round about 11th May. We are well clear of the 20 to 30% per day rise daily rise in new infections in early March.
      To what extent, if any, this normal distribution pattern’s shape (especially the peak daily rate) and parameters were influenced by lockdown, social distancing, counting, attribution or testing strategy is an entirely different discussion which doubtless will go on for months, presumably long after the Nightingale Hospitals have been put in store and we regain our liberty and are back in useful work.

  51. Mr Expert The High lord Christopher Monckton,
    You chose to take it upon yourself to be one of these so called experts and to use that position as a tyrant to proclaim how we cannot open because we do not have enough information.
    But we have had enough information for weeks now. New York City is the single heaviest hit place on the planet. It is completely run by these worthless experts who cannot do much of anything right. And despite this lack of capability their hospitals were not over run and healthcare continued to be delivered to those in need. In fact, the hospital ship and the field hospitals put in place to help cover for lack of capacity were barely used.
    The point of shutting down was to protect the healthcare system. The healthcare system is not under threat. Yet you demand we remain in lockdown in order to, well, I never actually tried to figure out what your perverted and twisted logic was trying to accomplish because once you argue that we need to remain locked down because that is the safe thing to do, I completely lose any interest in what you have to say.
    The simple fact is the social distancing, the shutting down of non essential services, was done to “flatten the curve” and protect the healthcare system. And evidence indicates the lock down was not needed. Sweden is not outstripping the rest of the world with uncontrolled and extreme exponential growth of their covid-19 medical needs or deaths. New York City shows no evidence that they flattened the curve at all.
    When every nation is lined up to an apple to apples comparison, for example when per population deaths are the same, and their progress through the covid-19 outbreak are compared, there is no rhyme or reason that shows that any actions by any government on social distancing or locking down accomplished anything. Hard lock down places match wide open place. Moderate lockdowns are in better shape than hard lockdowns.
    And you chose to be the local expert, and you chose that you believed preventing lives lost in the short term only to be lost in the long term is a greater good than producing wealth and still losing the same number of lives.

    • Your point that Sweden is not exhibiting extreme exponential growth is a good one. Reportedly, Sweden tends to have relatively large nursing homes for the elderly, where a large fraction of its cases and deaths are derived.

      In China, and Asia in general, nursing home are not very common. Culturally, children are expected to take care of parents. Could this also be a factor in Asia vs. the West?

    • I am afraid he is more like Michael Mann than we thought. Oblivious to the real data coming out and reliant on non peer reviewed work from Imperial college.

      • What exactly is it that you want peer reviewed?

        There is no need because most people could run an epidemiological (compartmental) model which will give a similar – or more likely – worse outcome. To the best of our knowledge all 7 billion people on earth were susceptible to this new virus. Given this information and a decent estimate of R0 it should be possible to model the disease progression through different populations.

        This is not the same as the Mann Hockey Stick. The sharp uptick in Mann’s reconstruction was an artefact of his PCA methodology. To make matters worse, he obscured the late 20th century decline in the proxy data.

        If anyone has a problem with Ferguson’s model they should first produce their own and then, if there are significant differences, contact Ferguson to resolve them. If Ferguson is very wrong (he isn’t) that will more likely be because scientists have misunderstood how the virus is transmitted.

        • The man who led to this lock down has never got a prediction right.

          Are we now in the situation that Neil Ferguson just has to mention 500,000 dead and we have to go into lock down.

          We now know from the data that he was hopelessly wrong again.

          • Or the P.M. of NZ , Jacinda Ardern , to pull “80,000 NZers could die” out of the hat , on Public Television(TM G. Orwell)?
            It happened.
            But was it deliberately wrong?

            Misinformation, disinformation, or the new chap malinformation (aka HateSpeech)?

          • Are we now in the situation that Neil Ferguson just has to mention 500,000 dead and we have to go into lock down.

            Not true. The 500k figure related to an unmitigated response. The projection was for a 200k death toll under the measures up to March 23rd. Stricter measures were then implemented which were expected to result in 20k deaths.

            We now know from the data that he was hopelessly wrong again.

            It’s difficult to see how he could have been much nearer the mark.

    • Mr Stoner is entitled to his prejudice against preventing fatal pandemics from spreading unchecked. Responsible governments, however, have to act as adults.

      • 0.1-1% deaths would not have led to a lock down.

        Neil Ferguson is a dangerous man whose non- peer reviewed madness has led to utter misery.

      • Prejudice: preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience.
        The world has had pandemics before. I have read about many of them throughout my schooling years. I never once read about federal governments shutting down their entire economies to fight any of them. So, based on reason and actual experience, what I recommend follows the norms of society at large. A society that has brought about the greatest period of human advancement ever.
        Your solution to the pandemic is novel, like the virus. Untested, never been done before, and outright guaranteed destructive.
        Evidence clearly shows that the economic shutdowns are not accomplishing the mission of protecting the healthcare system. No individual countries that have shut down are performing so well against the open economies that they can claim the shut down has worked. The argument you will make against this is that every place is different so you cannot know, and the rebuttal is the exact same. Thus the evidence that shut down economies everywhere are not performing better than open economies everywhere is the evidence to use.
        The healthcare system is safe. Every bit of evidence that has come out has said the healthcare system is safe. How many people are with the disease and symptom free. Far larger than thought at first. How many with symptoms are such they will not go to the doctor? Far more than thought at first. Of those that go to the hospitals how many are well enough to be sent back home. Far many more than thought at first. How many need to be in the hospital? Far fewer than originally thought. How many need ICU? Fewer than thought. How many need ventilators? Far fewer than thought and ventilators have been found to be more destructive to life than helpful for life. You see the direction this is going? How widespread is the disease? 50 to 300 times as widespread as the current testing has proven.
        So, an average of 175 times as widespread as thought, and the hospitals are doing fine. So what is the reasoned thought on the disease? It is not bad enough to commit economic suicide over. We have experience. We have seen the enemy and faced it down. We have effectively defeated the idea that our medical system will collapse if we are open for business. Rational thought would conclude what I have. Time to open for business. Irrational thought will be fear driven and not evidence driven.
        I never said anything about allowing it spread unchecked. There are many things you can do short of the unbelievably destructive way you and yours have chosen to check the pandmeic.
        Responsible governments can act. They can build field hospitals. They can set up testing for the virus and quarantine of the infected. They can recommend social distancing practices. They can buy and distribute face masks. They can order medical supplies and demand certain companies switch over to manufacturing certain needed items. They can coordinate responses. They can restrict travel between places with significant outbreaks and places without such outbreaks. They can pass legislation to cover the costs at the states for taking actions to care for their people.
        On the other hand, arbitrarily shutting down some parts of the economy, throwing 22 million and growing people out of work. Causing panic. Destroying the larger part of economic output for months on end. Without having a clue, as you already admitted, to what the threat is, is not responsible. It is out and out irresponsible and dangerous.
        The Great and upstanding amazingly smart High Lord Christopher Monckton of Brenchley is a tyrant enabler and the funny thing is that he pretty much finds absolute terrible faults in the actions of every last one of the tyrants and their enablers and still finds himself siding with the tyrants he has found so many faults in. I imagine these days the Great Lord Monckton has terrible headaches and sleepless nights as the cognitive dissonance must be reverberating like tsunamis in his self destructing cranial cavity.
        And the projection of his own prejudice must be causing him some additional harm.
        I am not prejudiced against preventing fatal pandemics from spreading unchecked. I am rightfully fearful of tyrannical governments imposing their flawed and low quality acts against me and everyone. Something the good lord should be fearful of.
        You sir are no longer worthy of the respect I used to have for you. Even if you find yourself on my side of thought, I will not entertain your blatherings. No one should. You should be treated like the guy in the joke that got caught with a goat…

      • Christopher
        “… act as adults.” Is that a euphemism for patronizing behavior towards their subjects? How about a referendum to ask their peers how much risk they are willing to accept in exchange for more freedom of movement? Or alternatively, providing more protection for the high-risk group? There are logical alternatives to strict lockdowns, which you seem unwilling to even entertain, let alone recommend.

        • China dictates what alternatives are available. If you try something else, one of their minions in academia will create a “study” to show you that you are wrong, and their minions in the media will spread that “study” far and wide and then if you go against them, they will scream that you killed every last person who dies afterwards.
          China is in control. Christopher is just one of their useful idiots who thinks he is the adult in the room.

    • astonerii wrote: “ The healthcare system is not under threat.

      Actually it is. Many hospitals and clinics are going bankrupt. From the best surgeons
      to the sweeper of the floors, folks are not working and not earning.

      The Wall Street Journal has a very small (partial) list. Read it and weep.
      Sending Hospitals into Bankruptcy {subscription needed}
      Editorial Board, WSJ

      • Sorry, I meant they are not under threat of being overrun in capacity terms. As in, the great influx of the infected can be cared for with what we have and what we can build in the field.

        • Yes, sorry. I knew what you intended.
          The Great left coast State of Washington fell into the quicksand.
          Spent lots of money and effort on the non-event of capacity overrun.
          Prepare for thousands of deaths. Bend the curve or else.
          The curve bent, but we are still locked down because . . .
          Gov. Jay says so.

  52. I’m not impressed with the so-called “experts”.

    Dr. Fauci has been wrong too many times. Dr. Birx has been wrong too many times.

    Front line doctors, who see & treat patients have had a better handle on the situation.

    (The so-called “experts” are a bunch of “desk jockeys”.)

    It took a poll of 6,000 doctors who supported use of Hydroxychloroquine and countless individual reports of recovery using the drug before Dr. Fauci would back off his opinion that it was “unproven”.

    The so-called “models” have been nothing but FEAR “factories” creating panic & hysteria.

    And many responsible and well-intentioned people have been apologists for this rubbish.

    Open business, let people support their families. Keep contacting your governor.

    I got a volcano, maybe we should sacrifice to the fire god, Pele, by throwing all the “experts” in the volcano.

    Sounds crazy, right? Well, so far for all the good the “experts” and their often unwitting apologists, have done regarding this situation, sacrifice to the gods would get better results.

    Remember, at first the “experts” said two million would die in the U. S.

    Second, they said 200, 000 would die, even if we did all the shutdowns and social distancing.

    Now, they are “predicting” 60,000 will die (closer to reality).

    At some point even a broken clock is right twice a day. beware of “desk jockeys” trying to tell you what it’s really like.

    S. I. Hayakawa, “The map is not the territory.”

    All “desk jockeys” have is a dodgy map.

  53. The contract expires tomorrow, and no one wants to take physical delivery.
    US storage is full.
    Congressional democrats blocked Trump’s plan to buy crude for the SPR.

    • Why the SPR is not tripled in capacity is beyond me. They should triple the capacity and increase the capability of both filling and draining it significantly.
      Now would be the right time to go nuts storing for an emergency.

        • They can be blamed, but it should have been done a decade or more ago. It is not like we have not been through the boom and bust of the oil market before.

      • At the close, Trump could have the government get paid over $35 a barrel to fill up the SPR.
        He does not need any money from congress.
        And I just found out that there is 80 million barrels of capacity unfilled.
        And there is now a law allowing private companies to use the storage capacity of the SPR.
        It can accept up to 4 million barrels per day filling max rate.
        So anyone with a big oil tank can get paid 35 thousand dollars per contract to take oil.
        Each contract is 1000 barrels.
        But it is landlocked crude, I think in Cushing OK.

    • Too bad Trump didn’t have his personal broker step in to buy crude and then donate it to the SPR.

  54. We can only hope that Arte produce another film-

    “The ARTE documentary „Profiteers of Fear“ from 2009 shows how the mainly privately financed WHO „upgraded“ a mild wave of influenza (the so-called „swine flu“) to a global pandemic so that vaccines worth several billion dollars could be sold to governments around the world. Some of the protagonists of that time are again prominently represented in the current situation’

    • And I believe the A/H1N1 2009 flu hit the US hard ONLY because the Americans have a ridiculously high rate of vaccination.

  55. It is reported at Zero Hedge that NZ has eased its lockdown.
    farmerbraun in NZ reports that the NZ government yesterday extended its emergency lock-down , which was due to end after one month at Wednesday midnight out time.

    It was EXTENDED to midnight next monday our time.

    At that time , lock-down will remain as now , but forestry , construction and some manufacturing will be added to the “essential ” category.

    Take your pick.

    • Well that’s interesting. The ZH story that fb referred to , which was on the first page of headlines 30 mins ago , now cannot be found on the first three pages, but is still reachable via fb’s history.
      WUWT?
      Can anyone else see it in the ZH headlines?

  56. Lord Mockton and Jo anne Nova as I said you know NOTHING about viruses as Willis shows ALL countries show the same metrics including Sweden and Belarus with NO lockdown. You are promoting the death of millions of you fellow British Australian citizens who will die of starvation, no work suicide ect If I was you I would not publish anything about corona viruses as here you may be held liable legally later on and I think you are a nice fellows and persons jo anne nova and I dont wish that on you as I happen to agree with you on AGW. My impression is that you know nothing about viruses whereas I do, I am a Veterinarian with 4 higher degrees from South Africa and Australia and have a journals that has published hundreds of articles about animal to human virus infections. Most seroius epiomologist from Germany and Sweden who actually know this stuff and you dont agree with you evaluations stay away from this thats my advice.

    • My impression is that you know nothing about viruses whereas I do,

      he knows nothing about infectious diseases and how flu viruses work

      The second quoted sentence brings into doubt the veracity of the first. If you know half as much about viruses as you claim, than you should know that the corona virus is *not* a flu virus. That you refer to it as such indicates that your claims of knowledge is greatly exaggerated (to be kind)

  57. Believe or not if the USA does not move fast you may have to have a military dictartorship to fix things the romans did this 2000 years ago when things get out of hand to bring things back to normal. I hope not necessary but Trump is not really responding as he should be Fauci needs to be fired immediately he knows nothing about infectious diseases and how flu viruses work and is wrecking the USA real fast my 2 cents worth

    • Your writing style is still a mystery. Surely you do not write journal articles the same way.
      I’m trying to think who it reminds me of.

  58. The arguments for ‘lock downs’ are producing the following result:
    While the technical treatment was a success, the patient died of economic strangulation.
    The ‘experts’ meanwhile are recommending the tourniquet they applied around the patient’s throat be tightly maintained for another month, just to be technically sure, lest any loosening cause a technical backfire….. also known as ‘gasping for economic breath’.

    While everyone is nattering on about the nuances of the Wuhan virus, our economy is dying of strangulation. What are our greatest needs and highest priorities, right now? Freedom. Jobs. Paychecks. Paying the bills.

    • “What are our greatest needs and highest priorities, right now?”

      That depends on the meaning of “our”.
      Who are the “we”, whose needs shall be given the highest priority?
      How many of us are there, and how does one gain admission to this exalted status?

      • Natter on, parsing your existential puffery….. as the bankruptcies pile up, as families are torn apart by financial distresses, as the life’s work and investments of small business people are destroyed, as our strangled economies crumble around your tone deaf ears, in front of your unseeing eyes. Why? Because a bureaucrat said the citizens freedoms, jobs, paychecks, and paying their debts weren’t ‘essential’. Natter on, exalted farmerbraun…

        There is none so blind as he who will not see.

        • I think perhaps you misread that. Otherwise your ad hominem response makes no sense at all.
          It is precisely all those things of which you complain, and more besides , that farmerbraun has opposed since the outset of this manufactured panic.
          It is the very existence of this exalted fraternity, for whose benefit this theatre has been staged, that fb objects to.
          Sorry to be overly cryptic. I thought the ironical tone in the last sentence was obvious.

          • Apologies. I don’t know your style of writing and I’m neither a mind reader nor clairvoyant. Use ” /s “, after cryptic sarcasm.

            I’m completely exasperated by the host of commenters caught up in the nuances of viral administrivia, while their economic worlds are collapsing around them. ‘Oblivious’ seems an inadequate descriptor….

          • No apology necessary. I never use a sarc tag because I’m one of those grammar nazis 🙂
            Irony and litotes are my thing , but they are both probably hate speech in the NWO.

        • even if they’re not considered outright hate speech, use of such certainly marks you as an -ist or -phobe of one kind or another 😉

  59. https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/7/3/01-7320_article

    “This outbreak demonstrates the potential for rapid spread of influenza A throughout a confined population despite appropriate vaccination. The efficiency of human-to-human transmission is emphasized by the fact that there was no discernible difference in attack rates between various areas of the ship by the end of the outbreak. Although over 95% of the Arkansas crew were appropriately immunized with the 1995-96 influenza vaccine, at least 42% became ill with influenza; when definite and probable cases were included, the attack rate was 54%, for an estimated 46% efficacy of the 1995-96 influenza vaccine against the Wuhan strain’

    • Maybe the armies of the world need to take a hint that just because you want to train soldiers in the most inhumane way possible, doesn’t mean you need to sell them to Big Vaccine.

      The French military being even more vaccine-inept than the French heath ministry, which is impossible in theory.

  60. Well done , our Man in Korea. A very useful place from which to be observing proceedings.

    farmerbraun thinks that routine public health measures , such as Mosh mentions -” slowing the virus was a simple as wash your hands, cover your cough (with your elbow) don’t touch your face or shake hands?” -, and some other obvious and routine measures , might have been a prudent first response step to an unquantifiable threat.
    Could such public health measures be usefully encouraged ONLY by inducing a herd panic , and consequent calls for a “lock-down”, with its very obvious collateral damage?

  61. So Willis on his coronavirus page breaks down the nations and lines them up with 10 deaths per 10 million population as day one.
    There three main groups here, the band of Italy or worse, netherlands to switzerland, and portugal and better.
    Sweden is the only nation not on economic suicide. All the other nations are on economic suicide with severe lockdowns in place.
    The places doing Italy and worse are Italy, Spain, France, England, and Belgium.
    The next tranche of nations are Netherlands, Sweden, United States, Ireland, and Switzerland.
    Then the good going countries. Germany, Portugal, Austria and Denmark.
    Right there, right smack dab in the middle of the various nations all will more significant lockdowns, is Wide open barely social distancing higher education only locked down Sweden.
    The argument is that the lockdowns are slowing the spread of the disease. How can this be possible if the deaths are not in fact slowing any more for these nations than wide open Sweden?
    The lockdowns are not needed. Never were needed. Simple washing hands and voluntary social distancing would have been just as effective and far less damaging.
    So, why the lockdowns? When did locking down the economy become a method to fight contagion? As far as I know, the first economic lockdown happened in Wuhan, China and it was lifted rather quickly once the rest of the world followed.
    Did China take a crisis and use it for benefit, or more to the point, as an effective weapon against the West?
    They shut down for a little while and then once they conned the rest of the world to shut down, they reopened for business.
    The claim was we needed to lockdown to save the healthcare system. The healthcare system was barely stressed anywhere except New York City in the United States of America and even there is was not crippled.
    Stop letting China make a mockery of us. End the lockdown.

    • It’s not, “Keep Calm and Carry On.” It’s, “Panic, Hide and Don’t Come Out, Until I Tell You.”

  62. Secondly, most Western governments, with less recent experience of fatal infections than those in the Far East, have still not quite learned the importance of asking their citizens, when outside their own homes, to wear some form of face-covering.

    There is a good reason to disregard face-mask manifestos. In a phrase, “slack human behavior”, and that’s even if the masks did what people hope, which I am in no way convinced that they do.

    Allow me to give some examples of “slack human behavior” that I personally have witnessed and continue to witness:

    (1) A woman in a grocery store, shopping for food, pulls her mask from her face, allowing the mask to rest around her neck, as she touches various food items in her quest to select her prize vegetables. Later, she places the mask back on her face, NOT having sanitized or washed contamination from her hands, which she now touches to her mask, thus placing a contaminated mask in the pathway of her own breath, which acts both to suck the contamination into her own lungs, and to propel the contamination further about the store via the pressure of her outward breathing.

    (2) A woman in a home improvement store walks about the store with the mask covering her mouth, but NOT here nose (I see this everywhere).

    (3) A veterinary assistant, in the heat of dealing with an energetic dog in the parking lot, looses her face mask, as it falls onto the pavement. She picks it up, places it back on her face, and rushes to finish her task, under the normal, inescapable pressures of performing her routine job in a timely, efficient manner, pressured by customers to get things done as quickly as possible.

    (4) A concierge at a retirement living center sporadically wears her mask, to make a good appearance, placing the mask in her purse, without washing hands or sanitizing hands between times of touching it, … without sanitizing or washing the mask in between uses. The facility can neither afford nor has access to the quantity of masks required to keep the fresh every two hours for all employees. Besides that, the concierge is claustrophobic and fears the suffocating sensation of the mask on her face, which also steams up her glasses and interferes with her reading important data on the computer screen.

    To top all this off, the fact is that any old mask will NOT do. If it’s not an N95, properly fitted, properly sanitized and handled, before and after each and every use, for the proper duration of time, then the mask is merely serving as a teddy bear that makes a child feel more comfortable and happy.

    The wearing of masks in other cultures is a long tradition, rather than it is an established, rigorously proven defense against microscopic entities so small that 496 MILLION of them would have to be stacked end-to-end to amount to one inch.
    Something this small, driven by the various components of a fluid dynamic environment (air currents, pressure differentials, humidity, ventilation) are not beholden to our naieve rationalizations that fail to account for the dynamics of fluid escape between cracks, contamination accumulation after the fact of breathing that causes build-up on the inside of the mask that can weep through to the outside, only to be propelled by breath from cloth fibers by the pressure of human breathing.

    And a seemingly overlooked consideration is the eyes. The virus can enter through the eyes, positioned, of course, immediately above the face mask, in line with escaping currents of air from the wearer’s own breath, as well as all manner of micro-material from the ambient environment.

    The studies on all this that I have read use very tentative language that does NOT instill the sort of confidence that the popular message tries to push. I do not see a firm scientific basis for a face mask mandate, and to force such a mandate onto people, in my judgment, violates their rights to assess the evidence for themselves, drawing their own conclusions, as I have done.

    • You seem to be under the mistaken belief that the point of the public wearing masks is to stop the germs from spreading *to* the mask wearer. It’s not. It’s to stop (or rather limit) the spreading of germs *from* the mask wearer. Without a mask, breathing, coughing, sneezing etc easily expel the germs great distances (hence the idea behind keeping a “social” distancing of 6 feet, which some say isn’t nearly far enough). with the mask, not as much.

    • Many home made masks are not well adjusted, and people have to lift them many times. I don’t see how they can be useful if they are that inadequate.

      OTOH masks for most people are NOT intended to protect from high risk situations, they are not worn by people who deal with heavily ill people, or to stand in from of sneezing people. They are intended to reduce contamination in case where people don’t take other risks. They can capture many water droplets. They probably let a lot of germs pass through or around, but they minimize the spread.

  63. Here is some new partial research from USC which shows the likelihood that a great number of people have already been infected over the course of this pandemic, … https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/20/coronavirus-antibody-testing-shows-la-county-outbreak-is-up-to-55-times-bigger-than-reported-cases.html

    This is the 4th or 5th study to show similar results. That means millions of Americans have already passed the test, so to speak. It also means that contact tracing will be of limited use.

  64. Lock down kills-

    “In a German retirement and nursing home for people with advanced dementia, 15 test-positive people have died. However, „surprisingly many people have died without showing symptoms of corona.“ A German medical specialist informs us: „From my medical point of view, there is some evidence that some of these people may have died as a result of the measures taken. People with dementia get into high stress when major changes are made to their everyday lives: isolation, no physical contact, possibly hooded staff.“ Nevertheless, the deceased are counted as „corona deaths“ in German and international statistics. In connection with the „corona crisis“, it is now also possible to die of an illness without even having its symptoms’

    • There is a tendency towards denial of the existence of “corona crisis response” deaths.

  65. other factors to look out for-

    “in several countries, there is increasing evidence in relation to Covid19 that „the treatment could be worse than the disease“.

    On the one hand, there is the risk of so-called nosocomial infections, i.e. infections that the patient, who may only be mildly ill, acquires in hospital. It is estimated that there are approximately 2.5 million nosocomial infections and 50,000 deaths per year in Europe. Even in German intensive care units, about 15% of patients acquire a nosocomial infection, including pneumonia on artificial respiration. There is also the problem of increasingly antibiotic-resistant germs in hospitals.

    Another aspect is the certainly well-intentioned but sometimes very aggressive treatment methods that are increasingly used in Covid19 patients. These include, in particular, the administration of steroids, antibiotics and anti-viral drugs (or a combination thereof). Already in the treatment of SARS-1 patients, it has been shown that the outcome with such treatment was often worse and more fatal than without such treatment’

  66. Neil Ferguson predicted 150,000 people could die in the U.K. from mad cow disease. BSE has 177 deaths to date, not counting all those unnecessarily-killed cows.
    He predicted A/H5N1 would kill 200 million. It killed 440.
    When he predicted 2.2 million deaths in the US and .5 million in the UK from coronavirus, it was not “caution” to act on his advice. Caution would have been to take his projections with a truckload of slug salt.

    • Neil Ferguson predicted 150,000 people could die in the U.K. from mad cow disease

      No he didn’t. In fact Ferguson went against conventional wisdom at the time. While there was incomplete data Ferguson’s model predicted no more than 50k but that was the upper bound of a huge confidence interval.

      When he predicted 2.2 million deaths in the US and .5 million in the UK from coronavirus,

      If no mitigating action were taken. Measures have been taken.

      You are also confused about the other modelling projects.

      • Come on! When challenged he revised the figures to 20K then 6k the following week before mitigation could have had any effect on the numbers!

  67. My father’s friend dies due to coronavirus. He had looks no symptoms of coronavirus. No fever, no flue, no throat problem, but the reason is he had corona.

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