Brought to You by SEPP (www.SEPP.org) The Science and Environmental Policy Project
THIS WEEK: By Ken Haapala, President
McKitrick-Christy Hypothesis Test: Last week’s TWTW discussed a test on the ability of climate models (a mean of the models used) to describe a 60 year-warming of slivers a layer of the atmosphere as measured by instruments in weather balloons. The area of the atmosphere of interest is the tropical troposphere at 200 to 300 millibar, about 30,000 to 40,000 feet (9100 to 12200m). Three different radiosonde data sets are used. For the averages from the models they use all 102 model runs in the CMIP5 archive.
The Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) consisting of 20 climate modeling groups, world-wide was convened in 2008 to prepare for the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
“CMIP5 will notably provide a multi-model context for 1) assessing the mechanisms responsible for model differences in poorly understood feedbacks associated with the carbon cycle and with clouds, 2) examining climate predictability and exploring the ability of models to predict climate on decadal time scales, and, more generally, 3) determining why similarly forced models produce a range of responses.”
In a September 17 post on Judith Curry’s web site, Ross McKitrick summarized the McKitrick-Christy paper and their findings. For some reason the post omitted the actual values in discussing the discrepancy between observed and models. This was later corrected by McKitrick in the comments section. The trend numbers are:
“0.33 +/- 0.13 C/decade in the models and 0.17 +/- 0.06 C/decade in the observations. With a break term included they are, respectively, 0.39 +/- 0.17 C/decade (models) and 0.14 +/- 0.12 C/decade (observed).”
It is clear that the “improved” CMIP5 fail the hypothesis by significantly overestimating a warming trend in the atmosphere, over the tropics, where the modelers have insisted that the warming would be most pronounced. Further, the hypothesis test is backed up by similar findings for the entire bulk atmosphere above the tropics using 39 years of satellite observations of temperature trends. The IPCC and its followers have no basis for relying on CMIP5 models for their reports on the influence of greenhouse gases on temperatures and for making recommendations.
It is important to note that these trends are calculated by using regression analysis across the data, which produces a linear trend and may include factors other than greenhouse gases. Decades of experimentation across numerous laboratories showed the relationship between carbon dioxide (CO2) and temperatures is logarithmic. If plotted on a graph with temperatures on the vertical axis and CO2 concentration on the horizonal axis, at the current CO2 concentrations, the curve would be approaching a horizontal line, where a significant change in CO2 concentration is needed to produce a meaningful change in temperatures.
The 1979 Charney Report asserted that the CO2-caused warming would be amplified by water vapor, while the 1979 Jason Report asserted amplified warming would come from enhanced absorption by weak CO2 bands in the 8-12-micron region. Both reports were speculative, having no hard evidence. Over 39 years of satellite temperature trends do not indicate a water vapor amplification of CO2-caused warming or an enhanced warming by weak CO2 bands. The latter would only broaden absorption by CO2 slightly, not amplify it.
SEPP continues to seek evidence consistent with atmospheric temperature trends that indicates a CO2-caused warming will be amplified by another means. Of course, climate models that fail basic tests are not evidence. Interestingly, McKitrick begins his discussion on the Curry website discussing a recent book that attempts to resurrect the Santer “distinct human fingerprint.”
As discussed by historian Bernie Lewin, this “fingerprint” was “detected” by Santer in a conference in Madrid in November 1995 by the IPCC science working group. The “fingerprint” was to appear in a future work by Santer, breaking IPCC rules that a work must be published to be considered.
Further, McKitrick states, Santer truncated the data to fit his claim, rather than adjusting the claim to fit the data. A 2007 paper by David Douglass, John Christy, Benjamin Pearson and Fred Singer demonstrated the mismatch between models and observations in the tropical troposphere, which the new book attempts to refute.
It should be noted that McKitrick & Christy received no funding for their paper. See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy, https://cmip.llnl.gov/cmip5/., and https://enthusiasmscepticismscience.wordpress.com/2015/11/21/remembering-madrid-95-a-meeting-that-changed-the-world-2/
Quote of the Week: “In a similar way, I calculate that a reduction in the amount of CO2 by half, or a gain to twice the amount, would cause a temperature change of – 1.5 degrees C, or + 1.6 degrees C, respectively.” ― Svante Arrhenius (1906)
Founder of Climate Science? According to archived pages at NASA’s Earth Observatory, Chemist Svante Arrhenius was the first to investigate the effect that doubling atmospheric carbon dioxide would have on global climate. He did so in a paper presented in 1895 at the Stockholm Physical Society. He made extensive calculations on the temperature effects of increasing and decreasing carbon dioxide trying to explain ice ages. He claimed that:
“temperature of the Arctic regions would rise about 8 degrees or 9 degrees Celsius, if the carbonic acid [CO2] increased 2.5 to 3 times its present value. In order to get the temperature of the ice age between the 40th and 50th parallels, the carbonic acid in the air should sink to 0.62 to 0.55 of present value (lowering the temperature 4 degrees to 5 degrees Celsius).”
The difficulty of explaining Ice Ages, particularly what triggers a melting in the Northern Hemisphere, is still with us and was discussed in last week’s TWTW. We still do not understand the issue Arrhenius was addressing, but by laboratory experiments and observations better understand the influence of CO2 on atmospheric temperatures.
Unfortunately, the 1895 of Arrhenius is commonly cited in claims by those who maintain that climate science is well understood, such as the EPA and the National Academy of Sciences. They reference the 1895 work, but do not reference the 1906 revision, which lowered the estimates by Arrhenius on the influence of CO2 on temperatures. The 1906 work was published in German, and was translated in 2014 by Friends of Science, a non-profit based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The 1906 work is quoted above. As a result, the much-quoted claim that Arrhenius said doubling CO2 would cause a change of 5ºC can be permanently set aside. The latter work of Arrhenius is at the low end of the rage of possibilities the IPCC has been declaring for over 25 years. One can speculate whether the 1906 version had been understood, would the US have spent over $40 billion on what government reports call “climate science.”
SEPP Chairman Tom Sheahen worked on experiments at the National Bureau of Standards (Now NIST) on the influences of atmospheric gases on radiant energy. On reviewing the 1906 work of Arrhenius, he stated that apparently Arrhenius didn’t know that the CO2 and the H2O absorption bands overlap in the infrared region around 15 microns. Evidently, by the early 20th century, nobody had done a careful study of the infrared absorption by H2O. Yet, a doubling of H2O happens almost daily in many places. To us, the paper is only of historical interest. The field of infrared measurements has advanced a thousand-fold since Arrhenius’ days.
It is saddening to realize that we are experiencing an extensive political movement, claiming to be scientific, demanding expensive policy changes, that is built on ignorance of pertinent scientific advances over the last 100 years. That is why the link to the Arrhenius paper is under Challenging the Orthodoxy, also see https://www.friendsofscience.org/
Another Point of View: The generally established center for measuring the atmospheric concentration of CO2 is the Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii. Craig Idso of CO2 Science reported a study on temperature change at Mauna Loa and five other isolated CO2 observatories. Researchers Liu, X. and Chen, J reported there is no doubt that CO2 has been increasing, but there appears to be no statistical relationship between CO2 and temperatures at these isolated observatories. See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy.
Hard Science Needed? EPA Veteran Alan Carlin correctly notes that few commentators on either side of the issue on the influence of CO2 on world temperatures insist on mathematically rigorous tests, such as those used in econometrics, of the major hypotheses that are involved.. Such rigorous testing must be done if one faces the task of litigating the EPA finding that Greenhouse Gases endanger human health and welfare, or any number of issues under the Clean Air Act.
Yet, those advocating the fear of carbon dioxide use econometric models, sometimes to a ridiculous degree, to claim harm from burning fossil fuels. Yet, their tests for CO2-caused warming are extremely weak. One must note that once respectable scientific journals have become so politicized on the issue of CO2-caused warming, that it is virtually impossible for skeptics of CO2-caused warming to have their work published in major journals. But, now some avenues for publishing are opening.
For CO2-caused global warming skeptics who use these avenues, publications in less than premier journals do not aid advancement in academic settings or the ability to obtain research grants. That may be one reason skeptics tend to be older and even retired.
However, the papers by McKitrick and Christy and by Liu and Chen (cited above) use statistical methods to show the poor relationship between models and observations and between CO2 and temperatures at isolated observatories, respectively.
In the comments section of the post on Curry’s website, McKitrick states that it is doubtful the IPCC will consider the McKitrick-Christy paper in the upcoming Assessment Report Six, it might be too late. However, a more interesting question is: Will the Department of Energy consider such papers and tests of hypotheses in preparing its new global climate model, E3SM? See links under Challenging the Orthodoxy and Defending the Orthodoxy.
Refrigerator in Your Pocket? Manhattan Institute Fellow Mark Mills is undertaking a new series on changing use of electricity, particularly the energy costs of processing and moving data. The infrastructure needed for data can be massive. Mills states: “that the 10 biggest datacenters in the world have more square footage collectively than do the top 10 skyscrapers.” Mills asserts that a single smartphone requires as much electricity to run as a refrigerator, when all the back-up is taken into consideration.
Greenpeace is involved in a publicity campaign attempting to “shame” data centers to subsidize wind and solar. This is not helpful to the public at all. One of the biggest costs of electricity to the grid is making it reliable, within tight tolerances. The costs are borne by the transmission companies and passed on to all customers.
The grid has been described by engineers to be a robust, well designed and reliable machine. The only thing reliable about wind and solar power are that they will fail. They are defective. Only a fool or zealot would put defective parts into a reliable machine. It will be interesting to read how Mills develops this series of essays. Also, it will be interesting to see how California develops its goal of going 100% renewable by 2045. See links under Questioning the Orthodoxy.
Number of the Week: 94. On Thursday, September 27, 2018, SEPP Chairman Emeritus S. Fred Singer will be celebrating his 94th birthday.
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
Climategate continues: Release of University of Arizona Climate Emails Imminent
Press Release, WUWT, Sep 19, 2018
Destroying the careers of those who defy the climate diktat
By Gregory Fegel, WUWT, Sep 21, 2018
Challenging the Orthodoxy — NIPCC
Climate Change Reconsidered II: Physical Science
Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, 2013
Idso, Idso, Carter, and Singer, Lead Authors/Editors, 2014
Why Scientists Disagree About Global Warming
The NIPCC Report on the Scientific Consensus
By Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter, and S. Fred Singer, NIPCC, Nov 23, 2015
Download with no charge
Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate
S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008
Challenging the Orthodoxy
A Test of the Tropical 200-300 mb Warming Rate in Climate Models
By Ross McKitrick, Climate Etc. Sep 17, 2018
A Test of the Tropical 200‐300 hPa Warming Rate in Climate Models
By Ross McKitrick & John Christy, Earth and Space Science, Sep 21, 2018
Computer Climate Simulations Just Crashed
By Andrew Montford, GWPF, Sep 18, 2018
Translated by Staff Writers, Friends of Science.org
Link to NASA web site: Svante Arrhenius (1859-1927)
By Steve Graham, NASA, Earth Observatory, January 18, 2000
Testing Basic Assumptions of the CO2-induced Global Warming Hypothesis
Liu, X. and Chen, J. 2017. CO2 seasonal variation and global change: Test global warming from another point of view. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions 9: 0046-0053, DOI: 103724/SP.J.1226.2017.00046. Sep 17, 2018 H/t Craig Idso]
Hurricane Florence: climate dynamics context
By Judith Curry, Climate Etc. Sep 18, 2018
Many Climate Scientists Have Unintentionally Aided and Abetted Climate Alarmists
By Alan Carlin, Carlin Economics and Science, Sep 21, 2018
My Tucker Carlson Interview Last Night, and Calling Out Bill Nye & James Hansen
By Roy Spencer, His Blog, Sep 15, 2018
Defending the Orthodoxy
The Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM)
By Staff Writers, DOE, Accessed September 15, 2018
What Can Nuclear Technology Offer to Address Climate Change: Conclusions of the Scientific Forum
By Ismini Dimidis, IAEA Office of Public Information and Communication, IAEA, Sep 21, 2018
The Masses Are Mobilizing for Climate Leadership
By Christiana Figueres & May Boeve, Project Syndicate, Sep 10, 2018 [H/t Dennis Ambler]
“Christiana Figueres is the former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and convener of Mission 2020.
“May Boeve is Executive Director at 350.org.”
[SEPP Comment: Ms. Figueres stated about the UNFCCC Paris Accord: “This is the first time in the history of mankind that we are setting ourselves the task of intentionally, within a defined period of time, to change the economic development model that has been reigning for at least 150 years, since the Industrial Revolution.”]
‘It’s hyped up’: climate change skeptics in the path of Hurricane Florence
Scientists say global warming is behind severe storms but many who face them don’t think humans are the problem
By Adam Gabbatt, Guardian, North Carolina, Sep 19, 2018
Questioning the Orthodoxy
Energy and the Information Infrastructure: Part 1 – Bitcoins & Behemoth Datacenters
By Mark Mills, Real Clear Energy, Sep 19, 2018
“At the top of the respective food chains, we find that the 10 biggest datacenters in the world have more square footage collectively than do the top 10 skyscrapers.”
Hurricane Florence, Culmination of Exploitation of Natural Events by Government, Extremists, and Business
Guest opinion: Dr. Tim Ball, WUWT, Sep 16, 2018
Statistical study of past temperature records suggests possible undetected natural climate forcing cycles
By Anthony Watts, From Godfrey Dack, WUWT, Sep 18, 2018
Link to paper: Intrinsic Pink-Noise Multidecadal Global Climate Dynamics Mode
By Woosok Moon, Sahil Agarwal, and J. S. Wettlaufer, Physical Review Letters, Sep 4, 2018
Social Benefits of Carbon Dioxide
The most amazing greening on Earth
By Patrick J. Michaels, Climate Etc. Sep 19, 2018
Review of Recent Scientific Articles by CO2 Science
Evidence that Alpine Grasslands are Coping Well with Rising Temperatures
Huang, N., He, J.-S., Chen, L. and Wang, L. 2018. No upward shift of alpine grassland distribution on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau despite rapid climate warming from 2000 to 2014. Science of the Total Environment 625: 1361-1368. Sep 21, 2018
The Interactive Effects of Elevated CO2 and Potassium on Wheat Growth and Yield
Asif, M., Tune, C.E. and Ozturk, L. 2018. Changes in yield attributes and K allocation in wheat as affected by K deficiency and elevated CO2. Plant Soil 426: 153-162. Sep 20, 2018
The Impacts of Elevated CO2 on the Productivity of Six Macroalgal Species
Hernández, C.A., Sangil, C., Fanai, A. and Hernández, J.C. 2018. Macroalgal response to a warmer ocean with higher CO2 concentration. Marine Environmental Research 136: 99-105. Sep 19, 2018
Measurement Issues — Surface
Video: What’s wrong with the surface temperature record?
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Sep 21, 2018
Time to Drop the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale
By Cliff Mass, Weather and Climate Blog, Sep 19, 2018
NOAA: “No Compelling Evidence” Behind Claims of More Hurricane Landfalls!
By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, Sep 21, 2018
[SEPP Comment: The NOAA web site has a graph titled: “Atlantic HURDAT Storms (Adjusted for Estimated Missing Storms) 1878-2006.”]
Tropical Cyclone Rainfall Records [US]
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Sep 21, 2018
Johnny One Note
By Donn Dears, Power For USA, Sep 21, 2018
Hurricanes Deadlier Due to Population Growth, Not Frequency
By Larry Bell, Newsmax, Sep 17, 2018
Hurricane Florence–The Myths and The Facts
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Sep 20, 2018
Scientists Throw Cold Water on Claims Linking Hurricane Florence to Global Warming
By Michael Bastasch, Daily Caller, Sep 19, 2018
REX Will Dominate Northwest Weather This Week
By Cliff Mass, Weather and Climate Blog, Sep 22, 2018
Changing Climate – Cultures & Civilizations
Bang or whimper?
By Guy D. Middleton, Science, Sep 21, 2018
Geologists Are Feuding About the Collapse of Civilization
The year’s most acrimonious scientific fight is a mega-drama over a mega-drought.
By Robinson Meyer, The Atlantic, Sep 20, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
Sea level rise doesn’t necessarily spell doom for coastal wetlands
Giving marshes room to expand inland can help preserve these crucial ecosystems
By Carolyn Gramling, Science News, Sep 12, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
Link to paper: Future response of global coastal wetlands to sea-level rise
By Mark Schuerch, et al., Nature, Sep 13, 2018
“In contrast to previous studies1–3, we project that until 2100, the loss of global coastal wetland area will range between 0 and 30 per cent, assuming no further accommodation space in addition to current levels.”
[SEPP Comment: The study uses IPCC claims of future sea level rise, including exponential increase.]
Changing Cryosphere – Land / Sea Ice
Arctic Ice Recovery Update Sept. 17
By Ron Clutz, Science Matters, Sep 17, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
Arctic Sea Ice Extent Accelerating Since 2012 …Ship of Fools II Abandons Publicity Expedition
By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, Sep 18, 2018
Un-Science or Non-Science?
Study shows we can save the Arctic with ship pollution?
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Sep 20, 2018
Link to paper: Climatic responses to future trans‐Arctic shipping
By Scott Stephenson, et al., Geophysical Research Letters, Sep 12, 2018
[SEPP Comment: But the UN is requiring cleaner burning fuels, is all lost?]
Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate, or be Vague?
Remember When Climate Change Meant The End Of Coffee? Never Mind
By Alex Berezow, ACSH, September 17, 2018
Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.
‘Energy Independence’ Hawks Caricature Trump Auto Rule
By Marlo Lewis, Jr., CEI, Sep 21, 2018
Link to report: The Military Cost of Defending the Global Oil Supply
By Staff Writers, Securing America’s Future Energy, 2018
[SEPP Comment: The report is obsolete. Except for the one in 2016, the seven studies relied upon are dated 2009 or earlier. The oil market has drastically changed. In case of war, America does not need to defend oil supplies from the Mid-East.]
“Ninety-seven percent of scientists agree: climate change is real, man-made and dangerous”… Survey Says: NOT!
Guest dredging up the past by David Middleton, WUWT, Sep 6, 2018
Expanding the Orthodoxy
7 Attorney General Offices Are Running Private Investigations for A Billionaire
This is the second scheme we have found of donors and elected officials using nonprofits as ‘cutouts’ to provide staff, consultant, PR and legal support for climate-activist officeholders.
By Christopher Horner, The Federalist, Sep 13, 2018 [H/t Cooler Heads]
CEI Report Details Scheme Privately Funding Governors’ Offices to Push Partisan Climate Change Agenda
Press Release, CIE, Sep 11, 2018
‘Big Green, Inc.’: Inside the $4 Billion Wealthy Liberal Foundations Handed to Environmentalists
By Michael Bastasch, Daily Caller, Sep 17, 2018
How to Bypass Voters and Push a Climate Change Agenda in 5 Steps
By Richard Morrison, CEI, Sep 17, 2018 [H/t Cooler Heads]
5 City Pension Systems Invest in Climate Change
By Bob Hennelly, The Chief Leader, Sep 17, 2018
Exxon Mobil, Chevron join climate initiative
By Timothy Cama, The Hill, Sep 20, 2018
Questioning European Green
Germany is razing a 12,000-year-old forest to make way for a coal mine
By Jill Petzinger, Quartz, Sep 13, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
[SEPP Comment: Claimed to be an “old growth forest.” The trees in photos indicate otherwise.]
‘Green’ home heating fuels causing ‘extreme levels of air pollution’
Scientists at NUI Galway say recurrence of smog likely in Ireland
By Bevin O’Sullivan, The Irsih Times, Sep 14, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
The costs and fallibility of UK Weather Dependent Renewables 2017 – 2018
Guest essay by Ed Hoskins, WUWT, Sep 17, 2018
Questioning Green Elsewhere
Ontario government moves to scrap Green Energy Act
By Paola Loriggio, The Globe and Mail, Toronto, Sep 20, 2018 [H/t Cooler Heads]
Pace and Scale: Investor leadership at the Global Climate Action Summit and beyond
By Mindy Lubber, Forbes, Sep 12, 2018
Cap-and-Trade and Carbon Taxes
Why Higher Pollution Costs Aren’t Denting Coal Demand in EU
By Mathew Carr, Jeremy Hodges, and Anna Shiryaevskaya, Bloomberg, Sep 19, 2018 [H/t GWPF]
Subsidies and Mandates Forever
How Solar And Wind Mandates Tax The Poor And Middle Class
By Stephen Moore, IBD, Sep 18, 2018
EPA and other Regulators on the March
EPA to abandon restrictions against chemical linked to climate change
By Miranda Green, The Hill, Sep 20, 2018
Industry wins big in methane rules rollback
By Timothy Cama, The Hill, Sep 20, 2018
Energy Issues – Non-US
TRILLIONS of pounds AT RISK as fossil fuels face peak demand in 2020s – report
DEMAND for fossil fuels will peak in the 2020s, with trillions of pounds at risk for investors who do not see the future changes coming, a report predicts.
By Staff Writers, Sunday Express, Sep 11, 2018
Energy Issues — US
The US Natural Gas Pipeline System Needs to Be Expanded and Upgraded
By Jude Clemente, Real Clear Energy, Sep 21, 2018
Air conditioners save 20,000 lives in USA each year
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Sep 21, 2018
Link to paper: Adapting to Climate Change: The Remarkable Decline in the US Temperature-Mortality Relationship over the Twentieth Century
By Alan Barreca, Journal of Political Economy, Feb 2016
Study: Grid security needs to be a team sport
By Mark Rockwell, FCW, Sep 6, 2018
Link to report Resilience for Grid Security Emergencies
By Paul Stockton, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, 2018
American Consumers Reap the Benefits of Energy Technology
By Matthew Kandrach, Real Clear Energy, Sep 19, 2018
New York clean energy ecosystem: Six statewide green projects pushing back against Trump
By Felix Todd, Compelo, Sep 13, 2018
“Earlier this year, Governor Cuomo announced the single largest commitment to renewable energy by a state in US history with a $1.4bn (£1.1bn) investment to fund 26 projects across New York.
“These include 22 utility-scale solar farms, three wind farms and one hydroelectric project that, when combined, have the potential to power more than 430,000 homes and create over 3,000 jobs.”
Washington’s Control of Energy
Federal Court Pulls Natural Gas Pipeline Permits
By Joe Barnett, Heartland, Sep 13, 2018
[In response to a court decision] “The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission ordered a halt to construction on the 600-mile pipeline Atlantic Coast Pipeline designed to carry natural gas across West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina.”
Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?
An Objective Look at Deep Water Drilling
By Donn Dears, Energy For USA, Sep 18, 2018
‘Peak Oil’ is Now Demand, not Supply
By Michael Lynch, Master Resource, Sep 17, 2018
Return of King Coal?
Navajo-owned coal plant to be shut down despite Interior push to keep open
By Miranda Green, The Hill, Sep 21, 2018
Oil Spills, Gas Leaks & Consequences
Deadly Dangers Lurk in Natural Gas Distribution Lines
By Robert Rapier, Forbes, Sep 17, 2018
Teen killed in natural gas explosions laid to rest
By Staff Writers, WCVB News, Boston, Sep 20, 2018
Nuclear Energy and Fears
Who Killed the Small Modular Reactor Programme?
Guest post by Andy Dawson, Energy Matters, Sep 17, 2018
[SEPP Comment: An abridged version on the full report linked in last week’s TWTW.]
The bright light of nuclear fusion might burn away climate doomsters’ fears
By Larry Kummer. From the Fabius Maximus website, WUWT, Sep 17, 2018
Betting the House on Plant Vogtle
By Joseph Pokalsky, Master Resource, Sep 18, 2018
Had They Bet On Nuclear, Not Renewables, Germany & California Would Already Have 100% Clean Power
By Michael Shellenberger, Forbes, Sep 11, 2018
Time Magazine “Hero of the Environment
Help the public understand radiation, advises cancer expert
By Staff Writers, WNN, Sep 10, 2018 [H/t Toshio Fujita]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Solar and Wind
A Dismaying New Study Finds Bat Habitat Loss Extends ‘At Least 1000 Meters From A Wind Turbine’
By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, Sep 20, 2018
Boston University to buy wind power in South Dakota to offset emissions
By Staff Writers, KSFY TV, Boston, Sep 18, 2018
[SEPP Comment: The article realizes that every electron generated in South Dakota will not make it to Boston but fails to mention that Boston U. is not paying for the cost of making the electricity stable.]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy — Other
EPA publishes data on ethanol rule exemptions
By Timothy Cama, The Hill, Sep 20, 2018
Link to Website: Public Data for the Renewable Fuel Standard
By Staff Writers, 2018
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy – Vehicles
Uh, oh. More car manufacturers caught cheating on emissions tests
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Sep 21, 2018
Link to paper: Country- and manufacturer-level attribution of air quality impacts due to excess NOx emissions from diesel passenger vehicles in Europe
By Guillaume P. Chossière, et al. Atmospheric Environment, Sep 2018
Why running your washing machine in the evening could soon cost you more money
By Tony Biziak, Sacramento Bee CA, Sep 18, 2018 [H/t Paul Homewood]
[SEPP Comment: Or your air conditioner.]
A climate of poverty in California
By Susan Shelley, Orange County Register, Sep 15, 2018 [H/t Toshio Fujita]
Brown signs California law intended to curb plastic straws in restaurants
By Megan Keller, The Hill, Sep 20, 2018
Berkeley city council passes resolution requiring vegan ‘Green Mondays’
By Avery Anapol, The Hill, Sep 18, 2018
Greenpeace’s “Making Oil History Tour”- Courtesy Of Diesel Engines
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Sep 16, 2018
Pipeline Opposition Impedes Climate Change Mitigation
By Richard J. Pierce, Jr., The Regulatory Review, Sep 13, 2018
Slew of environmental lawsuits aren’t about climate change, they’re about attacking energy companies
By Kevin Mooney, Washington Examiner, Sep 17, 2018
‘Settled Science’ On Obama School Lunch Program Turns Out To Be Junk — What’s Next?
Editorial, IBD, Sep 21, 2018
Other Scientific News
Almost Earth-like, We’re Certain
Guest Essay by Kip Hansen, WUWT, Sep 4, 2018
[SEPP Comment: Light reading in what is earth-like? Uses a table to show, but does not discuss, a problem with the false claim that Venus is an example of “run-away greenhouse effect.” As the Soviets discovered in its planetary missions, Venus has an atmospheric pressure at the surface of about 93 earth’s atmospheres, creating enormous heat and not exactly comfortable for any life forms with lungs.]
Other News that May Be of Interest
Worst Storm Ever: Over 8,000 people killed in UK in extreme storm that lasted nine days (in 1703)
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Sep 20, 2018
Hungry children wander among ruins, 30,000 people homeless in Florida after Cat 4 Hurricane (in 1926)
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Sep 22, 2018
Hurricane Brings Record Flooding To N Carolina–(In 1945)
By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Sep 21, 2018
BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Slow boat to ….?
By Staff Writers, Climate Change Predictions, Sep 21, 2018
“In 2007, Peter Flynn, the Poole Chair in Management for Engineers at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Alberta, devised a US$50-billion contingency plan involving 8,000 barges that would manipulate the Atlantic conveyor, the currents of water which help ensure Northern Europe’s mild climate.
“Flynn’s army of barges would maintain that mild climate in the face of global warming changing the currents and causing a deep freeze to fall over Northern Europe. The barges would float into position every fall, spraying water into the air to form ice and then pumping salt water over top and trapping it in the ice.
“Come the spring, the barges would pour more water over the ice, melting it and creating a vast amount of cold, salt water that would sink, adding to and strengthening the deep current.” National Observer, 20 May 2015
An outsized carbon paw print
By Staff Writers, Climate Change Predictions, Sep 20, 2018
“Enlightened animal lovers across the United States face a quandary: how to pamper beloved pets without adding to global warming or creating an outsized carbon paw print?
“Answers for the ecologically-aware pet owner were on offer at the Going Green With Pets conference at Manhattan’s tony Metropolitan Dog Club, with pointers on everything from whipping up biodegradable cat litter to choosing the best organic shampoo for one’s Lhasa Apso.
“The must-read primer for the environmentally aware pet owner is Eco-Dog, published in March and already in its second printing. The book is a how-to on making Fido a meal consisting of just rice and beans or how to convert a faded pair of blue jeans into a dog bed.”
The Age (Australia), 26 Jun 2008
1. Colorado’s Fracking Fright
Proposition 112 would prohibit almost all new oil and gas production.
Editorial, WSJ, Sep 20, 2018
SUMMARY: The editorial states:
“California normally gets all the attention on the front lines of environmental activism. Gov. Jerry Brown recently signed a bill to “decarbonize” all electricity production by 2045. But in real-world implications for the rest of the country, Colorado also deserves attention. A measure heading for the fall ballot would shut down nearly all oil and gas production in one of the top energy-producing states.
“Colorado’s current rules on energy production prohibit oil and gas operations within 500 feet of a home or 1,000 feet of a school or hospital. But an environmental group called Colorado Rising has collected enough signatures for a proposal on the November ballot to expand these buffer zones and effectively create bans in nearly all of the state.
“Proposition 112 would restrict new energy development within a 2,500-foot radius of any building, playground, amphitheater, park, body of water or “any other additional vulnerable areas designated by the state or local government.” The restrictions rule out 85% of all non-federal land in the state, according to the Colorado Oil & Gas Conservation Commission. In the five counties that produce 90% to 95% of Colorado’s oil and gas, 94% of non-federal land would be off-limits. The implications of such a ban would be national. Colorado ranks fifth among the states in production of natural gas and seventh for oil.
“In the first year the restrictions would take $201 million to $258 million out of state and local tax revenue. As energy production dwindled, that loss could rise to $1.1 billion annually by 2030, according to a Common Sense Policy Roundtable analysis reviewed by faculty from the Colorado School of Mines. The ban could kill up to 147,800 jobs and reduce state GDP by perhaps $218 billion between 2018 and 2030.
After stating that candidates for governor from both major parties oppose the proposition, the editorial continues:
“Score one for the reality check of having to face voters in a general election. In 2014 [Democrat candidate] Mr. Polis financed campaigns for ballot initiatives to expand buffer zones and allow more local restrictions on energy production. Prop. 112’s restrictions go further.
“Colorado isn’t California yet. In 2016 environmentalists failed to get enough signatures to put a similarly draconian measure on the ballot. Also that year, the Colorado Supreme Court overturned a Fort Collins fracking moratorium and a ban in Longmont.
“Colorado Rising claims this new effort was ‘started by local people and grassroots groups across the state.’ That’s false modesty. Spokeswoman Anne Lee Foster admitted that Food and Water Watch and 350.org, both national green groups, had given nearly $250,000 to the effort. The Sierra Club, Greenpeace, the Center for Biological Diversity and Earth Guardians have endorsed Prop. 112.
“If this proposition passes in Colorado, the same de facto bans on energy production will migrate to other states.”
2. Weary of Power Outages, Puerto Ricans Find Solace in Solar
From families to factories, demand rises for renewable energy separate from the unreliable electric grid
By Erin Ailworth and Arian Campo-Flores, WSJ, Sep 21, 2018
[SEPP Comment: The sad state of affairs in Puerto Rico where citizens and businesses are turning to erratic solar power because it is more reliable than the state-run utilities.]
SUMMARY: The article begins:
“Rafael Guzmán and Leinaí Romero spent more than four months without power after Hurricane Maria struck last September, relying on a generator to run a refrigerator, two fans and cellphone chargers. When the married couple learned in April they were having a baby, they made a pledge: ‘We aren’t going through that again.’
“They installed 16 solar panels on the roof of their home in Caguas, south of San Juan, and a battery that charges during the day and allows them to run appliances and a TV at night, said Mr. Guzmán, a 29-year-old accountant.
“With a financing plan to cover the $21,000 price tag, their monthly payment of $220 is about the same as their average electric bill before the switch.
“Residents and businesses in Puerto Rico increasingly are investing in renewable-energy technologies, mainly solar, to guard against power outages from the island’s still-rickety electric grid. Solar panel and battery makers like Tesla Inc., Sunrun Inc. and Sonnen are pushing into the market. As Puerto Rico seeks to wean itself off imported fuels to generate power, it is emerging as a proving ground for renewable energy.
“There has been ‘exponential growth for the solar and storage industries in Puerto Rico,’ said Adam Gentner, Sonnen’s director of business development and Latin American expansion.
“The renewable-energy push comes as the U.S. territory’s debt-ridden public power utility, the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority, or Prepa, grapples with its future. Last year’s hurricanes devastated the system. All of Prepa’s nearly 1.6 million customers lost power after Hurricane Maria, and only last month did the utility announce it had restored power to all of Puerto Rico.
“Even before that, the island’s electric grid was vulnerable to disruptions. Its power plants are nearly 30 years older than the U.S. average and prone to outages at a rate of 12 times the national average, according to the federal Energy Information Administration.
“Puerto Rico depends on imported fuels, mainly petroleum, which alone accounted for nearly half of its electricity production in the fiscal year ended June 2017, with natural gas and coal accounting for most of the remainder, according to the EIA. About 2% of the island’s power came from renewable resources, including solar and wind.
“Political and business leaders say the island must boost the role of renewable energy, in part to increase the system’s reliability. In July, Puerto Rico Industrial Development Co., an economic development agency, put out a request for proposals for some of its industrial sites that house large companies like Honeywell International Inc. and Baxter International Inc. It aims to equip the facilities with microgrids—local power systems that can disconnect from the main grid and function autonomously—that include renewable sources.
“Homeowners and small- and medium-size businesses are setting up solar systems to supply backup power in the event of an outage. and reduce dependence on the grid. Since Maria, demand for batteries—which allow customers to store solar-generated power—has soared, said Alejandro Uriarte, chief executive of New Energy Consultants & Contractors LLC, a solar installation company in San Juan.”