Final Instruments on NASA Climate/Weather Satellite Integrated

From the “weather is not climate department” a tool that will measure both.

NASA’s NPP weather satellite shown in a Ball Aerospace clean room where the instruments have be integrated and the spacecraft is now preparing for environmental testing prior to its October 2011 launch. Credit: Ball Aerospace The NPP satellite was a pre-cursor mission to the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) that has recently been restructured. The last instrument, Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS), is an advanced atmospheric sensor, built by ITT Corporation, Fort Wayne, Ind. Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., Boulder, Colo., built the NPP spacecraft and is performing the integration and checkout of the NPP satellite.

GREENBELT, Md. – The last of five instruments slated to fly on the upcoming NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) climate and weather satellite have been successfully integrated, according to NASA officials. The polar-orbiting satellite is scheduled to launch in late 2011.

The CrIS mechanical, electrical and performance testing was successfully completed and the NPP Satellite team is now working to finish the satellite Pre-Environmental Test baseline performance phase. The Environmental Test flow, which includes Dynamics, Electromagnetic Compatibility, and Thermal testing, is scheduled to begin this October.

The five-instrument suite will collect and distribute remotely sensed land, ocean, and atmospheric data to the meteorological and global climate change communities. It will provide atmospheric and sea surface temperatures, humidity sounding, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties and total/profile ozone measurements.

NASA's NPP weather satellite shown in a Ball Aerospace clean room.

> View larger image

NPP’s five-instrument suite will monitor Earth’s weather, atmosphere, oceans, land and near-space environment. The instruments are the Visible/Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS); Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS); Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS); Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS); Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES). Credit: Ball Aerospace Data produced by the CrIS instrument combined with data from the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder, another NPP instrument, will provide global atmospheric temperature, moisture and pressure profiles from space.

The other three instruments include: the Visible/Infrared Imager/Radiometer Suite, which will collect information about atmospheric clouds, the earth radiation budget, clear-air land/water surfaces, sea surface temperature, ocean color, and produces low light visible imagery; the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite, which will monitor ozone and continue the daily global data produced by the current ozone monitoring systems, but with higher fidelity and the Cloud and Earth Radiant Energy System that will measure the Earth’s radiant energy balance and help researchers to develop improved weather forecasts and climate model predictions.

The NPP mission is a NASA-managed project to provide continuity with NASA’s Earth Observing System measurements and to provide risk reduction for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) managed by the NPOESS Integrated Program Office, a tri-agency program made up of NASA, NOAA and the U.S. Department of Defense. However in 2010, due to cost overruns and delays, a task force led by the President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy recommended against continuing NPOESS.

NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center manages the NPP mission on behalf of the Earth Science Division of the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters, Washington.

Goddard Release No. 10-063

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42 thoughts on “Final Instruments on NASA Climate/Weather Satellite Integrated

  1. Sorry for the OT, but can someone at WUWT take a look at the following paper. Does this not show a direct correlation between global temps and the sun’s angular momentum, disputing the notion ‘it’s not the sun, it’s CO2’ ?:
    ‘I do not expect that the effects of man-made greenhouse gases will eliminate the sun’s predominance. If these effects were as strong as the IPCC pretends, my diverse climate forecasts, exclusively based on solar activity, would not have had any chance to turn out correct. This all the more so as they cover recent years and decades the warming of which, according to IPCC statements, cannot be explained by natural forcing.’
    http://bourabai.narod.ru/landscheidt/new-e.htm
    His latest paper supports earlier findings:
    http://landscheidt.auditblogs.com/2010/06/07/scafettas-new-paper/
    Again sorry for the OT
    Rob

  2. I think this would be more fun to work on than evangelizing Muslims. This guy wearing a kufi?
    I hope NASA can be salvaged. I oppose the anti science mission and spending cuts.

  3. That still gives Hansen some time to figure out how to “adjust” the temperature data to make it correspond to the temperatures measured at airports. He was getting scared for a while.

  4. However in 2010, due to cost overruns and delays, a task force led by the President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy recommended against continuing NPOESS.

    But we just sent $500 million to Pakistan.
    If we have no money, why shut down drilling? Offshore oil production garners an 18.5% royalty.

  5. A few years ago the regulars at RealClimate were talking about a satellite which could have “proven” global warming which had apparently been shelved by Bush-Cheney. Does anyone else remember this conversation, and if so has the mothballed satellite ever been launched?

  6. Henry chance says:
    July 27, 2010 at 11:38 am

    If we have no money, why shut down drilling? Offshore oil production garners an 18.5% royalty.

    I could say because Obama is simply a flaming idiot. But that would not be completely accurate. In reality, every move and decision Obama makes is dictated by one over-riding concern. His ego.

  7. Since NOAA and NASA are behind this satellite, can we trust the information gleamed from it? I am asking a serious question.

  8. Anyone else note that the worker is kneeling in a clean room in order to access the equipment. This seems like the wrong activity to be doing in a clean room. Shouldn’t the holder the device is mounted on rotate / elevate to allow access to the components?

  9. a reader says:
    July 27, 2010 at 11:55 am
    A few years ago the regulars at RealClimate were talking about a satellite which could have “proven” global warming which had apparently been shelved by Bush-Cheney. Does anyone else remember this conversation, and if so has the mothballed satellite ever been launched?
    I don’t know if this is it, but check this out. This mission is scheduled to launch later this decade. If I understand it correctly, it’s designed to measure the earth’s energy budget extremely accurately.
    http://clarreo.larc.nasa.gov/index.php
    (new(ish) here, so would appreciate some help if the link doesn’t work).
    Exerpt:
    “CLARREO is a climate-focused mission set to launch in the latter part of this decade. The goal of the mission is to measure tiny, incremental changes in the amount of energy entering and leaving Earth’s atmosphere — with such accuracy that even minor global warming trends over the course of a decade will be detected with confidence. These climate change measurements will carry the “fingerprints” of what caused them, including those caused by human activity.”

  10. The first sentence of this article seems to imply that the author does not believe that there is a difference between climate and weather. I find it hard to believe that that is true. Is this simply a matter of rhetorical flourish or do you really not see a difference?

  11. Anyone else note that the worker is kneeling in a clean room in order to access the equipment. This seems like the wrong activity to be doing in a clean room.
    The technician is not kneeling on the floor. He looks to be kneeling on the platform to which the satellite is attached.
    In either case, a clean room implies that even the floor should be clean and dust free.

  12. interesting response by Diana Liverman to michael “IPCC” oppenheimer’s mexican immigration “study”:
    Arizona Daily Star: Climate change predicted to cause Mexican influx
    “Our intention was to show that this problem is a substantial one,” said one of the study’s authors, Michael Oppenheimer, a Princeton professor of geosciences and international affairs. “Our goal was not to project specific outcomes 80 years from now but to show the magnitude of problems that policymakers ought to pay more attention to. I don’t want to say that this will be the single biggest factor driving immigration, but it could become among the largest factors.”…
    Diana Liverman, a University of Arizona climate researcher, criticized the new study for basing its forecasts in part on research that she worked on in the early 1990s that looked at crop yields in only two central Mexico sites.
    In reply, Oppenheimer said the Princeton study found similar results in a second crop-yield study, and the crop reductions predicted for Mexico are typical of what has been predicted for other countries in that latitude.
    Liverman said that while she believes climate change could cause widespread migration, she has seen no study documenting it. Having studied the problems of Mexican farmers for two decades, she said she has found that a bad economy, the government’s withdrawal of agricultural subsidies and the North American Free Trade Agreement have caused problems far greater than climate change.
    While disagreeing with the study’s specific forecasts, several outside researchers said climate migration should be considered over the coming years.
    “The study should be seen for what it is, which is an original and rigorous modeling of the relationship between climate change, agricultural yields and migration,” said Ian Goldin, director of the James Martin 21st Century School at the University of Oxford, in Britain…
    http://azstarnet.com/news/local/border/article_7a77f457-a50d-5c40-b26a-a8072befedfe.html
    bbc editorialises twice with unnamed “experts” and manages to politicise with “hottest june” and arizona’s immigration law. at least they mention oppenheimer’s IPCC connection:
    BBC: Climate change ‘will increase Mexico-US migration’
    Many climate experts say human activity is contributing to an increasingly warm planet.
    And now a team of researchers led by Michael Oppenheimer says rising temperatures affecting crops through floods, droughts, and stronger storms will induce some workers to relocate…
    Mr Oppenheimer, a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, said the findings drew attention to “the need to grapple with greenhouse gases”.
    Experts say these findings are also relevant to other regions around the world, from Africa to Australia – where Mr Oppenheimer’s team predicts migration will become a “significant issue”.
    The study on Mexican migration comes after last month was declared by scientists to be the hottest June on record…
    Meanwhile, a new immigration law is set to take effect on 29 July in the US state of Arizona, which will make it a crime to be in the state without immigration papers.
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-10770674

  13. The press release is rather shoddy. NPOESS is not going away per-se. NOAA/NASA are going to be responsible for the afternoon polar-orbiter (NPP and first NPOESS) while DoD will be responsible for mid-morning orbit (second NPOESS)….rather than all three agencies maintaining such a “close” relationship with all three platforms. Actually, NPOESS is now being called the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS). These satellites combine the science/research needs of NASA with the operational meteorology needs of NOAA on one platform, and the instruments are mainly just next-generation sensors: ATMS to replace AMSU and MHS, VIIRS to replace MODIS, and CrIS to replace AIRS, with a bit higher spatial resolution and complete global coverage (no orbital gaps). There have been so many issues with CrIS and VIIRS, who knows what the data quality will really be once NPP is in orbit. NPP was originally supposed to be non-operational, as the bridge between the POES and NPOESS eras, to test out instruments and calibration and also the ground systems which will need to handle many Terabytes of data every day. But of course with the delays, it could be pushed into operations. In terms of climate, the ATMS data will be used to extend the MSU/AMSU climate record (microwave radiances) into the future (done at UAH), new and legacy level 2 and level 3 algorithms will be able to retrieve cloud, water vapor, SST info much like what is done with MODIS and AIRS currently, etc.

  14. Is that … John Kerry in a bunny suite again doing the inspection … oh – never mind, he’s busy taking questions about why he bought his yacht in RI instead of his home state (MA) and saving $500K in taxes …
    .

  15. Robert Field says:
    July 27, 2010 at 11:23 am (Edit)
    Sorry for the OT, but can someone at WUWT take a look at the following paper. Does this not show a direct correlation between global temps and the sun’s angular momentum, disputing the notion ‘it’s not the sun, it’s CO2′ ?:

    There are a couple of websites researching the question about angular momentum. I run one of them, Geoff Sharp runs another. Click my name and have a look around the archives. You’ll find a link to Geoff’s site there as well.
    There are some old threads here where the subject got a good airing, but we generally keep off the topic here now.

  16. Mike86 July 27, 2010 at 1:01 pm says:
    Anyone else note that the worker is kneeling in a clean room in order to access the equipment. This seems like the wrong activity to be doing in a clean room. …

    Never mind that – he’s under what may be a ton (or more) of gear and I don’t see a safety jack, instead he’s depending *only* on whatever brake the positioner employs …
    .

  17. Peter says:
    July 27, 2010 at 1:32 pm (Edit)
    The first sentence of this article seems to imply that the author does not believe that there is a difference between climate and weather. I find it hard to believe that that is true. Is this simply a matter of rhetorical flourish or do you really not see a difference?

    Climate is, perforce, the integral of weather. What else would it be made of?

  18. It will provide atmospheric and sea surface temperatures, humidity sounding, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties and total/profile ozone measurements.
    Anybody else notice something conspicuously absent from this list. 🙂

  19. ‘Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder’
    Who comes up with these names? I really can’t wait for the next generation of microwave sounder which presumably will be called something like Even More Advanced Technology Than The Last One Microwave Sounder or EMATTTLOMS for short.

  20. tallbloke: Sooo…that sounds like they are different to me, much as I would say that acceleration and velocity are different, although one is the integral of the other. I’m not sure whether you are agreeing with me or not.

  21. is “integrated” techno-speak for “installed” and/or “plugged in?”
    I just want to know for the next time I “integrate” my waffle iron before “ingressing” breakfast to my stomach.

  22. O/T apologies, but re Oppenheimer “study”, just noticed the late Stephen Schneider was the Editor!
    PNAS: Linkages among climate change, crop yields and Mexico–US cross-border migration
    Authors: Shuaizhang Feng, Alan B. Krueger and Michael Oppenheimer
    *****Edited* by Stephen H. Schneider, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, and approved June 24, 2010 (received for review March 3, 2010) …
    The authors declare no conflict of interest….
    ↵*This Direct Submission article had a prearranged editor…
    http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2010/07/16/1002632107

  23. I don’t know why, but somehow I get the feeling that this satellite’s climate data may be a little more reliable than the tree rings from Mann’s carefully selected split bark bristlecones.

  24. Just in time to see lucifer go for a walk 2016-17 parched and dry Earth… and the Murphy Winter -2019

  25. <IThe NPP mission is a NASA-managed project to provide continuity with NASA’s Earth Observing System measurements and to provide risk reduction for the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) managed by the NPOESS Integrated Program Office, a tri-agency program made up of NASA, NOAA and the U.S. Department of Defense. However in 2010, due to cost overruns and delays, a task force led by the President’s Office of Science and Technology Policy recommended against continuing NPOESS.
    So, is this bird going to fly?
    If NASA needs a place to save some money I’ve got a really, really, good suggestion.

  26. tallbloke says:
    July 27, 2010 at 2:57 pm

    It will provide atmospheric and sea surface temperatures, humidity sounding, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties and total/profile ozone measurements.
    Anybody else notice something conspicuously absent from this list. 🙂

    Wind. Very important in evaporation, heat, and water vapor transport. The CRN stations don’t measure wind either. Grr. If they did, one could infer a lot about the regional weather that day.

  27. We will always have the answer next year or next decade that proves something or other is right. If it was right the answer would already be evident! Better resolution measurements only delays having the answer until the answer means nothing.

  28. Does it also broadcast a “wizard of oz” hologram of Hansen’s disturbing visage?
    Chris
    Norfolk, VA, USA

  29. My understanding is that CO2 levels differ very very little from one place to another. I have heard it referred to as a well-mixed gas. Readings such as temperature and humidity, on the other hand, do change rather dramatically from one location to another. So my guess is that they are not measuring CO2 levels because it would not be interesting data and it is easier and cheaper to do from the existing land-based stations that are doing exactly that.

  30. Curiousgeorge says:
    July 27, 2010 at 12:22 pm
    and by the his fund managers $150 m worth from his election campagne

  31. Ric Werme says:
    July 27, 2010 at 6:51 pm (Edit)
    tallbloke says:
    July 27, 2010 at 2:57 pm
    It will provide atmospheric and sea surface temperatures, humidity sounding, land and ocean biological productivity, cloud and aerosol properties and total/profile ozone measurements.
    Anybody else notice something conspicuously absent from this list. 🙂
    Wind.

    Neat idea, they should have put a confetti throwing machine on board so they could image the wind. 🙂

  32. pat says:
    July 27, 2010 at 2:08 pm
    interesting response by Diana Liverman to michael “IPCC” oppenheimer’s mexican immigration “study”:
    _____________________________________________________
    I notice they mentioned the free trade agreements, but did not mention how many Mexican farmers were driven off the land and the rest of the complications. To actually understand the problem you need to realize all the repercussions of the “free trade” agreements.
    Former US president Bill Clinton admits that the US ‘free trade’ policy has forced millions of people in third world countries into poverty and starvation.
    “Today’s global food crisis shows we all blew it, including me when I was president, by treating food crops as commodities instead of as a vital right of the world’s poor, Bill Clinton has told a UN gathering.
    Clinton took aim at decades of international policymaking by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and others, encouraged by the US, that pressured Africans in particular into dropping government subsidies for fertiliser, improved seed and other farm inputs, in economic “structural adjustments” required to win northern aid. Africa’s food self-sufficiency subsequently declined and food imports rose.
    “Food is not a commodity like others,” Clinton said. “We should go back to a policy of maximum food self-sufficiency. It is crazy for us to think we can develop countries around the world without increasing their ability to feed themselves.”
    [November 2008]
    In the dozens of countries where the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank have imposed structural adjustment programs (SAPs), the people who have seen deterioration in their standards of living, reduced access to public services, devastated environments, and plummeting employment prospect
    More recently:
    I wish I could tell you this was an April Fools joke. I really do.
    “About a month ago [April 2010] Bill Clinton sat in congress and admitted that he played a vital part in the willful destruction of the agricultural base of Haiti in order to “relieve them of the burden of producing their own food so they could leap right into the industrial revolution“. Not only does he try to pass off their neoliberalization scheme as a “mistake” but he admits it was really only good for ”some of my farmers (subsidized rice farmers) in Arkansas“….”
    Here is the nitty gritty on what has actually happened in Mexico thanks to President Clinton’s attack on wold farming through NAFTA and the World Trade Organizations Agreement on Agriculture.
    “According to a study by Jose Romero and Alicia Puyana carried out for the federal government of Mexico, between 1992 and 2002, the number of agricultural households fell an astounding 75% – from 2.3 million to 575, 000…..
    The vacuum created by retreat of the Mexican state from agriculture was filled by large US and Mexican agribusiness. In the post-NAFTA period the bulk of FDI in agricultural sector has been in the agri-business and agro-processing rather than agriculture[15]. As a result a few large trans-national agribusiness firms, mostly US and Mexican, dominate storage, flour milling, grain trading[16] and meat processing. Put differently they dominate the intermediation chain that takes crop or cattle and makes it a marketable commodity. Transnational agribusiness has used this dominant position and a process of vertical and horizontal integration to establish an overwhelming presence in the market for wheat, rice, corn, soya, poultry, meat, pork and eggs….
    There has been a significant increase in migration out of rural areas as livelihoods are lost and farms have been abandoned. The hope was that this migration out of low-productivity agriculture would be absorbed into higher-productivity non-agrarian urban employment. But anemic employment growth in the post-NAFTA period, particularly in manufacturing[20], put paid to that…..To put this in context between 1994 and 2004, Mexico’s labour force grew by approximately 1 million annually[25]. So effectively today Mexico imports food from the USA and exports farmers and agricultural labour.
    It is not just the fact that Mexico’s small and marginal farmers have borne the brunt of the adjustment of Mexican agriculture’s integration into global markets. The spike in food prices in the last couple of years has put enormous pressure on its BOP and the agricultural trade deficit that had begun narrowing has widened sharply,….price increases has meant that import costs of oilseeds, milk, eggs, meat and meat products has increased significantly. At the same time prices for most of Mexico’s agricultural exports such as fruits and vegetables have either stagnated or declined.
    In many ways therefore, despite the strides in agricultural exports, Mexico’s NAFTA based transnational agri-business driven agricultural strategy must be deemed a failure. Food production has stagnated, cultivated area under food production has declined and the underinvestment that has characterized Mexican agriculture in the 1980s has not been reversed. The problem of food security has reappeared and because of large migration of farmers and farm labour to USA, depleting the rural countryside of the human resources it requires for an agrarian revival, even if public policy chose to focus on it…
    …it is important to remember that 95 percent of the world small and marginal farmers live in poor, developing countries and that 75% of the world’s poor survive on agriculture. For developing countries therefore the key to both food security and livelihood security is the ability to protect small and marginal farmers from unfair competition…[There are] 450 million small and marginal farmers (globally)…”
    http://www.countercurrents.org/mohanty230608.htm
    Other Reading:
    Food Security, Farming, CAFTA and the WTO
    Undermining Abundance: The Big Business of Creating Scarcity
    History, the International HACCP regs and Food
    Stolen harvest: the hijacking of the global food supply

  33. pat says:
    July 27, 2010 at 2:08 pm
    interesting response by Diana Liverman to michael “IPCC” oppenheimer’s mexican immigration “study”:…..
    BBC: Climate change ‘will increase Mexico-US migration’
    ________________________________________________________________
    As I showed above “Climate change ‘will increase Mexico-US migration’” is an absolute crock of bovine excrement.
    It is the international “free trade” agreements that are the primary hazard to food security, employment and have caused increase Mexico-US migration’
    This is not the first time I saw BBC blame global warming for the results of big Ag aggression.
    On October 11, 2009 the Guardian UK published a story titled “Food, famine & climate change: India’s scorched earth” They go on to recount a story of a widow whose husband commited suicide by drinking pesticide. “Suicide is the latest epidemic among farming communities as climate change parches the heart of India, destroying agriculture and plunging the poorest families into crippling debt….”
    Again the story is an out right lie, leaving out the real facts:
    The suicides are not a one off caused by a drought in one season.
    Farmer suicides in India: “Now the full toll—surely among the largest sustained waves of suicides in human history—is becoming apparent. And as Sainath emphasizes, these numbers still underestimate the disaster, since women farmers are excluded from the official statistics… It is important that the figure of 150,000 farm suicides is a bottom line estimate…. As Professor Nagaraj puts it: “There is likely to be a serious underestimation of suicides…what has driven the huge increase in farm suicides, particularly in the Big Four or ’Suicide SEZ’ States? “Overall,” says Professor Nagaraj, “there exists since the mid-90s, an acute agrarian crisis. That’s across the country. In the Big Four and some other states, specific factors compound the problem…. Cultivation costs have shot up in these high input zones, with some inputs seeing cost hikes of several hundred per cent… Meanwhile, prices have crashed, as in the case of cotton, due to massive U.S.-EU subsidies to their growers. All due to price rigging with the tightening grip of large corporations over the trade in agricultural commodities.” http://alternatives-international.net/article1394.html
    http://www.counterpunch.org/sainath02122009.html
    Seems Auntie Beep doesn’t want to fess-up to the fact it is the EU Ag policies that are killing India’s farmers. It is so much easier to lay the blame on the monster under the bed – Global warming and not feel guilty. If course having your pension funds tied up in carbon trading wouldn’t have anything to do with the political spin no would it?
    Look who’s making money out of global warming scare…
    At £8 bn, the BBC has one of the UK’s biggest pension funds, and it’s headed by a guy who chairs an organization promoting investment in green industries.
    text

  34. Contractors will build anything you want if you pay the price. Want a great instrument panel? Design one. Then pay the price. Want a worthless, meaningless instrument panel? Design one. Then pay the price. – It would be foolish of us to ‘assume’ that NASA, NOAA, or anyone else has designed anything worth a tinker’s d, before it’s launched, tested, and starts sending back anything better than Ouji Board answers. Da’ Proofs in da Puddin! Let’s hope the same people who gave us AGW can do better this time.

  35. tallbloke says:
    July 28, 2010 at 1:13 am
    “Neat idea, they should have put a confetti throwing machine on board so they could image the wind. :-)”
    That’s one way it could be done.

  36. I suppose some people will find this encouraging and even a good thing, but in my opinion NASA cannot be trusted. Fancy scientific instruments will not change that.

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