Forbes: The Shipping Industry is Subsidising the Oil Industry by buying Oil

Guest essay by Eric Worrall

Forbes has set a new benchmark in green attempts to somehow demonstrate fossil fuels are subsidised, by suggesting that shipping companies buying heavy fuel oil of their own free will is a form of fossil fuel subsidy.

‘Climate-Farce’: Japan And The UN Shipping Agency’s Attitude To Climate Change

Nishan Degnarain
Contributor Manufacturing

Shipping’s dirty little secret

Global shipping has a dirty little secret.  It subsidizes the entire oil industry.

The oil that is burnt on ships is the stuff that the oil industry does not know what to do with.  It is the sludge at the end of the refining process.  There are many fancy names for it, but it is highly polluting, carbon-intensive and can cause serious human and environmental health conditions (one study estimates 40,000 deaths a year due to ship engine oil pollution alone).

If shipping did not take this thick oil residue, the oil industry would have to pay to dispose of it safely.  Right now, the ship fuel industry is worth around $150 billion a year.  

It essentially acts as a subsidy for the entire oil industry, by giving oil refineries a revenue stream and customer base who would pay to dispose of this material.  By having lax environmental controls, the global shipping industry is allowed to just burn this waste product oil into the atmosphere – it is as bad as having coal power stations on the oceans.  Actually, 60,000 of them, which is the size of the global ocean shipping fleet.

So assuming the cost of disposing of oil safely on land was double that of burning this off at sea for free, the true impact of lax environmental standards in global shipping could be as high as a $450 billion a year subsidy on the entire oil industry.

Why is this being allowed? That’s a good question for the G20.

Read more: https://www.forbes.com/sites/nishandegnarain/2020/09/19/climate-farce-japan-and-the-un-shipping-agencys-attitude-to-climate-change/

Forbes describes Nishan Degnarain as a “Developmental Economist”, but it is clear Nishan has a few things to learn about the oil industry.

There is no need to “dispose of” the residue left after lighter hydrocarbons have been removed from crude oil. If shipping companies were not interested in heavy fuel oil, it would be reprocessed, either turned into tarmac, or converted into gasoline through catalytic cracking.

116 thoughts on “Forbes: The Shipping Industry is Subsidising the Oil Industry by buying Oil

  1. Make hay (CO2?) while the sun shines. The petroleum for transportation (and apparently fuel cell and hydrogen) industry is doomed, I tell you:
    The E-Cat tests are (reportedly) going well: from http://rossilivecat.com

    “Frank Acland
    September 19, 2020 at 12:34 PM
    Dear Andrea,

    1. So far, are you satisfied with the performance of the E-Cat SKL during the time of the third party testing?

    2. Does the testing continue through this weekend?

    3. Do you still think you will do the presentation within the year 2020?

    Kind regards,

    Frank Acland

    Translate
    Andrea Rossi
    September 19, 2020 at 4:38 PM
    Frank Acland:
    1. yes
    2. yes
    3- yes
    Warm Regards,
    A.R.

    • I doubt that you are an engineer, though Rossi has fooled quite a few, the smart ones don’t fall for his fraud in the first place or eventually realize that they’ve been hoodwinked.

      • S/he claims to be an “enginer”, not an engineer. Of course there is the old joke about engineers from not-so-prestigious programs: Six months ago I couldn’t spel ungineer. Now i are one!

        Cold fusion. Riiiiiiigh, tuh!

      • Not exactly on target. It is about “heavy” oil also known as #6 oil. It is just a hair away from being asphalt. It has to be heated to flow. there are still a few utility boilers around that can burn it (as well as ships). but they are going away.

  2. “It subsidizes the entire oil industry.” Those bastichs!!!! Fueling their evil killer ships with oil.

    Would the greentards rather they use coal? Perhaps wood? They have already said they will not allow the wind to be subjugated to human’s evil designs.

      • So, let them. The shipping industry are big boys, they can do want they want… If it wasn’t fiscally prudent, then they would be doing this…

      • The article leaves you thinking that petroleum would be better left in the ground, and as I noted earlier, eventually what is left probably will be. But forget that argument. Time will tell.

        As regards “If shipping did not take this thick oil residue, the oil industry would have to pay to dispose of it safely” ignores the fact that Canada’s tar sands and some of the oil in Venezuela resembles this residue. As a child I was wheeled around the Brea Tar Pits in LA (during WW II) for outings. As an adult (engineer) at one point I helped produce cracking catalysts. Just a matter of adding hydrogen to carbon. But E=(delta m)c^2 is better.

        • Heavy oil will always have a multitude of uses beyond burning it for energy

          The oilsands will be in operation for hundreds of years unless someone invents something to fill all those needs

    • It’s even worse than that! They’re using barrels of oil to manufacture non-recyclable wind turbines, solar cells and car batteries, let alone the amount of oil required to mine all the materials! All these ‘subsidies’ should not be allowed / sarc.

      • “It’s even worse than that! They’re using barrels of oil to manufacture non-recyclable wind turbines, solar cells”

        Yes, it seems the “Renewables” industry of Wind and Solar, is also subsidizing the oil companies.

  3. Why let facts cloud a useful narrative in support of a noble cause, to wit saving the planet for world tyranny?

    • brian356, allow me to alter your post for greater impact.

      Why let facts cloud the blue sky of a noble cause, to wit, world tyranny?

    • Forbes magazine subsidises the oil industry by talking about industry.

      Trail thy coat and thee shall be rewarded.

  4. We’re nearing peak stupidity! We no longer have any journalists, only propaganda propagators. Which is why I’m so much happier that I’ve unplugged from cable!

    • Nah …. re peak stupidity remember this Al: Albert Einstein once said: “Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity.”

      • Infinite is misapplied to both: assuming the universe is infinite assumes that time goes on forever; I don’t it does, as human stupidity goes the same applies; if we’re lucky the human species doesn’t go on forever, so the stupidity is also limited.

  5. Forbes should write an article about Forbes subsidizing coal because Forbes doesn’t control how power is generated for the whole internet.

    • rhs: And the next month, how we subsidize NG industry, dammit! Forbes could report that some NG is flared off as waste, and here I am paying them for it!! If we weren’t buying it, they would have to pay to dispose it. Why, I’m just as big a chump as the shipping industry!

      Before anyone says they can dispose by flaring off for free, well, not if (there’s the word “if” again) we ban flaring it off and regulate (i.e., prohibit) it to be disposed under ground. Enviros certainly wouldn’t go so far, would they? My guess is they are already there and beyond.

  6. A never ending attempt to demonize fossil fuels and attack anyone using them. It’s the Marxist way of attacking Capitalism, the very source of their funds to exist. Anyone notice how the Marxists are out of their stealth mode and it’s no a longer considered conspiracy theory to mention them as the source and cause of world unrest?

  7. Right on, Eric. This is greenie whining from start to finish. “one study estimates 40,000 deaths per year…”? I have another study that says 40,000 lives per year are saved by products shipped by ocean freighters. Don’t ask me for the details though.

      • Biden said a few hours ago that 200 million Americans will have died by the end of his speech. The guy can’t do numbers.

        • I got into nisku late Thursday
          Biden town hall on CNN
          First think I heard was that trump is responsible for every covid death
          Not one person needed to die

          So now we know all USA deaths are Trumps fault

          Which leaves unexplained how anyone died in:
          Canada
          Britain
          Spain
          Italy
          Etc

          All place where Trump is not president

          Biden has the glazed look my dad had as he descended into Alzheimer’s

          • Earlier in the year Biden declared that 120 million Americans had died from Covid. At this rate, by November there will be no one left alive to vote for him.

            Fortunately for him, the Democrats have the cemetery vote locked up.
            Or should that be, down cold?

        • Oh my! I have heard of speeches putting folk to sleep, but killing two hundred million?
          That is one badass speech.

  8. The story is actually true, most container vessels are burning fuel with toxic waste. There is only one country where it’s legal to do this: the Netherlands. This fuel is so cheap what makes vessels coming from Asia crossing the Atlantic first going to Europe before continuing their route to America.

    There have been many reports about this issue, also aired on national TV.

    It is a huge polution problem.
    Examinationn of this bunker-fuel showed it contains toxic waste and traces of radio activity – both waste materials usually getting dumped by mafia in the soil of Napels or Mediterrian Sea. Decades before this stuf gets burned in special incinerators at the middle of the ocean (who remembers the ‘80s?)..

    The discovery of this article shouldn’t be the subside issue but the fact this bunker oil is still produced.

    • No, it is not true. Your claim that container vessels are burning toxic waste is not correct. Yes, it is true that there have been attempts at burying toxic waste in residual oil, and that is why shipping companies always sample what they buy and have it tested before use. There is also regulations in place prohibiting this, and anyone caught doing so will face severe penalty.

      In addition, the use of additives in residual oil can affect performance, wear and tear of the ship machinery. You can bet shipowners are not interested in that.

      As someone else noted, if shipowners do not buy residual oil it will be converted to other products through cracking and further processing. The mere idea of “disposing” with residual oil is silly. Burning it for the energy content is the best option. Modern ships actually have quite a processing plant onboard to handle exhaust gas emissions.

      That said, shipping has a relaxed set of criteria for pollutants that should be strengthened. And they will be. The recent move to 0.5% Sulfur (0.1% in special areas) is one such case, and we should learn from it. Sulfur is present in residual oil for its lubrication properties, when removing it there is a need for something else. And while all focus has been on removing Sulfur, noone has said anything about its replacement. We will be paying the price for that. Single issue focus should never be allowed.

  9. If you have it, oil brought it.

    As simple as it gets. Parts and sub-assemblies for your car. Your pajamas, jackets, bio tofu, name it. Gimmicks used to type and disseminate greenwashing. About everything surrounding us is related to long distance hauling.

    Be it air, sea, ground, anything we once knew how to do has to be hauled from where it’s now affordable to own. Or live without it.

  10. Oil should be transported by sailing ships. This method was proven centuries ago. With the modern advances in wind power the ships could have three or four Wind turbines an a bank of batteries to store excess generated power.
    They could even obtain power from the wind produced from forward motion. I did this as a kid by mounting the propeller from a model airplane onto a bicicle light generator and holding it out the car window. This produced a very bright light.
    /Sarc off/

    • Uzer,
      You should have said “semi-sarc off”. Oil was formerly processed and transported by sailing ships. The practice declined precipitously after the industry experienced peak whales.

  11. Perhaps Forbes should be asked to make a statement that their business does not use any fossil fuel power and not using any business equipment made via or transported via fossil fuel transport.

    If they refuse to answer then we start a campaign on social media – #forbeshipocrasy etc

    • Steve: Better question to Forbes- Why did they subsidize the glossy paper industry all those years (do they still?)? It saved those evil glossy paper people all the disposal costs of unrecycleable glossy paper!

  12. Alarmist idiots must be allergic to reality…

    Residual fuel oil: A general classification for the heavier oils, known as No. 5 and No. 6 fuel oils, that remain after the distillate fuel oils and lighter hydrocarbons are distilled away in refinery operations. It conforms to ASTM Specifications D 396 and D 975and Federal Specification VV-F-815C. No. 5, a residual fuel oil of medium viscosity, is also known as Navy Special and is defined in Military Specification MIL-F-859E, including Amendment 2 (NATO Symbol F-770). It is used in steam-powered vessels in government service and inshore powerplants. No. 6 fuel oil includes Bunker C fuel oil and is used for the production of electric power, space heating, vessel bunkering, and various industrial purposes.

    https://www.eia.gov/tools/glossary/index.php?id=residual%20fuel%20oil

    In Fig. 2, HFO, MDO/MGO, and LSHFO are considered Bunker fuels, which highlights a significant proportion of the merchant fleet is powered by this fuel type.

    https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/bunker-fuel

    • The industry is already being forced to make it cleaner and it might make sense to use a cleaner fuel oil near port. At sea, however, it’s like pissing into the wind, i.e. it makes no sense.

      Forbes is also wrong about the industry having to pay for its disposal without the shipping industry. Coking for example can be used to generate lighter fuels.

  13. This just in! Some people buy solar panels, effectively subsidizing their production. Looks like a Congressional investigation might be in order.

  14. What`s forbidden here (in Norway) is to drive cars on that stinky “solar- oil” or ship bunkers- oil.
    It is very well possible indeed if you maybe also dilute it enough with cheap enough kerosene. But, it is tax- free, and may contain up to 3-5% sulphur.

    “Clean diesel” is smelling of chemical laboratory, typical NO2 that is called “NOx”, which is a good sign of very high compression and efficiency. That smell tells of a very sublime and superbe diesel engine. (However toxic, by the way.)

    Compare to Detroyt diesel, turbo 2 stroke, that is severely strong because it runs on pure hydrogen, and recycles the carbon to where it came from, out in the air, from which it may be further disposen in the local village mainstreet if you use Detroyt diesel with hevy load and bottom throttle. Dragsters are run by it to give maximum smoke on the festivals also..

    But, one winter day I suddenly smelt something quite strange behind a private, 4 stroke diesel car. It was the characteristic smell of nitration acid, the mixture of HNO3 + H2SO4 quite exdactly.

    Which is surely the result and smell of cheapest possible fuel also for cars.

    There are “Heavy bunkers oils” so thick that they must heat it and keep it warm before it can float from the tanks and through the fuel and injection- pumps.

    But large and good diesels run very well on it.

    • And the scotch industry
      Internet
      Clothing
      Movies
      Books and magazines
      Gardening

      I’m a subsidy machine

      As is everyone

      As an interested observer, not a scientist, I find articles like this deeply disturbing

      The absence of logical rational thought in so much public discourse worries me far more than any potential climate outcome

      • I just finished one of my last Habana Cohibas, I am subsidizing evil tobacco AND evil Castro regime, and subsidizing evil oil to do it! Is there no end to the insidious evil of evil oil?

        • Did quite a few trips down there in the late 90s for Sherritt

          Had to get better than sitting on a patio with a Cohiba and a bottle of really old amber rum, sipping for hours

          Alas I neither smoke or drink anymore

          • I got the cigar bug when in Honduras oh so long ago. Used to have a trucker who brought in Cuban cigars from Canada in the late ’80s into ’90s, now I just order on the intrawebsthingy and they come right to the house. Progress! Although, have to get a couple of friends to chip in, a box of 25 ain’t cheap.

    • Forbes are subsidising CO2 production by breathing. Perhaps they should wear paper bags over their heads to reduce this and diminish needless brain activity on their part.

  15. There are so many things in the Forbes article extract above that are just plain false:

    1) There is no “dirty little secret”. The price for Bunker-C oil (the common grade of fuel oil used by ocean going ships) is openly publicized on the international commodities markets and the major purchasers of such are widely known (hence the article’s specific reference to “the shipping industry”).

    2) The purchasing of low-grade fuel oil in the open commercial markets around the world cannot be called a “subsidy” to the entire oil industry any more than the purchase of commercial solar PV panels can be called a “subsidy” to the entire green, renewable energy industry or the purchase of tomatoes in a grocery store called be called a “subsidy” to the entire agricultural industry.

    3) “The oil that is burnt on ships is the stuff that the oil industry does not know what to do with.” This is a self-contradictory statement (beside being one of poor sentence construction). And there are many categories of “fuels oils”, the general term that includes oil burnt on marine vessels. Wikipedia ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuel_oil ) lists 6 different US classifications, Number 1 – Number 6 (“Bunker C”), and gives uses beyond just marine shipping, such as land based power generation, fueling commercial trucks and heavy vehicles, commercial boilers and home heating, and as petrochemical feedstock. And catch this: in 2019 the price per barrel of Bunker C fuel oil in the open markets EXCEEDED the price of gasoline for automobiles for the first time in history (see https://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/bunker-c-is-now-more-expensive-than-gasoline/ ).

    4) There is even a lower grade (i.e., much heavier) residue at the end of the oil refining process that is known as bituminous residue (commonly called “pitch” or “asphalt”). And the oil industry has a ready market for that “stuff” as well, as alluded to in the above article’s last sentence.

    5) To compare marine vessels using any fuel oil (especially Bunker C) to “coal power stations on the oceans . . . Actually, 60,000 of them . . .” is just laughable. A typical coal-fueled power plant produces around 500 MW output (“nameplate rating”), although some go as high as 3,000 MW. In comparison, “To give an example of what the shipping industry demands nowadays, Maersk’s Triple-E container ships – the largest container ships in the world with a capacity of over 18,000 twenty-foot-container equivalent units . . . (have engines with a) . . . combined power of 59,000 kW . . .” (see https://wolfstreet.com/2018/05/28/the-engines-of-the-largest-container-ships-in-the-world-and-challenges-their-manufacturers-face/ ). So, if we very conservatively round today’s “typical “marine engine rating upward to 60 MW (total), it would still be only about 12% that of a “typical” coal-fired power plant. Math matters. And purely for reference, the RMS Titanic’s engines at full power produced (46,000 HP, or about 34 MW equivalent).

    6) “So assuming the cost of disposing of oil safely on land was double that of burning this off at sea for free . . .” Well, why not assume the cost of such disposal was half that, or maybe 10% of that, or maybe 10 times that . . . or maybe 100 times that (yeah, that’s the ticket!) . . . or . . .

    As to Forbes’ final question of “Why is this being allowed?”, the straightforward answer is “Such stupidity on your part does not deserve a response.”

    • The merchant ships of the world are, by order of the IMO, now strictly controlled on their engine emissions. The shipping companies have a choice, fit expensive scrubbers or burn expensive distillate.

    • Yeah, I think every highway department on the planet disposes this stuff on land, but first they add some gravel to it….

      • Yep. That was my straight job for forty years: Operating hot mix asphalt plants.

        Simple:
        Take crushed gravel, dry it out and heat it to 325F,
        Mix in about 4% (varies with the class of mix) asphalt (comes in several grades) at the same temperature,
        Drop it into dump trucks.
        Haul it to where we’re fixing your favorite road.
        Spread it out.

  16. This article in Forbes is beyond stupid.

    Refineries have been exiting the heavy oil business for years (which includes 6 oil and asphalt). These oils get coked or hydrocracked to upgrade them to gasoline and diesel. (Sorry Eric these oils are far too heavy for a fluid catalytic cracker [FCC]). Cokers and hydrocrackers are installed because the margins are substantial relative to the heavy oil market. The shippers aren’t subsidizing the oil industry; they are paying a competitive price for a product that has multiple markets and additional processing options.

    Mr. Degnarain needs to learn about refining. 100 barrels of crude oil gets turned into 100 to 110 barrels of product (all refineries have some volume gain in processing.) Nothing gets ‘disposed of’; hasn’t been for decades.

    Dave: Can you supply a “The Stupid – It Burns” meme?

  17. Oh good grief, the Stupid, it burns. Too bad the shipping industry couldn’t use it as their source of energy.

  18. The Forbes article is pure tommyrot.

    First, only refineries that run on heavy crude oils make much heavy ends at all. A refinery running on light, sweet crude (like Nigerian) crack everything up to lighter distillates and other products. I don’t know if a refinery running on something like West Texas Intermediate would make much heavy ends to justify having tankage (which has to be heated and circulated to keep #6 fluid). Unless they have the tanks, they would also crack it.

    A refinery running a heavy oil (like Venezuelan) will make heavy ends. However, it can be cracked to lighter fractions. The refineries don’t bother because they can sell it as Bunker 6 or #5 to industrial boilers and what few oil-fired power plants that remain.

    The yield on BTU’s and $$$ is better to sell the higher-boiling oils (#3-#6) than to crack. However, if there was no market for it, the refiners would crack rather than paying for disposal. If either Mr. Degnarian or the Forbes editors had spent ten minutes on even Wikipedia, they would had gotten at least an inkling that the conclusion (premise?) was bunk.

    • I’m all for it! Shut it all down, no welfare, no unemployment, no food stamps or wic no medicare/medicaid, no social security, nothing from government. And Trump can hang it all around the Democrat Party’s neck like a millstone.

      Trump is going to name a SC replacement and they ARE going to be seated, then next year or the one after, etc etc he will name and seat another one. It is going to be glorious to listen to the howling&gnashing of teeth from the left. What a bunch of ‘tards.

    • Maybe Mikey-Poo ought to spend some time with the Cornell Legal Information Institute:
      18 U.S. Code § 2384. Seditious conspiracy
      If two or more persons in any State or Territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, conspire to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the Government of the United States, or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than twenty years, or both.

    • Ginsburg herself declared in 2016 that there is no reason for the Senate to not move forward on an election year appointment.

      • And McConnell said that the people should choose the President before they go ahead with a nomination.
        And he was in a position to do something about it
        Scalia died in Feb 2016, not 6 weeks before the election
        It’s McConnell who is the leading hyprocrite as he pulled the plug on Garland for 8 months saying no confirmation in election year

        • Hypocrisy is a normal part of politics. I’m sure McConnell doesn’t mind being called a hypocrite as he gets what he wants.

        • His position was based on Obama being a lame duck, Trump is not. Add to that the fact Democrats are all declaring that this election will have to be settled by the SC, it is imperative there be a full bench.

          • Is there anyone out there dumb enough to believe that if the situation were reversed, IE Dem President and Dems in control of the Senate, that the Democrats wouldn’t be fast tracking the nomination?

            The hypocrites are the ones who are condemning others for what they would do, if given the chance.

          • if the situation was reversed ?

            I was when McConnell was MINORITY leader and he blocked every Obama judicial appointment he could using the cloture vote numbers required
            As for seeing if Trump is a lame duck … we wont know till after the election date and the counting has finished.
            If the Senate didnt really want Garland they could have just voted NO, but the nomination wasnt proceeded with in any form. After all the constitution says its the elected senators who confirm or deny

        • It really does amaze me how progressives actually do believe that history starts whenever it is convenient for them.

          • Just like they always throw temper tantrums and break other people’s stuff when they don’t get their way.

        • You planning to join the rioters and looters when your party and Creepy Joe have their collectivist heads handed to them in November? America has a President who is effectively blocking leftist political crap and undoing the leftist political crap that your boy Barri and the Democrat Party have forced on America. And the Democrat Party’s solution is to burn, loot and murder in every city they control. Please do keep it up. Americans are watching and we don’t like any of this leftist, anti-American sh*t.

        • Yawn. Literally it’s nothing more than political posturing. Literally everyone is a “hypocrite” when it comes to trying to justify their political expediency. Who cares. If the Ds could’ve gotten a nominee through the Senate in 2016, they would have. If Trump can now, he will. There’s no principle that’s violated except the fake one that makes us think there has to be some overarching moral superiority for our political calculus.

          rip

  19. It’s very lazy blogging just to recycle these vacuous semi-sentient bodily discharges of left-green media drones. There’s much better stuff out there.

    • I know, right? And we’re paying Charles such a ridiculous salary. Such a scandal.

      How do you handle it on your climate blog?

    • Speaking of lazy, this site has a mechanism by which anyone can submit an article for publication.

      If the issue is so important to you, go for it. If not, then stop complaining about others being too lazy to do your work for you.

  20. “Hundreds of thousands of seaman have been stuck at sea …”.
    Is this author completely deranged?
    Publishing an outrageously preposterous lie like that in Forbes magazine?

    To refresh people’s memories, the highly impactful regulation that greatly curtailed Sulphur emissions in ship fuel – known as IMO 2020 – was just implemented on a global scale 9 months ago.
    This has led a huge drop in the emission of sulphur from ships’ stacks.

    One surprising beneficiary of these rules has been the US unconventional oil producers as their light, low sulphur product has been shown to be ideal feedstock for Low and Ultra Low Sulphur Fuel Oil as the low asphaltene component inhibits sludge precipitation.

    This has certainly been one of the weirder, fact free published articles that I have read in quite some time.

  21. Shipping Goods by water-born craft is the most efficient available and the use of oil is also, there, at its most efficient. Alarmists love to attack efficient things and protect costly and useless things like large scale solar and wind-power.

  22. Is this further evidence,from Gang Green,that madness is contagious.?Naturally the enlightened writer knows that the shipping industry needs not be competitive,that the price of fuel plays no part in their buying decisions.
    Forbes has fallen a long way,in true progressive fashion,I am sure they can go lower.

  23. Sue me you green bastards.

    I am subsidizing the oil industry by buying gasoline for my car. I am also personally, and wilfully, producing CO2; some may say to the detriment of the planet, but not my wife and children, who will be very dispirited when I stop producing CO2.

  24. To put a point on the mockery;

    The world is awash in horribly bad “journalism”.

    It seems to me that anyone subscribing to Forbes is subsidizing something the world needs less of and that is intrinsically detrimental to society.

  25. Residual oils are put into the bunker market because the bunker market exists. If there were no bunker market, refiners would either make asphalt cement (not all resids can met asphalt cement specs), process the residual oil in a coker (typically a delayed coker and sometimes a Flexicoker(Exxon)), or shift to a lighter crude slate, which is easy to do nowadays given the abundance of shale oils. In any case, residual oil which did not go into the bunker market would not be processed in an FCC (author is incorrect about this). The net effect of no bunker fuel market is that refiners would run less crude to meet the demand of other markets (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, etc.). Possibly, some refiners would go out of business. It happens.

  26. “The Shipping Industry is Subsidising the Oil Industry by buying Oil” So what else do ships use for energy? Nuclear? Sure they burn oil. It is called buying what you need to operate. Subsidising doesn’t sound like the right term to use here.

  27. ” – it is as bad as having coal power stations on the oceans. Actually, 60,000 of them, which is the size of the global ocean shipping fleet.”
    Yeah. 60,000 of the smallest coal power stations ever built. Before oil, they were powered by coal.

  28. I am a Naval Architect and regular attendee of the marine Environmental Protection Committee at IMO (the UN specialised agency for maritime affairs).

    Yes, we burn ‘dirty fuel’, but are making huge steps to improve this. But what this doesnt account for is that this ‘dirty fuel’ transports well over 90% of world goods, and in a far more fuel efficient manner – up to 17 times more efficient than air and 10 times more than road.

    So you all rely on our fuel and it is less polluting tha your cars, lorries and airplanes.

    Pete

  29. One advantage to using the sludge oil is that there is less of a fire hazard. During WW II as the Japanese navy fuel situation became more critical and refining capacity was reduced by the bombing of their facilities they started using unrefined light crude from Borneo to fuel their ships. That fuel contributed to the loss of ships in battle due to fire. The fuel also had a high enough sulfur content to cause the steel in their boilers to become brittle and fail over time.

  30. What are the thoughts on Elon Musk? He is constantly saying that global warming is real, that fossil fuels must be replaced by Teslas, renewables, and Powerwalls to save the earth, and that Big Oil is heavily subsidised. Meanwhile Tesla receives billions in carbon credits.

    • In case it’s not completely obvious to you, Elon Musk is above all else an egotistic SALESMAN.

      Sure, his companies have developed some commercially useful and sellable products, but that does make his pronouncements meaningful, let alone true.

      Blame the politicians and bureaucrats for the “carbon credits” that Tesla receives, and which any money-digging capitalist like Musk is all too willing to take. Ethics? . . . don’t bother to go there.

  31. Bunker is highly polluting, it is true. Anyway, they are building ships to run on LNG. Container ships, cruise ships, bulk carriers… The greens say these emit more methane. Well stop buying Chinese crap then. Knit your own socks.

  32. Preem , a company known for its small environmental impact, would like to clean this heavy oil so it is more usable and less pollutant.
    But the Swedish government and the green party hesitate.
    We have to think of our reputation, let someone else do the dirty job!

    • Only their evil killer ships, they are as insidiously evil as evil oil is. We are doomed, DOOMED I say! Evil oil has permeated the entirety of human civilization!( I really need to make a sandwich board if this keeps up)

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