Study Blames White American’s Diet For Climate Change

From oilprice.com

NOT an April fool’s joke.~ctm

Hamburgers

credit Oliver Sjöström, Instagram: @ollivves, https://ollivves.com/

By Irina Slav – Apr 01, 2019, 10:00 AM CDT

A study has suggested Caucasian Americans’ diet is contributing significantly more to climate change than the diets of other demographic groups in the country. The study, published in the Journal of Industrial Ecology, said white people contributed the most to greenhouse gas emissions, at 680 kg of carbon dioxide equivalent annually, but added that the Black demographic had the highest contribution to land impacts related to food.

The study set out to “fill in the gaps” in research about how various dietary habits affect the environment along the whole supply chain from land resources to water and energy. It focused on three demographic groups—White, non-Hispanic Back, and Latino—since they represent 92.4 percent of the U.S. population and looked into their eating habits to glean some insight into the relation between these habits and what it calls the food-energy-water nexis.

The study’s authors note that the White population, as portion of the U.S. total, was 61.3 percent, with Latinx—a term the authors of the study call intersectional and non-binary to reflect the latest term trends in social sciences—accounting for 17.8 percent and the Black population accounting for 13.3 percent.

In light of these proportions it’s hardly surprising the White population’s diet was a greater contributor to climate change in terms of greenhouse emissions. However, the study also suggested that the White group’s diet was a greater contributor to climate change because of its higher consumption of what the authors call “environmentally intense” food items.\

Read the full oilprice.com article here.

The study, Overcoming climate change adaptation barriers: A study on food–energy–water impacts of the average American diet by demographic group, is here.

HT/RonPE

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101 thoughts on “Study Blames White American’s Diet For Climate Change

  1. Got to love racism in all it’s forms… not. Leftists are some of the most bigoted people. A place for everyone and everyone in their place.

    • Don’t forget the Nazis were the National “Socialist” Workers PArty of Germany!

      • They were socialists… that puts them on the left, regardless of the communist’s propaganda.

        • If a Government’s goal is not to preserve the rights of the individual despite the majority’s opinion, then it is a (fill in the blank)-ist Government.

    • Your world is coming to an end and it is all your paren…ahh white peoples fault. So vote for the candidate who opposes white peop…aahhh we mean global warm…aaahhhh we mean climate change.

      Nothing proves that CAGW is a left wing socio/political movement more than blaming white people for climate change. You are spot on SMC it is bigoted and extremely insulting to minorities.

      Over-educated liberals expose their true belief that minorities are naturally stupid, much like children and will believe any nonsensical thing they are told as long as the left makes them out to be the victims. Leftists have re-purporsed their bed sheets and pointy hats into lab coats.

    • Always have been. They’re literally so bigoted, their solutions to ‘racism’ is racism.

      Shifting their discrimination to PC-approved targets, of course.

    • MLK Jr. had a Dream … which the identity politicians have trampled underfoot and torn to pieces. Because the Left wants a race WAR to topple capitalism … they aren’t the least bit interested in Little black girls and boys holding hands playing nicely in the yard. Hint: the white folk I know, admittedly at the top of the education and economic heap, eat healthier (including meat) than any other racial identity group. Yeah, this “study” is pure racism. Pure racial division to spur Socialist totalitarianism.

  2. Call me sheltered if you want, but I don’t recall ever seeing a Latino, Native American, or a African-descended Black person being force fed a Big Mac or 64-oz Big Gulp.

    The Wall-E Life:
    “Time for Lunch!! In a cup!”

    • No … but I’ve seen gobs of em voluntarily gobbling them down. Tree fiddy is a ‘thing’ for a reason …

  3. I’m glad that this post was clearly identified as not being an April Fool’s Day Joke. It read exactly like a Joke. Next, we will be reading of protests about KFC or McDonald’s causing massive World-wide sea level rises by increasing White Caucasian American flatulence.

  4. Yes, I agree.
    White people bad.
    Bad, bad, bad. Bad white people…and the orange guy too.
    See the bad white people create useless virtue signaling studies that waste time, money, oxygen, and the very wasted energy used to produce them.

    White people should be more like … um… er… um… Well, frankly, In lieu of the racial guilt trip I’ve just been put on, I’ve decided to racially identify as Asgardian. I use tesseracts connected to alternate universes to conjure my food from then use MAGIC fire that produces no carbon dioxide to cook it with which shunts any waste heat into a nearby blackhole and leaves my kitchen smelling minty fresh. I also have no guilt since I eschew dastardly fossil fuels and use a magic hammer to fly to work with further showing everyone else how superior I am to their petty wasteful evil white people ways.

    /end sarc… Oh my goodness, It really IS easy being green, you just make stuff up!

    Seriously though, as a simple thought experiment, please change the word ‘white’ in the above article to ANY other skin color and tell me if it would still pass muster on facebook, twitter, buzzfeed, etc.

  5. And why is beef harmful to the environment? Assuming they judge CO2 to be environmentally damaging, cows, like all living things, are inherently carbon neutral. It’s how the carbon cycle works!

    • And why is beef harmful to the environment

      Apparent Cow Flatulence is right up then in the list of environmentally harmful things, at least according to the Green New Deal.

  6. The Oil Price article neglects the gist of this paper of identity-politics-ridden gibberish as in the euphemistically phrased: “… we also propose using government programming to encourage environmentally friendly food purchasing behavior… “.
    Behind all CC™ twaddle lurks the statist-totalitarian urge to control every aspect of people’s lives — other people’s lives.

    • Whenever someone’s solution to their hysterical fears involves taking absolute control over my money and my life because they know better, I do know better, and then tell them to *bleep* off.

  7. “A study has suggested Caucasian Americans’ diet is contributing significantly more to climate change than the diets of other demographic groups in the country. The study, published in the Journal of Industrial Ecology, said white people contributed the most to greenhouse gas emissions, at 680 kg of carbon dioxide equivalent annually”

    Another attempt at laying guilt upon white people… Not that there is any significant difference in people, habits, housing, living conditions and diet.

    Odds are these falsehood fabricators used imaginary stereotypes for determining diet.

    Anyway, we thank you confirmation biased fakers! We are glad to help rescue Earth from carbon dioxide plant starvation and the subsequent Earth greening.

    • Life on Earth was severely challenge during the last glaciation as the CO2 concentration fell to below 200ppm.
      The planet is more likely than not in the next few thousand years to descend into another glaciation period probably deeper than previously and the higher the concentration of atmospheric CO2 the better.

      • Why ?.

        ”and the higher the concentration of atmospheric CO2 the better.”

        How many glaciations have there been with less than 2000 ppmv ?.

    • On checking the Wiley Online Library link provided, I find that the racist, or (anti)”Progressive”, “scientific” paper referenced is seemingly no April Fools joke, or at least not a *deliberate* effort at making a joke article.

      Also in the category of nonsensical or misconceived info, in Canada we now have article links by something called “Canada’s Ecofiscal Commission” (or “ecofiscal.ca”), now making the rounds on Facebook’s Newsfeed. This Commission is, I take it, the Canadian Federal government using our own money to advertise the wonderful benefits of putting on a so called “carbon tax” starting yesterday, April 1st, 2019, on all fuels as such, with extra tax increases scheduled annually from now on.

      The most nonsensical aspect of this whole “tax the carbon” (really, an effort to restrict carbon dioxide, CO2) strategy is how CO2 gets persistently referred to as pollution, or as a “pollutant’, with anyone who burns any fuel being therefore a polluter? Granted that too much of anything can kill a person, that still doesn’t mean that CO2 is toxic, or a “pollutant”.

      Consider, for example, the recommended medical/first aid practice that *never* seems to come up in CO2 discussions, although I would think that it *should* be mentioned. This practice, rescue breathing, also called “artificial respiration’, is a highly recommended first aid procedure for rescuing anyone whose own breathing has stopped. Now it is very easy to do web searches and come up with a more or less standard estimate that when we breath out, our exhaled breath contains about four percent CO2 by volume (while some estimates seem to say a bit more). At the same time, exhaled breath consistently has something like 16 percent oxygen, so that is still a helpful or breathable amount, and a very good thing for the otherwise non-breathing person that a rescuer is breathing into!

      Now the point is that while four percent CO2 is doubtless higher than the recommended amount to have in any closed room as such, it is still not high enough to cause any serious harm to the individual receiving the rescue breathing. In other words, as long as one is assured of “piping in” a goodly amount of oxygen to go with the CO2, that’s really the main consideration — you don’t want to smother for lack of oxygen! Please, everyone notice, four percent by volume is *one hundred times* the concentration of the roughly 400 ppm that we have in the atmosphere right now! That makes CO2 super toxic, right, I mean what a “pollutant”, why, regular tax paying folks like me must somehow be pushed more and more, just so we are forced to cut back on all our conveniences and all our necessities, all to restrict our nasty everyday CO2 pollution?

      At some point a person gets really disgusted with all of this. Would it be entirely mean of me for instance, to suggest that every official government person who is prioritizing the evils of CO2 pollution, should therefore replace all the CO2 molecules in their office space, with something simpler and more elegant, and therefore no doubt healthier? How about replacing all the CO2’s in *their* space with nice *CO*’s, say!

      I mean, I’m just sayin’, it would solve a lot of problems! There would be no need right away for an expensive federal election then, all the liars would expire permanently if such were done, *and* there would be that much less “carbon” walking around in thoughtless fleshy embodiments, come to think of it?

  8. On the other hand, White Men exterminated millions of buffaloes and thousands years before that, millions of mammoths, so that thanks to our ancestors, we are neutral with respect to Climate Change and we proudly deserve our Big Mac for the Centuries to come.

    Next step : exterminate the main contributors to CO2 emission by feeding alarmists with termites.

  9. Why can’t the authors of this study see past race and accept people of different cultures, religion and colour for what they are: human?

    • Because the whole point of identity politics is to divide people of different cultures, religions and colours. It’s the modus operandi of the left.

        • Here’s how stupid these folks are: they assign the problem as due to 61.3 percent Caucasians, 17.8 percent Latino (not PC, sorry) and 13.3 percent to Blacks. So, blame the Caucasians because they have the biggest number.

          But US demographics is 62% Caucasian, 16.9% Latino, and 12.6% Black.

          That makes the per capita contributions for those three groups, 0.99, 1.05, and 1.06, respectively. So, it’s the minority group diets that are contributing more than their fair share. PC horrors! 🙂

          But PC sociologists aren’t great at critical thinking, especially when there’s a critical theory narrative to exegeticize.

          And besides, they’re allowed to be wrong because they’re telling a higher truth. Smaller truths don’t matter. And neither do inconvenient big truths.

          The linked demographic is actually not entirely correct, by the way. If you look, notice footnote 1, where the “”White” population is “non-Hispanic.” About a third of US Hispanics descend from the European Spanish, who are Caucasian to the max.

          So, the population of the US is actually about 70% Caucasian and 10% Latino. But then, that only makes the dietary case worse for the Sociological narrative. Can’t have that.

  10. I am proud to contribute the maximum CO2 possible to our CO2 starved atmosphere! All flora benefit and all fauna on the planet, including humans, have enhanced food options as a result. Racists tropes, like those presented in the screed/article above, fail to recognize the factually positive benefits of a CO2 enriched atmosphere. When facts don’t support your baseless allegations, play the race card.

  11. When you thought the Greens could not get more stupid than to blame Co2 for climate change, one of their team has managed to blame white skinned people for the imaginary climate change problem.
    We should be grateful it is only white American people to blame.
    This is an April fool isn’t it? I know the lead in says not but it must be a spoof.

    • Suggested new campaign slogan.

      Senator Elizabeth Warren
      The Occasional Caucasian
      Vote 2020

    • Interesting observation.
      Since milk mostly comes from cows it seems like these leftist want to deprive all children of the most nutritious and essential food for healthy children.
      Surprised that Republicans are not smart enough to mention that these anti cow fools are trying to starve our children and thin the human herd with nutritional deficiency.
      Horrible people that they are they want to starve the children and deprive them of essential nutrition to ” save the planet”.

  12. Another undermining of public confidence in the food we eat with the bonus of working in climate guilt. All we need to remember when these clown studies are put forward is that the profit margin on meat based products is a measly 200-300 per cent while veggie and vegan profit margins start at about 1000 per cent and rise rapidly the dafter the purist version of these self-harning diets the gullible are persuaded to espouse.

  13. “Environmentally intense”, huh? How about those that eat beans, onions, and cruciferous vegetables? No cows needed. Vegans probably manufacture enough methane to make up for the cows they don’t eat.

    • Methanogen microorganisms are responsible for a large percentage of the amount of methane released into the environment through a large variety of processes that allow them to flourish.

      The actual process might happen inside of animals, in soil, or in wetlands, or even in people. NASA classifies “wetlands” as the largest single source. It’s also one of the things greens want to preserve.

      The fossil-fuel industry is the second-largest, but is not due to methanogens.

      “Enteric fermentation” is listed by NASA as “anthropogenic” since some of it happens inside of people, but a lot of it happens inside of other animals. Some of those are farmed by people. Methane generation by farm animals can be moderated by dietary-changes and additives.

      Rice farming accounts for 12%. I suppose vegans are all fine with that.

      Even without people on Earth, significant amounts of methane would still be generated.

      • Even without life on earth, methane would still be generated. It has just been found on mars (I am assuming there are no Martian cows).

        • Hmmm … sounds like a B Sci-Fi movie.
          “The Invasion of the Little Green Cows from Mars!”

  14. Guilty as charged. Going for a nice thick delmonico for dinner, medium rare! Buahahaha! Basking in my white privilege!

  15. Yeah, well, I don’t give a flying cow fart in space what these wankers say. They like making stuff up, just to get ca$$h. I”m not giving up my ground prime rib burgers or Claussen’s baby dills.

    If they want people to eat bugs, they’d better set the example. They haven’t looked in the mirror lately, have they?

  16. but when whitey in aus wants to eat roo meat, which is ecofriendly non hard hooved and doesnt degass as much..the grentards go bonkers! theres millions of the damn things hopping all over starving in the drought killing people in car accidents but we cant touch em?
    but its ok for aboriginals to eat them and other rarer species also
    Ive had a gutful of antiwhite bias and recent abc show where a notwhite minority craps on a white persons picture is just fine? not racist at all it seems?

  17. “Study Blames White American’s Diet For Climate Change”

    Wow. Just one guy’s diet?

  18. One popular geoengineering strategy to counter global warming is increasing the earth’s albedo by injecting reflective aerosols into the atmosphere reducing ASR and cooling the earth.

    More albedo and the earth cools.

    Less albedo and the earth warms.

    Zero albedo and the earth bakes at 250 F.

    This appears to contradict greenhouse theory which says the atmosphere warms the earth and with no atmosphere the earth becomes a frozen ball of ice.

    A failure of greenhouse theory means no CO2 warming and no man caused climate change.

    Looks like a whole lot of instantly unemployed experts, hack journalists and talking heads will have to find something useful to do.

  19. This study was funded in part by the Institute for Environmental Science and Policy of the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Diversity Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Fellowship from Bayer‐Monsanto.

    Whenever I see the word, “diversity”, I run the other way.

    Wow, I’ve never seen racism so meticulously fabricated into the appearance of legitimate reasoning. But I should point out that the white man’s language has been appropriated here to enable this BS to rise to this position.

    “Diversity Science” ??

    … = Racisim Science

  20. And one more thing [I was a vegetarian for about five years, by the way]:

    Vegetarian = Meat Nazi

    Blacks who eat meat, thus, are subject to meat-nazi tactics, just as their diverse brothers/sisters are. Meat, therefore, can unite us.

    Carnivore lives matter !!

    • Kind of like: “see the eat in meat”? [By the way, I still don’t eat meat since 50 years ago.] As for original post blame appropriation, I consider it spurious.

      • Where do you get your vitamin B12 from? Your body can’t synthesize it like most other animals.

        • I think you are confusing Vegetarians with vegans.

          Vegetarian foods high in vitamin B12 include fortified cereals, fortified fruit juices, fortified tofu, yogurt, milk, cheese, eggs, vitamin water, and whey powder.

          Now, Vegans, on the other hand can’t have the natural sources (yogurt, milk, cheese, eggs, or whey powder) so are limited to artificial sources (fortified foods and vitamin water).

          • John,
            No, I understand the difference between the two groups, I just don’t see a real distinction. They are both cheating in as much as all B12 supplements are made from animal sources. The same is true for “fortified” foods. Looks a lot like hypocrisy and virtue signaling to me.

          • They are both cheating in as much as all B12 supplements are made from animal sources

            How is eating yogurt, eggs, milk and/or cheese “cheating” for vegetarians (people who don’t eat meat)? milk is not meat. Cheese is not meat. yogurt is not meat. If you think any of those are off limits for someone who does not eat meat (vegetarian) than you clearly don’t understand the difference between vegetarian and vegan. That you point to “animal sources” in regards to vegetarians, proves you don’t understand the difference. It’s Vegans who are against “animal sources” beyond just meat. vegetarians are against eating meat (because animals die to provide the meat), they are not against any animal sources that don’t result in dead animals (like milk & cheese for example).

            I will grant you that Vegans are cheating if the supplements/fortifications are made from animal sources – however, as I understand it, B12 supplements are made from bacteria and archaea*, if true that would not be “cheating” as far as vegans are concerned.

            * (as, BTW, is all the animal sources of B12. The animals don’t make the B12, it’s the bacteria they carry as part of their gut biome that does so)

          • John,
            It is difficult to get enough B12 from milk and cheese to stay healthy. I know people that have tried. They got ill and now eat a hamburger a week; they just don’t tell their vegetarian friends, not realizing that they are most likely doing the same. (I still think most vegetarians are cheating since they oppose “corporate farming”, however affordable , highly available dairy products would not be possible without high density techniques which they consider inhumane.)

            Also, I am not aware of any company making commercial quantities of B12 directly from bacteria, perhaps you could enlighten me. There are some small suppliers that make supplements from fungus, but it’s expensive and limited. There’s certainly not enough to supply all the declared vegans and vegetarians out there. Almost all B12 supplements come from the slaughterhouse.

          • It is difficult to get enough B12 from milk and cheese to stay healthy. I know people that have tried. They got ill and now eat a hamburger a week;

            Your bigotry and ignorance is showing. I’ve met a few perfectly healthy vegetarians, and they DO NOT eat a hamburger a week (or ever). Look, as a fellow meat eater, I get it, you don’t go for the vegetarian lifestyle, but that no excuse for being an ignorant bigot about others choices.

        • Oh, and by the way, B12 is synthesized in the human body, same way it is it for other animals (from the bacteria inside us), it’s just that we can’t make use of the B12 made in our bodies because it is made in the colon which is downstream from the small intestines (where the absorption of most nutrients occurs). consequentially feces is a rich source of B12 (though I don’t recommend adding feces to ones diet, not even for vegans).

  21. Well, another common trait with fascism – it’s openly – even proudly – racist.

  22. the attempt to guilt me will not work! in fact it will cause quite opposite reaction. Piss off environmental do-gooders!

  23. I would love to see the sampling method used – there simply is no way any questionaire can measure which and how much of each food type the various ethnic populations eat. That is way beyond the capabilities of any organization. They also chose the wrong indepodendent variable. The highest corrlation between food-carbon production would be correlated very strongly with a person’s size, not their ethnic background. In using race as the independent variable, they are displaying their racist views

    • Indeed. Not just the persons size but Also, I’d suspect, the person’s wealth. Rich people tend to have more access to healthier less-processed (but more expensive) foods whereas poor people tend to rely on cheap heavily-processed foods.

  24. This infatuation with labeling people and placing them into categories is really getting old. Everyone in the fossil fuels industry is contributing to climate change, so we will place them in the evil climate changers category. That person is evil because he’s sexist, so we will place him in the sexist category. This person is evil because he seems to be racist to me, so he’s in the racist category. White Caucasian diets contribute too much to climate change, so they are also in the evil climate changers category.

    Meanwhile, we have Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam who is openly antisemitic, yet he gets off virtually scot-free from the looks of it. The U.S. Congressional Black Caucus is reported to have ties to him, but they get off scot-free as well. All those individuals out there doing the labeling and categorizing are apparently “enlightened enough” to decide who is to be labeled and categorized and who is not. Interesting.

    I admit to being tempted to label and categorize people myself at times—it is something we all probably find difficult to avoid. But the rate at which it is going on in the MSM, in academia and on internet social media today is rising to the level of fanatical IMHO. But, as the Good Book says, do not judge others unless you are willing to be judged.

    The amount of time spent judging, labeling and categorizing people (as the authors of the study in this post do) would be better spent learning how not to do it. But that is far easier said than done.

  25. (1) Anyone using the non-word “Latinx” has just outed themselves as an intellectual tool.

    (2) There is no “data” anywhere worthy of that name capable of proving what whites, Americans, or anyone else eats over a period of years. Unless you think epidemiologists’ “Food Frequency Questionnaires” represent anything remotely useful. Could you state accurately how many “cups of ribs” you ate in 1989?

    (3) The framers of the US nutrition guidelines are known to have been heavily freighted with 7th Day Adventists, a religious sect that requires vegetarianism. The rest of the world by and large accepts the US guidelines. It is well documented by now that these guidelines are heavily politically and market influenced, and have jack-squat to do with the known biochemistry of human feeding requirements.

    (4) Want to have a revolution, real fast? Come for our beef and bacon. I dare you! Molon labe!! 🙂

    • (2) There is no “data” anywhere worthy of that name capable of proving what whites, Americans, or anyone else eats over a period of years.

      Indeed. As a middle class white American (whose family has been here for generations) who has eaten with middle class “African-Americans” (whose families have been here for generations), I’ve seen no difference between the two in food choices (even the foods stereotypically associated with one of the groups, like “fried chicken”, are liked and eaten equally by both groups). While I can imagine that first generation un-assimilated Latin-Americans likely do have a different diet, the same could be said of first generation un-assimilated members of the other races as well.

  26. I wonder whether the authors of this paper realize they’ve ranked whites highest in social status. No one else may be criticized.

  27. This is just STUPID…

    …Latinx—a term the authors of the study call intersectional and non-binary to reflect the latest term trends in social sciences…

    Spanish nouns are binary… In that they are masculine or feminine. That’s how the fracking language works.

    Masculine and Feminine Nouns
    Quick Answer
    All Spanish nouns (sustantivos), including people, places, animals, things, ideas, and feelings, have a gender (male or female).

    The fact that inanimate objects have a gender in Spanish does not mean that things like tables and books are physically feminine or masculine. They have genders in a grammatical sense and must be used with articles and adjectives that match their gender.

    https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/masculine-and-feminine-nouns

    • That is actually what the term ‘gender’ is for. The male/female distinction used to be just ‘sex’ until that started sounding rude.

    • If I’m not mistaken, “Toaster” is feminine in Spanish.
      I seriously doubt there is any element of “Toxic Masculinity” involved in that designation.
      That’s just how almost every language works, except English.
      In English, “Mankind” used to be understood by everyone as ALL of Mankind …er… Humanity.
      But some PC FemiNazis got their panties in a wad so now it’s “sexist”.
      Man! What a mess! 😎

  28. This is nothing more than racist clap by: “This study was funded in part by the Institute for Environmental Science and Policy of the University of Illinois at Chicago and the Diversity Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Fellowship from Bayer‐Monsanto”

    Like beef cattle, rice paddies are a major source of man-made methane so what about the eating habits of 700,000 Chinese men in China. What about the 650 million Caucasian men in India. No mention in the study. How does clap like this get funded?

    • In addition, large non-Caucasian populations in the world consume lamb. There are over a billion sheep in the world, more than cattle. They, too, produce methane. So unless these advocates promote changing the diets of most of the world’s population, taxing meat in the US would just be a token gesture, achieving nothing.

      I propose that we send these advocates to Asia minor, then they can work their way eastward preaching the evils of eating lamb and rice. After they get a buy-in, then we can talk. Until then, I’ll continue enjoying my steaks and burgers.

  29. Of course they left out us “native americans.”

    I’ll think about that every time my brother in law sends me a care-package of fresh Alaskan salmon.
    (kind of scarce where I live in the “lower 48”)

    Come to think of it, maybe I could team up with a few guys from the rez to hold a few genuine northwest native salmon bakes on their front lawns. Might be fun.

    Cheers,
    Kat

    (female person of color / red)

    • I too have decided to stay white, except in Summer on those occasions when prolonged outdoor activities invariable end up turning me red (those are the only two colors I ever manage to achieve).

    • You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.

      PS God is color blind. Why aren’t we? We don’t listen?

  30. demographic groups—White, non-Hispanic Back, and Latino—since they represent 92.4 percent –>

    demographic groups—White, non-Hispanic Black, and Latino—since they represent 92.4 percent

  31. Whatever comes labeled “demography”

    most likely transports “demagoguery”.

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