The recent "atmospheric river" that soaked California, as seen in a forecast

An unusual April storm system brought heavy rains to northern California during the beginning of the month. The soaking rains caused localized flooding and even melted some higher elevation snow, but also filled reservoirs in northern parts of the state.

This image shows the total precipitable water forecast to be in the atmosphere at 11 a.m. on the West Coast on April 6, 2018 using data from the Global Forecast System model run at 0600 UTC April 6 which, translates to 11pm April 5, West Coast time. What is precipitable water? It is an estimate of how much water would be present if you could snap your fingers and turn all of the water vapor in the column of air above your head into liquid.

The darker blue colors in the image show where the atmosphere was chock full of moisture, while blacker areas were regions where the atmosphere was dry. The atmosphere above the tropical Pacific is packed with moisture, but there is also a narrow bridge of moisture connecting the tropics and the West Coast of the United States. Bridges like these are known as atmospheric rivers, though they are sometimes called a “Pineapple Express” when the moisture flows from the area around Hawaii.

This event brought four to six inches of rain in 48 hours from April 6-7 across northern California.  Most of the heaviest rains (more than six inches) fell along the northern Sierra Nevada Mountains, although coastal areas north of San Francisco also received around six inches. While there were reports of localized flooding, the rains were mostly helpful in filling reservoirs with water that will be used during the state’s dry summer months.

The West Coast experiences a handful of atmospheric river events each winter—the season during which California gets most of its precipitation. This atmospheric river was unusual not only for occurring in spring, but it also brought record-breaking moist air. Weather balloons launched from Oakland, California, measured the highest precipitable water amounts on record for any months from November through May.

However, just because an atmospheric river brings record-moist air doesn’t guarantee it will generate record amounts of rain or snow. In this case, the atmosphere was able to squeeze out enough rain to set daily records in places like San Francisco.

Cities along the West Coast rely on atmospheric rivers to bring 30 to 50% of the total precipitationthey may receive in a year. Because of their importance to regional water supplies, NOAA’s Climate Program Office devotes resources to studying atmospheric rivers. The goal of this research is not only to further our understanding of atmospheric rivers but better predict them weeks to months in advance and work with communities to help them make better use of predictions and warnings.


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April 11, 2018 10:22 am

The upside in addition to full reservoirs, Moonbeam’s Marxist wet dreams of re-imposing revenue producing drought controls on people and businesses got put on hold.

Tom Halla
Reply to  joelobryan
April 11, 2018 10:35 am

Brown and crew will release all that water for the delta smelt.

Reply to  Tom Halla
April 11, 2018 3:01 pm

I smelt that coming.

Reply to  Tom Halla
April 13, 2018 12:25 pm

Maybe. He needs those drought revenues to keep Government waste going strong.

April 11, 2018 10:24 am

Another cold fronts will provide further rainfall in California (snow in the mountains).

Reply to  ren
April 11, 2018 3:04 pm

temps are dropping back close to freezing for the next two nights. Three nights ago it was 51 F. My poor lime tree does not know what to do. This is the first year where it has yet to put out blooms. Typically, it would bloom around late January or February as it did every year for the last 5 years. Climate change is here.

April 11, 2018 10:35 am

The reservoirs are filled not only in the north.

Crispin in Waterloo but really in Potchefstroom
April 11, 2018 10:44 am

I guess this is the newest, new normal for California. Where will this end? If it’s not sunny, it is raining all the time. There’s just no pleasing some Californians.
It is sunny and rainy in Potch too. Soon we’ll be surfing over the Vredefort Dome.

Reply to  Crispin in Waterloo but really in Potchefstroom
April 11, 2018 12:27 pm

This is normal, and there is decidedly nothing new about it. It only seems new to the unaware and utterly clueless.

Mumbles McGuirck
Reply to  Crispin in Waterloo but really in Potchefstroom
April 11, 2018 12:46 pm

Don’t you know, it never rains in sunny California, but what a lot of dew…

John M. Ware
Reply to  Mumbles McGuirck
April 12, 2018 3:03 am

Spike Jones was such a genius–he could even explain the weather! As always, meticulously rehearsed, and executed with economy and verve. Thanks for posting!

April 11, 2018 10:47 am

Thanks for an interesting post, Anthony. Where I live, about seventy miles north of San Francisco, we got eight inches (200 mm) of rain in 24 hours … flooding, roads washed out, nothing but fun. But it definitely filled up the water table.

Reply to  TA
April 11, 2018 12:17 pm

I like to play around with 1000, 850, and 700 hPa to see more of direct ground effects. Multiple windows open and +3 hr increments and I can outdo my local forecasts most of the time and often by a couple of days and accuracy in timing even better. My quantity forecasts are rated as: 1) a shed load, 2) a good bit, 3) not much, 4) what are those talking head clowns smoking?
Learned to read and call it along with weather station radar in another tab along with nullschool.
When and where the cold air clashes with the warm moist air there will likely be weather you can count on and measure.

Reply to  eyesonu
April 11, 2018 2:17 pm

meh –
earth.nullschool = eyeball candy.
So, you trust only the GFS?

Reply to  eyesonu
April 11, 2018 3:07 pm

@ JKrob …I find it an extremely useful tool for observing ongoing changes.

Reply to  eyesonu
April 11, 2018 3:57 pm

I only trust “mine own eyes.”

Reply to  eyesonu
April 12, 2018 4:00 am

@goldminor – whatever turns you on. nullschool is just extremely simplistic in what it shows…but ‘pretty’ in how it does it.
@eyesonu – obviously not a meteorologist…

April 11, 2018 10:56 am

Looks like a bit more rain/snow for Northern CA next couple of days:

Russ R.
April 11, 2018 11:00 am

How about a list of all the stupid things governments in CA spend money on fighting AGW, that they could use for increasing reservoir capacity.
I am going to initialize the list with
1 ) Painting the streets white.

Reply to  Russ R.
April 11, 2018 12:29 pm

“painting the roses red” and other such madness from “wonderland”. (So named because we wonder what they are thinking)

Reply to  rocketscientist
April 11, 2018 3:14 pm

Rocket, old soul
‘ “painting the roses red” and other such madness from “wonderland”. (So named because we wonder what they are thinking)’
‘ “painting the roses red” and other such madness from “wonderland”. (So named because we wonder whether they are thinking at all!)’
Hope this helps!

April 11, 2018 11:01 am

How much work was done evaporating and transporting all of that water, what 1,000 miles? Imagine just the work to pump that much water that far!

April 11, 2018 11:21 am

An unusual April storm system brought heavy rains to northern California during the beginning of the month.
Unusual? Uncommon perhaps. And to draw a finer point, less uncommon in early April and much more uncommon later. The Pacific/West Coast winter precipitation pattern is far too variable to constrain it’s extent to arbitrary human defined “months.” I wouldn’t call this event “unusual” unless it happened May or later.
Looks like the State water supply is in good shape:
Note; the Oroville Dam is “low” as a management issue as the repairs are being effected.

Hoyt Clagwell
Reply to  Rob Dawg
April 11, 2018 12:48 pm

It’s the ‘Lake Woebegone Effect”, where ALL the weather is unusual.

April 11, 2018 11:34 am

So global climate change has regressed back to where it started, the local weather experiences of Californian (and other states) eco worriers with more money and belief than understanding. All that matters of the known world in their minds? Nothing to do with the real climate trends over centuries. Yawn. And off topic. IMO

April 11, 2018 11:35 am

Don’t be silly … CA was “officially” suffering a “drought” barely a month ago …
… by top statisticians … really top people. Top people.

Timo Soren
Reply to  Kenji
April 11, 2018 3:28 pm
Reply to  Timo Soren
April 12, 2018 3:39 pm

One could still say “men” … back in the 1980’s.

April 11, 2018 12:06 pm

After a decade of planning and debate, the controversial Delta tunnels project got a huge cash infusion Tuesday and took a giant step toward becoming reality.
In a historic decision, the wealthy Metropolitan Water District of Southern California voted to take a majority stake in the $16.7 billion twin-tunnels project, a plan championed by Gov. Jerry Brown as a way of protecting the water supply for more than 25 million Southern California and Bay Area residents.
Metropolitan’s breakthrough vote put the tunnels on the brink of full funding after years of struggle.

April 11, 2018 2:11 pm

Oroville reservoir is currently at 803 feet, and holding, which is 27 feet below the level at which they would use the newly rebuilt spillway.

Reply to  daveburton
April 11, 2018 3:35 pm

A blogger who lives in the High Sierras just above Oroville Dam called it the Pineapple Express, coming out of Hawaii. He measured 5.5 ins. Oroville doesn’t need a lot of that. He contributes well to the Oroville debate.

J Mac
April 11, 2018 2:25 pm

It may be raining, but it is Gov. Moonbeam and the socialist democrats that are soaking California’s citizens.

Reply to  J Mac
April 11, 2018 3:24 pm

Too funny, and too sad.

April 11, 2018 2:30 pm

California reservoirs are at 110% of normal and 90% of capacity. Some have been releasing water. Governor Moonbeam has moved on from drought crises to moving water from Northern California to Southern California with tunnels. First positive action taken with water that I can remember.

Timo Soren
April 11, 2018 3:24 pm

Just take a look at the cdec site on reservoir capacity.

Reply to  Timo Soren
April 12, 2018 3:52 pm

Yep. That SURE looks like a DROUGHT … which the oh so “official” Drought Monitor had 80% of CA draped in BRIGHT YELLOW “drought” conditions just two weeks ago. And the EXTREME desert areas of the State in BRIGHT RED “drought” conditions, because there has been only 1.75″ of Rain instead of the Average 1.85″ of Rain… in… the… DESERT !!! As Sam Kinison would scream … THAT’S why they call it A DESERT !!!
YOU are being LIED to
By YOUR government. By YOUR “science” Agencies. By YOUR public institutions of higher propaganda, er … learning.

Dave in the UP
April 11, 2018 4:09 pm

What I find most interesting about this river is what’s happening under it, on the ocean’s surface:, The ocean under the river is cold.

Indiana Sue
Reply to  Dave in the UP
April 12, 2018 7:43 pm

Of course, the ocean under the river is cold. It’s cold way up high where the rain forms! ;))

April 11, 2018 6:33 pm

“Atmospheric Rivers” – well, what an interesting analogy! Oh, wait, it can even be taken literally!
And, when did it become obvious that there are literally rivers in the atmosphere? Well, how smart and clever we modern scientists are.
Oh, wait – the Bible clearly identifies the atmospheric rivers in Psalm 46, written possibly as recently as 400BC, although most likely written centuries before that…”The streams of God are filled with water,” here obviously referring to atmospheric moisture that provides, not a genuine stream.
“Oh, you dumb, ignorant people believing in Stone-Age myths, and a big flying man with a beard in the sky, invented out of your psychological insecurities…”
Psalm 65
“Praise awaits you, our God, in Zion; to you our vows will be fulfilled.
You who answer prayer, to you all people will come.
When we were overwhelmed by sins, you forgave our transgressions.
Blessed are those you choose and bring near to live in your courts!
We are filled with the good things of your house, of your holy temple.
You answer us with awesome and righteous deeds, God our Savior,
the hope of all the ends of the earth and of the farthest seas,
who formed the mountains by your power, having armed yourself with strength,
who stilled the roaring of the seas, the roaring of their waves, and the turmoil of the nations.
The whole earth is filled with awe at your wonders; where morning dawns, where evening fades, you call forth songs of joy.
You care for the land and water it; you enrich it abundantly.
The streams of God are filled with water to provide the people with grain, for so you have ordained it.
You drench its furrows and level its ridges; you soften it with showers and bless its crops.
You crown the year with your bounty, and your carts overflow with abundance.
The grasslands of the wilderness overflow; the hills are clothed with gladness.
The meadows are covered with flocks and the valleys are mantled with grain; they shout for joy and sing.”
Also: water cycle…what a concept of Modern Atheistic, Free-From-Superstition Science!! Except the Bible writers got there first…
Ecclesiastes 1:7
“All streams flow into the sea, yet the sea is never full.
To the place the streams come from, there they return again.”
And, the Paths of the Sea, mentioned in the Psalms, long before being recognized in our modern-day atheistic science, and possibly spurring exploration and discovery of these paths –

Reply to  TheLastDemocrat
April 11, 2018 11:23 pm

+ many

April 11, 2018 9:34 pm

April 12, 1974. Harry Geise, then KCRA guru had predicted good weather. We set out from Mammoth on mountaineering skis to climb Mt. Ritter. Beautiful spring weather. April 13, 1974. We are driven off Ritter an hour short of the summit. Spend the next three days in the tent, arising at least once a night to dig the tent out with a pot.
comment image
Above was our camp at Lake Ediza during a break day one. Had to dig our car out with the same pot.
March 29, 1982. Left my taxes in a family cabin at a place called Kingvale to go skiing with friends at Alpine Meadows. March 30, 1982. Had the best powder day of my life, in spite of having travelled to far more auspicious places. March 31, 1982. Avalanche buries the lodge at Alpine. We were snowed in two days and escaped by driving around North Shore and over Carson Pass. Had to drive back up to Kingvale to recover my taxes. Ten feet of snow at Kingvale.
I do not see anything particularly unusual about this “late season” storm.

Coach Springer
Reply to  gymnosperm
April 12, 2018 6:25 am

A human being can see everything as “unusual” if not “absolutely unprecedented in modern times.” Depends on how hard you squint.

Reply to  gymnosperm
April 12, 2018 4:00 pm

I went backpacking in Desolation Wilderness on my Honeymoon in … I think it was 1980. June 2, I recall. (hey! I was a POOR student back then). Drove up from the Valley where it was crystal CLEAR and about 96deg.F. … hiked along the warm, clear, ridgeline of the Sierra. Made camp, and awoke about 2am to a collapsing tent which had about 2inches of snow piled up. Continued to snow and storm wildly the next day. Hiked-out … Honeymoon officially OVER. Yes, it was an OMEN for a FAILED marriage (thank God I got AWAY from that nut job…)
Just another example of Jerry’s “drought” and “drought-like” conditions.

April 11, 2018 10:58 pm

A couple years back people all talked about the permanent drought. I’d ask why they thought that to be the case and they just looked at me like I was a idiot. There’s nothing but true believers in this state.
Now, of course that act like these storms have never occurred before. There is a disturbing need in people around me to embrace and desire a dystopian future.
Don’t get it….

Reply to  Grant
April 12, 2018 12:07 pm

Surely the simple explanation is that most people are too stupid to understand, or so weak willed hey would rather follow the recieved social group wisdom than fid out the facts. That is why most of ur government and political system in Western Democracies are so corrupt and dishonest, the governmenthas no problem selling any old story they choose to the majority Why independent minded intellectuals are the first target of any totallitarianism, especially of the likes of high priests of required belief like Michael Mann, who have taken the political Dollar to produce fake science that makes them and their masters rich at public expense, by law..Good old time region business, 21st Century style.

michael hart
April 12, 2018 5:57 am

Yes, understanding and predicting all that rain is nice.
But it also helps to capture some of it efficiently enough to satisfy water needs, instead of forever imagining what global warming will or won’t do to rainfall patterns in a century’s time. I can’t help thinking there is an imbalance that needs correcting, and most of the people who do all that well paid predicting probably don’t have to spend too much time worrying about the size of their water bills. One can also go into some Central Valley Walmarts during the summer heat and find them full of poor immigrant families who cannot afford air conditioning, something that is not needed so much if you can afford property close to the ocean.

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