What do three CET reference weather stations used by the Met Office have in common?

Guest essay by Tom Barr Central England Temperature stations, long considered a benchmark, have been affected by land use change and urbanisation The answer is blindingly obvious, from above: they are all subject to considerable modern local urbanisation immediately to the North, including heated greenhouses designed to replicate a Mediterranean climate. The Met Office relies…

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How not to measure temperature (or climate) #97 – California's warming air temperatures are population and site bias related

A couple of days ago, I highlighted a worst of the worst NOAA climate monitoring station in Arizona with the help of a scientist from the University of Washington. My friend Jim Goodridge, former California State Climatologist continues to be busy in his retirement, and sends this along today. He’s been tracking a group of…

Approximately 92% (or 99%) of USHCN surface temperature data consists of estimated values

An analysis of the U.S. Historical Climatological Network (USHCN) shows that only about 8%-1% (depending on the stage of processing) of the data survives in the climate record as unaltered/estimated data. Guest essay by John Goetz A previous post showed that the adjustment models applied to the GHCN data produce estimated values for  approximately 66% of…