From Government Accountability & Oversight
Following up on this story, and related complaints filed with congressional ethics watchdog offices, courtesy of Capital Research Center’s intrepid Hayden Ludwig we now see that the money behind privately financed congressional investigative staff is coming from none other than George Soros’s Open Society ventures.
Specifically, it appears that $300,000 went from Soros’ c4 (Open Society Policy Institute) to 1630 Fund for Co-Equal Action, with the grant tag, “to support work to enhance congressional effectiveness and oversight”.
Another $282,2000 went to the Hill-support operation courtesy of “eBay founder Pierre Omidyar’s Democracy Fund Voice in 2019 to ‘provide information and advice that helps members of Congress advance policies and conduct effective oversight.’”
As we now know, thanks to those two ethics complaints and yesterday’s common public right of access lawsuit for records filed against House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, et al., that means providing off-books congressional investigators to augment professional staff, improperly for any Member or office which partakes, to pursue private party, political opponents.
Which is a donor-dangle to Members to violate not only House Rules but federal law, should they bite. Which House Oversight Subcommittee Chairman Ro Khanna has confessed to doing. As all laid out in those complaints. One recipient of which, the House Inspector General, immediately waved off as not being his job. Even though it seems to fall pretty cleanly within his remit of investigating management of House resources.
Democracy dies in dark-moneyness, etc. Note that this money came via Arabella’s c4 umbrella group — a hard core political entity, not some arguably nonpartisan c3 “charity” or public education institution. For a slew of quotes and critiques of the 1630 Fund c4 by WaPo, Politico et al. see CRC’s compilation here.So, we now know that partisan financing of prosecutorial or quasi-judicial activities goes beyond just Soros prosecutors, above-board and legal, or Michael Bloomberg’s scheme planting privately hired activist prosecutors to pursue his agenda through state attorneys general offices which falls into a much grayer area. It extends to off-books congressional staff, who represent a facial violation (by Members who partake) of House Rules and federal law.
This operation — hiding in plain sight courtesy of a New York Times rollout piece so clumsily incurious that it never considered the propriety or even legality of what it nonetheless confesses is revolutionary, a “unique approach” now being tried in apparent response to the election of Donald Trump as President — is a pulse-check for the institution of journalism. But, even though it’s people we like, pushing idea we agree with? It represents a test of principle for the Republican congressional minority, “Dark Money” scold Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse, and any elected congressional Democrats who would like to demonstrate their rhetoric about good governance is remotely sincere.
The same as Hillary Clinton or Stacy Abrams not being banned from social media for claiming their election loss was fixed, such rules only apply to the opposition.
Their goals are so inherently pure, they are never even questioned.
In recent days, Biden has been asked if the 2022 election would be legitimate if the Democrats new election laws aren’t passed. So far Biden has refused to answer the question.
I wonder if the usual suspects will be as eager to declare Biden a traitor for questioning elections?
“I wonder if the usual suspects will be as eager to declare Biden a traitor for questioning elections?”
Of course, we know the Left is not going to criticize Biden and call him a traitor.
But I will. I will call Biden a traitor to his country because he *is* a traitor to his country along with a large number of the other members of the Obama-Biden administration. They used the power of the federal government to attack their political opponents, and Biden is still doing so. Therefore, Biden, and all those associated with these activities are traitors to the U.S. Constitution and the People of the United States.
I’ve just started reading all the details about the Biden familiy and the Chicoms and their “business” dealings with each other. Stay tuned.
I wonder this is a set up for a strategy to challenge, in court, every race where the Dems lose in the midterm elections?
Claim and blame such things as Voter ID laws, checking voter registries to be sure all those registered are still alive and legal citizens, etc. have “suppressed” the vote?
Hillary did admit to losing the election. To … Romania.
What does it say that a former SoS of The World Superpower, with more money to spend than in any other election, loses to a (trying to be not insulting) … small, not very important, country?
Read the entire complaint letter and you are once again hit in the face with the fact that these politicians feel they are free to commit crimes without recourse. This particular scam of hiring ‘volunteer consultants’ to work with democrat congressional staff to investigate companies and people and then partake in legal actions is very much in line with what Zuck did with his money during the last election. It is all illegal and is further evidence that they need to lie cheat and steal their way to forcing everyone to believe their idiotic plans are all about saving the planet .
George Soros has never struck me as having any interest in saving the planet. Destroying civil society, yes. Its just a means to an end for him.
Soros is often referred to as “the man who broke the bank of England”. His specialty is shorting a countries currency with large purchases, then re-converting when the exchange rate falls dramatically, sort of a short-selling scheme. His interest in climate change is alarming as he appears to think he can make billions from the theme.
His infamous Bank of England £ short decades ago made him over $2 billion in about a month.
Add Malaysia to the target list.
“His interest in climate change is alarming as he appears to think he can make billions from the theme.”
I think one of the first people the new Republican-led House of Representatives should investigate is George Soros. He has done as much as anyone to undermine the United States and the way it is governed, and Congress should investigate and see whether he needs to be put in jail or not. I think he needs to be put in jail.
Don’t forget his associate, now deceased Canadian billionaire, former United Nations senior executive, Maurice Strong who is said to have been the architect of climate hoax politics based on natural climate change, and weather.
Hungary learned firsthand the disaster of socialism and government by elitists.
Soros did not. Hungary steadfastly and clearly rebukes and resists socialism and autocratic government. Soros embraces it. He is not popular in the country of his birth.
“He is not popular in the country of his birth.”
That’s because his fellow countrymen are on to him. They know he is up to no good.
And they will continue to, so long as the feckless Republicans stand by idly and watch.
“Civil servants” who supposedly work for the public are seldom held to account for their misdeeds. For example, we are always told that ignorance of the law is no defense (although there are way too many laws on the books for a single person to know), whereas public employees are given the benefit of the doubt and all too often are forgiven for their “mistakes” even if they have grave consequences for some member(s) of the public. They are basically treated as a different (higher) class of citizens than the rest of us. This is disgusting and must stop if we are to preserve our freedoms and individual liberty.
What is so disconcerting is that most (?) of the Supreme Court justices are either wearing blinkers or so politically partisan. How else can one explain that they seem unconcerned about taking a close look at what appears to many ordinary but thoughtful American citizens to be blatantly illegal.
I think part of the problem is that way to often “precedent” has been given more authority than the Original Constitution and, particularly, the The Bill of Rights that put limits on what Feds could do to an individual’s innate rights and the rights of the State’s Governments that make up the United States of America.
(How many on SCOTUS have read The Declaration of Independence? That was the conception of our nation. Is SCOTUS to end the “long train” or become a part of it?)
these politicians feel they are free to commit crimes without recourse
I think you mean without consequence. They feel that way because they ARE free to do so – when do they ever face any consequences?
“Forget it Jake, it’s [DC]-town!”
The same trick was played at the state AG and local DA levels. Dark money for ‘extra’ (illegal) investigators, mostly looking into ‘climate/opposition crimes’. Didn’t work out too well. And won’t work out too well for Congress come Nov 2022. Now 29 Dem Congresspersons ‘retiring’. And Cheney lost her straw poll big time. And Kinsinger is not running again.
I see the bigger picture more simply. Despite all this dark illegal leftist stuff, Dems still had to steal the election for Biden. Despite the gaslighting, that gets clearer state by state in different ways. New Ga revelations. Wi indefinitely confined cheat of about 170k. Pa ~700k discrepancy between (partly invalid) written mail in requests and mail ins counted per now fired Pa SoS. Michigan Antrim County proven voting machine irregularities…
And stolen election Biden has turned out an unmitigated disaster. Afghan fiasco, supply chain fiasco, cancel KXL so oil prices shoot up fiasco, inflation, Covid OSHA mess, southern border mess, Biden chose Kamala mess, Kerry ‘we are failing to save the climate’ mess as Buil Back Better fails, Biden cognition issues.
So payback coming Nov 2022.
Mentioning voting machines, I had a chuckle watching the latest series of Ozark, when there was mention of a software scam whereby a voting machine’s tallies could be edited without leaving any audit logs of transactions.
Fiction now reflecting real life?
Antrim County in real life. Discovered on the down ballots, but a +/- 4 k swing in the presidential. Is litigated, so legit. Means Dominion eventually loses the Giuliani and Powell and Lindell defamation suits. Cause Antrim happened using their machines. Only takes one truth to disprove general defamation.
I hope this is true.
I just got off a flight from Houston to Denver and there were at least a couple of dozen Spanish speaking passengers, almost all young men, who it appeared had never flown before. I got some pleasure watching their reactions to takeoff, normal turbulence and their excitement at looking out the windows.
I assume that the plan is that these will be future democrat voters. I also assume that they were violators of immigration law but that’s just my guess, and I don’t begrudge their desire to improve their lives by coming here. However, the streets of Denver and Boulder are slowly assuming the appearance of LA and SFO with tarps and tents and all manner of encampments.
It seems like we should get are shit together and take care of existing problems here, before we help out Mexico and Central America, especially since there may be a connection between illegal immigration, suppression of wages and importation of illegal drugs, etc.
You do realise that Hispanics make up 38% of the population of Texas and thus you might expect a couple of dozen spanish speakers on any plane. And they are almost certainly going to be voting democrat if they get subject to the level of racial abuse demonstrated here from republicans. Furthermore as most people should be aware Texas was originally part of Mexico and so they never “came here” but rather their ancestors had their land stolen by settlers who thought they could more easily keep slaves if they belonged to the US.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Texas) During the period of recorded history from 1519 AD to 1848, all or parts of Texas were claimed by five countries: France, Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, and the United States of America, as well as the Confederacy during the Civil War.
Why single out Mexico?
Because that bolsters his charge of racism, the others don’t.
Either that, or total ignorance.
“And they are almost certainly going to be voting democrat if they get subject to the level of racial abuse demonstrated here from republicans.”
That’s completely untrue. Noone here abuses Hispanics. Name one time.
The only complaint that is voiced here about Hispanics, or any other race/ethnicity is to call them illegal aliens, which they are, and the complaint is not that they are Hispanic, the complaint is they are breaking U.S. laws by entering the country illegally, thus the “illegal” in illegal aliens, and the complaint applies to any illegal of any race.
It’s not racist to call a lawbreaker a lawbreaker.
What’s your definiton of racist and where’s your example of such being presented here at WUWT?
Don’t you know that everyone the socialists don’t like, is a white nationalist?
That’s true, but Izaak is claiming specific incidents of racial discrimination here at WUWT.
I called him out on it, which is what should be done when someone is lying and smearing the people at WUWT.
It really is amazing how socialists believe they have a right to re-write history.
Those Americans were invited in by Mexico with promises of land and a certain amount of autonomy. A later government of Mexico tried to take those promises back and inhabitants revolted. Not just the whites, but most of the natives as well. Texas originally formed an independent nation, that only later decided to join the US when Mexico started agitating to take it back by force.
I find it interesting that the man who assumes that if you are Hispanic, therefor you speak Spanish most of the time, manages to assume other people are racist.
How does laying claim to some territory for a period of time give Mexico (or any other nation) any right in perpetuity to that territory? Virtually every piece of land has been occupied, fought over, lost, won again, and lost again. It is the way of the world. Get over it.
“I assume that the plan is that these will be future democrat voters.”
Yes, I think that is the goal of the Democrats. Just another reason to require that those who vote are eligible to vote. Illegal aliens are not eliglbe to vote. Of course, the Democrats wanted to change that and allow them to vote but their “Build Back Better” bill looks like it is going nowhere, but only because two moderate Democrat Senators blocked it. Otherwise, illegal aliens would be voting in our next election.
“I also assume that they were violators of immigration law but that’s just my guess,”
Maybe, maybe not.
“and I don’t begrudge their desire to improve their lives by coming here.”
Yes, if I were looking for a new start, I would be heading for the United States, too.
You don’t see illegal aliens invading China and Russia and Iran and North Korea. That’s because they don’t offer the promise that the United States offers to anyone lucky enough to live within its borders.
The US is probably one of the least racist countries on the planet.
And that is the problem.
Don’t count your November payback before it is hatched. With good reason, the Dems remain confident they can steal the 2022 election cycle.
It’s why they haven’t stepped back one inch from their agenda, and show no sign of doing so.
The Republicans haven’t done nearly enough of the low level pre-prep work needed to counter the Dems vote fraud machine.
The RINOs still aren’t on board with supporting the Three November Movement and will not stand with MAGA Republicans when push comes to shove over 2022 election irregularities.
Unless there is a lot more progress between now and November than we’ve seen so far, 2022 will be a rerun of 2020.
Yes, next time the electors of representatives to governments in the USA ought to be demanding independent oversight of electoral processes and votes tabulation.
Australia for example has a standing federal government department (Electoral Commission) that is staffed by career public servants – no political party appointees, consultants, etc.
Candidates are entitled to have scrutineers present at vote counting to oversee procedures, provenance and activities, and to sample / check the accuracy of ballot counts. Recounts always in tight results.
To me as an outsider looking in, the US electoral process overall presents a standing invitation to win contests by whichever party is prepared to bend the rules the most.
The US is one of the few countries on the planet that doesn’t demand some form of voter ID when voting.
“Unless there is a lot more progress between now and November than we’ve seen so far, 2022 will be a rerun of 2020.”
It’s going to be a landslide for Republicans. The Democrats can’t steal this election. They might be able to steal a few local elections, but Republicans won BIG in all local elections in 2020, except for the presidential election, and the Republicans are going to win big this time too, especially since all the signs are going against the Democrats. The Democrats are imploding, with several dozen long-term Democrats in the House retiring.
The Dems vote fraud machine is a highly sophisticated, well-funded, and well staffed operation.
It operates in every state, red and blue alike. Tens of thousands of people are now employed either full time or part time in running it.
Even now as we speak, the Dems are moving heaven and earth to get their vote fraud machine tuned up and ready for the 2022 cycle.
In 2020, Trump’s coat tails were so long that the Dem’s fraud machine couldn’t handle both the congressional elections and the presidential election at the same time.
In the late hours of November 3rd, 2020, the election fraud coordinators had to make a choice between focusing on the presidential side of the election or else attempting to go for both sides and risk losing each side.
They chose to focus on getting Biden across the finish line. The rest is history.
Assuming the Republicans in most states are as complacent as they were in 2020, then the Dem’s vote fraud machine has an easier task to accomplish this time around.
I think you give the Democrats too much credit. They only managed to steal the presidential election by a few tens of thousands of votes in about six States. Biden didn’t win by much.
I still say it’s going to be a Republican landslide in November. I would even bet money on it if I were a gambling man.
“And Cheney lost her straw poll big time.”
I thought that was worthy of note. Cheney has TDS real bad, and it blinds her to reality. Happily, it looks like she is on her way out.
I see where Nancy Pelosi announced she is going to run for another term. She won’t like being in the minority in the House of Representatives. She really wouldn’t like it if Republicans were to elect Donald Trump as Speaker of the House in Jan. 2023.
Minority leader McCarthy should step aside and allow Trump to be elected as Speaker of the House. Trump will serve for one year and then run for president and will turn the job back over to McCarthy when he starts campaigning.
A year with Trump as Speaker would be a beautiful thing!
January 2023 is just around the corner. Less than a year away now. It can’t come fast enough for me.
If Pelosi were to retire, the Democrats might be able to elect someone competent to replace her. There’s no chance of a Republican winning that seat. They won’t even have to spend more money in order to keep her seat.
i want lots of payback.
So when the Democratic party elite display their authoritarian/collectivist or statist nature explicitly, do rank and file Democrats stop and reflect? What are you thinking for even asking such a question, man? No they show off their authoritarian tendencies also.
What scares me is the number of college students who are willing to support jail time for those who disagree with them.
Same as Science. All contemporary Science does now is delve into oceans of trivia, scrambles around inside minutia mines and forests of irrelevance as the supposed scientists do exactly what Phil Jones predicted:
“Find something wrong with it”
Who would have guessed he was so far ahead of his time- or was he?
He telling the world that science was dead way back then.
And what did everyone do – pointed and laughed at the man – as they set off on their way to the nearest minutia mine.
what do they say about ‘stupid’
Peta, a lot gets said about “stupid” in the media and public discourse every day.
(By “stupid”, I presumed you’re referring to Joe Biden).
No problem, just dox their America hating anti-human asses. Let Black Lies Matter go harass them. Soros has disassociated his organization from them, they can just take money directly from his minions. I like the ironic symmetry of it. Always use your enemy’s tactics and weapons against them.
Who wrote this, Charles?
It was “WEBEDITOR” from GAO: https://govoversight.org/author/webeditor2/
There are definitely issues with the way it was written, lol
Last year one of the .com billionaires spent about 45 million dollars to hire attorneys to work with election committees to make sure as many challenged ballots were accepted as possible. It’s just that he only did this for heavily Democrat districts. Like Al Gore wanting to only recount districts with heavy Democrat vote totals. This was an exercise in manufacturing Democrat votes, and it worked.
It’s a pattern. Mark Zuckerberg & wife spent $350 million manipulating the 2020 election by providing money for get out the vote efforts routed inside the election machinery of heavily Democrat counties. Thus, counties that could be counted on to produce a high proportion of Democrat votes were lavished with funds to hire staff, increase hours, install ballot drop boxes, do publicity campaigns and events, etc. designed to produce more ballots from Democrat-leaning voting areas, while Republican-leaning areas were largely excluded.
It worked and they’ll do it again if they can. Why do you think the Democrat Party is apoplectic over new voting laws seeking to standardize the way these things are done statewide? They know they got a big advantage in 2020 by skewing the playing field in their direction and they don’t want it leveled.
See here (and search related reporting from the same site): https://thefederalist.com/2021/10/14/zuckerbucks-101-how-a-media-mogul-took-over-the-2020-election-and-why-gop-leaders-must-never-let-it-happen-again/
manipulating elections by persauding people to vote? Isn’t that what all politicans try and do? Since when is making it easy for people to legally cast a vote a bad idea? I have lived in several countries and never have I once had to wait more than a few minutes before being able to vote. Yet in the US supposedly once of the richest countries in the world waiting for hours to vote is commonplace and now Republicans are trying to make it illegal to even hand out bottles of water to voters.
I’ve never had to wait more than 30 minutes to vote in anyplace in the US.
“and now Republicans are trying to make it illegal to even hand out bottles of water to voters.”
That’s a distortion of the facts, Izaak. The election laws restrict campaigning for candidates within a certain distance of the voting booth, so the election laws only restrict political activists from passing out water as part of their effort to promote a particular candidate.
Unaffiliated parties can pass out all the water needed, and people can bring their own water with them, and the lines waiting times are not long.
I don’t know what elections you are referring to when you claim voters are “waiting for hours”. It usually takes me about 15 minutes, once I reach the voting place, if that long.
The new election laws are meant to make voting easier and cheating harder.
If Izaak were to limit himself to telling the truth, he wouldn’t have anything to say.
Once again Izaak displays his world class abilities to completely miss the point. The point is that he only makes these efforts in areas that are likely to produce Democrat votes. If he was doing this everywhere, there would be no complaints. Since he’s doing it in order to help the Democrats, it should be counted as a donation to the Democrat party.
I’ve been voting for over 40 years, and I’ve only had to wait more than 20 minutes once. I had to wait over 2 hours in 1980 in order to vote for Reagan.
Many times I’ve been able to walk in, go immediately to the registration table, then go immediately to one of the voting stations.
Reading is fundamental. I never said anything about making it easy for people to legally vote being bad. Nice attempt at misdirection and strawmanning, though.
And if you think the Georgia law prevents people from getting water in line rather than the reality of it preventing people from bribing voters in line with food and drink, that ignorance is on you. Don’t believe the propaganda you read in the New York Times is the lesson here.
“Don’t believe the propaganda you read in the New York Times is the lesson here.”
I have read that George Soros also invests in media businesses to gain influence, here in Australia for example he purchased a large shareholding in what was then the Channel 9 television media business that has since taken over the former Fairfax Group of newspapers.
Reminds me of the Fabian Society (Marxist) saying about “the inevitability of gradualness” … it won’t happen overnight but over time it will happen. Just keep chipping away and use media units and spin doctors to spread propaganda to the people, like climate hoax and warming scares.
I have read that Rupert Murdoch also invests in media businesses to gain influence…
It was my understanding that Rupert Murdoch took over his family’s media empire and built on the successes to create an even bigger business empire, not an investor from outside that business sector.
Congress should expel every member who accepted Soros money to hire staff. That does NOT sound like it’s respectful of our Constitution or to being a representative of a polity based on state geography.
Don’t skip clicking on the 2nd link that takes you to the Capital Research Center’s post. One of the hallmarks of far-leftists is the way they project what they are onto our side as accusations of what our side supposedly is. When they scream about our side being well-funded to do illicit, immoral work, well … they’re just pointing a giant arrow at themselves.
If it furthers their agenda, it is ipso facto “good governance”, regardless of any law or ethical considerations.
Climate Deniers in the 117th Congress – Center for American Progress
According to new analysis from the Center for American Progress, there are still 139 elected officials in the 117th Congress, including 109 representatives and 30 senators, who refuse to acknowledge the scientific evidence of human-caused climate change. All 139 of these climate-denying elected officials have made recent statements casting doubt on the clear, established scientific consensus that the world is warming—and that human activity is to blame. These same 139 climate-denying members have received more than $61 million in lifetime contributions from the coal, oil, and gas industries.
I really wouldn’t worry about that Griffy, it’s balanced out by the hundreds of elected officials in congress who do believe in the ‘scientific’ consensus who have also received millions in lifetime contributions from the oil, coal and gas industries. The Democrats are awash with big oil money, their members continue to receive massive handouts from oil, coal and gas interests and no-one seems to mind. Don’t forget Soros is a coal magnate, Rockefeller foundation is big oil and they are pouring money into these people’s pockets far more than the ‘deniers’ you complain about.
Glory be, griff, you have actually supplied a link to some data.
A pity it doesn’t actually prove that CO2 is the control knob for the temperature but it is a start. Now do some more digging and find the proof that everyone is looking for.
I’m not holding my breath, though.
It doesn’t prove that those 139 politicians have been bought off by the oil and gas industry either.
139 receiving $61million in lifetime donations from an entire industry?
griffie poo, do you have any idea how little that actually is?
Regardless, the fact that only 139 members of congress are willing to actually follow the science is depressing.
Let’s talk serious money, shall we?
Here is the worlds most influential banker, from the Bank of England, now the UN Climate finance czar at the Glasgow COP26 conference, interviewed by Bloomberg :
Net-Zero a Ruthless, Relentless Focus for GFANZ: Mark Carney
There Mr. Carney clearly says for all to hear that NetZero will cost $100 TRILLION !
And you fret about a few $million? Another report here estimated $433 TRILLION to electrify the US.
Now this eye-watering liquidity is meant to be a bank bail-out, for an utterly bankrupt transatlantic system, and for sure some Congressmen do know this. As COP26 delivered only Sharma’s pitiful whimper, war is again on the table.
Many wonder what this guy is all about , and what the attack on Sterling was all about :
See Karl Popper’s 1945 masterwork, The Open Society and Its Enemies, a philosophical defense of imperialism, specifically of British liberal imperialism, as espoused by LSE’s founders. Popper was Soros’s mentor at the London School of Economics.
Simply put feudalism is the objective.
From the article: “This operation — hiding in plain sight courtesy of a New York Times rollout piece so clumsily incurious that it never considered the propriety or even legality of what it nonetheless confesses is revolutionary, a “unique approach” now being tried in apparent response to the election of Donald Trump as President”
Yes, there are a lot of criminals out to get Donald Trump.
They better hurry, because the 2022 and 2024 elections are coming on fast.
Very little the Democrats say or do in public can be construed as sincere. They are the kings and queens of false narratives.
Off-books congressional staff funded / run by an enemy of the current governmental system and our culture (totalitarian)? Now there’s a rabbit-hole both sides should avoid and there those Dems are going there first – again.
Soros seems to be bad news where ever he spends his ‘hard earned fortune’ .
Soros is definitely bad news for any established society. His goal is to disrupt established societies.
There was a time when Democrats were against billionaires buying our democracy.
If Americans allow wealthy autocrats with no moral scruples such as Soros to buy their political desires through corrupt practices, those same Americans can kiss their beloved democracy goodbye.
“those same Americans can kiss their beloved democracy goodbye.”
That’s exactly right. Our freedoms are slipping from our fingers even now due to the manipulations of George Soros. He has turned parts of our nation into lawless regions, and would happily do the same to the entire nation if he could. But I think people are starting to become aware of the danger Soros poses to our society, and I believe the pushback is coming.
This article is a good example of why we must act to arrest the decline of the proper usage of the English language. A sound grasp of grammar enables a writer to write coherent sentences and clarify his message. The reader should not have to read and reread sentences to understand what the writer is trying to communicate.
There is a story here but one has to struggle to ascertain what it actually is.