Study: UK Imports 32% of Fruit and Vegetables from “Climate Vulnerable” Countries

There is no demonstrated risk to health from eating fruits and vegetables that have been sprayed with lawfully approved pesticides.

Guest essay by Eric Worrall

A LSE study expresses concern that if the UK keeps importing food from an increasingly diverse range of sources any climate upset could cause prices to rise and availability to suffer.

Published: 

United Kingdom’s fruit and vegetable supply is increasingly dependent on imports from climate-vulnerable producing countries

Pauline F. D. ScheelbeekCami MossThomas KastnerCarmelia Alae-CarewStephanie JarmulRosemary GreenAnna TaylorAndy Haines & Alan D. Dangour 

The contribution of domestic production to total fruit and vegetable supply in the UK decreased from 42% in 1987 to 22% in 2013. The impact of this changing pattern of UK fruit and vegetable imports from countries with different vulnerabilities to projected climate change on the resilience of the UK food system is currently unknown. Here, we used the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) bilateral trade database over a period of 27 years to estimate changes in fruit and vegetable supply in the UK and the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN) climate vulnerability categories to assess the climate vulnerability of countries supplying fruit and vegetables to the UK. The diversity of fruit and vegetable supply has increased. In 1987, 21 crops constituted the top 80% of all fruit and vegetables supplied to the UK; in 2013, it was 34 crops. The contribution of tropical fruits has rapidly increased while that of more traditional vegetables, such as cabbages and carrots, has declined. The proportion of fruit and vegetables supplied to the UK market from climate-vulnerable countries increased from 20% in 1987 to 32% in 2013. Sensitivity analyses using climatic and freshwater availability indicators supported these findings. Increased reliance on fruit and vegetable imports from climate-vulnerable countries could negatively affect the availability, price and consumption of fruit and vegetables in the UK, affecting dietary intake and health, particularly of older people and low-income households. Inter-sectoral actions across agriculture, health, environment and trade are critical in both the UK and countries that export to the UK to increase the resilience of the food system and support population health.

Read more: https://www.nature.com/articles/s43016-020-00179-4

I remember food shopping in Britain. When I couldn’t buy strawberries I bought bananas or apples. Or maybe Kiwifruit. It wasn’t the end of the world that I couldn’t buy strawberries that week.

A long time ago when I studied a unit of economics I was taught that a multitude of independent supply chains for essential products is good, because if anything disrupts one of the supply chains, there are plenty of other options to fall back on. But I guess economic thinking seems to have moved on from this view.

77 thoughts on “Study: UK Imports 32% of Fruit and Vegetables from “Climate Vulnerable” Countries

  1. Increasing the number of sources of supply will decrease the risk of supply problems, not the reverse. Relying only on home grown would be hugely risky, as summer weather varies so much from year to year.

    I notice, BTW, they don’t quantify how these other countries are “more vulnerable” to the weather.

    • Yes, very interesting to find out just which these “climate vulnerable” are and what their past five years’ crop production have been.

      I seem to have read several time about how 2019/20 crop production in many countries has increased to “record” levels recently.

      • I don’t know about fruits and vegetables, but global yield of cereal grains has continued to rise year after year. With the greening of the earth I have no idea why it wouldn’t be generally the same for produce.

        I notice in the stores here in the US that though that produce has not been effected much by COVID but that of some processed foods most certainly has. Meats were for a time but seem to have come back to pre-COVID levels now.

        We have strawberries, kiwi, apples, bananas, and those little tangerine like “Cuties” in our kitchen right now. I just finished of the last of an excellent batch of naval oranges yesterday.

        From what I have read during WW II about everything in England was rationed severely. That is everything but Brussel sprouts which for what ever reason the islands grew plenty of on the limited and ever shrinking acreage available as more and more farm land was used for USAF and other military facilities as US forces grew in anticipation of the invasion of mainland Europe.

        There are two things of the standard British military fare that were almost universally hated by the GIs. Brussel sprouts and mutton. They did however love their tea ration.

        As an SF soldier I ate a lot of meals in the military messes of allied NATO countries military. I would say the worst was a tie between Belgium and Norway. The best was Italian. Hell the Italians had a cognac in their field rations. I would rather not talk about what I ate in some of the non NATO military messes. Good thing I’ve never been a picky eater.

      • Not just recently. Global crop harvest have been setting records each year for more than ten years, especially in grain harvests. It’s like the media and climate scientists can’t find global harvest records on the internet. Doesn’t say much for their computer skills.

        • Tim, the burgeoning bounty is courtesy of elevated CO2 and a degree of warming over 150 years. Media and climate scientists have a pact not to talk about elephantine benefits to CO2 and a stingy bit of warmth. Heck CO2 emissions must be net several hundreds of dollars per tonne in the benefits column. It would be nice if someone could calculate this in terms of food production growth, revegetation of the earth (+25%) which is timber, habitat for non human citizens of the planet, diversity of species, drought resistance, etc. etc. There must be handy ‘costs’ for the reverse of all these features generated by the néomarxiste that we can throw in their faces.

      • The UK’s fruit supply faces no risk from global warming, provided Russia and/or Canada are prepared to sell them tropical fruits, etc.

    • “Increasing the number of sources of supply will decrease the risk of supply problems, not the reverse.”

      Paul, it’s pretty bad when this stuff comes from the London School of Economics! Let’s do a thought experiment to falsify their theory. Choose the most ‘vulnerable’ country on the list and import all of your food from it to reduce this diversity. QED

    • Yes, I was struck by the same bizarre logic of diversity of supply sources equals MORE risk.

      And by the ginormous incongruity of being so worried about some potential harm to consumers due to slightly higher fruit prices, that you’ll guarantee a hundred or a thousand times more harm by raising the price of fuel and electricity on everyone, not just the fruit eaters. To say nothing of the risks of “tipping” a bunch of people at the margins into energy poverty, where now their winter heating, transportation, food, and consumer goods will ALL BECOME MORE EXPENSIVE BECAUSE OF LOW DENSITY, UNRELIABLE, INTERMITTENT ENERGY, FRACKING BANS, OIL AND GAS TAXES, CARBON TAXES AND OUTRIGHT BANS ON FOSSIL FUELS.

      It’s so damn hard to get messages through to committed Socialists and Progressives. They WANT their imaginary little Unicorn fart dreams so badly, that they cannot see a Venezuela situation happening here in the USA, so they keep pushing harder to make it happen.

      • I didn’t mean to imply that the US is the only country with the problem. heh heh, It’s a problem in the UK, too, of course and for the entire world, the EU, Africa, South America, Hong Kong, Australia and NZ, India, everywhere.

        The London School of Economics was formed by the Fabian Socialists who wanted World Communism but via infiltration and internal takeovers, relentless pressure from bureaucratic elites, instead of by violent revolution. Their crest was literally a wolf in sheep’s clothing. These are the folks who brought Eugenics and Progressivism, the League of Nations and it’s successor, the United Nations, and Socialized Medicine and Woodrow Wilson and FDR’s New Deal to the world. And they want to now force us to choke down Green New Deals, Paris Climate Accords, bans on coal power in Africa, and Agenda 21.

        My secular prayer from an atheist-leaning agnostic: Please God, wake up the stupid idiots who think Progressivism is just an advanced and more enlightened form of Classical Liberalism, before they get what they’re really asking for.

      • It seems the disasterists and MSM only refer to ‘cheap, renewable energy’ being the required solution to all of our woes due to dreaded ‘carbon’, regardless of reality showing how much more expensive they are compared to fossil fuels.

        Another example of saying a lie long and strong enough that it becomes believable.

      • “If you wish to converse with me, define your terms.”

        ― Voltaire

        You will need to define what you mean by vulnerable and invulnerable. If a country known for its winter sports and skiing warms and is known instead for its vineyards and fine wines. Was it vulnerable?
        If the Ferrel cells move South and the rain belts are now over North Africa and the Sahara greens and people are now able to grow food at Californian levels in what was arid desert – was the Sahara vulnerable to climate change?

    • I am doing my part, and so should you, by refusing to buy any products from vulnerable nations that have bad weather. Bad weather is a tragedy, not something to laugh at. Bad weather leads to a bad climate, and a bad climate leads to an existential threat. I’m not sure what “existential” means relative to the climate, but it can’t be good.

      Single sourcing, and just in time deliveries, save money. Dual sourcing and significant inventory stored in warehouse(s) are more expensive, but could prevent supply chain disruptions. It’s a typical risk versus reward decision. Purchasing agents usually have a two martini lunch and then flip a coin to decide. Or so I’ve heard from engineers.

    • My mother told me that during WW2, while the Germans occupied both France and the English Channel Islands, the only source of onions was the small quantity of (greenish) onions grown in Britain. This made cooking somewhat of a problem. Think about how many recipes (mine included) start with “coarsely chop a small onion…”

  2. A question that needs asking is what measure is being used in this article/report?

    If it is in cash terms then it is irrelevant except so far as prices go.

    If it is in quantity terms whether tonnes or units then it would be more relevant as it could suggest that the country couldn’t feed itself. But even if it is in quantity terms then taht needs to be clarified whether it is on a per capita basis or total supply as the UK population has increased significantly over the time period involved.

    In terms of growing space for crops, land lost due to wind and solar farms also has to be accounted for. In East angle what used to be fields of grains are now fields of PV panels.

    • As an Englishman I do not know were East angle is. However as someone whose family, several generations back, hails from Norwich I know were East Anglia is. It comprises Norfolk, Suffolk
      and Cambridgeshire.

      • You left out Essex, where the Battle of Maldon and various other important bits of Anglo-Saxon history took place. I hope you are not experiencing Countyism, this wokist stuff is deplorably catching.

      • Donald, I don’t hale from East Anglia or even UK, but one of my fondest memories is of having Christmas dinner at the country home of friends in Diss, Norfolk in 1964(?).

        They had bought a turkey because I’m Canadian and I soon gathered that turkey was a relatively radical thing to have for Christmas in Britain. Indeed, they asked me for advice and help in how to prepare and cook this monster! I confessed that my mother, grandmother and aunts had cooked all the Turkey I had ever eaten so I had to go on flimsy memory about the stuffing and cooking! What I ended up demonstrating is Turkey is pretty good no matter what you do to it.

        The next morning after breakfast, we went for church service at a small stone church said to have been built by Chaucer’s grandson, and then, with walking sticks, we crossed crispy frosted meadows to the tiniest country pub I have ever seen.

  3. The new cold period hasn’t hit quite yet..

    That is when vulnerable supply chains will be tested.

    Those areas that are just warm enough now.. may not be.

  4. Perhaps a bigger risk to supply are the arch Green plans to rewild at least 30% of farmland, with further decimation from turning more of it into housing estates.

    The greening of the earth has be opening up more possibilities for agriculture, but I bet the study ignores them.

    • Rewilding? Well, I hope no-one is tremendously fond of roast lamb, because these dangerous nutters want to re-introduce WOLVES to the UK! Guess what they would most like to eat…

  5. As members of the EU our farmers and landowners were paid not to produce anything, so should we be surprised? We should have totally escaped the EU tyranny by January 1st 2021, thank goodness.

    • That aspect of the CAP, is long gone.
      Our food prices will rise, due to the effects of tariffs, especially if we do wind up with a no deal in January.

  6. I read this article in the Guardian yesterday. It doesn’t seem to list who the climate-vulnerable producing countries are. Neither does the Nature abstract.

  7. Oh ‘shut up’ – just EAT ! ….. Aye, the hypocrysies of the green blob: “Most” cooking progs involve using imported non-indigenous foods……

    • “d” – “Free market economics”!! What is that?? Government’s task is to make plans about future business and future supply, so that we citizens have no need to worry. The Soviet Union, don’t you know, showed us the way. Here they made “three year plans”, or “five year plans” – and Soviet citizens were so happy, don’t you know. They were safely cared for by wise politicians – They never needed to worry (unlike us).

      Adam Smith – who was he?? Invisible hands – what is that??

      • Saw a quote: “Anyone who thinks that the government will look after them has only to look at the Amerind tribes…”
        (PS Sorry about my frequent use of ellipsis, but it’s sort of “makes you wanna think, dunnit?”).

  8. o/t but I am now seeing GoogleAds with links to wikipedia on the Greenhouse Effect etc. So who’s paying for those ads then? And why?

    Gives me the impression WUWT is being targeted with indirect “fact checking”. By who?

    But then when you are taking flak you know you over the target.

  9. So… what is the point to this report? DO import foodstuffs from other countries, or DO NOT import foodstuffs from other countries?

    Does that mean that the peasantry can’t go back to hunting the roe deer in the fall, to dry the venison for winter because it’s the Kings’/Queen’s deer herd and the Peasantry can’t have meat? Well, boys & girls, as it turns out, bread was the staple of the peasant diet in the Dark & Middle Ages, and in some cases, that WAS the only thing those people had available. ‘

    I do note the constant use of the subjunctive in these articles that WUWT brings up: that need to post a warning of some sort must be like having a nickel in their pockets when they were 7YO and wanted to spend it on penny candy and Mommy wouldn’t let them. And after reading just the posted selection of the quoted article from Nature, I”m still not sure what the author(s) is trying to say: DO or DO NOT import fruits & veggies from foreign countries.

    Explain that, please: because my raspberries sometimes come from the West Coast of the USA and sometimes come from Mexico Lindo, and occasionally, if the birds haven’t pigged down all of them, from the local forest preserve areas.

  10. The world’s human food supply is vastly and deeply dependent in abundant, affordable fossils. What the eco-greentards want to do to fossil fuel use is tantamount to carrying out a pan genocide for at least half the World’s population. Clearly many of them understand that. The general public doesn’t have a clue about that and simply don’t realize that Climate Change policy of on eliminating affordable fossil fuels is an Avenger’s Thanos-like desire to eliminate them if the Left accumulates enough power over them.

    Most people in 1930’s Europe didn’t think the German Nazi’s final solutions contained in Hitler’s Mein Kampf was a serious threat. But a few Jews did and like Albert Einstein were financially able to emigrate to escape the building menace to humanity. The 20th Century is filled with these totalitarian Left-driven genocides.

    The Left, using their anti-fossil fuel climate religion as a scythe in the 21st Century, are intent on making the 20th Century’s genocides look like the Warm-up Round for what they intend to bring. A feeble, controlled puppet President Biden is going to place many of these “green” Malthusians in charge of large powerful parts of the US government’s levers of power.

  11. The world’s human food supply is vastly and deeply dependent in abundant, affordable fossils. What the eco-greentards want to do to fossil fuel use is tantamount to carrying out a pan geno cide for at least half the World’s population. Clearly a fewof them understand that. The general public doesn’t have a clue about that and simply don’t realize that Climate Change policy of eliminating affordable fossil fuels is an Avenger’s Thanos-like desire to eliminate them if the Left accumulates enough power over them.

    Most people in 1930’s Europe didn’t think the German Nazi’s final solution contained in Hitler’s Mein Kampf was a threat to be taken deadly serious. But a few Jews did and like Albert Einstein who were financially able to emigrate to escape the building menace to humanity. The 20th Century is filled with these totalitarian Left-driven geno cides.

    The Left, using their anti-fossil fuel climate religion as a scythe in the 21st Century, are intent on making the 20th Century’s geno cides look like the Warm-up Round for what they intend to bring. A feeble, controlled puppet President Biden is going to place many of these “green” Malthusians in charge of large powerful parts of the US government’s levers of power.

    • Note: I had to split the word “geno cide “ to bypass WordPress comment PC filters.

      Also “fossil” in the first sentence should read “fossil fuel.”

    • Joel O’Bryan, I largely agree.

      It may not even be a coincident that Germany’s political leader 87 years ago stole the election and was a socialist vegetarian, who preferred animals over humans.
      On top of that, this leader used a top notch propaganda system barely rivaled before the Internet’s social media cranked up in speed.
      Sadly today there are so many similarities to this tragic history mostly forgotten or not understood by so many in so few generations.

  12. It seems to me that the argument here is that the UK needs WARMER weather in order to stop the reliance on other countries for food supplies.
    Warmer is better.

    • Iceland is way colder than UK, but they can grow tomatoes all year round cheaply without wind turbines and solar PVs.

      Okay, in Iceland they are cheating and use some hot stuff beneath the ground and have done so for half a century.

  13. You would have thought that after their WW11 experience the poms would have made sure they developed a system that allowed them to feed themselves.

    • pochas94,
      We also had the EU = and its boondoggle, the CAP.
      Perhaps, over the next few years, the UK will be able to grow [or raise livestock for much more of our food.
      Trading will allow exotics like pineapples to be sold here.

      Auto – looking forward to another bottle of English white wine!

  14. It is characteristic of intellectual wallpaper paste like this article, that it is based on statistics available to anyone with an internet search capacity. Nobody has shifted their bottoms to write this article. Nobody has thought to ask whether the data available might in some ways be questionable. Nobody has gone out and wrestled with increasingly unpredictable typhoons of mangoes and figs. It was a comfy ride, and there it is – published!

  15. There is a very simple Rule of Thumb that our ancient forebears knew about and followed/obeyed

    It said that,
    If you ventured somewhere new, with an idea of staying there semi or permanently permanently, when you arrive, take a good look around.
    See what grows, survives and thrives at that place.
    Eat *that* and you too will survive and thrive

    Another good rule comes out of why our eyes/brain system is so sensitive to movement.
    3 things there concerning movement
    If ‘it’ moves, it may:
    Be something that want to eat you
    Be something you can eat
    Be something you cam mate with

    Put those two together and what do you get………..
    I don’t *get* froots roots or vegeables

    Roots can be good coz they’re full of water – maybe there *is* something in ‘water divination’

  16. So wattda want? Rice-n-beans or beans ‘n rice?
    The name makes all the difference. ‘Climate-vunerable’? Just more BS as it presumes to know how the climate will change. Human do not control the climate and can barely affect the local weather.
    So these imports from places that are ‘economically-vulnerable’, or ‘socioeconomically vulnerable’ something humans can affect – greatly – are these import to the UK improving the lot of the exporting nations or not — THAT is the only part that matters — all else is just BS!

  17. Yawn. Another food scare. Amazingly, the only impact climate change has had so far on world food production is to increase it. But any day now, we’ll hit a tipping point; the models have confirmed it.

    • Which models are they? Are they those bony girls from the New York runways? or are they the somewhat athletic guys who flex their overpriced tee-shirt sleeves at us?

      Maybe what we need to do is become as skeptical as possible when something like this pops up and grab another box of strawberries (from Florida) and a box of raspberries (from Mexico) and a chilled can of mandarin oranges and make nice chilled fruit salad to go with a hearty soup lunch.

      Just trying to figure out how I”m supposed to react, or even IF I’m supposed to react. Would the authors of these pieces be upset and pout and stamp their feet if I don’t take them seriously? Just askin’. I like to be informed.

  18. In other words: “what we have here is good, don’t go looking for something different and if you find it, don’t buy it.”

    Rubbish.

    Which countries? How much is lost in transit? How much is lost in the fields? How is that taken into consideration into price? What about tariffs? How about the exchange rate? Where are those in this article…you know the properties of goods in a global market, not whether or not the farmer picked by hand or used a tractor.

  19. Several people beat me to it. Increasing the number of sources means there is far less chance of supply disruption and sudden, sharp price increases. This gang of poorly educated chumps need to be slapped until they either wake up or go away. Idiots.

    Disruption in supply and sharp, sudden rises in prices are mainly caused by GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE. Period. Full stop. Strip these government scumbags out of the process and problems will diminish. All problems.

  20. When I developed electronics for a Danish instrument factory, I was supposed to make sure that they could get the components from multiple sources all to much the same price.
    The margin for profit is slim. It is therefore paramount that you ensure multiple sources for the same product and it makes no difference whether we are talking 1N4007 or bananas.

  21. I wonder how many of these sources are actually places where greening has allowed new agricultural land to be developed, and are merely considered fragile because they were not previously developed. In other words, places where the real direction of travel is improvement. Not deterioration.

  22. But I guess economic thinking seems to have moved on from this view.

    Probably not.

    Looking at the first author’s list of skills, we get this:

    Epidemiological Analysis, Population Health, Nutrition, Environmental Health, Food Systems, Mathematical Modelling link

    Nothing about economics and nothing about risk analysis.

    If you’re sufficiently well educated, you can defend any position no matter how stupid it actually is.

    Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.

  23. We have seen lots of these food scare articles over the decades long history of the global warming/climate change scam. Can anyone here point to a single one that panned out?

    • Profit motive puts an end to shortages when means of production exist and government regulation against distribution do NOT exist.

  24. Least of our problems: the UK imports 40% of fruit and veg from the EU, mostly via Dover, in winter months.

    If you look there’s another LSE study showing why ports will jam up after Brexit (supported by what the UK National Audit and hauliers say)

    • LSE is the Fabian (aka Very left wing communist/socialists).
      Too many of them run too many parts of the UK. Fabians should be outlawed from any UK position of power as they are ant-national and VERY pro NWO.

    • You do know there is more than one port in your country, right? Got that memo, didn’t you? With the death of the EU’s strangle hold over England’s imports, exports and fishing the world will change, and you will sit in the mud and cry. Hopefully someone runs a lorry full of produce over you.

  25. I’m afraid Nature has completely jumped the shark on this. The data they provide does not support the conclusion they make. I would be interested to know what countries they claim are not ‘climate vulnerable’. Are their countries in the world that have never had floods or droughts? Bad crop years and good crop years? If Nature wants to retain any credibility at all they should retract the paper on the grounds that it cannot be supported by the available data.

    • Any decent meteorologist will tell you that it is those countries closer to the poles which are subject to the greatest climate change. That makes England itself one of the more vulnerable. The obvious conclusion to the drawn from the article is that England itself is not a good place to depend on as a food source.

  26. Come on folks! The UK should simplify its network of food sources and strive to become self-sufficient.

    They have the shining example of Ireland, which did this in the 1700s and 1800s. It worked out very well for them…

  27. The food supply chain is incredibly diversified. To keep any kind of root or shoot or fruit in stock year round means sourcing from plots of land from all hemispheres, latitudes and altitudes depending on what is in season and is being harvested for that 2 week period that it is available. Or a bit longer depending on its storage shelf life but these are limited to grains, root crops and the odd fruit crop like apples.

    For the record, I do not need to buy a $4 avocado in January. If a coffee crop fails somewhere, I can do without for a couple weeks until the next crop hits the market.

    Maybe people should not take their food for granted so much and be a little more knowledgeable about their food footprint. Better yet, be self reliant and get more of your food yourself if you are able. Foraging, hunting, fishing and gardening offer more than just low cost food. It is the means by which you can reconnect with nature, with friends and family, with God and reduce the pressure that you put on “the System”. Being more self reliant gives you a greater feeling of independence. Make you feel more self confdent and improves your happiness and well being.

  28. I’m sure the United States is one of the climate vulnerable countries. Here in Colorado in winter we sometimes have a problem getting lettuce trucked in and on store shelves without it suffering freeze damage. Fresh fruit and vegetables are most definitely frost vulnerable.

    • Well blame it on us evil truckers. I reckon the left did not like us truckers being characterized as “heroes” during COVID by those that apparently have not clue what a real hero is. So they had to fight back. I have watched the commercials. Nasty white truckers kidnapping girls and doing lots of bad things is the gist of it. First off you won’t find a more diverse group than truckers. Name an ethnicity or race and you’ll find some of them driving big rigs. One heck of a lot of women drivers also. Secondly truckers have been recruited by the authorities to help stop human trafficing and the sexual slavery and those programs have had a significant impact. By the very nature of the job we’re at the places that are hubs for such activities. I carry cards with me that have contact information to pass to a girl if I suspect she is in such a situation though I have never yet had the opportunity to do so, some of my buddies have and have made a difference.

      Here is a call to action from the American Trucking Association through the company I drive for:

      “The American Trucking Association has asked for our help. On November 17th, ABC is premiering a series called Big Sky (click here for trailer) wherein two sisters are kidnapped by a truck driver on a remote highway in Montana. This program portrays drivers, truck stops, and the trucking industry in a negative light.

      The American Trucking Association (ATA) sent a letter to ABC regarding the new series and their portrayal of our industry. If you feel as we do, please reach out to ABC and express your concern and ask that ABC include positive trucking commercials, and Truckers Against Trafficking PSA’s during the series run.

      Karey Burke
      President, ABC Entertainment
      3800 West Alameda Ave Suite B
      Burbank, CA 91505
      Karey.burke@abc.com

      David E. Kelley
      Producer, Big Sky
      Side Porch Productions, Inc.
      11766 Wilshire Blvd. Suite 900
      Los Angeles, CA 90025-6548

      Michaela Zukowski
      Entertainment ABC Big Sky
      3800 West Alameda Ave Suite B
      Burbank, CA 91505
      michaela.zukowski@abc.com

      Just another example of Hollywood trying to create or reinforce a negative stereotype of blue collar types.

  29. I recall a long time ago food shopping in the UK and all you could get was in-season fruit and veg. I think consumers have been spoilt for a long time.

  30. I am currently reading ‘Tonight We Die As Men’ by Ian Gardner and Roger Day. It is a detailed history of the 3rd Bn, 506th PIR (Parachute Infantry Regiment) of the 101st Abn. Div from formation through it’s actions on D-day until it returned to England after the invasion.
    The Battalion was posted at Ramsbury for it’s entire time in England including the time it returned. It includes many personal narratives.

    What caught my eye this evening concerning the topic under discussion was a picture of a Christmas Party organized by the Battalion for the local Children in 1943. The men started organizing and getting prepared long before the event.

    Here is Hank DiCarlo’s recollection:
    “I don’t remember who first broached the idea of having a Christmas Party. We started writing home, asking for candy, fruit, and trinkets to be sent to us. Officers got into the treat procurement mode, which helped immeasurably.

    The party was a smashing success, and hit of the day, outstripping the sweets and toys, was unquestionably the fresh oranges. The look on the children’s faces, as they bit into a citrus fruit for the first time, was worth all the effort.

    The cooks outdid themselves with cookies and cakes and every child present had a day to remember – an ant would have starved on the crumbs they left behind.”

  31. I always buy seasonal fruits and vegetables. My mother taught me this as a child. There are several advantages to buying food in due time: they are cheaper, they are of better quality, there is more choice. And to extend the life of seasonal fruits and vegetables, we use the freezer. But it is better to eat fresh products with minimal heat treatment, so they retain all the useful vitamins and minerals. Vegetarian and raw food diets are becoming more and more popular. I am not trying to popularize this lifestyle. But if you haven’t tried it, it’s worth a try.

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