Kivalina: A Case Study of How Media & Politics Mangle Objective Climate Science!

By Jim Steele

The town of Kivalina bordered by the Chukchi Sea to the left and a lagoon to the right. The lagoon side experiences the most erosion.

What appears to be more failed alarmist predictions, the BBC’s 2013 headlines read Alaskan Village Set to Disappear Under Water in A Decade. “Gone, forever. Remembered – if at all – as the birthplace of America’s first climate change refugees. ” (see Willis on “first refugees”) The assumed cause? “Temperature records show the Arctic region of Alaska is warming twice as fast as the rest of the United States. Retreating ice, slowly rising sea levels and increased coastal erosion have left three Inuit settlements facing imminent destruction.” Similarly, in 2017 Huffington Post wrote, “It is disappearing. Fast. As one of the most apparent and shocking examples of coastal erosion, Kivalina could be uninhabitable by 2025, all thanks to climate change.” The Guardian and Mother Jones wrote, “31 Alaskan communities face “imminent” existential threats from coastline erosion, flooding and other consequences of temperatures that are rising twice as quickly in the state as the global average.” Sadly, media outlets and politicians ignored the objective science, but the truth is still out there.

The real problem for Alaska’s native communities has been past governments’ mis-guided attempts to enforce “permanence” in an everchanging landscape. The “settlements facing imminent destruction” are not places native people had freely chosen to settle. With their survival on the line, indigenous people were intimately aware of Alaska’s everchanging environments long before the theory of CO2‑induced‑climate‑change would be proposed. And so, they chose to be semi-nomadic. Kivalina was a good seasonal hunting camp, but never hosted a permanent settlement. Nonetheless the US Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) made it permanent in 1905.

As reported by REVEAL, “The Inupiaq used to spend summers in tents along Kivalina’s beach. When winter set in, they’d move inland to hunt caribou for food. They were semi-nomadic but in 1905 the federal government built a school on the island. Parents were threatened with jail time or losing their kids all together if they didn’t send them to school.” Just 6 years after its creation, Kivalina’s schoolteacher Clinton Replogle warned in 1911, Kivalina should be relocated due to flooding from ocean storms.

Consider the way most barrier islands get formed. Kivalina island was formed from a loosely consolidated sand bar and maintained by ample sediments supplied by local rivers. Ocean waves push eroded sand and gravel back towards the coast where it accumulates into a sand bar in shallow waters. On the sand bar’s landward side, river currents erode the sand, maintaining a lagoon and the islands’ narrow width. Islands are then formed where miles-long sand bars are cut into pieces by coastal rivers seeking an outlet to the ocean. The Singauk Entrance (see below) is where the Wulik River flows past Kivalina into the Chukchi Sea and it exemplifies the island’s unstable dynamics. Some years Singauk Entrance is blocked by sand piled up by winter storm waves, but then re-opened later by river erosion. As Tribal Administrator Millie Hawley recently stated, Kivalina was always eroding. We’re on a small spit of land that has diminished in size over the last century.”

Barrier island formation also requires a shallow‑sloping ocean floor that minimizes the irretrievable loss of sand that might wash away into the deeper ocean. However, such shallow ocean floors also amplify wave heights of approaching storms. A barrier island’s ultimate height is determined by the amount of sediments dropped from a storm’s overtopping waves. Kivalina’s highest point is a mere 13 feet, and decades ago the high tide mark came within 1 to 2 feet of the town. But the storms of late summer and ice‑free fall can bring waves 10 feet or higher. No wonder the threat of storm surge flooding was so clear to Clinton Replogle. Indeed, geological surveys have now revealed flooding from waves that had overtopped Kivalina happened at least twice between1905 and 1990.

The island’s sands don’t hold fresh water. So, the town’s water tank must be fed by a 3-mile-long fire hose stretching from the Wulik River. Kivalina’s sewage system consists of individual “honey-buckets” emptied by each resident into two specified “bunkers”. Poor sanitation and overcrowding have always been a problem, causing an extremely high instance of communicable diseases in the City of Kivalina has. In 2021 it suffered a large outbreak of COVID.

With negatives outweighing positives and an annual threat of destruction by storm surge, Inupiaq residents initiated a study in 1994 to relocate, despite a decade of few large storms. Using photographs dating back to 1952, the study surprisingly found no conclusive proof of any erosion occurring on the ocean-side of the island. However, the study did reveal substantial erosion on Kivalina’s lagoon side by the Wulik and Kivalina Rivers. Still the researchers warned, “Although there is very limited information available, it is our opinion that it is only a matter of time until the right combination of natural events occur which will result in over-topping of the City. When this occurs, the wave action will result in damage to the structures and if ice is associated with the storm surge the consequences could be disastrous.”

Still Kivalina’s population grew from 188 to over 400 since 1970. Despite residents voting 5 times to relocate to safety in the past 3 decades, an airplane runway that brings needed supplies and a medical clinic operated by the non-profit Maniilaq Association remained an attraction. Additionally, funding for relocation was scant with an economy based primarily on subsistence harvesting of seals, walrus, whale, salmon, and caribou. Furthermore, state and federal governments offered little support. So, when government reports began blaming global warming, in 2011 the residents opted to file a lawsuit against the major oil companies arguing “Kivalina must be relocated due to global warming” and sought funds to cover an estimated cost of $95 million to $400 million. Although their lawsuit failed, Kivalina’s “David vs Goliath” lawsuit was championed by proponents of catastrophic climate change and opponents of Big Oil, thrusting previously little‑cared‑about Kivalina into the limelight as an icon of the “climate crisis”.

Ignored has been the forcing of the Inupiaq into a permanent settlement on a dynamically changing barrier island. That was the real problem. Similarly, the Bureau of Indian Affairs reprogrammed the seasonally migrating Yupik into residents of a permanent community. Worse, the BIA chose a Ninglick River location in the Yukon Delta to build their school and create the permanent village of Newtok. But river deltas are notoriously unstable (as New Orleans has painfully realized throughout its 300‑year existence). Newtok’s school was built in 1958, but the BIA’s environmental ignorance was again quickly exposed. By the 1980s the US Army Corp of Engineers was spending over a million dollars trying to prevent natural river erosion from destroying Newtok. Just 26 years after its creation, Newtok residents commissioned its first study for re-locating. Costs of Newtok’s ongoing relocation will exceed $100 million. Nonetheless, it’s remained easier to blame climate change, natural or human caused,  to cover for the government’s badly conceived “forced permanence”.

In 2005 the Guardian was hyping the United Nation’s outrageous failed prediction there would be “50 million environmental refugees by the end of the decade” and the plight of Kivalina was an opportunity to put a face on those imaginary “climate refugees”. If you tell a big lie often enough, the naïve will uncritically believe it. So like-minded media outlets formed “Climate Desk” to push more alarmism (affiliates are shown below). By 2019, the Guardian again amplified the climate hype telling their journalists to no longer refer to weather events as global warming or climate change. Instead, they should weaponize harsh weather as a “climate crisis” or “climate emergency”. Now an unholy alliance (between “if it bleeds it leads” media outlets, scientists from the “chicken little school of thought”, and politicians who use every crisis to gain political control) repeats daily that we are all threatened by an “existential climate crisis.” But for those of us who study the actual science, there is an army of objective climate scientists providing evidence that makes us doubt such climate fearmongering.

Climate Desk major affiliates

In 2013, Climate Desk’s Weather Channel wrote  The Sea is Slowly Swallowing Alaskan Towns stating” the cost of climate change is becoming a painful reality for towns in coastal Alaska, as rising sea levels overtake acres and acres of once-dry land. The threat appears immediate in Kivalina.” But objective science shows otherwise. As determined in the peer-reviewed paper Arctic Ocean Sea Level Record from the Complete Radar Altimetry Era: 1991–2018 , sea level across the Arctic varies because winds remove water from one region and pile it up in another. Along the Siberian-Russian coasts and the southern Chukchi Sea bordering Kivalina (green arrow), sea level has not risen, despite sea level strongly rising along the Beaufort Sea (red).

The government’s US Climate Tool Kit-Relocating Kivalina claimed a climate crisis writing, ”temperatures in the Arctic are rising at more than twice the rate of the global average, resulting in violent ocean storms, flooding, and erosion beneath the homes of Kivalina—impacts that have been traumatic to the barrier island’s Alaskan Inupiaq community.” But they didn’t inform the public of all the science involved. For example, many permanent homes, built on permafrost, were sinking into the ground because heating their homes also melted the foundational permafrost below.

Furthermore, it’s summer winds that push warmer Pacific waters through the Bering Strait and initiates sea ice melt and the warming in the frozen Chukchi Sea. During the last few decades, the amount of warm Pacific water passing through the Bering Strait has nearly doubled, melting more sea ice and expanding open waters. Nearly half of that intruding ocean heat gets released to the atmosphere, raising air temperatures. Although more open waters have also enhanced photosynthesis and increased Arctic marine food web by 30%, bewilderingly, the associated rise in temperature is trumpeted as a crisis. It’ true expanding open waters absorb more sunlight, and this feedback raises temperatures even higher, dubbed “Arctic Amplification”. It has indeed raised Arctic air temperatures twice as fast as those in the US lower 48 states. But that rise is misleadingly increasing the global average temperature and has been incorrectly blamed on CO2.  But most climate models now agree, it is intruding warm Pacific water pushing through the Bering Strait that forces Arctic Amplification.

Studies show the greatest Chukchi sea ice loss is associated with the 3 major pathways of the intruding warm water. The warmest pathway hugs the coast of western Alaska, affecting Kivalina as illustrated below by Itoh (2015). Importantly, it’s the volume of Bering Strait throughflow that determines the extent of annual open waters, and that throughflow volume is modulated by natural variations in atmospheric circulation. Using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s general circulation model, researchers determined inflows of warm water through the Bering Strait are controlled primarily by wind stress, with shifting winds explaining 90% or more of the changes. Other factors (precipitation, radiative fluxes [solar or greenhouse], water vapor, and air temperature) had negligible influence. Unfortunately, increased thinning and loss of sea ice has shortened the Inupiaq’s season for hunting seals and whales, forcing them to hunt and fish elsewhere.

The three major paths and temperatures of warmer Pacific water flowing through the Bering Strait into the Arctic. From Itoh 2015

The 2020 scientific study, Mechanisms Driving the Interannual Variability of the Bering Strait Throughflow detailed the causes of those changing winds. On the Arctic Ocean side of the Bering Strait, when the Beaufort High pressure system is stronger, winds transport ocean water offshore and lower sea level along the coast which allows greater Bering Strait throughflow. On the Pacific side of the strait, when the semi‑permanent Aleutian Low‑pressure system is located over the Aleutian Basin, winds pile up water along the eastern Bering Sea shelf. The resulting higher sea level pushes more warm water through the Bering Strait. Conversely, when the Aleutian Low shifts southward over the Gulf of Alaska northeasterly winds prevail, lowering sea level and weakening Bering Strait throughflow. Significantly, the  Aleutian Low is affected by natural El Nino events and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Several studies have shown that a switch to the negative PDO phase also causes the Aleutian Low to pump more warm air from the south into Alaska.

Changing winds and warm water inflows will increase open waters in the Chukchi Sea even during colder climates. Marine geologists examining Chukchi sediments have determined that over the past millennia, an ice‑free Chukchi Sea happened independently of global climate, with ice‑free conditions happening even during the recent Little Ice Age. Based on our current state of scientific knowledge, the changing conditions in the Arctic are best explained by naturally oscillating winds and ocean currents.

In 2015 the Obama/Biden administration sent U.S. Interior Secretary Sally Jewell to Kivalina who, without apologizing for Kivalina’s forced settlement, vowed to work on solutions for the climate‑threatened village. Repeating the Climate Desk “climate refugee” trope Jewell grandstanded her empathy,  “Hundreds of villagers in Kivalina face the terrible prospect of losing their land and homes to rising sea levels and coastal erosion, threatening their personal safety and putting them at risk of becoming climate change refugees within a decade”. But it was little more than political posturing.

Kivalina and Newtok don’t exemplify climate crises. Kivalina and Newtok are iconic examples of how the media and governments have ignored the injustices suffered by native peoples, then use their troubles only when it promotes their crises agenda. Kivalina and Newtok are clear examples of  government inappropriateness that  forced “permanence” on a native culture well adapted to an everchanging natural environment; an environment where regional climates are always changing. I suggest defunding the BIA for its horrible decisions and use the BIA’s 1.9‑billion‑dollar annual budget to safely relocate the people of Kivalina, Newtok and others to a place of their choosing.

Jim Steele is Director emeritus of San Francisco State University’s Sierra Nevada Field Campus, authored Landscapes and Cycles: An Environmentalist’s Journey to Climate Skepticism, and a member of the CO2 Coalition

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February 9, 2021 11:17 pm

Using that 2billion dollars to relocate these people will not solve the actual problem. We have to reinstate their right to roam. How this is to be done in a world where their hunting grounds have become private property held by miners, drillers and weekend farmers, remains to be seen.
One of the very few remaining San Bushman tribes are currently confined to one well-meaning guy’s farm, because they got kicked out of Botswana when the Rhodes paedophiles discovered diamonds there recently.
I bet the Innuit are also mostly degraded into dancing drunkards selling ‘traditional craft’ trinkets to rich tourists?
We have the technology to live around these people, they should not be forced to live amongst us. Where their malnutrition and exposure make them die of white man’s imaginary pandemics… You all do agree the flu is a consequence of a degenerate diet, yes? Or can someone show us that virus yet?

Reply to  paranoid goy
February 9, 2021 11:32 pm

Many indigenous peoples have integrated very well into a more static and secure modern society. We only hear about the less successful cases when it suits a political agenda. We never hear about the privations, suffering and inter tribal conflicts that they endured before that.

Reply to  Stephen Wilde
February 10, 2021 12:12 am

“…a more static and secure modern society.”
You mean the ones where Baal Gates decides what you think, eat, put into your bloodstream? You mean the ones where we forego mathematics for critical race theory? The one where we learn about consensual science and overpopulation? The one where six billion can die in one year, just by shutting down the banks?
I think maybe getting up in the dark of night to go look for prey might be less predictable, but is it less secure? As for static, well…
I’m no Luddite, but I have been amongst wild people in their habitat, and I think we need to leave them there, for the sake of the species. They can still evolve, RuPaul has nothing to offer for mankind’s survival, know what I mean?

saveenergy
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 12:59 am

“The one where six billion can die in one year, just by shutting down the banks”

WTF;

Reply to  saveenergy
February 10, 2021 2:55 am

You obviously think “western” society will survive without access to credit. Good for you, we need positive people in these uncertain times. Before 911, there was a practice run for planes crashing into NY city. Before covidiocy1984, there was a practice run for a world pandemic. Recently, there was a practice run for a “cyber attack” on the world financial system.
“Blessed be the man… with a cow and some bees…”

Sara
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 5:49 am

Paranoid, sweetie, NOT everyone is tied to credit. Some of us are smarter than that.

Reply to  Sara
February 10, 2021 7:32 am

Go tell that to the corporate logistics chain that brings you food, fuel, toiletpaper, bullets… Now consider the financial scams such large corporations run, leveraged leverage on a leveraged loan against an asset bought on a leveraged loan….

Clyde Spencer
Reply to  Sara
February 10, 2021 10:31 am

Sara,
He does have a point. Even if you yourself don’t rely on credit, your grocery store probably does. It won’t do you any good to show up at the grocery store with cash in hand if they don’t have anything to sell you.

Dave Fair
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 1:43 pm

Your paranoia is manifest.

stinkerp
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 2:46 am

How about you let them decide if they want to remain nomadic hunter-gatherer “wild people” eking out a bare subsistence from chasing animals for food, or be educated and adopt modern conveniences like homes that protect from the elements with reliable heat and reliable food supply chains? Given the choice, history has shown that comfort, safety, and convenience matter more than maintaining a nomadic lifestyle, though many manage to incorporate both, like those in Mongolia, the Sahara, Sub-Saharan Africa, Europe, Australia, and Northern Canada, typically in places where very few people live and own property.

Many nomads are herders, not hunters. The social problems of indigenous groups are not caused by Western or modern culture. Those were always there.

Last edited 19 days ago by stinkerp
Reply to  stinkerp
February 10, 2021 3:05 am

Yes, how about letting them decide, instead of having Them decide!
You do realise the UN Peacekeepers are all on traditional tribal grounds claimed by mining conglomerates, yes? When did the hunters decide to be called terrorists and rebels? All they wanted was to go hunting on the Royal Deer Forest of Rio Tinto or PHB Billiton, where grampa used to find his food. Or how about letting your cattle graze on Glencore’s land, or planting casava where Monsanto grows soy, or the millions of hectares occupied by the WWF in lieu of outstanding government debt?
Progress is wonderful, but it can be done without destroying entire cultures.
But I guess you are one of those wailing because the poor people in their shanty towns ahve to “gather roots from the forest” just to stay alive, and you insist Bill gates hurry up with his GMO seeds, that will “feed the world”.
You prabably cannot understand my argument, I do not blame you, you have never seen people starve right next to a 20 thousand acre sugarcane field protected by an army under contract to Cargill. They used to grow millet and cows there… now they get shot at.

Sara
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 7:04 am

You’re such a bitter little person, paranoid. What are YOU doing to help out those indigenous tribes?

I mean, seriously, my Scottish ancestors were chased off their own grazing lands by the English crown, not because they’d done anything wrong, but because the Redcoats could. And if you go to Scotland now, it’s mostly empty landscape.

Dave Fair
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 1:49 pm

You prabably [sic] cannot understand my argument,” is an understatement. Just lay out the bones of your argument in two sentences. Anything more is simply babbling.

Reply to  Dave Fair
February 10, 2021 10:05 pm

You couldn’t follow the original two sentences; got stuck correcting a typo instead. Good for you.

Dave Fair
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 11, 2021 1:20 pm

Again, babbling.

Ron Long
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 3:28 am

Paranoid goy, you don’t know what you are talking about. I worked with Inuit in Alaska and you characterization of them is not correct. Read the story, it’s about federal government telling a group they know what’s best for them and forcing it on them Very much like today

Reply to  Ron Long
February 10, 2021 7:16 am

I don’t understand what characterisation you are on about, glad you worked in an interesting place, no idea how, what, why you did (or didn’t do) any specific thing. That thing you call a federal government, is what we call in my part of the world The Mines. Private corporations who control government so well, you don’t even wonder why we send soldiers so far away to do what.
The principle remains the same; corporate claims on land that could safely be shared with indigious tribes, but instead we send them evangelists, pills and liquor, and if that does not drive them off the land urbanise them, we legislatebotomize them. Legibotomize? Legotomize? Ah! Law Enforcement! That thin blue line…

Sam
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 11:06 am

Read some history, I mean from the beginnings of human civilization, and you will discover that the change from the primitive to modern diet is at the root of human evolution.

Reply to  Sam
February 10, 2021 12:17 pm

…or was it burial practices, or religious conciousness, or housebuilding, or weaponry, or cosmology, or…
Everyone has a favourite theory. I will spend some thought on it as soon as you tell me how long ago, exactly, “…the beginnings of human civilization…” was.
My personal thoughts on the matter would probably have you call 911 on me. Suffice to say, climastrology is the latest attempt at “the true religion”.
And one day, we will dig up a dinosaur with his full set of wrenches and a spirit level. Just depends on whose history you build your world view… or not.

Tombstone Gabby
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 10, 2021 6:53 pm

Ref: “dancing drunkards “

https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-story-behind-some-Alaska-boroughs-prohibiting-alcohol-and-what-are-the-alcohol-related-felonies-that-people-can-be-charged-with?share=1

It begins:

Alaska Boroughs do not prohibit alcohol. Local villages and smaller areas do. Alaska law allows for 3 different kinds of status regarding the sale of alcohol: dry (no sale or even personal possession of alcohol); damp (limited personal possession allowed but no sales); and wet (possession and sale allowed). As far as reasons why they do, it is because alcohol is involved in an overwhelming amount of crime in Alaska.

and several more paragraphs.

(The author mentions that he was a Public Defender at one time.)

Several other Alaska sites mention a laminated photo ID in order to purchase alcohol.

If you’re at all interested, check American Indian Reservations for their rules, and the rules for Australian Aboriginals and drink. (The latter caused a number of upsets when some American GI’s were refused service in pubs in the 40’s – they were mistaken for Aborigines who had to have a government issued ‘card’. That ID was still required in the 1960’s. Today – I don’t know.)

Reply to  Tombstone Gabby
February 10, 2021 10:41 pm

“White man’s flu” I think it was called? .
Priests, liquor and money, the unholy trinity of cultural destruction. Saw a program about head shrinkers t’other day. It was fine until the tourists started buying them up as souvenirs, then contract murder on random strangers was “invented” almost overnight in a money-less society that never before raised a weapon against women.
Around these parts, I often have opportunity to cringe at ancient warrior dances corrupted for the purpose of earning a few casual coins. I find it very demeaning, but hell, the alternative is working two miles underground, prostitution or crime.
Our manufacturing went to China, our parastatals sold off and someone is sponsoring the systematic, Bolshevik-style “revolutionary” torture-murder of independent farmers, much like the Bolshies did in Russia, prompting the one and only Hitlerite expression of the term “Untermenschen”.
And the land is filling up with radioactive mine spoils… where you get shot for trespassing. Don’t you ever dare put a foot on the Royal Deer Forest!

Rhs
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 11, 2021 5:28 pm

Small pox and othe non native viruses killed more indigenous peoples than bullets priests and alcohol. That said, the viruses saved the bullets, priests and alcohol a bit level of effort.

Tombstone Gabby
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 11, 2021 7:32 pm

Darn, you had to bring up WW2 anti-Semitism. Nothing new. Try https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinrich_von_Treitschke where his 1879 paper is mentioned.

From “Dreadnought”, Robert K Massie 1991, page 797:

“Heinrich von Treitschke at the University of Berlin helped give respectability to German anti-Semitism.”

It existed well before the 20th century

(When I eat I read, and that was something I read at lunchtime today. Only about another 130 pages to go. Next up is “Little Masterpieces of Science”, Doubleday, Page & Company, edited by George Iles, copyright 1902. Should be interesting.)

Reply to  Tombstone Gabby
February 11, 2021 11:04 pm

I would take great exception to you accusing me of “bringing up anti-Semitism”, had I cared a toss for anti-Semitism. But please, explain to me how you got to anti-wahtsits, it may interest me to see how a Semititheist sees the world, help me to beter express myself.
Or are you suggesting that Bolshevism is a Semitic philosophy, and any criticism of Bolsh is anti-Semitic?
I do know that Bolshevism is greatly promoted by Jewish entities, but whereas the Jews are Semites, the Jew-ish are not, so I denounce your accusation on various grounds.
I do admit to throwing in the Untermenschen thing, just to tie cultural destruction to the Bolshevik agenda. Nearly every do-gooding idjit is a committed Bolshevik, like all climastrologists.

Tombstone Gabby
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 14, 2021 7:12 pm

Untermensch is a Nazi term for non-Aryan “inferior people” often referred to as “the masses from the East”, that is Jews, Roma, and Slavs. 



Reply to  Tombstone Gabby
February 15, 2021 12:15 am

No, it was a once-off referrence to the barbaric cruelty of the Bolsheviks torturing captives; women, children, old people, soldiers… It is a heavily-censored bit of history that repeats everywhere the Bolshevik International stage their goddamned Communist revolutions of blood and perversion. You will not find that term in any German dictionary or official Nazi document. Prove me wrong.
Stop perpetuating the Bolshevik lies, because they are still at it, and the article about Inuit forced to live where burocracy demands is a prime example of Bolsheviks destroying cultures as far as they can reach, see?
And now it is America’s turn, just look at the depravities Antifa (Anti-anti-Bolsheviks) are willing to visit upon civilians, with the support of the Bolshevik mass media and TwatFaceGram billionaires and their bought-and-paid-for politicians across the entire “politcal spectrum”.
If you want to see today’s version of the Untermensch mentality, research the tortures visited upon farmers in South Africa TODAY.
Effing Bolsh!

Tombstone Gabby
Reply to  paranoid goy
February 15, 2021 12:20 pm

You will not find that term in any German dictionary or official Nazi document. Prove me wrong.

From: DWDS Der deutsche wort schatz von 1600 bis haute. A German dictionary, looking at the .de of the URL below.

Untermensch, derGrammatik Substantiv (Maskulinum) · Genitiv Singular: Untermenschen · Nominativ Plural: UntermenschenAussprache Worttrennung Un-ter-menschWortzerlegung https://s.w.org/images/core/emoji/13.0.1/svg/2197.svgunter- https://s.w.org/images/core/emoji/13.0.1/svg/2197.svgMensch1
eWDG
Bedeutung
nazistisch vom deutschen Faschismus demagogisch gebrauchte, aus Rassenwahn geprägte, inhumane Bezeichnung für Menschen, die das Naziregime verfolgte und als minderwertig diskriminierte
Beispiel:
von eurem Dünkel, von dem sozialen Hoch und Niedrig bis zur Herrenrasse und Untermensch ist es nur ein halber Schritt [https://s.w.org/images/core/emoji/13.0.1/svg/2197.svg NollHolt2,249]

https://www.dwds.de/wb/Untermensch

I don’t speak or read German, you tell me what it says. I believe that ‘inhumane’ probably means what it looks like.

Last edited 13 days ago by Tombstone Gabby
February 9, 2021 11:27 pm

Our education systems no longer teach objective truth.

Rory Forbes
February 9, 2021 11:51 pm

Hundreds of villagers in Kivalina face the terrible prospect of losing their land and homes to rising sea levels …

That’s hardly possible. The Inuit were a nomadic people who “owned” all the land within the scope of their annual travels. They couldn’t possibly have lost it. Being a people intimately acquainted with all aspects of their territory, would never have become cornered by river erosion on an unstable sandbar. They would simply have moved when their “village” became threatened.

Traditionally, Kivalina was probably a convenient haul-out spot for their kayaks and umiaks … a good place to dry fish, butcher seals, whales and collect the rare driftwood used in building their boats, sleds and the frames for their dwellings. It’s a dead certainty they were aware of local conditions when they were forced to live there. No Inuit would have chosen such a location.

EdB
Reply to  Rory Forbes
February 10, 2021 10:38 am

Another reason is to avoid mosquitoes. An open gravel spit like that is certainly almost devoid of them, whereas on shore they are swarming.

Rory Forbes
Reply to  EdB
February 10, 2021 10:48 am

I think you’re probably right. Eskimos might have been primitive, but they were far from stupid. Like many subsistence, hunter gatherers nothing was wasted and no move unconsidered. In such an unforgiving, harsh climate their lives depended on getting things right … then along comes the White Man forcing them to alter everything.

February 10, 2021 12:07 am

Classic Transhumance.
But I wonder if the Russians in their summer Dachas consider themselves to be a semi-nomadic people?
The Norwegian Hytte? Let’s not go there, perhaps on second thoughts let’s do.

Last edited 19 days ago by Philip Mulholland
Rory Forbes
Reply to  Philip Mulholland
February 10, 2021 12:39 am

Except, the Inuit don’t fit the description of a transhumance population at all. They kept no livestock to move from pasture to pasture. They were nomadic, pure and simple and moved to enjoy the local flora and fauna in season. The entire Arctic was their home, a place where “climate change” has a period of millennia, not a mere 30 years.

Reply to  Rory Forbes
February 10, 2021 1:02 am

I prefer the Humpty Dumpty approach to terminology.

Last edited 19 days ago by Philip Mulholland
Ben Vorlich
Reply to  Philip Mulholland
February 10, 2021 2:29 am

In the Scottish Highlands these were Shielings. having been fattened up in high pastures unsuitable for anything other than summer grazing the cattle were taken to market by “Drovers” to Scottish towns like Falkirk or Crieff where they would sell on their cattle to others who moved them to places like the grazing areas of Northumberland or the Yorkshire Dales. This trade lasted about 200 years, before economic and de-population of the Highlands saw it decline. In the 1790s for example, the London meat market of Smithfield recorded 108,000 cattle arriving for slaughter and at least 80% of these came from Scotland.

February 10, 2021 12:51 am

Blakeney Point in Norfolk is my absolute favourite go to example for coastal erosion climate change processes.
p.s. The name Blakeney means Blake’s Island. In this context switch n to ‘s (traditional East Anglia usage of the possessive ‘n and not ‘s) and ey is an island, so we have Blake’s Island

stinkerp
February 10, 2021 2:25 am

Excellent post! These are the kinds of deeply researched and documented articles that I bookmark in my catalogue of evidence refuting the incorrect narratives preached by the mainstream media. Thank you!

Last edited 19 days ago by stinkerp
Climate believer
February 10, 2021 2:27 am

I can’t believe anybody would consider that a great place to live permanently.

Clyde Spencer
Reply to  Climate believer
February 10, 2021 10:40 am

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. When I was in Point Barrow, we had a native Weasel (tracked vehicle for driving on the pack ice) driver and I had spent several hours talking with him. He had been in the National Guard and down in the lower-48 states. He had seen trees and flowering bushes, and experienced water warm enough to swim in. However, he got homesick for the tundra and returned to Barrow.

Climate believer
Reply to  Clyde Spencer
February 10, 2021 11:57 am

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.”

Absolutely Clyde, I was just surprised by the idea of an Arctic sandbank being suitable for all year round habitation.

The Arctic winter darkness I would find hard to handle, these guys are made of tougher stuff, I mean it’s pretty bleak.

Kivalina winter.jpg
beng135
Reply to  Climate believer
February 11, 2021 8:41 am

Yeah, I’d agree. Not Alaska, but the constant bleak, gray, snowy skies here in the US central Appalachians wears on me. Where is the dang sun?

Last edited 18 days ago by beng135
Roger
February 10, 2021 3:23 am

A silly place to build a village when there is higher ground a few miles away. Although Sandbanks, Dorset is similar and littorally the most expensive place in the world.

Simon W Edge
Reply to  Roger
February 10, 2021 6:14 am

My theory is that is was the best place to live in the summer because of the bugs. On shore breezes would push away gnats, mosquitoes and black flies. Try camping or living on the high ground in the summer in the shelters that were available then.

Wade
February 10, 2021 5:19 am

Anybody who knows anything about barrier islands will instantly know the only constant on these islands is change. The islands are never static. Sometimes they grow, sometimes they shrink; sometimes they move toward a mainland, sometimes they move away; and sometimes a new island forms while another is disappearing.

One of the most famous barrier islands in the United States are found in North Carolina. Because of the history of English colonization, we have a long history of these barrier islands. Cape Hatteras lighthouse was built on a barrier island where two ocean currents meet. A few decades ago, the National Park Service had to move the entire lighthouse because the island was eroding quickly. But a few years ago I saw a story about a new barrier island forming quickly just south of Cape Hatteras. Further north is a Bodie Island lighthouse. When it was built, it was next to the ocean and on a small barrier island. Today it is good distance from the ocean and Bodie Island no longer exists.

Anybody who thinks what is happening to Kivalina Island is because of climate change should read about the hundreds of years of recorded history of the North Carolina barrier islands. You will quickly see how these islands can change, and quickly too.

Sara
February 10, 2021 5:47 am

From that older article by Willis: When each wave breaks, the top layer of sand is picked up and mixed throughout the turbulent white water. This constant lifting of tonnes of material helps absorb the wave energy.
But when you “hard armor” such a beach, you lose much of that. –article

Aha! That explains why the western shore of Lake Michi Gamu, which is (in reality) very ancient sand dunes, has to be “repaired and supported” by the Army Corps of Engineers on a recurring basis. If those beaches had been left alone instead of fiddled with, Chicago might not need repeated repairs to its lake front shores.

That explains a WEALTH of stuff I did not know about. Any kind of textbook I can get somewhere on this subject? Only asking, because my little house, west of Lake Michigan, sits on the very top of a very ancient dune left over from the last ice meltback and I’d like to be prepared if I have to move.

Thanks for that tip on shore erosion!!!!

Meab
Reply to  Sara
February 10, 2021 9:33 am

I’m no expert but I learned a lot from “Waves and Beaches” by Willard Bascom. It was written in 1964 and updated in 1980. Probably hard to find now.

Last edited 18 days ago by Meab
David Kamakaris
February 10, 2021 6:51 am

It doesn’t matter where you are in the world, Arctic, mid-latitudes, or tropics, barrier islands are the result of very dynamic geologic processes that will not cease just because humans decide to take up residence upon them. You’re just one big storm from losing everything. Not a matter of if, but when.

nailheadtom
February 10, 2021 7:15 am

Each location in Alaska has its own characteristics and they’re not all identical. However, there are problems with assuming a modern, techno culture in many of them. Much of bush Alaska is underlain with permafrost, frozen ground that only melts and refreezes at the surface annually, an active layer. The frozen ground under the active layer can be thousands of feet deep. Besides making effective foundations for structures expensive, the permafrost eliminates the possibility of water wells and sewage treatment. This means that people gather rain water or river water for domestic purposes and defecate in buckets that are then dumped on the edge of the village. For all practical purposes this severely limits the size and permanence of a community built on permafrost. It just doesn’t make any sense for a large village of natives to live in one spot permanently, something that wouldn’t have been considered just a short time ago.The federal government has built permanent school buildings, often in bad locations, to serve the local students. The people move to the area around the school and the problem is magnified.

gringojay
February 10, 2021 7:40 am

My detailed comment of 7 hours ago seems to have failed getting posted. Being busy will now merely re-post an unknown photographer’s image of 1939 Kivalina near the same Singauk water breach the original post shows. Back then the permanent structures were sparse & the sand bar fringe less eroded by sweeping water flowing back from the north.

92D3698E-A060-4B6B-9D48-19CE608C1404.jpeg
gringojay
Reply to  gringojay
February 10, 2021 8:01 am

Yonder year specifics of my lost post recapitulated about ecological “change” related to Kivalina.

In earlier epoch the Wulik river entered the Chukchi sea 3/4 mile south east of the current
location.

1838 Russian-American expedition leader Kashevarov described the Wulik river outlet & located it then being at the most southern part of the lagoon.

An abandoned river bank is 3/4 miles south east of the Kashevarov river’s current entry location.

gringojay
Reply to  gringojay
February 10, 2021 8:41 am

Kivalina is exposed to sea level, but there is a significant other factor to this exposure. Original post explains how southern water enters the Alaskan strait heading northward & I’ll add that there is a reaction of water sweeping back southward along coast. The US ArmyCorp of engineers determined that the force of surface water in that return current along the coast is greater than water heading north & this is what scoured Kivalina in the past.

Last edited 18 days ago by gringojay
February 10, 2021 7:49 am

  Dr Tim Ball – Historical Climatologist

http://www.generalistjournal.com

Book ‘The Deliberate Corruption of Climate Science’.

Book “Human Caused Global Warming”, ‘The Biggest Deception in History’.





https://www.technocracy.news/dr-tim-ball-on-climate-lies-wrapped-in-deception-smothered-with-delusion/

Giordano Milton
February 10, 2021 8:07 am

Climate science, COVID science, history, economics, political and social science…

It really doesn’t matter which field of knowledge and thought you reference, objectivity has taken a back seat to the narrative, for the sake of political power grabs.

This does not portend well for the US, or for western civilization in general. Here, we often discuss the characteristic of the bark on a tree (detail), but the entire forest of scientific method is being incinerated.

beng135
February 10, 2021 8:27 am

Glad it hasn’t disappeared, but have to wonder about the intelligence of placing a “permanent” village on that spot. The earliest European settlers to America knew very well to go inland from the barrier islands & find sheltered spots away from the open ocean to build their settlements.

Last edited 19 days ago by beng135
Clyde Spencer
Reply to  beng135
February 10, 2021 10:46 am

One doesn’t have to have a high IQ to be a government bureaucrat.

Jeff Alberts
Reply to  beng135
February 10, 2021 9:05 pm

The earliest European settlers to America knew very well to go inland from the barrier islands & find sheltered spots away from the open ocean to build their settlements.”

Jamestown wasn’t far enough inland.

February 10, 2021 8:30 am

An irony is, that it is impossible to live there without extensive use of fossil fuels.. and I imagine very few, even the older nostalgic romantics of their culture, amongst the local population, would be willing to live in their old ways.

TonyG
February 10, 2021 10:14 am

Yet another example of how “climate change” has become a convenient excuse for failed government policies.

Clyde Spencer
February 10, 2021 10:27 am

Jim,

Once again, a well-written contrarian-view of reality, based on actual facts instead of pre-conceived ideologies.

Thank you.

EJW
February 10, 2021 11:27 am

Interesting to compare the photo from the referenced articles of 2013 at the end of this article with the current picture. The natural erosion processes just in eight years.

Retired_Engineer_Jim
February 10, 2021 12:30 pm

“… theory of CO2‑induced‑climate‑change …” Can we please stop allowing the language to be hijacked by the proponents aof CAGW / CCC? It is, at best, an hypothesis.

February 10, 2021 1:35 pm

In 2018 the MSM was whining about Newtok, Alaska – conflating river erosion with sea level. The Newtok nonsense is fully debunked here: http://appinsys.com/GlobalWarming/Newtok.htm

Gunga Din
February 10, 2021 3:31 pm

The Inupiaq used to spend summers in tents along Kivalina’s beach. When winter set in, they’d move inland to hunt caribou for food. They were semi-nomadic but in 1905 the federal government built a school on the island. Parents were threatened with jail time or losing their kids all together if they didn’t send them to school.” Just 6 years after its creation, Kivalina’s schoolteacher Clinton Replogle warned in 1911, Kivalina should be relocated due to flooding from ocean storms.

OK. Their problem was Man Made. But it has nothing to do with Man’s CO2 or “Climate Change”.

PS Did the Government prevent or forbid any of their decedents from moving to the mainland?

Giordano Milton
February 10, 2021 4:11 pm

Climate change claims and American insanity seem to be pretty well correlated.

But I wouldn’t claim a cause-effect relationship

James F. Evans
February 11, 2021 12:22 pm

Mixing politics and “science” is dangerous.

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