Guest essay by Larry Hamlin
Singapore is an independent city/state republic located on the coast of the Straights of Singapore between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea at the southern most tip of the Malay Peninsula.
The Republic was created in 1965 and since then has undergone at times a tumultuous but more recently a significant and spectacular economic, land development, educational, residential, commercial and industrial business evolution.
This evolution has been made possible by the massive and successful efforts to increase its available land by reclaiming these lands from the sea and powered by increased fossil fuel energy driven economic development.
Singapore’s highly successful economic and energy evolution has predominately occurred during the same time period as the global climate alarmism propaganda campaign shenanigans which have been underway over the last 30 years.
Today Singapore has a population of about 5.6 million people the majority of which are of Chinese descent who enjoy a vibrant and growing economy that is focused on further development of reclaimed land from the sea with still further economic benefits being derived from these lands.
Singapore’s land development growth through reclaiming land from the sea has increased the area of the city/state by about 25% or some 34,000 acres with plans underway for yet an additional land growth of 13,850 acres by the year 2030.
The graph below shows the reclaimed land achieved thus far colored in pink and the additional land under reclamation actions colored in red.
Additionally Landsat 5 satellite comparison photos shown below clearly document the extensive growth in Singapore’s land area as seen from 1989 (left side photos) through 2017 (right side photos) during this about 30 year period.
The growth of the industrial and manufacturing center created on the reclaimed land island of Jurong (photos center area) and the expanded and new harbor facilities (photos left side area) are clearly shown in the comparison photos below.
The creation of the huge Changi International Airport complex (photos right side area) on reclaimed land is presented in the photos below.
Singapore’s huge land reclamation development projects from the sea have largely occurred during a time period where climate alarmist propaganda proclaimed that coastal sea level rise is accelerating based upon speculation and conjecture derived through the use of unproven computer models.
Singapore has two established long time period tide gauge measurement locations with the longest record going back to 1970. These tide gauge data measurements are shown below.
These tide gauge measurement data reflect no coastal sea level rise acceleration and show a steady rate of coastal sea level rise of between about 8 to 12 inches per century at these locations.
Singapore’s reclaimed land development criteria require that these lands need to be brought to an elevation base height of between 1.25 to 2.25 meters above the highest measured tides at these development locations.
Obviously Singapore’s planners don’t have much confidence in the California Coastal Commissions scientifically unsupported climate alarmist speculation of a 10 foot sea level rise (3 meters) by the year 2100 here in California.
These reclaimed lands have undergone many tens of billions of dollars in new development which include new industrial and manufacturing facilitates, a major new international airport, new multistory housing apartment complexes, commercial and industrial harbor expansion and new hotels, office buildings, shopping centers, etc.
One of the most spectacular of these new developments is the Marian Bay area near the city center at the mouth of the Singapore River Basin shown in the photos below which include the giant Singapore Flyer observation wheel, the huge 57 story, three tower, platform topped Marina Bay Sands Hotel hovering over this development area along with hundreds of acres of park lands (Gardens by the Bay) with canopy covered glass domes and Supertree Groves that are spectacularly lighted in the evenings.
Powering this evolution has been the dramatic increased use of fossil fuels primarily petroleum products and natural gas imported from neighboring Indonesia and Malaysia.
Singapore has been increasing its primary energy consumption over the decade between 2006 and 2016 at an annual rate of 4.9% per year with 99.7% of this energy from fossil fuels.
Singapore’s electricity use is growing at about a 2.7% per year rate and is derived 97% from fossil fuels with natural gas being the primary fuel which is used in Cogeneration plants, CCGT’s, steam turbine and peaking power plants.
Singapore has more than 2,100 solar PV facilities located across its territory that provide 0.8% of its electricity capacity and 0.2% of its electrical energy.
Singapore has increased its yearly CO2 emissions in the period from 2006 to 2016 at an annual rate of 4.5% per year.
Since 2007 Singapore CO2 emissions have climbed from 151.4 million metric tons per year to 226.7 million metric tons per year an increase of 75.3 million metric tons per year which is about 1.4 times greater than California’s government mandated CO2 emissions reduction target that Californians have paid many billions of dollars to achieve.
It is refreshing to see the government of Singapore focused on addressing the primary issues that most challenge our world today which deal with fighting poverty and improving the education and health care opportunities for its peoples instead of wasting massive resources on politically contrived climate alarmism propaganda schemes which not only fail to address these important issues but instead further aggravate them.