The latest medical malpractice: blaming “climate change” for heart attacks

From the AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY and the “anything goes with climate change” department comes this absurd study. What the researchers seem to fail to realize is that just stepping outside from a heated house to the typical outdoor temperatures of any American winter are far more extreme than the 1 degree of climate change we’ve witnessed. In fact, snow shoveling is a major cause of heart attack.

Sudden exertion activities in cold weather can trigger a heart attack or sudden cardiac death. … Shoveling, even pushing a heavy snow blower, can cause sudden increase in blood pressure and heart rate, and the cold air can cause constriction of the blood vessel and decrease oxygen to the heart. – MetroHealth

Of course, they’ll try to tell you that more snow and less snow are signs of climate change too. And then there’s that famous chestnut “snowfalls are now just a thing of the past“. Since that hasn’t happened, now they just go straight for the temperature differential and skip the heart attack snow shoveling risk factor correlation. Although the study isn’t released yet (but this PR fluff is) I can’ say for sure, but it looks like they don’t consider activity during the heart attack at all; then there’s the location of the study, only in Michigan, where lake effect enhanced snowfalls are a common occurrence. The climate change correlation seems pretty darn thin.

Full disclosure, lest anyone accuse me of being insensitive, my father died in the winter of 1969, while walking from a heated car to a dance hall, doctors then said the cold then warm transitions were a trigger factor.

Heart attacks often follow dramatic changes in outdoor temperature

Findings suggest climate change may increase heart attack risk

WASHINGTON (March 1, 2018) — Large day-to-day swings in temperature were associated with significantly more heart attacks in a study being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 67th Annual Scientific Session. Given that some climate models link extreme weather events with global warming, the new findings suggest climate change could, in turn, lead to an uptick in the occurrence of heart attacks, researchers said.

“Global warming is expected to cause extreme weather events, which may, in turn, result in large day-to-day fluctuations in temperature,” said Hedvig Andersson, MD, a cardiology researcher at the University of Michigan and the study’s lead author.

“Our study suggests that such fluctuations in outdoor temperature could potentially lead to an increased number of heart attacks and affect global cardiac health in the future.”

There is a large body of evidence showing that outdoor temperature affects the rate of heart attacks, with cold weather bringing the highest risk, but most previous studies have focused on overall daily temperatures. This new study is among the first to examine associations with sudden temperature changes.

“While the body has effective systems for responding to changes in temperature, it might be that more rapid and extreme fluctuations create more stress on those systems, which could contribute to health problems,” Andersson said, noting that the underlying mechanism for this association remains unknown.

Along with an overall warming trend, climate change is projected to lead to more extreme events, such as heat waves and cold snaps, depending on where someone lives, the researchers explained.

The research is based on data from more than 30,000 patients treated at 45 Michigan hospitals between 2010-2016. All patients had received percutaneous coronary intervention, a procedure used to open clogged arteries, after being diagnosed with ST-elevated myocardial infarction, the most serious form of heart attack.

The researchers calculated the temperature fluctuation preceding each heart attack based on weather records for the hospital’s ZIP code. Daily temperature fluctuation was defined as the difference between the highest and lowest temperature recorded on the day of the heart attack.

Overall, the results showed the risk of a heart attack increased by about 5 percent for every five-degree jump in temperature differential, in degrees Celsius (9 degrees Fahrenheit). Swings of more than 25 degrees Celsius (45 degrees Fahrenheit) were associated with a greater increase in heart attack rates compared to a smaller increase with temperature swings of 10 to 25 degrees Celsius (18-45 degrees Fahrenheit). The effect was more pronounced on days with a higher average temperature; in other words, a sudden temperature swing seemed to have a greater impact on warmer days.

At the far end of the spectrum, on a hot summer day, nearly twice as many heart attacks were predicted on days with a temperature fluctuation of 35-40 degrees Celsius (63-72 degrees Fahrenheit) than on days with no fluctuation.

“Generally, we think of heart attack risk factors as those that apply to individual patients and we have, consequently, identified lifestyle changes or medications to modify them. Population-level risk factors need a similar approach,” said Hitinder Gurm, MD, professor of medicine and associate chief clinical officer at Michigan Medicine and the study’s senior author.

“Temperature fluctuations are common and [often] predictable. More research is needed to better understand the underlying mechanisms for how temperature fluctuations increase the risk of heart attacks, which would allow us to perhaps devise a successful prevention approach.”

In their analysis, the researchers adjusted for precipitation totals, day of the week and seasonal trends to isolate the effects of daily temperature fluctuations from other potential environmental factors.

Gurm cautioned that the association does not necessarily prove that sudden temperature swings are the cause of the increase in heart attacks; other factors may have contributed to the results. He noted that it remains important to focus on modifiable cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Andersson will present the study, “Daily Temperature Fluctuations and Myocardial Infarction: Implications of Global Warming on Cardiac Health,” on Saturday, March 10 at 3:45 p.m. ET in Poster Hall A/B.



98 thoughts on “The latest medical malpractice: blaming “climate change” for heart attacks

  1. That scraping sound that you can hear now is coming from the bottom of the barrel that the “Global Warmistas’ have now finally reached.

    • You would think so – and then they find a deeper place. Just like they always find a new “adjustment” when their predictions don’t pan out.

      Not that this is anything new; it has been going on since the first successful shaman convinced his tribe that they needed to give him the best parts of the antelope, to avoid being struck dead by the Great Lightning God.

    • @ Author (note, I’m not giving any credence to the study — have not read it yet)

      However, the temp swings are the reverse of going outside.

      Yesterday, there was a 38 degree swing from 8 am to noon (32 to 70 F ) where I live..

      On Feb 9 It swung from 29 to 70 F.

      There is something to be said about the physical discomfort of being dressed for 29 degrees and then it becomes 70, in a few hours.

      • “There is something to be said about the physical discomfort of being dressed for 29 degrees and then it becomes 70, in a few hours.”

        That’s not all that unusual at moderate altitudes — say 2500meters (8000 ft more or less) in Summer. And how many Winter Sports enthusiasts or folks that work outdoors keel over dead when they come in from outside (maybe 15F=-10C) for lunch in a cafeteria of restaurant at (68F=20C)?

      • I haven’t read it either but I would like to see comparisons for heart attacks when the temp goes from 70 to 32 and from 32 to 70. As a patient with CAD myself I know that 70 is comfortable, 32 often brings on angina especially going from a 70 house to a 32 outdoors unless properly dressed. I suspect there are many more studies to be done here – keep sending that grant money.

      • That is why man created the “Removable Coat”
        You can put it on and go outside when it’s 32F and take it off when it gets up to 65F

      • @ don its about the exertion – Duh

        Was out lining sports fields at 0800 — by 1000 it was 25 degrees warmer — it creeps up on you — unhealthy persons would be at risk

        None of what I am saying means I agree with Anthropogenic Global Warming — I don’t I think it’s rubbish, and the actual data that isn’t perturbed by UHI shows a cooling trend in North America.

        However, just because the initial premise may be faulty, if data shows things of interest there is no reason to discount it.

        Perhaps the article should say “If you are overweight and sedentary, look at the weather forecast before you go outside and engage in physical exertion”

    • Once they destroy our electricity supply and ban central heating and A/C as well as wood-burning (a la Calif.), our indoors will be ambient temperature and this reputed cause of heart attacks will be a thing of the past.

      Dying of hypothermia will replace it.

      One of my neighbors in the 1970s died of hypothermia, with a quarter million in silver hidden back behind her furnace; a true miser she was.

    • “Global Warmistas”, or, as I sometimes write, “Climate Alarmistas”, have another place where that scraping sound emanates — largely empty heads, echoing the workings of a single brain cell trying to perform the simplest act of reasoning. This could easily cause a stroke, and so they someone will probably now link thinking about climate change to increased risk of fatal strokes.

  2. Anthony,

    “Along with an overall warming trend, climate change is projected to lead to more extreme events, such as heat waves and cold snaps, depending on where someone lives, the researchers explained.”

    Right. Simples. Thje more energy you out into a system, the more extreme (and in the worst cases, radical) it will become. It’s only a little something called the Sixth Law of Thermodynamics. Do keep up, people.

    Even taken a pizza out of the fridge and nuked it in your microwave? (Well, OK, most microwaves aren’t based on nuclear energy these days, it’s more of a figure of speech.)

    What happens as the pizza undergoes an “overall warming trend”?

    That’s right: most of it gets hotter, while some bits parts start to freeze.

    I’m sure we’ve all experienced this.

    • Joking aside, bravo for fisking this piffle, Anthony. Someone had to. In case you think it’s a thankless sacrifice: thank you.

      Next time someone asks, “Would you get bowel surgery from a plumber? Would you get your heart risk information from a cardiology researcher at the University of Michigan, or from a retired TV weatherman?” I’ll have to answer with a question of my own:

      “That depends—are you talking about Hedvig Andersson and Anthony Watts? In which case, I’d be more inclined to listen to the latter, thanks ever so much for asking.”

      Our onetime Australian of the Year, the psychiatrist Prof. Patrick McGorry, wasted his acceptance speech droning on about how CAGW is a mental health issue and mental health is a CAGW issue.

      Which is true, I guess, but not in the way he meant.

      • Yes every piece of medical research by doctors ever on every subject has always been true.And every diagnosis given by every doctor has always been accurate. Never doubt that because otherwise you are saying you would like a plumber to do surgery.

      • Patrick,

        As everybody believes, the accumulation of wealth in capitalist economies exacerbates extremes: it makes the rich richer, and the poor poorer.

        Likewise, we all believe that the heating of our planet also exacerbates extremes: it makes the warm warmer and the cold colder. That’s why denihilists who run around using a record cold winter to “disprove” science are in fact just “proving” science! LOL! Everyone accepts this!

        Although science can be easily understood as an analogue to economics—which is so easy to understand, you don’t need to understand anything about it to understand it—non-intellectuals like you often struggle to accept some of its counterintuitive implications.

        It may seem like pure nonsense—to you, because you don’t believe it—but you’ll just have to believe it.

        Climate science isn’t called ‘the dismal science’ for nothing!

      • “Brad Keyes March 5, 2018 at 1:14 am”

        I was wrong. You don’t talk nonsense, you talk utter drivel.

      • Patrick MJD

        “You talk utter drivel”

        ??? Did you mean “You utter drivel,” or something like that?

        Anyway congratulations on ignoring JoshKnight’s disingenuous “warning”:

        (I think he’s a facetioust, Patrick ; )

        Josh is clearly being flippant, sarcastic, ironic, unserious and tongue in cheek. Unfortunately most people fall for his deadpan delivery. Only the top decile of readers grasp that Josh is just pulling their leg.

      • That’s only human. We all hope the science is a joke, Mark, from time to time. It would be a planetary reprieve from certain death by carbon. It’s hard to process the magnitude of the upcoming apocalypse, so we retreat into wishful thinking. We dismiss real science sites as ‘hilarious’ parody blogs and pretend our little echo chamber here is a real science site. It’s easier than facing the non-funny truth.

      • I read your doppleganger post. Let’s see if you have the courage to post my comment unmoderated regarding your un academic abuses of logic.

        You are a petulant child in an adults body and it is clear from your emotional maturity

      • honestliberty,

        Of course I published your comment—and I’m happy to un-publish it if you’re “embarrassed”, although, as Anthony points out, you’re far from alone in missing my Aussie sense of humor, so there’s no need to be embarrassed. I never censor comments critical of “my” arguments, because (as in your case) they often make valid points about the logic of the post, regardless of whether they’re based on the mistaken assumption that I wrote it with a straight face. So cheer up :-)

    • Brad if you’re joking you should use a smiley face or /sarc, just so we know your intent.

      • Brad takes the position that if you aren’t smart enough to pick up on his sarcasm, that’s your problem.

        On the other hand back in the dark ages when I took speech and composition, I was taught that the responsibility for ensuring accurate communication was on the part of the speaker.

      • The difficulty with blogs, Twitter, etc is that it doesn’t convey the non-verbal cues. A friend of mine, while he was pursuing his Masters, passed along the tidbit from his communications prof that some 85% of communication is non-verbal. Hence, the use of /sarc or emoticons or some such to establish the mood of the writer.

  3. Sorry but this is an absolute and intolerable nonsense. Rddhese guys should lose their funding.
    By the way, once I found 8 mistakes in the first page only of “perspectives” article in New England journal of medicine ( perspectives articles do not go through peer review process). Harvard medical school has whole “climate change department ” – they should be defunded too. Pull money from those clowns- we would get enough to pay for Medicaid expansion in Iowa
    Disclosure: I am an internal medicine physician

    • Hi Dr Abayev,

      ” Disclosure: I am an internal medicine physician”

      I never understood what that profession entails. Am I right to think it makes you an internist (as distinct from an intern)?

      What’s an external medicine physician: a dermatologist?

    • Repeat after me “Correlation does not imply cause” … at least one person in the report had the sense to point it out.

      Gurm cautioned that the association does not necessarily prove that sudden temperature swings are the cause of the increase in heart attacks; other factors may have contributed to the results.

      Without a study of what are the behaviour changes this sort of report is worthless garbage.

  4. Lessee… what is the description of the study group? …”The research is based on data from more than 30,000 patients treated at 45 Michigan hospitals between 2010-2016. All patients had received percutaneous coronary intervention, a procedure used to open clogged arteries, after being diagnosed with ST-elevated myocardial infarction, the most serious form of heart attack.”

    The “percutaneous” ( through the skin) procedure is 1 of two things… balloon angioplasty WITH or WITHOUT stents. These are done when patients have coronary arterial blockage, due to arterial plaque… heart disease. This cohort had plaque accumulation,

    What we do not see here is the population of people who DID NOT have the plaque, but endured the temp changes of the same weather as those that did, and ‘kept on truckin’.

    I’d be very interested to see the age distribution of the cohort, and the % of the total population of same age that did not infarct. Perhaps some location and career info would be usable, too, to determine corelations with sedentary, post-retirement lifestyles.

    And, perhaps, the infarct mortality… the people that did not make it to the angioplasty suite in time.

    BTW, I went to this convention many years ago, and gave a ‘Poster’ session. Only so much you can do on 4’x8′ posterboard.

    • ‘I’d be very interested to see the age distribution of the cohort, and the % of the total population of same age that did not infarct. Perhaps some location and career info would be usable, too, to determine correlations with sedentary, post-retirement lifestyles.’
      Good point, it could be that the cohort they are studying themselves aged between 2010 and 2016 getting sicker due to obesity or other lifestyle changes.
      Its hard to see how they collected data on cold snaps and changes in temperature differences.
      Perhaps the recession the US had at that time meant this cohort could not afford to put on airconditioning.
      So the consequences measured have an economic, poverty, component.

    • Before his bypass surgery, my dad was informed that he had suffered at least one “silent” heart attack, as evidenced by areas of heart tissue with signs of damage from oxygen starvation.

      Wonder how many of those who kept on truckin had silent heart attacks.

    • Contributed to in no small part by government nutritional recommendations, which stuffed a generation full of unnecessary starches, leading to the Type 2 diabetes “epidemic” we have today.

  5. Even Nick will have trouble not criticizing this study. or will he miss an opportunity to miss an opportunity.

  6. Do you ever REALLY let in what a bleeping idiot you are for trying to meet deliberately-designed, military-grade insanity with any sort of coherent counter-argument?

    Almost every day I walk away from interacting with others and think to myself, “Wow, I am a total moron. I bite at stupidity-on-11, yet never learn.”

  7. Real cause of heart attacks and almost everything else with links to evidence.
    A path from prebirth to old age to stop physical and mental disability against the economics of offing us.
    Here is the path showing how Mercury Enhanced by Vaccinations, Amalgams and Roundup as the main source of ALL chronic “diseases” and cancers
    Following up on the research below will lead to the primary catalyst leading to this suicide and mental and physical health epidemic. A simple experiment would be to be to supply two or three Brazil nuts (selenium) per day to each member of the most effected reserves (Grassie Narrows). Mercury compromises your bodies self healing and self repairing function as well as corroding your electrical control system.
    The Information below shows how every body in health (CMA, CDA AMA, ADA, CDC, FDA) , Politics, Pharma, Law, Media, Cable-Phone-Internet, Insurance, Seed and chemicals, workman’s compensation, as having a clear and obvious conflict of interest in regards to the continued financial, physical and mental health and productive lifespan of every one and especially the poor and aboriginal population.
    The info here could be easily used to set up a DIY healthcare system. No Pharma needed.
    WakeUp. We are All Being Gamed. THIS SHOWS THE CONNECTION BETWEEN MERCURY AND MAGNESIUM SELENIUM ETC DEPLETIONS. Maiming and bankruptcy and finally death by mercury. The most likely source of all chronic illnesses.
    How pharma is shortening everyone’s productive life including the brain washed allopathic doctors instituting the Rockefeller business plan even against themselves and they do not even know it.
    References: Corbett Report No 310 Replacement of 4yr Diagnostic Training with pharma recipe treatments around 1923 US presidential election by Rockefeller agreeing to finance medical school “research”. This has made it financially impossible to research and publish any prevention or cure from the past that did not have the financial backing of a patent. This is treat forever never prevent or cure Allopathy. Also “medical privacy” since 1998 has short circuited any real research on prevention or cure that would affect the pharma profit juggernaut.
    The allopathic medical profession are so blinded they do not look at or understand the horrible effect their “treatments” have on their own and everyone they treat effecting further disabilities, suicide and death rates. Wake up.
    EXPOSING THE MERCURY SECRET that is financing the Unhealthy Care System called allopathic health malpractice system.
    Mercury poisoning ( likely methyl or ethyl ) is directly related to high blood pressure, vaccine related polio, stroke, cancers and at least 222 medline abstracts showing medical conditions (physical, mental, electrical control and chemical) related to magnesium depletion. (see medline or greenmedinfo )
    Part of complaint of medical malpractice to be registered with CMA CDA and Manitoba Health

    Refusal of 5 MB doctors to Recognize tox screen and multiple symptom of mercury poisoning since birth in 1942. Prescribing BP meds (Coversil) known to cause strokes.
    Mercury buildup in ones soft tissues as one ages (often because of amalgams, inland fish, and vaccines) seeps into ones system via detox which depletes and/or binds magnesium, selenium, etc. In addition we have a double jeopardy from Glyphosate. Because of the effect of this on your immune system you are susceptible to EVERTHING treated but NEVER prevented or cured by the profiteering Allopathic medical system. A simple explanation to be fully investigated.
    ELABORATION. I have gathered 200+gig searchable database.
    The business model of the pharma run allopathic medical system is set up to lead you to extended disability, bankruptcy and early death by treating symptoms until death.
    This benefits banks and insurance companies (by keeping the death rate high and predictable and minimizing pension payouts) , politics (by minimizing CPP and OAP payouts and maximizing party contributions) , MSM (advertising support.) , medicine (continued stream of returning customers and income), dentistry (continued stream of returning customers and income by covering up danger of mercury amalgams and resultant cavitation’s producing methyl mercury) and pharma (Continued profiteering from sale of prescriptions ,vaccinations and chemotherapies.).
    This treat but never cure or prevent model operates by never looking for the basic cause or causes preventing your immune system from doing its self repairing function. Mercury buildup in ones soft tissues reaches a point of saturation and your body reacts by detoxing and recirculating. Which makes Mercury the prime disabler of ones immune system and catalyst for almost all medical costs and all disabilities and life shortening conditions.
    1) Deteriorates your selenium (selenium used in early transisters and diodes) based nerve electrical connections (paralytic momentary collapse often misnamed as stroke or PSP)
    2) Depletes magnesium etc. required for muscle control and calcium removal (for muscle relaxation after calcium retraction ) as well as immune system function. Check Medline for multiple consequences of magnesium depletion. (I have 222 references to 222 different medical conditions and cancers).
    The resulting mass slow extermination of the older population (agenda 21) benefits pension funds especially OAP.
    Especially susceptible to early sickness and death before age 65 are the poor and my fellow aboriginal population. Example: Grassie Narrows
    The “death rates” for people in the U.S. older than 50 have “improved”(increased?) by one percent per year since 1950 on average. The long-term trend increased up to two percent in the years from 2000 to 2009 before stalling; the death rates only improved by about half a percent each year from 2010 to 2014. The life expectancy for 65-year-olds rose by a meager four months in the years from 2010 and 2015, which is half of the improvement noted in the years from 2005 to 2010. Moreover, the American death rate actually increased in 2015, and the death rate worsened for those over 65 in the first reversal for Americans of retirement age to be seen since 1999. Do you see the meaning is fudged by separating/mixing two death rate (one for birth to death and one for over 62). Presented to a math and English comprehension deficient population.
    . Let me add in the 2000 US Census 18% of the population didn’t make it to 50 and 40% never made it to 62 and the median age of death if you made it to 62 was 75. See line below to see how data selected to make thing appear less worse.
    In 2010 the median age of death was 62 13 years less than the 75 in 2000
    Where are the detailed Canadian figures (Or do the provinces even gather and publish them anymore? (Ref; Ontario -cost cutting after 3 mile island incident- laid off all statisticians collecting health care records (see Harrowsmith Magazine article) .
    I may be contacted at 204-981-3732 ll cell /text
    tharnden at mymts dot net
    And have almost all references in my research database available in digital form (docx or pdf) with links. Text me with email address I can send to

  8. climate change is projected to lead to more extreme events, such as heat waves and cold snaps

    I’m not sure what “climate change” they mean. Maybe they mean global warming.
    And why is it always a “heat wave” and not a heat snap?
    Or perhaps a cold wave rather than a cold snap.
    I’ve experienced all of these before climate change/ global warming were issues.

    I wonder if they have ever experienced Chinooks or other föhn winds?
    Cardiology has lost its way. Sad!

  9. I have read that shovelling imposes a greater load on the heart than a treadmill done energetically. Shovelling anything, that is.

    The thing with shovelling snow is that one is doing it in the cold. This leads to the arteries being constricted.

    Its the combination of the two – unaccustomed exercise at a high level and for quite a long period by people who mostly never usually do anything like it, and doing it in a temperature far lower than they ever usually do any kind of work or fitness activity in.

    The death toll from shovelling snow is astonishingly high. But this is the cause and its not going to be affected much by global warming. I don’t think there is any evidence there are going to be more snowfalls from warming. And its snow that is the problem, not whether its one degree warmer or cooler when it snows.

    • “I don’t think there is any evidence there are going to be more snowfalls from warming.”

      Aren’t the warmists complaining about a snowfall DECLINE in the NH in the spring (Jan.–March) due to climate change?

      • Oops—-I probably got my date-range wrong there, but anyhow supposedly snowfall is declining substantially medium-term in some period due to climate change.

    • “I have read that shovelling imposes a greater load … Shovelling anything, that is.”

      As a former farm boy, I agree – it certainly includes shovelling BS. Therefore, I suggest a study over the next number of years of members of the American College of Cardiology who were involved in this “study.”

  10. It would appear those at the most risk of heart attack are those doing climate change studies and the constant “it ain’t snow” that they keep shoveling on the people of this world.

  11. I can’t understand their claimed connection.What relevance is the difference between minimum and maximum temperature for people living in a modern city? Almost nobody experiences minimum as it is at night when we are asleep. And there is no evidence that most people having a heart attack experienced maximum either – the heart attacks were presumably spread out over the day.

    And of course the 5% increase is far below the level of the noise in the data.

  12. Just when you thought it could not get any more ‘wrong’
    (Of course this is from, in the UK, a bunch of insurance fraudsters and folks who tell you that drinking 20 or 30ml of a Group 1 carcinogen might actually have ‘health benefits’ Doctors)

    It actually goes thus:
    10 Eat processed starch food
    20 Stomach turns starch to glucose
    30 Glucose floods bloodstream
    40 Glucose is turned to fat and low-density lipoprotein
    50 Low-density-lipoprotein falls out of (the aqueous blood) solution
    60 Artery is narrowed
    70 If artery flow capacity is less than x, goto 10 else goto 80
    80 Have heart attack and die
    90 Pay huge death-duty-tax for privilege of dying
    100 Rest (in peace)
    110 End

  13. Was just watching OZ Abc show four corners with an expert that said heat ( normal Aussie summer) can cause mental problems .

    • Doing anything can cause mental problems .. pick any single thing you like and I guarantee you that someone in the world has a problem with it.

  14. I’ve been hearing for decades that shoveling snow is associated with increased heart attacks but it was also associated with age and fitness. I thought you had to publish research that was novel.

    I lived in a Michigan snow belt for 20 years. Lot’s of outdoor cold aerobic events to get out of my driveway. Don’t recall that many people dropping dead on my street.

    • I am very pleased with my anecdotal snow shoveling performance this year. I have a 2500 sq. ft. driveway and know that light snow is about one twelfth the density of water and heavy wet snow is about a tenth the density of water, and that water is 60 lbm/ft.^3. My shovel blade is 24”. The pile of shoveled snow topped out at more than seven feet tall, about as high as I wanted to throw each shovelfull.

      I practiced shoveling a little a lot, ideally clearing each 2” or 3” increment in about half an hour. We had a couple of 12” and 14” over night snowfalls that took two or three days to clear, working an hour on and an hour off doing light chores. Clearing, to me, means scraping ice free so that the concrete can dry out on the next sunny day.

      Now I’ve escaped the nascent thaw, and am three days in central Florida. I bicycled 25 miles yesterday, 6 miles the day before – the first miles of the year.

      I’m 69 years old. ATMn I am facing east watching the sunrise, the horizon is clear, with puffy clouds 15 minutes above the approaching sunrise.

      • so that the concrete can dry out
        Dirt and gravel here — when wet it gets soft, dry it stays hard. Same idea.

        2 to 3 inches of light snow
        Use a wide push-broom with the end of the handle on a wide belt buckle.

        When we get a foot or more of snow a neighbor shows up with a farm tractor and 8-ft. wide blade.
        He gets a return, later in the year, with garden fresh produce and sweet cherries.

  15. “the results showed the risk of a heart attack increased by about 5 percent for every five-degree jump in temperature differential”

    Absolute nonsense! The min and max temp in a day don’t happen in a manner of minutes. Heart attack happens in seconds. They should measure the temp differential during the attack. I’m sure they can find a correlation between daily temperature differential and diarrhea if they try hard enough.

  16. I am afraid of doctors now. I really am.

    I am afraid of asking questions. I am afraid of discussion medical issues I know almost nothing about and discovering they understand even less.

    I don’t even want to talk to a doctor IRL because don’t want to have to explain basics on medicine which I know almost nothing about. (On the Web it’s different. I can handle it.)

    • Persons would be foolish not to fear

      Medical Error Is Third Leading Cause of Death in US

      Jim Rickert, MD, an orthopedist in Bedford, Indiana, and president of the Society for Patient Centered Orthopedics, told Medscape Medical News he was not surprised the errors came in at number 3 and that even those calculations don’t tell the whole story.

      “That doesn’t even include doctors’ offices and ambulatory care centers,” he notes. “That’s only inpatient hospitalization resulting in errors.”

      “I think most people underestimate the risk of error when they seek medical care,” he said.

      • I’m not familiar with the latest studies, but they seem to reach the same conclusion as the 1999 JAMA study that did include doctor error, as I recall.

      • Hospitals and other heavily sanitized environments are prime breeding ground for “Superbug” infections. Superbug-level adaptations happen all the time, but under normal circumstances they must compete with other non-super bacteria which constrains their reproduction. Kill off 99.9% with a disinfectant, and the 0.1% it didn’t kill become 100% of the bacteria in the environment.

      • You only visit a doctor or hospital when you are ill, so if there wasn’t a correlation I would have been amazed. You will find an amazing link to dead people and cemeteries as well.

        Chalk one up to Captian Bleeding Obvious.

    • A few years back, they tried to require doctors to ask patients if anyone in the home owned a gun.

  17. Well if the AGW folks need another data point, I am on Lipitor now. Never had high cholesterol before but at 62 years old, traveling for a living, eating in fine dining restaurants all the time and enjoying life, well, it must be the 0.04% of CO2 in our atmosphere as a causative factor.

    Who do I sue? Surely my moderately overweight BMI was caused by some evil hydrocarbon corporation!

  18. How long before a study on sexual dysfunction concludes that gullible warming causes climax change?

  19. Let’s just cut to the chase. AGWers espouse that cold kills humans and warm produces humans. Since AGWers want the expanse of land around their mansions to be void of the common form of humanity, they do not want more warm. They want enough less warm to kill off commoners but not enough cold to kill the mansion owners.

  20. I stubbed my toe this morning, and there is an association with global warming, aka climate change with increased toe-stubbing. However, having made that association, that doesn’t in itself prove that global warming/climate change actually causes toe-stubbing. Further study is required! Send $$$$$$$ to the Toe-Stubbing Institute (TSI).

  21. Another institution goes down in the name of advocacy and at the expense of science and credibility.

    • They can help make it happen tomorrow. All they have to do is work “for free’ – pro bono medicine. Kinda like Gore giving up his private jet.

  22. They have just demonstrated that talk is cheap, proof will take more.
    One thing I am sure they have not checked – overall, the medical condition of the population has got worse, so this likely contributes more to increased heart attacks than weather.

  23. Here’s something I saw elsewhere on a different subject but I thought it relevant to some of the ClimateChange™ alarmists and well-meaning, but duped enviros.

    Thomas Sowell wrote in Intellectuals and Society:

    If you happen to believe in free markets, judicial restraint, traditional values, [etc.]… then you are just someone who believes in free markets, judicial restraint and traditional values. There is no personal exaltation resulting from those beliefs. But to be for “social justice” and “saving the environment” or to be “anti-war” is more than just a set of beliefs about empirical facts. This vision puts you on a higher moral plane as someone concerned and compassionate, someone who is for peace in the world, a defender of the downtrodden…”

    “In short, one vision makes you somebody special and the other vision does not. These visions are not symmetrical.[…] Because the vision of the anointed is a vision of themselves as well as a vision of the world, when they are defending that vision they are not simply defending a set of hypotheses about external events, they are in a sense defending their very souls – and the zeal and even ruthlessness with which they defend their vision are not surprising under these circumstances.

    • Narcissist personality disorder is the correct term for Social Justice Warrior syndrome.
      “People with narcissistic personality disorder believe they are superior or special, and often try to associate with other people they believe are unique or gifted in some way. This association enhances their self-esteem, which is typically quite fragile underneath the surface.”

    • For many years I have enjoyed reading Thomas Sowell’s writings, both essays and books. It was a sad day when he finally decided to retire, though, Lord knows, he deserves the rest. Mr Sowell is one of our contemporary geniuses.

  24. When the issue of individual sudden temperature change (of 10’s of degrees temperature in a few minutes) is conflated with climate change (several degrees temperature in a century) you can be assured you have found a rent-seeker.

    • Correlation vs. Causation

      Usually a researcher will start with some sort of reasoning that an observed thing is caused by one or more other things. The thought is that those things do cause, or greatly influence, the thing of interest. If testing the idea does produce a high correlation the hypotheses is supported, and perhaps, further examination is justified. Other things need to be done — see the many statements by Richard Feynman on how to proceed.

    • Correlation does not prove causation, but it often tells you were to look for it.
      Correlation does imply causation, however you still have to prove it.

      • Sometimes it just leads you up the garden path as well and there are plenty of science examples of it.

  25. There is no question that burning fossil fuel has caused an increase of death from heart attack, because it has extended life expectancy. You are also at greater risk of dying of cancer for the same reason – because something else didn’t kill you sooner.

  26. So we should keep our building heating or cooling within 10 degrees of the outside temperature?

  27. Human carbon causes heart attacks it is known!!! Hello?!? We’re no longer dim witted beings attributing everything to the all mighty sun or to the gods?!?


  28. The fact is that the daily temperature range has decreased, not increased, as daily lows are higher than before. So if the authors are correct, then climate change should decrease heart attacks due to smaller temperature shifts.

    This paper:
    D. Onozuka and A. Hagihara, “Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest risk attributable to temperature in Japan”, Scientific Reports (2017), 7:39538 DOI: 10.1038/srep39538.
    analyzed more than 650,000 cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest admissions (OHCA) in Japan from 2005 to 2014. The substantial impact of low temperatures is indicated by this extract from the abstract:

    “Overall, 23.93% (95% empirical confidence interval [eCI]: 20.15–26.19) of OHCA was attributable to temperature. The attributable fraction to low temperatures was 23.64% (95% eCI: 19.76–25.87), whereas that of high temperatures was 0.29% (95% eCI: 0.21–0.35). The attributable fraction for OHCA was related to moderate low temperature with an overall estimate of 21.86% (eCI: 18.10–24.21).”

    The authors show that the optimum temperature (minimum heart attack rate) is 29 C, very close to the high end of the temperature range of all heart attacks studied which was from 0 C to 32 C.

    Many, many other studies show the increased rate of heart attacks in cool/cold weather.

  29. I saw a study that claimed that climate change would increase crime rates because more crimes are committed when it’s warm outside than when it’s cold. Ugh.

  30. Are there different treatments for climate change heart attacks and the old regular type heart attack?

  31. Someone help me here please.

    “Along with an overall warming trend, climate change is projected to lead to more extreme events, such as heat waves and cold snaps,”

    Of course, this is not the first time I’ve seen this claim in alarmist literature. But I’ve never seen an explanation of WHY climate change (at least the kind of climate change attributed to man-made carbon dioxide) would cause “extreme events” in weather. In particular, why would man-made climate change cause larger day-to-day, or within-day temperature fluctuations, the kind of fluctuations that apparently cause heart attacks? In fact, it seems to me that the opposite would be more likely. As atmospheric carbon dioxide increases, day-to-day and within-day temperature fluctuations would decreases, even as average temperatures increase. I have long understood (and understood alarmists to agree) that the way greenhouse warming works is, the coldest times and localities warm more than the warmest times and localities. Midnight temperatures will increase more than noon temperatures for a given locality; January temperatures will increase more than July temperatures; and Arctic temperatures will increase more than tropical temperatures (though the latter has little to do with my argument here). Do I understand it correctly? If so, then the “swings” in temperature, at all time scales shorter than say decadal, and in particular at the day-to-day and within-day scale, will be minimized.

    But the fact that alarmists keep CLAIMING climate change will result in more extreme events leads me to believe they at least have SOMETHING to support that claim. Some scientific theory, at least, if not empirical evidence. I mean, it can’t be just the models, because every time someone criticizes the failure of the models to predict “the pause”, alarmists defend the models with claims that they weren’t meant to predict short-term variability in weather. So where the heck do they get this idea that climate change causes more extreme swings in temperature?

  32. Last November my doctor discovered I had blocked arteries in my heart. (All I felt was occasional mild discomfort.) I was whisked into hospital for a triple bypass op. Undoubtedly all the result of Global Warming.

    Can I sue someone? Exxon Mobil, perhaps?

    • I thought a climate change heart attack is modelled as opposed to measured and naturally if there is a difference the model is correct.

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