Quote of the week: The clouds, the 1%, and the ‘holy grail’ of climate science


People send me stuff.

Today my inbox got what some people might describe as an important clue to finding the “holy grail” of climate science. It’s a big step forward, it’s an even bigger step to get those entrenched, invested, and employed in the “CO2 rules the climate” theory industry to accept it. The battle of self-correcting science is about to be fought.

In a few days, I’ll be able to tell you what it is, since it is embargoed, but for now, I wanted to remind you all of this quote from the past:

“The most obvious way for warming to be caused naturally is for small, natural fluctuations in the circulation patterns of the atmosphere and ocean to result in a 1% or 2% decrease in global cloud cover. Clouds are the Earth’s sunshade, and if cloud cover changes for any reason, you have global warming — or global cooling.”

That’s from Dr. Roy Spencer’s book: The Great Global Warming Blunder: How Mother Nature Fooled the World’s Top Climate Scientists 

My advice: get a copy between now and Tuesday, and read it.

Also, on the subject of clouds and climate, this analysis by Willis Eschenbach is also well worth reading, because it illustrates the self-regulating mechanism Earth has due to cloud action.

Where The Temperature Rules The Sun

ceres cor surface sun temperature.png

Meanwhile, as hinted at in the title graphic, invest in popcorn futures.


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Could there be a “holy grail” of climate science yet to be discovered? It will be interesting to parse that, and the debate that ensues. One thing is certain…the climate the last 150 years has been about as positively conducive to human kind as it it could have ever been. Probably can’t get much better than this.

Tari Péter

“Could there be a “holy grail” of climate science yet to be discovered? ”

Gunga Din

And, in genuine science, once they find it, they’ll realize there’s another one to find.


Obviously hints at clouds, the real and obvious control knob of “climate”, if any. And a major “we still don’t know, so let’s pretend it doesn’t matter” of “settled science”.


Somebody has looked at clouds from both sides, now?

Pat Kelly

I know that I know nothing

michael hart

Clyde Spencer

Well, the optimum for humans would be to maybe cool the deserts slightly, and melt the frozen tundra to expand the range of arable land for agriculture. It appears that the latter may be happening. The Matanuska Valley in Alaska is famous for its large vegetables. Perhaps the long hours of daylight are responsible for their large size. Opening up the far North to agriculture would allow the production of larger amounts of food for humans.

The question of the optimal temperature for Earth has never been examined, to the best of my knowledge.

John F. Hultquist

Perhaps you should investigate the defining characteristics of deserts:

The Earth doesn’t have a temperature.

The Earth doesn’t have a temperature.

Is the earth made of matter?
Then it has a temp.

The Earth doesn’t have a temperature.

Is the earth made of matter?
Then it has a temp.

micro6500: What is it then? And how did you measure it?

Thermometer on my phone says 32°F?
I bet you even have a temp where you’re at. So it has a temperature.


Re John Hultquist: Geologists find that there are hot deserts and frozen deserts. The picture you post obviously shows a conflicted desert.


Well if we are talkng about Air temps…I would say optimal would be somewhere areound 72F (Im Canadian..ergo my comfort zone is likely lower than many).

Internally, having caved for many years…it 42 deg constant….upper crust of course


Some rather silly comments. The Earth has MANY temperatures. There is no way to average them in a meaningful way because all the processes in the climate are driven by energy-heat and radiation- imbalances(PV=nRT), which are not measured by temperature. You can easily have a situation where the temperature near the ground is 22C and at 50,000 ft. the temperature is -3C and there are no clouds, rain, or significant winds. What is driving that situation? The nearly complete balance of energy in the atmosphere from bottom to nearly top. Does an average temperature of 19.5C, the average temperature have any effect? No.

Having calculated enthalpy, it doesn’t matter.


The Sahara is greening, what more do you want?


The religion of Climate Science is anything but “holy”.

“Grail” on the other hand, is defined as “a cup or chalice that in medieval legend was associated with unusual powers”, but politicians worldwide have used Climate Science to their political advantage, and against the poorest among us.

“Grail” is also defined as “any greatly desired and sought-after objective; ultimate ideal or reward”. Like the Nirvana often sought by the Left but never realized, it always results in Big Government and loss of individual freedom.


Neither definition has enhanced the human experience.


Could there be a “holy grail” of climate science yet to be discovered?

I think that you miss the point of ‘climate science’. It’s a way of pushing ones personal agenda.

CO2 bad … CO2 requires ‘’wealth redistribution’ and everything else one can imagine of other systems failed in time.

So does Willis get referenced? Humble pie time?


I bit of a teaser….
Has somebody actually figured out how to adequately model cloud cover?

Can modelling be done to a fraction of 1% accuracy? No chance for that. How do you validate a model without data to the needed accuracy?

Bryan A

Could be a study using actual DATA regarding cloud cover gleaned from satellite imagery and indicating a 2-3% reduction in gobal averaged cloud cover since 1968



What are the error bands involved in that cloud cover data? + or – 0.25 % is needed.

&plusmn ; givews ± (without the space)


Not even close!

Best laughs… hand held calculators match super-computer models… 12:28, climate model uncertainty (error bars)… 24:25

“Cloud error is 114 times larger than the variable they are trying to detect”

Dr Patrick Frank has presented his paper to 6 Journals, has had 16 reviewers, 13 of which were modelers. The count is 13 to 3 against publication, all 13 modelers voted against it. All 13 critics were incompetent in their reviews, making basic errors in comprehension.


I’m glad the Earth doesn’t employ the same approach to climate that these so-called “climate scientists” do.


Great video. I memorized the equation and when a Warmologist needs to know how warm it will be in 2085, I’ll use my phone to get the answer. I wonder if there’s an App for that.


I have wondered if the last 150 years of temperature data will even show up on something like the Vostok ice core data far in the future? Small reductions in temperature during the Holocene were not positive for man kind, just think about what it will be like when the Holocene is over.


When the holocene ends human population on the planet will “reset” to the number who are supportable by the resulting climate — likely fewer than 100 million globally but concentrated into areas with the consistently most favorable WEATHER.

Some countries still measure sunshine hours (the UK). Canada used to. But quit.
comment image


Very interesting.

The alleged UK temperature increase also coincides with UK population growth and the popoulation’s cumulative heat generating activities.


I am not sure that this correlation is causation. It might be.
But –
The UK has been having many – net – emigrants for the years from about 2008 [inflexion point – BY EYE!], yet the Annual Sunshine does not seem to have been increasing proportionately.

UHI is certainly significant locally, but even London is about 750 square miles out of 90,000 for the UK as a whole – less than one percent.
Mind – CO2 is less than one tenth of one percent globally.
Indeed, as I have remarked, more than once – to the nearest one tenth of one percent – there is zero CO2 in our atmosphere.
And yet we are to destroy our energy and economic systems on the say-so of a bunch of activists.
Not at all ‘Joined Up Government’.


U.K. Population decreased for 30 years, around 1950-1980?

Chris Wright

It is interesting and I can’t wait to hear what next week’s news will be.
There’s good correlation between the graph and the CET temperature during the nineties. From about 1990 to 2000 CET (Central England Temperature) rose about one degree, practically in a straight line, precisely when sunshine was incrteasing. But in 2000 CET went into reverse and started to cool at about the same rate, forming an almost perfect sawtooth (although there has been a bit of a warm bump the last few years). Unfortunately the sunshine graph shows no fall after 2000, so the correlation breaks down.

Bengt Abelsson

The swedish SMHI has data from 1983comment image

Incoming sunshine +0,3% / year

Popcorn suggested and then you want us to “settle” back? Tease. 😉

If the magnitude of causation implied is as large as claimed then CO2 will be regulated to “miscellaneous.”

Okay, if they found a good cloud model they should detect this.comment image
This is Sensitivity to insolation for N20 to N30 lat (all Air Force surface stations with 360 days of data per year)
The big increase in the late 90 is evidence of a large increase in sensitivity, only place in >23.5 N/S Lat that has it. The warming took place in NH winter, as what I’m checking is how the day to day temp changes, and the negative peak is about Oct, and the positive peak is about March, and the change between these points is fairly linear, under weather effect.
I discuss this here https://micro6500blog.wordpress.com/2016/05/18/measuring-surface-climate-sensitivity/

I suggest this to test to see if what I found in the surface data shows up in the cloud data.
I believe it was caused by the change of state in the AMO.


Back to chart making school for you!

I accept that criticism…… I have been in battle with excel for a while. But, other than units, what is the issue? The units, are power, not rate that is assumed to be over 24 hours, which is not possible, and leads to unphysical models. But they can easily be changed, and that greatly reduces magnitude of sensitivity.


You are winning the battle. Mostly. Still, I prefer to see the ordinate labeled so I can read it at a glance. And I like to be able to see all the lines, not just three out of four. That blue on a grey background–Oy!


Another decent primer on clouds and climate are at GISS. The discussion there is accurate to what we know today on clouds.


In that above reference is this quite honest statement about clouds and models: (my bold)

“Unfortunately, such a margin of error is much too large for making a reliable forecast about climate changes, such as the global warming will result from increasing abundances of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. A doubling in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), predicted to take place in the next 50 to 100 years, is expected to change the radiation balance at the surface by only about 2 percent. Yet according to current climate models, such a small change could raise global mean surface temperatures by between 2-5°C (4-9°F), with potentially dramatic consequences. If a 2 percent change is that important, then a climate model to be useful must be accurate to something like 0.25%. Thus today’s models must be improved by about a hundredfold in accuracy, a very challenging task. To develop a much better understanding of clouds, radiation and precipitation, as well as many other climate processes, we need much better observations.”

That statement right there is an admissions today’s climate model outputs (and tomorrow’s as well) are junk because they do not properly model cloud processes as the occur in our actual climate.


Look for the rash of dismissal, denial, dissing, anger, pontification, etc from the warmunists.


In other words, someone struck a nerve.


So I took sunshine’s annual hours above and plotted it on top of the CET record. Remarkably similar trends.

Tom Halla

Looks interesting. The peculiar thing is that the only real temperature measurements for most of the world are satellites, so Spencer might get heat over persons preferring the surface “records”.


So will Svensmark get the Nobel for his work on Forbush Decreases and the effect of solar magnetic variability on cloud cover/climate, plus Nir Shaviv for the theoretical side of this ?

Water vapor is the dominant effect. Even the UN IPCC models are constructed with this understanding – they just get the cause of the water vapor wrong (their hypothesis has anthropogenic CO2 as the determinant, rather than the natural solar-driven processes).

Curious George

Water is a troublemaker. It can be present in the atmosphere as a vapor, as a liquid,and as a solid. Climate models on their scale of a 100 km grid are totally clueless.

Mario Lento

BINGO. Of course it’s water in all of its states. Latent heat gains when the states change –> moving energy around. The sun directly and indirectly affects water in complex ways. It’s the sun and the water!


Yes, there’s something wrong with assuming there’s no water in the atmosphere at the start.

The albedo runs the climate. The atmosphere cools the earth, not warms it.
Gosh, hmmm, where have I seen that before?

Mario Lento

Yes – Albedo, driven by water the sun and water!


It does both, without atmosphere the surface temperature would be ca. 270K

W/o atmos surface would be like moon – 390 K lit side 100 K dark.


Take an argon atmosphere then.

What’s argon have to do with it?

It doesn’t have absorption lines in the ir spectrum.

So what?

Andy Pattullo

Things are looking up for my resurrected Jeep Grand Cherokee with a 6 litre engine. I am going to design a bumper sticker taking credit for rising crop yields and bragging about my Jeep’s ability to drink most foreigners under the table. Maybe it should be in the shape of a burning Tesla.

Michael Jankowski

Nick is going to be confused again since the quote is from 2010 and not this week.


Where is Nick? (hasn’t been ’round stoking the flames of alarmism these days)…


My son recently found a copy of Dr. Roy Spencer’s “The Great Global Warming Blunder” in a thrift store in New Iberia, Louisiana. It was apparently discarded by the South Regional Library of the Lafayette Public Library, which last time I checked lists its copy as ‘In Transit.’ On the cover is attached POLISCI, (also on web catalog) but the Dewey Decimal Number given is 551.6, correct for the Library Cataloging on the Copyright Page, true also for the Library of Congress number QC.

This may be innocent error, Rush Limbaugh’s name on cover aside, but I looked at the library’s cataloging of other climate books, some of which are in the 300s, Social Sciences. This includes Silent Spring, Lomborg’s book, Gore’s books and Spencer’s Climate Confusion. Not sure what all this means, but there are problems down the street, including as I posted getting rid of the National Wetlands Research Center Library, and the possibility that the University there will allow graduation in Biology with little or no Botany.

Spencer’s Blunder book belongs in the Science section, as it has a high percentage of real references, lack of dogma and ideology, and what might be called polemics aimed at Gore, et al, are minimal. I do wish that his list of “Propaganda Methods” had been called Logical Errors. Categories here are not always easily fixed, however, but errors of logic can be taught independent of the politics of content.

Of particular interest to me was the last reference in Chapter 9, Summary and Conclusions, to a paper in Fisheries, published by the American Fisheries Society, of which I used to be a member. They became too political and controlling, but seem to be improving in their science content. The problem we have, as others here have noted, is across broad areas of academics, humanities and even engineering (check out The Bent of Tau Beta Pi ).

His reference was a quote from Lackey, R. T., “Normative Science.” Fisheries 29(2004):38-39.
“…an insidious kind of scientific corruption.” The paper is completely behind a paywall, but I know what has been going on as the fisheries corruption goes back earlier than the climate, I think, at least in some biologists losing their jobs or being transferred.

The similarity is what Spencer correctly shows in identifying causes and effects, in the fisheries case the same failure to consider natural causes, often blaming commercial fisheries. While not altogether innocent, ugly things happened, with one of the worst the destruction (some burned) of antique wooden fishing boats in the EU so they could not reenter the fisheries (P. Lockley. 2000. Decommissioning – A Failed Policy. Maritime Life and Traditions. 7:2-15.). This has not reached the level of climate either in money or exposure, and also has been receiving some correction in the fisheries literature.

It is a great book and I wonder if there was some way to adapt his clever simple model examining radiative and nonradiative feedbacks to fishery collapses. These often involve temperature, the late 70s “Climate Shift” he mentioned recognized (Hayes, M. L., J. Bonaventura, T. P. Mitchell, J. M. Prospero, E. A. Shinn, F. Van Dolah and R. T. Barber. 2001. How are climate and marine biological outbreaks functionally linked? Hydrobiologia 460:231-220).

A C Osborn

This has already been emperically shown by Jonathan Lowe back in 2011.

Bob B.

“I’ve looked at clouds from both sides now
From up and down and still somehow
It’s cloud’s illusions I recall
I really don’t know clouds at all”

-Joni Mitchell

Mike Graebner

Always liked that song. Should be required for climate modelers.


With apologies to Ms Mitchell, I penned my own lyrics 6 years ago…

Both Sides Now

Woes and blows to warmist scares
Excise schemes now in cross hairs
And weather claxons now despair
I’ve looked at clouds that way

We all know that they block the sun
And rain and snow on everyone
So many things frauds would have done
But clouds got in their way

We’ve looked at clouds from both sides now
From cool and warm, and still somehow
Warmist delusions I recall
They really don’t know clouds at all

Loons and goons with feckless deals
Are busy advancing their ideal
And so their fairytale reveal
We’ve heard them yack away

But now it’s not supposed to snow
So we’re laughing as they eat crow
And polar bears, their numbers grow
Hint: check the Hudson bay

We’ve looked for signs of high tides now
From near and far, no rise somehow
Warmist delusions we recall
They really don’t know squat at all

Tears and fears and feeling proud
To say “It’s bullshit!” right out loud
Dreams and schemes of circus clowns
The crooks’ in disarray

This now transends just acting strange
We shake our heads, they’re so deranged
They’re data’s lost, still unexplained
United Nations way

We’ve heard their crap, their sacred cow
From kin and news and still somehow
It’s Mann’s delusions I recall
He really don’t crap at all

I’ve looked at clouds from both sides now
From cool and warm, and still somehow
Those warmists really are dirt balls
They really don’t know clouds at all

Green Sand

Hold the flights to France!

John Harmsworth

Let them go! Just don’t let them come back!

Bill Illis

About a month ago, I noted that CERES was showing a sharp decrease in solar radiation reflected back to space (clouds or land or ice reflecting solar radiation or Albedo for short). This is the first time that a trend started to show up in CERES (at all really) – lower Earth Albedo.
comment image

Bill Illis

I went and got the newest numbers from CERES. The decline in short-wave solar reflected is NOT in the cloud numbers, it is in the “Clear-Sky non-cloudy” conditions. So, more of the solar energy is being absorbed by either the atmosphere (non-cloud) or by the surface (water or land or ice).

This is actually a large enough drop to warm the Earth in a substantive manner.
comment image


Important to state that the systematic error in Ceres is still +/- 2.5 W so these figures are sunny-day.

W/m2 that should be

“the ‘holy grail’ of climate science”

Pardon me, but this kind of poetry just make me believe in climate science even less.


Bruce Cobb

Meh, I’m sick of popcorn. I’m investing in Fiddle Faddle futures instead.


I have some chili popcorn seasoning I’ve been saving for that special popcorn occasion. 😉

There is interesting related research and data at the Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science of ETH Zurich, led by Martin Wild, senior scientist specializing in global dimming and brightening. In contrast to the satellite imagery, ETH is compiling changes in sunlight incident on surface sensors. An overview with links is here: https://rclutz.wordpress.com/2017/07/17/natures-sunscreen/
Dr. Wild’s money graph is this one:comment image

Figure 2. Changes in surface solar radiation observed in regions with good station coverage during three periods.(left column) The 1950s–1980s show predominant declines (“dimming”), (middle column) the 1980s–2000 indicate partial recoveries (“brightening”) at many locations, except India, and (right column) recent developments after 2000 show mixed tendencies. Numbers denote typical literature estimates for the specified region and period in W m–2 per decade. Based on various sources as referenced in Wild (2009).


Japan temperatures 1998 ->
comment image

But is also flat from 1950 – 1990
comment image

There is a slight step up between 1990 – 998, which , iirc, is present in many Asian countries.


Oil smooths the surface, reduces wave action and generates fewer salt aerosols.

Now, I wonder what the result of that could be.



How can there be a “Holy Grail” when “the science” is already settled ? 🙂

John Harmsworth

The “Holy Grail”of climate science is a massive annual grant in perpetuity with peer review by friends in on the scam.

Steve Case

Dr. Roy Spencer’s book The Great Global Warming Blunder.

So I trotted off to the local library and not only didn’t they have it, but it wasn’t on the shelf anywhere in Milwaukee County’s Federated library system and I was told that the inter-library network in all of Wisconsin also did not have a copy available. The librarian took my number and said if she could locate a copy she would give me a jingle.

John V. Wright

If it is a hard science paper, backed by serious research from senior scientists, the really interesting aspect will be how the BBC manages to misreport/misrepresent/ignore/fudge and general turd the evidence.

Usually at times of crisis they get the stand-up comedian Roger Harrabin to wave his hands furiously to the side of the issue trying to distract his audience of middle class ‘useful idiots’ so they cannot see the awful truth at the centre of the story.

We await with interest – but, trust me, the Beeb’s lefty editors are already gearing up the smokescreen ‘explanation’ about what the research ‘really means’.


Speaking of turds, we are about to have a close encounter with a large and hard, not mention polished…
comment image


What ?? . No sprinkles or glitters ! 🙁

N. Jensen

Only 3 things really determines the earth climate:


The properties of water

The fact that the earth is more than 70 % covered by water

That’s all


Those set the basic temperature, for sure.

Ocean currents, clouds, volcanic activity and changes in solar penetration into the oceans due to frequency changes seem to cause most of the minor ups and downs.

Doug MacKenzie

A first order approximation using say Trenberth’s chart as a baseline, his 79 watts reflected coming from an overall earth average albedo of 0.3….then assume the albedo of cloud cover is 0.8 and ocean is 0.1…..assume a 1degree C rise in ocean surface temperature causes 7% more water vapour by C-C equation ….which likely causes the random motion of the atmosphere to “attempt” to form 7% more clouds….do some basic math and pretty soon you realize you can’t possibly form 7% more clouds without causing cooling of more than 1 degree….a negative feed back about 10 times higher than CO2 increase from 3 molecules per 10,000 to 4 molecules per 10,000….

A C Osborn

Doug, logic says that it is a balancing act.
Moisture and Clouds in Particular reflect or absorb Very High, High, Medium and low Energy during the day.
But only absorb low energy leaving the Surface at Night.
So which logically would have most affect overall, it has to be the reduction of Very High and High Energy plus the rest during the day.
In fact I do not believe in any of the concensus so called Climate Science.
Take the claim that CO2 is a well mixed gas and they have Stations around the world showing that it is true.
Then we get the CO2 measuring Satellite and they make the mistake of showing us the the early results which show that it is not at all well mixed.
The Temp Data, now the Tide data all manipulated.
Magic Back Radiation from CO2 with more energy than sunlight.
It is all a concoction, the biggest scam in Human history.

Doug MacKenzie

The emissivity of a cumulus cloud is about 0.95. Its really not clear what you are trying to say.

Doug MacKenzie

Soory that was intended to be a reply to Leitwolf later in the thread.

Doug MacKenzie

A C Osborn, just picking on one of your points. Saying “Magic Back Radiation” is poor understanding on your part. The applicable equation is Q=(a constant) x (Thot^4 – Tcold^4) For our purposes T hot is ground temp and T cold is the ‘sky’ temp. The ‘back radiation’ is simply the (-Tcold^4) part of the equation. It is accepted by anyone with a science degree. Mathematically it is an appreciable number. But it is just a number in half of an equation. Use the whole equation and you find sunlight has almost three times the heat input as the above Net radiation equation shows. Which confirms what your senses feel on a sunny day. Convection and evaporation making up the rest. My concern is that bringing up back radiation without understanding it, is just a good way to lose the argument by very quickly showing a lack of science education.

Geoff Sherrington

Suppose, as Willis has noted, that short-term changes in daily cloud cover are part of a thermostat mechanism.
Suppose that these cloud changes occur at a time each day between minimum and maximum temperatures, as measured by historic thermometers.
Question. Given that historical reconstructions before about 1970 rely on Tmax and Tmin measurements, do we have adequate historical data to allow us to see the effects of clouds?
Alternatively, suppose that these cloud cover changes happen right on either Tmax or Tmin reading times for most days of the year. Similar questions arise.
The Tmax/Tmin method has long been held inferior to an ‘area under the curve’ approach. Indeed, that was the topic of my first ever climate blog comment, made many years ago now. Geoff


This is something I’ve been banging on about for years. First at the BBC (anybody else noted all Richard Blacks pieces have had the comments removed?), then at other places such as here https://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/08/20/spencers-cloud-hypothesis-confirmed/#comment-1062038


I presume the CERN guys have demonstrated that cosmic ray variation changes cloud formation , type as well as amounts and this affects temperatures many times in magnitude more than any other ‘forcing’.
This is completely consistent with actual real temperature readings which show very slight increases in winter and nightimes balanced by slightly lower summer; overall producing very slight increases in overall annual averages.
Will this finally stop the zealots trying to wreck western economies? No chance, as its elite driven money aided by politicians who are running this. They need to keep the masses ‘believing’ to aid the policies of tax payers covering the downside of risk free investments. Can one ‘Trump’ figure stop this? Only if he manages to get reelected with the senate still under control and doesn’t get corrupted in the meantime.


Warm clothing futures look to be a safe bet.
[Invest at your own risk, no matter whether you believe me or believe me not, as your investments decisions are your own and due to your diligence, not mine! ]


“To capture the public imagination, we have to offer up some scary scenarios, make simplified dramatic statements and little mention of any doubts one might have. Each of us has to decide the right balance between being effective, and being honest.”

Dr Stephen Schneider

Leading greenhouse advocate, close friend of Al Gore AND major advisor to the IPCCC!


Clouds do drop Earths absorptivity by about 20%, as they make up for about 2/3 of the total albedo. However they have not the slightest impact on emissivity. I mean not in the common greenhouse model.
You can count clouds towards the surface, or account for them separately. What you must not do however, is treating clouds in opposite ways with regard to absorptivity and emissivity. While they are surface on the one side, they are not on the other side, and even worse, transform into a GHG.
All that non sense arrangement has been established to give us the GHE, which otherwise, rationally speaking, would hardly exist.
Unless this fundamental flaw in the theory is tackled, there is little point in discussing details of the dynamics of cloud forcing in a changing climate.

There is very little doubt about human-caused global warming. There’s a whole lot of doubt, however, that it’s due to carbon dioxide.

Given the reality of the past two decades of the “global warming hiatus,” with its elevated but statistically flat temperatures, while carbon dioxide continues upward unchecked, the long-trusted CO2/warming link is beginning to look rather like the emperor’s new clothes, i.e., less and less believable. Not helping at all is the fact that there’s not one hard-data-based study in the peer-reviewed literature that actually supports that link. Even Feldman, et al., 2015, so often cited as “hard proof” of the link, uses correlation and theoretical arguments to “prove” it. I know of a few hard-data-based studies, including one of my own, that actually disprove the link.

What, then, caused the “global warming” or “climate change” that everyone’s talking about? Climate scientists have no alternative to the old CO2/warming model. That’s why they’re so adamantly trying to prove that the “hiatus” never happened.

Let’s look at the actual temperature record. The only period during which global warming has unquestionably happened is between 1975 and 1998, when global temperature shot up by almost a centigrade degree. Since then, we’ve had the “hiatus” of lackluster warming (if any) and a couple of El Ninos, which don’t count. If you remember, 1975 to 1998 was just the time when we were filling the atmosphere with CFCs from spray cans. What do CFCs contain? Chlorine. What does chlorine do? It depletes ozone. What happens then? All the potent solar ultraviolet-B radiation that would otherwise destroy ozone penetrates to Earth’s surface and causes global warming (which it can certainly do if it can cause severe sunburn and genetic defects!) Why did it stop? The Montreal Protocol, which went into effect in the ’90s, banning further CFC production. Why is temperature still elevated? Because chlorine destroys ozone catalytically (i.e., it isn’t itself destroyed) and it has a long residence time in the atmosphere. I.e., the so-called “global warming hiatus” is likely to be in effect for several decades to come, so we’d better get used to it, but at least we really don’t need to worry about CO2, because it’s clearly not the problem.