Why and How the IPCC Demonized CO2 with Manufactured Information

Guest essay by Dr. Tim Ball

Elaine Dewar spent several days with Maurice Strong at the UN and concluded in her book The Cloak of Green that, Strong was using the U.N. as a platform to sell a global environment crisis and the Global Governance Agenda. Strong conjectured about a small group of world leaders who decided the rich countries were the principle risk to the world. These countries refused to reduce their environmental impact. The leaders decided the only hope for the planet was for collapse of the industrialized nations and it was their responsibility to bring that about. Strong knew what to do. Create a false problem with false science and use bureaucrats to bypass politicians to close industry down and make developed countries pay.

Compare the industrialized nation to an internal combustion engine running on fossil fuel. You can stop the engine in two ways; cut off the fuel supply or plug the exhaust. Cutting off fuel supply is a political minefield. People quickly notice as all prices, especially food, increase. It’s easier to show the exhaust is causing irreparable environmental damage. This is why CO2 became the exclusive focus of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Process and method were orchestrated to single out CO2 and show it was causing runaway global warming.

In the 1980s I warned Environment Canada employee Henry Hengeveld that convincing a politician of an idea is a problem. Henry’s career involved promoting CO2 as a problem. I explained the bigger problem comes if you convince them and the claim is proved wrong. You either admit your error or hide the truth. Environment Canada and member nations of the IPCC chose to hide or obfuscate the truth.

1. IPCC Definition of Climate Change Was First Major Deception

People were deceived when the IPCC was created. Most believe it’s a government commission of inquiry studying all climate change. The actual definition from the United Nations Environment Program (article 1) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) limits them to only human causes.

a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over considerable time periods.

In another deception, they changed the definition used in the first three Reports (1990, 1995, 2001) in the 2007 Report. It’s a footnote in the Summary for Policymakers (SPM).

Climate change in IPCC usage refers to any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. This usage differs from that in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, where climate change refers to a change of climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and that is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods.

It was not used because Reports are cumulative and to include natural variability required starting over completely.

It is impossible to determine the human contribution to climate change if you don’t know or understand natural (non-human) climate change. Professor Murray Salby showed how the human CO2 portion is of no consequence, that variation in natural sources of CO2 explains almost all annual changes. He showed that a 5% variation in these sources is more than the total annual human production.

2. IPCC Infer And Prove Rather than Disprove a Hypothesis

To make the process appear scientific a hypothesis was inferred based on the assumptions that,

• CO2 was a greenhouse gas (GHG) that slowed the escape of heat from the Earth.

• the heat was back-radiated to raise the global temperature.

• if CO2 increased global temperature would rise.

• CO2 would increase because of expanding industrial activity.

• the global temperature rise was inevitable.

To further assure the predetermined outcome the IPCC set out to prove rather than disprove the hypothesis as scientific methodology requires. As Karl Popper said,

It is the rule which says that the other rules of scientific procedure must be designed in such a way that they do not protect any statement in science against falsification.

The consistent and overwhelming pattern of the IPCC reveal misrepresentations of CO2. When an issue was raised by scientists performing their role as skeptics, instead of considering and testing its validity and efficacy the IPCC worked to divert, even creating some false explanations. False answers succeeded because most people didn’t know they were false.

3. CO2 Facts Unknown to Most But Problematic to IPCC.

Some basic facts about CO2 are unknown to most people and illustrate the discrepancies and differences between IPCC claims and what science knows.

• Natural levels of Carbon dioxide (CO2) are less than 0.04% of the total atmosphere and 0.4% of the total GHG. It is not the most important greenhouse gas.

• Water vapour is 95 percent of the GHG by volume. It is the most important greenhouse gas by far.

• Methane (CH4) is the other natural GHG demonized by the IPCC. It is only 0.000175 percent of atmospheric gases and 0.036 percent of GHG.

• Figure 1 from ABC news shows the false information. It’s achieved by considering a dry atmosphere.

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Figure 1

• The percentages troubled the IPCC so they amplified the importance of CO2 by estimating the “contribution” per unit (Figure 2). The range of estimates effectively makes the measures meaningless, unless you have a political agenda. Wikipedia acknowledges It is not possible to state that a certain gas causes an exact percentage of the greenhouse effect.

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Figure 2 (Source Wikipedia)

4. Human CO2 production critical to IPCC objective so they control production of the information.

Here is their explanation.

What is the role of the IPCC in Greenhouse Gas inventories and reporting to the UNFCCC?

A: The IPCC has generated a number of methodology reports on national greenhouse gas inventories with a view to providing internationally acceptable inventory methodologies. The IPCC accepts the responsibility to provide scientific and technical advice on specific questions related to those inventory methods and practices that are contained in these reports, or at the request of the UNFCCC in accordance with established IPCC procedures. The IPCC has set up the Task Force on Inventories (TFI) to run the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Programme (NGGIP) to produce this methodological advice. Parties to the UNFCCC have agreed to use the IPCC Guidelines in reporting to the convention.

How does the IPCC produce its inventory Guidelines? Utilising IPCC procedures, nominated experts from around the world draft the reports that are then extensively reviewed twice before approval by the IPCC. This process ensures that the widest possible range of views are incorporated into the documents.

They control the entire process from methodology, designation of technical advice, establishment of task forces, guidelines for reporting, nomination of experts to produce the reports, to final report approval. The figure they produce is a gross calculation, but it is estimated humans remove 50% of that amount.

Regardless, if you don’t know natural sources and variabilities of CO2 you cannot know the human portion. It was claimed the portion in the atmosphere from combustion of fossil fuels was known from the ratio of carbon isotopes C13/C12. Roy Spencer showed this was not the case. In addition, they ignore natural burning of fossil fuels including forest fires, long-burning coal seams and peat; as Hans Erren noted, fossil coal is buried wood. Spencer concluded,

If the C13/C12 relationship during NATURAL inter-annual variability is the same as that found for the trends, how can people claim that the trend signal is MANMADE??

The answer is, it was done to prove the hypothesis and further the deception.

5. Pressure For Urgent Political Action

Early IPCC Reports claimed the length of time CO2 remains in the atmosphere as very long. This implied it would continue as a problem even with immediate cessation of CO2 production. However as Segalstad wrote,

Essenhigh (2009) points out that the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) in their first report (Houghton et al., 1990) gives an atmospheric CO2 residence time (lifetime) of 50-200 years [as a "rough estimate"]. This estimate is confusingly given as an adjustment time for a scenario with a given anthropogenic CO2 input, and ignores natural (sea and vegetation) CO2 flux rates. Such estimates are analytically invalid; and they are in conflict with the more correct explanation given elsewhere in the same IPCC report: “This means that on average it takes only a few years before a CO2 molecule in the atmosphere is taken up by plants or dissolved in the ocean.

6. Procedures to Hide Problems with IPCC Science And Heighten Alarmism.

IPCC procedures and mechanisms were established to deceive. IPCC has three Working Groups (WG). WGI produces the Physical Science Basis Report, which proves CO2 is the cause. WGII produces the Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability Report that is based on the result of WGI. WGIII produces the Mitigation of Climate Change Report. WGI and WGII accept WGI’s claim that warming is inevitable. They state,

Five criteria that should be met by climate scenarios if they are to be useful for impact researchers and policy makers are suggested: Criterion 1: Consistency with global projections. They should be consistent with a broad range of global warming projections based on increased concentrations of greenhouse gases. This range is variously cited as 1.4°C to 5.8°C by 2100, or 1.5°C to 4.5°C for a doubling of atmospheric CO2 concentration (otherwise known as the “equilibrium climate sensitivity”).

They knew few would read or understand the Science Report with its admission of serious limitations. They deliberately delayed its release until after the Summary for Policymakers (SPM). As David Wojick explained,

Glaring omissions are only glaring to experts, so the policymakers”—including the press and the publicwho read the SPM will not realize they are being told only one side of a story. But the scientists who drafted the SPM know the truth, as revealed by the sometimes artful way they conceal it.

What is systematically omitted from the SPM are precisely the uncertainties and positive counter evidence that might negate the human interference theory. Instead of assessing these objections, the Summary confidently asserts just those findings that support its case. In short, this is advocacy, not assessment.

An example of this SPM deception occurred with the 1995 Report. The 1990 Report and the drafted 1995 Science Report said there was no evidence of a human effect. Benjamin Santer, as lead author of Chapter 8, changed the 1995 SPM for Chapter 8 drafted by his fellow authors that said,

While some of the pattern-base discussed here have claimed detection of a significant climate change, no study to date has positively attributed all or part of climate change observed to man-made causes.

to read,

The body of statistical evidence in chapter 8, when examined in the context of our physical understanding of the climate system, now points to a discernible human influence on the global climate.

The phrase “discernible human influence became the headline as planned.

With AR5 (2013) they compounded the deception by releasing the SPM then releasing a correction. They got the headline they wanted. It is the same game as the difference between the exposure of problems in the WGI Science Report and the SPM. Media did not report the corrections, but the IPCC could now claim they detailed the inadequacy of their work. It’s not their fault that people don’t understand.

7. Climate Sensitivity

Initially it was assumed that constantly increasing atmospheric CO2 created constantly increasing temperature. Then it was determined that the first few parts per million achieved the greenhouse capacity of CO2. Eschenbach graphed the reality

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(Figure 3).

Figure 3

It is like black paint on a window. To block sunlight coming through a window the first coat of black paint achieves most of the reduction. Subsequent coats reduce fractionally less light.

There was immediate disagreement about the amount of climate sensitivity from double and triple atmospheric CO2. Milloy produced a graph comparing three different sensitivity estimates (Figure 4).

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Figure 4.

The IPCC created a positive feedback to keep temperatures rising. It claims CO2 causes temperature increase that increases evaporation and water vapour amplifies the temperature trend. Lindzen and Choi, discredited this in their 2011 paper which concluded The results imply that the models are exaggerating climate sensitivity.

Climate sensitivity has declined since and gradually approaches zero. A recent paper by Spencer claims “…climate system is only about half as sensitive to increasing CO2 as previously believed.

8. The Ice Cores Were Critical, But Seriously Flawed.

The major assumption of the inferred IPCC hypothesis says a CO2 increase causes a temperature increase. After publication in 1999 of Petit et al., the Antarctic ice core records appeared as evidence in the 2001 Report (Figure 5).

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Figure 5. Antarctic core core record

Four years later research showed the reverse – temperature increase preceded CO2 increase contradicting the hypothesis. It was sidelined with the diversionary claim that the lag was between 80 and 800 years and insignificant. It was so troubling that Al Gore created a deceptive imagery in his movie. Only a few experts noticed.

Actually, temperature changes before CO2 change in every record for any period or duration. Figure 6 shows a shorter record (1958-2009) of the relationship. If CO2 change follows temperature change in every record, why are all computer models programmed with the opposite relationship?

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Figure 6; Lag time for short record, 1958 to 2009.

IPCC Needed Low Pre-Industrial CO2 Levels

A pre-industrial CO2 level lower than today was critical to the IPCC hypothesis. It was like the need to eliminate the Medieval Warm Period because it showed the world was not warmer today than ever before.

Ice cores are not the only source of pre-industrial CO2 levels. There are thousands of 19th Century direct measures of atmospheric CO2 that began in 1812. Scientists took precise measurements with calibrated instruments as Ernst Beck thoroughly documented.

In a paper submitted to the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation Hearing Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski stated,

The basis of most of the IPCC conclusions on anthropogenic causes and on projections of climatic change is the assumption of low level of CO2 in the pre-industrial atmosphere. This assumption, based on glaciological studies, is false.[1]

Of equal importance Jaworowski states,

The notion of low pre-industrial CO2 atmospheric level, based on such poor knowledge, became a widely accepted Holy Grail of climate warming models. The modelers ignored the evidence from direct measurements of CO2 in atmospheric air indicating that in 19th century its average concentration was 335 ppmv[11] (Figure 2). In Figure 2 encircled values show a biased selection of data used to demonstrate that in 19th century atmosphere the CO2 level was 292 ppmv[12]. A study of stomatal frequency in fossil leaves from Holocene lake deposits in Denmark, showing that 9400 years ago CO2 atmospheric level was 333 ppmv, and 9600 years ago 348 ppmv, falsify the concept of stabilized and low CO2 air concentration until the advent of industrial revolution [13].

There are other problems with the ice core record. It takes years for air to be trapped in the ice, so what is actually trapped and measured? Meltwater moving through the ice especially when the ice is close to the surface can contaminate the bubble. Bacteria form in the ice, releasing gases even in 500,000-year-old ice at considerable depth. (Detection, Recovery, Isolation and Characterization of Bacteria in Glacial Ice and Lake Vostok Accretion Ice. Brent C. Christner, 2002 Dissertation. Ohio State University). Pressure of overlying ice, causes a change below 50m and brittle ice becomes plastic and begins to flow. The layers formed with each year of snowfall gradually disappear with increasing compression. It requires a considerable depth of ice over a long period to obtain a single reading at depth. Jaworowski identified the problems with contamination and losses during drilling and core recovery process.

Jaworowski’s claim that the modellers ignored the 19th century readings is incorrect. They knew about it because T.R.Wigley introduced information about the 19th century readings to the climate science community in 1983. (Wigley, T.M.L., 1983 “The pre-industrial carbon dioxide level.” Climatic Change 5, 315-320). However, he cherry-picked from a wide range, eliminating only high readings and ‘creating’ the pre-industrial level as approximately 270 ppm. I suggest this is what influenced the modellers because Wigley was working with them as Director of the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) at East Anglia. He preceded Phil Jones as Director and was the key person directing the machinations revealed by the leaked emails from the CRU.

Wigley was not the first to misuse the 19th century data, but he did reintroduce it to the climate community. Guy Stewart Callendar, a British Steam engineer, pushed the thesis that increasing CO2 was causing warming. He did what Wigley did by selecting only those readings that supported the hypothesis.

There are 90,000 samples from the 19th century and the graph shows those carefully selected by G. S. Callendar to achieve his estimate. It is clear he chose only low readings.

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Figure 7. (After Jawaorowski Trend Lines added)

You can see changes that occur in the slope and trend by the selected data compared to the entire record.

Ernst-Georg Beck confirmed Jaworowski’s research. An article in Energy and Environment examined the readings in great detail and validated their findings. In his conclusion Beck states

Modern greenhouse hypothesis is based on the work of G.S. Callendar and C.D. Keeling, following S. Arrhenius, as latterly popularized by the IPCC. Review of available literature raise the question if these authors have systematically discarded a large number of valid technical papers and older atmospheric CO2 determinations because they did not fit their hypothesis? Obviously they use only a few carefully selected values from the older literature, invariably choosing results that are consistent with the hypothesis of an induced rise of CO2 in air caused by the burning of fossil fuel.

The pre-industrial level is some 50 ppm higher than the level claimed.

Beck found,

Since 1812, the CO2 concentration in northern hemispheric air has fluctuated exhibiting three high level maxima around 1825, 1857 and 1942 the latter showing more than 400 ppm.

The challenge for the IPCC was to create a smooth transition from the ice core CO2 levels to the Mauna Loa levels. Beck shows how this was done but also shows how the 19th century readings had to be cherry-picked to fit with ice core and Mauna Loa data (Figure 8).

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Figure 8

Variability is extremely important because the ice core record shows an exceptionally smooth curve achieved by applying a 70-year smoothing average. Selecting and smoothing is also applied to the Mauna Loa data and all current atmospheric readings, which naturally vary up to 600 ppm in the course of a day. Smoothing done on the scale of the ice core record eliminates a great deal of information. Consider the variability of temperature data for the last 70 years. Statistician William Brigg’s says you never, ever, smooth a time-series. Elimination of high readings prior to the smoothing make the losses greater. Beck explains how Charles Keeling established the Mauna Loa readings by using the lowest readings of the afternoon and ignored natural sources. Beck presumes Keeling decided to avoid these low level natural sources by establishing the station at 4000 m up the volcano. As Beck notes

“Mauna Loa does not represent the typical atmospheric CO2on different global locations but is typical only for this volcano at a maritime location in about 4000 m altitude at that latitude. (Beck, 2008, “50 Years of Continuous Measurement of CO2on Mauna Loa” Energy and Environment, Vol. 19, No.7.)

Keeling’s son operates Mauna Loa and as Beck notes, “owns the global monopoly of calibration of all CO2measurements. He is a co-author of the IPCC reports, that accept Mauna Loa and all other readings as representative of global levels.

As a climatologist I know it is necessary to obtain as many independent verifications of data as possible. Stomata are small openings on leaves, which vary in size directly with the amount of atmospheric CO2. They underscore effects of smoothing and the artificially low readings of the ice cores. A comparison of a stomata record with the ice core record for a 2000-year period (9000 – 7000 BP) illustrates the issue (Figure 9).

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Figure 9.

Stomata data show higher readings and variability than the excessively smoothed ice core record. They align quantitatively with the 19th century measurements as Jaworowski and Beck assert. The average level for the ice core record shown is approximately 265 ppm while it is approximately 300 ppm for the stomata record.

The pre-industrial CO2 level was marginally lower than current levels and likely within the error factor. Neither they, nor the present IPCC claims of 400 ppm are high relative to the geologic record. The entire output of computer climate models begins with the assumption that pre-industrial levels were measurably lower. Elimination of this assumption further undermines the claim that the warming in the industrial era period was due to human addition of CO2 to the atmosphere. Combine this with their assumption that CO2 causes temperature increase, when all records show the opposite, it is not surprising IPCC predictions of temperature increase are consistently wrong.

The IPCC deception was premeditated under Maurice Strong’s guidance to prove CO2 was causing global warming as pretext for shutting down industrialized nations. They partially achieved their goal as alternate energies and green job economies attest. All this occurred as contradictory evidence mounts because Nature refused to play. CO2 increases as temperatures decline, which according to IPCC science cannot happen. Politicians must deal with facts and abandon all policies based on claims that CO2 is a problem, especially those already causing damage.

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Source: The Global Warming Policy Foundation: CCNet 14/10/13


1. [1] “Climate Change: Incorrect information on pre-industrial CO2” Statement written for the Hearing before the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation by Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski March 19, 2004

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291 thoughts on “Why and How the IPCC Demonized CO2 with Manufactured Information

  1. Waitwaitwait. We calibrate our CO2 instruments from a sensor parked on the side of an active volcano? Which pencil neck thought this was a good idea? I’d always figured it was the other way around and never gave much thought to the Mauna Loa readings because: Hey, as the CO2 climbs as the mountain gets ready to pop again? Who. Cares. Because we’re measuring and calibrating elsewhere.

    But, really? The gold standard of all measurements and the sense we calibrate the universe by is parked in a place that is *guaranteed* to have its own completely natural CO2 escalation as it propels itself towards another eruption?

    Dr. Ball, if that’s at all right as you say, then someone needs to puts these braying donkey’s seriously out to pasture. Because who cares about putting instruments next to an air conditioner when the whole thesis is based on: Pretend this isn’t an active volcano. Now calibrate things.

  2. So what’s in it for Maurice Strong? Does he figure the world will elect him to be King of the World, after he plunges the world into chaos and destroys the world’s economy?

    He’s as clueless as he is evil. I wish he’d quickly “age out”.

  3. This sounds remarkably like what has happened though I’m not prone to conspiracy theories. I’m inclined not to believe this was consciously made up. However I am inclined to believe that some activists flew a kite that for some odd reason got traction, socialism has been riding that traction ever since. It’s so hard to dislodge because the Greens / Socialists don’t want to give up the power it delivers them… It’s become a theology to them, much like the “Bosses are all evil” theology that pervades the union movement while all the while it’s the union officials caught with their snouts in the trough.

    Science is just the innocent casualty of an accident of politics

    CAGW is just a goof up, bit like Y2k

  4. Whoa – I have to re-read this when I have time. If you are all piqued by this great piece, you should also read The Age of Global Warming: A History, by Rupert Darwal. Really dense but an eye opener

  5. Thank you Dr. Tim Ball for concisely enumerating the obvious flaws in the IPCC reports and the likely basic motivation of the authors.

  6. Jquip 7:13pm: “Pretend (Mauna Loa) isn’t an active volcano.”

    Can’t pretend Mauna Loa isn’t an active volcano because it really is. NOAA does know it. Here’s how they control for its CO2 emissions: “How do scientists know that Mauna Loa’s volcanic emissions don’t affect the carbon dioxide data collected there?”

    http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/blogs/climateqa/mauna-loa-co2-record/

    Note NOAA reports their volcano CO2 measurement data is valuable to volcanologists.

  7. The story about the two definitions of climate change are interesting. The IPCC presumed in its work that it meant natural and man made. It was the FCCC that used the definition of manmade only. The FCCC came into existence after the first assessment. The Australian delegation on the 2nd Assessment raised concerns that this would lead to confussion made a fuss about this at the Madrid Plenary of WG1 in Madrid in 1995. It was due to this that the footnote was inserted. Credit goes to John Zillman.

  8. Thanks, Dr. Ball.
    You show a deeper root for our problem; According to some people, the rest of the people are like a cancer to the Earth. We must be reduced in numbers; just enough to sustain the elite in their proper place: As (mostly) benign world dictators, saving the Earth from humans.

  9. Great article. Completely true. What we need is some way of sending this out world
    Wide. O T …. a reply to an article attacking Willie soon in the boston globe…”thank you
    for the entertainment provided by your article on Willie Soon. It was fun to watch the
    virtual spit flying from the globes mouth throughout the article.
    Rarely have I read a more biased diatribe posing as news.
    As for the ipcc being awarded the Nobel peace prize? Pardon me if i’m not as impressed by
    That award as I used to be”…..

  10. re: Maurice Strong

    He seems to be hiding in the PRC….. he fled to Beijing during the investigations of the “oil for food” scandal wrt Iraq and the UN sanctions:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maurice_Strong

    In 2005, during investigations into the U.N.’s Oil-for-Food Programme, evidence procured by federal investigators and the U.N.-authorized inquiry of Paul Volcker showed that in 1997, while working for Annan, Strong had endorsed a check for $988,885, made out to “Mr. M. Strong,” issued by a Jordanian bank. It was reported that the check was hand-delivered to Mr. Strong by a South Korean businessman, Tongsun Park, who in 2006 was convicted in New York federal court of conspiring to bribe U.N. officials to rig Oil-for-Food in favor of Saddam Hussein. Mr. Strong was never accused of any wrongdoing.[21] During the inquiry, Strong stepped down from his U.N. post, stating that he would “sideline himself until the cloud was removed.”

    Shortly after this, Strong moved to an apartment he owned in Beijing.[21] He said that his departure from the U.N. was motivated not by the Oil-for-Food investigations, but by his sense at the time, as Mr. Annan’s special adviser on North Korea, that the U.N. had reached an impasse. “It just happened to coincide with the publicity surrounding my so-called nefarious activities,” he insists. “I had no involvement at all in Oil-for-Food … I just stayed out of it.”[21]

  11. Trick: “Note NOAA reports their volcano CO2 measurement data is valuable to volcanologists.”

    And that’s absolutely correct. The problem is calibrating other instruments from Mauna Loa. I don’t mean to call Dr. Ball into question, but the idea that this is the case is beyond absurd.

  12. “Actually, temperature changes before CO2 change in every record for any period or duration. Figure 6 shows a shorter record (1958-2009) of the relationship. If CO2 change follows temperature change in every record, why are all computer models programmed with the opposite relationship?”

    Now there’s the question of the hour that I would love to get a answer to from the climate alarmists! In my view, that issue has to be the biggest flaw of all in the GCMs.

    The problem is that the alarmists probably don’t have an answer to that question. Too bad, because I would love to hear them stumbling through an explanation.

  13. That the IPCC demonized CO2 with manufactured information is beyond doubt. This conclusion follows from the facts that: a) the IPCC climate models convey no information to makers of policy on CO2 emissions on the outcomes from their policy decisions and b) as they made policies, the makers of these policies must have thought they had information. The lack of information is a consequence from the nonexistence of events underlying the IPCC models. I’d be pleased to elaborate if anyone is interested.

  14. Thank you Dr Ball – we need to get a copy of this to every politician. It is sickening that this evilness has come as far as it has.

    So, a bunch of world leaders decided that rich countries are the principal risk to the world in order to destroy them through de-industrialization. Jealous at all, do you think? Presumably it didn’t occur to them to try capitalism – which worked splendidly for the rest of us – it would have been a heck of a lot simpler and hugely productive.

    These people could have been admired for doing wonderful things for their countries, their people. They could have been looked up to and gone into the history books as heroes. Instead, these miserable, cowardly, evil sods opted to tear down what they did not have themselves, but could have had they just tried to use a brain cell or two.

    They just couldn’t get the idea that freedom produces riches. The solution was staring them right in the face by way of example, and all they could think of was to destroy it and any happiness or hope in the world.

    We are looking at the worst crime in human history. I sincerely hope they burn for it. Every last one of them, and their cohorts and minions too. The world would turn on them all if people knew.

  15. Christopher Korvin says:
    November 13, 2013 at 8:55 pm

    http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/maunaloa/

    “Rising gradually to more than 4 km above sea level, Mauna Loa is the largest volcano on our planet. Its long submarine flanks descend to the sea floor an additional 5 km, and the sea floor in turn is depressed by Mauna Loa’s great mass another 8 km. This makes the volcano’s summit about 17 km (56,000 ft) above its base! The enormous volcano covers half of the Island of Hawai`i and by itself amounts to about 85 percent of all the other Hawaiian Islands combined.

    “Mauna Loa is among Earth’s most active volcanoes, having erupted 33 times since its first well-documented historical eruption in 1843. Its most recent eruption was in 1984. Mauna Loa is certain to erupt again, and we carefully monitor the volcano for signs of unrest.”

    But wait, there’s more!

    The CO2 sensors are also down the prevailing winds from Kilauea, which has been actively erupting since 1983:

    http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/kilauea/

    “Kīlauea is the youngest and southeastern most volcano on the Big Island of Hawai`i. Topographically Kīlauea appears as only a bulge on the southeastern flank of Mauna Loa, and so for many years Kīlauea was thought to be a mere satellite of its giant neighbor, not a separate volcano. However, research over the past few decades shows clearly that Kīlauea has its own magma-plumbing system, extending to the surface from more than 60 km deep in the earth.

    “In fact, the summit of Kīlauea lies on a curving line of volcanoes that includes Mauna Kea and Kohala and excludes Mauna Loa. In other words, Kīlauea is to Mauna Kea as Lo`ihi is to Mauna Loa. Hawaiians used the word Kīlauea only for the summit caldera, but earth scientists and, over time, popular usage have extended the name to include the entire volcano.

    “The eruption of Kīlauea Volcano that began in 1983 continues at the cinder-and-spatter cone of Pu`u `Ō `ō. Lava erupting from the cone flows through a tube system down Pulama pali about 11 km to the sea.”

  16. Correction ! ! I read that Mauna Loa is technically classified as active. It last erupted, I read, in 1984..So not very active just now, for 30 years. I didn’t see anything resembling an eruption when I was there recently .But as CO2 is invisible, colorless, and odorless it could have been gently seeping out of the ground without me observing it. So, perhaps someone who is more informed than me could tell us authoritatively whether this ongoing Co2 seepage. It seems unlikely.

  17. Christopher Korvin says:
    November 13, 2013 at 9:04 pm

    Monitoring CO2 production on Mauna Loa since the 1984 eruption:

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/obop/mlo/programs/esrl/volcanicco2/volcanicco2.html

    You can also read about the CO2 produced locally on Mauna Loa in a number of posts on this blog. It really is a very much active volcano. By contrast, the last major eruption of the still active Mt. Hood, Oregon’s tallest mountain, was in the 1790s.

    Then there is, as I noted, the continuous emission from Kilauea, & the undersea baby volcanoes nearby.

  18. Above Figure 3 there is “Eschenbach graphed the reality ” . . .

    and this may be true. However, I think I first saw this in a post by David Archibald and it was there attributed to a run on MODTRAN. It was suggested, but not quite clear, that David did this simulation or arranged for it. See this 22 October 2007 paper:

    http://www.davidarchibald.info/papers/Failure%20To%20Warm.pdf

    My only concern here is that I do not know how accurate this chart is nor where it came from but I would be reluctant to use it with only the knowledge that “Eschenbach graphed” it. I have seen other presentations of this idea, including here on WUWT, and so I am not questioning the concept. As there is no link here to which of Willis’ work this graph comes from I do not think this use meets the standard for a serious article.

  19. John F. Hultquist says:
    November 13, 2013 at 9:21 pm

    Thanks very much for the link to Archibald 2007.

  20. Thanks Dr. Ball for a great summary of IPCC incompetence

    Some reinforcing points:

    1. Fig 2 above from the IPCC says CO2 comprises 9-26% of the greenhouse effect

    That’s quite a spread for the alleged 33K greenhouse effect ranging from a total CO2 greenhouse effect of 3C to 9C; remarkable in and of itself given the huge implications for climate sensitivity.

    But since Andy Lacis, Gavin Schmidt, Chris Colose, James Hansen et al claim that CO2 comprises 20% of the alleged 33C greenhouse effect, lets assume 20%:

    Thus, that would imply CO2 was responsible for 6.44°C warming in 1850 [32.2*.2] and 6.6°C now [33*.2], a warming effect of 0.16°C after all feedbacks despite a 40% increase in CO2 levels. This would thus imply a climate sensitivity to a doubling of CO2 of 0.33C = ln(2)*[.16/ln(1.4)], 9 times less than claimed by the IPCC.

    2. Segalstad: “This [CO2 lifetime] estimate is confusingly given as an adjustment time for a scenario with a given anthropogenic CO2 input, and ignores natural (sea and vegetation) CO2 flux rates. Such estimates are analytically invalid…”

    Quite right as shown by many peer-reviewed papers, including a new paper published today:

    http://hockeyschtick.blogspot.com/2013/11/new-paper-finds-another-erroneous.html

    3. Lindzen & Choi 2010, in addition to finding “The results imply that the models are exaggerating climate sensitivity.” find the net climate feedbacks from water vapor, clouds, etc. are negative

    line 39: http://hockeyschtick.blogspot.com/2010/05/dr-lindzens-new-paper-07c-temperature.html

    4. Re ice cores: “It was sidelined with the diversionary claim that the lag was between 80 and 800 years and insignificant.”

    A new paper finds from high-resolution ice core analysis that CO2 lags temperature by 500-5000 years:

    http://hockeyschtick.blogspot.com/2013/11/new-paper-finds-ice-core-co2-levels-lag.html

    5. “Actually, temperature changes before CO2 change in every record for any period or duration. Figure 6 shows a shorter record (1958-2009) of the relationship. If CO2 change follows temperature change in every record, why are all computer models programmed with the opposite relationship?”

    Mathematical & observational proof that CO2 has no significant effect on climate

    http://hockeyschtick.blogspot.com/2013/09/mathematical-observational-proof-that.html.

  21. In public policy making it is important to analyze carefully where you and your opposition stand in the social construction board. Big oil, big tobacco and any big business for that matter, is on the highly advantaged ( with its financial and social muscle) but negative perception such that any losing player could still win the public policy debate by painting his opponent as being paid, part or sympathetic of big oil. ( This is a generalization of the social phenomena where debates degenerate to Nazi calling). I dont have to enumerate how alarmist when losing the debate will ultimately protect his position by claiming the skeptics are paid or in cahoots with big oil. On the other hand the ascendancy and career low of Maurice Strong has always been defined by BIG OIL. He was a major player in BIG OIL up to the very end of his public appearance in the west. Nevertheless, nobody would like to paint Maurice Strong creations such as climate change, UNEP, etc as tainted by big oil. Maurice Strong played his card very well in the public policy game, insulating his creations from the stigma of big oil by moving his position to disadvantage positive under the cover of fear and ignorance creating an effective impenetrable wall in the center. The last that was heard of him was self exile in Beijing. While nothing is heard about Maurice Strong publicly in recent years, he could potentially be behind a lot of surprises in the next few years in the UNFCCC negotiations for a post-Kyoto Protocol implementing mechanism.

  22. Fig 2 gives the direct contribution to the greenhouse effect by each of the 4 main GHG’s:
    H2O – 36-72 %, CO2 – 9-26%, CH4 – 4-9%, O3 – 3-7%, Per Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas , which further explains that
    “The higher ends of the ranges quoted are for each gas alone; the lower ends account for overlaps with the other gases.”
    Since the contributions of CO2, CH4 and O2 in situ total 16%, either there is a very large number of other GHG’s which, while individually of little effect, when taken together contribute 48% of total GHG effect (then why aren’t they counted), or the greenhouse contribution of H2O in situ (36%) has been tremendously understated.

    SR

  23. An exposé on Maurice Strong could inform the general public on just about everything they’d need to know about the true characters behind the CAGW meme, and thus its legitimacy.

    It’s generally claimed that our dear billionaire Maurice got his start in the Canadian oil industry but his real start, in his youth, was actually right from where he’d end his career; the UN. I’ve always found it curious how all these benevolent public servant types always seem to wind up being million or billionaires. And the fortunes always seem to follow those career choices. Thus one is left to wonder just how much of an anomaly the UN Oil for Food Scandal really is in the strata these parasites occupy. It’s no secret that Tariq Aziz offered million dollar plus bribes to UN officials so is it coincidence that one of these checks found its way into Maurice’s wrinkly old hands? And is it a coincidence that after that ‘inconvenient’ exposure of a one million dollar check from Iraq that our dear Maurice decided to scoot his sorry behind to his penthouse apartment in Beijing: a building that he shares with a few embassies.

    Canadian Maurice Strong’s long overdue retirement in Beijing also paints a picture of his true sensitivities. His current safe haven is the result of a 40 year relationship with China which would seem to indicate it predates the reforms of Deng Xiaopeng and harks all the way back to Chairman Mao.

    This is only a brief history of one of the individuals formerly entrusted with being 2nd in command at the UN. Who has called for the destruction of industrial society. Who has engineered this destruction through the control of energy sources falsely justified through a scientific scam of epic proportions. Society needs to put aside these leeches and reread the warnings we were given almost 250 years ago by Thomas Paine: a man who did not die a multi-billionaire with a beak in a public watering trough.

  24. Maurice Strong is alive and well. Strong links to the Liberals -family ties with Chretien, working relation with Bob Rae etc…- are well known.
    So when his friends at the Anglo-Canadian group Thomson Reuters offered him in April 2013 an Op-ed in the Globe & Mail in which he attacked the present Canadian government for not caving to the pressure -others would say blackmail- of the US Foundation backed green movement and their bankers, he meant business.
    At the same time Strong was front page in Canada, Thomas Homer-Dixon a regular green monger in the Globe, director of CIGI, a Balsillie, Rockefeller Brothers and Soros funded green institute was backstabbing the Canadian government and its support for pipelines in a New York Times editorial.
    Recently Liberal leader Justin Trudeau called for a carbon tax in Calgary. First Nations activists are being used to oppose developments in Alberta, BC, Ontario or New Brunswick by organisations funded by US billionaires and benefiting from a so called charitable status in Canada. Liberal linked mayors in Vancouver, Calgary are working hand in hand with some of those “charities” such as the Sierra Club. The David Suzuki Foundation whose chairman is Desmogblog’s founder has been hired by the UK to help “explain” the advantages of carbon markets in BC.
    Powerful interests have installed their puppets at every level of government -municipal, provincial and federal opposition-, in academia and in the media in order to manipulate public opinion through alarming climate stories in order to condition masses to demand and welcome policies these financiers seek to impose on a captive audience and that will make them richer. Meanwhile, the same Globe & Mail keeps running regular articles about income inequality, managing the “tour-de-force” of having their most leftish readers supporting the richest family in Canada through demonisation of the “bad rich”, that is those who do not foster the green diktat.

  25. Graham of Sydney says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:08 pm
    “the principle [sic] risk to the world.”
    Can’t spell, can’t reason.
    _____________________________________________________________
    Can’t fault the substance of the essay but only find a piddling spelling error. Looks to me you agree with Balls presentation.!

  26. Graham of Sydney says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:08 pm

    “the principle [sic] risk to the world.”
    Can’t spell, can’t reason.

    While it is unclear to me exactly who made the spelling error ( Dr. Ball, Dewar, or Strong?), your ad hominem seems a bit out of place for such a mistake.

    On the whole I thought the article was very interesting and well presented.

  27. Thank you Tim for an excellent article. It is frightening that corrupt, self-serving organisations like the IPCC can not only survive, but thrive using money they obtain by deception from the countries and taxpayers they clearly despise.
    The BBC can be tarred with the same brush, their propaganda machine is back on track because over the last few days they have been “informing” us in their news items about ocean acidification, increased global temperatures and all the other warmist c**p that they shove down our collective throats whenever we have an autumnal mild spell of weather.
    If anyone on WUWT wants to hear how nauseatingly bigoted the BBC can be, go to the BBC Radio 2 website and listen to Jeremy Vine’s programme from 12:00 noon (GMT) yesterday (13 November). The “debate” was cynically about whether AGW caused the typhoon that hit the Phillipines. I have parathesised debate because the only “expert” was George Monbiot, there was no-one else present to provide an opposing view.
    The sooner all of these lies and deceit are exposed, the better!

  28. “anticlimactic says:

    November 13, 2013 at 10:32 pm”

    From a linked article in the article you link to;

    “At the end of last year, Dr Hall-Spencer published his findings on one volcanic vent site off Ischia Island near Vesuvius. But at this meeting, he reported soon-to-be-published data gathered at other volcanic vents in Europe, Baja California and Papua New Guinea. They all show the same outcomes as at Ischia.”

    Acidity at one submerged volcanic vent site is “evidence” the global oceans by 2100 will be 170% more acidic and they expect 30% of ocean sea life not to survive? That’s one hell of a claim! I agree, it was a ridiculous article but the BBC let themselves off by publishing a disclaimer about articles they link to.

    I saw a documentary about a similar site in Papua New Guinea. The reefs were discovered about 10 years ago. Where CO2 bubbles up (Concentration not specified) the reef was in poor condition, but reefs around it were fine. Of course, no-one outside the study can corroborate that. So if CO2 was making the sea acidic and killing the reef, why isn’t the CO2 being mixed by sea currents and “killing off” the surrounding reefs?

  29. Very interesting! Useful to have this information pulled together in one place.

    Regarding CO2 lag in the ice-core record, I’ve had it explained to me that in the past this was indeed the case but human influence is now driving temperature, so once the natural process kicks in as well the temperature will rise even more.

    I note that some AGW people are now not focusing on the temperature so much as the rate of increase of temperature, saying that it is (was?!) the rate which is “unprecedented” rather than the temperature itself. As Anthony says, you have to keep watching the pea.

  30. A proposed test for CO2 greenhouse effect.

    I obviously don’t have the wherewithal to do this test, but there must be some way of doing it.

    It uses two identical disused power station cooling towers next to each other.
    Temperature sensors are set up at close, regular height intervals inside each towers.
    “Atmosphere” is pumped slowly into the base of each tower after regulating to the same ambient temperature.
    Into one tower, the CO2 concentration pumped in is, say 700ppm, and in the other tower the CO2 concentration is 350ppm. This CO2 level in also monitored at several height points.
    The same humidity is controlled for each tower. (Tests could be run using several different humidity percentages.)
    A series of tests is run, each for a whole day, where the temperature at each set height is recorded against time.

    Since the AGW brethren are the only ones likely to have access to the funds to do such testing, I DARE them to arrange this test, with suitable scientific monitoring, of course.

    I really want to know… does raised atmospheric CO2 levels cause any atmospheric warming..

    I doubt it very much

    ps.. this is only a first run of this testing idea. It would obviously need to be much better planned.

  31. None of this is news. When my personal lib-green bubble first burst around 2000, I began reading more widely, and all of this was known and available, as time went on. Good summary, though.

  32. Yes and a neglected side of global warming on this site, is of course the Bernaysian manipulation going on 24/7. This at least brings it into focus. Check out Strong’s connectios to Gore and John Holdren and Club of Rome.

  33. Another test for atmospheric CO2 effect.

    Relocate the emission point of a coal fired power station to a pristine area (offshore, desert, forest…) to create an artificial CO2 dome in the air, with higher CO2 concentrations closer to the emission point. The flue gas can be additionally filtered from ash and soot particles, and cooled to the ambient temperatures. This shouldn’t be very expensive.

    Now, one can measure all kinds of parameters, like CO2 concentrations, temperatures, wind, humidity, surface heat fluxes etc, and see the influence of CO2 on these parameters.

  34. Initially it was assumed that constantly increasing atmospheric CO2 created constantly increasing temperature.

    Huh? Assumed by whom? Arrhenius’s law is logarithmic, so I guess you are refering the some assumption that predates his law.

    I found this entire article to be hard to accept, from the conspiracy thoeries in the first paragraph onwards. “Strong conjectured about a small group of world leaders …”. Seriously? Exactly who were these “world leaders” who decided to destroy the industrialised world? And why would Strong, an entrepreneur with major fossil fuel interests, go along with it?

  35. Thank you Dr. Ball for a great and very important article that all should read in detail. Have no idea who Elaine Dewar is off hand but her shedding light on her few days of interaction with Strong and the U.N., says what has been rather hidden. Thanks, this is a good reference!

  36. Tim Ball:

    Many thanks for your fine overview. It provides a useful reference for people ‘new’ to the subject.

    Much of what you say is subject to existing debate here on WUWT and elsewhere. For example, at November 11, 2013 at 12:15 pm in a still active WUWT thread, I concluded a post comparing ice core and stomata CO2 indications saying

    Sadly, people tend to ‘champion’ the ice core or the stomata data according to what they think past CO2 concentrations ‘must’ have been. In reality, both ice core and stomata data are indicative and provide useful information, but neither should be taken as a clear and reliable quantitative indication of past atmospheric CO2 concentrations.

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/10/towards-a-theory-of-climate/#comment-1472397

    An immediate response to this was a reply which championed the ice core data and tried to rubbish the stomata data! This is typical of how all data is ‘used’ in so-called climate science.

    And you touch on my strongest objection to IPCC so-called science when you write

    The IPCC created a positive feedback to keep temperatures rising. It claims CO2 causes temperature increase that increases evaporation and water vapour amplifies the temperature trend. Lindzen and Choi, discredited this in their 2011 paper which concluded “The results imply that the models are exaggerating climate sensitivity.”

    Climate sensitivity has declined since and gradually approaches zero. A recent paper by Spencer claims “…climate system is only about half as sensitive to increasing CO2 as previously believed.”

    Indeed, empirical – n.b. not model-derived – determinations each indicate climate sensitivity is ~0.6°C for a doubling of atmospheric CO2 equivalent. This value is indicated by the studies of
    Idso from surface measurements

    http://www.warwickhughes.com/papers/Idso_CR_1998.pdf

    and Lindzen & Choi from ERBE satellite data

    http://www.drroyspencer.com/Lindzen-and-Choi-GRL-2009.pdf

    and Gregory from balloon radiosonde data

    http://www.friendsofscience.org/assets/documents/OLR&NGF_June2011.pdf

    Idso published his eight “natural experiments” in Climate Research in April 1998. The IPCC has not mentioned, not reported and not referenced his work. My above link goes to his paper which has this as its Abstract

    Over the course of the past 2 decades, I have analyzed a number of natural phenomena that reveal how Earth’s near-surface air temperature responds to surface radiative perturbations. These studies all suggest that a 300 to 600 ppm doubling of the atmosphere’s CO2 concentration could raise the planet’s mean surface air temperature by only about 0.4°C. Even this modicum of warming may never be realized, however, for it could be negated by a number of planetary cooling forces that are intensified by warmer temperatures and by the strengthening of biological processes that are enhanced by the same rise in atmospheric CO2 concentration that drives the warming. Several of these cooling forces have individually been estimated to be of equivalent magnitude, but of opposite sign, to the typically predicted greenhouse effect of a doubling of the air’s CO2 content, which suggests to me that little net temperature change will ultimately result from the ongoing buildup of CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere. Consequently, I am skeptical of the predictions of significant CO2-induced global warming that are being made by state-of-the-art climate models and believe that much more work on a wide variety of research fronts will be required to properly resolve the issue.

    The IPCC has studiously ignored empirical information which indicates climate sensitivity (CS) is less than 1.0°C for a doubling of atmospheric CO2 concentration and has only reported high values of CS produced from model studies (i.e. climate ‘understandings’ programmed into computers).

    The empirical determinations of CS indicate that effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration above present levels would not be possible to discern natural climate variability is much larger. Therefore, any effect on global temperature of increase to atmospheric CO2 concentration only has an abstract existence; it does not have a discernible existence that has observable effects (observation of its effects would be its detection).

    Richard

  37. One presumes that Ban ki-Moon is complicit in the aims of Maurice Strong. If he isn’t, then he should show he isn’t by sacking Strong forthwith.

  38. I’ve read that the concentration of stomata on leaves varies with BOTH CO2 and humidity.
    But cannot now remember where!.

  39. On Maurice Strong: Why is it that so many hypocrites who got rich from fossil fuels suddenly turn against it without giving back their fossil fuel powered money? Al Gore also comes to mind.
    Who is Maurice Strong?. Is he suffering from the Messiah Syndrome?

    • In the 1950s he acquired a small natural gas company called Ajax Petroleum & renamed it Canadian Industrial Gas & Oil Co.
    • He is a former businessman engaged in the ‘Alberta Oil Patch‘ under M.F. Strong Management.
    • Until 1966 he was president of Power Corporation of Canada.
    • He was chief executive officer of Petro-Canada from 1976 to 1978.

    Give back all the money Maurice if you are sincere. Then ask yourself about the immense damage you have caused to humanity itself.

  40. bobl says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:29 pm
    “This sounds remarkably like what has happened though I’m not prone to conspiracy theories. I’m inclined not to believe this was consciously made up. ”

    So I guess the 1972 Stockholm summit on the environment where Maurice Strong got all the paid Green NGO stooges carted there to protest for more environmental protection happened by pure chance; just one of those weird molecule configurations the Schrödinger equation is known to produce.

  41. Brian H says:
    November 14, 2013 at 12:18 am
    “None of this is news. When my personal lib-green bubble first burst around 2000, I began reading more widely, and all of this was known and available, as time went on. Good summary, though.”

    It must be repeated over and over again. The average person getting his info from MSM / state media knows NOTHING of this story to this day. They all believe in the official legend of idealistic Greenpeace heroes fighting the system.

  42. SanityP says:
    November 14, 2013 at 2:13 am
    “The tin foil hat is strong in this one.”

    Yet you can’t refute one bit of it, because all of this is documented not least in the writings of UNEP, UNIPCC and Club Of Rome itself.

  43. Here is the former Big Oil man in an interview with the Guardian in June 2010

    [Leo Hickman]
    Is the concept of a free market, given the environmental challenges we face, a dangerous concept for humanity?

    [Maurice Strong]
    “It’s not free and never has been. Just look at the level of subsidies that every government provides. Even today, governments continue to subsidise fossil fuels or other things that are environmentally counter-productive. ”

    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/blog/2010/jun/22/maurice-strong-interview-global-government

    Then give back the oil cash. It really is as simple as that.

  44. TFN Johnson:

    re your comment at November 14, 2013 at 2:03 am.

    I mention the values of ice core and stomata data in my post at November 14, 2013 at 1:33 am. However, it is stuck in moderation (probably because it includes several links) so you may not notice it when it appears at some future time (which is why I am writing this post).

    If my post does appear then I think this will then be a link to it

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1474908

    Richard

  45. In his exploration of “why”, Dr. Tim Ball misses an important point, money. More precisely money for the UN.

    No matter what you set up a bureaucracy for, within one employment/promotion cycle it’s primary goals always default to survival and expansion.

    The collectivist kleptocrats of the UN desperately want a guaranteed income, yet they are forced to survive on the contributions of the very first world nations they wish to subjugate and they hate it, they absolutely hate it. They have tried before to get agreement on extra-sovereign taxes on all international shipping and failed. Carbon taxes are just their next attempt.

    If the UN managed to con the first world into paying extra-sovereign carbon taxes, they could pretend to redistribute money to developing nations, ensuring support and power.

    The good news is that in overreaching on AGW the UN have utterly destroyed their credibility. They can never be trusted again. The great news is that they have done it in the age of the Internet and their shame will burn forever.

    It does not matter what they try next, bio-crisis, sustainability or water-crisis, it won’t work in the post AGW hoax age. Years of work on the Fabian long march through the institutions has been undone by the Professional Left’s own inanity. They thought they had the compliance of the lame stream media and they did. But it was all for naught. No amount of William Connolleys can destroy the democracy of the Internet, but the democracy of the Internet can destroy every last one of the Professional Left.

  46. Now show a pie chart with CO2 v the rest of the atmospheric gasses.
    Oh dear the CO2 doesn’t show up in Excel.

  47. “Natural levels of Carbon dioxide (CO2) are less than 0.04% of the total atmosphere and 0.4% of the total GHG.”
    That would be a little over 20 grams of HCN for every 70 kg of body weight. Small concentrations can’t matter, you are invited to try it :)

  48. “Then there is, as I noted, the continuous emission from Kilauea, & the undersea baby volcanoes nearby.” – getting more active all the time :)

  49. Thanks for the info and responses. To those that don’t understand the calibration problem:

    Let’s say Mr. Plumb True runs a level business. He doesn’t just make levels used in carpentry and construction, but calibrates and re-trues levels for everyone. In fact, he’s the only one that does so. The procedure that Mr. Plumb True uses is to compare your level to his, and then adjust your level so that it reads the same. Now back on about the mid 50’s accuracy wasn’t a big deal and a 1/2 bubble to either side in reality was good enough for a center bubble reading. And Mr. Plumb True did this by placing both levels on his shop floor. But Mr. Plumb True is a professional, a craftsman of the finest quality, and so when he moved his shop to a new location, he wanted to do something better.

    So he explicitly chose a new shop in a location suitable for his calibration services. A shop built with a single slab floor, with half-the slab over bentonite, It’s an exquisitely laid bit of concrete and is guaranteed to be straight as a whistle. The only problem is that the level of the floor changes with moisture in the air, due eh bentonite, as well as all the other issues of foundations settling, shifting, and so on. So Mr. Plumb True created an adjustable table in his shop. The angle of the tables surface has an adjustable angle so that he can offset the changes in the shop floor.

    Only thing is, he’s the only one truing levels. So he either needs to true his table with his own uncalibrated level. Or calculate a guess as to how the floor has changed since the last time he trued his own level. And he know it is out of true as he explicitly chose the place with bentonite under the foundation. But by his calculated guesses, so long as they aren’t too out of line with his own level, which he also knows has come out of true, he sets the angle of the table and then proceeds to retrue his own level. But as a value add service he longer requires you to send your level in to be trued. He produces a set of calibrated reference levels on his cock-eyed table on his cock-eyed floor and sends them out to everyone else, so they can make their levels match his.

    Now who has a true level?

    The problem with such a condition is that you are not calibrating per se. You are not setting each level in a standard way to as fixed and unchanging a quantity as possible. You are synchronizing, much like you do with clocks. Pick one clock in your house and set all other clocks to the same value. What time is it? If the only thing that matters is that every clock reads the same as your preferred clock then you don’t know, and don’t care. If all your clocks read 4 in the morning at solar noon, it makes no difference to you. But if you’re interested in solar noon at all, then this is not how you get it done. For while they’re synchronized, to a reference; the reference isn’t calibrated itself.

  50. Dr Ball, the information you have on methane is wrong. Methane is an insignificant absorber of radiant energy, Have a look in Chapter 5 of Perry’s Chemical Engineering Handbook (Heat and Mass transfer) sub-section Heat Transfer by Radiation (written by the great Prof Hoyt Hottel -I think he also wrote a similar section in Marks Mechanical Engineering Handbook). The 21 times CO2 comes from the burning of methane (CH4) to CO2 +2H2O taking into account the radiation absorption of water vapor (which according to IPCC does not count as a green house gas). However, methane does not burn in the atmosphere because, there, it is below the ignition temperature of 650C and at 1.7ppm it is below the flamability lower limit of 5%.
    The assumptions on Methane by the IPCC is just another lie.

  51. It was Maurice Strong who tried to get Ontario Hydro to set up an offshore (tax-free) company to buy rights to a Costa Rican rain-forest in the form of an environmental credit for the pollution it was causing in Ontario back in 1994. My first thought was “who owns that land and what would they do with all that money – $34 billion?”. My second thought was “shouldn’t we be spending that money making our own energy production more efficient?”. Third thought was “it must be a scam”.

  52. I’ve brought up this issue previously on WUWT, but it bears repeating. I can say many good things about this article, but I cannot say that the figures are good. They are dreadful, and the reason they are dreadful is because a low-Q jpeg format is used. Please, please, when showing line drawings, use PNG format! Looking at these horrible images is painful.

    jpeg is [for] photographs: use it for photos.

  53. Oil and food together are like birds of a feather. Maurice Strong just could [not] get oil out of his friggin mind. Money also for that matter. Here are a few links into his embroilment in the bribery and corruption scandal of the UN oil for food. Hey maaan, we all sometimes accidentally POCKET $1,000,000 and don’t ask whether it’s laundered money from a man later convicted of bribing UN officials. We just trust those who give it to us then dash of to China by mere coincidence.

    I once sat in on an informal meeting with some UN folks outside the USA. One of the first things they talked about was their ‘cut’ from a public project. Great stuff! They are corrupt to the core, it’s about the money. The rooooooot of all evil.

    http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB122368007369524679

    http://www.canadafreepress.com/oil-for-food.htm

  54. It might be helpful to remember the omissions too, like the warming was supposed to accelerate, the warming was supposed to create more CO2, the warming was supposed to create worse weather, the warming was supposed to accelerate the rising seas, etc. It is all about the acceleration.

  55. The whole AGW charade now beggars belief. Look at the scoreboard as things stand:

    Long-held ice core data that flatly contradicts claimed cause and effect.
    Pitiful CO2 sensitivity – with vast margins of error for good measure.
    Completely failed computer models with zero predictive skills.
    Missing heat.
    No ‘pause’ predicted.
    Etc etc…
    And now the latest of a string of humiliations – an absolutely feeble attempts to re-write history to explain away the most humiliating failure of all – a totally unpredicted standstill.

    ‘Pathetic’ is too kind a word to explain this garbage.

  56. Not everyone is familiar with Maurice Strong. An introductory sentence or two would improve the article.

  57. For much more on the politics of the UN and the IPCC and some more background on Maurice Strong’s nurturing of the “Environmental Movement” and its NGO’s, check out:

    “United Socialist Nations – Progress on Global Governance via Climate Change, Sustainable Development and Bio-Diversity”

    http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/originals/un_progress_governance_via_climate_change.html

    Strong was responsible for the first Earth Summit in Stockholm, in 1972, The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, (UNCHE), as its Secretary-General. He initiated and was a member of the Brundtland Report which led to Agenda 21.

    “….in 1994, Maurice Strong, (Earth Council) and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, (Green Cross International) relaunched the Earth Charter as a “civil society” initiative. As the architect of the United Nations Environment Program and the United Nations Development Program, (UNEP-UNDP), Strong had for many years co-ordinated and strengthened the integration of Non-Governmental Organisations, (NGO’s) into the UN environmental bodies.

    In Geneva in 1973, he launched the “World Assembly of NGO’s concerned with the Global Environment”. He realised that for his ambitions of a UN world government to become reality he needed the vast networking opportunities offered by the NGO’s, now referred to as “Civil Society”.

    By offering them involvement and a perception of power he brought them on board and certainly the UN could not have developed as far as it has without them. NGO’s are now involved in all UN bodies and are major contributors to the IPCC reports. They have helped to build this all-encompassing bureaucracy into the behemoth that it now is.”

    COMMISSION ON GLOBAL GOVERNANCE, (CGG)
    “The CGG was established in 1992, after Rio, at the suggestion of Willy Brandt, former West German chancellor and President of the Socialist International.

    It recommended that “user fees” should be imposed on companies operating in the “global commons.” Such fees could be collected on international airline tickets, ocean shipping, deep-sea fishing, activities in Antarctica, geostationary satellite orbits, and electromagnetic spectrum. The main revenue stream would be carbon taxes, to be levied on all fossil fuels. “A carbon tax,” the report said, would yield very large revenues indeed.”

    Sound familiar? Conspiracy theory? These things are all part of a Vast Nexus of Influence, http://eureferendum.blogspot.co.uk/2009/12/vast-nexus-of-influence.html

    They seek global laws and global punishment:

    http://www.inece.org/principles/PrinciplesHandbook_23sept09.pdf

    “The International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement (INECE) is a
    partnership of more than 3,000 government and non-government enforcement and compliance
    practitioners from more than 150 countries.”

    Convention on Bio-Diversity – Nagoya Declaration

    http://www.cbd.int/nagoya/outcomes/other/

    Nagoya Declaration on Local Authorities and Biodiversity
    From 24 to 26 October, 2010, parallel to COP 10, 679 participants including more than 240 mayors, governors and top local government executives met at the City Biodiversity Summit 2010 to exchange experiences on local biodiversity management and support the endorsement, by Parties, of a plan of action on sub-national and local governments.

    Nagoya Declaration on Parliamentarians and Biodiversity
    120 legislators from 38 Parties to the Convention participated in the Parliamentarians and Biodiversity Forum on October 25 and 26, 2010, co-organized by GLOBE International and its Japan chapter, and the Secretariat of the CBD

    Just last week, this conference was held: http://biodiversity-l.iisd.org/events/interpol-unep-international-environmental-compliance-and-enforcement-conference/

    Climate Change is simply the diversion.

  58. Pat says:
    November 13, 2013 at 11:11 pm
    So if CO2 was making the sea acidic and killing the reef, why isn’t the CO2 being mixed by sea currents and “killing off” the surrounding reefs?
    ===============
    because climate science doesn’t bother to study chemistry. the salt dissolved in the oceans is formally known in chemistry as a buffer. You cannot change a base (the oceans are a base, not an acid) to an acid without also driving the buffer out of solution. As you add CO2 to the oceans, salt rich rocks will form on the bottom of the oceans, which neutralizes the acid. This process will continue until you either run out of CO2 or run out of salt in the ocean. the enormous volume of dissolved salts makes the latter physically impossible.

  59. Jan P Perlwitz says:
    November 14, 2013 at 5:02 am
    What a ridiculous nonsense by Ball.

    Care to elaborate? Or are we supposed to take your word for it? Can you at least give us a hint as to why we should take your claim as expert opinion?

  60. The enormous deposits of marine limestone worldwide are evidence of the physical process by which the oceans turn CO2 into rock, and thereby neutralize the ability of CO2 to acidify the oceans. limestone is fossilized CO2.

    climate science observes that acid dissolves limestone, so they propose that adding CO2 to the oceans will dissolve limestone. Nothing could be further from the truth. Limestone contains CO2. Adding CO2 to the oceans must increase the precipitation of limestone, until such time as the oceans run out of calcium salts. Over billions of years, with CO2 levels much higher than present, that has never happened.

  61. Jan P Perlwitz says:
    November 14, 2013 at 5:02 am
    Can you at least give us a hint as to why we should take your claim as expert opinion?
    ==========
    Isn’t there a Perlwitz is paid by NASA GISS? Isn’t NASA GISS the are the ones that used billions in taxpayer dollars to invent the rocket ship that has taken generations of space traveler to visit the exotic planet called “earth”? Only to find that it was already inhabited by “earthlings”

    Didn’t this allow those pesky rocket scientists, with their oh so annoying attention to facts and detail, to be replaced by the much more reliable politically correct scientists? Didn’t a bunch of the ex-NASA rocket scientists write a letter to this effect?

  62. Jquip: “The problem with such a condition is that you are not calibrating per se. You are not setting each level in a standard way to as fixed and unchanging a quantity as possible. You are synchronizing, much like you do with clocks. Pick one clock in your house and set all other clocks to the same value. “

    So what you seem to be saying is Keeling is synchronizing all of the co2 measuring stations about our globe and not giving them necessarily a perfect co2 calibrating sample of a known accurate concentration so if every station is off they can correct after the fact at Mauna Loa who determines how far off everyone is from a fixed concentration they determine, that they “know” is correct, just like your example of all clocks being off by the same amount, but it doesn’t matter as long as they are all off by the same amount, the mother station determines the accurate point and adjusts accordingly.

    Interesting, I always thought Keeling sent out a calibration gas sample of a known and accurate concentration which has its own set of problems. In that case if the calibration samples are off, everyone is off but since the calibration was deemed accurate no mother station adjustments would ever be made after the fact as they are assimilated each month.

    I guess since they know from energy records how much co2 rises each month it becomes quite easy to determine who is correct and accurate. ;-)

    Now I wonder which it is, synchronization or calibaration?

  63. Dr Ball you say of the ice cores:
    “It was sidelined with the diversionary claim that the lag was between 80 and 800 years and insignificant”
    then you also say of CO2vs temp record
    “The temperature can be seen to lead by 6 months”
    How can it lead by 6months and also by 80 to 800 years.
    If temp changes (looking at yearly data) can initiate a change in CO2 within 6months then why a few 100k years ago was it so much more sluggish.
    Perhaps the ocean “plankton” is the cause of your annual changes as the phytoplankton change from using CO2 and producing O2 (during summer days) and using 02 and producing CO2 during the long winter nights?

  64. Dr. Ball – you have performed a most excellent autopsy. However the cadaver is still walking about, and doesn’t seem to know it is a zombie. GK

  65. Jan P Perlwitz says:
    November 14, 2013 at 5:02 am

    What a ridiculous nonsense by Ball.

    Which part threatened your demented CAGW worldview most? Inquiring minds wish to know.

  66. What great timing Dr. Ball,
    I was just having a go round on this subject at Towards a theory of climate By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley

    And I referenced Dr. Jaworowski. I was told his “paper’ linked to the Hearing before the US Senate Committee was not peer -reviewed It was ” …a 1997 rant from Jaworowski” link

    And:
    “…Gail, please let the late Jaworowski rest in peace, together with his ideas about ice cores. All of his objections were already refuted in 1996 by the drilling of 3 cores at Law Dome by Etheridge e.a. link

    And:
    in Response to someone else’s comment: “We know the method by which they were spliced together is also questionable.”
    Came this comment:
    “That is pure nonsense: the late Jaworowski from who is this story did look at the wrong column in Neftel’s Siple Dome ice core table: he used the column of the age of the ice instead of the average gas age to compare with the Mauna Loa data. But as far as I know most of the CO2 is in the gas phase, which is much younger than the ice at the same depth” link
    (The adjusting of the age of the gas to match up with the Mauna Loa data was of course what Dr Jaworowski was objecting to so that is a real whopper.)

    Boy do they dislike Dr. Jaworowski’s work and the poor man is no longer here to defend himself. So I am glad someone who is much more familiar with Dr. Jaworowski and with Mr. Beck is around to defend their work. So thank you Dr. Ball for this article.

  67. wayne: “Interesting, I always thought Keeling sent out a calibration gas sample of a known and accurate concentration which has its own set of problems. In that case if the calibration samples are off, everyone is off but since the calibration was deemed accurate no mother station adjustments would ever be made after the fact as they are assimilated each month.”

    Yes, exactly. And assuming all the best integrity of Keeling, Keeling is calibrating the gas samples with his own equipment. But as he’s the only calibrator, he can only calibrate his equipment with his gas samples. For if it were in any other condition, everyone would be able to calibrate to an independent mechanism. eg. It’s synchronization in this case, and purely. Which means that we cannot state any absolute value with certainty, or anomalistic value with certainty, and whatever the trend over time does is a reflection not of ‘reality’ outside Mauna Loa or even at Mauna Loa, but a direct reflection of the speed and direction at which the equipment there comes out of calibration.

    In the absolute best case, with the most dilligent and trustworthy actors: We are only measuring how the equipment is aging.

  68. michael hart says:
    November 14, 2013 at 7:24 am

    Not everyone is familiar with Maurice Strong. An introductory sentence or two would improve the article.

    He is James Hansen, Peter Glieck, Michael Mann, Al Gore, WWF, Greenpeace, KOCH BROTHERS all rolled into one. He has been on of the main architects of the CAGW fraud from the start. His career has included a couple of stints at Big Oil.

  69. - As ever what Tim Ball says makes a lot of sense & it’s consistent with the last 30 year temperature vs CO2 pattern. However why doesn’t everyone believe this already ?
    OK the outside world is controlled by the Green Fundamentalist Five percent so the media is censored and you don’t keep your job and your research institute get it grants unless you keep the IPCC party line. But you’d expect more scientists to be stepping through cracks in the woodwork. Where are the rest of the informed dissenters ?

  70. How can anyone deny the existence of a Great CO2 Causing Anthropogenic Global Warming conspiracy after reading the above essay by Dr. Tim Ball?

    Anyway, being the Devil’s Advocate that i am …. and even with my limited knowledge of the physics involved, … I still feel compelled to question the author’s commentary in Section – 7. Climate Sensitivity

    [quoting article] “Initially it was assumed that constantly increasing atmospheric CO2 created constantly increasing temperature. Then it was determined that the first few parts per million achieved the greenhouse capacity of CO2. Eschenbach graphed the reality (Figure 3)

    How is it possible for “more to equal less” when the quantity of CO2 in the atmosphere has nothing to do with the quantity of thermal energy that is radiating through the atmosphere and given the fact that all CO2 molecules have the same physical attributes how does one molecule limit another like molecule’s ability to absorb said energy?

    Now if there were only a specific or limited amount of energy available for absorption then I could agree with the above statement. But there is no such limit other than the number of hours of daylight.

    [quoting article] “It (CO2) is like black paint on a window. To block sunlight coming through a window the first coat of black paint achieves most of the reduction. Subsequent coats reduce fractionally less light.

    IMHO, that was a really bad example about CO2 because H2O vapor will not block the sunlight even at 40,000 ppm (4%). If one wants to compare cloud cover to black paint, then fine. But typically in reverse order to the above stated. In actuality, at 400 ppm the CO2 molecules are so far n’ few inbetween that one molecule of CO2 seldom ever “bumps” into another one.

    And I also have a problem with Milloy’s graph in Figure 4 …. as well as the cited commentary of Lindzen and Choi in their attempt to discredit the IPCC’s claims about CO2 …. but no problem with their conclusion of: “The results imply that the models are exaggerating climate sensitivity.

    But I’ll save that problem for another day.

    And ps: One can actually trust the “fossilized stomata record” because those plants were actually there at the time ….. and were “measuring” the CO2 ppm that was available for their use.

  71. Calibration is a major issue. Unfortunately the JAXA GOSAT satellite carbon dioxide measurements are also calibrated to ground-based measurements

  72. Very good paper summary of the state of the ‘art.’ A lot of it, as we used to say on the field, is obvious to the casual observer. I checked out Al’s DVD on truth a few years back and wondered why the thing passed the smell test. Evidence of the state of math and science education in the US, I suppose.

    What I wonder now is why we allow geologists and biologists, much less politicians, to represent interpretation of climate data and modeling when it’s clearly a physics issue. Opinions are fine but comparing a guy who’s expert on rocks with a radiation physicist should be noted at the end of the paper.

  73. Jquip says: @ November 13, 2013 at 7:13 pm

    Waitwaitwait. We calibrate our CO2 instruments from a sensor parked on the side of an active volcano? Which pencil neck thought this was a good idea? …
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Oh it is worse that that. Remember they had a large sink, the ocean also to hand. It made cherry picking very easy.

    At the Mauna Loa Observatory the measurements were taken with a new infra-red (IR) absorbing instrumental method, never validated versus the accurate wet chemical techniques. Critique has also been directed to the analytical methodology and sampling error problems (Jaworowski et al., 1992 a; and Segalstad, 1996, for further references), and the fact that the results of the measurements were “edited” (Bacastow et al., 1985); large portions of raw data were rejected, leaving just a small fraction of the raw data subjected to averaging techniques (Pales & Keeling, 1965)….

    Revelle foresaw the geochemical implications of the rise in atmospheric CO2 resulting from fossil fuel combustion, and he sought means to ensure that this ‘large scale geophysical experiment’, as he termed it, would be adequately documented as it occurred. During all stages of the present work Revelle was mentor, consultant, antagonist. He shared with us his broad knowledge of earth science and appreciation for the oceans and atmosphere as they really exist, and he inspired us to keep in sight the objectives which he had originally persuaded us to accept.” Is this the description of true, unbiased research?…

    http://www.co2web.info/ESEF3VO2.pdf

    And then from Mauna Loa step 4 of how they take measurements:

    4. In keeping with the requirement that CO2 in background air should be steady, we apply a general “outlier rejection” step, in which we fit a curve to the preliminary daily means for each day calculated from the hours surviving step 1 and 2, and not including times with upslope winds. All hourly averages that are further than two standard deviations, calculated for every day, away from the fitted curve (“outliers”) are rejected. This step is iterated until no more rejections occur.

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/about/co2_measurements.html

    This step is why I have major problems with the Assumption that CO2 is well mixed in the atmosphere.
    Graph of raw data link

    Graph after climatologists get through with the data manipulating: link

  74. J. Philip Peterson says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:30 pm

    Is Maurice Strong still alive?
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    He got caught with his hand in the cookie jar in the Food for Oil scandal and had to hightail it to China. Last I heard he was in Beijing China as an advisor to the Chinese government and on the board of a U.S.-based engineering and construction firm CH2M Hill.

    He has a website that is active.

  75. Jquip says: @ November 13, 2013 at 8:27 pm
    … The problem is calibrating other instruments from Mauna Loa. I don’t mean to call Dr. Ball into question, but the idea that this is the case is beyond absurd.
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Why would you say that?

    Round Robins and “matching” using a ‘standard’ is often done among labs owned by one corporation. Also this is not the first I hear of Mauna Loa controlling the calibration. After all it was the first lab and would be consider the ‘expert’

  76. A.D. Everard says:
    >>>>>>>>>>>
    Unfortunately the traitors are from within. Strong is a Canadian. He is aided by Al Gore and Bill Clinton, Americans, Tony Blair, UK Prime Minster, and Pascal Lamy, French…..

    Lamy (Director-General of WTO) made clear what the true goal is Global Governance and that the goal was agreed on back in the 1930s after WWI and the Great Depression. Strong served on the Commission on Global Governance.

  77. Dr. Ball,
    Thank You for this excellent summary! There is too much here to digest on my lunch break so I’ll have to return later for a more thorough ‘read’. You have written it beautifully though, in terms that most laymen with out the benefit of science or engineering degrees can understand.

    I think this is a ‘bookmark and distribute widely’ summary!
    MtK

  78. Konrad says:
    November 14, 2013 at 2:32 am
    In his exploration of “why”, Dr. Tim Ball misses an important point, money. More precisely money for the UN.

    Konrad,
    I agree. A news story is just breaking now about UN-IPCC feigning poverty while concealing fat slush funds.
    MtK
    UN carbon emissions reduction system awash in cash as it claims to face hard times.
    EXCLUSIVE: The United Nations-administered cap-and-trade system for reducing greenhouse gases is sitting on a cash hoard of close to $200 million, even as it warns of hard times ahead that could impede its mission.
    The cash cushion for the Geneva-based organization known as the Clean Development Mechanism, or CDM, amounts to more than 400 percent of the $45 million reserve that it considers a normal set-aside for rainy days, according to its recently published business plan for 2014-2015.

    http://www.foxnews.com/world/2013/11/14/un-carbon-emissions-reduction-system-awash-in-cash-as-it-claims-to-face-hard/?intcmp=latestnews

  79. Jquip says:
    November 14, 2013 at 10:01 am

    wayne: “Interesting, I always thought Keeling sent out a calibration gas sample of a known and accurate concentration which has its own set of problems. In that case if the calibration samples are off, everyone is off but since the calibration was deemed accurate no mother station adjustments would ever be made after the fact as they are assimilated each month.”

    Yes, exactly. And assuming all the best integrity of Keeling, Keeling is calibrating the gas samples with his own equipment….
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Normally the calibration sample for a Gas Chromatograph or an IR is done by taking pure samples and making up standards of various percents covering the range of interest. You would take a pure samples of CO2 and dilute it with dry nitrogen to 300 ppm, 325 ppm, 350 ppm, 375 ppm 400 ppm, 425 ppm, 450 ppm ,475 ppm and 500 ppm for example.
    (You then hope like heck you didn’t screw-up)

  80. “Strong was using the U.N. as a platform to sell a global environment crisis and the Global Governance Agenda.”
    <<<

    "In the early 1990's, shortly after the IPCC was organised, President Clinton's chief environmental scientist, Dr Robert Watson, told me that after he had helped get the production of Freon banned by the international community with the Montreal protocol, next on the list to be regulated was carbon dioxide. There was no mention of investigating the science behind the claim that global warming was man-made – only a specific policy outcome that the IPCC was going to support.
    Dr Watson later became one of the IPCC's directors, from 1997 to 2002."

    Roy Spencer

  81. Gail Combs: “(You then hope like heck you didn’t screw-up)”

    Yep. And this is the whole crux of it. For to know whether you did or didn’t screw up, you need calibrated equipment. Remember: We have only one site for this. If we had numerous people doing numerous calibrations then it reduces to a byzantine general problem and you crack open the statistics book.

    But one source, one site, doesn’t get you that. There are a multitude or problems in this. But it remains: It’s measuring the aging process of Keeling’s equipment. The only way for this to not be the case is to be producing samples, and calibrations, from multiple sources.

  82. Why and How the IPCC Demonized CO2 with Manufactured Information

    By guest essayist Tim Ball

    – – – – – – – –

    In his guest essay Tim Ball is saying that Maurice Strong is the sufficient and necessary reason for what Ball describes as the ‘why and how the IPCC demonized CO2 with manufactured Information’.

    I am not convinced by Tim Ball’s essay. In his finding that it was Maurice Strong, what does it explain about the past approximately half century of Western Civilization? I think it explains nothing about it. I think Tim Ball’s essay does not even try to explain it, he instead gives us a stereotyped villainous scapegoat (Maurice Strong) as merely necessary and sufficient.

    Insufficient and unnecessary is my evaluation.

    John

  83. Gail Combs: Most gas standards are started with gravimetric methods, which are more accurate than volumetric dilutions. Of course, getting it down to a few hundred ppm would be volumetric.

  84. Wow! what a story!

    Who need enemies if your friends tell such stories… Seems that Lewandowsky may be somewhere right about conspiracy theories amongst sceptics?

    To start with:

    Keeling’s son operates Mauna Loa and as Beck notes, “owns the global monopoly of calibration of all CO2measurements.” He is a co-author of the IPCC reports, that accept Mauna Loa and all other readings as representative of global levels.

    The calibration of CO2 levels in nitrogen (later in air) used to calibrate all equipment on all stations was first done by C.D. Keeling end 1950’s with a self made manometric apparatus (he knew glassblowing) with an accuracy of 1:40,000 for the simple reason that the available equipment used for CO2 measurements at that time was not beter than +/-3% of full scale or +/-10 ppmv CO2. With the procedures of calibration of the new NDIR equipment it was possible to reach +/- 0.1 ppmv in continuous measurements without much maintenance, reagens or manpower.
    See the fascinating autobiography of C.D. Keeling to maintain the funding of the measurements and his struggle with the different administrations:

    http://scrippsco2.ucsd.edu/publications/keeling_autobiography.pdf

    The manometric calibrator was still in service at the Scripps institute until a few years ago and did retire after 50 years of service.
    Meanwhile NOAA is now in charge of providing the necessary calibration gases to all laboratories which need them. These calibration gases are tested in several other laboratories, while others organisations use their own calibration gases, including Scripps who wasn’t happy to give their monopoly away. NOAA also maintains the 10 “baseline” stations for CO2 and a lot of other gases, including Mauna Loa, besides some 70 other “background” stations maintained by other groups from other countries.

    The shift from Scripps to NOAA [means] that Scripps still takes their own samples at Mauna Loa, measure with their own calibration gases and surely will be happy to catch the NOAA on any fault. Despite that, their results don’t differ more than 0.2 ppm from those of NOAA.

    Thus while there is only one official organisation which delivers the calibration gases, these are crossvalidated by several other laboratories of other organisations.
    See further the calibration proceduresas used at Mauna Loa and other stations:

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/about/co2_measurements.html

    Then, Mauna Loa is not the official “global” CO2 level or trend. The “global” CO2 level is the average of several ground level stations, Mauna Loa not included, but that hardly makes any difference for the trend:

    But the Mauna Loa trend is often used, as it is the longest continuous record of CO2 (the South Pole started earlier, but has a gap of a few years).

    So that is already a start…

  85. Excellent article. Comment on Strong is spot on. World control! Terrible consideration when we have witnesed such corruption in attempt to uphold ‘climate change.’

  86. Good article, Dr. Ball.
    I’ve always been impressed by the thought that the global atmospheric concentration is based on one measuring station on an active volcano on instruments that are not subject to any other calibration checks except that stations. That certainly solves the age old problem of getting two instruments to produce exactly the same values and having some referee checks for accuracy and precision. Dadgum, I sure do wish I had that luxury when I was running a QC lab. On second thought I don’t, because I wanted some assurance that the numbers we put out were correct and reproducible within statistical error.

    Now on to the amazing CO2 transport phenomena in which the global atmospheric CO2 concentration is the same today as the measurement in Hawaii. Seems to go against my experience with mixing anything.

  87. Now if there were only a specific or limited amount of energy available for absorption then I could agree with the above statement……

    Sam, there is for CO2.B
    etter do some homework on wavelengths.

  88. Sherlock1 says:

    November 14, 2013 at 6:32 am

    Brilliant essay by Tim Ball…
    Er – why isn’t it on every politician’s Christmas present list..?
    ######

    Could send it to UK Climate Change / Energy Minister daveye@parliament.uk
    Just in the interests of balance & education of coarse

  89. Gail Combs says:
    November 14, 2013 at 11:19 am

    This step is why I have major problems with the Assumption that CO2 is well mixed in the atmosphere.
    Graph of raw data link
    Graph after climatologists get through with the data manipulating: link

    Gail, you tell outright lies. I have shown you different times that the two links you provide are from different stations the noisy one is from Neuglobsow (as can be seen above the graph) near Berlin, Germany, midst of a forest and completely unsuitable for “background” measurements as too close to huge sinks and sources. The other is from Mace Head, coastal, Ireland, an actual “background” measuring station. Still the raw data in the latter.
    One time you can make a mistake, a second time you may have it forgotten, but three times is deliberately.

    For those interested the raw hourly aveaged data + stdv of Barrow, Mauna Loa, Samoa and the South Pole still are available at:
    ftp://ftp.cmdl.noaa.gov/ccg/co2/in-situ/

    You can compare them with the published “cleaned” data for the same stations:

    Look at the scale of the outliers: +4 ppmv for downslope winds from volcanic vents and -4 ppmv for upslope winds, slightly depleted by vegetation in the valley.
    For the yearly trend and average that makes no difference if you include or exclude the local disturbances. But as we are interested in “background” CO2, throw out the data which are clearly contaminated by local disturbances.

  90. I have more confidence in Fred Singer than in Tim Ball who has no background in climate science other than as a promoter of “pseudo-skepticism” including conspiracy theories.

    Here is what Singer has to say in an article, Tale of two Climate Hockeysticks, in American Thinker:

    “A more detailed interpretation of the CO2 curve leads to these additional conclusions:

    2. Various skeptics have suggested that CO2 levels were higher during the 19th century than they are today. There is nothing wrong per se with these old measurements — though they were performed by old-fashioned chemical methods rather than current infrared techniques. It just means that the data obtained were contaminated and were not representative of global concentrations of free-atmosphere CO2. Antarctic is reasonably free of contamination.

    3. It is often claimed by skeptics that the human contribution to atmospheric CO2 (from fossil-fuel burning) is tiny — less than a percent. The data clearly show that the contribution is 400 minus 280 parts per million (ppm) — roughly 30% of the current concentration.

    4. Extreme skeptics have often claimed that George Callender, the British pioneer of the global-warming story during the early 20th century, was hiding some higher CO2 values from ice cores that approached present values. This does not seem to be the case.

    5. From time to time, skeptics have claimed that the CO2 increase was mainly due to global warming, which caused the release of dissolved CO2 from the ocean surface into the atmosphere. (A recent adherent of this hypothesis is Prof. Murry Salby in Australia.) However, the evidence appears to go against such an inverted causal relation. While this process may have been true during the ice ages, the isotope evidence seems to indicate that the human contribution from fossil-fuel burning clearly dominates during the last 100 years.

    6. Finally, note that the temperature ‘blade’ starts around 1910, while CO2 starts its sharp upward climb around 1780AD.”

    http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/08/a_tale_of_two_climate_hockeysticks.html#ixzz2h7ZyRVmo

    You can very well stick to the facts and still be a skeptic.

  91. “…You can stop the engine in two ways; cut off the fuel supply or plug the exhaust…”
    Well no, actually you can stop the engine 4 ways, the other two are “stop the air supply” and “apply an overload”.
    A bit pedantic, I suppose, but a rotten analogy sort of seriously weakens the argument.

  92. Ferdinand Engelbeen: “But as we are interested in “background” CO2, throw out the data which are clearly contaminated by local disturbances.”

    Unfortunately, we don’t have any reliable calibration of the instruments that measure that. So if we’re throwing out unreliable data, so go — apparently — every CO2 station.

  93. I don’t understand why the push from the Nuclear Industry is overlooked. A very influential group of scientists (I believe that one was a director of Central Intelligence for a year and is a chemistry professor now) jumped on the band wagon in 1980 if not earlier. They were founded by nuclear physicists in the 50s.

    The move to electric cars was pushed in the 90s and a 2006 tried to convince us that Big Oil stopped the development of the electric car when battery technology was always the issue. Why do it when the sudden surge in demand for electricity would not be met by renewable energy sources. A sudden shift to electric cars would only mean more nuclear power plants would be needed.

    And Graham from Sydney, Shakespeare couldn’t spell his own name. Biggest imbecile that there ever was?

  94. About the late Ernst Beck.

    Please don’t take it against me that i don’t agree to a large extent with the results of the late Ernst Beck. I had years of correct discussions with him before his untimely death. So, while he can’t defend his work anymore, I can’t let it pass without comment.

    The problem of most of the historical measurements is not the equipment (with a few exceptions) which in general was accurate to +/- 10 ppmv. The main poblem was where was measured: in the middle of towns (Paris, Boston,…), forests (diurnal variation of hunderds of ppm’s), under and inbetween leaves of growing crops,…
    Ernst Beck lumped all data together: the good, the bad and the ugly, thus his results were the average of 200 ppmv near leaves in the US and 600 ppmv at a mountain slope in Austria without much quality control (some data were from equipment accurate to +/- 150 ppmv)… Here a few days from modern data measured at Linden/Giessen were a long series of historical data were taken around 1942:

    All data are raw data, thus including all the outliers at Mauna Loa like volcanic vents etc.
    The historical samples were taken three times a day, which that alone already did give a bias of +40 ppmv. See further:

    http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/beck_data.html

    A similar problem occurs with stomata data: stomata index data are measured on land plants which reflect the average CO2 level of the previous growing season. Thus with a local bias in CO2 level. The SI is calibrated against direct measurements, firn and ice cores over the past century. But nobody knows how the local bias changed over the pevious centuries from land changes in the main wind direction. Even the main wind direction may have changed (MWP-LIA…). Thus if there is a discrepancy between ice core and stomata CO2 data, I prefer the ice core data for the most accurate average, while the stomata data may better reflect the variability over short term.

  95. John Whitman says: @ November 14, 2013 at 1:04 pm
    In his guest essay Tim Ball is saying that Maurice Strong is the sufficient and necessary reason for what Ball describes as the ‘why and how the IPCC demonized CO2 with manufactured Information’.

    I am not convinced by Tim Ball’s essay. In his finding that it was Maurice Strong….
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Maurice Strong was a key player but he certainly was not the ‘King Pin’ He was just a well rewarded intelligent go-for.

    The following three excerpts are not from ‘Conspiracy Theorists’ but from well known and respected men…

    The two time Director-General of the World Trade Organization, Pascal Lamy stated in an article:

    The reality is that, so far, we have largely failed to articulate a clear and compelling vision of why a new global order matters — and where the world should be headed. Half a century ago, those who designed the post-war system — the United Nations, the Bretton Woods system, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) — were deeply influenced by the shared lessons of history.

    All had lived through the chaos of the 1930s — when turning inwards led to economic depression, nationalism and war. All, including the defeated powers, agreed that the road to peace lay with building a new international order — and an approach to international relations that questioned the Westphalian, sacrosanct principle of sovereignty…

    http://www.theglobalist.com/pascal-lamy-whither-globalization/

    So there is the goal stated plainly.

    From a book by President Woodrow Wilson

    The Anglo-American Establishment 1961
    Pg. 24:
    Since I entered politics, I have chiefly had men’s views confided to me privately. Some of the biggest men in the United States, in the field of commerce and manufacture, are afraid of somebody, are afraid of something. They know that there is a power somewhere so organized, so subtle, so watchful, so interlocked, so complete, so pervasive, that they had better not speak above their breath when they speak in condemnation of it.

    They know that America is not a place of which it can be said, as it used to be, that a man may choose his own calling and pursue it just as far as his abilities enable him to pursue it; because to-day, if he enters certain fields, there are organizations which will use means against him that will prevent his building up a business which they do not want to have built up; organizations that will see to it that the ground is cut from under him and the markets shut against him…

    I watched this happen to the corporation I was working for that was headed by a ‘Maverick.’ All of a sudden out of nowhere a nationwide front page environmental campaign against his company blew-up in his face and just about bankrupted his company. This was less than a month before the TV ads were to be aired on a joint venture between McDonald’s, Sweetheart Plastic and Polysar announcing a new plant for recycling McDonald’s post consumer polystyrene dinnerware. It was even designed to use handicapped labor. In Massachusetts alone, five plants were closed as the result of a NH grade school teacher’s campaign against Polystyrene. Now consider the trouble we have to get a word in edge wise about CAGW. Yeah, Right and I am going to believe some New Hampshire teacher has this much power? (Story was later changed to some teenager as the heroine.)

    Finally President Bill Clinton’s mentor Carroll Quigley wrote a book:

    The Anglo-American Establishment 1981
    pg 3
    One wintry afternoon in February 1891, three men were engaged in earnest conversation in London. From that conversation were to flow consequences of the greatest importance to the British Empire and to the world as a whole. For these men were organizing a secret society that was, for more than fifty years, to be one of the most important forces in the formulation and execution of British imperial and foreign policy.

    The three men who were thus engaged were already well known in England. The leader was Cecil Rhodes, fabulously wealthy empire-builder and the most important person in South Africa. The second was William T. Stead, the most famous, and probably also the most sensational, journalist of the day. The third was Reginald Baliol Brett, later known as Lord Esher, friend and confidant of Queen Victoria, and later to be the most influential adviser of King Edward VII and King George V.

    … the three drew up a plan of organization for their secret society and a list of original members. The plan of organization provided for an inner circle, to be known as “The Society of the Elect,” and an outer circle, to be known as “The Association of Helpers.” Within The Society of the Elect, the real power was to be exercised by the leader, and a “Junta of Three.” The leader was to be Rhodes, and the junta was to be Stead, Brett, and Alfred Miler. In accordance with this decision, Miter was added to the society by Stead …

    The creation of this secret society was not a matter of a moment… Rhodes had been planning for this event for more than seventeen years. Stead had been introduced to the plan on 4 April 1889, and Brett had been told of it on 3 February 1890. Nor was the society thus founded an ephemeral thing, for, in modified form, it exists to this day. From 1891 to 1902, it was known to only a score of persons. During this period, Rhodes was leader, and Stead was the most influential member. From 1902 to 1925, Milner was leader, while Philip Kerr (Lord Lothian) and Lionel Curtis were probably the most important members. From 1925 to 1940, Kerr was leader, and since his death in 1940 this role has probably been played by Robert Henry Brand (now Lord Brand).

    During this period of almost sixty years, this society has been called by various names. During the first decade or so it was called “the secret society of Cecil Rhodes” or “the dream of Cecil Rhodes.” In the second and third decades of its existence it was known as “Milner’s Kindergarten” (1901-1910) and as “the Round Table Group” (1910-1920). Since 1920 it has been called by various names…

    Tough to call these men tin foil hat ‘Conspiracy Theorists’

  96. Bob Greene says:
    November 14, 2013 at 1:34 pm

    “I’ve always been impressed by the thought that the global atmospheric concentration is based on one measuring station on an active volcano on instruments that are not subject to any other calibration checks except that stations.”

    There are more than one measuring station and all of them show the same data. Please read:

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/insitu.html

  97. Jquip says:
    November 14, 2013 at 2:39 pm

    Unfortunately, we don’t have any reliable calibration of the instruments that measure that. So if we’re throwing out unreliable data, so go — apparently — every CO2 station.

    Sorry, but that is what the story want to believe you, but in reality calibration mixtures are centrally made by NOAA, crossvalidated by different labs of different organisations and then used by all stations. Three calibration gases are injected each hour, spanning the expected range of CO2. A fourth calibration gas outside the range is injected every 25 hours and compared to the three others.

    Each station works on it own, there is no synchronizing between Mauna Loa and other stations, as that would be impossible: there is a lag in CO2 increase between the NH and the SH and there is a lag with altitude and there is a much larger seasonal variation at ground level than at altitude in the NH and much less in the SH:

    So there is no problem to throw out outliers, which are specific for a station: volcanic vents are only with downwind conditions from certain directions and cause a huge variability in CO2 within an hour and are excluded for averaging, measurements with wind from land side for coastal stations are excluded, etc…
    In fact it is a luxury problem: even throwing out 99% of the data stil yields so many left that one can plot the trend (even from biweekly flask samples). Compare that to the 3 samples per day of the historical measurements.

  98. Fedinand: “Sorry, but that is what the story want to believe you, but in reality calibration mixtures are centrally made by NOAA, crossvalidated by different labs of different organisations and then used by all stations.”

    So your claim is that it is false that Mauna Loa is the sole calibration souce. And that there are no worries because NOAA is the sole calibration source. Then there’s still two problems. The first is that Mauna Loa is under the NOAA umbrella: “NOAA doesn’t do it, NOAA does.” The second is that it’s still a single calibration souce.

  99. Ferdinand Engelbeen, you accuse Gail Combs of lying.-well I accuse you of putting forward false information (is that lying also ?). It is clear that you have never measured CO2 with a instrument based on chemical means. They work by absorbing or adsorbing CO2 passed through a chemical, such as KOH, in solution or through a column solid granules. The absorbing or adsorbing medium can be analysed for the quantity CO2 removed from the gas. The accuracy depends on the care of measurements of the volume of gas and the analyses. The absolute reading depends on the volume of gas passed through. It is possible to detect 1ppm by passing through enough volume.
    I have corresponded with E-G Beck while he was alive. I have a lot of respect for his Germanic thoroughness and integrity. I respect his daughter for maintaining his web site http://www.biomind.de/realCO2/realCO2-1.htm . There you will find details of the many scientists (some awarded Noble prizes at a time when these had some meaning) who measured CO2 in the atmosphere. I am a humble chemical engineer with experience in heat transfer. I can say I have made many measurements of CO2 including in the atmosphere and at a higher level than presently claimed for the average background level.

  100. RE: Elaine Dewar spent several days with Maurice Strong at the UN and concluded in her book The Cloak of Green that, “Strong,the Father of Global Warming was using the U.N. as a platform to sell a global environment crisis and the Global Governance Agenda.”
    Strong, your ordinary billionaire socialist, once tried to steal the sell the people of Colorado back their own water (he bought land on the state’s biggest aquifer and tried to claim ownership but was stopped, so he has moved on to selling air he doesn’t own. He is in China now that his daughter stole $20 million from the UN’s Food for Peace.

  101. Tim Ball said in his guest essay,

    “. . .

    To further assure the predetermined outcome the IPCC set out to prove rather than disprove the hypothesis as scientific methodology requires. As Karl Popper said,

    “It is the rule which says that the other rules of scientific procedure must be designed in such a way that they do not protect any statement in science against falsification.”

    [from Popper's 'Logic of Scientific Discovery' (1959 but original work published in 1934) page 54]

    . . .”

    – – – – – – – –

    Due to serious problems found in his earlier work, Popper revealed in a much later major work a support of logical positivist philosophy’s view of the basis of science.

    Therefore in another work, years later than his work that the quote above was taken from, Popper also said (‘Conjectures and Refutations {London: 1963} page 48),

    “When Kant said, ‘Our
    intellect does not draw its laws from nature but imposes its laws upon nature’, he was right. But in thinking that these laws are necessarily true [all intellects perceive the law], or that we necessarily succeed in imposing them upon nature, he was wrong.”

    Does that look like Feynmanian observation based science or does it look like ‘thinking makes the observation support it’? I think it is the latter and I think it is the essence of the science that is being promoted in the AR5 (and in previous ARs) by the intellects of the IPCC Bureau.

    John

    Personal Note => I remind everyone that Kant is fundamentally a dual reality / dual epistemological philosophy supporter; namely there exists a true reality/knowledge that we cannot know and another reality/knowledge we experience which isn’t true reality/knowledge.

  102. > The percentages troubled the IPCC so they amplified the importance of CO2 by estimating the “contribution” per unit (Figure 2). The range of estimates effectively makes the measures meaningless, unless you have a political agenda.

    Tim Ball doesn’t understand the chart.

    Those aren’t ranges, Darl. The bottom value is the proportion of the warming that would drop if you removed the greenhouse gas, the top is the proportion of the warming that would remain if you removed all the other greenhouse gasses. The difference is the overlap between greenhouse gasses.

    You’re welcome.

  103. For the entire picture of the Maurice Strong’s Agenda 21 Crap and the realization that the UN including our political establishment is waging a war on our civilization (yes, that includes you) while we are expected to make polite and civil conversation with warmista’s.

    I think we’re wasting our time debunking their crap and start stocking up on “Tar & Feathers”
    (and rope, the kind of rope that is thin enough to make a knot and thick enough not to damage the trunks of the trees). We all love trees don’t we.

    http//green-agenda.com

  104. John Whitman: “Does that look like Feynmanian observation based science or does it look like ‘thinking makes the observation support it’? ”

    ” But in thinking that … we necessarily succeed in imposing them upon nature, he was wrong.”

    Other way around. Popper is stating that we can impose our intellect on nature in the same way we impose ourselves on a girl we want to date. In both we’re hopeful, perhaps mad, but that doesn’t mean she’ll agree to it.

  105. Jquip says:
    November 14, 2013 at 4:04 pm

    So your claim is that it is false that Mauna Loa is the sole calibration souce. And that there are no worries because NOAA is the sole calibration source. Then there’s still two problems. The first is that Mauna Loa is under the NOAA umbrella: “NOAA doesn’t do it, NOAA does.” The second is that it’s still a single calibration souce.

    Somebody must prepare the calibration mixtures. That is as good the case for CO2 mixtures as for blood sugar tests or anything measurable in any lab. The CO2 mixtures then are crossvalidated against mixtures prepared by other labs to be sure that the calibration gases are as accurate as claimed.
    Even so, other laboratories prepare their own calibration gases and measure CO2 at a lot of other places. Scripps still makes its own calibration gases and takes its own (flask) samples at Mauno Loa, independent of NOAA. So there is a cross validation of the main calibration source with other calibration sources and for Mauna Loa a crossvalidation of the values found with a different set of calibration gases…

  106. cementafriend says:
    November 14, 2013 at 5:39 pm

    Ferdinand Engelbeen, you accuse Gail Combs of lying.-well I accuse you of putting forward false information (is that lying also ?).

    Lying is when you provide wrong information while have been warned that it is wrong. It is a word that I very seldom use, as many, myself included, make mistakes. But if one repeat the same wrong information, as Gail did after three times warned that the information is wrong, then it is clearly lying. Except if Gail has a serious loss of memory (as I have sometimes…).

    About Ernst Beck’s data: I had about three years discussion with him and even once a full day together at the home of Arthur Rörsch in Leiden (Netherlands) to discuss things out. I studied about everything he published on his website, especially the sources he quoted for the 1935-1945 period, the most recent CO2 “peak” according to his compilation.

    Indeed some historical methods were quite accurate. But most analyses were not better than 3% of the measured value, thus not better than +/- 10 ppmv. Besides that there is not the slightest information about the calibration of the real life series, the preparation of the samples and reagens, the aging of the reagens, the skill of the people doing the analyses, etc…

    But that all is not the main problem of the historical data. The main problem is where was measured. You can’t have any reliable CO2 data from places in the middle of Paris, in the middle of a forest, inbetween growing agricultural crops, etc. with one or even with three samples a day.
    Beck used all of them and then declared that there was a “peak” of some 80 ppmv around 1942.
    It is possible (but largely improbable) to have an outburst of CO2 from the oceans, equivalent to burning down 1/3rd of all land vegetation in seven years time. But it is impossible to absorb that again in 7 years time.

    Further, there is not the slightest peak seen in other direct measurements (ice cores) or proxies (stomata data, coralline sponges) with sufficient resolution around 1942.

    Thus while I do admire the tremendous amount of work done by the late Ernst Beck, I only can disagree with the results of his compilation.

  107. Then about the late Jaworowski:

    In a paper submitted to the US Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation Hearing Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski stated,

    “The basis of most of the IPCC conclusions on anthropogenic causes and on projections of climatic change is the assumption of low level of CO2 in the pre-industrial atmosphere. This assumption, based on glaciological studies, is false.”

    Take a look at the paper by Jaworowski (no matter if it was really sent to the Senate Committee):

    http://www.warwickhughes.com/icecore/

    There are two graphs which show that the CO2 data from the Siple Dome ice core were shifted an “arbitrary” 83 years to match the Mauna Loa CO2 data.

    But there is nothing arbitary about the shift: the average age of the gas bubbles is much younger than the age of the surrounding ice, for the simple reason that the pores of the snow/firn still are open many years after the snow did fall. That makes that air exchanges/migration continues until the density of the firn is high enough to sufficiently reduce the pores and prevent further migration. A nice overview of that process is given at:

    http://courses.washington.edu/proxies/GHG.pdf

    Neftel calculated the (at that time rough) average age of the gas bubbles from the pore diameters and also saw that there was a remelt layer at near 70 m depth. Remelt layers prevent further vertical migration and thus the average gas age doesn’t get younger anymore compared to the ice age at the same depth. According to Neftel:

    Based on porosity measurements the time lag between the mean age of the gas and the age of the ice was determined to be 95 yr and the duration of the close-off process to be 22 yr. These values are, of course, evaluated for one particular core representing the present situation (1983), assuming a homogeneous enclosure process and not taking into account the sealing effect of observed impermeable layers.
    Further:
    Because of the layers between 68 and 69 m.b.s., the air below is already completely isolated, about 7 m above the debt obtained assuming a homogeneous enclosure. Consequently, for this core, the difference between ice and mean gas age is only 80-85 yr instead of 95 yr as estimated previously.

    I asked Jaworowski in a personal mail why he insisted on this “arbitrary” shift. According to him, there is no difference in age between the gas phase and ice phase in ice cores, as all ice remelts and closes the pores from the beginning.
    Even if that only happened once in 83 years in the Siple Dome ice core…

    Further, he says that one finds too low values in ice cores, because CO2 (by preference?) escapes through cracks in the ice after drilling, relaxation and transport. I asked him how one can have migration from 180-300 ppmv inside the ice to 360-400 ppmv in outside air.
    Never had an answer.
    That closed the door for me…

    Let him rest in peace, together with his ideas about ice cores…

    See further:

    http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/jaworowski.html

  108. A slight deviation from the discussion however, I am trying to find concrete information to support the claim there is a “lag” between changes in CO2 concentration and temperatures of some ~800 years. I used to have links but I rebuild my laptop recently and lost it all. Does anyone have any reliable information on this?

  109. John Tiller says:

    November 14, 2013 at 6:23 pm

    “Strong, your ordinary billionaire socialist, once tried to steal the sell the people of Colorado back their own water (he bought land on the state’s biggest aquifer and tried to claim ownership but was stopped, so he has moved on to selling air he doesn’t own. He is in China now that his daughter stole $20 million from the UN’s Food for Peace”

    These seem to be very serious accusations, especially the last sentence. Can you enlarge on your statement so that the.facts can be brought out into the open in an endeavour to shame these people, if that is ever possible?.

  110. Ferdinand Engelbeen – thankyou for putting so much effort into countering Tim Ball’s points. I would welcome WUWT granting you space to put your own essay, so that we can clearly read your points.

  111. Tim Clark says:
    November 14, 2013 at 1:43 pm

    [quoting Sam] “Now if there were only a specific or limited amount of energy available for absorption then I could agree with the above statement……

    Sam, there is for CO2. Better do some homework on wavelengths.
    ———————–

    Are you now asserting that the wavelengths (energy) that CO2 is subject to …. cease to be emitted from their sources after the first 20+- ppm of CO2 achieves their maximum Specific Heat Capacity?

    Tim C, ….. I did my homework, and for two reasons. First, to verify my comments before posting, …. and secondly, in anticipation that my comments would likely be questioned.

    CO2 is not a singularity, but is only one of the many “players” upon the field of play (atmosphere), all of which are capable of absorbing and emitting thermal energy to one another, but with specific individual Rules that govern their aforesaid actions.

    Anyway, Lindzen and Choi et el states in the cited reference noted by the author that, to wit, with emphasis on the “boldfaced text”:

    —————————
    Within all current climate models, water vapor increases with increasing temperature so as to further inhibit infrared cooling. Clouds also change so that their visible reflectivity decreases, causing increased solar absorption and warming of the earth.

    However, with the annual time scale, the signal of short-term feedback associated with water vapor and clouds can be contaminated by unknown timevarying radiative forcing in nature, and the feedbacks cannot be accurately diagnosed (Spencer, 2010).
    ————————

    Thus said. the way I see it is, …… “what is good for the goose (H2O vapor) …. is also good for the gander (CO2)”.

    Any increase in ppm has the potential of causing an increase in warming of the atmosphere.

    And if the feedback (energy emissions) associated with water vapor cannot be accurately diagnosed because of the unknown timevarying radiative forcing in nature, ….. then the feedback (energy emissions) associated with CO2 cannot be accurately diagnosed because of the unknown timevarying radiative forcing in nature, ….. simply because they are both subject to the same explicit Rules

    And the following are statements which I copied from said “explicit Rules”, to wit:

    —————————————————
    Lecture 7
    Absorption/emission by atmospheric gases. Solar, IR and microwave spectra of main atmospheric gases . Ref: http://www.heliosat3.de/e-learning/remote-sensing/Lec7.pdf

    Review of main underlying physical principles of molecular absorption/emission:

    1) The origins of absorption/emission lie in exchanges of energy between gas molecules and electromagnetic field.

    2) In general, total energy of a molecule can be given as: E = Erot+ Evib+ Eel + Etr

    [snip]

    NOTE: The above dependence on pressure is very important because atmospheric pressure varies by an order of 3 from the surface to about 40 km.

    • The Lorentz profile is fundamental in the radiative transfer in the lower atmosphere where the pressure is high.

    • The collisions between like molecules (self-broadening) produces the large linewidths than do collisions between unlike molecules (foreign broadening). Because radiatively active gases have low concentrations, the foreign broadening often dominates in infrared radiative transfer.
    ————————————

    I do not believe it is humanly possible for anyone to measure the warming effect of the lesser quantity (398 ppm) of gas (CO2) in a mixture of two different gases when the quantity of the greater volume of gas (H2O vapor) is constantly changing (10,000 ppm to 40,000 ppm) from hour to hour, day to day and week to week.

    Especially when said greater volume of gas (H2O vapor) has a potentially 239.2 greater “warming” potential for said mixture than does the lesser volume of said gas (CO2) in said mixture.

    Cheers

  112. Folks, the entire edifice of CAGW is based on the one assumption that CO2 is well mixed in the atmosphere and therefore a single measurement at Manua Loa or the poles is an accurate representation of global CO2. That is why Ferdinand defends this position at all costs. Without the acceptance of “CO2 is Well-Mixed” all the CO2 measurements are meaningless in showing there has been a global increase. This is why the work of Dr. Zbigniew Jaworowski and Ernst Beck has to be trashed. Their work refutes the leg the Hoax stands on.
    …………….
    Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 15, 2013 at 2:31 am
    ……..Lying is when you provide wrong information while have been warned that it is wrong. …….But if one repeat the same wrong information, as Gail did after three times warned that the information is wrong, then it is clearly lying. Except if Gail has a serious loss of memory (as I have sometimes…).
    >>>>>>>>>>>>>
    Ferdinand
    WHO made YOU GOD? who pronounces from on high who is and is not telling the truth?

    You are an unknown on the internet who also claims someone like Zbigniew Jaworowski is wrong and should be buried along with all he has said. See link

    You are also contradicting yourself. You are constantly say that CO2 is well mixed in the atmosphere and then you say:
    ” I have shown you different times that the two links you provide are from different stations the noisy one is from Neuglobsow (as can be seen above the graph) near Berlin, Germany, midst of a forest and completely unsuitable for “background” measurements as too close to huge sinks and sources. The other is from Mace Head, coastal, Ireland, an actual “background” measuring station. “

    Well if CO2 is “Well Mix” it should not matter WHERE the data was from because WELL MIXED means uniform and if it is NOT uniform it is NOT well mixed.

    You really need to get your story straight. Personally I quit reading what you say a year or so ago and you are just about the only one here at WUWT I do not bother to waste my time reading.

  113. Gail Combs says:
    November 14, 2013 at 11:19 am
    Graph of raw data

    http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/gmd/wdcgg/cgi-bin/wdcgg/quick_plot.cgi?imagetype=png&dataid=200702142827

    Graph after climatologists get through with the data manipulating:

    http://ds.data.jma.go.jp/gmd/wdcgg/cgi-bin/wdcgg/quick_plot.cgi?imagetype=png&dataid=200906040013

    =============
    looking at the two graphs it appears CO2 measurements are not nearly as simple or as reliable as we are led to believe.

  114. I’m always surprised when people dismiss other peoples points of view as “conspiracy theories”.

    people get together all the time and reach agreements that are in their best interests. this is what people do. when these agreements go against other people’s interests, as they often are, they are rarely publicized. this is simply being prudent.

    this goes on all over the world, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. People making agreements to benefit themselves at other peoples expense. agreements that rarely reach the light of day because if they did, it would harm the interests of the people that made the agreement. so they don’t talk about it, except on occasion, behind closed doors.

    there is no conspiracy theory required in any of this. it is simply what people do. make deals to further their own interests at the expense of “others”. these agreements are necessarily kept secret, lest the “others” take action against the agreement.

  115. Gail Combs says:
    November 15, 2013 at 5:36 am

    Gail, I have repeatedly told you that the data you compared are from two different stations, one in the middle of a forest, the other coastal with winds mostly from the SW over the ocean. Thus nothing to do with “cleaning” the data and thus not comparable, and as bad for the forest based station as for 90% of the historical data collected by the late Ernst Beck.

    I have repeatedly told you that one can find background data in over 95% of the atmosphere: over the oceans from sea level up to the stratosphere and over land above the first few hundred meters: all within +/- 2% of full scale, despite a 20% exchange of all CO2 in the atmosphere over the seasons within a year.
    Below a few hundred meters, there are huge diurnal changes in sources and sinks over a day over land, which are not leveled off if there is no sufficient wind speed. Thus measuring CO2 near ground over land is as problematic as measuring the air temperature over an asphalted parking lot or near a barbeque or an AC unit outlet. All skeptics know that that is wrong, but some skeptics insist that one should include CO2 measurements of similar problematic places. A little more consequence in skepticism would make skeptics a more reliable source of information in the eye of the public (never mind the “warmers”)…

    But if you don’t read what I wrote, then you can repeat whatever you want without lying: simply by ignoring what you don’t like to read…

  116. ferd berple says:
    November 15, 2013 at 5:39 am

    Ferd, the data are not manipulated, the data are from two different stations, one in a forest (the noisy one), the other coastal with wind mostly coming in from the Atlantic Ocean. Both datasets are the raw data.
    That is what Gail didn’t tell you and why I am quite angry about her manipulation…

    So, which one would you choose to tell you what the “background” CO2 levels are?

  117. stewgreen says:
    November 15, 2013 at 4:18 am

    Ferdinand Engelbeen – thank you for putting so much effort into countering Tim Ball’s points. I would welcome WUWT granting you space to put your own essay, so that we can clearly read your points.

    I already had that honor three years ago:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/08/05/why-the-co2-increase-is-man-made-part-1/

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/08/20/engelbeen-on-why-he-thinks-the-co2-increase-is-man-made-part-2/

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/09/16/engelbeen-on-why-he-thinks-the-co2-increase-is-man-made-part-3/

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/09/24/engelbeen-on-why-he-thinks-the-co2-increase-is-man-made-part-4/

    It triggered hundreds of comments and the discussions still go on between a few diehards (myself included) up to today…

  118. Richard Sharpe says:
    November 15, 2013 at 6:50 am

    Is CO2 well mixed? What is the definition of well mixed?

    More or less:

    If a huge change in a gas or liquid at some point is rapidely dispersed in the rest of the gas or liquid.

    In the case of ozone: that is not well mixed, as its destruction is faster than its equatorial topolar distribution over the stratosphere.
    In the case of methane: that is well mixed for most of the troposphere, but not for near and in the stratosphere.
    In the case of CO2: that is well mixed in most of the atmosphere as huge (seasonal) changes are leveled off to 10% of the change in a a few months.

  119. Gail Combs on November 14, 2013 at 3:29 pm said

    @John Whitman says on November 14, 2013 at 1:04 pm

    In his guest essay Tim Ball is saying that Maurice Strong is the sufficient and necessary reason for what Ball describes as the ‘why and how the IPCC demonized CO2 with manufactured Information’.

    I am not convinced by Tim Ball’s essay. In his finding that it was Maurice Strong, what does it explain about the past approximately half century of Western Civilization? I think it explains nothing about it. I think Tim Ball’s essay does not even try to explain it, he instead gives us a stereotyped villainous scapegoat (Maurice Strong) as merely necessary and sufficient.

    Insufficient and unnecessary is my evaluation.

    John

    Maurice Strong was a key player but he certainly was not the ‘King Pin’ He was just a well rewarded intelligent go-for.

    The following three excerpts are not from ‘Conspiracy Theorists’ but from well known and respected men…

    . . .

    Tough to call these men tin foil hat ‘¢on$piracy Theorists’.

    – – – – – – – – –

    Gail Combs,

    Thanks for engaging with my comment. A pleasure.

    As you can read in my comment (quoted above in full for convenience) I do not think Tim Ball is (using your terminology from your comment ) a “tin foil hat ‘¢on$piracy Theorist’”. Regarding Elaine Dewar (the reporter who Tim Ball quotes regarding Maurice Strong’s global aspirations), I do not know if she has tendencies toward being a “tin foil hat ‘¢on$piracy Theorist’” and likewise I do not know that about the men you discussed in your comment.

    I think Tim Ball sees certain people with certain world views (philosophies) as inimical to his world view and inimical to the world view informing the basis of Western Culture / Civilization / Science. As most intellects do. As I do, although we essentially disagree on: who they are; and our assessments of what their world views are; assigning significance of risk; his world views versus mine.

    My criticism of Tim Ball’s essay (that emphasizes Maurice Strong) is it does not contain necessary or sufficient discussion to explain the phenomena we see in the philosophy of science. Philosophy of Science phenomena seen for at least the last ~50 years (and probably for the last ~150+ years) as now practiced by the various bodies / institutions / academies in support of ideologies surrounding CAGW / AGW / GW.

    I do greatly appreciate Tim Ball’s efforts to keep so many people so intensely focused on the problematic scientific processes and philosophies that have culminated in the IPCC. It is an immensely important topic. Thank you Tim Ball.

    John

  120. What the CO2 current debate from the Al Gore fraud side is a “rear guard” action.
    A head fake deal to cover the retreat and movement of the “lie base” to a new attack method.

    None of what they do is fact based, it is all media cover stories to keep the truth from seeing the light of day.
    All the political contributions to get the liar Democrats elected is spent also to cover the truth with gold covered lies and fraud.

    November of 2014 is the most important date in recent times to over throw the lie based crime operation in our U.S. Senate and House.

    Take Action Now.

  121. I do not have much time today but I wanted to say something more about my major objection to the party line on CO2.

    The basic message from the IPCC is that the climate was constant until mankind and the industrial age mucked it up. To support this they needed two pieces of evidence. A study showing constant temperature with a sharp rise during the modern age (Enter Mann and his hockey stitck) and a similar CO2 hockey stick.

    Mann was able for a short time to erase the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. With CO2 it was a bit more of a problem because as Beck showed there was plenty of date from the 19th century.

    Also Jaworowski and Segalstad’s information showed there were different methods of analyzing ice core CO2 and the high readings were found if you use the entire sample instead of just the bubble. See Segalstad’s site http://www.co2web.info/ for the actual information.

    Lucy Skywalker covers some of this in a simpler form:

    THE PERIOD OF HIGH CO2 READINGS
    After 1980 most of the studies of CO2 in glaciers were carried out on Greenland and Artarctic ice by Swiss and French research groups; one core was studied in an Australian laboratory. A striking feature of the data published until about 1985 is the high concentrations of CO2 in air extracted from both pre-industrial and ancient ice, often much higher than in the contemporary atmosphere (Table 1).

    Fig. 2.[shows] Concentration of CO2 in a 90-cm long section of a Camp Century (Greenland) ice core. The lower curve represents 15 min. “wet” extraction from melted ice and “dry” extraction; the upper curve 7 hours “wet” extraction. Redrawn after Stauffer et al (1981)

    For example, in 11 samples of about 185-year-old ice from Dye 3 (Greenland) an average CO2 concentration of 660 ppm was measured in the air bubbles (using the “dry” extraction method), with a range of 290 – 2450 ppm (Stauffer et al 1985). In a deep ice core from Camp Century (Greenland), covering the last 40,000 years, Neftel et al (1982) found CO2 concentrations in the air bubbles ranging between 273 and 436 ppm (average 327 ppm). They also found that in an ice core of similar age from Byrd Station (Antarctica) these concentrations ranged between 257 and 417 ppm. Both these deep cores were heavily fractured and contaminated with drilling fluid. Neftel et al (1982) arbitrarily assumed that “the lowest CO2 values best represent the CO2 concentrations of the originally trapped air”.

    Using the same dry extraction method, in the same segment of an ice core from a depth of 1616.21m in Dye 3 (Greenland), Neftel et al (1983) found a CO2 concentration of 773 ppm in the air bubbles. Two years later, Stauffer et al (1985) reported only about half of this concentration (410 ppm).

    It appears from Table 1 that the change from high to low CO2 values reported for polar ice occurred in the middle of 1985….
    http://www.greenworldtrust.org.uk/Science/Scientific/CO2-ice-HS.htm

    WELL MIXED ASSUMPTION

    At Mauna Loa we use the following data selection criteria:

    3. There is often a diurnal wind flow pattern on Mauna Loa ….. The upslope air may have CO2 that has been lowered by plants removing CO2 through photosynthesis at lower elevations on the island,…. Hours that are likely affected by local photosynthesis are indicated by a “U” flag in the hourly data file, and by the blue color in Figure 2. The selection to minimize this potential non-background bias takes place as part of step 4. At night the flow is often downslope, bringing background air. However, that air is sometimes contaminated by CO2 emissions from the crater of Mauna Loa. As the air meanders down the slope that situation is characterized by high variability of the CO2 mole fraction…..

    4. In keeping with the requirement that CO2 in background air should be steady, we apply a general “outlier rejection” step, in which we fit a curve to the preliminary daily means for each day calculated from the hours surviving step 1 and 2, and not including times with upslope winds. All hourly averages that are further than two standard deviations, calculated for every day, away from the fitted curve (“outliers”) are rejected. This step is iterated until no more rejections occur…..

    If any data that is not within 2 standard deviations is rejected then of course you will never see large swings in the CO2 data, it has already been edited out of the final “product”

    So there is the ‘Well Mixed’ assumption “the requirement that CO2 in background air should be steady” This is what sets off my B.S. meter. Also notice that Mauna Loa is ground based with sinks and sources as all ground based stations would have unless you are sitting in the mountains well above the tree line and still there is the question of volcanic sources because high mountains are ‘Young’ and more likely to be tectonically active.

    So is this assumption, made close to a hundred years ago, valid?

    Here is what AIRS itself is saying:

    Significant Findings from AIRS Data
    1. ‘Carbon dioxide is not homogeneous in the mid-troposphere; previously it was thought to be well-mixed
    2. ‘The distribution of carbon dioxide in the mid-troposphere is strongly influenced by large-scale circulations such as the mid-latitude jet streams and by synoptic weather systems, most notably in the summer hemisphere
    3. ‘There are significant differences between simulated and observed CO2 abundance outside of the tropics, raising questions about the transport pathways between the lower and upper troposphere in current models
    4. ‘Zonal transport in the southern hemisphere shows the complexity of its carbon cycle and needs further study

    http://airs.jpl.nasa.gov/AIRS_CO2_Data/About_AIRS_CO2_Data/

    The other information from AIRS is that the Airs data shows CO2 is not ‘Well Mixed” despite the fact AIRS measures the distribution of carbon dioxide in the mid troposphere at a nadir resolution of 90 km x 90 km. Not exactly a ‘small’ sample is it?

    Without the ‘Well Mixed’ assumption that Englebeen is so arduously guarding, the high reading from the past unearthed by Beck, Jaworowski and Segalstad can not be tossed out and the CO2 hockey stick will crumble just like the Mann Hockey Stick.

    Unfortunately this important point is not addressed with the same vigor as the temperature shenanigans.

    On calibration
    I only mentioned how the labs I worked for made standards up in house from pure materials and that we also used “Round Robins” to make sure the labs were all in agreement.

    Jeffrey A. Glassman, PhD has this to say about CO2 measurement calibration:

    “So why are the graphs so unscientifically pat? One reason is provided by the IPCC:
    The longitudinal variations in CO2 concentration reflecting net surface sources and sinks are on annual average typically calibration procedures within and between monitoring networks (Keeling et al., 1989; Conway et al., 1994). Bold added, TAR, p. 211.
    So what the Consensus has done is to “calibrate” the various records into agreement. And there can be no other meaning for “calibration procedures … between monitoring networks”. It accounts for coincidence in simultaneous records and it accounts for continuity between adjacent records. The most interesting information in this procedure would be the exact amount of calibration necessary to achieve the objective of nearly flawless measuring with the modern record dominating. The IPCC’s method is unacceptable in science. It is akin to the IPCC practice of making “flux adjustments” to make its various models agree. See TAR for 87 references to “flux adjustment”, and see 4AR for its excuse, condemnation, and abandonment. 4AR p. 117.
    http://www.globalwarmingskeptics.info/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewforum&f=8 OR
    http://www.rocketscientistsjournal.com/2006/11/gavin_schmidt_on_the_acquittal.html

  122. Gail Combs says:
    November 15, 2013 at 11:18 am

    As Gail doesn’t read my comments, here some comment that I have repeadetly told here to no avail:

    Greenland ice cores sometimes show higher CO2 levels than Antarctic ice cores, even increasing over time, if you melt all the ice during measurement, instead of crushing the ice still frozen and measuring only the CO2 in air from the bubles.
    The simple reason: In ice there may be contamination with seasalts, including carbonates. Normally that is not a problem for the CO2 measurements. But as Greenland is not so far from Iceland, the frequent volcanic eruptions there sometimes deposit highly acidic dust on the ice. If you then measure in solution, CO2 is set free from the carbonates, the more over time. But even in-situ a lot of CO2 can have been formed over time with such a contamination.
    That is the reason that the “melt” method still is used for methane, but completely abandoned for CO2. And also the reason that the CO2 levels from Greenland ice cores are not used for CO2 trends, because of unreliable. Antarctic cores, especially the deep inland cores have far less deposit and there are no active volcanoes in the wide neighborhood of the main drilling places.

    WELL MIXED ASSUMPTION

    If Gail would do the effort to investigate how much the thrown out data differ from the “background” data, then she would have noticed that it doesn’t make one damn difference in the calculation of the average or trend over a year if you include or exclude the outliers.
    If you interested in CO2 from volcanic vents, then measure CO2 near volcanic vents. If you are interested in the uptake and release of CO2 by vegetation, then measure within vegetation (both are BTW done). We are interested in “background” CO2 data, thus throw out the data which are clearly contaminated by the other sources.
    See the difference between the raw, hourly data and the “cleaned” daily and monthly averages of Mauna Loa and the South Pole:

    Look at the scale: the outliers are at +/- 4 ppmv around the seasonal trend. Big deal to throw them out, it doesn’t change the yearly average or trend.

    The AIRS measurements show that CO2 is within +/- 2% of full scale,including the seasonal variation. There is more variability than they expected in the mid-troposphere, but in my definition still very well mixed, if about 20% of all CO2 in the atmosphere gets in and out over the seasons…

    And far from the +80 ppmv from the late Beck’s 1942 “peak” in CO2, which doesn’t exist in any other measurement or proxy.

    On calibration
    I only mentioned how the labs I worked for made standards up in house from pure materials and that we also used “Round Robins” to make sure the labs were all in agreement.

    That is exactly what is done by NOAA for CO2 mixtures which then are crossvalidated by other labs and upon agreement are used for continuous calibration of the instruments.

    So what the Consensus has done is to “calibrate” the various records into agreement.

    Glassman is a master in misinterpretation of what is written by others and it is impossible to argue with him, because he overwhelms you with irrelevant citations…
    Of course there is intercalibration of the calibration mixtures which are used to calibrate the instruments. There is no way that the data can be calibrated into agreement as that needs subtile adjustments of 0.005 ppmv/day of the calibration gases and/or subtile differences (without any mistakes…) in calibration gases made for different stations… In reality, there are a lot of differences between the stations in amplitude and lag:

  123. The New York Best Seller, “Report from Iron Mountain,” proposes that people would be willing to accept a lower standard of living, higher taxes, and increased governmental intrusion in order to “save Mother Earth.” The Report sought to find a credible substitute for war and considered several ideas such as an alien invasion. However, aliens were ultimately discarded for an “environmental-pollution model.”

    Although many will respond to any suggestion of Maurice Strong or the IPCC being part of a huge conspiracy, as ludicrous, don’t forget we are coming up on 50 years of the Warren Commission lies. Honorable men do evil things when they think they are right.

    Right on, high five to John Tiller, R. de Haan, and especially, Dennis Ambler in these comments.

  124. Thank you Dr Ball for this article. Reading recently about the ‘runaway greenhouse event’ and the end of humanity by 2040 propelled me into a state of utter despair, which I hope is understandable for the mother of a 2 year old who has just been told her beautiful son doesn’t have a chance of making it to 30. I could not work, I could hardly eat, I wanted everything to shut down, so that my son at least had a chance to survive. I’m not a scientist, so I’m not in a very strong position to judge the validity of the scientific arguments you or any other scientist put forward for or against the global warming hypothesis. But at least your article has thrown some ambiguity on the matter for me, which has allowed me to come out of my panic-stricken state.

    I do have some problems with your more general conclusions, however. It seems to me that despite your claim to be on the side of science, there is some flag-waving here that is not necessarily justified by the science you present. Your main scientific argument, I think, is that human-caused climate change primarily through CO2 emissions by the burning of fossil fuels is not occurring. I’m not in a position to challenge this assertion. But you use this argument to come to the conclusion that ‘green isn’t working’, and is actually a threat to industrialised nations (depicted by your wind-turbine/barbed-wire graphic at the end – scare-mongering like the end-of-the-world global-warmists, although admittedly not to the same extent). My contention here is this: regardless of whether CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels is a problem, the fact remains that the world’s resources are finite. One day we will not be able to continue running our societies on coal, oil and gas. It may be that the earth still has a lot of fossil fuels to offer, I don’t know (I’m sure you and other readers here have a much better knowledge than me). But one day we will have to find a way to do without fossil fuels. As the world industrialises, and the global population increases, more and more people become dependent on fossil fuels, so surely we need to move our global economy onto sources of energy that are not dependent on the resources we can mine from the ground. What am I missing here? It may be that there isn’t such urgency to shift our primary source of energy as is being presented under the global warming banner, but surely a gradual shift to non-fossil-fuel energy is sensible for any industrialised society?

    A related point here is that the ownership of fossil fuels is hugely political and is causing great tension. Surely it is sensible from a politico-economic perspective for a society that has very little potential to produce its own fossil fuels to find other means of producing energy, so that its population is less vulnerable?

    Another consideration I think you don’t cover is the other human-health implications of burning fossil fuels. I don’t know the science on this, so feel free to enlighten me, but my understanding was that the burning of fossil fuels was damaging to human health, e.g. causes cancer. Not to mention the risk of oil spillages. So why would we not want to find other ways of producing energy, that don’t have the same health implications?

    I understand that you probably don’t want to go into all these issues in this article. But I do suggest you should at least acknowledge that the scientific argument that you have presented does not necessarily entail that we should not reconsider our reliance on fossil fuels, and that there are other points to consider. By not at least acknowledging these further issues and yet depicting ‘green’ energy as a threat you are presenting a skewed argument, regardless of the science. It is not a problem with your science, but with your rhetoric. If you are right in your debunking of human-caused global warming, it does not necessarily entail that green energy per say is a threat. The threat appears to come from those who would have us believe we need to shut down our societies now in order that our children have a miniscule chance of survival (and here you argument relies primarily on Elaine Dewar’s work). *Perhaps* in the long run there is an argument for other energy sources, and *perhaps* industrialised societies can benefit from them.

  125. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 15, 2013 at 6:16 am

    I have repeatedly told you that one can find background data in over 95% of the atmosphere: over the oceans from sea level up to the stratosphere and over land above the first few hundred meters: all within +/- 2% of full scale, despite a 20% exchange of all CO2 in the atmosphere over the seasons within a year.
    ——————————–

    Ferdinand, given the fact that the measured atmospheric CO2 ppm data is by far the most accurate of any of the data available to climate science ….. it makes one wonder why anyone would want to question the validity of it. None of the CO2 proxy data is as accurate.

    Especially given the fact that most any discussion involving CO2 also involves the “warming” effect of the CO2 which is the result of solar irradiance …… and solar irradiance is one of the most inaccurate of the data available to climate science.

    One sure can’t be claiming that all calculations involving W/m2 of solar irradiance are all within +/- 2% of full scale, when one is forced to use one (1) of the three (3) different scales for their calculations, to wit:

    Scale 1. average solar radiation at the top of the Earth’s atmosphere = 1,366 W/m2

    Scale 2. average solar radiation at the Earth’s surface = 1,000 W/m2 (for a surface perpendicular to the Sun’s rays at sea level on a clear day)

    Scale 3. average daily solar irradiance for the Earth’s surface = 250 W/m2

    • These two articles you site, Brian, are EXCELLENT!!!!!! I’ve not found articles before that so completely explain the wrong thinking of current belief about ‘shortages’ and limits to growth. Thank-you.

  126. Brian, I read your articles. Here’s a quote about water: “Fresh water is unlimited, thanks to advances in desalinization. There is no shortage of fresh water.” While the cost of desalination has come down, it is still far more expensive then well, river, or watershed supplied water. How do you propose that the poorer countries pay for this? And of course this doesn’t solve the problem of water for interior regions, nor for high elevation sites.

    Somehow cost REALLY matters when green energy technologies are considered – wind, solar, geothermal – so those technologies are viewed as economically harmful. But somehow cost doesn’t matter for desalination? There’s also lots of other hand waving in the article, such as saying limestone is created in the sea, so therefore the supply is unlimited – once again, no consideration given to cost/viability of recovering that.

  127. Chris, we get oil from half way around the world, certainly cost matters but it’s economically good if oil next door is more expensive. People will spend more on desalinated water the same way they spend money on oil now from half way around the world.

    And I’m not sure your point concerning green energy but if I get your meaning, I’d say, spending money on green energy at this point in our energy inventory is like getting oil from half way around the world when there is cheap oil right next door. Or, spending money on desalinization plants, while we still have hundreds of years of well water. In these cases the cost of getting oil from so far away or water from desalinization is economically harmful.

    We are NOT short on energy sources so why waste money on technology that will be out dated by hundreds of years by the time it’s needed? The fact that we are spending that money now is economically harmful.

  128. Elen says:
    November 16, 2013 at 3:47 am
    Thank you Dr Ball for this article. Reading recently about the ‘runaway greenhouse event’ and the end of humanity by 2040 propelled me into a state of utter despair, which I hope is understandable for the mother of a 2 year old who has just been told her beautiful son doesn’t have a chance of making it to 30. I could not work, I could hardly eat, I wanted everything to shut down, so that my son at least had a chance to survive. I’m not a scientist, so I’m not in a very strong position to judge the validity of the scientific arguments you or any other scientist put forward for or against the global warming hypothesis. But at least your article has thrown some ambiguity on the matter for me, which has allowed me to come out of my panic-stricken state. …
    ================

    Elen,

    Your reasonable insights were like a breath of fresh air. Thank you. I’m sorry to hear about your panic and despair. I’ve been there. Here’s some good news and some bad news.

    The good news: mainstream science doesn’t project a ‘runaway greenhouse event’ or the end of humanity by 2040. The Earth’s oceans and vegetation are still absorbing about half of our CO2 emissions, so it’s unlikely that they’ll rapidly switch to emitting greenhouse gases (necessary for a runaway event).

    The bad news… (continued in next comment)

  129. (I think a spam filter bit me, so I’m splitting this comment into pieces.)

    The bad news:

    ===============
    Elen says:
    November 16, 2013 at 3:47 am
    … at least your article has thrown some ambiguity on the matter for me, which has allowed me to come out of my panic-stricken state.
    ===============

    When you realize how confused Dr. Ball’s accusations are, I don’t want you to fall back into despair. The last time Dr. Ball accused scientists of deception, I tried fruitlessly to engage with his fans:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/06/public-relations-spin-doctors-deliberately-deceived-public-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/#comment-1467978

    Dr. Ball links to Dr. Murray Salby’s claim that the ~30% increase in CO2 since the Industrial Revolution isn’t being driven by our emissions. Short version, this is ridiculous:

  130. ================
    Elen says:
    November 16, 2013 at 3:47 am
    The threat appears to come from those who would have us believe we need to shut down our societies now in order that our children have a miniscule chance of survival
    ================

    I’ve never seen anyone credible suggest we shoot ourselves in the foot like that. While this isn’t about science, maybe you’ll avoid despair and panic easier if I describe my preferred solution. I and the Citizens Climate Lobby think we should charge big carbon polluters a fee to Americans to cover the costs of dumping their waste into our atmosphere and oceans:

    http://www.skepticalscience.com/CCL-pushing-for-US-fee-and-dividend.html

    As you can tell from the videos in that article, several other scientists also favor this approach. Also, Reagan’s economics advisor has endorsed a similar approach:

    http://energyandenterprise.com/

    There’s no reason to panic or fall into despair. A revenue-neutral carbon fee can reduce emissions without shutting down our societies. In fact, it will help jumpstart a new industrial revolution based on clean energy.

  131. Elen says:
    November 16, 2013 at 3:47 am

    Reading recently about the ‘runaway greenhouse event’ and the end of humanity by 2040 propelled me into a state of utter despair, …………….. I’m not a scientist, so I’m not in a very strong position to judge the validity of the scientific arguments you or any other scientist put forward for or against the global warming hypothesis. But at least your article has thrown some ambiguity on the matter for me, which has allowed me to come out of my panic-stricken state.
    ——————–

    Elen, your previous mindset was exactly what the “fear monglers” were hoping to achieve with all of their “junk science” CAGW claims (CO2 causing Anthropogenic Global Warming).

    The earth has been subjected to an Interglacial Period of warming for the past 22,000 years. And several times during those past years the surface temperatures have been a LOT, LOT WARMER than they currently are ….. and for several hundred to several thousand years in duration. The Medieval Warm Period (950 to 1250) lasted for 300 years and t’was the age of Knights and Castle building in England, etc.

    Anyway, CAGW is junk science simply because, to wit:

    1. mathematics disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    2.the Keeling Curve disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    3. the geologic record disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    4.the highly questionable 100+ years of temperature records disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    5. the “fuzzy” math used for calculating and claiming Average Temperature Increases disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    6. assuming that Interglacial “warming” (IGW) abruptly stopped when their claimed “CO2 causing anthropogenic “warming” (CAGW) started disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    7. the intentional ignoring and omission of the effects of atmospheric water vapor on surface temperatures disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    8. the intentional ignoring and omission of the effects of “heat island” infrastructure on surface temperatures disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    9. data from various fossil plant stomata studies disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    10. the highly questionable atmospheric CO2 ppm extropolated from glacial ice proxies disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    11. measuring the percentage of C12 isotope of Carbon in the atmosphere does not prove claims of CO2 caused AGW
    12. the extremely quick increases/decreases of temperatures in desert areas of extremely low humidity disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    13. the absolute lack of any direct association or correlation between Average Global Temperature increases, world population increases and/or atmospheric CO2 increases disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    14. the INTENTIONAL exclusion of the “degree increase” due to the Holocene Interglacial “warming” of the climate from all of their calculated Average Temperature “increases” disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    15. the impossibility for anyone to measure the warming effect of the lesser quantity of gas (CO2) in a mixture of two different gases when the quantity of the greater volume of gas (H2O) is constantly changing from hour to hour and/or day to day disproves claims of CO2 caused AGW
    16. claiming that atmospheric H2O vapor is the “forcing” backfeeder of thermal (IR) energy to the atmospheric CO2 which is the “backfeeding” forcer of increases in surface temperatures is silly and asinine
    17. claiming that 396 ppm of CO2 is directly causing greater “warming” of the near-earth atmosphere than 20,000 ppm to 40,000 ppm of H2O vapor does, is silly and asinine
    18. claiming that the bi-yearly increase of 6 to 8 ppm in atmospheric CO2 is the result of the rotting and/or decaying of biomass is silly, asinine and idiotic

    The proponents of CAGW can not discredit the above claims with factual evidence thus their only recourse is to claim that a “consensus of opinions” disagrees with them.

  132. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 17, 2013 at 8:10 pm

    A revenue-neutral carbon fee can reduce emissions without shutting down our societies. In fact, it will help jumpstart a new industrial revolution based on clean energy.

    Well, while I agree with your critique on Dr. Ball and Salby, here you go a bridge too far. There is no proof that a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere will do more harm than good. To the contrary. The dire consequences were exaggerated by climate models that all fail to show the non-increase in temperature over the past 17 years.

    And about shutting down our societies: that is just underway: Energy intensive factories in Europe are moving out to the USA, as the energy (gas) price there is much lower. And the number of comsumers here who can’t pay their energy bills is increasing exponentially. Simply compare the electricity bill in Denmark (world champion in wind energy) and Germany (thanks to the “Energiewende”, now starting to get completely out of control) with that of France (still 70% nuclear) or the US for the same kWh…

  133. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 18, 2013 at 11:05 am
    There is no proof that a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere will do more harm than good. To the contrary. The dire consequences were exaggerated by climate models that all fail to show the non-increase in temperature over the past 17 years.
    ==================

    You might want to call the National Academies, because they claim that “The need for urgent action to address climate change is now indisputable.”

    http://www.nationalacademies.org/includes/G8+5energy-climate09.pdf

    The links in the first paragraph of this article confirm that Earth continues to gain heat, even over the last 17 years:

    http://www.skepticalscience.com/schmitt-happer-wsj.html

    It’s also important to remember that scientists don’t draw conclusions solely from climate models. The climate changes naturally, but extinction rates increase if it changes too quickly for species to adapt by migrating or evolving. For example, atmospheric CO2 increased rapidly during the end-Permian extinction and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. In both cases, the ensuing rapid warming stressed ecosystems and caused extinctions.

    In the fifth paragraph of the above article, I linked to Honisch et al. 2012 which shows that we’re dumping CO2 into the atmosphere ten times faster than before the end-Permian extinction. That’s why scientists are concerned about our skyrocketing CO2 emissions.

    ==================
    And about shutting down our societies: that is just underway: Energy intensive factories in Europe are moving out to the USA, as the energy (gas) price there is much lower. And the number of comsumers here who can’t pay their energy bills is increasing exponentially. Simply compare the electricity bill in Denmark (world champion in wind energy) and Germany (thanks to the “Energiewende”, now starting to get completely out of control) with that of France (still 70% nuclear) or the US for the same kWh…
    ==================

    In the comments of the CCL article I linked, I explained that a border tariff will protect domestic industries. Since the fee is returned to Americans, it compensates for increased energy bills. The lower ~60% of income brackets actually get slightly more back in dividends than the increase in their electrical bills.

    I agree with President Reagan’s economics adviser: “Reduce taxes on something we want more of–income–and tax something we arguably want less of–carbon pollution. It’s a win-win.”

  134. Dumb Scientist says:

    “Anyone who’s genuinely interested in climate science should skip WUWT and go straight to the National Academy of Sciences.”

    Why? The NAS is as corrupt as NASA. They have a climate alarmist agenda which is being falsified by Planet Earth. And Dummy keeps linking to the Pseudo-skeptical Pseudo-science blog. Note that SkS has its own special listing on the sidebar as being “Unreliable”. That is a polite way of saying they are dishonest. Anyone who uses them as their ‘authority’ lacks credibility.

    As Dr Ball shows here, ∆T is the cause of ∆CO2 — not vice versa. That same T/CO2 relationship holds from years to hundreds of millennia. When temperature rises, CO2 follows. That debunks the CO2=cAGW nonsense.

    You can believe in always-inaccurate computer models, or you can accept empirical evidence. One or the other. But not both; they are mutually exclusive.

  135. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 12:49 pm

    What National Academies wrote still is mainly based on failed climate models. Which doesn’t mean that one must not look at alternatives for fossil fuels. But the problem is the speed with which it is introduced, without looking at the consequences. Wind and solar are very unreliable sources of energy, they disturb the grid and as there is little possibility for large scale storage (hydro is the only limited possibility), one need as much (fossil) backup as installed in green energy. Which makes green energy far more expensive.
    Besides that, there is an increased risk of blackouts, which costs enormous sums if you need to restart a whole industrial area (refinaries, chemical plants, etc…)

    Your article may have merit in some parts, but that web site is about banned here as completely unreliable, see the sideline above:

    Unreliable*
    ■Skeptical Science – John Cook
    * Due to (1) deletion, extension and amending of user comments, and (2) undated post-publication revisions of article contents after significant user commenting.

    Further:
    The climate changes naturally, but extinction rates increase if it changes too quickly for species to adapt by migrating or evolving.

    You mix up the rapid increase of CO2 with a rapid increase in temperature. In the past, in general temperature did go up first and CO2 followed. Now we have an experiment where we have increased CO2 first, but there is little evidence for a catastrophical warming… A doubling of CO2 gives 0.9 K increase in temperature increase, based on absorption characteristics of CO2. That is all. The rest is models… The latest published estimates all reduce the sensitivity for 2xCO2.

    For the rest, there are too many questionable items in your article to react on all of them here…

  136. dbstealey says:
    November 18, 2013 at 2:25 pm
    The NAS is as corrupt as NASA. They have a climate alarmist agenda which is being falsified by Planet Earth. And Dummy keeps linking to the Pseudo-skeptical Pseudo-science blog… they are dishonest.
    ====================

    If the NAS and NASA are corrupt and I’m dishonest, what about these scientific organizations?

    The National Academy of Sciences,
    the National Aeronautics and Space Administration,
    the National Center for Atmospheric Research,
    the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
    the American Geophysical Union,
    the American Institute of Physics,
    the American Physical Society,
    the American Meteorological Society,
    the American Statistical Association,
    the American Association for the Advancement of Science,
    the Federation of American Scientists,
    the American Quaternary Association,
    the American Society of Agronomy,
    the Crop Science Society of America,
    the Soil Science Society of America,
    the American Astronomical Society,
    the American Chemical Society,
    the Geological Society of America,
    the American Institute of Biological Sciences,
    the American Society for Microbiology,
    the Society of American Foresters,
    the Australian Institute of Physics,
    the Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society,
    the Australian Bureau of Meteorology and the CSIRO,
    the Geological Society of Australia,
    the Federation of Australian Scientific and Technological Societies,
    the Australian Coral Reef Society,
    the Royal Society of the UK,
    the Royal Meteorological Society,
    the British Antarctic Survey,
    the Geological Society of London,
    the Society of Biology (UK),
    the Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences,
    the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society,
    the Royal Society of New Zealand,
    the Polish Academy of Sciences,
    the European Science Foundation,
    the European Geosciences Union,
    the European Physical Society,
    the European Federation of Geologists,
    the Network of African Science Academies,
    the International Union for Quaternary Research,
    the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics,
    the Wildlife Society (International),
    and the World Meteorological Organization.

    Have any of these scientific organizations been cleared of corruption by WUWT and dbstealey?

    ====================
    As Dr Ball shows here, ∆T is the cause of ∆CO2 — not vice versa. That same T/CO2 relationship holds from years to hundreds of millennia. When temperature rises, CO2 follows.
    ====================

    Use Henry’s Law to calculate the ∆CO2 due to the ~0.8C ∆T since the Industrial Revolution. You’ll find that only ~20ppm of the actual ~100ppm rise could even hypothetically be explained by the ocean outgassing that dominated CO2 variations in the Vostok ice core record you linked. Plus, if that were the case, why would CO2 in the oceans be increasing if the CO2 in the air is supposedly coming from the oceans? Why would atmospheric O2 be decreasing if the CO2 building up in the atmosphere isn’t the result of combustion? Where’s the wormhole that’s hiding the 30 billion metric tons of CO2 pollution we emit each year?

    ====================
    What National Academies wrote still is mainly based on failed climate models. … Your article may have merit in some parts, but that web site is about banned here as completely unreliable … You mix up the rapid increase of CO2 with a rapid increase in temperature. In the past, in general temperature did go up first and CO2 followed. Now we have an experiment where we have increased CO2 first, but there is little evidence for a catastrophical warming…
    ====================

    The experiment where CO2 increased first has already been done during the end-Permian extinction and the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). The results weren’t pretty:

    http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169534703000934

    The end-Permian extinction is a complicated story that involves more than CO2, but the ocean extinctions and apparent explosion of insects during the PETM really concern me. Please note that these events actually happened. They’re not figments of some “failed climate model”, but if you really think the NAS is that corrupt or incompetent then I doubt I could say anything to change your mind.

    ====================
    A doubling of CO2 gives 0.9 K increase in temperature increase, based on absorption characteristics of CO2. That is all. The rest is models… The latest published estimates all reduce the sensitivity for 2xCO2.
    ====================

    No, the rest isn’t models. It’s evidence from the ancient climate and fundamental physics. For instance, over at least the past 420 million years, CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas which warmed the long-term climate by 1.5C to 6.2C per doubling of CO2:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7135/full/nature05699.html

    Ironically, the only way to determine the ~0.9K bare no-feedbacks sensitivity is to use a model. The only climate sensitivity that ancient climate data can tell us about is the sensitivity in the real world.

    ====================
    Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 18, 2013 at 2:33 pm
    … Wind and solar are very unreliable sources of energy, they disturb the grid and as there is little possibility for large scale storage (hydro is the only limited possibility), one need as much (fossil) backup as installed in green energy. Which makes green energy far more expensive. Besides that, there is an increased risk of blackouts, which costs enormous sums if you need to restart a whole industrial area (refinaries, chemical plants, etc…)
    ====================

    That’s one of the reason why I support building a new generation of safe nuclear power plants.

  137. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 3:45 pm

    Your link for the PETM is actually for the Permian.

    Please show your evidence that in the PETM CO2 increase preceded warmth. It was already very balmy in the Eocene, which warmth of course had lasted tens of millions of years at that time, causing elevated CO2 levels.

    Some CACA advocates have asserted that CO2 or CH4 caused the PETM, but haven’t been able to make a convincing case. Plenty of better explanations exist. CO2 did reach its Cenozoic high then, but which came first, the gas or the heat?

  138. Dumb Scientist,

    Thanx for all the appeals to authority. But as Einstein said, it doesn’t ake a lot of experts to prove that cAGW is wrong; all it takes is one fact. And we have produced numerous facts proving that cAGW is wrong. The only really valid Authority is Planet Earth, which is busy debunking all the cAGW nonsense.

    Dumb Scientist quotes the incredible NAS:

    “The need for urgent action to address climate change is now indisputable.”

    That is baseless scare-mongering and alarmist nonsense. Nothing in science is “indisputable”. The NAS obviously has no understanding of the climate Null Hypothesis: there is nothing either unprecedented or unusual happening. Nothing. Current climate parameters have all been exceeded in the past. The so-called Tropospheric Hot Spot never did appear, as was incessantly predicted. And global humidity continues its decades-long decline, despite endless predictions to the contrary. And the endless predictions of runaway global warming have all failed. And despite the steady rise in [harmless, beneficial] CO2, global T has not risen — as predicted by folks who now refuse to admit they were wrong. You know: like Dumb Scientist, among many others.

    Instead, we are fortunate to be living in a “Goldilocks” climate: not too hot, not too cold, but just right.

    Given the mountains of empirical evidence debunking the climate alarmism expressed by Dumb Scientist, he should follow the Scientific Method, and honestly admit that his wild-eyed Chicken Little position is untenable. But he won’t, because based on his refusal to acknowledge clear empirical evidence, I suspect he is riding the climate gravy train. Because as Upton Sinclair wrote, It is difficult to make a man understand something when his livelihood depends on not understanding it.

    But other readers can see, as Einstein and Feynman pointed out, that all it takes is one fact that debunks the alarmist conjecture. WUWT skeptics have provided numerous facts that debunk the CO2=cAGW conjecture. Honest scientists will retrace their CO2=cAGW conjecture, and try to understand why they were so wrong.

    Only those with an ulterior motive will dig in their heels, and appeal to all the corrupt ‘authorities’ that trade their name and status for government payola. It is sad. But it is the way of the modern world.

  139. milodonharlani says:
    November 18, 2013 at 4:02 pm
    Your link for the PETM is actually for the Permian. Please show your evidence that in the PETM CO2 increase preceded warmth.
    ========================

    That actually was the Permian link. The link to the PETM insect explosion was on my untouchable SkS article, but here’s a direct link:

    http://www.pnas.org/content/105/6/1960.full.pdf

    ========================
    It was already very balmy in the Eocene, which warmth of course had lasted tens of millions of years at that time, causing elevated CO2 levels. Some CACA advocates have asserted that CO2 or CH4 caused the PETM, but haven’t been able to make a convincing case. Plenty of better explanations exist. CO2 did reach its Cenozoic high then, but which came first, the gas or the heat?
    ========================

    The PETM happened ~55 million years ago, and was a rapid spike of about 5C warming over about 200,000 years. It’s not clear if CO2 or CH4 caused the distinct warming and carbon isotope excursion spikes, but it’s clear that ocean outgassing can’t explain the carbon isotope excursion spike:

    “Atmospheric pCO2 increases from 834 ppm to either 1,500 ppm (CH4 scenario) or 4,200 ppm (Corg scenario) during the main phase of the PETM (Fig. 4d). The corresponding global ocean surface temperature increase during the peak PETM is 2.1C (CH4 scenario) and 6.5C (Corg scenario) respectively. (Fig. 4e).”

    http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v4/n7/abs/ngeo1179.html

    As before, Henry’s Law just won’t allow 5C of warming to release that much CO2 or CH4.

  140. dbstealey says:
    November 18, 2013 at 4:37 pm
    Given the mountains of empirical evidence debunking the climate alarmism expressed by Dumb Scientist, he should follow the Scientific Method, and honestly admit that his wild-eyed Chicken Little position is untenable. … I suspect he is riding the climate gravy train. … Honest scientists will retrace their CO2=cAGW conjecture, and try to understand why they were so wrong. Only those with an ulterior motive will dig in their heels, and appeal to all the corrupt ‘authorities’ that trade their name and status for government payola. It is sad. But it is the way of the modern world.
    =================

    So, all those organizations are corrupt and riding the climate gravy train next to me? Really? As I’ve shown, every one of them has acknowledged basic physics:

    http://dumbscientist.com/archives/crash-course-on-climate-change#comment-17977

  141. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 4:48 pm

    There is essentially zero chance of human activity raising global temperature four degrees C in this century, however thanks for your paper. The lead author’s association with PSU doesn’t inspire confidence, but I enjoyed the angle of insect herbivory.

    However valuable this contribution to Eocene climate studies, it can’t resolve the cause or causes of the apparent warming at that time. As you must be aware GCMs show the same lack of skill for the Eocene as for the Cretaceous, I suspect for much the same reason. The equable warmth of these periods or epochs derive from the positions of the continents & heating of the oceans by volcanic activity, not from the gases incidentally injected into the air by these processes.

    The PETM impact hypothesis as you also may know has recently received new support:

    http://www.pnas.org/content/110/2/425

  142. Dumb Scientyist says:

    “So, all those organizations are corrupt and riding the climate gravy train…”

    Yes, as prof Richard Lindzen has shown. The rank-and-file is not corrupt; but the few individuals on the governing boards are bought and paid for activists.

    We have been over this time and time again here. It gets tedious educating every newbie who comes along. Do an archive search, and get up to speed.

  143. milodonharlani says:
    November 18, 2013 at 5:29 pm
    The equable warmth of these periods or epochs derive from the positions of the continents & heating of the oceans by volcanic activity, not from the gases incidentally injected into the air by these processes.
    ================

    I agree that the positions of the continents over very long timescales (longer than a million years) have significant effects on ocean circulation and thus on the climate. But could you please link to a paper showing that direct oceanic heating by volcanic activity significantly affects climate during the epochs in question?

    Note that the PETM was much too rapid to be explained by continental drift. It was a geologically brief spike of only ~200,000 years:

    ================
    The PETM impact hypothesis as you also may know has recently received new support:

    http://www.pnas.org/content/110/2/425

    ================

    Thanks, I hadn’t heard of that paper. I don’t yet see the connection to the impact hypothesis, but I did notice that it was cited by another recent paper which suggests the PETM CO2 excursion happened in just a few decades:

    http://www.pnas.org/content/110/40/15908.short

  144. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 6:50 pm

    Re tectonics, the PETM occurred during a period of more rapid than normal seafloor spreading, as during the Cretaceous, leading to ocean heating. A 200,000 year increase in volcanism could have caused the observed deep sea T increase. Also, the positions of the continents then could have amplified any such event, since the Southern Ocean now important in deep oceanic circulation & continental climates hadn’t yet developed.

    At the very least, it’s far too soon to conclude that some increase in GHGs explain the PETM, let alone draw conclusions therefrom to justify dismantling the energy economy upon which seven billion people rely.

    Re relevance to impact hypothesis of cited paper, the inclusions it found have mysterious provenance, arguable extra-terrestrial.

  145. milodonharlani says:
    November 18, 2013 at 6:58 pm
    Re tectonics, the PETM occurred during a period of more rapid than normal seafloor spreading, as during the Cretaceous, leading to ocean heating. A 200,000 year increase in volcanism could have caused the observed deep sea T increase. Also, the positions of the continents then could have amplified any such event, since the Southern Ocean now important in deep oceanic circulation & continental climates hadn’t yet developed.
    =========================

    Citation?

    =========================
    At the very least, it’s far too soon to conclude that some increase in GHGs explain the PETM, let alone draw conclusions therefrom to justify dismantling the energy economy upon which seven billion people rely.
    =========================

    The two papers I linked (and many others) concluded that the PETM was caused by an increase in GHGs. I’ve explained starting on November 17, 2013 at 8:10 pm that I’m not trying to dismantle the energy economy. I’m trying to keep the fossil fuel industry from dismantling every other part of the economy by charging them for their pollution the same way all other businesses pay for waste disposal.

  146. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 7:15 pm

    You’re most welcome on the linked paper.

    Citation? Any paleogeographic map showing that Antarctica wasn’t yet separated by deep ocean channels from South America & Australia. I could link to many, as you must know. Ditto the level of submarine volcanism, as seafloor spreading was higher then than now, although less than during the Cretaceous, when thermal expansion of the oceans was probably at a Phanerozoic high. I suspect you could find papers on deep ocean heating at the PETM as easily as I could. Some obligatorily genuflect toward the One True Gas, but others allow for alternative explanations. But in any case, the oceans weren’t as hot at the PETM as during the steamiest interval of the Cretaceous, at which time they were almost literally scalding in the tropics, leading to fewer biological cloud condensation nuclei, a positive feedback. No magic gas need apply.

    CO2 is not pollution. It is beneficial plant food, the salubrious effects of which are evident in the greening of the planet & great increase in yields of food & fiber crops since WWII.

    Your citations show no such thing. There is zero evidence that a major CO2 increase from already high (by Cenozoic standards) levels preceded the PETM, let alone cause it. Indeed, if you want to talk physics, Arrhenius showed that the warming effect of CO2 even in the lab, let alone the atmosphere, is logarithmic, so the supposed five degree C rapid increase could not have been due to CO2. Nor is there evidence to support CH4 or any other GHG, except possibly H2O. Just supposition, ie WAG motivated by ideology, not science.

  147. milodonharlani says:
    November 18, 2013 at 7:34 pm
    Citation? Any paleogeographic map…
    ============================

    Citation? For the claim that direct oceanic heating by volcanic activity significantly affects climate during the epochs in question? To the extent that it could explain a 5C global warming spike in only ~200,000 years? And a carbon isotope excursion that indicates organic carbon far in excess of what can be explained by ocean outgassing using Henry’s Law?

    ============================
    CO2 is not pollution. It is beneficial plant food, the salubrious effects of which are evident in the greening of the planet & great increase in yields of food & fiber crops since WWII.
    ============================

    Farming practices and technology have also improved greatly since WWII. As I explained in my untouchable article, CO2 fertilization is a real beneficial effect. But it’s just overwhelmed by negative effects like more droughts and wildfires. For instance, Rice grows 10% less with every 1.8°F of night-time warming:

    http://www.pnas.org/content/101/27/9971.full

    ============================
    Arrhenius showed that the warming effect of CO2 even in the lab, let alone the atmosphere, is logarithmic, so the supposed five degree C rapid increase could not have been due to CO2.
    ============================

    As you say, for over a century scientists have understood that GHG surface warming on Earth depends approximately on the logarithm of GHG concentrations. Here’s a review of multiple studies over the last 65 Myrs (including the PETM) which reveals a climate sensitivity of 2.2K – 4.8K per doubling of atmospheric CO2:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v491/n7426/full/nature11574.html

    ============================
    … the supposed five degree C rapid increase could not have been due to CO2. Nor is there evidence to support CH4 or any other GHG, except possibly H2O. Just supposition, ie WAG motivated by ideology, not science.
    ============================

    The papers I linked seem to agree that scientists don’t know if the GHG was CO2 or CH4 (methane), and the exact source, quantities and release rates are still being disputed. But it’s certainly not due to H2O. That’s impossible. A significant fraction of emitted CO2 stays in the atmosphere for centuries, and methane takes about ten years to oxidize into CO2.

    Increasing the concentration of CO2 or methane can and has warmed the climate.

    But H2O quickly rains out of the atmosphere in just a few weeks if its concentration gets too high, or evaporates from the oceans if its concentration gets too low.

    Increasing the concentration of H2O by itself can’t warm the climate because the equilibrium concentration of H2O is essentially predetermined by all the other factors which determine sea surface temperatures. Water vapor is a feedback, not a forcing, so it can’t possibly have caused the PETM.

    • Dumb Scientist:

      The equilibrium climate sensitivity is not a scientifc or logical concept as the equilibrium temperature is not an observable feature of the real world..

  148. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 9:38 pm

    Actually, sir, no one knows how long CO2 molecules stay in the atmosphere. It’s an important area of investigation. But we’re pretty sure it isn’t centuries.

  149. milodonharlani says:
    November 18, 2013 at 9:50 pm
    Actually, sir, no one knows how long CO2 molecules stay in the atmosphere. It’s an important area of investigation. But we’re pretty sure it isn’t centuries.
    ======================

    “[19] The carbon cycle of the biosphere will take a long time to completely neutralize and sequester anthropogenic CO2. We show a wide range of model forecasts of this effect. For the best guess cases, which include air/seawater, CaCO3, and silicate weathering equilibria as affected by an ocean temperature feedback, we expect that 17– 33% of the fossil fuel carbon will still reside in the atmosphere 1 kyr from now, decreasing to 10– 15% at 10 kyr, and 7% at 100 kyr. The mean lifetime of fossil fuel CO2 is about 30– 35 kyr.”

    “[20] A mean atmospheric lifetime of order 104 years is in start contrast with the ‘‘popular’’ perception of several hundred year lifetime for atmospheric CO2. In fairness, if the fate of anthropogenic carbon must be boiled down into a single number for popular discussion, then 300 years is a sensible number to choose, because it captures the behavior of the majority of the carbon. A single exponential decay of 300 years is arguably a better approximation than a single exponential decay of 30,000 years, if one is forced to choose. However, the 300 year simplification misses the immense longevity of the tail on the CO2 lifetime, and hence its interaction with major ice sheets, ocean methane clathrate deposits, and future glacial/interglacial cycles. …”

    http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~archer/reprints/archer.2005.fate_co2.pdf

  150. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 3:45 pm

    No, the rest isn’t models. It’s evidence from the ancient climate and fundamental physics. For instance, over at least the past 420 million years, CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas which warmed the long-term climate by 1.5C to 6.2C per doubling of CO2:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7135/full/nature05699.html

    It is near impossible to separate the warming influence on CO2 levels from the influence of increasing CO2 levels on temperature during a glacial-interglacial transition, as there is a huge overlap between the two. But the detailed measurements at Epica Dome C for the last tranistion already give a clue:

    be it that the error margin is still too huge to be certain.
    Further, there is a huge shift in timing of CO2 vs. T and CH4 at the end of the previous interglacial: T and CH4 where already at a new minimum (and ice sheets at a new maximum), when CO2 levels start to drop, without a measurable effect on T or ice sheets:

    which points to little effect of CO2 on T.
    d18O measured in N2O is a reverse measure for ice sheet formation, here reversed to show ice sheet extent.

    Ironically, the only way to determine the ~0.9K bare no-feedbacks sensitivity is to use a model. The only climate sensitivity that ancient climate data can tell us about is the sensitivity in the real world.

    Sorry, the “model” used to estimate the temperature effect of 2xCO2 is based on the direct absorbance of CO2 over the complete column of air (70 km) as calculated by Hitran and Modtran, based on the line by line spectrum of CO2 and other GHGs in the atmosphere at different pressures (as measured in laboratories). Nothing to do with the speculation by GCM’s…

  151. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 10:46 pm

    we expect that 17– 33% of the fossil fuel carbon will still reside in the atmosphere 1 kyr from now, decreasing to 10– 15% at 10 kyr, and 7% at 100 kyr.

    That is the Bern model. But the Bern model only may have merit if 3000-5000 GtC is released by humans: all available oil and gas and lots of coal. Then we have a saturation of the deep oceans and other much slower mechanisms are needed to remove the excess CO2.

    Meanwhile, the deep oceans are far from saturated and still absorb a large part of human emissions. Of the ~9 GtC/yr emitted by humans (as mass, not individual molecules):
    ~0.5 GtC/yr goes into the ocean surface with a decay rate of 1-3 years (which saturates the ocean surface – the buffer/Revelle factor)
    ~1 GtC/yr goes into more permanent storage by vegetation, where no saturation is in sight.
    ~3 GtC/yr goes into the deep oceans, where no saturation is in sight.
    The latter now has ~300 GtC human emissions stored, or less than 1% of the deep ocean carbon content. If that all gets into equilibrium with the atmosphere after thousands of years, that means a very long term increase of 3 ppmv CO2 in the atmosphere. That is all.

    The error the Bern model makes is translating an enormous emission of CO2 in the far future to the current emissions. There is no reason to expect a saturation of the deep oceans for the next centuries and no saturation at all of the storage in vegetation, which is in fact unlimited for CO2 (but limited for other necessities).

    That makes that besides the ocean surface, which is readily saturated, the deep oceans and vegetation are the current (near) unlimited sinks and the slower sinks play no significant role at all.
    The current sink rate is ~4.5 GtC/yr with an atmospheric pressure in the atmosphere of ~230 GtC (110 ppmv) above equilibrium, the e-fold decay rate is 230/4.5 or ~51 years or a half life time of ~40 years.
    That there is no reduction in sink rate over time is clear from the “airborne fraction” over time:

    or recent:

  152. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 3:45 pm

    No, the rest isn’t models. It’s evidence from the ancient climate and fundamental physics. For instance, over at least the past 420 million years, CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas which warmed the long-term climate by 1.5C to 6.2C per doubling of CO2:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v446/n7135/full/nature05699.html

    ——————–

    Dumb Scientist, your cited reference explicitly states, to wit:

    Here we estimate long-term equilibrium climate sensitivity by modelling carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 420 million years and comparing our calculations with a proxy record. Our estimates are broadly consistent with estimates based on short-term climate records, and indicate that a weak radiative forcing by carbon dioxide is highly unlikely on multi-million-year timescales. We conclude that a climate sensitivity greater than 1.5 °C has probably been a robust feature of the Earth’s climate system over the past 420 million years, regardless of temporal scaling.

    Dumb Scientist, ….. DUH, ….. “…..we estimate ….by modeling ….comparing our calculations …Our estimates are broadly consistent with …and indicate that ….is highly unlikely ….We conclude that …has probably been a robust feature …

    What you have therein, Dumb Scientist, is nothing more than “weazelworded” rhetoric being touted as a means of justifying the author’s “junk science” CAGW agenda.

    Dumb Scientist, … here is the “proxy record” graph the author made reference to, to wit:

    Paleo historic graph of atmospheric CO2 and temperatures

    And here is the abstract source for the above graph, to wit:

    http://www.biocab.org/carbon_dioxide_geological_timescale.html

    And Dumb Scientist, … for your quest of general knowledge on paleoclimate I suggest you start by reading the follow article, to wit:

    Climate and the Carboniferous Period
    Late Carboniferous to Early Permian time (315 mya — 270 mya) is the only time period in the last 600 million years when both atmospheric CO2 and temperatures were as low as they are today (Quaternary Period ).http://www.geocraft.com/WVFossils/Carboniferous_climate.html

    ==============

    Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 4:48 pm

    As before, Henry’s Law just won’t allow 5C of warming to release that much CO2

    OH WOW, …. have you told Budweiser and Coors about that ….. because they have a really big problem trying to keep the CO2 “bottled up” until a person is ready to drink their beer?

  153. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 19, 2013 at 2:31 am
    It is near impossible to separate the warming influence on CO2 levels from the influence of increasing CO2 levels on temperature during a glacial-interglacial transition, as there is a huge overlap between the two. But the detailed measurements at Epica Dome C for the last tranistion already give a clue:
    =======================

    Your interesting claims conflict with the available peer-reviewed literature, which have studied glacial-interglacial transitions and concluded that CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas with a climate sensitivity of 2.2K – 4.8K per doubling of atmospheric CO2:

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v491/n7426/full/nature11574.html

    =======================
    Ironically, the only way to determine the ~0.9K bare no-feedbacks sensitivity is to use a model. The only climate sensitivity that ancient climate data can tell us about is the sensitivity in the real world.
    Sorry, the “model” used to estimate the temperature effect of 2xCO2 is based on the direct absorbance of CO2 over the complete column of air (70 km) as calculated by Hitran and Modtran, based on the line by line spectrum of CO2 and other GHGs in the atmosphere at different pressures (as measured in laboratories). Nothing to do with the speculation by GCM’s…
    =======================

    Hitran and Modtran are models which calculate the temperature effect of 2xCO2 while pretending that everything else stays constant. As the planet warms, water vapor doesn’t evaporate, ice sheets don’t melt, the permafrost doesn’t decompose. The bare no-feedbacks sensitivity only exists in models.

    On the other hand, paleoclimate data tell us about the real-world “Earth system sensitivity” which includes all these real feedbacks.

    =======================
    Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 19, 2013 at 3:09 am
    That is the Bern model. But the Bern model only may have merit if 3000-5000 GtC is released by humans…
    =======================

    Feel free to link to a peer-reviewed paper giving a CO2 lifetime significantly lower than the one I linked.

    • Dumb Scientist:

      The equilibrium climate sensitivity (TECS) is backed out of paleoclimate data through Bayesian parameter estimation. Required for this process is a prior probability density function. This function suffers from a lack of uniqueness with consequential violation of the law of non-contradiction.

      The posterior probability density function that is generated from an arbitrarily selected prior probability density function is not necessarily a true proposition and the claim that is stated by it is insusceptible to being statistically validated in view of the nonobservability of the equilibrium temperature. Thus, TECS is not a scientifically or logically viable concept.

      The alternative to TECS is to build climatological models upon a foundation of independent events, some of them observed. This alternative has yet to be taken by the climatological establishment. While it remains untaken, we will lack a scientific or logical basis for attempting to regulate the climate through controls on carbon dioxide emissions.

  154. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 19, 2013 at 7:54 am
    Dumb Scientist, your cited reference explicitly states, to wit: … “…..we estimate ….by modeling ….comparing our calculations …Our estimates are broadly consistent with …and indicate that ….is highly unlikely ….We conclude that …has probably been a robust feature …” What you have therein, Dumb Scientist, is nothing more than “weazelworded” rhetoric being touted as a means of justifying the author’s “junk science” CAGW agenda.
    =======================

    On November 14, you said “One can actually trust the “fossilized stomata record” because those plants were actually there at the time ….. and were “measuring” the CO2 ppm that was available for their use.”

    So we have observations of CO2 concentrations over time, from fossilized stomata and ice cores, etc. More recently, we have observations of solar/volcanic/etc. forcing, and observations of surface temperatures and observations of ocean heat content.

    1. Can these observations be used to learn about the climate?

    If you don’t think so, then science is impossible.

    2. Is there any way to use these observations to learn about the climate without using equations or physics (i.e. a model)?

    No. Science = models. Anyone who doesn’t like models doesn’t like science. The observations we have are useless without physics.

  155. Terry Oldberg says:
    November 19, 2013 at 8:56 am
    The equilibrium climate sensitivity (TECS) is backed out of paleoclimate data through Bayesian parameter estimation. Required for this process is a prior probability density function. This function suffers from a lack of uniqueness with consequential violation of the law of non-contradiction.
    ==================

    The default prior is uniform for all climate sensitivities. I wish you luck in publishing your new climate model.

    • Dumb Scientist:

      Thanks for authoring the stimulating talking points and for taking the time to respond to my message. According to AR4, two prior PDFs are in common use by global warming climatologists. One is uniform. As I recall, the other is normally distributed. Neither function is logically or scientifically justified.

      As the uniform distribution function is non-informative, in the circumstance in which it is also unique it is logically justified. In the situation in which it is not unique there is a logically objectionable violation of the law of non-contradiction. In relation to question of the posterior PDF of the equilibrium climate sensitivity, the uniform prior lacks uniqueness.

      By the way, while I favor a logically justified and scientific method of construction for those climatological models that are used in regulating greenhouse gas emissions and though we lack such models, currently there is not a market for such a model. Thus, I am not about to build one. In climatology a variant of Gresham’s law is operative in which bad models drive out good ones.

  156. I see that the Dumb Scientist is getting a much-needed education. Maybe some of the nonsense he’s picked up from SkS and similar blogs will be deconstructed by the knowledge available here.

  157. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 3:45 pm

    Where’s the wormhole that’s hiding the 30 billion metric tons of CO2 pollution we emit each year?
    ————————

    Now we can assume the above figure is correct in that humans are CURRENTLY emitting 30 billion metric tons of CO2 pollution into the atmospheres each year …… but it would be foolish and/or asinine to assume they have been doing the same for the past 55 years, since 1958, which “marks” the start of the Mona Loa ‘Keeling Curve’ atmospheric CO2 record.

    Now the Mona Loa data that is plotted on the Keeling Curve graph shows a STEADY and CONSISTENT ….. 1 ppm to 2 ppm yearly increase in atmospheric CO2 for each of said 55 years. Which by the way, was many years before anyone decided to calculate human emissions of CO2 from their burning of fossil fuels.
    =========

    Then: Dumb Scientist says:
    November 18, 2013 at 10:46 pm

    …… we expect that 17– 33% of the fossil fuel carbon will still reside in the atmosphere 1 kyr from now, decreasing to 10– 15% at 10 kyr, and 7% at 100 kyr. The mean lifetime of fossil fuel CO2 is about 30– 35 kyr.
    ———————-

    SO, they EXPECT that much (17– 33%) to remain resident in the atmosphere …. year after year, HUH?

    If we do the math ….. then 17% to 33% of 30 billion metric tons is equal to 5.1 to 9.9 billion tons of CO2 that is remaining resident in the atmosphere …. year after year.

    And if we also do the math, given the average mass of the atmosphere and the current CO2 @ 396 ppm ….. then each one (1) ppm of CO2 in the atmosphere is equal to about 5 billion metric tons of CO2.

    OH MY, MY, …. what a coincidence that is, …. that 1 ppm to 2 ppm yearly increase of CO2 on the KC graph …… is equivalent to …… the aforesaid EXPECTED 17% to 33% of human emissions that is remaining resident in the atmosphere …. year after year. And Mother Nature doesn’t like coincidences, ya know.,

    The maximum CO2 ppm in 1960 was 320.03 which was an increase of 1.74 ppm from 1959.

    And a 1.74 ppm increase in CO2 in 1959 is equal to 8.7 billion tons of CO2, …. or 29% of the 30 billion tons of human emissions.

    Only one problem, humans were not emitting 30 billion metric tons of CO2 each year during the 1950’s and 1960’s due to their burning of fossil fuels.

    cheers

  158. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 19, 2013 at 11:19 am
    “…… we expect that 17– 33% of the fossil fuel carbon will still reside in the atmosphere 1 kyr from now, decreasing to 10– 15% at 10 kyr, and 7% at 100 kyr. The mean lifetime of fossil fuel CO2 is about 30– 35 kyr.”
    ———————-
    SO, they EXPECT that much (17– 33%) to remain resident in the atmosphere …. year after year, HUH? …. what a coincidence that is, …. that 1 ppm to 2 ppm yearly increase of CO2 on the KC graph …… is equivalent to …… the aforesaid EXPECTED 17% to 33% of human emissions that is remaining resident in the atmosphere …. year after year. And Mother Nature doesn’t like coincidences, ya know.,
    ==============================

    To repeat, “17– 33% of the fossil fuel carbon will still reside in the atmosphere 1 kyr from now“. Around the year 3000, in other words. Applying this fraction to the 1900s implies that you’re referring to a hypothetical CO2 pulse in the year ~900. Is that the case?

    ==============================
    The maximum CO2 ppm in 1960 was 320.03 which was an increase of 1.74 ppm from 1959. And a 1.74 ppm increase in CO2 in 1959 is equal to 8.7 billion tons of CO2, …. or 29% of the 30 billion tons of human emissions. Only one problem, humans were not emitting 30 billion metric tons of CO2 each year during the 1950’s and 1960’s due to their burning of fossil fuels.
    ==============================

    NOAA calculates the CO2 growth rate from 1959-1960 at 0.94 ppm/year, not 1.74.

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/

  159. Dumb Scientist says:

    “Science = models.”

    And that, folks, is why ‘Dumb Scientist’ is so deluded. He believes computer models over empirical observations.

    Correction:

    Science = testable, empirical [real world] evidence.

    The IPCC’s models are always wrong. GISS models are always wrong: GISS dishonestly alters the historical record.

    So who should we believe? The real world? Or those always-wrong models, and the NASA/GISS-diddled temperature record?

  160. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 19, 2013 at 8:41 am

    So we have observations of CO2 concentrations over time, from fossilized stomata …
    ————————

    Absolutely NOT, … those were not “observations over time”. They are/were direct measurements of “date and atmospheric CO2 ppm” at the time said fossilized plants were experiencing new growth of their foliage.

    Dumb Scientist, the fossil record of plants and their evolutionary taxonomy is probably 20 times more extensive than the fossil record of animals.

    And that is what makes it possible to use “pollen grains” to date archeological sites and animal fossils.

    No. Science = models. Anyone who doesn’t like models doesn’t like science. The observations we have are useless without physics.

    Dumb Scientist, cease with your obfuscations. And don’t be lecturing me on what is or isn’t science, I’m from the old school when actual, factual science was being taught. Iffen you require a model to “learn science” …. then you best give it up and select another profession.

    And “HA”, Charles Goodyear and Thomas Edison were both “without physics” and they managed to do OK.

  161. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 19, 2013 at 12:29 pm
    “So we have observations of CO2 concentrations over time, from fossilized stomata … ”
    ————————
    Absolutely NOT, … those were not “observations over time”. They are/were direct measurements of “date and atmospheric CO2 ppm” at the time said fossilized plants were experiencing new growth of their foliage.
    =======================

    That’s what I meant. Fossilized stomata directly measured CO2 concentration, and there are many fossilized stomata at different times. So they can tell us what the CO2 concentration was at different points in time. If that’s not what you meant then perhaps we’re talking about different things.

  162. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 19, 2013 at 8:33 am

    which have studied glacial-interglacial transitions and concluded that CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas with a climate sensitivity of 2.2K – 4.8K per doubling of atmospheric CO2
    and
    On the other hand, paleoclimate data tell us about the real-world “Earth system sensitivity” which includes all these real feedbacks.

    Yes, I have read the initial report by J. Hansen about the models that can’t go out of an ice age without the help of CO2 and other greenhouse gases.
    But what do we know about one of the most important feedbacks: clouds? Hardly anything. 2% change in cloud cover is equivalent to a CO2 doubling… What was the change in cloud cover during a glacial-interglacial transition?

    And the feedback of water vapour? Completely absent in current times in the higher troposphere: it is going down, not up. Again cloud feedback is positive in the models, negative in reality.

    And last but not least, the several last years sensitivity studies all push climate sensitivity down to 1.5 K / 2xCO2, so that even the IPCC did lower its range at the lowe side.

    Feel free to link to a peer-reviewed paper giving a CO2 lifetime significantly lower than the one I linked.

    No link necessary: a little process knowledge is sufficient:
    The calculation of an e-fold time for a near linear system (which the CO2 budget is) is quite easy: divide the height of the disturbance from the equilibrium by the observed reaction to that disturbance. Which in this case is 230 GtC/yr / 4.5 GtC/yr or about 51 years.
    That is the real world, not the modelled world.
    The reaction speed didn’t change over 160 years of time and there is no sign of saturation (it even seems to accellerate…), except for the ocean surface, which is already saturated at 10% of the change in the atmosphere (the Revelle factor).

    The Bern model gives many parallel decay rates in different reservoirs, including a part that stays in the atmosphere forever. The real world shows no sign of saturation for the decay rate in the deep oceans and vegetation. The latter even has no saturation bound (as we still use coal as result of ancient CO2 levels…) and goes on forever, as long as CO2 levels are above equilibrium…

  163. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 19, 2013 at 3:07 pm
    … what do we know about one of the most important feedbacks: clouds? Hardly anything. 2% change in cloud cover is equivalent to a CO2 doubling… What was the change in cloud cover during a glacial-interglacial transition? And the feedback of water vapour? Completely absent in current times in the higher troposphere: it is going down, not up. Again cloud feedback is positive in the models, negative in reality.
    =======================

    Estimating feedbacks using climate models requires very detailed, high-resolution models. In that case, one needs to ask all the questions you’re asking.

    But estimating feedbacks by comparing ancient temperatures to ancient CO2 levels and orbital forcings already has all those feedbacks built into the ancient temperature record. However cloud cover changed during glacial-interglacial transitions, the orbital forcing, CO2 amplification, cloud feedback, water vapor feedback, sea-ice albedo feedback, ice sheet feedback, carbon cycle/permafrost feedback, etc… all added together to produce the ancient temperature record.

    That’s why I consider paleoclimate data very informative. All those feedbacks are already in the ancient temperature record. In fact, the PALAEOSENS paper I linked earlier compared the climate sensitivities from climate models to those from paleoclimate data. In order to produce an apples-to-apples comparison, they had to remove feedbacks that were present in the paleodata but weren’t being simulated by the climate models.

    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v491/n7426/full/nature11574.html

    =======================
    And last but not least, the several last years sensitivity studies all push climate sensitivity down to 1.5 K / 2xCO2, so that even the IPCC did lower its range at the lowe side.
    =======================

    The lower limit for the Charney sensitivity has been 1.5 K / 2xCO2 since the 1979 Charney report:

    http://www.atmos.ucla.edu/~brianpm/download/charney_report.pdf

    If we can agree that the lower limit scientists have been using for over 30 years is reasonable, that’s great news.

  164. Made an error:

    230 GtC/yr / 4.5 GtC/yr
    is of course
    230 GtC / 4.5 GtC/yr which gives the e-fold decay rate of an excess amount of CO2 in years, if no further disturbance occurs.

    Dumb Scientist says:
    November 19, 2013 at 3:51 pm

    The lower limit for the Charney sensitivity has been 1.5 K / 2xCO2 since the 1979 Charney report:

    The lower limit of the Charney report and of the IPCC was 1.5 K / 2xCO2 (2 K in the FAR), but with a “best estimate” of 3 K / 2xCO2. The recent empirical evidence is at ~1.8 K “best estimate” with an upper limit of ~3 K and the IPCC doesn’t give a “best estimate” in their latest report.

    http://www.earth-syst-dynam-discuss.net/4/785/2013/esdd-4-785-2013.html

    That’s why I consider paleoclimate data very informative. All those feedbacks are already in the ancient temperature record.

    I do too find them very informative too. Therefore the end of the Eemian is very interesting, as that shows the impact of CO2 alone, whithout overlap of temperature and CH4. Which shows that sensitivity for CO2 is very low.
    Moreover, it is also a matter of attribution: all models attribute a lot of power to CO2 (including feedbacks), depending of the (human) aerosols – CO2 balance. If the impact of human aerosols is huge, then the sensitivity of temperature for CO2 (including feedbacks) is huge and vv. Models with high and low sensitivity both can reproduce the 1945-1975 stop in warming, but the models with the highest sensitivity are those with the highest deviation from reality today. But even the models with the lowest sensitivity now are out of the 95% range. Which means that the sensitivity anyway is below 2 K / 2xCO2. How much will be clear from the length of the “pauze”…

  165. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 20, 2013 at 12:15 am
    The recent empirical evidence is at ~1.8 K “best estimate” with an upper limit of ~3 K and the IPCC doesn’t give a “best estimate” in their latest report.
    ========================================

    Again, if we can agree that the 1.5 K / 2xCO2 lower limit scientists have been using for over 30 years is reasonable, that’s great news.

    ========================================
    I do too find them very informative too. Therefore the end of the Eemian is very interesting, as that shows the impact of CO2 alone, whithout overlap of temperature and CH4. Which shows that sensitivity for CO2 is very low.
    ========================================

    Citation?

    “Glacial-to-interglacial climate change leading to the prior (Eemian) interglacial is less ambiguous and implies a sensitivity in the upper part of the above range, i.e. 3–4°C for a 4 W m−2 CO2 forcing.”

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3785813/

  166. That link is for the transition into the Eemian, but I’d be interested in seeing a paper that calculates a “very low” sensitivity for the end of the Eemian.

  167. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 20, 2013 at 12:47 am

    Again, if we can agree that the 1.5 K / 2xCO2 lower limit scientists have been using for over 30 years is reasonable, that’s great news.

    The 1.5 K / 2xCO2 is the new best guess found, their lower limit is 0.9 K. Seems that there is not much positive feedback left to help CO2 to do what was predicted in previous IPCC reports…
    My best guess is around 1 K / 2xCO2, as good as anyone elses…

    Citation?

    The only model I know of that did an attempt to simulate the end of the Eemian is the ECHAM-G model (climate sensitivity at the low side ~2 K/2xCO2) for the situation at 125 kyear BP and 115 kyear BP. That is just before the drop in CO2:

    http://www.mad.zmaw.de/fileadmin/extern/Publications/simulation.pdf

    The next step would be a model that tries to simulate the situation at 107 kyear BP, but as far as I know, no climate model did perform that…Too risky for high-sensitivity models?

  168. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 19, 2013 at 12:14 pm

    NOAA calculates the CO2 growth rate from 1959-1960 at 0.94 ppm/year, not 1.74.
    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/

    ————————

    Dumb Scientist, quit proving to the world that your “screen name” was chosen for a damn good reason.

    Now let’s see iffen you can do “simple” math subtraction using actual NOAA data, to wit:

    Copied from: NOAA’s complete 1958-2013 monthly average Mona Loa CO2 ppm data
    ftp://ftp.cmdl.noaa.gov/ccg/co2/trends/co2_mm_mlo.txt

    1959 1 1959.042 315.62 315.62 315.70 -1
    1959 2 1959.125 316.38 316.38 315.88 -1
    1959 3 1959.208 316.71 316.71 315.62 -1
    1959 4 1959.292 317.72 317.72 315.56 -1
    1959 5 1959.375 318.29 318.29 315.50 -1
    1959 6 1959.458 318.15 318.15 315.92 -1
    1959 7 1959.542 316.54 316.54 315.66 -1
    1959 8 1959.625 314.80 314.80 315.81 -1
    1959 9 1959.708 313.84 313.84 316.55 -1
    1959 10 1959.792 313.26 313.26 316.19 -1
    1959 11 1959.875 314.80 314.80 316.78 -1
    1959 12 1959.958 315.58 315.58 316.52 -1
    1960 1 1960.042 316.43 316.43 316.51 -1
    1960 2 1960.125 316.97 316.97 316.47 -1
    1960 3 1960.208 317.58 317.58 316.49 -1
    1960 4 1960.292 319.02 319.02 316.86 -1
    1960 5 1960.375 320.03 320.03 317.24 -1
    1960 6 1960.458 319.59 319.59 317.36 -1
    1960 7 1960.542 318.18 318.18 317.30 -1
    1960 8 1960.625 315.91 315.91 316.92 -1
    1960 9 1960.708 314.16 314.16 316.87 -1
    1960 10 1960.792 313.83 313.83 316.76 -1
    1960 11 1960.875 315.00 315.00 316.98 -1
    1960 12 1960.958 316.19 316.19 317.13 -1
    =================================================

    To help you out, …. 320.03 – 318.29 = 1.74 ppm

  169. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 20, 2013 at 3:28 am
    Copied from: NOAA’s complete 1958-2013 monthly average Mona Loa CO2 ppm data … To help you out, …. 320.03 – 318.29 = 1.74 ppm
    ==========================

    NOAA calculates trends using more than just two data points. Please look at the table I linked earlier:

    year ppm/yr
    1959 0.94
    1960 0.54
    1961 0.95
    1962 0.64
    1963 0.71
    1964 0.28
    1965 1.02
    1966 1.24

    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/

  170. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 20, 2013 at 3:08 am
    The 1.5 K / 2xCO2 is the new best guess found, their lower limit is 0.9 K. Seems that there is not much positive feedback left to help CO2 to do what was predicted in previous IPCC reports…
    My best guess is around 1 K / 2xCO2, as good as anyone elses…
    ============================

    Again, feedbacks are already present in paleoclimate data, so the PALAEOSENS paper and Royer et al. 2007 (linked earlier, uses 420 million years of paleodata) both show that the real world climate sensitivity is very unlikely to be as low as 1 K / 2xCO2.

    By coincidence, Figure 3a in both the PALAEOSENS paper and Knutti and Hegerl 2008 summarize dozens of sensitivity studies:

    http://www.iac.ethz.ch/people/knuttir/papers/knutti08natgeo.pdf

    Please note that some individual studies show high sensitivities and some show lower sensitivities. It’s important to avoid “single study syndrome” by considering all the evidence available, and review papers like these are an easy way to do that.

    ============================
    The only model I know of that did an attempt to simulate the end of the Eemian is the ECHAM-G model (climate sensitivity at the low side ~2 K/2xCO2)
    ============================

    You originally called that a “very low” climate sensitivity, but isn’t it actually above the lower limit that scientists have been using since 1979?

  171. “You originally called that a ‘very low’ climate sensitivity, but isn’t it actually above the lower limit that scientists have been using since 1979?”

    Chalk up one more nitpick by the dumb one.

    So what if it’s above or below the lower limit? The alarmist crowd in general routinely uses the scariest, highest sensitivity number they can get away with.

    BTW, where does Dumb Scientist work? Retired? Or using his work time to emit alarmist propaganda?

    In any case it isn’t working. Despite all the reliance on models, Planet Earth is still the only real Authority, and Planet Earth is clearly telling us that CO2=cAGW is nonsense.

    So who should we believe? Planet Earth? Or a dumb scientist, who doesn’t understand either the Scientific Method or the Null Hypothesis?

  172. dbstealey says:
    November 20, 2013 at 10:40 am
    So what if it’s above or below the lower limit?
    ==============================

    Since Ferdinand Engelbeen seemed to say that study is reasonable and provides a “very small” sensitivity of 2K / 2xCO2, I think it’s worth pointing out that scientists have been using a lower limit of 1.5K / 2xCO2 since 1979.

  173. So I guess dumb believes that the IPCC is not composed of scientists…

    …but you know, he may be right. As the article says, “Create a false problem with false science and use bureaucrats to bypass politicians to close industry down and make developed countries pay.”

    A big part of the IPCC consists of NGOs and QUANGOs, not scientists.

  174. dbstealey says:
    November 20, 2013 at 11:02 am
    So I guess dumb believes that the IPCC is not composed of scientists…
    =======================

    Obviously I’ve failed to communicate once again. Have a nice day.

  175. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 19, 2013 at 3:51 pm

    But estimating feedbacks by comparing ancient temperatures to ancient CO2 levels and orbital forcings already has all those feedbacks built into the ancient temperature record.
    ————————

    And therein is the reason that all output data generated by climate modeling programs are utterly FUBAR. They have the “wagon driving the horse” by assuming that CO2 is driving the temperature and thus they include it in the input data. That is bass-ackward to what it should be.

    And, concerning the calculations of “temperature feedbacks” and/or “climate sensitivity”, me thinks that anyone who attempts to do said ….. is stuck in a deep rut and fiercely spinning their wheels and accomplishing nothing except for generating tons of paperwork.

    And my above brash statement was prompted in response to the following:

    Ferdinand Engelbeen asks: “… what do we know about one (1) of the most important feedbacks: clouds? Hardly anything.

    Dumb Scientist offers an excuse for not knowing much of anything about clouds: “Estimating feedbacks using climate models requires very detailed, high-resolution models.

    And to that, Sam C is obligated to ask: “What do we actually know about any of the “FORCERS” and ”BACKFEEDERS” of thermal energy that directly affect earth’s climate?” …… IMHO, we know a lot about them in a “closed” environment (laboratory) ….. but hardly anything about their active role when in an “open” environment (earth’s atmosphere).

    The earth’s atmosphere ITSELF is an extremely dynamic “very detailed, high-resolution model” and if you can not measure the effects therein of the individual components ….. then it is impossible to create a computer modeling program that would simulate said measurements for you. Even if you could create said model then it would only be capable of a generating a single “snap-shot” of what was …… and/or a zillion “snap-shots” of what might be. Computer modeling software can not foresee the effects of individual entities in a dynamically ever-changing environment.

    And Dumb Scientist also stated: “However cloud cover changed during glacial-interglacial transitions, the orbital forcing, CO2 amplification, cloud feedback, water vapor feedback, sea-ice albedo feedback, ice sheet feedback, carbon cycle/permafrost feedback, etc… all added together to produce the ancient temperature record.

    And he was almost correct about that, …. and I might add, … they were ALL changing and they will also all be added together to produce future temperature records. And given the fact he noted the difference between clouds and water vapor (humidity) then he neglected to mention another highly important entity, fog. The thermal energy “forcing” and/or ”backfeeding” properties of fog is most probably equal to or even greaten than clouds, especially in the Temperate Zones. Fog acts as a “bi-directional” buffer of thermal energy exactly the same way as clouds do.

    Mountain fog, valley fog, lowland fog, river fog, lake fog, ocean fog, seashore fog, after rain event fog, during rain event fog, London fog, etc., …. they all add up by the end of each year.

    And IMHO, I think it is hilariously funny for anyone to assert that atmospheric CO2 is the “backfeeding” FORCER of thermal energy ….. to the atmospheric H2O vapor which is the “forcing” BACKFEEDER of that same thermal energy ….. to the earth’s surface causing increases in temperature.

    I seriously doubt that 400 molecules of CO2 are capable of FORCING very much thermal energy onto 16,000 to 40,000 molecules of H2O vapor.

    A simple experiment will either prove or disprove all CAGW claims about CO2 …. so why doesn’t someone conduct said scientific research?

  176. NOAA calculates trends using more than just two data points. Please look at the table I linked earlier.
    ————————
    Dumb Scientist, why don’t you take the next 72 hours off, find a secluded spot, and try to figure out what the difference is between …. 1) an actual yearly increase, …… 2) a yearly average increase ….. and 3) a yearly trend.

  177. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 20, 2013 at 10:27 am

    Again, feedbacks are already present in paleoclimate data, so the PALAEOSENS paper and Royer et al. 2007 (linked earlier, uses 420 million years of paleodata) both show that the real world climate sensitivity is very unlikely to be as low as 1 K / 2xCO2.

    The real world climate sensitivity to what?
    One of the problems with models I have is that they implement a similar sensitivity for different forcings (except for Hansen’s “efficacy” differences of +/- 10%). That means that 1 W/m2 of insolation has about the same influence as 1 W/m2 more IR downwelling by CO2. But that is highly questionable. Solar influence is highest partly in the lower stratosphere by UV and partly deep in the ocean surface layer, heating the whole upper layer, while UV/ozon warms the lower stratosphere pushing the jet stream currents polewards, changing wind- and rainpatterns and cloud cover.
    IR downwelling from CO2 has its largest influence on the top fraction of a mm of the ocean surface, warming that part (or decreasing cooling) and probably increasing evaporation. No proven influence on cloud cover, rain- or windpatterns.
    And that is supposed to have the same effect?
    Even some (HadCM3) model runs showed that solar was probably underestimated, compared to other forcings:

    http://climate.envsci.rutgers.edu/pdf/StottEtAl.pdf

    all within the constraints of the model (like a fixed influence of human aerosols, also highly questionable)…

    You originally called that a “very low” climate sensitivity, but isn’t it actually above the lower limit that scientists have been using since 1979?

    I said: “climate sensitivity at the low side ~2 K/2xCO2″, not “very low”, but even the Echam-G model fails to reproduce the current standstill, thus its 2 K/2xCO2 is too high. Which is readily admitted by Hans Von Storch, who I think is one of the most honest scientists in climate science.

    The point is that several models can reproduce the glacial-interglacial transition with any degree of sensitivity for 2xCO2, simply because there is a huge overlap between T and CO2 changes, allowing any amount of feedback, but that no climate model (the ECHAM-G model only partly) dared to reproduce the Eemian interglacial-glacial transition where there is no overlap between T changes and CO2 changes, which would make clear what the skill of the models is in predicting the real sensitivity for CO2 alone…

  178. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 20, 2013 at 11:40 am

    If all that CO2 vanished, temperatures would fall, water vapor would rain back into the oceans, causing temperatures to fall further.
    ————————

    OH good grief, …..Dumb Scientist, …. when the Sunshine quits striking the earth’s surface due to daytime cloud or fog cover or night time darkness …… the temperatures are going to fall regardless of whether or not there is 398+- ppm of CO2 in the air.

    That is unless a Warm Front (of warm H2O vapor) blows in to keep the temperatures higher.

    And that is A FACT, …….. and iffen you don’t believe me then take you body out to the desert south of Phoenix, AZ, ….. and spend 3 or 4 days and nights out there with nothing but your short shorts on to keep your body warm. If you won’t listen then you will have to feel, ….. feel the cold because that 398+- ppm of CO2 that’s in the air there is not going to keep your arse warm after the Sun sets. All the heat of daytime will be radiated back into space at night time.

    “DUH”, …..Dumb Scientist, …. have you ever heard of a Warm Front of CO2 blowing into a locale? ……….. Hell no, …. because no such thing exists.

    If you love CO2 so much why don’t you “insulate” your home with it …….. to keep your body warm in the winter time and cool in the summer time?

  179. My comment has been awaiting moderation for over an hour, probably because of the links catching a spam filter.

    [Reply: No, you were given a 24-hour timeout by Anthony @1:38 pm, 11/20/2013. — mod.]

  180. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 20, 2013 at 12:22 pm

    Again, the NOAA table I linked calculates the trend in 1959 as 0.94 ppm/year.
    —————-

    Dumb Scientist, do you want me to start telling you exactly what you should be including in your postings ….. so that your commentary will agree with whatever another poster is telling you?

    If not, ……. then cease with your tripe of telling me what I should have written, …. just to appease your bruised ego and embarrassment.

    Dumb Scientist, here following is a scientific experiment that I conjured up several years ago. Why don’t you execute the experiment and prove to the world the “truth” about CO2 being a “greenhouse” gas with horrendous warming potential for the earth’s surface.
    ——————-

    Build two (2) identical size frameworks, ……. say 10′ x 10′ x 10′ square (cube), …. out of 1/2″ plastic pipe, …. outside in an area where each will receive the same amount of Sunshine, airflow, etc., ……. place a temperature sensor in a central location inside of them, ……… then cover them “air tight” (top, sides & bottom) with 4 mil clear plastic sheeting …… and when the night time temperatures in both stabilizes and reads the same, …….. then at say 1 AM inject enough CO2 in one (1) of them to increase the current 398+- ppm of CO2 to say 800 ppm (a doubling of the CO2).

    Then at 3 AM start recording the temperatures in each structure …… and again every hour on the hour (or every half hour, or ten minutes) ……. for the next 24 hours (or 48 hours if you wish).

    And if CO2 is the global warming “greenhouse” gas that all the climate scientists and/or proponents of CAGW claims it is, …… then when the Sun rises in the morning and starts shining on the structures, the temperature in the structure containing 800 ppm CO2 ……. should start increasing sooner and faster and reach a greater temperature than in the other structure ……… and when the Sun starts setting the temperature inside the structure with 800 ppm CO2 should remain higher than it is in the other structure up until and past the 3 AM starting point.

    And if it doesn’t, ….. then the CO2 causing AGW claims are totally FUBAR.

  181. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 21, 2013 at 3:12 am
    “… a scientific experiment that I conjured up several years ago. Why don’t you execute the experiment and prove to the world the “truth” about CO2 being a “greenhouse” gas…”
    ============================

    You then used a non-scientific adjective which I’ve never used to describe the greenhouse effect. But more importantly, you seem to think that I have nothing better to do than build greenhouses to confirm 150+ year old science.

    Please keep in mind that confirming Einstein’s relativity is an exercise for students, and it’s much younger at about 100 years old. After graduation, scientists spend most of their time trying to push back the frontiers of knowledge, not confirming that water is wet or that CO2 is a greenhouse gas.

    If you’re actually curious about the greenhouse effect, you might enjoy the NAS video series I linked above.

  182. Ferdinand Engelbeen says:
    November 20, 2013 at 1:31 pm
    show that the real world climate sensitivity is very unlikely to be as low as 1 K / 2xCO2.
    The real world climate sensitivity to what? One of the problems with models I have is that they implement a similar sensitivity for different forcings (except for Hansen’s “efficacy” differences of +/- 10%).
    ====================

    A few weeks ago I tried to explain that the climate efficacy of each forcing differs by more than +/- 10%:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/06/public-relations-spin-doctors-deliberately-deceived-public-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/#comment-1469639

    ====================
    I said: “climate sensitivity at the low side ~2 K/2xCO2?, not “very low”,
    ====================

    Then I’m still waiting for a citation to back up your claim that “Therefore the end of the Eemian is very interesting, as that shows the impact of CO2 alone, whithout overlap of temperature and CH4. Which shows that sensitivity for CO2 is very low.”

    The rest of your claims are uncited, like your claim of a “current standstill”. Please calculate the trends and uncertainties for the period you claim a “standstill” is happening, and do the same for an equal timespan before the beginning of your “standstill”. I’ve tried very hard to find a changepoint and dataset where the uncertainty bars don’t overlap, but I’ve failed. Can you succeed? If not, then it seems like there hasn’t been a statistically significant change in the surface warming rate.

    http://www.skepticalscience.com/trend.php

    (First posted on November 20, 2013 at 2:02 pm.)

    ====================================
    Dumb Scientist says:
    November 20, 2013 at 4:01 pm
    My comment has been awaiting moderation for over an hour, probably because of the links catching a spam filter.
    [Reply: No, you were given a 24-hour timeout by Anthony @1:38 pm, 11/20/2013. — mod.]
    ====================================

    Thank you very much for that clarification. Since these links aren’t the problem and more than 24 hours have past since Anthony gave me a 24-hour timeout, can I please post this response?

  183. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 20, 2013 at 2:37 pm
    OH good grief, …..Dumb Scientist, …. when the Sunshine quits striking the earth’s surface due to daytime cloud or fog cover or night time darkness …… the temperatures are going to fall regardless of whether or not there is 398+- ppm of CO2 in the air. That is unless a Warm Front (of warm H2O vapor) blows in to keep the temperatures higher.
    =========================

    On November 18, 2013 at 9:38 pm I explained that water vapor is a feedback, not a forcing:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1478929

    Again, if all that CO2 vanished, temperatures would fall, water vapor would rain back into the oceans, causing temperatures to fall further. Again, chapter 3 in this video series from the National Academy of Sciences is relevant (emphasis mine):

    “… as the Sun’s energy hits Earth, some of it is reflected back to space, but most of it is absorbed by land and oceans. This absorbed energy is then radiated upward from the surface of Earth in the form of heat. In the absence of greenhouse gases, this heat would simply escape to space and the planet’s average surface temperature would be well below freezing. But greenhouse gases absorb and redirect some of this energy downward, keeping heat near the surface of Earth. As concentrations of heat-trapping greenhouse gases increase in the atmosphere, Earth’s natural greenhouse effect is amplified, like having a thicker blanket, and surface temperatures slowly rise. …”

    http://nas-sites.org/americasclimatechoices/videos-multimedia/climate-change-lines-of-evidence-videos/

    (First posted on November 20, 2013 at 2:46 pm. Note that this is the quote I was referring to at 4:00 pm today. Originally it was “above” that comment, but now it’s below. Sorry for the confusion.)

  184. Jim Cripwell wrote in a thread on sensitivity: “…there is no CO2 signal in any temperature/time graph using data from the 20th and 21st centuries. Since there is no signal that is discernable above the noise of natural variations, it follows that the total climate sensitivity of the additional CO2 in the atmosphere is indistinguishable from zero. By “total climate sensitivity”, I mean the rise of global temperatures as a function of the change in concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere at current levels.”

    Climate sensitivity to 2xCO2 is so low that it is indistinguishable from noise. And since it is so low, there is no need to change national policy regarding CO2. Only those with a vested interest would try to argue otherwise…

    …isn’t that so, dumb scientist?

  185. dbstealey says:
    November 21, 2013 at 6:39 pm
    “Jim Cripwell wrote in a thread on sensitivity… Climate sensitivity to 2xCO2 is so low that it is indistinguishable from noise. And since it is so low, there is no need to change national policy regarding CO2. Only those with a vested interest would try to argue otherwise… isn’t that so, dumb scientist?”
    ============================

    On this page, I’ve linked dozens of climate sensitivity studies using data from the 20th and 21st centuries, and data from the last 420 million years. I’ve also agreed with the National Academy of Sciences that we urgently need to address climate change.

    Just because I disagree with a WUWT comment doesn’t imply a vested interest. Here are a few other examples where I also think that implication would be undeserved…

  186. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 20, 2013 at 3:28 am
    Dumb Scientist, quit proving to the world that your “screen name” was chosen for a damn good reason. Now let’s see iffen you can do “simple” math subtraction using actual NOAA data, to wit: Copied from: NOAA’s complete 1958-2013 monthly average Mona Loa CO2 ppm data
    =============================

    Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 21, 2013 at 3:12 am
    “Again, the NOAA table I linked calculates the trend in 1959 as 0.94 ppm/year.”
    —————-
    Dumb Scientist, do you want me to start telling you exactly what you should be including in your postings ….. so that your commentary will agree with whatever another poster is telling you? If not, ……. then cease with your tripe of telling me what I should have written, …. just to appease your bruised ego and embarrassment.
    ============================

    I’m just disagreeing with your claim, which seems to contradict the NOAA CO2 trend table I linked. I didn’t mean to tell you what you should have written, I was just trying to answer your original question:

    ============================
    Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 19, 2013 at 11:19 am
    … a 1.74 ppm increase in CO2 in 1959 is equal to 8.7 billion tons of CO2, … or 29% of the 30 billion tons of human emissions. Only one problem, humans were not emitting 30 billion metric tons of CO2 each year during the 1950’s and 1960’s due to their burning of fossil fuels.
    =============================

    You seemed to imply an inconsistency between human CO2 emissions and the observed atmospheric CO2 increase at Mauna Loa. But the first graph in the second link I gave on November 17, 2013 at 8:07 pm was Fig. 1 from Knorr 2009:

    http://radioviceonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/knorr2009_co2_sequestration.pdf

    Fig. 1 estimates human emissions back to 1850, along with ice core records and Mauna Loa records of atmospheric CO2. Roughly 46% of our CO2 emissions stay in the air, so that line is plotted dashed to represent our contribution to the atmosphere. In ~1960, ~46% of our emissions were still under 2 GtC/year. That’s also about the same as the increase in atmospheric CO2: under 2 GtC/year. The two curves have similar long-term behavior, showing consistency between human emissions and atmospheric CO2.

  187. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 21, 2013 at 5:24 pm

    On November 18, 2013 at 9:38 pm I explained that water vapor is a feedback, not a forcing:
    —————-

    Don’t be silly, you just claimed that it is “a feedback, not a forcing” but you did not provide a scientific explanation for you claim that H2O vapor only functions as a “feedback” mechanism of thermal energy.

    GETTA CLUE, …. Dumb S, …. CO2 can not FORCE thermal energy onto anything. It absorbs and emits energy the same as H2O vapor. It absorbs IR energy radiated from the surface …. and FEEDSBACK part of it to the surface …. the same as H2O vapor does. CO2 ALSO absorbs energy via COLLISIONS with other gas molecules and it FEEDSBACK part of that energy to the surface …. the same as H2O vapor does. In collisions, the gas molecule that contains the most energy is the “feedback” molecule.

    And CO2 is a piss poor “feedback” molecule because there is not sufficient quantity of it in the atmosphere to make any difference. And that is EXACTLY why your arse will get cold if you spend a night in the desert.

    “… as the Sun’s energy hits Earth, some of it is reflected back to space, but most of it is absorbed by land and oceans. This absorbed energy is then radiated upward from the surface of Earth in the form of heat. In the absence of greenhouse gases, this heat would simply escape to space and the planet’s average surface temperature would be well below freezing.

    First of all, the functioning of a greenhouse is NOT dependent upon the type or quantity of gases CONFINED within its structure. Therefore there is no such thing as a “greenhouse” gas. And the earth’s atmosphere DOES NOT function like a “greenhouse” because it is not confined.

    Anyway, Dumb S, …. the other problem I have with your above quoted comment is, …. just why did you specifically state “In the absence of greenhouse gases”, ….. DUH??

    Dumb S, …. why did you not explicitly state “In the absence of CO2 gas this heat would simply escape to space and the planet’s average surface temperature would be well below freezing” ………. given the fact that is what you first claimed when you stated ….. “Again, if all that CO2 vanished, temperatures would fall, water vapor would …..

    Your SELECTIVE inclusion of H2O vapor ONLY when it best suits your belief agenda is, IMHO, … disingenuous “junk science”. Like you did for the 2nd time in the following, to wit:

    As concentrations of heat-trapping greenhouse gases increase in the atmosphere, Earth’s natural greenhouse effect is amplified, like having a thicker blanket, and surface temperatures slowly rise. …”

    Why didn’t you simply state ….. “As concentrations of CO2 gas increase in the atmosphere, . …””???? …. Was that because you knew that even if you doubled the CO2 it would add little to no “thickness” to your blanket?

  188. RockyRoad says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:17 pm
    “So what’s in it for Maurice Strong? Does he figure the world will elect him to be King of the World, after he plunges the world into chaos and destroys the world’s economy?
    He’s as clueless as he is evil. I wish he’d quickly “age out”.”

    Why do you believe that Strong would leave anyone to “elect” him? I very much doubt that the UN, when it achieves its Article 21 status as “World Government,” will allow anything quite as naff as elections!

  189. J. Philip Peterson says:
    November 13, 2013 at 7:30 pm
    “Is Maurice Strong still alive? Haven’t seen him on the MSM or even MSNBC.”

    Last heard of residing in Beijing (or whatever they call it these days) after the Iraq “Oil for Food” scandal.

  190. Dumb Scientist says:

    “I’ve linked dozens of climate sensitivity studies using data from the 20th and 21st centuries, and data from the last 420 million years… Just because I disagree with a WUWT comment doesn’t imply a vested interest.”

    First off: is it true, as alluded before, that you are employed by a government agency? If so, then you do have a vested interest. You want that next pay raise, and/or that next promotion, don’t you?

    Next, by posting those big scary numbers you probably hope to be convincing. You are not. I have data going back 4.6 billion years, which surely trumps your “420 million years”. And I note that your comment is merely an assertion, with no other worthwhile value.

    Finally, if climate sensitivity was high, we would clearly see the result in rising global temperatures. But we don’t; we see flat to declining temperatures despite the steady rise in [harmless, beneficial] CO2.

    Thus, the whole ‘sensitivity’ claim is deconstructed. It is a non-issue. There is no measurable climate sensitivity to rising CO2. None. There are only assertions like yours. That is not enough for the internet’s “Best Science” site. Not nearly enough. Either provide testable measurements, or go fish.

    Admit it: the planet’s putative ‘sensitivity’ to rising CO2 [and the supposed anthropogenic part of it], is only a WAG. A conjecture. An opinion. A Belief.

  191. The NAS only wishes its position/pseudo-science was “incontrovertable”, because the controversy is drawing blood which it cannot afford to lose. It will shortly be a shrivelled husk.

  192. Brian H says:
    November 22, 2013 at 4:31 pm
    The NAS only wishes its position/pseudo-science was “incontrovertable”, because the controversy is drawing blood which it cannot afford to lose. It will shortly be a shrivelled husk.
    ========================

    That word isn’t in the NAS letter or the dictionary. Instead of fantasizing about death, please consider the possibility that you’re making mistakes about the science that all 45 of those organizations, including NASA, AGU, APS, AIP, AMS, etc. agree about.

  193. Correction: “indisputable”.
    The NAS only wishes its position/pseudo-science was “indisputable”, because the dispute is drawing blood which it cannot afford to lose. It will shortly be a shrivelled husk.

  194. My colleagues keep telling me not to waste my time here but I’m skeptical of their claims that many WUWT regulars are already lost to Morton’s demons. If I take time away from my research to respond in more detail to y’all’s latest claims, will y’all read my comments with open minds?

  195. Rather than not wasting your time here, how about not wasting the taxpayers’ money? Haven’t you ever heard of time stamps?? You comment and blog 24/7, and I am sure that is not in your federal job description.

    And speaking of an open mind, that is simply your own psychological projection. The fact is that your CO2=cAGW nonsense is being deconstructed by the ultimate Authority: planet earth.

    All you have ever posted is lots of pal reviewed, model-based papers, and appeals to corrupt ‘authorities’. That is hardly following the Scientific Method or the Null Hypothesis.

    And, your “colleague(s)”? We’re not stupid, we can see that you’re just looking for a face-saving way out, rather than being seen tucking tail and running. Maybe if you would stick to facts — if you can find any to support your position — you could put up a reasonable argument. But so far, you are very short on facts, and long on assertions.

    • dbstealy

      A conjecture regarding global warming can neither be falsified nor validated until a conjecture referencing the underlying events is made. A conjecture is falsified if the predicted relative frequencies of the outcomes of events fail to match the observed relative frequencies. This conjecture is validated if the predicted relative frequencies of the outcomes of events match the observed relative frequencies. For modern global warming climatology, there are no events, hence a conjecture can neither be falsified nor validated. As a guide to policy making, modern global warming climatology is a complete failure.

  196. dbstealey says:
    November 22, 2013 at 11:11 am
    … I have data going back 4.6 billion years, which surely trumps your “420 million years”. And I note that your comment is merely an assertion, with no other worthwhile value.
    =============================

    I linked to Royer et al. 2007 which showed that over at least the past 420 million years, CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas which warmed the long-term climate by 1.5C to 6.2C per doubling of CO2.

    I linked to the 2012 PALAEOSENS paper which showed that over the pastd 65 million years, CO2 has acted as a greenhouse gas which warmed the long-term climate by 2.2C to 4.8C per doubling of CO2.

    I linked to Knutti and Hegerl 2008 which summarizes dozens of sensitivity studies.

    Please link to a paper supporting your assertion that 4.6 Gyr of data disproves these conclusions.

    =============================
    Finally, if climate sensitivity was high, we would clearly see the result in rising global temperatures. But we don’t; we see flat to declining temperatures despite the steady rise in [harmless, beneficial] CO2.
    =============================

    As I explained on November 18, 2013 at 12:49 pm, the Earth continues to gain heat.

    Your claim of flat (surface, presumably?) temperatures is also uncited. Please calculate the trends and uncertainties for the period you think temperatures are “flat”, and do the same for an equal timespan before the beginning of the “flat” period. I’ve tried very hard to find a changepoint and dataset where the uncertainty bars don’t overlap, but I’ve failed. Can you succeed? If not, then it seems like there hasn’t been a statistically significant change in the surface warming rate.

    http://www.skepticalscience.com/trend.php

    • Dumb Scientist:

      Please note that when a value is assigned to the equilibrium temperature sensitivity (TECS) this value is the result of an argument, one of whose premises is unproved. The unproved premise is the so-called “prior probability density function.”

  197. @ Terry Oldberg — Nicely stated. Dumb will either pretend not to understand you and or mischaracterize what you say and or be too choked with ego and or stupidity to comprehend your refutation, but, the rest of us can see…

    that you just struck a fatal blow to Dumb’s sophistry.

    Well done!

  198. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 22, 2013 at 4:50 am
    “On November 18, 2013 at 9:38 pm I explained that water vapor is a feedback, not a forcing:”
    —————-
    “Don’t be silly, you just claimed that it is “a feedback, not a forcing” but you did not provide a scientific explanation for you claim that H2O vapor only functions as a “feedback” mechanism of thermal energy.”
    =============================

    I provided a scientific explanation at the bottom of this comment:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1478929

    =============================
    “GETTA CLUE, …. Dumb S, …. CO2 can not FORCE thermal energy onto anything. It absorbs and emits energy the same as H2O vapor. It absorbs IR energy radiated from the surface …. and FEEDSBACK part of it to the surface …. the same as H2O vapor does. CO2 ALSO absorbs energy via COLLISIONS with other gas molecules and it FEEDSBACK part of that energy to the surface …. the same as H2O vapor does. In collisions, the gas molecule that contains the most energy is the “feedback” molecule.”
    =============================

    The definitions of feedback and forcing in atmospheric physics are similar to the definitions in electrical engineering. For example, consider a sound amplifier. The forcing is the music; the feedback just multiplies the forcing to make it louder.

    =============================
    “First of all, the functioning of a greenhouse is NOT dependent upon the type or quantity of gases CONFINED within its structure. Therefore there is no such thing as a “greenhouse” gas. And the earth’s atmosphere DOES NOT function like a “greenhouse” because it is not confined.”
    =============================

    Actually, the atmosphere is confined by gravity which means the Earth can’t convect energy to space. It can only radiate energy to space, in much the same way that a greenhouse’s glass prevents convection with the outside air.

    When scientists refer to greenhouse gases, they’re talking about gases that absorb and emit long-wave (>4um) infrared radiation. As scientists have known for over a century, these gases trap heat near the Earth’s surface. (See NAS video above.)

    =============================
    “Anyway, Dumb S, …. the other problem I have with your above quoted comment is, …. just why did you specifically state “In the absence of greenhouse gases”, ….. DUH?? … Your SELECTIVE inclusion of H2O vapor ONLY when it best suits your belief agenda is, IMHO, … disingenuous “junk science”.”
    =============================

    I tried to explain that the oceans are filled with liquid water, not liquid CO2 or methane. As a result, the equilibrium concentration of H2O in the atmosphere is predetermined by other forcings.

    If I spent the time to find a reference which can explain this better than I can, would you read it with an open mind?

  199. Janice Moore says:
    November 22, 2013 at 10:05 pm
    @ Terry Oldberg — Nicely stated. Dumb will either pretend not to understand you…
    ========================

    No, I genuinely don’t understand him.

  200. @ John Piccirilli — YES! Heh, heh. You said it. Excellent argument.

    GAME OVER, Dumbo — You lose. Get it?
    (you haven’t understood anything you’ve been told so far,
    this should be just about your speed…)

  201. dbstealey says at WUWT here: 2013/11/18/cowtan-and-ways-pausebuster-still-flat-compared-to-models/#comment-1479685
    November 19, 2013 at 7:45 pm
    Do an archive search here, and find out how easily the Venus argument has been deconstructed. Because teaching a newbie some basic facts is more than I care to do right now …unless challenged by said noob.
    ===========================
    Ed_B says at WUWT here: 2013/11/06/public-relations-spin-doctors-deliberately-deceived-public-about-global-warming-and-climate-change/#comment-1468656
    November 7, 2013 at 2:35 pm
    … As the satellite probe decended into the Venus atmosphere, what was the temperatre when the pressure was equal to earths ground pressure? There is a lot of discussion of this fact in the reference I gave you.
    ===========================

    In that thread I was comparing Venus to Mercury, not Earth. I also noted that the effective radiating level is at the surface for a planet without greenhouse gases. The greenhouse effect raises this effective radiating level, which warms the surface.

    Everyone claiming we should compare temperatures at the surface of one planet to a point above the surface of another planet for some vague and verbose reason related to gas laws are inadvertently ignoring the greenhouse effect below that point. Conservation of energy determines the long-term equilibrium surface temperature, not pressure.

    ===========================
    Ed_B says:
    November 7, 2013 at 7:51 pm
    Dumb Scientist: here is some physics for you:
    by Harry Dale Huffman
    Surprisingly to most, there is no greenhouse effect at all, and you can prove it for yourself. You can find the temperature and pressure profiles for the Venusian atmosphere… So there is no greenhouse effect. You have just proved that climate science is utterly wrong to think otherwise. This is the scandal that so many “experts” in climate science, and all the scientific authorities, will not face. Listen to the physicists that tell you there is no greenhouse effect; they know without having to go to the Venus data — and I am one of them. The continuing incompetence on this vital point among so many scientists, for more than a century, is amazing, and tragic..
    ===========================

    I asked “what about albedo?” but got no reply, so I read Huffman’s website:

    ===========================
    “…as a logical fact… the two atmospheres must DIRECTLY absorb the SAME FRACTION of the incident solar radiation. … Any “expert”, upon seeing this amazing result, should quickly have realized it means both atmospheres must absorb the same fraction of the incident solar radiation, and be warmed only by that fraction. … the two atmospheres DO, factually, absorb the same fraction of the solar radiation incident upon them, there was, in reality, no physical reason to extend the analysis by ‘correcting for albedo’. But I seriously underestimated the level of determined ignorance–alias incompetence–of the “experts”, and dropped part way down to their level for a time.”
    Harry Dale Huffman, 2010-11-22

    http://archive.is/zdZKG

    ===========================

    This seems to be his answer to my question about albedo. He claims it’s a logical fact that Venus and Earth reflect the same fraction of sunlight. This is wrong.

    Huffman’s claim can be debunked by pointing a telescope at Venus and measuring its brightness to estimate Venus’s albedo. Then point that telescope at a New Moon and measure Earth shine to estimate Earth’s albedo. Venus really is whiter than the Earth; in fact its albedo is about twice that of Earth’s.

    Since he gives no reasoning, why would his logical fact be restricted to Venus and Earth? If it’s a logical fact that Venus and Earth reflect the same fraction of sunlight, some of the sunlight reflected by Earth reflects off water, land, ice, buildings, roads, Oreo cookies, etc. His logical fact has to apply to all possible albedo comparisons. Isn’t Huffman claiming that all objects have the same albedo?

    What does Huffman see when he looks at an Oreo cookie? Do the black cookies have a lower albedo than the white filling between them? Or does the logical fact that all objects have the same albedo mean that everything in Huffman’s world appears the same shade of gray?

    When Morton’s demon has a grip this strong, all hope is lost.

  202. Terry Oldberg says:
    November 22, 2013 at 10:39 pm
    … For modern global warming climatology, there are no events, hence a conjecture can neither be falsified nor validated. …
    ==================================

    I’m too choked with ego and or stupidity to comprehend your fatal refutation of my sophistry, but you should also inform these people:

    ==================================
    Hansen falsified: His extreme sea level rise projections are drowning in hubris
    Posted on May 29, 2013 by Patrick J. Michaels and Paul C. “Chip” Knappenberger
    ==================================
    July hottest ever, but U.S. tornado count – lowest since 1951: ‘poisoned weather’ meme falsified by Nature
    Posted on August 13, 2012 by Anthony Watts
    ==================================
    Hockey stick falsification – so easy a caveman kid can do it
    Posted on December 1, 2011 by Anthony Watts
    ==================================
    Steig et al – falsified
    Posted on May 29, 2009 by Anthony Watts
    ==================================
    Global Warming theory has failed all tests, so alarmists return to the ‘97% consensus’ hoax
    Posted on June 5, 2013 by Anthony Watts
    ==================================
    ferd berple says:
    November 20, 2013 at 7:14 am
    … There were many climate scientists that predicted cycles of warming and cooling, before Hansen and Gore made their (now falsified) predictions of continued warming due to CO2.
    ==================================
    NikFromNYC says:
    July 26, 2013 at 8:42 pm
    … Lots of us became skeptics for chance reasons when we ran into some devastating bit of data that falsified alarmist claims…
    ==================================
    Ken Hall says:
    July 25, 2013 at 11:37 am
    … The models failed. the theory upon which those models were built, has been falsified.
    ==================================
    milodonharlani says:
    June 20, 2013 at 9:04 am
    …The CACCA hypothesis was falsified in the 1960s & ’70s when temperatures fell (also requiring recent “adjustments” upwards), despite rising CO2, & has been falsified again since 1995, since when temperature flat-lined & has now turned down. …
    ==================================
    milodonharlani says:
    June 20, 2013 at 12:32 pm
    Yes, reality is a lot more complicated than the repeatedly falsified doctrine of faith, “CO2 is the primary driver of climate change.” …
    ==================================

    [Thank you for your comments, and the very clear separator lines between each of the above, but this moderator is unable to tell which of the above words are your responses, and which are you quoting the writers listed. Please use the site's "convention" of using "blockquote" around a previous writer's words, and plain text for one's own words. Mod]

  203. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 22, 2013 at 10:22 pm

    I provided a scientific explanation at the bottom of this comment:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1478929

    —————-

    Yup, you provided this, …. which is an opinion, …. not a scientific explanation.

    Dumb Scientist SAID ON:
    November 18, 2013 at 9:38 pm

    Increasing the concentration of H2O by itself can’t warm the climate because the equilibrium concentration of H2O is essentially predetermined by all the other factors which determine sea surface temperatures. Water vapor is a feedback, not a forcing, so it can’t possibly have caused the PETM.
    ———————–

    Dumb S, are these the “equilibrium concentrations” you are referring to?

    Atmospheric concentrations and heat “trapping” ability of “greenhouse” gases

    Carbon dioxide (CO2) 396 ppm — 0.0396% —– Specific Heat Capacity – 0.844 kJ/kg K
    Water vapor (H2O) 10 to 40K ppm – 1% to 4% – Specific Heat Capacity – 1.930 kJ/kg K
    Methane —— (CH4) 1.745 ppm – 0.0001745% — Specific Heat Capacity – 2.220 kJ/kg K

    spe•cif•ic heat – noun – Physics – specific heat capacity
    1. the heat required to raise the temperature of the unit mass of a given substance by a given amount (usually one degree).
    ——————

    Dumb S, if the “near surface” air contains 396 ppm of CO2 and 10,000 ppm of H2O vapor, which is 25 times greater than the CO2 ….. and you measure the temperature of the air with a thermometer …. and it reads 70F ….. then there is no question to the FACT that the H2O vapor therein will contain the majority of thermal energy (25 x 2.3 = 57.5 times more heat energy than the CO2).

    And Dumb S, one of the “factors” that determines sea surface temperatures is a “two-way-street”.

    If the atmospheric H2O vapor (humidity, fog or rain water) is WARMER than the sea surface then thermal energy will be transferred into the sea surface from the atmosphere.

    If the sea surface is WARMER than the atmospheric H2O vapor (humidity or fog) then thermal energy will be transferred into the atmosphere from the sea surface.

    Dumb Scientist, cease with the PJE ….. and stick to the facts.

    And atmospheric physics (climate scientists) shouldn’t be making up “new” definitions for the sole purpose to justify their “junk science” claims.

    And gravity does not prevent the axial rotation of the earth, the winds or the air thermals from convecting energy throughout the atmosphere surrounding the earth …. thus constantly causing drastic changes in air temperature ….. depending on which way the wind blows. Like I once quipped, ….. “stadium waves = circular reasoning”.

    And there is no equilibrium concentration of H2O in the atmosphere because there is no equilibrium concentration of thermal energy in the atmosphere, in the oceans or in the land masses. It is a chaotic system and you can’t “pin-it-down” just to prove “junk science” claims of CAGW.

    And I always read with an open mind …. and if you can find a reference that doesn’t include words like ….. associate, correlate, estimate, consensus, opinion, likely, might, maybe, etc. ….. then my critique of it will be strictly professional and based on factual science as I know it.

  204. Samuel C Cogar says:
    November 23, 2013 at 6:50 am
    spe•cif•ic heat – noun – Physics – specific heat capacity
    1. the heat required to raise the temperature of the unit mass of a given substance by a given amount (usually one degree). …

    As I explained, the strength of the greenhouse effect is determined by how far the effective radiating level is above the surface. This depends on the atmosphere’s opacity in long-wave IR, not specific heat. But thanks for the definition; if I were still in high school it might’ve been educational.

    And I always read with an open mind …. and if you can find a reference that doesn’t include words like ….. associate, correlate, estimate, consensus, opinion, likely, might, maybe, etc. ….. then my critique of it will be strictly professional and based on factual science as I know it.

    Water vapor. The most abundant greenhouse gas, but importantly, it acts as a feedback to the climate.

    http://climate.nasa.gov/causes

    … water vapor responds to climate – and therefore influences climate as a feedback. … It is quite difficult for humans to add water vapor to the atmosphere. The oceans are a vast source of water, and just above the surface of the ocean the atmosphere is saturated…

    http://scienceofdoom.com/2011/02/24/water-vapor-vs-co2-as-a-greenhouse-gas/

  205. Janice Moore says to Dumb:

    GAME OVER, Dumbo — You lose. Get it?
    (you haven’t understood anything you’ve been told so far…”

    That’s a fact. Dumbo says:

    “I linked to Royer et al. 2007 which showed…”blah, blah, &etc.

    Those are model-based, pal-reviewed papers. They are flatly CONTRADICTED by empirical [real world] evidence.

    So who should we believe? Riders on the climate grant gravy train, or what Planet Earth is plainly telling us?

    As I have shown before, from months to decades to hundreds of millennia, the ONLY correlation between CO2 and temperature is that CO2 follows temperature.

    Only a really, really DUMB scientist would disregard empirical evidence in favor of papers based on always-wrong computer models. And make no mistake, climate models are always wrong. Some are merely far outside error bands, and some are preposterously wrong. But they are all wrong.

    CO2 has been up to twenty times higher in the past, with no adverse effects — and with no correlation to temperature.

    Like most scientific skeptics, I prefer too listen to what our planet is clearly telling us, instead of tax-suckers like Dumb Scientist — who would rather blog all during the workday than do what he is paid to do.

  206. Dumb Scientist:

    I’ll take a stab at explaining to you what I mean.

    Think back to when you learned about histograms. This happened, perhaps, when you were in 6th grade. In the period when you learned about histograms, perhaps you constructed one as a homework assignment.

    The height of one of the bars in a histogram is a count of things. These things are events, aka occurrences. A count of the events of a particular description is called a “frequency.” Divide the frequency of events of a particular description by the frequency of events of all descriptions and you have the “relative frequency” of the events of that particular description. A relative frequency is the empirical counterpart of a probability.

    The classical logic is a consequence from restricting the values of a probability to ‘0’ and ‘1’. In the terminology of the classical logic, ‘0’ is called ‘true’ and ‘1’ is called ‘false’. The empirical counterparts of ‘true’ and ‘false’ are relative frequencies of ‘1’ and ‘0’ respectively.

    The folks who tried to create a science of global warming failed to identify the events that would underlie the models which would be built as a result of the research; this lapse leaves us with nothing to count in establishing frequencies and relative frequencies. A consequence is for the IPCC global warming models to be insusceptible to falsification. They can’t be falsified because there is no such thing as ‘false’.

    This is not to say there is no such thing as error. The difference between the observed and projected global average surface temperature is the error. Many people confuse a model that can be in error with a model that can be falsified but these people are mistaken.

    In science and in logic, models are empirically falsifiable. As the IPCC global warming models are not falsifiable, they are not a product of the scientific method of investigation. Additionally, with ‘true’ and ‘false’ eliminated as concepts, these models lie outside the strictures of logic. More generally, the conclusions that are reached by people on all sides of the debate over man-made global warming are not logical.

  207. Terry Oldberg says on November 22, 2013 at 10:39 pm
    … For modern global warming climatology, there are no events, hence a conjecture can neither be falsified nor validated. …

    dbstealey says on November 23, 2013 at 9:51 am
    … Those are model-based, pal-reviewed papers. They are flatly CONTRADICTED by empirical [real world] evidence. … Only a really, really DUMB scientist would disregard empirical evidence in favor of papers based on always-wrong computer models. And make no mistake, climate models are always wrong. Some are merely far outside error bands, and some are preposterously wrong. But they are all wrong. …

    No matter how many times I explain that paleoclimate sensitivity estimates are more informative than model-based estimates, this refrain never gets old. See my comment on November 19, 2013 at 3:51 pm:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1479543

    … CO2 has been up to twenty times higher in the past, with no adverse effects …

    Scientists are worried about our rapid increase in atmospheric CO2, not the absolute value. The ancient climate shows that extinction rates aren’t correlated with absolute CO2 values. They’re correlated with CO2 rates of change. If the climate changes too quickly for species to adapt by migrating or evolving, they go extinct. For example, atmospheric CO2 increased rapidly before the end-Permian extinction.

    Honisch et al. 2012 shows that we’re dumping CO2 into the atmosphere ten times faster than the rate preceding the end-Permian extinction. Wiping out 90% of all species on Earth seems like an adverse effect to me, but as y’all keep saying I haven’t been educated at WUWT.

    http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6072/1058.abstract

  208. Terry Oldberg says on November 23, 2013 at 10:20 am
    Think back to when you learned about histograms. This happened, perhaps, when you were in 6th grade. … More generally, the conclusions that are reached by people on all sides of the debate over man-made global warming are not logical.

    Thank you for your attempt to clarify by treating me like a 6th grader, but I still don’t understand anything you’ve written here or at your website. I take responsibility for this failure…

  209. Dumb,

    Actually, most scientists are not worried about the rise in CO2, which has a long way to go to get to where it was during the geologic past. I already provided a chart showing that CO2 levels were 20X higher in the past. During the current Holocene, CO2 shows no correlation to temperature. That is a scientific fact.

    As another matter of fact, your fixation on your “carbon” Belief shows that you have not been educated here at the internet’s “Best Science” site. Your response is typical of climate alarmists, who only see what they want to see, and who disregard the real world. Your mind is closed tighter than a drumskin when it comes to scientific probity. Everything you write is based on Belief, not on real world evidence.

    Finally, “faster” means nothing, unless you can produce empirical evidence showing global harm resulting from the rise in CO2. But FYI, more than 31,000 American scientists and engineers have co-signed an explicit statement saying that CO2 is harmless, and beneficial to the biosphere.

    They certainly know more than you do.

  210. dbstealey says on November 18, 2013 at 4:37 pm
    Thanx for all the appeals to authority.

    dbstealey says on November 23, 2013 at 11:58 am
    Actually, most scientists are not worried about the rise in CO2…

    Isn’t that an appeal to authority?

    … the rise in CO2, which has a long way to go to get to where it was during the geologic past. I already provided a chart showing that CO2 levels were 20X higher in the past.

    Apparently my previous comment didn’t sufficiently emphasize CO2’s rate of change (my emphasis):

    “… We review events exhibiting evidence for elevated atmospheric CO2, global warming, and ocean acidification over the past ~300 million years of Earth’s history, some with contemporaneous extinction or evolutionary turnover among marine calcifiers. Although similarities exist, no past event perfectly parallels future projections in terms of disrupting the balance of ocean carbonate chemistry—a consequence of the unprecedented rapidity of CO2 release currently taking place.”

    http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6072/1058.abstract

    This unprecedented rapidity is why most scientists are worried about the rise in CO2, as I’ve shown on November 18, 2013 at 12:49 pm, and here:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/13/why-and-how-the-ipcc-demonized-co2-with-manufactured-information/#comment-1478752

    Why do contrarians lecture scientists about what scientists think?

    Take away the dumb one’s endless appeals to authorities, and what are we left with?

    … more than 31,000 American scientists and engineers have co-signed an explicit statement saying that CO2 is harmless, and beneficial to the biosphere. They certainly know more than you do.

    Apparently dbstealey and WUWT call Cook et al. 2013 a “lie” and prefer the methodology of the OISM petition. Is that true?

    And… isn’t that another appeal to authority?

  211. Dumb says:

    “Isn’t that an appeal to authority?”

    No. It is a refutation of your claim.

    The plain fact is that the “consensus” is simply a mirage. There are relatively few scientists — and even fewer engineers — who buy into the catastrophic AGW nonsense, which is what the “rate of change” scare is based upon.

    One more time for the slow-witted: there is no empirical evidence showing any global harm resulting from the rise in [harmless, beneficial] CO2. The ‘rise’ is just a cherry-picked fright story that the alarmist crowd uses to try and scare the public. But as anyone sees who reads various science threads, the public is becoming jaded regarding the “carbon” scare. That is why the alarmist contingent is losing their grip on the narrative.

  212. @ D. B. Stealey (and Terry Oldberg — and lots of other great minds above) — Lucid, easily understandable, arguments. You are educating those silently reading along who CAN understand.

    As for those who cannot understand what you write, except for using them for the: “Duh….., I don’t know? Why DID that happen? Hyuck, hyuck,” straight person to set up the wit of the brains of the operation, there is no point in talking to them.

    Re: “Dumb Scientist,” he or she is either:

    1. a sicko who loves quarrels for the mere sake of them;
    or

    2. is genuinely too stupid (or intellectually impaired by pride) to even comprehend what “GAME OVER. YOU LOSE.” means;
    or

    3. is an AGW profiteer and or control-freak who hopes that his or her smoke-blowing will at least confuse the Cult of Climatology dupes silently reading along enough to prevent them from finding the door out of their twisted-computer room into the invigorating air of reality.

    Nice job, guys! #(:))

  213. Janice Moore says:
    November 23, 2013 at 2:21 pm

    Re: “Dumb Scientist,” he or she is either: …

    No, no I (politely but strongly) disagree with any of those three choices.

    Rather, he (or she) IS a “committed” very earnest “believer” in CAGW (who is employed now by NASA/GISS/government laboratories/government universities) specifically BECAUSE of those beliefs and faith in the religion of CAGW. Further, although now trained and indoctrinated thoroughly in the CAGW religion of belief-in-evil-without-evidence/belief-in-propaganda-despite-evidence/belief-in-imminent-catastrophy-if-we-do-not-kill-millions-of-innocents, he/she was indoctrinated in that religion from near-birth and thus is not fully to blame for his/her religion prior to adulthood.

    Now an adult, whose life and future and social worth and career potential are financially interwoven INSIDE of and woven BY their CAGW belief system, he/she is now unable to see facts. I hope not permanently, but you will note that no CAGW dogmatist has been able to offer ANY consistent specific level of proof of its failure. They cannot conceive that they could be wrong. It is out of their belief system.

    Worse, because their entire life rejects (Christian) faith and religion ferociously, and because (almost all) equally zealously hate/fear/despise/condemn ANY form of capitalism in favor of even greater government control of all life at all times, they have denied themselves any other view of life.

    Also, because they are so firmly wrapped inside their religious zealotry of “saving the formerly pristine world from mankind’s evil taint” (by killing people, by harming people, by erasing pollution and man’s impact, and by exaggeration through propaganda man’s admitted sometimes poor results) they (he/her personally) have been willingly warped into seeing their own evil actions in deed and in intent (changing scientific results to fit the narrative of CAGW, ignoring valid results of experiments and biasing experiments to give wanted results, accepting money BECAUSE of the desired government results and the government praise and honors and money and careers and publications and recognition and promotions and higher budgets and longer salaries and promised tenure result BECAUSE of the deliberate reults of that “science”) are good, true, virtuous because the “intent” of their despicable and evil actions is seen as “good, true, and virtuous” ….

    SO their CAGW-favorable results and mindsets come from within and without – from personal feedback favoring (almost requiring) CAGW-promotable results and decisions and thoughts, and from without. THEN, at the same time that THEY (he/her) are reaping the pleasant results of much spending and improved budgets and big labs that do receive, they write emails and speeches and press releases claiming that their opposition (skeptical, realistic science) is only enabled by what skeptics do NOT receive: money, recognition, grants, publications, and security.

    Is “dumb scientist” innocent?

    No. He/she is a willing propagandist, a willing priest of his/her religion promoting that religion despite the deaths and injuries and harm that comes from that religion.

    Can he or she ever find the truth? Can he or she ever even find the evidence or the truth in even their scientific research?

    Not if he/she continues to look in a pile of dung in search of a tainted paycheck and their promised retirement at the hands of a corrupt government system that will only pay them if they commit to furthering the government’s religion. Look no further than the hundreds of “scientific” papers published since 1998 that have a (editor/reviewer-inserted)/(writer/author/group-think-inserted) “CAGW-caused this”/CAGW is making this worse”/”despite the evidence of this paper, future CO2 emissions will make this problem worse” phrase added.

    Admitting the truth within a socialist government desperate for 1.3 trillion in CAGW taxes each year opens the door …. to a cell in the GULAG.

  214. Dumb Scientist:

    Thank you for continuing to engage in a good humored way.

    In your post of Nov. 23, 2013 at 10:44 am, you claim that “…paleoclimate sensitivity estimates are more informative than model-based estimate”; I assume your reference is to the equilibrium climate sensitivity (TECS), estimated from paleodata. To the contrary, to be supplied with a numerical value for TECS provides one with no information. This conclusion follows from the non-observability of the equilibrum surface air temperature and the fact that “information” is defined in terms of observables.

  215. Terry Oldberg says on November 23, 2013 at 3:16 pm
    … to be supplied with a numerical value for TECS provides one with no information.

    Does a numerical value for the Hubble parameter provide one with any information?

  216. Dumb Scientist:

    Rather than swerve over to debating the Hubble parameter, I’d like to stick to debating TECS as TECS is germane to the issue under discussion in this thread. As I’ve already pointed out, The value of TECS provides one with no information, by the definition of “information.” Do you agree? If not, what is your argument?

  217. I disagree because I don’t see why your argument applies to climate sensitivity but not the Hubble parameter.

  218. Well, any theoretical Climate Sensitivity Value needs to explain the following, regardless of how it is calculated: either “directly” from the assumed approximations of assumed physics constants and assumed physical properties over an assumed earth; or indirectly from assumed GCM approximating an assumed earth under assuemd conditions using assumed approximations of assuemd conditions ….

    While CO2 was steady and all-natural sourced, global measured temperatures and temperature proxies

    Increased over 20 year, 68 year, and 450 year intervals,
    Were steady over 10- 15 year intervals,
    decreased over 20 year, 68 year, and 450 year intervals.

    While CO2 was increasing in part due to man’s emissions and in-part due to natural sources, global measured temperatures and temperature proxies

    Increased over one 23 year period (1975-1998),
    Were steady over three 10-17 year intervals,
    decreased over several 20 year intervals.

    In the entire history of earth, the CAGW propagandists have only that one 23 year period when both CO2 and temperature increased at the same time. For every other other 15 and 25 year intervals, CO2 and temperature were on opposite trends from their faith-based requirements.

  219. RACookPE1978 says on November 23, 2013 at 5:47 pm
    For every other other 15 and 25 year intervals, CO2 and temperature were on opposite trends from their faith-based requirements.

    Do you think the information in your comment is sufficient to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures?

  220. Dumb Scientist.

    Thank you for taking the time to respond.

    Independent of whatever issues may attach to the Hubble parameter, assignment of a value to TECS provides one with no information. This conclusion follows logically from the definition of “information” as a quantity that is defined on observable state-spaces and on the non-observability of the equilibrium temperature.

    By the way, the same conclusion about TECS is reached by an entirely different argument. This argument is based upon the fact that events do not underlie the model by which TECS is defined yet “information” is defined in terms of events.

  221. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 23, 2013 at 5:58 pm (replying to)

    RACookPE1978 says on November 23, 2013 at 5:47 pm
    For every other other 15 and 25 year intervals, CO2 and temperature were on opposite trends from their faith-based requirements.

    Do you think the information in your comment is sufficient to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures?

    ???

    Of course. The CAGW dogma is that increasing CO2 levels due to mankind’s releases have “forced” an increase in global average temperature. As a requirement of this logic, the CAGW dogma requires that no natural changes in the earth’s temperature have occurred, or, any “natural changes” that may have occurred have been completely and accurately accounted for in the CAGW approximations and assumptions (er, calculations).

    Thus, if CO2 is steady, and temperature is steady, the theory may be right – but no net natural changes have occurred.
    Thus, if CO2 is steady, and temperature does increase, the theory may be right – but natural changes have occurred.
    Thus, if CO2 is steady, and temperature decreases, the theory may be right – but natural changes have occurred.

    Over any sufficient period when natural changes are both known and unknown,

    If CO2 increases, and temperature is steady, the theory is wrong.
    If CO2 increases, and temperature decreases, the theory is wrong.
    If CO2 increases, and temperature increases, the theory may be right, or natural changes may have occurred that are NOT accounted for by the approximations in the theory.

    Since, in the immediate past, in the near past, and in the far past, global average temperatures HAVE changed at the same rate and at the same frequency as in today’s world, there is no relationship between CO2 levels below 10,000 ppm and 280 ppm.

    Other than increased plant growth, more food, more fodder, more fuel, more feed, more farming and more forests.

  222. RACookPE1978:

    You claim that:

    If CO2 increases and temperature is steady, the theory is wrong
    If CO2 increases and temperature decreases, the theory is wrong

    In science and logic, though, a theory is wrong if and only if the predicted relative frequencies fail to match the observed relative frequencies. For the theories of global warming climatology, there are no relative frequencies!

  223. RACookPE1978 says on November 23, 2013 at 6:31 pm:
    … the CAGW dogma requires that no natural changes in the earth’s temperature have occurred…

    Ironically, if no natural changes in the Earth’s temperatures have occurred, then negative feedbacks dominate, cancelling out any forcing, causing climate sensitivity to be exactly zero. This is not the position of mainstream science, which has concluded since 1979 that the equilibrium Charney sensitivity is very likely above 1.5C per doubled CO2.

  224. RACookPE1978,

    I was going to say pretty much the same thing, but you said it better. The only change I would make is replacing “theory” with “conjecture”. A theory makes repeated, accurate predictions. The CAGW conjecture has never been able to do so [neither has AGW, for that matter].

    Dumb Scientist will not benefit from this chart [by über-alarmist Phil Jones]. But others will see that equal temperature steps have occurred over the past century and a half, with no regard to CO2 levels. Any reasonable observer will conclude that if CO2 has any effect, it is too small to be measurable. They will also conclude, correctly, that the climate’s sensitivity to CO2 is much smaller than ‘mainstream’ grant chasers will admit.

  225. dbstealey:

    Thanks for taking the time to reply and for your support. A subtlety that is missed by many people is that today’s climate models do not make predictions at all. They make “projections” and though predictions are falsifiable, this is not true of projections.

  226. Hi, R. A. Cook,

    Well said! (at 2:52pm today) You very well may be correct. I did, indeed, leave that choice out of my options: Contrived ignorance due to brainwashing.

    The bottom line is, though, it is, now that Dumb has utterly demonstrated this fact by his or her own words above, pointless to talk to Dumb (except to prevent Dumb leading others astray), for Dumb has NO interest in seeking the truth. Absolutely none.

    Thanks for being so polite about your differing with me.

    Take care and enjoy all those fun grandchildren this Thanksgiving! (maybe you guys will play some board games together like you did on that camping trip when it rained — they are super-blessed kids to have you in their lives.)

    Janice

    P.S. May I offer a small, but significant to me, addition to your fine essay above? The Godless Cult of Climatology rejects the tenets of Judaism, also.

  227. Terry Oldberg,

    Of course I support you. But you should realize that trying to educate people on the difference between predictions and projections is worthy of Sisyphus…

  228. dbstealey says on November 23, 2013 at 6:56 pm:
    RACookPE1978, I was going to say pretty much the same thing, but you said it better. …

    Okay, then I’ll ask you the same question. Is the information in RACookPE1978’s comment at 5:47pm sufficient to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures?

    RACookPE1978 said “of course” which suggests that he thinks his list of the signs on trends in CO2 and global surface temperatures during different timespans is sufficient information to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures. Do you agree, dbstealey?

    … A theory makes repeated, accurate predictions. The CAGW conjecture has never been able to do so [neither has AGW, for that matter].

    You might be interested in this list of successful climate model predictions and validations, useful mainly for the list of references to peer-reviewed articles:

    http://bartonpaullevenson.com/ModelsReliable.html

    Dumb Scientist will not benefit from this chart [by über-alarmist Phil Jones]. But others will see that equal temperature steps have occurred over the years with no regard to CO2 levels. Any reasonable observer would conclude that if CO2 has any effect, it is too small to be measurable. …

    Actually, maybe that chart was titled “The trend repeats” by “über-alarmist(?)” Joanne Nova? It seems like the bottom of her third trend arrow is at roughly the same temperature as the tops of her first two. If the trend really were repeating, wouldn’t the bottom of her third trend arrow be at roughly the same temperature as the bottoms of her first two?

    http://archive.is/2jAGq

  229. Dumb Scientist says:
    November 23, 2013 at 8:08 pm (replying to)

    dbstealey says on November 23, 2013 at 6:56 pm:
    RACookPE1978, I was going to say pretty much the same thing, but you said it better. …

    Okay, then I’ll ask you the same question. Is the information in RACookPE1978′s comment at 5:47pm sufficient to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures?

    RACookPE1978 said “of course” which suggests that he thinks his list of the signs on trends in CO2 and global surface temperatures during different timespans is sufficient information to falsify or validate a conjecture about how CO2 affects surface temperatures. Do you agree, dbstealey?
    ….
    Actually, maybe that chart was titled “The trend repeats” by “über-alarmist(?)” Joanne Nova? It seems like the bottom of her third trend arrow is at roughly the same temperature as the tops of her first two. If the trend really were repeating, wouldn’t the bottom of her third trend arrow be at roughly the same temperature as the bottoms of her first two?

    As I specifically stated above, the global trend in the earth’s global average temperature proxies show many long-term climbs out of many century-long low points. This slow, long long-term rise repeats today, as we climb out of the Little Ice Age of globally-lower average temperatures, spiked irregularly with sharp- short drops – as in the low drops during the globally-higher averages of the Medieval Warm Period.

    Thus, of course, there SHOULD BE a gradual increase between the three identically-fast 68 year rises! Now, I am open to analysis about whether today’s 2000-2105 pause is the “peak” of the Modern Warming Period, or merely one more stair step “up” from the mid-1650’a low point. If it is the “peak”, then we will see (on average) a slow decline into poverty, hunger, freezing, and mass deaths. (Unless we use energy to save lives.) (Then again, millions of excess deaths by freezing, cold, starvation, poor water, bad sewage, no transportation, ill health in squalid poverty and inadequate farming methods ARE the preferred murder weapons of the CAGW crowd, so …) If the 2000-2015 peak is only a 1960-1970 pause in the long-term warming, then we “might” begin warming again about 2020-2025 into a future peak around 2065-2070.

    The sun may throw one more “natural” influence into this uncertain mix: Today’s solar cycle is the very lowest in many hundred years, and previous low solar cycles are only loosely coupled with global average temperatures. But they are coupled. So, if the 1650 LIA “long term cause” was NOT all by itself solar dominated, then ADDING a very, very low solar cycle 24 and 25 into an already low point in an undetermined natural cycle will force the net temperature cycle even lower.

    Solve THAT problem, solve that problem of WHY we have a 900 year long-cycle, AND a short 68 year cycle, and you have earned my respect. Ignore it, and you have earned nothing, are worth nothing because you chose to remain ignorant.

    Ignore it deliberately as you kill people by promoting your religious dogma of CO2 CAGW by fighting and denying people food, clothing, shelter, clean water, better transportation and better lives, and you deserve nothing but my contempt.

  230. dbstealey:

    Pushing a rock endlessly up hill by Sisyphus, a figure of Greek mythology, is an apt metaphor for trying to educate the masses about the difference between predictions and projections. If legitimate scientists are jointly unsuccessful in educating them, the masses are going to pay a one-hundred trillion U.S. dollar fee to unprincipled “scientists” over the next century. Indignation over this state of affairs keeps me pushing this metaphorical rock up hill.

  231. Terry Oldberg says on November 23, 2013 at 7:04 pm
    … today’s climate models do not make predictions at all. They make “projections” and though predictions are falsifiable, this is not true of projections.

    dbstealey says on November 23, 2013 at 7:51 pm:
    Terry Oldberg, Of course I support you. But you should realize that trying to educate people on the difference between predictions and projections is worthy of Sisyphus…

    Terry Oldberg says on November 23, 2013 at 8:44 pm:
    dbstealey: Pushing a rock endlessly up hill by Sisyphus, a figure of Greek mythology, is an apt metaphor for trying to educate the masses about the difference between predictions and projections.

    Scientists make predictions about systems that aren’t influenced by free will. Scientists predict that doubling atmospheric CO2 will very likely lead to an equilibrium surface warming of at least 1.5C (see my above comments for links to empirical evidence).

    But humans have free will. We choose if we double atmospheric CO2 or not. So projections are “if-then” statements.

    If we listen to most scientists, then we’ll stop treating the atmosphere as a free sewer as quickly as possible. As we create jobs by jumpstarting a clean energy econonomy, we’ll emit less CO2 and (with some luck) stabilize atmospheric CO2 below 450ppm by 2100, which is less than doubling and “only” adds a radiative forcing of 2.6 W/m^2. This projection is called RCP2.6; it’s the green line here:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_Concentration_Pathways

    If we listen to WUWT, then we’ll keep ignoring the CO2 problem because of all the reasons given here at WUWT. As we keep burning fossil fuels, we’ll keep emitting more CO2. If we take Dr. Tim Ball and the Sky Dragon Slayers really seriously, we might even be able to quadruple atmospheric CO2pm by 2100, which would add a radiative forcing of 8.5 W/m^2. Here’s an interactive chart of this RCP8.5 projection:

    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/interactive/2013/sep/27/climate-change-how-hot-lifetime-interactive?CMP=twt_gu

    Terry Oldberg says on November 23, 2013 at 7:04 pm
    … today’s climate models do not make predictions at all. They make “projections” and though predictions are falsifiable, this is not true of projections.

    IPCC AR5 Figure SPM.7 shows the surface warming, Arctic sea ice minimum extent, and ocean surface pH for projections RCP2.6 and RCP8.5:

    Note that the surface warming and Arctic sea ice minimum extent uncertainties for RCP2.6 and RCP8.5 don’t significantly overlap after ~2050. The ocean surface pH projections diverge around ~2030.

    Most scientists (including me) are urging people to choose the RCP2.6 future over the harsher-but-seemingly-WUWT-endorsed RCP8.5 future because climate science has made many successful predictions (see link in my last post at 8:08 pm). Unless the laws of physics have changed and nobody told the APS, AIP, etc…. then the choices we make in the next few years will produce even more falsifiable results over the next few decades.

    Considering the stakes involved, I’m impressed that so many people are willing to sign their real names to comments accusing scientists of killing and murdering people. A growing mountain of evidence keeps confirming the mainstream scientific community, including NASA and the National Academy of Sciences. It takes considerable bravery to leave a permanent record effectively endorsing the RCP8.5 future.

    Please stop spamming humanity with all this misinformation. It’s staining your legacies and threatening the future of our civilization.

  232. Terry;
    A projection can come from any base, however fantastical or even humorous. “If this were true, then that would be true.” It is necessary only that it be logically consistent.

    A prediction, by contrast, asserts both a present and future state of affairs, and one “hangs one’s hat” on it. It is entirely serious and subject to test, disproof, falsification.

    So explain it thus: a projection is just an exercise in imagination and logic; a prediction is an exercise in observation and numbers and logic.

  233. Dumb says:

    “If we listen to most scientists, then we’ll stop treating the atmosphere as a free sewer as quickly as possible.”

    Wrong. Wrong, WRONG, WRONG. Carbon dioxide is not “pollution”, and anyone who claims it is is emitting anti-science propaganda.

    Despite numerous requests for Dumb to identify explicit examples of global harm from the rise in CO2, if he can, he has been silent. That is because there are no testable, verifiable examples of global harm from CO2, which is entirely harmless, and beneficial to the biosphere. More CO2 is better.

    Further, Dumb’s hypocrisy is on display here because he never attacks China for its rapidly escalating CO2 emissions — in contrast to the decline in U.S. CO2 emissions. Dumb’s hypocrisy is flagrant, disgusting, and anti-American.

    Dumb continues: “If we take Dr. Tim Ball and the Sky Dragon Slayers really seriously…”

    But we don’t take the Slayers seriously. Read the site Policy page. Dumb needs to learn something for a change, instead of spouting nonsense.

    Dumb keeps spamming this site with misinformation: “A growing mountain of evidence keeps confirming the mainstream scientific community, including NASA and the National Academy of Sciences.”

    That is just more appealing to corrupt authorities, because Dumb lacks credible facts to support his belief system. And Dumb continues to avoid the challenge to keep his comments confined to testable, verifiable scientific evidence. The evidence shows conclusively that CO2 is not a problem. More is better, and anyway the rise in CO2 follows the rise in global temperature — it does not cause the rise in T. This has been demonstrated empirically, but Dumb disregards proven scientific facts.

    Dumb is emitting alarmist propaganda. He has no verifiable scientific facts to support his scare stories. None. So he falls back on his appeals to corrupt authorities.

    The ONLY legitimate authority in this issue is Planet Earth herself, and our planet is clearly telling us that CO2 is harmless, and beneficial. But Dumb has an ulterior motive; an agenda. Therefore, he lies to promote his false narrative.

    Look at the facts, folks. Don’t be bamboozled by Dumb’s pseudo-science.

  234. Just for the record, Brian H posted his comment at 11:44pm yesterday while mine at 10:40pm was awaiting moderation; he wasn’t ignoring me. Also, I’m sorry for my typos: econonomy -> economy, CO2pm -> CO2, etc.

    dbstealey says on November 24, 2013 at 5:36 pm:
    But we don’t take the Slayers seriously.

    Anthony Watts’s experiment and encounters with the Slayers are points in his credit. But this WUWT article was written by Sky Dragon Slayer Dr. Tim Ball, as was the last WUWT article where many Slayers wasted hours of my time with their standard talking points. If WUWT really doesn’t take the Slayers seriously, step #1 is to stop lending them your soapbox.

    Step #2 is distinguishing the WUWT brand from that of the Sky Dragon Slayers who fantasize that climate sensitivity is somehow exactly zero and simultaneously convince themselves that ocean acidification either isn’t happening at an unprecedented rate, or that somehow this isn’t dangerous. So the Slayers argue that each ton of CO2 does exactly zero damage. That’s why they cheer on using the atmosphere as a free sewer, which will lead to the RCP8.5 future.

    What about WUWT? Does WUWT think each ton of CO2 does exactly zero damage?

    Distinguish the WUWT brand from the Sky Dragon Slayer brand.

    [Any response that includes Slayers drops into the bottom of the moderating queue. immediately. Automatically. You bring that subject up, your choice, your wait. Pretending this site agrees with, or even wants to begin making some level of accodomation with it is wrong, and - if you continue to pretend it does - expect further delays. Mod]

    [Separately, and in general, many readers have actually presented valid evidence that each tom of CO2 provides, not "zero damage", but many thousands dollars of good for man.]

  235. [Separately, and in general, many readers have actually presented valid evidence that each tom of CO2 provides, not "zero damage", but many thousands dollars of good for man.]

    Scientists argue that dumping CO2 into the atmosphere 10x faster than before the Great Dying is inadvisable, so each ton of CO2 does damage. That’s why I hope we choose the RCP2.6 future.

    Those-who-shall-not-be-named seem to argue that each ton of CO2 does zero damage: somehow it doesn’t warm the Earth or acidify the oceans. That’s why they’ve effectively endorsed the RCP8.5 future where we just keep ignoring the CO2 problem like we have until now.

    Now a WUWT moderator takes a position even more extreme than that of those-who-shall-not-be-named. Apparently, each ton of CO2 somehow does less than zero damage. Perhaps recreating another PETM is beneficial to WUWT in ways that don’t apply to dumb scientists?

    Regardless, this seems like an endorsement of the RCP10,000,000 future where we don’t just keep ignoring the CO2 problem. Instead, we burn every last drop of oil, coal, gas, and then try as hard as possible to destabilize the methane clathrate deposits in the shallow East Siberian Sea and melt the permafrost, etc.

    Does this unsigned WUWT moderator comment reflect the official WUWT view? If so, you’ve certainly distinguished WUWT from those-who-shall-not-be-named…

    [does your unsigned fake name using a NASA email address speak for NASA? - mod]

  236. Have I been banned for some reason? If so, could you please tell me why so I can correct my misbehavior? Thanks in advance.

    [If you haven't been warned and then notified, then no . . mod]

  237. Again, have I been banned? If so, could you please tell me why so I can correct my misbehavior? Thanks in advance.

    [I am not sure what misbehaviour you may think you have been involved with, however if that were the case you would have received some admonishment before any banning. Banning is a very unusual occurrence here and Anthony would point out what steps you could take before it happens. If he hasn't done this you are not banned . . . mod]

  238. Dumb says:

    “…where we don’t just keep ignoring the CO2 problem.”

    CO2 is not a problem. But if you believe it is a problem, please post testable, verifiable empirical evidence showing specific global harm due to the rise in CO2.

    Your endless assertions are nothing but conjectures, and they are baseless. I have been looking for empirical evidence showing global harm due speccifically to the rise in CO2. So far, I have found none.

    If you believe you have found such evidence, post it here. You will be the first to do so. But make certain it is solid, real world evidence, traceable directly to human CO2 emissions.

    Otherwise, your comments are nothing but assertions. Assertions are not good enough at the internet’s “Best Science & Technology” award-winning site. You need to provide solid scientific evidence of your findings. No pal-reviewed papers, and no computer modeled explanations qualify. Only evidence per the Scientific Method qualifies. Good luck with that.

  239. My response to the anonymous WUWT moderator’s question about my email address hasn’t appeared despite submitting it three times. Which WUWT policy did my response violate?

    [and it won't - you are simply playing games, suggesting that while moderators here speak for WUWT, your NASA email doesn't speak for NASA. Your whole discussion is off-topic. - mod]

  240. If my response to a WUWT moderator’s question about my email address are “off topic” then how exactly is this different from banning me?

    [REPLY: This has been brought to my attention. At the same time I just saw your tweet where you say:

    WUWT accusations of dishonest godless Anti-American murder getting old.

    There is no mention nor endorsement by WUWT of "murder" there is a comment by RACooke that mentions it. Your assignment of this to "WUWT" implying it is somehow my sanctioned opinion in a tweet isn't going to wash here.

    You weren't banned before but now you are for playing these sorts of games as indicated by the moderators. All of your future comments will now go directly to the bit bucket.

    Feel free to be as upset as you wish. - Anthony]

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