A detailed review of Mann’s book: The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars as it relates to the Wegman report to Congress

By Brandon Shollenberger

Introduction

Michael Mann recently published a book named The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars. It was generally well-received, quickly garnering many positive reviews. Even Henry Waxman, a sitting Congressman, and Bill Nye the Science Guy praised the book. Unfortunately, while many people liked the message of the book, it seems few read it carefully. The book contains many mistakes, contradictions, fabrications, nonsensical statements and even a libelous claim based on an obvious misrepresentation.

The last of those is obviously the most serious. Michael Mann began receiving a large amount of attention after he published two papers in the late nineties, creating his “hockey stick.” A few years later, his work was criticized by the authors Stephen McIntyre and Ross McKitrick, leading to a controversy that would rage on for years. Eventually, two reports were commissioned by the United States Congress to study the controversy. The lead author of one of those reports was Edward Wegman, a distinguished statistician from George Mason University.

This report, commonly known as the Wegman Report, was highly critical of Mann’s work. In turn, it was criticized by defenders of Mann. One such criticism involves how much “collaboration” there was between McIntyre, Wegman and Wegman’s co-authors. The claim is basically that the Wegman Report repeats McIntyre’s work and conclusions without due consideration. Mann doesn’t spend much time on this criticism in his book, but what he says is very important:

Not only had their apparently been64 substantial undisclosed collaboration between the WR authors and Stephen McIntyre, as hinted at earlier65–something Wegman had denied in his testimony under oath in Congress66

Mann claims Wegman denied something, under oath, that was true. That is, he accuses Wegman of perjury. In what is almost a passing comment, Mann accuses Wegman of committing a felony that could land him in jail for years. Not only is this a serious accusation, but if untrue, it is libel. With that in mind, it’s important to read Mann’s note #66:

66. See http://ftp.resource.org/gpo.gov/hearings/109h/31362.txt, specifically the following exchange between Rep. Stupak and Wegman:

Mr. Stupak: Did you or your co-authors contact Mr. McIntyre and get his
help in replicating his work?
Dr. Wegman. Actually, no…

This seems to give clear support to Mann’s claim. However, given the seriousness of the accusation, the ellipsis at the end should be investigated. Mann’s link leads to the transcript of the testimony where Wegman’s full answer is found:

DR. WEGMAN. Actually, no. What I did do was I called
Mr. McIntyre and said that when we downloaded his code we
could not get it to work either, and it was unfortunate that
he was criticizing Dr. Mann when in fact he was in exactly
the same situation. Subsequently, he reposted his code to
make it more user friendly and we did download it
subsequently and verified that it would work.
MR. STUPAK. And then after you re-downloaded and verified
it worked, did you have any further contact with
Mr. McIntyre then?
DR. WEGMAN. Well, as I testified last week, Dr. Said and
myself had gone to one of the meetings where he was talking,
and we spoke with him but did not identify who we were at
the time. This was early in the phase. Subsequently, I had
had no contact with him until basically last week.
MR. STUPAK. Okay. Any of your co-authors that you know of,
Dr. Said or any others, have contact with Mr. McIntyre other
than that one time at this convention or wherever he was
speaking?
DR. WEGMAN. One of my graduate students, John Rigsby, who
did the code for us, worked the code for us, did have some
interaction with him in order to verify some of the details
of the code.
MR. STUPAK. So you, Dr. Said and this Mr. Rigsby would be
the people who had contact with Mr. McIntyre then?
DR. WEGMAN. That is correct, yes.
MR. STUPAK. Thank you. Nothing further.

Clearly, the quote Mann offers is deceptive. By only quoting two words from Wegman, Mann gives the impression Wegman answered no. Had he included only ten more words, anyone reading his book would have seen Wegman was not guilty of a felony. Instead, Mann removed almost all of a lengthy and detailed answer, giving readers the impression Wegman committed perjury.

To make the situation stranger, Mann was in the same room at the time this testimony was given, evidenced by the fact he answered questions in the same transcript just a few minutes earlier. Having heard the full answer when it was given, and having the transcript in front of him, he still somehow managed to create the libelous representation he gave.

It is impossible to know whether Mann intentionally lied to his readers or, if some fit of extreme incompetence, inadvertently butchered a quote so much he confused himself. It is also impossible to know how a false accusation of a felony made it through the editing process without the slightest fact-checking. Whatever the explanations, one thing is clear:

Michael Mann’s book should be read with a very skeptical frame of mind.

Contradictions

“If you don’t know where you are going, you will wind up somewhere else.”

-Yogi Berra

As exampled in the introduction, Mann’s sources do not always agree with him. Sometimes they directly contradict him. Sometimes he even quotes where they do so.

Sometimes he even contradicts himself.

Mann Contradicts His Sources

It makes sense to start with a simple example first. Fortunately, the first simple contradiction is found on page three:

In February 1996, for example, S. Fred Singer, the founder of the Science and Environmental Projection Project and a recipient over the years of substantial fossil fuel funding,7 published a letter attacking Santer in the journal Science.8 Singer disputed the IPCC finding that model predictions matched the observed warming and claimed–wrongly–that the observations showed cooling.

Singer criticized Ben Santer’s article. He didn’t “attack” Santer. That alone should raise eyebrows, but it hardly compares to the fact Mann misrepresented Singer’s letter. That letter said:

The summary (correctly) reports that climate has warmed by 0.3° to 0.6°C in the last 100 years, but does not mention that there has been little warming if any (depending on whose compilation is used) in the last 50 years, during which time some 80% of greenhouse gases were added to the atmosphere.

Singer clearly acknowledged warming had been observed. You would never have guessed this from Mann’s description of his letter. How does Mann explain this discrepancy? Mann ignores that part of Singer’s letter and acts as though another part is all that exists:

The summary does not mention that the satellite data–the only true global measurements, available since 1979–show no warming at all, but actually a slight cooling, although this is compatible with a zero trend.

Singer says one set of observations shows cooling (which he mentions is statistically insignificant). He mentions other observations show warming. Mann portrays this as him saying observations only show cooling. This is a tame example, but it is part of a far larger pattern of behavior, a pattern seen again on page 24, where Mann says:

Spencer still contends, nonetheless, that humans are not to blame for the increase [in temperature],16 while Christy accepts that there is a detectable human contribution to the warming, but argues that future warming will be less than standard climate models project.17

Note #16 directs the reader to this page, a blog post by Roy Spencer. In it, Spencer says:

This means that most (1.71/1.98 = 86%) of the upward trend in carbon dioxide since CO2 monitoring began at Mauna Loa 50 years ago could indeed be explained as a result of the warming, rather than the other way around.

So, there is at least empirical evidence that increasing temperatures are causing some portion of the recent rise in atmospheric CO2, in which case CO2 is not the only cause of the warming.

Whether Spencer is right or wrong, the claim “CO2 is not the only cause of the warming” is different than, “humans are not to blame for the increase [in temperature].” Mann’s portrayal is a clear exaggeration of what his source actually says.

The same thing happens with Mann’s next source. That source says:

In a phone interview, Christy said that while he supports the AGU declaration, and is convinced that human activities are the major cause of the global warming that has been measured, he is “still a strong critic of scientists who make catastrophic predictions of huge increases in global temperatures and tremendous rises in sea levels.”

Standard climate models do not predict catastrophic increases in temperatures. They do not predict tremendous rises in sea levels. Those are exaggerations, and those are what Christy said he is a critic of. Mann claims Christy argued future warming will be less than climate models predict, but his source shows an argument perfectly in line with standard climate models.

Now then, Mann doesn’t just exaggerate the claims of people he disagrees with, creating straw man arguments. He also exaggerates the claims he likes, making them seem more than they are. This can be seen on page 181, where he says:

A study in 2003 by NOAA scientist Tom Peterson and collaborators indicated that the cool park effect largely mitigates any urban heat bias in the U.S. Measurements.

The paper did nothing of the sort. In fact, the abstract of the paper states:

It is postulated that this is due to micro- and local-scale impacts dominating over the mesoscale urban heat island.

To postulate is basically to assume as true without proof. Despite that, Mann claims Peterson’s study “indicated” something it merely postulated.

Mann Contradicts Himself

While so far Mann has simply misrepresented his sources, he also contradicts himself. On page 138, Mann, brings up a paper by Eugene Wahl and Caspar Ammann, saying:

They showed that, had McIntyre and McKitrick subjected their alternative reconstruction…

No paper by McIntyre and McKitrick has ever claimed to make an “alternative reconstruction.” This should seem more like a fabrication than a contradiction until the reader reaches page 191. There, Mann quotes a description of McIntyre:

Paleoclimatologist Tom Crowley perhaps summarized it best: “McIntyre … never publishes an alternative reconstruction that he thinks is better … because that involves taking a risk of him being criticized. He just nitpicks others. I don’t know of anyone else in science who … fails to do something constructive himself.”58

Mann approvingly quotes Crowley criticizing McIntyre for not publishing an “alternative reconstruction” despite the fact 53 pages earlier, he claims McIntyre published an “alternative reconstruction.”

Mann Contradicts His Sources and Himself

Mann contradicts his sources. Mann contradicts himself. It is hardly surprising he would do both at the same time. On page 123, he says:

The central claim of the McIntyre and McKitrick paper, that the hockey stick was an artifact of bad data, was readily refuted.45

To understand Mann’s misrepresentation here, there is no need to understand any technical details. All you need to do is compare a few simple sentences. First, compare the above sentence with a quote from the abstract of the paper he discusses (emphasis added):

The particular “hockey stick” shape derived in the MBH98 proxy construction – a temperature index that decreases slightly between the early 15th century and early 20th century and then increases dramatically up to 1980 — is primarily an artefact of poor data handling, obsolete data and incorrect calculation of principal components.

Even though McIntyre and McKitrick’s conclusions refer to “poor data handling, obsolete data and incorrect calculation of principal components,” Mann claims their argument dealt solely with “bad data.” On its own, this would be bad, but it becomes silly when the reader looks at Mann’s note #45. It says (in part):

To be specific, they claimed that the hockey stick was an artifact of four supposed “categories of errors”: “collation errors,” “unjustified truncation and extrapolation,” “obsolete data,” and “calculation mistakes.”

In the main text of his book, Mann portrays the paper’s argument as solely referring to “bad data.” In the note he attaches as a reference, he lists as part of the paper’s argument, “calculation mistakes.” This could be forgiven as a casual slip-up, save for one thing. Not long after this misrepresentation, Mann goes on to discuss a later work by McIntyre and McKitrick, saying (on page 130):

McIntyre and McKitrick had quietly dropped their erroneous original assertion (in their 2003 paper discussed in chapter 8 that the hockey stick was an artifact of bad data. Their new, albeit equally erroneous, assertion was that the hockey stick was an artifact of the conventions used in applying principal component analysis (PCA) to certain tree ring networks, which, they argued, “manufactured Hockey Sticks” even from pure noise.

Mann clearly portrays the two papers as showing a change in argument. In reality, the assertion in their later paper was not “new.” It was the same as in their 2003 paper, a point evidenced by Mann’s own note #45.

Having already reached the point of silliness, things become truly absurd later in the same paragraph when Mann says:

For the time being, climate change deniers had everything they needed to do immediate damage. They had a published study purporting to call into question the basis of the scientific evidence for human-caused climate change…

Nothing McIntyre has ever written purports “to call into question the basis of the scientific evidence for human-caused climate change.” Mann has pulled this claim out of thin air. It is a complete and total fabrication.

In another example, Mann claims (“also” added where it was missing):

In November 2008 McIntyre filed a FOIA demand to NOAA requesting not only data used in a recent paper by Ben Santer and coauthors… but [also] all the e-mail correspondence between Santer and his coauthors.38

This is directly contradicted by the actual FOIA request (not demand) which Mann quotes is his note #38:

I request that a copy of the following NOAA records be provided to me: (1) any monthly time series of output from any of the 47 climate models sent by Santer and/or other coauthors of Santer et al 2008 to NOAA employees between 2006 and October 2008; (2) any correspondence concerning these monthly time series between Santer and/or other coauthors of Santer et al 2008 and NOAA employees between 2006 and October 2008…

There is an obvious difference between “all the e-mail correspondence” and “any correspondence concerning these monthly time series.” Despite quoting the actual text of the FOIA request, Mann ignores this difference, allowing him to make a far stronger claim against McIntyre.

Fabrications

If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it.”

-Joseph Goebbels, the Minister of Propaganda for the Nazi governement

While much of what Michael Mann says in his book is untrue, only a small amount of it is totally fabricated. This is good, as misrepresenting something is far more forgivable than just making something up.

Unfortunately, Mann does do both.

The Spreadsheet

The most telling example is in Chapter 8′s note #45, partially covered in the previous section:

those claims were false, resulting from their misunderstanding of the format of a spreadsheet version of the dataset they had specifically requested from my associate, Scott Rutherford. None of the problems they cited were present in the raw, publicly available version of our dataset…

This claim is absolutely untrue. Even worse, when the claim was first made, McIntyre and McKitrick responded by posting the correspondence between them and Mann (and co-authors), proving they never asked for a spreadsheet. Despite this, Mann has repeated the claim, both here in the book, and in his testimony for the Penn State inquiry looking into possible wrong-doing:

The issue of an “incorrect version” of the data came about because Dr. McIntyre had requested the data (which were already available on the FTP site) in spreadsheet format, and Dr. Rutherford, early on, had unintentionally sent an incorrectly formatted spreadsheet.

No effort was made to verify his claim by the inquiry, so while there is no reasonable explanation for why Mann would be make this claim, it seems one thing is clear: If you tell a lie big enough and keep repeating it, people will eventually come to believe it.

Climategate and Time Travel

Mann begins his discussion of Climategate with a bang (page 207):

The most malicious of the assaults on climate science would be timed for maximum impact: the run-up to the Copenhagen climate change summit of December 2009, a historic, much anticipated opportunity for a meaningful global climate change agreement.1 The episode began with a crime committed by highly skilled computer hackers…

No police investigation has ever determined how the e-mails were released, yet Mann says it was the work of “highly skilled computer hackers.” Not just one hacker. Not even just one very skilled hacker. No, Mann claims to know there were multiple hackers with great skill. How he could possibly know this when the police don’t is a mystery as his note #1 doesn’t address the issue. Instead, it offers yet another fabrication:

The hackers had access to the materials in early October 2009, but held off releasing them until mid-November 2009, apparently to inflict maximum damage to the Copenhagen climate summit in early December 2009.

In fairness to Mann, he does offer a reference for his claim. It’s a newspaper article by Ben Webster that doesn’t explain how it reached its conclusion. Another article by the same author, published a few days later, clarifies the conclusion by saying:

Almost a month before they were posted on a website popular with climate-change sceptics, the hacked information was sent to a BBC weatherman who had expressed his doubts about climate science on his blog. The BBC has confirmed that Paul Hudson received some documents on October 12 but no story was broadcast or printed by Mr Hudson or the corporation.

It turns out Webster had simply misunderstood Hudson. Hudson had not received any of the supposedly hacked e-mails. Instead, he received some of them when they were originally sent. This allowed him to confirm some of the released e-mails were authentic. This misunderstanding is what led Mann claiming the “hackers had access to the materials in early October 2009.”

If that is all there was to the story, there would be little reason for concern. Mann trusted a source that was wrong. No big deal. Only, it is a big deal. While Mann claimed the hackers had the material in October, the released e-mails contained e-mails from November. It doesn’t matter how “highly skilled” computer hackers may be. They cannot steal e-mails before those e-mails are written.

Like the accusation against Wegman which opened this document, even the most basic of fact-checking should have caught this mistake. Instead, obvious nonsense got published.

Nonsense

If I had a world of my own, everything would be nonsense. Nothing would be what it is, because everything would be what it isn’t. And contrary wise, what is, it wouldn’t be. And what it wouldn’t be, it would. You see?”

-Lewis Carroll, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking-Glass

It can be hard to notice a source has been misrepresented. It can be hard to know an author has simply made things up. However, some things are not hard to notice. For example, if Mann says a doubling of CO2 levels “would lead to an additional warming of anywhere between 1.5 and 4.5°C (roughly 3-8°F)”, it should be easy to notice something is wrong on page 18 when he says (“of” added where it was missing):

There was increasing recognition by the mid-1990s that another 2°C (3.5°F) [of] warming beyond current levels (for a total of 3°C or 5°F warming relative to preindustrial times) could represent a serious threat to our welfare.4 Precisely what limitations in global greenhouse gas emissions would be required to avoid that amount of warming remained uncertain, and still does, because of the spread of predictions among models. If we choose to take the midrange model estimates as a best guess, avoiding another 2°C of warming would require stabilizing atmospheric CO2 concentrations at no higher than about 450 parts per million (ppm).

Preindustrial levels were about 280 ppm…

The midrange of 1.5 and 4.5°C is 3°C. This means Mann said there would be a total increase of 3°C with CO2 levels having only gone up by 60%. Something is obviously wrong.

It turns out Mann added an increase of 2°C to the already observed warming when he should have added it to the temperature of 200 years ago. Instead of “another 2°C” and “a total of 3°C,” Mann should have said “another 1°C” and “a total of 2°C.” This is confirmed on page 250 where Mann says:

When we reach concentrations of 450 ppm (about 2030, extrapolating from current trends), we will likely have locked in at least 2°C (3.5°F) warming of the climate relative to preindustrial levels…

That the first set of numbers was nonsense should be obvious. It contradicts a later statement by Mann, and it contradicts basic arithmetic. It’s a mystery how such an obvious error could slip past an editor, but it’s certainly something any reader should be able to spot.

Mann Can’t Make Up His Mind

On page 57, Mann makes a peculiar argument. He first says:

Whether conditions in past centuries might have been warmer than today, then, would not have a scientific bearing on the case for the reality of human-caused climate change. That case, as we’ve seen, rests on multiple independent lines of evidence…

After saying it wouldn’t matter if a point in the past was warmer than the present, Mann almost immediately says:

Our finding that recent warming was anomalous in a long-term (now, apparently, millennial) context was suggestive of the possibility that human activity was implicated in the warming.

If the existence of warming would say nothing, the lack of warming cannot say something. It makes no sense to say the absence of an observation supports your position, but the inverse would say nothing about your position. Despite this, obviously contradictory positions are advanced on the same page. To add to the confusion, on page 34 Mann had said:

[I]f warmth less than a thousand years ago rivaled modern warmth, it might seem to support a far larger role for natural climate variability, and the possibility that a large fraction of the current warming could itself be natural.

Mann Misses the Obvious

Earlier, a paper by Tom Peterson was mentioned. It sought to study whether or not urban areas cause a warming bias in the surface temperature record. Shortly after Mann misrepresented that study, he says:

There were even more basic reasons for rejecting the claim that the surface temperature record was compromised by urban heat island effects. The global warming trend is seen not only in land measurements but also in ocean surface temperatures, where obviously no urbanization is occurring.12 The ocean warming isn’t as large as the observed land warming, but this is expected from basic physics and predicted by all climate models…

Mann says people should believe there is no warming bias in the land record because warming is also observed in the oceans. This claim isn’t based upon a comparison of the magnitude of trends. It just says both trends are positive, therefore there is no warming bias in the one. That makes no sense.

But it gets worse. After saying that, Mann observes that oceans are warming less than land is. If there was a warming bias in the land record, it would increase warming in the land record while not affecting the ocean record. This is exactly what Mann describes. He does say there is another reason for the discrepancy in the two trends, but that doesn’t resolve anything. Because he doesn’t discuss the magnitudes of the trends, his entire commentary is nonsensical.

Equally nonsensical, Mann responds to an accusation of plagiarism directed at his colleague, Eric Steig, by saying (chapter 13, note #61 – emphasis added):

MuCulloch wrote to Nature alleging that Steig had plagiarized his work… MuCulloch “published” a piece on the climateaudit blog criticizing the Steig et al. analysis–correctly, as it turned out… Once Steig was able to confirm that such an error had been made, he recalculated the trend significances correctly… When it was published in August 2009 (Nature, 457: 459-462), McCulloch contacted Nature. MuCulloch complained that Steig had appropriated his own finding. Yet is is self-evident that Steig et al. were aware of the need for the autocorrelation correction, since the paper explicitly stated (albeit, it turns out, in error) that it had been made.

Steig and his co-authors were supposed to correct for something, but didn’t. When they went back and made the correction, someone who had previously noticed the mistake raised an accusation of plagiarism. That much makes sense. What doesn’t make sense is Mann’s rebuttal. He implies that since the authors knew the correction was needed (even though they originally didn’t implement it), they couldn’t have plagiarized the idea of fixing the mistake.

The implication, inadvertent or otherwise, is the fact the authors knew they shouldn’t make a mistake means they couldn’t possibly find out they made a mistake from someone else. In the same way, Mann says:

Had McCulloch notified Steig of the error when he first discovered it, or had he submitted a formal comment to Nature identifying the error, he would have received credit and acknowledgment. He chose, however, to do neither of these things. To suggest that Steig’s correction of an error in his own work, using standard methods, could constitute plagiarism was simply absurd.

The first sentence says McCulloch would have gotten credit for finding the error if he had notified the authors. The third sentence says it “was simply absurd” to suggest Steig’s correction could be plagiarized. These two sentences make no sense together. If it was possible for McCulloch to get credit, then it was necessarily possible for plagiarism to happen.

Even worse for Mann, McCulloch actually did notify the authors of the error.

Mann’s Defensive Attempts Fail

As observed above, Mann’s defenses must be carefully parsed. On page 210, he says (“climate” added where it was missing):

The full quotation from Jones’s e-mail was (emphasis added), “I’ve just completed Mike’s Nature trick of adding in the real temps to each series for the last 20 years (i.e. from 1981 onwards) and from 1961 for Keith’s to hide the decline.” Only by omitting the twenty-three words in between “trick” and “hide the decline” were [climate] change deniers able to fabricate the claim of a supposed “trick to hide the decline.”

The 23 words Mann complains were omitted were five prepositional phrases and a parenthetical comment. Those can clarify things, but their presence or absence does not alter the core meaning of the sentence. No meaning is changed by their omission.

He continues:

No such phrase was used in the e-mail nor in any of the stolen e-mails for that matter. Indeed, “Mike’s Nature trick” and “hide the decline” had nothing to do with each other.

Mann claims the two phrases “had nothing to do with each other” despite being directly connected in a sentence. He never says the author’s word-choice was wrong. He simply claims the word-choice does not connect the two phrases. Shortly after, this nonsense is followed by Mann saying Jones:

was referring, specifically, to an entirely legitimate plotting device for comparing two datasets on a single graph, as in our 1998 Nature article (MBH98)–hence “Mikes Nature trick.”

Explaining:

we supplemented our plot of reconstructed temperatures in MBH98 by additionally showing the instrumental temperatures, which extended through the 1990s. That allowed our reconstruction of past temperatures to be viewed in the context of the most recent warming. The separate curves for the proxy reconstruction and instrumental temperature data were clearly labeled…

This is is true. The two lines were plotted separately. However, that is not what the trick Jones referred to is. In fact, Mann doesn’t talk about the actual trick. The actual trick involves smoothing (mild technical details follow, be warned).

When you have noisy data, it can be useful to make a “smoothed” graph so a signal is easier to see. This basically involves averaging data with the data of the points near it (called a moving average). Of course, this means the points in the middle of the graph have to be treated differently than the points at the ends of the graph (since endpoints have less data on one side). There are various ways to handle this issue, and the way used by Mann is “Mike’s Nature trick.” This is what he did:

First, he appended the temperature record to the end of his reconstruction. This combined the two records into a single line. Next, he “smoothed” the record. Finally, he deleted all the data after 1980, when the reconstructed record originally ended. The net effect of this was to change the end of the graph from pointing down to pointing up.

This is not “an entirely legitimate plotting device.” It is not just a case of plotting two different lines on the same graph. It is using data from one line to manipulate the data from another line without any rational basis.

Mann then goes on to defend “hide the decline” by saying:

These data show an enigmatic decline in their response to warming temperatures after roughly 1960, perhaps because of pollution21–that is the decline that Jones was referring to.
While “hide the decline” was poor–and unfortunate–wording on Jones’s part, he was simply referring to something Briffa and coauthors had themselves cautioned in their original 1998 publication: that their tree ring density should not be used to infer temperatures after 1960 because they were compromised by the divergence problem.

This is pure post hoc reasoning. No explanation is offered as to how one can know the divergence means the proxies stopped tracking temperatures in the modern period yet still know they tracked temperatures in the past.

Mann then goes onto acknowledge:

There was one thing Jones did in his WMO graph, however, that went beyond what we had done in our Nature article: He had seamlessly merged proxy and instrumental data into a single curve, without explaining which was which. That was potentially misleading, though not intentionally so; he was only seeking to simplify the picture for the largely nontechnical audience of the WMO report.

Jones deleted the (decreasing) reconstructed data after 1960, appended (increasing) instrumental data to the record, offered it as a single continuous record, and Mann says this “was potentially misleading.” He’s quick to assure the reader that wasn’t the intention, but rather, Jones was just trying to make the picture simpler by deleting data then replacing it with data that went in the opposite direction without explaining what he did.

Mann Defends Against an Accusation by… Admitting it’s True

While nonsensical comments should no longer be surprising in Mann’s book, it is unlikely anyone could anticipate him saying:

Some critics also claimed that the e-mails revealed a culture of “gatekeeping,” that climate scientists, myself included, were unfairly preventing skeptics from publishing in the peer reviewed literature. So claimed Patrick Michaels25 of the libertarian26 Cato Institute roughly a month after the CRU hack in a December 17 Wall Street Journal op-ed.27 Peer review, however, is by definition gatekeeping; it is intended to keep seriously deficient work from polluting the scientific literature.28

In response to he and his peers being accused of gatekeeping, unfairly preventing skeptics from publishing, Mann responds by simply saying peer review is inherently gatekeeping. He doesn’t dispute anything. He doesn’t deny skeptics were unfairly prevented from publishing. He defends against the accusation by tacitly admitting it is true.

Conclusion

Finally, in conclusion, let me say just this

-Peter Sellers

There are many things in Michael Mann’s book this document does not cover. Most involve technical issues. They could be explained simply enough for a reader to understand, but there is no need. The entire technical debate can be boiled down to a single issue.

Mann and his co-authors created a temperature reconstruction of the past 1,000 years (of the northern hemisphere) which had the shape of a “hockey stick.” It showed relatively flat temperatures for approximately 900 years followed by a sharp increase in temperatures over the last hundred. This gave the impression modern temperatures were unprecedented in the last millennium, strongly suggesting humans were the cause. Critics of the hockey stick say this shape, and thus the implication, can exist solely by giving undue weight to a small amount of data. For all the disagreements and technical issues which have arisen, that point is what everything comes down to.

Mann’s original reconstruction was created in two parts. The first part went back to 1,400 AD, and it was published in 1998. In this paper, that central criticism was dismissed prior to ever being raised when the authors said:

the long-term trend in NH is relatively robust to the inclusion of dendroclimatic indicators in the network, suggesting that potential tree growth trend biases are not influential in the multiproxy climate reconstructions.

The next year, Mann and his co-authors published a second paper, extending their reconstruction back to 1,000 AD. Prior to this, Mann did an analysis, the results of which he describes on page 51 of his book:

The tests revealed that not all of the records were playing an equal role in our reconstructions. Certain proxy data appeared to be of critical importance in establishing the reliability of the reconstruction–in particular, one set of tree ring records spanning the boreal tree line of North America published by dendroclimatologists Gordon Jacoby and Rosanne D’Arrigo.

Amazingly enough, Mann now admits his original hockey stick existed solely because of “one set of tree ring records,” directly contradicting his 1998 paper which said the reconstruction was “relatively robust to the inclusion of dendroclimatic indicators” (dendroclimatic indicators are tree ring data). Despite admitting he knew this, he has never corrected his original paper. Instead, he built upon that paper and never told people his conclusions were based on only a tiny fraction of the data he used.

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125 Responses to A detailed review of Mann’s book: The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars as it relates to the Wegman report to Congress

  1. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    I just realized the very first quote I put up has a typo. Mann’s book used the correct “there,” not the “their” I quoted him as using. It is completely insignificant, but I am going to be beating myself up over it forever. Sorry about that!

  2. JohnOfEnfield says:

    I sincerely hope Mann sues for libel.

    Bet he daren’t.

  3. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    JohnOfEnfield, I’m not sure how I feel about someone hoping I get sued. Granted, Mann would have to be a complete and total moron to sue me, and it would only hurt him, but still…

  4. fadingfool says:

    Whilst never being an advocate of man made global warming I have always supported the notion of Mann made global warming. May history judge him kinder than I.

  5. I can’t think of another climate scientist out there who has done so much to further the cause of scepticism.

  6. ThePowerofX says:

    I’ll drop a link to Frank O’Dwyer’s partial review of your review, if that’s okay.

    Mann 5, Shollenberger 0

    http://www.frankodwyer.com/blog/2012/03/06/mann-shollenberger/

    REPLY: There we go with those bogus inflated claims again “X”. Check the link you provided.

    O’Dwyer’s title: Mann 4, Shollenberger 0

    ThePowerofX title: Mann 5, Shollenberger 0

    And you wonder why we all think you are just another troll…sheesh

    - Anthony

  7. jh says:

    Y’all are much too hard on Michael Mann – it clearly states under rule 10 of the National Hockey League – A player with a broken stick may continue to take part in the game provided he drops his broken stick.

  8. Ouch! This one will sting.

    That’s a definite attaboy, Mr Schollenberger.

  9. MrE says:

    Brandon, Are you putting this review on Amazon?

  10. Harold Ambler says:

    Mann just can’t stop talking about the Holocene Climactic Optimum and the Eemian interglacial. He’s obsessed with how temperatures today fall *easily* within the parameters of natural variability.

    No, sorry, that’s me! By the way, if you’ve (truly) read my book it could use more reviews on Amazon. Thank you.

  11. Jeff D. says:

    Will Nitschke says:
    March 7, 2012 at 1:15 pm

    I can’t think of another climate scientist out there who has done so much to further the cause of scepticism.

    ________________________

    I agree, but Peter is sure giving it a valiant try. Those two would make great roomies. So much in common.

  12. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    ThePowerofX, it’s fine if you want to post that, but you (and everyone else) should probably be very cautious when reading it. For example, even Michael Mann doesn’t agree with Frank o’Dwyer (at least, on one point). o’Dwyer “tweeted” a message about his blog post, and Mann responded. In the following exchange, Mann made it clear the mistake I discussed was real and would be corrected in the next edition. Someone else can probably find a link to the exchange.

    MrE, I had considered submitting it as a review, but all the formatting would be stripped if I did. I’m not sure just what formatting Amazon allows offhand, but it’d be a pain to try to reapply it.

    By the way, for people who haven’t seen me say this elsewhere, I’ve been working on a follow-up to this. I’m expecting to have it done sometime this weekend. It’ll be more “technical,” so it won’t be as easy to read, but it should be simple enough for anyone to follow.

  13. Smokey says:

    ThePowerofX,

    Mann refuses to abide by the scientific method. He avoids transparency. He hides out from debate. And your link to one of his climate alarmist crowd water carriers allows for no comment. Therefore I suspect it is heavily cherry-picked, as it is filled with ad-homs against McIntyre, Wegman, etc. Conclusions are announced without allowing any comments from those who may have contrary information to add [and there is a lot of contrary information]. Censorship is the common thread of the alarmist crowd. They must control the narrative at all costs, without allowing any other point of view. Why is that, I wonder?

    The only way Michael Mann could regain any of his lost credibility is by providing full and complete transparency, by following the scientific method, and by answering questions about his data, methodology, metadata and code like any honest scientist would. Instead, he hides out like a charlatan, afraid of the light of day.

  14. jim says:

    Gee, you don’t suppose that Mann is just plain sloppy in his work?
    That would explain a lot.
    Thanks
    JK

  15. Mr Schollenberger, you’re right, the formatting would be a nightmare for a brief review. I’d add that the length, the technical detail and the citations would also make it unworkable and even unreadable to a general audience. Having not long ago condensed, edited and rewritten a pile of technical notes from multiple sources into a more concise, recently published textbook, may I suggest that you begin with the conclusion, work backwards to cover the most salient points, such as the ones you have titled, and list only page references to the passages, rather than full citations. You may not be able to cover all you have here, but you don;t have to for a brief review. Glad to help out, if you wish, although the next several days I have a fuller schedule due to the holiday of Purim, and wouldn’t be able to get it done until the beginning of the week.

  16. Snotrocket says:

    Brandon Shollenberger says:
    March 7, 2012 at 12:57 pm
    “I just realized the very first quote I put up has a typo. Mann’s book used the correct “there,” not the “their” I quoted him as using.”

    Brandon, don’t beat yourself up. I’m pretty picky about the use of English but I had to parse and re-parse that opening very many times to get the meaning. I think the fact that I (and you) had to do so says something about the clarity of Mann’s communications.

    Furthermore, Mann’s book is entitled, “The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars”. It must be a very one-sided war in his mind. He doesn’t, apparently, mention Andrew Montford’s brilliant book, “The Hockey Stick Illusion”.

  17. Joseph Thoma says:

    Brandon, I am so glad that you listened to your friends at the Climate Audit, to go and see Anthony about posting your review at WUWT.

    When it comes to publish THE truth in science, Anthony will always find the space on his blog.
    When are we going to see the rest of your masterpiece? Thank you for posting here.

    Taras

  18. Disko Troop says:

    The term “Mannian Science” will go down in history but won’t mean what Michael Mann must have dreamed of when he opened his first toy DIY climate science kit as a toddler. As he looked at the little thermometer, the sawn up tree and the ruler with the strange bent bit on the end he must have dreamed of greatness.

  19. Nick Stokes says:

    Brandon,
    Your rhetoric on Mann accusing Wegman of perjury etc is over the top. Disputing a fact, even in Congressional testimony, does not carry that implication.

    But there was collaboration beyond what Wegman acknowledged. Fig 4.1 in the Wegman report is identical with Fig 1 in McIntyre and McKitrick’s GRL paper, despite Wegman’s claim to have done there a Monte Carlo simulation – ie with random numbers. That exact reproduction of a random simulation could only have been done with numbers supplied by M&M.

  20. More Soylent Green! says:

    This is sloppy work. Any indication it was ghost written?

    REPLY: No I checked out Mr. Schollenberger before publishing. He wrote it. And, I don’t think he did a sloppy job at all – Anthony

  21. ntesdorf says:

    I am amazed that people still talk seriously at length about Michael Mann. His work is a joke. He seems to me to have lost all credibility with his fraudulent representations. I read these lengthy articles in full but all I can here at the end of them is a voice saying, “That Hockey Stick Graph was just shear nonsense made up of hand-picked cherry-pickings.”

  22. Mycroft says:

    there’s an old saying in the UK.
    “To be a good liar, you need to have a good memory”
    seems some one can not remember what he’s said and written

  23. KnR says:

    I long held the view that when Mann falls you will surprised to find who lines-up to give him kick in the way down. One of the interesting things coming out of the leaked e-mail is actual Mann treats even others on ‘the Team’ poorly . So that the nature of his book, especially given the universe sized ego he displays , should hardly be a surprise. And in the long run, the fun part is, that it may be this very ‘ego’ which will be his downfall.

  24. ThinkingScientist says:

    I think Mann is overflowing with his own self importance. One fundamental question has to be whether he believes his own rhetoric or not. His writing is full of unsubstantiated claims, favourites of his being “fossil fuel funded deniers”, a statement which he conjures up without evidence from thin air. Another popular meme is his “climate contrarians” – presumably anyone who disagrees with his infallible scientific opinion

    Mann writes in riddles, and the quotes from this book highlight this quite well. I think he thinks he is clever with words, and smarter than anyone else. If, as I have, you have waded through the thick treacle of his original hockey stick papers and then skipped lightly through the erudite papers by McIntyre and McKitrick (and later the RyanO rebuttal of Steig et al 2009) then it quickly becomes clear that Mann’s arguments are incomplete, illogical, not supported by data and evidence and are as clear as mud. Contrast this with simple illustrations by McIntyre and McKitrick that Mann’s “Hockey Stick” algorithm produces hockey sticks from red noise. Case closed – Mann’s Hockey Stick is a fabrication and no rational, scientifically trained individual who has read all the papers for and against could possibly reach any other conclusion.

    In my long (and signficantly longer than Dr Michael Mann’s) technical experience as a Geoscientist I have generally observed that when an author’s explanation is so wooden, written in inpenetrable language and incomplete in describing how the results were obtained then you can only start to wonder whether the results have any validity at all. I would give a Mann a D and it amazes me he even got a PhD.

    As for Upside down Tiljander – don’t get me started. Mann appears to think he can defend the indefensible forever. Mann NEVER admits a single error. This cannot be possible. Only the saintly are perfect, surely?

    Mann is a hubristic fool who will go down in infamy. I predict this: his work will be used in future first year undergraduate classes as a warning to not allow hubris and personal belief to corrupt the search for scientific truth. But then I think that danger may already have pointed out by some great scientists.

  25. I know Mann is the least popular person on planet skeptic but some of the criticism is rather lean- i.e. “Mann claims Peterson’s study “indicated” something it merely postulated.” I don’t think you can merely postulate, it has a meaning that is far more forthright in scientific lit but this book is a popular work.

    I can’t be asked to pick apart the review but another thin criticism is – “Mann Can’t Make Up His Mind-On page 57, Mann makes a peculiar argument. He first says:
    “Whether conditions in past centuries might have been warmer than today, then, would not have a scientific bearing on the case for the reality of human-caused climate change. That case, as we’ve seen, rests on multiple independent lines of evidence…”
    After saying it wouldn’t matter if a point in the past was warmer than the present, etc.”””.-
    I can’t read the whole chapter because I just ordered the book from the library [a means by which skeptics can read it and laugh yet not pay anything to the man] but the logic is clear- warming trends in the past are not particularly relevant to AGW in the same way lung cancer in non-smokers is not majorly relevant in lung cancer in smokers.

    But in such a large body of work I am surprised you have found so little to criticise and resorted to resurrecting the email ‘scandal’. flogging a dead horse comes to mind.

  26. diogenes says:

    ROFLMJFAO the Nick Stokes defence, right on cue! There waqs collaboration and Wegman lied and our hero Mann is right…becaquse he is always right…and never wrong…. Try harder, Nick. Do you even convince yourself these days?

  27. ThinkingScientist says:

    RE: NIck Stokes

    “That exact reproduction of a random simulation could only have been done with numbers supplied by M&M.”

    Or the seed number was set/specified in the code. Given the seed number the random sequence is competely reproducible.

    I always write down and specifically set the seeds so as I can reproduce any particular Monte Carlo results at a later date. Most of us stochastic modellers do this routinely, to ensure reproducibilty.

  28. kch says:

    Nick Stokes -

    “Fig 4.1 in the Wegman report is identical with Fig 1 in McIntyre and McKitrick’s GRL paper…”

    Well, yes. but given that the Wegman report specifically states that figure 4.1 is a ‘reproduction’ of MM05b’s figure 1 that is hardly surprising. No mention of monte carlo methods that I can see, either.

    Also, the text of the Wegman report, as well as his testimony, acknowledges the ‘collaboration’ needed to get SM’s code to run on Wegman’s computer.

  29. Roger Knights says:

    Smokey says:
    March 7, 2012 at 1:48 pm

    The only way Michael Mann could regain any of his lost credibility is by providing full and complete transparency, by following the scientific method, and by answering questions about his data, methodology, metadata and code like any honest scientist would. Instead, he hides out like a charlatan, afraid of the light of day.

    He ducks like a quack.

  30. APACHEWHOKNOWS says:

    Get this to Ralph Hall congressional office and ask that it get to his staff on the House Science committee.

    http://ralphhall.house.gov/

    Someone there wil help.

  31. Roger Knights says:

    Mycroft says:
    March 7, 2012 at 2:31 pm

    there’s an old saying in the UK.
    “To be a good liar, you need to have a good memory”

    It’s older than that:
    Mendacem memorem esse oportet

  32. Brandon,

    Enjoy your Purim festivities. We Christians could benefit if we were to remember our common heritage.

    Regards,
    Steamboat Jack (Jon Jewett’s evil twin)

  33. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    Nick Stokes, I’ve seen enough of your exchanges to not be interested in pursuing one here. However, if you’d like to surprise me, you could revisit the claim you make in your second paragraph. The truth is you’re quite wrong, and the reason for it is simple.

    The code McIntyre made available referred to a stored array rather than a dynamically generated array. Because the names were similar, it would be easy to miss. Your claim that this could only happen with further input from McIntyre shows, at best, a serious misunderstanding of how the code works.

    If you examine this issue and retract your claim, I’ll happily try discussing whatever other issues you might want to discuss. If you refuse to do so, I won’t bother responding to you again.

    Snotrocket, as unclear as Mann may be, that’s no excuse for me mistyping a quote. I had the text in front of me, yet I typed the wrong word. That shouldn’t happen. Typos are one thing, but when quoting someone, I should always make sure I get the quote right.

  34. jerry says:

    Bill Nye The Science Guy?

    Really?

  35. KnR says:

    ‘Even the most basic of fact-checking should have caught this mistake. Instead,obvious nonsense got published.’
    In one sentence you almost have much of the publishing history of climate science. To the shame of the science and the great shame of those that kept their mouths shut in other sciences when they knew this was going on .
    If the AGW house of cards falls , thanks to this silence there is far chance it will take a lot of other parts of science with it and that loss of public trust may take years to regain . Oddly I think that is the reason some scientists are seen to support ‘the cause’ their smart enough to know their riding a tiger and there is no way of getting off without losing limb.
    Having said that , I would not be surprised to find that has they retire , so don’t have to worry about their jobs or research grants , a number will come out and call BS on the whole thing.

  36. gbaikie says:

    Perhaps Mann is clinically insane.

  37. John Blake says:

    As manager of a so-called “quant model” hedge fund, applying rudimentary but powerful math/statistical algorithms to flag time-series turns, we view Green Gangsters’ endless prevarication and subterfuge under color of scientific findings with veritable nausea.

    Do none of these people have any common sense or integrity whatever? How is it possible to make such destructively stupid assertions over decades, directly contradicting not only current evidence but all past history? Such self-delusion borders on psychopathology, all the worse for being standard operating procedure in this conflicted field.

  38. ThinkingScientist says:

    Re: Nick Stokes comment: “That exact reproduction of a random simulation could only have been done with numbers supplied by M&M”

    The more I read this comment, the more I see this as just mischief making by you Nick. To reproduce a complete random number sequence run you just need one integer number, typically six or seven digits long such as 4325761. You are almost implying some nefarious passing of special numbers and information between Mann and Wegman, as though some implied conspiracy must exist.

    To completely reproduce a random number sequence you just need to know the seed (see above) and how many numbers are called. It is very common, if not almost stanard in bespoke code as McIntyre & McKitrick wrote, to simply set these two numbers in the code. If not set in the code (and M&M specifically refer to the number of simulations, so I doubt this) then there is nothing nefarious in asking for the seed number so the Monte Carlo run is exactly the same.

    This is nothing more than a flimsy attempt to create some suspicious motive (without corroborating evidence) when the truth is completely different. Disappointed in you Nick, this is unsubstantiated sh*t stirring, plain and simple.

  39. James of the West says:

    Manns selective partial quotation reminds me of a famous John Lennon lyric quote “You may think I’m a dreamer, but I’m not”

  40. Gary Hladik says:

    Brandon, you have both my thanks and my sympathies for reading Mann’s book all the way through. I can’t, my blood pressure is too high already. :-)

  41. John Shade says:

    John Blake, you put your finger on it. It is all very strange, and it would be a good thing if we had answers to such questions. For the children. For us it is almost too late – the madness has taken hold and is busy wreaking havoc with energy and food supplies, with the education of the young, and with many of our scientific institutions whose leaders see themselves more as part of a political class than a scientific one.

  42. David L says:

    Mann hates when he’s taken out of context. Funny that he does the same thing throughout his book.

  43. Kasuha says:

    Nick Stokes says:
    March 7, 2012 at 2:17 pm

    But there was collaboration beyond what Wegman acknowledged. Fig 4.1 in the Wegman report is identical with Fig 1 in McIntyre and McKitrick’s GRL paper,
    __________________

    “While at first the McIntyre code was specific to the file structure of his computer, with his
    assistance we were able to run the code on our own machines and reproduce and extend
    some of his results.”

    You may have noticed they used their (exact) code. That’s no secret. And you may also know that computer random number generators have source numbers, called “seeds”. Use the same seed, you get exactly the same sequence. You don’t need any collaboration to run the same program with the same inputs.

  44. Steve from Rockwood says:

    julesbollocks says:
    March 7, 2012 at 2:59 pm

    I know Mann is the least popular person on planet skeptic but some of the criticism is rather lean- i.e. “Mann claims Peterson’s study “indicated” something it merely postulated.” I don’t think you can merely postulate, it has a meaning that is far more forthright in scientific lit but this book is a popular work.

    Jules, in a world where the science is very specific and apparently “settled”, your attempt to minimize something that was turned into fact from a mere postulation is utter bollocks.

    Pick apart a sentence or two, but taken in its entirety, Shollenberger has done an excellent job dismantling the mad Mann.

  45. ThinkingScientist says:

    Hey Nick Stokes, you have been called out by me and several others here in the comments for your unsubstantial and misleading claim. Gonna reply? Defend your remarks? Didn’t think so….

  46. ThinkingScientist says:

    Nick Stokes, I think you have may have been pwned.

  47. kramer says:

    Nick Stokes said:

    “But there was collaboration beyond what Wegman acknowledged. Fig 4.1 in the Wegman report is identical with Fig 1 in McIntyre and McKitrick’s GRL paper, despite Wegman’s claim to have done there a Monte Carlo simulation – ie with random numbers. That exact reproduction of a random simulation could only have been done with numbers supplied by M&M.”

    Nick, I noticed that the figures you posted have hockey stick shaped graphs and you also mentioned “random simulation.”

    I think what I’m asking you here is related — I’d like your view as to what was meant in a climategate 2 email (4241.txt) that if I am reading it right, says some scientist generated a bunch of random numbers using excel and plugged them into what I think is Mann’s code used for his hockey stick graph and it spit out a hockey stick graph. Then the scientist writes “The reconstructions clearly show a ‘hockey-stick’ trend. I guess this is precisely the phenomenon that Macintyre has been going on about.”

    Is he saying that Mann’s code spit out a hockey stick shaped graph from random numbers?

    I’d also like your view on what the following two excerpts regarding the hockey stick mean, one discussing the views of Richard Muller of UC Berkeley, the other about the views of Professor David Hand, the president of the Royal Statistical Society:

    A more sardonic view was taken by prominent Bay Area physicist Richard Muller of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, who served as a peer reviewer for the academy’s report. In 2004, he publicly criticized the Mann team’s work, calling it “an artifact of poor mathematics … when applied to the (temperature records of the) last millennium,” he recalled in an e-mail Thursday.
    Commondreams.org, June 23, 2006

    A key piece of evidence in climate change science was slammed as “exaggerated” on Wednesday by the UK’s leading statistician, in a vindication of claims that global warming sceptics have been making for years.

    Professor David Hand, president of the Royal Statistical Society, said that a graph shaped like an ice hockey stick that has been used to represent the recent rise in global temperatures had been compiled using “inappropriate” methods.
    FT.com, April 14, 2010

  48. Nick Stokes says:

    Brandon Shollenberger says: March 7, 2012 at 3:12 pm

    “The code McIntyre made available referred to a stored array rather than a dynamically generated array. Because the names were similar, it would be easy to miss. Your claim that this could only happen with further input from McIntyre shows, at best, a serious misunderstanding of how the code works.”

    Brandon, what Wegman said in his report was:

    “We have been able to reproduce the results of McIntyre and McKitrick (2005b). While at first the McIntyre code was specific to the file structure of his computer, with his assistance we were able to run the code on our own machines and reproduce and extend some of his results. In Figure 4.1, the top panel displays PC1 simulated using the MBH98 methodology from stationary trendless red noise.”

    That’s not compatible with just getting a file of results from M&M.

    kch says: March 7, 2012 at 3:02 pm
    ” No mention of monte carlo methods that I can see, either.”

    The caption to M&M (the original) said:
    “Top: Sample PC1 from Monte Carlo simulation
    using the procedure described in text applying MBH98
    data transformation to persistent trendless red noise;”

    ThinkingScientist says: March 7, 2012 at 3:02 pm

    “Or the seed number was set/specified in the code.”

    But it wasn’t. And there’s no reason to use the same seed number. The idea of a random simulation is that it is random. You aren’t supposed to just reproduce a lucky hit.

  49. James Sexton says:

    How timely again……. I had posted on Mann earlier today.

    @Brandon Shollenberger…… I hope your technical update will include something towards what I’ll comment. The world owes Mac and Mac a great debt. I hold them both in very high regard. But, like all things, when something is gained, something is lost.

    I think the statistical and technical analysis, done in such a depth, that it lent a air of legitimacy to the approach of Mann and the subsequent dendro papers where none should exist.

    Forget the inherent difficulties from torturing a temp from a tree ring….. I posit it can’t be done except in the most general terms. Forget that. For now, let’s just pretend the tree rings are so exacting, we can get to a tenth of a degree with them. Let’s stipulate their accuracy for argument’s sake. Here’s is what I wrote earlier today…….

    Suppose you have various thermometers around certain areas of the northern hemisphere. Most are at high altitudes or high latitudes. Each thermometer recorded temps for about 6 to 8 weeks a year. All of the thermometers recorded the temps at approximately the same time of the year, the summer. The thermometers only work when the mean daily temp is at least about 46°F.

    When calculated, the mean of the thermometers for the 6-8 weeks in year one was 53°F. In year two/56°, yr3/ 55.6°, yr4/57.6°, year 5/52.7°, yr6/58.5°, yr7/56.1°, yr8/54.9°, yr9/55.7°, and finally, yr 10 was 53.5°F.

    Given the information provided above, calculate the annual hemispheric mean and then the decadal temp mean. Please show your work.

    A book deal may be worked out for the one with the correct answer, but more likely for the one with the most vivid imagination. http://suyts.wordpress.com/2012/03/07/a-test-in-determining-a-hemispheric-temp-mean/

    The entire idea is fallacious and ludicrous. There is no scientific, mathematical, or logical basis for this madness. It is a fabrication from an intellectually vacant posit. I doubt that any of this will ever be revisited until we’re all dead and gone, but it should be. Oh, and I forgot to add, as the temps move further away from about 75°F, the treeometers cease to work as well. Anyone care to guess why the hockey-stick has such a flat line?

  50. ChE says:

    Bill Nye The Science Guy?

    Really?

    Really. He even tweeted it once.

  51. G. Dixon says:

    Jeff D. says:
    Will Nitschke says:
    >I can’t think of another climate scientist out there who has done so much to further the cause of scepticism.
    >I agree, but Peter is sure giving it a valiant try. Those two would make great roomies. So much in common.
    ————————————-
    Don’t forget Hansen:
    Curly Gleick
    Larry Hansen
    Moe Mann

  52. John W. Garrett says:

    Dr. Mann was interviewed on NPR ( American Public Radio ) by Ira Flatow on “Talk Of The Nation” on 2 March. A transcript of the interview can be found at:
    http://www.npr.org/2012/03/02/147815862/michael-mann-from-the-trenches-of-the-climate-war?plckFindCommentKey=CommentKey:9d00cb79-ea55-4944-88a6-e2e74613eb6e

    Comments are still being accepted.

  53. Bruce Hall says:

    From above:
    The summary does not mention that the satellite data–the only true global measurements, available since 1979–show no warming at all, but actually a slight cooling, although this is compatible with a zero trend.

    Singer says one set of observations shows cooling (which he mentions is statistically insignificant). He mentions other observations show warming. Mann portrays this as him saying observations only show cooling. This is a tame example, but it is part of a far larger pattern of behavior, a pattern seen again on page 24, where Mann says….”

    This site: http://www.ssmi.com/msu/msu_data_description.html
    shows 4 satellite channels … 2 with positive temperature trends (troposphere) and 2 with negative temperature trends (stratosphere) since 1979.

    Curious how this is interpreted with regard to “global” temperatures.

  54. Latitude says:

    Oh, and I forgot to add, as the temps move further away from about 75°F, the treeometers cease to work as well. Anyone care to guess why the hockey-stick has such a flat line?
    =================================
    The three bears…………too hot….too cold…..and just right

  55. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    Nick Stokes, apparently you’ve decided to live down to my expectations. You say:

    That’s not compatible with just getting a file of results from M&M.

    Seeing as I never made such a claim, it’s hardly surprising it isn’t compatible with what Wegman has said. If and when you decide to discuss my actual words, I’ll be around.

  56. Bob Johnston says:

    In my fantasy football league there’s trash talking aplenty and the loser in an exchange is always the person who gets defensive after a particularly penetrating and accurate comment. After years of penetrating and accurate comments dismissive of the alarmist hype, Mann’s book is the ultimate in defensive comments. Loser = Mann

  57. James Sexton says:

    Latitude says:
    March 7, 2012 at 4:33 pm

    Oh, and I forgot to add, as the temps move further away from about 75°F, the treeometers cease to work as well. Anyone care to guess why the hockey-stick has such a flat line?
    =================================
    The three bears…………too hot….too cold…..and just right
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    Winner!!! There are no extremes, because tree rings are incapable of producing a signal containing extreme temps! The tree rings will only grow in moderate temps. Too cold, not growing…. too hot, not growing…..

    That maniac and all of the other lunatics have convinced the world there is a way to estimate temps from these trees. One can not. This is the argument. It isn’t whether or not Wegman used a Monte Carlo technique or not.

  58. ThinkingScientist says:

    Nick Stokes says:

    “But it wasn’t. And there’s no reason to use the same seed number. The idea of a random simulation is that it is random. You aren’t supposed to just reproduce a lucky hit.”

    You are trying to imply that the output of 10,000 stochastic simulations from a random number generator in R of red noise sequences in McIntyre and McKitrick was a “lucky hit”? Nick Stokes, you are talking b*ll*cks as we say in my part of the world.

    You are providing disingenuous and misleading commentary for the gallery. If you work in stochastic modelling (as I do, or as also highlighted above by Kasuha) then setting the seed to give the same sequence is what you do. The randomness of the generated sequence has nothing to do with the seed, the seed simply creates the start point for a given random sequence. Unless you are comparing multiple runs it doesn’t matter what the seed is in this context. If you use the same seed you get the same random sequence. Most implementations are based on the generators in Numerical Recipes. If you don’t know how they work, go and read it up. To use a phrase “the idea of a random simulation is that it is random” suggests you are either talking out the back of your other orifice and know nothing at all about how random numbers are generated algorithmically in computer code (which I doubt), or you are being deliberately misleading in your statements. I strongly suspect the latter and you are deliberately trying to make an issue of something competely irrelevent.

    If the seed is not in the code then, if I wanted to be sure I was reproducing the same results when trying to run someone elses code I would simply ask for the seed. Hardly collaboration, just reproducibilty. Your attempt to paint this as something nefarious is pathetic – perhaps Steve McIntyre can confirm about his usualy procedure for setting seed numbers: perhaps he set the seed in the code, or generated a random array and then stored it in the code or as a file. Any which way it was done its a non-issue and trying to “Stoke” it up into a “collaboration” is (to borrow a phrase from Trenberth) a travesty of the truth.

  59. Nick Stokes says:

    Brandon Shollenberger says: March 7, 2012 at 4:33 pm
    “Nick Stokes, apparently you’ve decided to live down to my expectations. You say:

    That’s not compatible with just getting a file of results from M&M.
    Seeing as I never made such a claim, it’s hardly surprising it isn’t compatible with what Wegman has said. If and when you decide to discuss my actual words, I’ll be around.”

    Brandon, your actual words were:
    “The code McIntyre made available referred to a stored array rather than a dynamically generated array.”

    What’s the relevance of that if it isn’t saying that they used a stored array (file of results) in running the code.

    In fact, the program can calculate the results of a stochastic simulation. I’ve done it.. It also is able to store numerical results to read back for postprocessing and plotting, and the version they posted had that switched on. But used a stored array and then plotting isn’t “reproducing the results”.

  60. Louis Hooffstetter says:

    I’m thrilled that Michael Mann believes MBH 98 & 99 are “the basis of the scientific evidence for human-caused climate change …” Contrast these papers with what Smokey says (March 7, 2012 at 1:48 pm). If these papers are truly “the basis of the scientific evidence for human-caused climate change, we can turn out the lights and lock the doors as we leave, for our work is done.

  61. paddylol says:

    Falsely accusing someone of committing a crime, such as perjury, is libel prr se. That means that malice is imputed and need not be proved. Mann accusations are serious. Wegman has been defamed. If he is not considered a public figure, Mann could be sued successfully. Mann is up to his chin in deep caca.

  62. Hu McCulloch says:

    Brandon — Great job! Can you post a short review at Amazon referring readers over here?

    I was able to paste the URL of my CA post into a reply to a comment on my review. However, I subsequently tried to edit my review by adding the URL directly to it but it has not shown up, so I’m really not sure if URLs can be pasted into reviews per se. But it’s worth a try.

  63. kch says:

    Nick Stokes -

    You’re right, it is in the MM paper. Sorry about that, I should have looked there, even though you had said “…despite Wegman’s claim to have done there a Monte Carlo simulation…” Silly me….

    That Wegman *didn’t* claim to have done a random number simulation might just reinforce the point that he was confirming he could reconstruct MM’s work, not that he was running experimental work on his own. That section seems to be about reconstructing the work of MM and Mann.

  64. Nick Stokes says:

    ThinkingScientist says:
    March 7, 2012 at 4:56 pm

    Nick Stokes says:

    “But it wasn’t. And there’s no reason to use the same seed number. The idea of a random simulation is that it is random. You aren’t supposed to just reproduce a lucky hit.”

    You are trying to imply that the output of 10,000 stochastic simulations from a random number generator in R of red noise sequences in McIntyre and McKitrick was a “lucky hit”? Nick Stokes, you are talking b*ll*cks as we say in my part of the world.

    No, I’ve talking about the display of that one simulation, which is identical with that of M&M. Why do 10000 simulations if you’re going to just show their result?

    But as a stochastic modeller, you might like to note their odd practice of subselecting 100 from that 10000 according to their “hockey stick index” (ie how much it looks like a hockey stick) and then randomly selecting from that subgroup for display, as in Fig 4.4.

    And kch, M&M’s work was a Monte Carlo simulation. It hardly amounts to “reconstruction” if you just reproduce their exact calc (if that’s what they did). What counts is the distribution of results.

  65. Peter Miller says:

    Thinkingscientist says:

    “In my long (and signficantly longer than Dr Michael Mann’s) technical experience as a Geoscientist I have generally observed that when an author’s explanation is so wooden, written in inpenetrable language and incomplete in describing how the results were obtained then you can only start to wonder whether the results have any validity at all. I would give a Mann a D and it amazes me he even got a PhD.”

    How could any real scientist – non-government of course – argue with this obvious self-evident statement?

  66. Mark T says:

    Brandon Shollenberger says:
    March 7, 2012 at 4:33 pm

    If and when you decide to discuss my actual words, I’ll be around.

    He lives down to Gleick’s standards, in case you were wondering. Absolutely pathetic.

    Mark

  67. Owen in Ga says:

    @ThinkingScientist – unfortunately too many undergraduate science programs teach our young scientists how to count photons and calculate wave equations, but don’t give more than two minutes to scientific ethics. So unless there is a radical shakeup of pedagogy, I’m afraid future generations of scientists will be just as ignorant of this fraud as the current generation.

  68. Nick Stokes says:

    ThinkingScientist says: March 7, 2012 at 4:56 pm

    “If you use the same seed you get the same random sequence. Most implementations are based on the generators in Numerical Recipes. If you don’t know how they work, go and read it up.”

    That’s an odd use of the word “random”. Yes, I know how pseudo-random number generators work. And I know that in lieu of “random” they produce output that is evenly scattered out of some distribution. Or as evenly as can be managed. That is why they are valued.

    So why, in any real attempt to do stochastic modelling, would you use a predictable sequence? And if it’s not a real stochastic modelling, but just proves the post=processing works as advertised, then what has he “reproduced”?

    And I’m still interested in a stochastic modeller’s view as to why they can subselect a sample (100 out of 10000) according to hockey stick index, and then randomly select from that to show the apopearance of a hockey stick.

  69. Johnnythelowery says:

    Brandon Shollenberger says:
    March 7, 2012 at 1:41 pm
    ThePowerofX, it’s fine if you want to post that, but you (and everyone else) should probably be very cautious when reading it. For example, even Michael Mann doesn’t agree with Frank o’Dwyer (at least, on one point). o’Dwyer “tweeted” a message about his blog post, and Mann responded. In the following exchange, Mann made it clear the mistake I discussed was real and would be corrected in the next edition. Someone else can probably find a link to the exchange.

    MrE, I had considered submitting it as a review, but all the formatting would be stripped if I did. I’m not sure just what formatting Amazon allows offhand, but it’d be a pain to try to reapply it.

    By the way, for people who haven’t seen me say this elsewhere, I’ve been working on a follow-up to this. I’m expecting to have it done sometime this weekend. It’ll be more “technical,” so it won’t be as easy to read, but it should be simple enough for anyone to follow.
    ——————
    Even if we don’t understand it, we’ll read it. By exposing myself to all the wonderful threads, articles,
    and charts here at WUWT, i’ve received an education on something i knew, or cared, little about. It was a New Scientist article in 2006 that really got me going as it said that we were in for a cooling period due to falling sunspots on the sun. It was ascribed to Leif and I didn’t know who Leif was. That flew in the face of everything i was hearing in the news about a world warming up and thats when i thought…….hmmm…there’s something wrong here. I even got to chat with him about the article here and found he felt he was misquoted. I’m no expert but i’m trying to understand and it’s more interesting than i ever imagined. . So….let us have it!!!!

  70. Smokey says:

    Nick Stokes says:

    “I’m still interested in a stochastic modeller’s view as to why they can subselect a sample (100 out of 10000) according to hockey stick index, and then randomly select from that to show the apopearance (?) of a hockey stick.”

    The real question is: why did Mann think he could get away with ‘subselecting’ a small sample of cherry-picked proxies that gave him his hokey stick chart? Mann pulled the same shenanigans with the corrupted Tiljander proxy, and he was caught again. Turns out Mann knew before he published that Tiljander’s proxy was no good. The guy just has no honesty in him.

  71. More Soylent Green! says:

    More Soylent Green! says:

    March 7, 2012 at 2:21 pm

    This is sloppy work. Any indication it was ghost written?

    REPLY: No I checked out Mr. Schollenberger before publishing. He wrote it. And, I don’t think he did a sloppy job at all – Anthony

    Mann’s book is sloppy. Any indication Mann had a ghostwriter?

  72. Joe Bastardi says:

    Since the PDO flip 1) mid trop temps , where the IPCC indicated the trapping caused by co2 would occur, have reached record low levels 2) N Hemisphere sea ice is approaching the 30 year mean 3) sea levels have fallen off a bit 4) A jagged 3 year downward trend in temp has started 5) cloud heights are lowering, indicating a cooling troposphere and faster condensation processes 6) all consistent with basic climate cycle theory.. 7) There is no hockey stick in Chinese tree ring studies. The evidence is stacked strongly against him as far as the factual matter since it appears that solar cycles since the little ice age and oceanic cycles will explain this more thoroughly than co2 since there is yet another disconnect, ( there as a previous one earlier in the century.

    I have read almost everything Michael Mann has authored as he is here at PSU. While I disagreed with him on the hockey stick, I merely said, if I had looked at just what he looked at, I might believe it too. However it has become apparent either a) he has seen what we are all seeing and is ignores it. b) he hasnt seen it and this is simply a mark of someone who’s ignorance is showing c) he is a warrior, but for an agenda the USES climate as a weapon, not as something that is to seriously studied. He appears to be oblivious that for Northern hemisphere land masses, with the exception of N america, this is the coldest winter since the 1970s and only the leftover warmth relative to average over the arctic and the N American winter saved this from being the the coldest globally since the 1970s. I believe he is now all in with the agenda driven hordes and his idea that this is a “war” when as a matter of fact its a matter of a simple test of an idea.. that over the next 30 years the earth cools back to where it was due to the natural process of the oceanic cycles and the reaction to the global temperature distribution that would do that is all this is, shows what this is all about.

    Recommended reading to further bolster the case.. and this is something I think we have to consider more.. that co2 has NOTHING to do with climate, is linked here

    http://co2insanity.com/2011/09/04/top-scientists-in-heated-debate-over-‘-slaying-of-greenhouse-gas-theory/

  73. amac78 says:

    Re: the dispute about Wegman Fig. 4.4 (seeding Monte Carlo simulations) between {Nick Stokes} on the one hand, and {Brandon Shollenberger, ThinkingScientist, and others} on the other

    I clicked the link that Nick Stokes supplied upthread to a post on his blog. It turns out that this post from June 8, 2011, Effect of selection in the Wegman Report is an excellent treatment of this subject, among others.

    I am not saying Nick is right — I frankly don’t know. Much to Nick’s credit, there is much consideration of ClimateAudit commenter OneUniverse, who has also done a lot of work on this problem. OneUniverse and many other recognizable names from both sides of the debate show up in Nick’s comments. The exchanges are 90% issue-oriented and civil, a welcome change from most such threads.

    I’d strongly recommend that all parties consider that
    (1) On this issue, Nick has already produced a post that shows that he knows the subject matter very well,
    (2) It’s complicated, and much ground has already been covered at the linked moyhu post,
    (3) Over there, adversaries were able to interact in a civil and constructive fashion, a trend that is itself worthy of emulation.

  74. DirkH says:

    Nick Stokes is doing quite the rear guard action for the team here.

    Footnote 66 of Mann’s book and how he uses it shows that he’s intentionally deceiving his readers. Looks like an experienced leftist hack, not a team climate scientist stand-in with a course in science communications wrote the book.

  75. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    paddylol:

    Falsely accusing someone of committing a crime, such as perjury, is libel prr se. That means that malice is imputed and need not be proved. Mann accusations are serious. Wegman has been defamed. If he is not considered a public figure, Mann could be sued successfully. Mann is up to his chin in deep caca.

    Wegman isn’t a public figure, but even if he was, Mann could still be sued with ease. Malicious intent can be shown with regard to public figures by a willful disregard of facts, such as Mann’s butchering of Wegman’s testimony.

    The only way Mann could defend himself against a libel charge is by claiming his use of “apparently” excuses what he said. Everything I’ve seen indicates that defense would get laughed out of court by any judge or jury, but I’m no legal expert.

    Of course, just because Wegman could sue Mann doesn’t mean he should. It may well not be worth the time, effort and cost.

    Hu McCulloch:

    Brandon — Great job! Can you post a short review at Amazon referring readers over here?

    Thanks! I don’t think I want to post a review on Amazon right now since I intend to release a follow-up document in just a few days. If I’m going to post a review on Amazon, I think it’d be best to make sure it contains as much information as it can.

  76. Steve Dobbs says:

    Mann’s book is a great piece of evidence – evidence of his sloppy thinking and his persistent misrepresentation of the facts. This book gives us some great insights into his limited critical thinking ability, and shows a mind afflicted by confirmation bias. Thinking that is also reflected in his “scientific” work.

    Overall, I would suggest that he is not well suited for a career in science. Perhaps someone should look closer at his doctoral thesis to examine the question of whether he should have been granted his degree?

  77. bernie1815 says:

    amac78:
    Yours is a very helpful and timely comment. Perhaps someone can get Steve and/or Ross to chime in since they surely have a relevant perspective.

  78. RockyRoad says:

    A book as muddled as the code that generates Hockey Sticks. And by the same person. Should we be surprised?

  79. Robert Brown says:

    But it wasn’t. And there’s no reason to use the same seed number. The idea of a random simulation is that it is random. You aren’t supposed to just reproduce a lucky hit.

    Are you seriously suggesting that M&M’s result, and/or Wegman’s reproduction of it, is incorrect, an artifact of a “lucky hit”? That it is not a robust truth that the MBH algorithm will produce hockey stick graphs out of noise?

    OK, now you are just being silly. This is really, truly true, not just a little bit true but true indeed.

    MBH 1 and 2 is complete, total crap. Even the hockey team recognizes it. It directly contradicts some of the earlier work of e.g. Jones and Briffa. At least their work actually showed, instead of erased, the MWP and LIA.

    rgb

  80. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    amac78:

    Over there, adversaries were able to interact in a civil and constructive fashion, a trend that is itself worthy of emulation.

    I haven’t followed that link, but the way Nick Stokes has responded here makes me seriously question the value of it. Look at these two quotes from him (emphasis added):

    That’s not compatible with just getting a file of results from M&M.

    What’s the relevance of that if it isn’t saying that they used a stored array (file of results) in running the code.

    He attributed the first position to me even though it was nothing like anything I had ever said. I never claimed all Wegman et al. did was get a file of results from McIntyre. When I pointed this out, he responded by posting that second quote, completely changing the subject. Saying they used a “file of results” is hardly the same as saying they just used a “file of results.

    This is the same sort of incoherence present in Frank o’Dwyer’s “rebuttal,” which you praised. There is practically no way to respond to it in a meaningful fashion.

  81. More Soylent Green, having been reading your stuff, I was puzzled at first by Anthony’s note…thought that the Purim shots I had with the boys had messed me up more than usual. Was just about to post that I was sure you meant Mann and then saw your clarification. I was having similar thoughts, on the lines of Mann getting his flunkies to cobble together something from his scattered notes, then being too important and lazy to check the details…or even to properly read it…given the moronic contradictions and the actionable slander in what appears to be a rushed, dog’s breakfast of a book. One of the mysteries of life is how a person can be fairly smart on one hand and a total cretin on the other. Oh well, it’ll be fun to watch the Mann groupies trying to whitewash this one.

  82. Nick Stokes says:

    Robert Brown says: March 7, 2012 at 7:39 pm

    “Are you seriously suggesting that M&M’s result, and/or Wegman’s reproduction of it, is incorrect, an artifact of a “lucky hit”? That it is not a robust truth that the MBH algorithm will produce hockey stick graphs out of noise?”

    I’m suggesting that there is no reason for Wegman to get the seed from M&M to reproduce exactly the same result. The result should be robust to the stochastic variation. Otherwise they are just showing the properties of the same chance run.

    But I very much doubt that M&M had recorded the seed anyway. There’s no provision in the code for setting it. And their mechanism for enabling exact reproduction was to write the output from the Monte Carlo to a file, and read back from that file for post-processing. They did not require to re-run with the same seed.

    On the second, yes, it is not a robust truth that the MBH algorithm will produce hockey stick graphs out of noise. Certainly not as robust as they claimed. That was the point of my post linked above. They did a run of 10000, then selected from that the 100 that ranked most highly according to a “hockey stick index”. That is, how much it resembled an upward HS. From that, they selected the examples they showed. Without that artificial selection step, the HS tendency is much weaker.

  83. Policy Guy says:

    The sad thing is that it appears he actually believes the drivel in his book. I don’t think it matters how high he may have scored on an IQ test, or how well he performed on tests in college, this man’s mind appears to exist in another dimension. It drives home the point that “Climate Science” has a lot of reputation cleanup to perform. If participants in this field want to regain credibility outside of their well funded club they need to honestly assess the damage inflicted on “Climate Science” by this individual and The Team in general. The whole lot of them are starting to appear as if they are lemmings following a sweet carrot over the cliff of incredulity. What happened to science based upon observation and fact, instead of garbage in-garbage out models?

  84. Mesa Econoguy says:

    As I’ve suggested in the past (and Steve McIntyre seems to agree, mildly) it might make sense to apply similar standards as the securities industry, which has very strict rules surrounding historical asset performance measures (1 year, 5 year, 10 year comparative historical performance return requirements for marketing material).

    Mr. Schollenberger’s very good decimation above of Mann’s fraudulent – yes, fraudulent – moving average manipulation is grounds for Mann’s exclusion and fine from the securities industry, were he to have attempted similar deception there.

    Just sayin’.

  85. Mesa Econoguy says:

    As I’ve suggested in the past (and Steve McIntyre seems to agree, mildly) it might make sense to apply similar standards as the securities industry, which has very strict rules surrounding historical asset performance measures (1 year, 5 year, 10 year comparative historical performance return requirements for marketing material).

    Mr. Schollenberger’s very good decimation above of Mann’s fraudulent – yes, fraudulent – moving average manipulation is grounds for Mann’s exclusion and fine from the securities industry, were he to have attempted similar deception there.

  86. philincalifornia says:

    More Soylent Green! says:
    March 7, 2012 at 7:00 pm
    Mann’s book is sloppy. Any indication Mann had a ghostwriter?
    =====================================
    Bernie Madoff has a lot of time on his hands …..

  87. amac78 says:

    Nick Stokes –

    > [McIntyre & McKittrick] did a run of 10000, then selected from that the 100 that ranked most highly according to a “hockey stick index”. That is, how much it resembled an upward HS. From that, they selected the examples they showed. Without that artificial selection step, the HS tendency is much weaker.

    Weaker, yes. In your post & its comments, you and OneUniverse agreed that both of your respective runs of the code showed that. But: — You were also in agreement that the tendency to generate some HS out of noise still remained in MBH’s procedure, and that the de-centered procedure that they used was a major culprit.

    Agree or disagree?

  88. Anthony Watts says:

    re: ghostwriter question
    My opinion is that Mann wrote it, but his mind is preoccupied with other issues, hence the sloppy job. His “sabbatical” may not be just a sabbatical to write this book. Insiders suggest Mann might have been given a mandate and he may return to little more than a figurehead job there.

    Penn State is fully aware of the issues with Mann, word has it that some well heeled alumni are pulling out support and making noise. We’ll see what happens when this “sabbatical” is over. If you see some pronouncement that he’s been “promoted” to a new special position then there’s your answer. Of course I may be all wrong.

    When I was on local school board, we had to do something similar with a troublemaker. We were caught between discipline and regulations. Solution was to stick him in an office for a year where he couldn’t cause any more trouble. Didn’t keep him from shooting his mouth off to the press though and that was eventually his undoing.

  89. theduke says:

    Brandon wrote: “The only way Mann could defend himself against a libel charge is by claiming his use of “apparently” excuses what he said. Everything I’ve seen indicates that defense would get laughed out of court by any judge or jury, but I’m no legal expert.”

    I’m not either, but I think that Mann, while disingenuously using the quote out of context, is probably not in that much danger. The question Stupak asked was ” Did you or your co-authors contact Mr. McIntyre and get his help in replicating his work?” Wegman answered “no” to the question when he should have said, “no, not exactly.” The answer to the question is more accurately “yes” than “no” if you read Wegman’s full answer. He or members of his team did contact McIntyre to get his help in replicating his work because they were initially unable to do so. I’d have to read the full transcript to see what led up to the question. There may have been questions that impugned Wegman’s objectivity by inferring that he and McIntyre were teaming up on Mann.

    Mann’s hatred of Wegman for humiliating him and his work in public is visceral. He and others went after Wegman with a vengence and have succeeded to a degree in tarnishing his reputation. Sad. Wegman was only doing his duty as a citizen and they trashed him for it.

  90. neill says:

    In the hockey round-up this evening, unusually, there’s a consensus:

    Defenseman of the Year: Nick Stokes.

    Gotta love the brute.

  91. Nick Stokes says:

    amac78 says: March 7, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    “Agree or disagree?”

    Agree. My summary statement there was:
    “The last two plots [without selection] are a fairer indication of the HS tendency than is seen in Fig 4.4 of the Wegman report. It isn’t nothing, but it isn’t as neat as portrayed there.”

  92. Gerald Machnee says:

    I will not waste my time reading Mann’s book.
    But has anyone checked if he commented on the upside down graphs Steve McIntyre discussed?

  93. amac78 says:

    So you’re gonna rally around a heroic truth-telling savant who embodies everything good and pure about your righteous cause… might help to vet that person first, make sure they live up to those expectations. Since not many can, or do.

    Prof Mann may have stumbled into that role for the CAGW movement, but my impression is that pretty quickly he came to like it. Now, he seems to really like it. Good career move, too. Has his version of science helped the cause as much as the cause has helped him? I doubt it.

    Prof Wegman didn’t seem to realize what he was getting into. Was he duly diligent in preparing and writing the Wegman Report? Er, not so much. Corners cut in the experimental phase (Fig. 4.4), and way too lax supervision of his minions’ writing. At best.

    I won’t be rushing to invest my quatloos with either one.

  94. ThinkingScientist says:

    From McIntyre and McKitrick 2005 in Geophysical Research Letters on the topic of their Monte Carlo random red noise simulation test of the Mann algorithm (my emphasis in bold)

    2. Monte Carlo Simulations of Hockey Sticks on Trendless Persistent Series
    [6] We generated the red noise network for Monte Carlo
    simulations as follows. We downloaded and collated the
    NOAMER tree ring site chronologies used by MBH98 from
    M. Mann’s FTP site and selected the 70 sites used in the
    AD1400 step. We calculated autocorrelation functions for
    all 70 series for the 1400–1980 period. For each simulation,
    we applied the algorithm hosking.sim from the waveslim
    package version 1.3 downloaded from http://www.cran.r-project.
    org/doc/packages/waveslim.pdf [Gencay et al., 2001],
    which applied a method due to Hosking [1984] to simulate
    trendless red noise based on the complete auto-correlation
    function. All simulations and other calculations were done
    in R version 1.9 downloaded from http://www.R-project.org
    [R Development Core Team, 2003]. Computer scripts used
    to generate simulations, figures and statistics, together with
    a sample of 100 simulated ‘‘hockey sticks’’ and other
    supplementary information, are provided in the auxiliary
    material1. We carried out 10,000 simulations, in each case
    obtaining 70 stationary series of length 581 (corresponding
    to the 1400–1980 period). By the very nature of the
    simulation, there were no 20th century trends, other than
    spurious ‘‘trends’’ from persistence.
    We applied the MBH98
    data transformation to each series in the network: the 1902–
    1980 mean was subtracted, then the series was divided bythe 1902–1980 standard deviation, then by the 1902–1980
    detrended standard deviation. We carried out a singular
    value decomposition on the 70 transformed series (following
    MBH98) and saved the PC1 from each calculation.
    [7] The simulations nearly always yielded PC1s with a
    hockey stick shape, some of which bore a quite remarkable
    similarity to the actual MBH98 temperature reconstruction –
    as shown by the example in Figure 1.
    A sharp inflection
    was regularly observed at the start of the 1902–1980
    ‘‘calibration period’’. Figure 2 shows histograms of the
    hockey stick index of the simulated PC1s. Without the
    MBH98 transformation (top panel), a 1 s hockey stick
    occurs in the PC1 only 15.3% of the time (1.5 s – 0.1%).
    Using the MBH98 transformation (bottom panel), a 1 s
    hockey stick occurs over 99% of the time, (1.5 s – 73%;
    1.75 s – 21% and 2s – 0.2%).

    In other words, without using the method from MBH98 a hockey stick is found only 15.3% of the time from trendless noise ie this is the chance of spurious correlation. When the algorithm of MBH98 is a hockey stick is found over 99% of the time from trendless noise.

    The actual random sequence is relevent to this argument, the finding is that MBH98 finds hockey sticks over 99% of the time from trendless random noise.

  95. ThinkingScientist says:

    My last line in the comment should read:

    The actual random sequence is irrelevent to this argument, the finding is that MBH98 finds hockey sticks over 99% of the time from trendless random noise.

  96. Shevva says:

    I’d like to know who this blokes boss is because if he was on my team I’d have him sorted out in 5 minutes or looking for a job better suited for his skills, probably politician the amount he’s gotten away with.

    And as I’ve seen commented else where, I’m sure the Californian Government will buy a few hundred thousand and give them out free to school kids.

  97. Beth Cooper says:

    It seems that Michael mann is very adept at edits.

  98. amac78 says:

    ThinkingScientist (March 7, 2012 at 11:37 pm) –

    ISTM that the single most important point in Nick Stokes’ linked post (see my March 7, 2012 at 7:12 pm comment upthread) has to do with a “hockey stick selection process” that MM05 (GRL) used for some of their emulations. The Wegrman report seems to have also used it to produce their striking Fig. 4.4 (or, if you believe their critics, Wegman et all simply ran the exact same data though the exact same R code to come up with the exact same finding).

    Whichever it may be, both consensus supporter Nick Stokes and consensus skeptic OneUniverse agree on the significance of this HS selection process to produce the most visually striking results. They also agree that the MBH98 (Nature) procedures will generate hockey sticks from trendless red-noise pseudoproxies without selection. They just aren’t as visually compelling — for me, I have to stare at the no-selection figure for a while before intuiting, “something must be askew here: a common trend from random data?!” (For the with-selection WR Fig. 4.4, it’s obvious and immediate.)

    I don’t see any mention of a “top 100 out of 10,000″ selection process in the MM05 (GRL) text that you quote.

    I’m not familiar with this literature (I have a very narrow range of stuff that I understand deeply). Can you offer your view of this selection issue? Are Nick, OneUniverse, et al analyzing and discussing something important? Or is this a sideshow?

  99. Elmer says:

    Does Mann mention me?

  100. babaji333 says:

    Nick Stokes says:
    March 7, 2012 at 9:37 pm
    amac78 says: March 7, 2012 at 8:53 pm
    “Agree or disagree?”
    Agree. My summary statement there was:
    “The last two plots [without selection] are a fairer indication of the HS tendency than is seen in Fig 4.4 of the Wegman report. It isn’t nothing, but it isn’t as neat as portrayed there.”——————————————————————————————————————————————–
    Please notice how pedantic Nick uses non scientific words (“It isn’t nothing, but it isn’t as neat as portrayed there”) to cast any doubt he can on the veracity of the criticism of the “Hockey stick”

    Nick knows perfectly well that McIntyre and McKitrick PROVED that Mann’s method data mined for hockey sticks, weighting any anomalus proxie data points far beyond (put a number on it Nick) statistical value of other proxie data. He also knows there were far more problems with the “Hockey stick” It was not just Weegman ( an emminent statician) that confirmed McIntyre and McKitrick, the National Academy of Scienece up held McIntyre and McKitrick, although they place in a politialy correct and infamous qualification. Dr. Gerry North, who was head of an NAS panel reviewing climate reconstructions testified under oath that he agreed with the conclusion of the Wegman report

    Many other serious scientist also agreed with the destruction of Mann’s work. McShane and Wyner in The Annals of Applied Statistics (Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 5-44). found that random noise was as effective as the proxies processed by the Mann algorithm in predicting temperatures. As they put it “RANDOM series that are independent of global temperature are as effective or more effective than the proxies at predicting global annual temperatures in the instrumental period. Again, the proxies are not statistically significant when compared to sophisticated null models”.

    Dr. Jonathan Jones, Professor of Physics, Brasenose College, Oxford University made on the Bishop Hill blog ( http://bishophill.squarespace.com/blog/2011/12/2/tim-barnett-on-the-hockey-stick.html ) at December 3, 2011 at 6:11 PM. Professor Jones makes an unequivocal condemnation of the “Hockey Stick” and much of climatology.

    Nick, which of the folowing has Mann not done?
    From the National Association of Scholars website:

    “How to detect an obvious fraud:

    If a researcher will not show their raw data.
    If a researcher will not show the “adjustments” they have made to their raw data.
    If the researchers historical “adjusted data” conflict rather dramatically with other generally accepted data sets without any rational explanation.
    If a researcher will not show the internals of the model that processes their adjusted data to produce their results.
    If a researcher attempts to destroy anybody who disagrees with them, instead of attempting to refute their position.
    If a researcher attempts to destroy their raw data/adjustments/models rather than have them released.
    If a researcher attempts to destroy their communications with other researchers rather than have them released.”

  101. babaji333 says:

    A reposting of Craig Loehle comment here appears on topic.
    Craig Loehle says:
    February 23, 2011 at 7:28 am
    There are multiple issues, not just a choice of how to present a graph:
    1.Subjective choice of trees/sites for sampling
    2.Post-hoc dropping of “non-responders”
    3.Linear response to temp assumption (which is actually known to be false.) which makes the inverse problem undefined.
    4.Ignoring six sigma outliers like Yamal larch which heavily affect the result
    5.Hiding adverse verification statistics (R-sq of 0.05 means you have nada)
    6.Unjustified weighting (bristlecones 400x others)
    7.Proxies different orientations (+ vs – temp indicator) in different time periods of the recon.
    8.Choosing graph baseline to emphasize post-1980 “warm”
    9.End point padding—even worse with instrumental data
    10.Hiding the decline as discussed above
    11.Thick red line for instrumental data to make it look “hot” and to hide lines underneath that are going down.
    12.Repeated use of “robust”, “similar”, “reliable” with no quantification

  102. Chris B says:

    Uploaded Feb 15. Straight from the horse’s mouth.

  103. Chris B says:

    James Sexton says:
    March 7, 2012 at 4:06 pm
    How timely again……. I had posted on Mann earlier today.

    @Brandon Shollenberger…… I hope your technical update will include something towards what I’ll comment. The world owes Mac and Mac a great debt. I hold them both in very high regard. But, like all things, when something is gained, something is lost.

    I think the statistical and technical analysis, done in such a depth, that it lent a air of legitimacy to the approach of Mann and the subsequent dendro papers where none should exist.

    _______________________

    James,

    You’re being very kind.

    Having a Bachelor of Science degree in Forestry I can say unequivocally that devining temperature from tree rings is pure fantasy and fabrication. How this got past so many “scientists” is the truly fascinating story.

    As far as I can tell the rest of the “proxies” are no better.

    I understand that Mr. Mann is a statistician.

    Isn’t there a book titled: “Lies, big lies, and statistics.”

  104. David A says:

    Nick Stokes says:

    March 7, 2012 at 9:37 pm
    amac78 says: March 7, 2012 at 8:53 pm
    “You were also in agreement that the tendency to generate some HS out of noise still remained in MBH’s procedure, and that the de-centered procedure that they used was a major culprit.Agree or disagree?”
    ====================================================
    Agree. My summary statement there was:
    “The last two plots [without selection] are a fairer indication of the HS tendency than is seen in Fig 4.4 of the Wegman report. It isn’t nothing, but it isn’t as neat as portrayed there.”
    ================================================================

    Nicks entire argument here is, in my view, pedantic. The degree to whcih the Mannian method data mined for hockey sticks, or overweighed any anomalous six sigma outliers like Yamal larch, was not minor as he attempts to portray. Such outliners recievied hundreds of times the affect that they should have. (Feel free to put a number on it Nick)

    Weegman’s vindication of was supported by the NAS, and many other organizations and top scientist. such as… McShane and Wyner in The Annals of Applied Statistics (Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 5-44). They found that random noise was as effective as the proxies processed by the Mann algorithm in predicting temperatures. As they put it “random series that are independent of global temperature are as effective or more effective than the proxies at predicting global annual temperatures in the instrumental period. Again, the proxies are not statistically significant when compared to sophisticated null models”.
    Dr. Gerry North, who was head of an NAS panel reviewing climate reconstructions testified under oath that he agreed with the conclusion of the Wegman report). What was the Wegman conclusion? It was that Mann conclusions were not statistically valid.

    None of this is even taking into account Mann leaving out 40 years worth of data when he purports to show that his proxies correlate to temperatures in the thermometer era.

    HE double hockey stick, his own team members do not even support him!!!
    Bradley:
    I’m sure you agree–the Mann/Jones GRL paper was truly pathetic and should never have been published. I don’t want to be associated with that 2000 year “reconstruction”.
    Cook:
    I am afraid that Mike is defending something that increasingly cannot be defended. He is investing too much personal stuff in this and not letting the science move ahead.

  105. ThinkingScientist says:

    amac78:

    As the quote from MM05 clearly shows, there is no “selection” taking place as Nick Stokes implies. And even if there were, it still wouldn’t matter because that does not change the key finding in MM05 on this point:

    Without the MBH98 transformation (top panel), a 1 s hockey stick occurs in the PC1 only 15.3% of the time (1.5 s – 0.1%). Using the MBH98 transformation (bottom panel), a 1 s hockey stick occurs over 99% of the time, (1.5 s – 73%; 1.75 s – 21% and 2s – 0.2%).

    MM05 created some random sequences with similar statistical properties to the real data but without trends (technically these are called stationary time series). They then tried two different methods of analysis on these trendless random sequences. The first method was a conventional one, and the second method was created by Mann.

    If you apply the conventional approach to this analysis you get a hockey stick about 15% of the time – this is the chance of spuriously finding a hockey stick even though there isn’t one.

    But if on the same input sets created by random simulation as were tested in the conventional method you use the method advocated by Mann you get a hockey stick greater than 99% of the time even though there isn’t one in the trendless random sequences.

    Mann’s method fails: it finds hockey sticks greater than 99% of the time even when you feed his method with data that has no trends/hockey sticks at all. Frankly I cannot understand how anyone can believe that Mann’s hockey stick is nothing more than an artefact of his invented method. Unfortunately it is like the Norwegian Blue in Monty Python’s Dead Parrot Sketch….dead but stil nailed to its perch.

  106. Hal says:

    Has anybody logged the frequency of criticisms of the Wegman Report in the Climate Science community that occured prior to Climategate 1.0 and then after Climategate 1.0?

  107. David A says:

    Edawrd Cook, a team scientist, knowing that the climate reconstructions were garbage sent this e-mail revealing the pathetic state of all the proxy reconstructions, with a proposal for a new one to fix the mess…

    …”Bradley’s follow-up talk on how everybody but him has fucked up in reconstructing past NH temperatures over the past 1000 years (this is a bit of an overstatement on my part I must admit, but his air of papal infallibility is really quite nauseating at times), I have come up with an idea that I want you to be involved in. Consider the tentative title:
    “Northern Hemisphere Temperatures Over The Past Millennium: Where Are The Greatest
    Uncertainties?”……I am afraid the Mike and Phil are too personally invested in things now
    (i.e. the 2003 GRL paper that is probably the worst paper Phil has ever been involved in
    - Bradley hates it as well), but I am willing to offer to include them if they can
    contribute without just defending their past work….”

    And what did he think would be gained if they did their best combined work?….”.the results of this study will show that we can probably say a fair bit
    about 100 year variability
    was like with any certainty (i.e. we know with certainty that we know f***-all).” and ….”So all I care about is how the recons differ and
    where they differ most in frequency and time without any direct consideration of their
    TRUE association with observed temperatures.
    I think this is exactly the kind of study that needs to be done before the next IPCC
    assessment. But to give it credibility, it has to have a reasonably broad spectrum of
    authors to avoid looking like a biased attack paper”

    DAMM!!; so even knowing this would say little to nothing about TRUE (his caps, not mine) association with observed temperatures, and knowing past studies were terrible, he still wanted to support the “team” for the IPCC.

    Nick, you are a loyal member of the “team”

  108. PaulH says:

    I can’t wait for Mann’s rebuttal. I’ve got the popcorn ready! :-)

  109. David A says:

    I am sorry one part of my post David A says: March 8, 2012 at 7:13 am, for some reason blanked out a section. Moderators feel free to paste this in properly if you have time or consider it worth it for clairity..

    “the results of this study will show that we can probably say a fair bit
    about 100 year variability
    was like with any certainty (i.e. we know with certainty that we know f***-all).”

  110. David A says:

    I think I had to remove the greater then and less then symbols.

    the results of this study will show that we can probably say a fair bit
    about greater then100 year extra-tropical NH temperature variability (at least AS FAR AS WE BELIEVE the proxy estimates), but honestly know fuck-all about what the less then 100 year variability was like with any certainty (i.e. we know with certainty that we know fuck-all).

  111. Just in case I’m not getting something here, but is Nick Stoke’s pedantry over the carpet’s patterns while pretending to ignore the honking-big elephant in the parlour the best they’ve got? Even Wm Connolley seems to have enough sense to stay out of the “Mann-slaughter” here.

    Mann-slaughter….hmmmm, I like it. Unless someone else came up with this (highly probable), I stake my claim to it!

  112. Blade says:

    To Brandon Shollenberger.

    Two thumbs up. I like your style. Very readable essay which was no doubt a challenge considering the technical aspects of the subject matter.

    Sometimes the articles about Mann and Team CO2 can get swamped by all the necessary minutia which makes them ill-suited to be linked-to and distributed the masses of ‘normal’ folks that do not pay as close attention as perhaps we do. However, I would say that your article bucks this trend and should be linked far and wide.

    Great Job.

  113. cope says:

    Nick,

    No, it is you and Michael Mann who are over over the top.

    You say that: “Disputing a fact, even in Congressional testimony, does not carry that implication” (of perjury). In this case, it does. Mann’s exact wording included the following: “… something Wegman had denied in his testimony under oath in Congress…”

    Now what implication do you think Mann was aiming for by including the words “under oath”? He is clearly accusing Wegman of lying to Congress. Brandon Shollenberger is correct, and you are wrong, that perjury is implied. Mann’s (and your) rhetoric is really quite reckless.

  114. James Sexton says:

    Chris B says:
    March 8, 2012 at 6:02 am

    James Sexton says:
    March 7, 2012 at 4:06 pm
    How timely again……. I had posted on Mann earlier today.

    ………….
    I think the statistical and technical analysis, done in such a depth, that it lent a air of legitimacy to the approach of Mann and the subsequent dendro papers where none should exist.

    _______________________

    James,

    You’re being very kind.

    Having a Bachelor of Science degree in Forestry ………..
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Thanks Chris….. I’ve given reasoned arguments…. I’ve screamed….. I’ve expressed this as many ways as possible. ……. it just can’t be that we’re arguing over statistical approaches to a “fantasy and fabrication”. It can’t be that we worry about whether or not the faux proxies were compromised or not. None of that crap matters, because it is a fallacious (and should be felonious) premise to begin with.

  115. Brandon Shollenberger says:

    Blade:

    To Brandon Shollenberger.

    Two thumbs up. I like your style. Very readable essay which was no doubt a challenge considering the technical aspects of the subject matter.

    Sometimes the articles about Mann and Team CO2 can get swamped by all the necessary minutia which makes them ill-suited to be linked-to and distributed the masses of ‘normal’ folks that do not pay as close attention as perhaps we do. However, I would say that your article bucks this trend and should be linked far and wide.

    Great Job.

    Thanks! It really is hard to avoid all the minutiae you mention. If you don’t cover it, you wind up allowing mistakes and misrepresentations to go unanswered. I’ve just finished a rough draft of my follow-up, and even after it, there are still so many things I’m not responding to. There’s a constant struggle between covering everything and making things accessible. Given that, I can’t fault anyone for getting “swamped” by minutiae.

  116. ThinkingScientist says:

    David A says:

    “Such outliners recievied hundreds of times the affect that they should have. (Feel free to put a number on it Nick)”.

    Nick won’t put a number on it but McIntyre & McKitrick did – hockey stick shaped series got 390 times the weight of non-hocky shape series in the Mannian method.

    Bullshit from start to finish and a travesty of science. The papers on the hockey stick, as well as Wahl & Amman, Steig 09 etc etc should all be expunged from the scientific record. They are all spurious analyses without merit.

  117. TedK says:

    I love it when the egocentric publish their recollections with myriad levels of misdirection and confusion. I wonder if those egotistically challenged ever acturally hear the term “Hoisted by their hubris”.

    Not that there is really much new here, I hope Tim Ball and his legal team put Mann’s book to good use.

    No wonder your review has brought the trollish AGW pawns out squawking and quacking with waddling desperation.

    Good read Brandon! I look forward to your subsequent review pieces.

  118. David A. Evans says:

    gbaikie says:
    March 7, 2012 at 3:16 pm

    Perhaps Mann is clinically insane.

    Fixed it for you. ;-)

    DaveE.

  119. Thanks Brandon, I have linked to this review from my climate pages.

  120. Brian H says:

    Roger Knights says:
    March 7, 2012 at 3:05 pm

    He ducks like a quack.

    +1 !!
    If it’s original, then +102 !!

  121. Brian H says:

    Wups, the icon superscripting tags didn’t work.
    If it’s original, then +10^2 !!

  122. Brian H says:

    David A says:

    “Such outliners outliers recievied received hundreds of times the affect effect that they should have.”
    “I think I had to remove the greater then than and less then than symbols.”
    ” Moderators feel free to paste this in properly if you have time or consider it worth it for clairity. clarity.
    the results of this study will show that we can probably say a fair bit
    about 100 year variability was like with any certainty.”
    Incoherent. Delete and start over.

    Your intentions and thinking are good, but the output … not so much.

  123. Brian H says:

    ThinkingScientist says:
    March 8, 2012 at 2:07 pm

    David A says:

    “Such outliners recievied hundreds of times the affect that they should have. (Feel free to put a number on it Nick)”.

    Nick won’t put a number on it but McIntyre & McKitrick did – hockey stick shaped series got 390 times the weight of non-hocky shape series in the Mannian method.

    Amazing what you can prove when you get to individually weight your data points! The sky ceases to be the limit. ;D

  124. Brian H says:

    Peter Kovachev says:
    March 8, 2012 at 7:43 am

    Mann-slaughter….hmmmm, I like it. Unless someone else came up with this (highly probable), I stake my claim to it!

    Not tea bags!
    For my part:
    I think his Hokey Team science is bad enough, but it’s his Mann-erisms I can’t abide!
    \8-}

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