ESO telescope observes exoplanet where it rains iron

Researchers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) have observed an extreme planet where they suspect it rains iron. The ultra-hot giant exoplanet has a day side where temperatures climb above 2400 degrees Celsius, high enough to vaporise metals. Strong winds carry iron vapour to the cooler night side where it condenses into iron droplets. “One…

How deep-ocean vents fuel massive phytoplankton blooms

More “settled science” of the carbon cycle~ctm Stanford study shows how hydrothermal vents fuel massive phytoplankton blooms — and possible hotspots for carbon storage Stanford’s School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences Researchers at Stanford University say they have found an aquatic highway that lets nutrients from Earth’s belly sweep up to surface waters off…