Climate Change to Destroy National Parks… Film at Eleven.

Guest ridicule by David Middleton

Note: The featured image is of thankfully former President Obama babbling about climate change at Yosemite National Park in 2016.  While not part of the article being addressed in this post… It’s sort of a prequel to it.

From “The Stupid, It Burns” files…

Energy and Environment

Climate change is destroying our national parks at an alarming rate, study finds

By Alex Horton

September 25

By 2100, visitors walking the grounds of California’s Joshua Tree National Park may view exhibits showing what will have been lost — the spiky yucca palms that inspired the park’s name, dwindled to a few rare husks.

Climate change could kill most of the park’s iconic trees, wildfires may transform the towering conifer forests at Yellowstone National Park into scarred grasslands, and once-mighty ice sheets in the north will probably melt and flow into the sea, making Glacier National Park both an obsolete name and a hard lesson about environmental degradation.

A new study published Monday has warned that climate change has adversely and uniquely affected many of the 417 national parks spread across the United States and its territories, according to scientists from the University of California at Berkeley and University of Wisconsin.

[…]

Researchers looked at data between 1895 and 2010 and concluded temperatures in national parks increased twice as much compared with other parts of the country, while precipitation fell dramatically at those parks.

That is because parks are often in places sensitive to shifts in climate. Many parks are at high elevation, where the Earth warms quickly due to a thinner atmosphere, researchers said. Alaska is severely affected because melting snow uncovers darker surfaces that absorb heat.

[…]

Washington Post

 

Dude! Climate change created most of our national parks.

Where to begin?

Climate change will apparently turn Joshua Tree National Park into a desert!

Dude!  It is a fracking desert…

Dude! It’s actually two deserts!

Where Two Deserts Meet

Two distinct desert ecosystems, the Mojave and the Colorado, come together in Joshua Tree National Park. A fascinating variety of plants and animals make their homes in a land sculpted by strong winds and occasional torrents of rain. Dark night skies, a rich cultural history, and surreal geologic features add to the wonder of this vast wilderness in southern California. Come explore for yourself.

[…]

NPS

Wildfires may transform the towering conifer forests at Yellowstone National Park into scarred grasslands…

Dude!  Yellowstone got over this, several times…

How many giant eruptions have occurred in the Yellowstone National Park region and how large were they?

Volcanic activity began in the Yellowstone National Park region a little before about 2 million years ago. Molten rock ( magma) rising from deep within the Earth produced three cataclysmic eruptions more powerful than any in the world’s recorded history. The first caldera-forming eruption occurred about 2.1 million years ago. The eruptive blast removed so much magma from its subsurface storage reservoir that the ground above it collapsed into the magma chamber and left a gigantic depression in the ground- a hole larger than the state of Rhode Island. The huge crater, known as a caldera, measured as much as 80 kilometers long, 65 kilometers wide, and hundreds of meters deep, extending from outside of Yellowstone National Park into the central area of the Park (see map in question above for location information).

Later, activity shifted to a smaller region within the Island Park area of eastern Idaho, just southwest of Yellowstone National Park, and produced another large caldera-forming eruption 1.3 million years ago. Subsequent activity has been focused within the area of the National Park, and another huge eruption 640,000 years ago formed the Yellowstone caldera as we now see it.

The three caldera-forming eruptions, respectively, were about 6,000, 700, and 2,500 times larger than the May 18, 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens in Washington State. Together, the three catastrophic eruptions expelled enough ash and lava to fill the Grand Canyon.

In addition to the three climactic eruptions, activity associated with each of the three caldera cycles produced dozens or even hundreds of smaller eruptions that produced both lava and pyroclastic materials.

USGS

 

And once-mighty ice sheets in the north will probably melt and flow into the sea, making Glacier National Park both an obsolete name and a hard lesson about environmental degradation.

Dude!  They’re not ice sheets!

What is an ice sheet?

An ice sheet is a mass of glacial land ice extending more than 50,000 square kilometers (20,000 square miles). The two ice sheets on Earth today cover most of Greenland and Antarctica. During the last ice age, ice sheets also covered much of North America and Scandinavia.

NSIDC

Dude! The once-mighty ice sheets in the north DID melt and DID flow into the sea… many times!

Dude! This is what once-mighty ice sheets in the north melting looks like…

Dude! This is what once-mighty ice sheets in the north flowing into the sea looks like…

Dude! The alpine/valley glaciers of Glacier National Park aren’t the last stand of the “once-mighty ice sheets in the north.”  They most likely formed about 7,000 years ago (~5,000 BC) and generally advanced until the mid-1800’s, a period known as Neoglaciation.

Dude!

 

History of Glaciers in Glacier National Park

The history of glaciation within current Glacier National Park boundaries spans centuries of glacial growth and recession, carving the features we see today. Glaciers were present within current Glacier National Park boundaries as early as 7,000 years ago but may have survived an early Holocene warm period (Carrara, 1989), making them much older. These modest glaciers varied in size, tracking climatic changes, but did not grow to their Holocene maximum size until the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA) around A.D. 1850. While they may not have formed in their entirety during the LIA, their maximum perimeters can be documented through mapping of lateral and terminal moraines. (Key, 2002) The extent and mass of these glaciers, as well as glaciers around the globe, has clearly decreased during the 20th century in response to warmer temperatures.

Climate reconstructions representative of the Glacier National Park region extend back multiple centuries and show numerous long-duration drought and wet periods that influenced the mass balance of glaciers (Pederson et al. 2004). Of particular note was an 80-year period (~1770-1840) of cool, wet summers and above-average winter snowfall that led to a rapid growth of glaciers just prior to the end of the LIA. Thus, in the context of the entire Holocene, the size of glaciers at the end of the LIA was an anomaly of sorts. In fact, the large extent of ice coverage removed most of the evidence of earlier glacier positions by overriding terminal and lateral moraines.

Tree-ring based climate records and historic photographs indicate the initiation of frontal recession and ice mass thinning between A.D. 1860 and 1880. The alignment of decadal-scale climate anomalies over the early 20th century produced a period of glacial recession somewhat analogous to conditions experienced over the past few decades. The coupling of hot, dry summers with substantial decreases in winter snowpack (~30% of normal) produced dramatic recession rates as high as 100 m/yr from A.D. 1917-1941 (Pederson et al. 2004). These multidecadal episodes have substantially impacted the mass balance of glaciers since A.D. 1900.

USGS

Dude! Would you prefer that they continued to expand?  The brief increase in glacial mass balance in the mid-20th Century was one of the stars of That 70’s Climate Science Show

As if this wasn’t enough, the “journalist” just had to make the stupid burn even brighter…

Researchers looked at data between 1895 and 2010 and concluded temperatures in national parks increased twice as much compared with other parts of the country, while precipitation fell dramatically at those parks.

That is because parks are often in places sensitive to shifts in climate. Many parks are at high elevation, where the Earth warms quickly due to a thinner atmosphere, researchers said. Alaska is severely affected because melting snow uncovers darker surfaces that absorb heat.

Dude!  National parks are experiencing twice as much climate change because they are located in places sensitive to climate change???

Made me think of this classic from Bad Teacher…

Atticus Finch is a good lawyer because he’s a good person whose a lawyer.

Dude!. At least you’re not as stupid as this clown:

Dude! Do you even have the slightest clue that glacial valleys, like the one you were lecturing us from, are the result of drastic climate change?

The Scientific Basis

The “study”: Disproportionate magnitude of climate change in United States national parks

The lead author:

Patrick Gonzalez
Associate Adjunct Professor, UC Berkeley

[…]

Education
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), Energy and Resources, University of California, Berkeley, 1997 (Dissertation Chair John P. Holdren)

Master of Science (M.S.), Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, 1987

Bachelor of Science (B.S.), Natural Resources, Cornell University, 1986

UC Berkeley

UC Berkeley’s Energy and Resources Group is a prototypical enviro-psychobabble department set up to teach non-science majors how to sound all sciencey while spouting nonsense about energy and resources…

THE ENERGY AND RESOURCES GROUP
ERG is a col­lab­o­ra­tive com­mu­nity of grad­u­ate stu­dents, core fac­ulty, over 150 affil­i­ated fac­ulty and researchers across the cam­pus, and over 500 alumni across the globe. We award MA, MS, and PhD degrees to stu­dents work­ing across dis­ci­plines and depart­ments to cre­ate poten­tially trans­for­ma­tive knowl­edge for the planet and its peo­ple. ERG is a world-renowned pro­gram with a 40-year his­tory of out­stand­ing research, edu­ca­tion and outreach to gov­ern­ment, indus­try, and civil soci­ety at the state, national and inter­na­tional levels.

 

ERG MISSION
The mission of the Energy and Resources Group is a sustainable environment and a just society.

ERG actively promotes intellectual, racial, ethnic, and gender inclusion; researches the impacts of equality and inequality; and celebrates diversity in our community.

UC Berkeley

The ERG was founded by, none other than, John P. Holdren.

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90 thoughts on “Climate Change to Destroy National Parks… Film at Eleven.

  1. If I recall correctly, climate change CREATED Yosemite, perhaps the most beautiful natural park in the world. I’m fine with more climate change working it’s magic on the earth.

    • That’s what the dude above said. I’d point out that wildfires ‘scarring’ are a natural thing, so complaining they’re caused by the CAGW is kinda weird.

  2. David, entertaining post, but you know fighting the stupid in media, politics & popular culture won’t work. That stupidity will always be there until there is a drastic overhaul of our educational system.

    • The unique thing about OlBlame-0 is how he can be almost universally wrong about everything he says. e.g. OlBlame-0 thought he had a sure slam against candidate Trump when he capriciously remarked ” ..at least I was President.” or some such. Oh how the worm turns.

  3. Would you stop attacking their “most important feelings” with those, what do you call them, “facts”?

  4. Go, David, Go! It appears you are having a fracking good time at the expense of idiots. 80 meters of sea level change is normal? Volcanos at Yellowstone? Ex-President uninformed and proud of it? You’re right, you’re operating in a target rich environment.

  5. “Many parks are at high elevation, where the Earth warms quickly due to a thinner atmosphere, researchers said.”

    A thinner atmosphere traps more heat?

      • You’ll still need sunscreen, but you can leave the tee shirt, shorts or bikinis at base camp.

    • I suspect that the author useful idiot heard “high latitudes” and thought he heard “high altitudes” – otherwise why immediately follow on with a line about Alaska?

      BTW David, the bit about volcanic activity at Yellowstone was a bit gratuitous. The article didn’t mention volcanism (as far as I could see) and didn’t blame volcanoes on climate change. Small mercies.

      • I was just assuming that Ultra-Plinian eruptions of supervolcanoes are a bit rougher on ecosystems than stand-replacing fires… /sarc

  6. A cactus would have been a better pick for the photo in place of the offensive picture of a notorious over reach czar.

    • And now he’s founder of a shiny new, enormous money-laundering syndicate-operation for the socialists/marxists — The Obummer Foundation, to add to the Clinton Foundation.

    • The photographer missed a real opportunity. By moving to the right a bit, he could have shown the waterfall descending on Obama’s head!

  7. David – you are so right about these new kinds of department where they use the word “science” as a buzzword. One school I work at changed the major “environmental science” to “environmental studies.” Another school changed the department name from “Geology and Meteorology” to School of Sustainability and Environmental Science.” You no longer major in “geology,” you major in “earth science.” Most of the teachers do not have degrees in geology. Instead their degrees are mainly in geography and environmental science. The theme this year on campus for kinda like geology departments is “Be the Cause” – stop one use plastic items. Our state (NJ) is going to ban plastic bags at stores, straws, and Styrofoam. They will let us buy paper bags for 10 cents a bag at markets and half that money will go to the stores and half to the state to build plastic recycling plants. I have been stocking up on plastic straws so I can give them as Christmas presents.

    • My BS is in Earth Science. Waaayy back in the Pleistocene (1970’s), Southern Connecticut was ahead of the curve. The Earth Science Department offered concentrations in geology, meteorology, astronomy, marine science and environmental science. And they still do…

      Welcome to the Department of Earth Science at Southern Connecticut State University. Our program has a more than 50-year tradition of producing first-rate geoscientists with expertise in geology, meteorology, oceanography, astronomy, and environmental earth science. Today, our alumni can be found working at all levels of private sector industry, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and academia. Our programs are student centered and grounded in hands-on field and laboratory based learning. Our faculty and staff are highly engaged in teaching and research with undergraduate students. We are housed in Southern’s New Academic Science and Laboratory Building, which provides a magnificent environment that is conducive to both effective teaching and cutting-edge research. Many elements of the new building, including specialized laboratories, an indoor rock wall, and an outdoor rock garden have been purpose built for earth science instruction. If you are interested in a meaningful career that has a positive impact on the planet and the people around you, I hope that you will consider becoming part of the SCSU Earth Science tradition.

      https://www.southernct.edu/academics/schools/arts/departments/earthscience/

      I figure that extracting all of that nasty oil and dangerous natural gas out of the Earth’s crust and burning it as quickly as possible is a very “meaningful career that has a positive impact on the planet and the people around” me… 😉

      It’s also cool that all of the emeritus professors were my teachers back then…

      EMERITUS FACULTY
      John Drobnyk, Professor Emeritus (1964-2002)

      William Tolley, Associate Professor Emeritus (1966-1997)

      Robert Radulski, Associate Professor Emeritus (1968-1995)

      John Drobnyk actually had oil industry experience and routinely gave us impossible deadlines… Because that’s how the real world works.

      Bill Tolley was THE best field geology professor in the world… particularly because he knew where all of the best pizza & beer joints were. Although, following him around in the “field” (mostly highway road cuts) was like following a mountain goat.

      Bob Radulski was a stickler for detail. If you wrote the date in any other format than 1 October 2018, you got a zero-point-zero.

      • Southern? How about that. I am originally from Hamden, Ct and used to buzz around the girls dorm at Southern looking for …… well……. new friends.

          • hah! MIT was worse with a 7:1 male to female ratio and even worse if you were looking for a woman.

          • Probably not that high back in 1970 and we prowled, or rather visited, only one dorm.
            (Will this statement keep me off the Supreme Court?)

          • Rocketscientist –

            You are so young, and you were lucky. My entering freshman class boasted 50 females out of 1050.

  8. Dude! How much “climate change” did POTUS Obama cause by using thousands and thousands of gallons of fossil fuels to fly to Yosemite to tell us about climate change? The very same place that if it wasn’t for climate change and global warming would be under thousands of feet of ice? And what about that trip to Lake Tahoe to tell us the same thing within a few months?

    These people are so concerned and the situation is so pressing that they spew thousands of tons of CO2 into the atmosphere only to tell you not to!

    When they finally walk the talk, then I’ll be worried.

    And that junket to Lincoln, Nebraska, to reassure the young woman and her family about how he was doing all he could about a natural cycle? More of the same…

  9. We visited Glacier National Park last year and saw the “human-caused climate change” and “fossil fuel emissions” melting the glaciers BS in the Visitor’s Center with before and after pictures. When I mentioned to the Rangers that it was a bunch of baloney because their “before” pictures from 150 years ago were at the peak extents due to the LIA they said there was nothing they could do about it. Higher-ups decided what went into the information given to visitors. I wonder how we reach those folks?

  10. I wonder whether John P Holden knows what an ERG is. He would be hard put if he didn’t have any to hand.

  11. Spent the better part of two days wondering Yellowstone last summer. What a magnificent place. There were already plenty of new trees growing 20+ feet and higher in the places that I saw that had burned in 1988.

    It would seem to me the first place radically increased temperature change in any of our state parks would be most evident is the Grand Canyon since it is possible to experience a 40 deg. F temperature change from the north rim to the bottom and typically the bottom is around 20 deg. F warmer than the rim.

  12. I have been in a lot of these parks. Yosemite was limiting visitors, too many from California. A flood did more damage than the people, but my understanding is that they still limit them. The policy was more toward people as a problem in too many. The west Texas parks should be wet these days.

    http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/aade09/meta

    “Annual precipitation of the national park area declined significantly on 12% of national park area, compared to 3% of the US. ” From the abstract, Open Access.

    If you look at figure 1 on temperature and precipitation there is a lot of overlap, don’t know how they got such significance. The paper is hard to follow, needs a statistician to figure it out. Something smells here, and the National Park area should be skewed toward the west.

    • One suspects that they used the data from a single location inside the park and compared it to the average for the entire United States or something equally meaningless.

      It’s easy to compare things if you don’t pay much attention to what you’re comparing. For example the average weight for an American male is 195.7 pounds, while the average weight for an Asian male is 127.2 pounds.

  13. I wonder what a “just society” is? I suppose it is where there is “equality” through Marxism and no one person has a dollar more than any other person, and liberals rule all the land.

    • I think they mean equality as in Orwell’s “Animal Farm” where the ruling pigs demonstrate Soviet style consideration for the masses – you work and starve, we drink champagne. A bit like the need for our green piggies today needing to attend international climate conferences to save the world while thousands can’t afford to heat their homes in winter because of energy charges.

        • Yes, it was actually hilarious — a rare item nowadays. Belushi stopping, looking down & then smashing the guy’s guitar, then saying ‘sorry’ is priceless.

          • When I was at Fl Inst of Tech we had a guy who looked like the guitar player, played guitar
            and was oh so sensitive that the girls swooned around him.. We hated that guy.

          • We had a guy who dressed like Indiana Jones and acted like a lay-preacher. Since this was several years before Raiders of the Lost Ark, we called him “Billy Jack.”

            One day after a particularly successful food fight in the cafeteria, he lectured us about the perils of throwing food at one another. He literally said, “It doesn’t hit home until a friend loses an eye to a potato.” We took it to heart and wore imitation NY Mets batting helmets during all future food fights.

  14. Joshua trees are a common landscape plant….there are thousands and thousands of them growing in field nurseries all over the country waiting to be sold…and they will grow almost all over the country

    …just buy some new ones

  15. Excessive use of “Dude!“!
    Adds nothing to the discussion, except to cause readers to stop reading.

    Joshua trees are cool plants to visit and walk around. As is the Joshua Tree National Park.
    Joshua trees, (Yucca palms), are altitude dependent.

    Driving out of cities, e.g. Las Vegas, into higher country, one comes across the first sparse Joshua trees at altitudes over 1,000 feet (335-360 meters).
    As one approaches yucca palm’s preferred altitude they become numerous.
    As one climbs higher, over 6,000 feet (1,800 meters) yucca palms become sparse again until there are no joshua trees left to see.

    Yucca palms have experienced far greater changes in climate than these alleged researchers can ever fathom.
    1) Decades and century long droughts, survived!
    2) Flash floods, survived!
    3) Extreme winters (ice age style), survived!

    These researchers should be forced to spend several summers studying the less traveled portions of the following National Parks and recreational areas.
    a) Arches National Park
    b) Capitol Reef National Park
    c) Grand Staircase National Monument
    d) Death Valley National Park
    e) Mojave National Preserve
    and f) Joshua Tree National Park, only they must avoid the well traveled roads!

  16. …once-mighty ice sheets in the north will probably melt and flow into the sea, making Glacier National Park both an obsolete name and a hard lesson about environmental degradation.

    Once again we see this bizarre ‘ice nostalgia’ the warmunists suffer from. Why would glaciers melting be ‘environmental degradation’? Such melting would open up areas for plant growth and possible agriculture. Who wouldn’t consider that an improvement over a valley locked under ice? So let’s rename Glacier National Park to Pine Forrest National Park.

  17. It’s so mean and heartless for climate change to target helpless national parks like that. It’s unfair! 😉

  18. Well yes, something is destroying California already today, but it has nothing to do with my SUV.

  19. Hey, ice sheets, glaciers, icebergs, ice shelves, icecaps, icecubes: tomato/tomahto, let’s call the whole thing off.

  20. We just returned from a vacation at Yellowstone National Park about a month ago. I asked one of the park rangers about forest fires, and he presented me with a pamphlet, showing that forest fires have always been part of the park’s history. Traveling between Yellowstone NP and Grand Teton NP, I noticed there were large areas of dead trees — brown, dead pine needles. This appears to be beetle kill or some other disease — obviously not forest-fire damage. These would be prime fuel, if a forest fire occurred. I also noticed that the pine trees were much more dense alongside the roads, than further back in the forest. A ranger explained that they didn’t plant these trees like that — it’s a result that the trees receive more sunshine from the clear cut of the road. IMO, some of these trees could probably thinned out a little bit (can you say “logging”)?

    • I was there in April, entering the park from the north on the 2nd day the road was open. We made it through, thanks to a timely snowplow.

      Slightly OT, for those interested in the history of the Yellowstone hotspot, below is the link to the National Park Service page with the best text and graphics I have found. The ejecta from the major eruptions can be found over much of the west/central part of the US.

      https://www.nps.gov/yell/learn/nature/volcano.htm

    • I also noticed that the pine trees were much more dense alongside the roads, than further back in the forest

      I’ve seen similar things along old logging roads and trails in northern Canada. I think that the road-building activity mechanically broke open pine seeds that were lying around in the soil and allowed them to germinate and grow into trees. Pine seeds are very resistant and usually require the heat of a fire to allow them to open and germinate. That’s my story anyway.

      Your ranger’s explanation about sunlight might explain why the trees are bigger and bushier along roads, but it wouldn’t necessarily account for there being more trees.

      I now look for double lines of jackpines on air photos when trying to find old logging roads. In Ontario, we’re allowed to rehabilitate existing roads to get access for mineral exploration, but new roads have to go through a long and tedious approval process, so those old roads are a valuable resource for exploration companies.

      That was trivial; this is not. The pine beetle epidemic is one of the very few really bad things that can be blamed on twentieth-century warming. Very cold winters kill the beetles, and winters haven’t been cold enough in many parts of North America lately. And that of course is what warming is about; warmer minimum and unchanged maximum temperatures. All those studies showing that “heat” will do all kinds of bad stuff are scare stories from people who should know better.

      • And most of the warming has occurred in Earth’s coldest air masses, as to be expected from an enhanced greenhouse effect.

        To the extent there is a problem, it’s with insufficiently frigid winters, rather than excessively hot summers.

  21. David this one has your name all over it….

    Humans delayed the onset of the Sahara desert by 500 years

    “The model found that the ‘Green Sahara’ should have collapsed earlier than it did.”

    No, the model overreacted just like the rest of the climate models do………

  22. As a fan of the late TV show, “Creature Feature”, I think the CAGWers are MISSING a scare story. Remember the end of the movie, “The Blob”, where the frozen blob is dropped in the Arctic? They can add warning that “global warming will release the BLOB!”

  23. I think few people understand that the alpine glaciers all over the world are NOT remnants of the Pleistocene ice age. At the end of the Pleistocene the alpine glaciers in places like the Sierra, Glacier N.P, and the Alps melted completely away. The glaciers we see today formed in pre-existing high valleys and cirques that were already there. The Little Ice Age created today’s glaciers and the end of the LIA is causing them to melt.

  24. Except it turns out that the Blob is actually green and not red…who would have thunk it, the world threatened by a giant piece of climate generated snot.

  25. “The unprecedented proliferation of teleprompters and bloviating stuffed shirts is a threat to Summers everywhere.” – UN IPCC

  26. This reminds me of the time that I visited Yosemite Valley roughly 20 years ago shortly after one of the periodic floods that wiped much of the valley. The “Global Warming” narrative was starting to show up in explanations of everything. Many descriptions of what what what the floods caused were termed as “environmental damage”.

    All of a sudden, the very forces that created a natural wonder were now accused of causing “environmental damage”.

  27. I guess Yellowstone must be a grassland by now. That nasty fire in 1988? Must have wiped out the whole area. The fire did melt the paint off the guardrails….But I swear there were trees there after 1988 and tourism is still up…

  28. >>
    Made me think of this classic from Bad Teacher…

    Atticus Finch is a good lawyer because he’s a good person whose a lawyer.
    <<

    The sentence doesn’t make sense to me as written. However, if the “Bad Teacher” meant to say:
    “Atticus Finch is a good lawyer because he’s a good person who is a lawyer,” then the contraction “who’s” would fit better–IMHO.

    Jim

    • Bad Teacher is a hilarious and very raunchy comedy about a bad teacher (Cameron Diaz), who hates her students almost as much as she hates teaching. When she’s grading papers on To Kill a Mockingbird, she comes across one paper that said, “Atticus Finch is a good lawyer because he’s a good person whose a lawyer.” With a red pen, she writes, “WTF?!?! F-” on the paper.

      Funny movie… very raunchy… extremely poor taste… politically incorrect in every way possible… Two thumbs up!

      • Reminds me of Blazing Saddles. One of the funniest movies ever made… very raunchy… extremely poor taste… politically incorrect in every way possible…and has a very strong anti-racist message. Too bad today’s shallow-minded SJWs could never get past the constant use of the N-word. (Or appreciate how making it the regular butt of jokes robs it of its power as a slur.)

      • One of my favorite English composition stories is where the student wrote: “The woman fell down the stairs and lay prostitute at the bottom.” The instructor’s comment was: “My Dear Sir: You must learn the difference between a fallen woman, and one that has just slipped.”

        Jim

  29. “By 2100 . . .”

    I wish someone would do a study on how the goalposts have shifted over time. Seems to me that in the early days of climate fear mongering, the time frame was ten to twenty years. The thinking being that being a Chicken Little was the way to call for immediate action.

    When all of the predictions\projections\permutations\professments\propaganda turned out to be wrong, Chicken Little became the Boy Who Cried Wolf.

    A change of propaganda strategy was needed. These days, the skying is still falling but it isn’t going to fall until 2100, when we all be dead.

  30. The climate change we are experiencing today is caused by the sun and the oceans over which mankind has no control. Climate change has been going on for eons and will continue to go on whether mankind is here or not. Many of the wonders at national parks are a result of climate change. Most of the wild life at the parks made it through the previous interglacial period, the Eemian, which was warmer than this one with more ice cap melting and higher sea levels. They also made it through the last ice age. The warming up from the last ice age included an order of magnitude more warming than has occurred during the present Modern Warm Period and clearly mankind’s use of fossil fuels could not have been the cause.

  31. “Climate change will apparently turn Joshua Tree National Park into a desert!” It already is a desert and for as long as man has been there it always has been a desert. Apparently the plants there survived the last ice age and the previous interglacial period that was warmer than this one.

    • And the glacial periods were drier with persistent C3 plant CO2 starvation.

      I wonder how Joshua trees coped with the last eruption at Long Valley?

  32. What does climate change have to do with Yellowstone and the possibility of an eruption there? That’s a geological process, not climate…but….yeah, they do blame volcanic activity on climate change, don’t they?

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