Just in time for Paris COP21 – EPA Report: For the US, Global Action Now Saves Lives and Avoids Significant Climate Change Damages

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

June 22, 2015

EPA Report: For the US, Global Action Now Saves Lives and Avoids Significant Climate Change Damages

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today released one of the most comprehensive analyses to date on the economic, health and environmental benefits to the United States of global climate action. The peer-reviewed report, “Climate Change in the United States: Benefits of Global Action,” examines how future impacts and damages of climate change across a number of sectors in the United States can be avoided or reduced with global action. The report compares two future scenarios: a future with significant global action on climate change, where global warming has been limited to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), and a future with no action on climate change (where global temperatures rise 9 degrees Fahrenheit).  The report then quantifies the differences in health, infrastructure and ecosystem impacts under the two scenarios, producing estimates of the costs of inaction and the benefits of reducing global GHG emissions.

“Will the United States benefit from climate action? Absolutely. This report shows us how costly inaction will be to Americans’ health, our environment and our society. But more importantly, it helps us understand the magnitude of benefits to a number of sectors in the U.S. with global climate action,” said EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy. “We can save tens of thousands of American lives, and hundreds of billions of dollars, annually in the United States by the end of this century, but the sooner we act, the better off America and future generations of Americans will be.”

The report examines how the impacts and damages of climate change across a number of sectors in the United States can be avoided with global action. The findings include:

• Global action on climate change reduces the frequency of extreme weather events and associated impacts.  For example, by 2100 global action on climate change is projected to avoid an estimated 12,000 deaths annually associated with extreme temperatures in 49 U.S. cities, compared to a future with no reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. This is more than a 90 percent reduction from what we would expect with no action.

• Global action now leads to greater benefits over time. The decisions we make today will have long-term effects, and future generations will either benefit from, or be burdened by, our current actions. Compared to a future with unchecked climate change, climate action is projected to avoid approximately 13,000 deaths in 2050 and 57,000 deaths in 2100 from poor air quality. Delaying action on emissions reductions will likely reduce these and other benefits.

• Global action on climate change avoids costly damages in the United States. For nearly all of the 20 sectors studied, global action on climate change significantly reduces the economic damages of climate change. For example, without climate action, we estimated up to $10 billion in increased road maintenance costs each year by the end of the century.  With action, we can avoid up to $7 billion of these damages.

• Climate change impacts are not equally distributed. Some regions of the United States are more vulnerable than others and will bear greater impacts. For example, without action on climate change, California is projected to face increasing risk of drought, the Rocky Mountain region will see significant increases in wildfires, and the mid-Atlantic and Southeast are projected to experience infrastructure damage from extreme temperatures, heavy rainfall, sea level rise, and storm surge.

• Adaptation can reduce damages and costs. For some sectors, adaptation can substantially reduce the impacts of climate change. For example, in a future without greenhouse gas reductions, estimated damages from sea-level rise and storm surge to coastal property in the lower 48 states are $5.0 trillion dollars through 2100.  With adaptation along the coast, the estimated damages and adaptation costs are reduced to $810 billion.

The report is a product of the Climate Change Impacts and Risks Analysis (CIRA) project, led by EPA in collaboration with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Pacific Northwest National Lab, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and other partners. The CIRA project is one of the first efforts to quantify the benefits of global action on climate change across a large number of U.S. sectors using a common analytic framework and consistent underlying data inputs.  The project spans 20 U.S. sectors related to health, infrastructure, electricity, water resources, agriculture and forestry, and ecosystems.

Explore the report: http://www2.epa.gov/cira

See a short video: https://youtu.be/_Iz0NKA1yuo

Register for a public webinar on report scope and findings:

June 22, 2015 at 3 p.m. EST:

https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/9004763104216727810

June 23, 2015 at 3:30 p.m. EST:

https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/8878335759696914946

 

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88 thoughts on “Just in time for Paris COP21 – EPA Report: For the US, Global Action Now Saves Lives and Avoids Significant Climate Change Damages

    • What is this “global action?” Last I looked, the only thing we Ugly Americans can “do” about AGW was to buy those little squiggly light bulbs that cost 8x what the old ones do. Well, done, 5 years ago. Or are we all supposed to write checks to Al Gore?

      • Not to mention that when those little Squiggly lights rupture the ambient levels of mercury in the room jump to toxic levels of over 40000 to 70000 ppm

  1. Climate Action Now. It’s repeated so often in the release, so why don’t they just capitalize the letters and trademark it as the advocacy group it is?

    • So would the technical group supporting information on the Climate Action Now be “CAN-IT” ?

  2. Crystal ball gazing agian, I see. These are guvment departments producing guvment estimates. In all my 57 years existance I have yet to see one guvment estimate of costs for anything match reality, it’s always cost one hell of a lot more by the time whatever it is sees the light of day!!!!

    • = more benefit, because we know the more government spends the bigger the economy and thus the better off we are! Another brilliant benefit that is often touted is that making the same amount (or less) of electricity using green methods ‘creates more jobs’. Like, lowering productivity is a really great thing. One day, when we are all spending all day collecting firewood, we will be in a green nirvana of jobs jobs jobs. Just like in Africa.

  3. The same old, the same old … I’m baffled how a government agency can publish up such a report.

    • Ben Palmer says:
      I’m baffled how a government agency can publish up such a report.
      Just ask yourself the 2,000 year old question: Cui bono?
      They say:
      …the sooner we act, the better off America and future generations of Americans government bureaucrats will be.”
      ^Fixed it^ for ’em.
      Then they ask a question, and helpfully answer it — just in case you weren’t sure:
      “Will the United States benefit from climate action? Absolutely.”
      If by ‘the United States’ they mean the government and its pet scientists, why, yes, they will benefit. A lot! But notice they didn’t say “the Planet” will benefit.
      The planet won’t notice. Passing a ‘carbon’ tax (which is what this is all about) won’t change the global temperature by 0.000001ºC. The only thing it will change are bank accounts: the government’s will grow, and the taxpayers’ will shrink. A lot. In both cases. ☹

  4. In communication theory, as well as cognitive psych and perception, there’s a well known notion that if you repeat things enough people will quit paying attention. It’s kind of like kids, when you had your first-born every little sniffle garnered your attention. By the time your 3rd kid is 6 years old there can be full scale armageddon taking place in an upstairs bedroom, and you are fully able to tune it out. I believe the warmists are now six years old, waging war on their perceived enemy, while most of the adults in the area are blissfully ignoring the next outbreak of nonsense.
    Hey, even my brother, who lives in Ann Arbor, that haven of traditional western conservative thought, has started to believe that it all doesn’t add up.

  5. Unfortunately so much nonsense.
    First, replacing coal fired power boilers with natural gas will reduce particulate emission, heavy metals and some nitrogen and sulfur oxides, yielding the bulk of the claimed benefits. Note that these really dont have much to do with CO2 reductions which is really incidental.
    Other carbon emission reductions will actually have negative effects on environment, public health and mortality. Making energy expensive will impact economic development of impoverished communities. The leftist politicians will want more targeted subsidies to these parts of the country using inefficient ‘big government’ programs.
    I dont know if the accounting takes the negative effects of energy shortages, higher expense and unreliability, as well as the rerouting of society and the economy’s production away from discovering new cures, building better transportation systems such as airplanes and automobiles (better in the sense of more safe, time and cost efficient, not in spurious carbon emission efficiency).
    The tallying of avoided something is always bureaucratic and political, with many costs and alternatives either hidden or misallocated.

  6. Hold on, this has to be wrong.
    page 4 of this CDC study (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhsr/nhsr076.pdf) says we lost 10k people to hot and cold in 2006-2010 (a 4 yr span). Global Warming is so catastrophic that our mitigations to it will save 12,000 people per year? This is a 90% reduction? We cannot POSSIBLY be predicting 120,000 heat and cold related deaths a year, when we now experience approximately 2.5k per year. That’s a 50x increase. What am I misreading?

    • Report on local news this evening here in Ireland, gave a figure of 150,000 deaths each year as a direct or indirect result of climate change. That’s it, just a figure thrown out there to cause a scare.Nothing substantiated.
      Actually, there’s quite a few funny moments in the two minute sound bite.
      http://www.rte.ie/player/ie/show/10434495/ Go to 31.30 to 33.45
      Eamon.

  7. Oh, come on.
    Let’s not act all that surprised, shall we? Its juvenile and facetious.
    The EPA is the Environmental PROTECTION Agency. You think they’re going to gin up a statement that says, “Go ahead! We’ve determined that acid rain isn’t bad for forests, that tailpipe emissions are good for raising corn and that coal fly-ash is a great construction material! Dig, pump and burn!”
    Nope. Their mandate is to PROTECT the environment, ostensibly (which is highly contestable as to whether they actually do!) So, their blitherings have to be along the lines of, “See … we, as highest environmental authority, HAVE a plan that will mitigate the almost inevitable future-of-projected-higher-temperatures, thus we are very happily doing our jobs, and filling our mandate. Please fund us more, in the future. We’ll in turn do more to create a stream of helpful blitherings, which y’all can read and feel comfort that your tax dollars are going toward something useful. Amen.”
    Right?
    Just saying.
    GoatGuy

  8. But more importantly, it helps us understand the magnitude of benefits to a number of sectors in the U.S. with global climate action,” said EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy.

    Unfortunately, they have forgotten to build in the costs of enforcing the global climate action. It requires enforcing your will over the whole world.
    And after WW3 is over…

    • global climate action
      ================
      The US will benefit from global action. This seems obvious. If the rest of the world will do what the US wants, the US will benefit.
      The bigger question is, why will if rest of the world do what the US wants, and what is the US going to do if the rest of the world doesn’t co-operate?
      To the rest of the world, the US looks like a reformed, holier than thou, 10 pack a day cigarette addict. Now that they have cut down to 8 packs a day, the US expects everyone else to cut back by 2 packs a day as well, or else.

  9. “I love the smell of desperation in the morning….. it reminds me of victory….”
    According to empirical evidence and physics, doubling CO2 will likely only cause about 0.5 C of global warming by 2100, plus or MINUS whatever the sun and other natarual variables decide to do over the next 85 years….
    It’s even possible global temps could be cooler than now by 2100 should a Grand Solar Minimum occur starting from the 2022 solar cycle #25..
    Even IPCC’s 2013 AR5 report admits no statistically significant increasing global trends over the past 50~100 years of frequency or serenity of: hurricanes, cyclones, typhoons, tornadoes, drought, flooding, thunderstorms, tropical storms, sub-tropical storms and hail…
    These pal-reviewed climatology papers are becoming even more embarrassing…

  10. You can see where this is all headed. Eventually the pause will be too long to be dismissed as insignificant. (Or flat out denied). When that happens, the narrative will change to “disaster averted” thanks to carbon taxes…

    • The popular interpretation of correlation or weak evidence has become a de facto amendment to the scientific method.

    • To quite an extent they already have switched. I know in my conversations with people, when I mention that there hasn’t been any warming, they almost always bring up disasters. When I inform them that those also have no trend, they think I am crazy.

  11. Show me one scientific study that proves manmamde CO2 is causing global warming. Show me one computer climate model that has accurately predicted past, present or future climate. there is no proof and there is no validated accurate computer model. All 117 computer models cited in the UN IPCC reprt had different outcomes. All were not correct. Indeed, maybe none were correct.

  12. Read the title – then take your rose coloured glasses off. This is a scripted talking piece that has no basis in reality. Title: Climate Change in the United States: BENEFITS OF GLOBAL ACTION
    Are India, China, Africa, Russia, the Middle East, South America, Asia and the rest of the world going to sign on to get the “BENEFITS OF GLOBAL ACTION”????
    How certain is CIRA of the results? Not very. The list of assumptions is large, including the assumption that GHG’s can be controlled and that a CS of 3 C is a good choice.
    From the paper.
    “Future Climate Change Across Uncertainty Sources
    Investigation of the relative contribution of the four sources of uncertainty described in this section reveals that temperature change is most influenced by decisions regarding whether to reduce GHG emissions and the value of climate sensitivity used (GHG emissions scenario being the dominant contributor). The contributions from different climate models and natural variability for temperature change are small in comparison. It is worth noting that the GHG emissions scenario is the only source of uncertainty that society has control over. Conversely, these same four sources of uncertainty contribute in roughly equal measure to projected changes in precipitation over the U.S., with large spatial differences.43” (yeah – like Texas versus California right now – but this has been going on for hundreds of years already. We have no idea of the peak rains or droughts as we haven’t been keeping records for very long – in geological terms.)
    Who was this written for? Why?
    Tonight’s reading assignment. They did a lot of work but a lot is a rehash of old material.
    It will be interesting to see other comments as I may have a biased view.

      • Exactly. The prudent thing to do, in light of little to no evidence that our CO2 is doing anything, let alone anything remotely dangerous is nothing.

      • Bruce Cobb,
        It’s even less prudent to pretend ample empirical evidence of CO2’s radiative effects, backed by well-established theory, does not exist.

      • A doubling of the CO2 concentration causes ~1C increase ceteris paribus; the IPCC projections assume strong positive feedbacks, which would be a factor in any and every warming cycle whatever the cause, for which there is absolutely no evidence historically nor in present conditions.

      • I’m of the mind that caution in the face of uncertainty is generally the most prudent course of action.
        Best if you don’t get out of bed then. Turn your electricity off and avoid heating your house or find a cave which isn’t likely to flood to be safe. It’s a dangerous and uncertain world out there, let caution be your watchword.

      • Are you blind on purpose, Mr. Gates? Look at how the CO2 has risen and what are the extremely marginal effects you can point to? You are either a blithering idiot or a paid shill. Which is it?

      • If doctor’s worked by your ideas, they would’ve long ago tossed the ‘primum non nocere’ doctrine. Your idiot doctors would feel a fever and want to cut off a limb or two. Everyone would be terrified of falling into the control of a doctor.
        You must be a blithering idiot. Anyone with a lick of sense wouldn’t even be a paid shill for the game you are quoting the stupid lines for.

      • Straw men notwithstanding, Brandon, you are the one here who pretends. And your Belief in faux science and in the “consensus” is based on nothing but ignorance and idiocy.

  13. Being an Ausie, I really hope Australia sends someone to Paris who has no expertise in climate “science”.
    That person would then not be lonely.

  14. For any newcomers to the blog, I’ll repost this poem
    Coming out on climate
    Authority figures, foretelling
    Hot doom (and our “myths” dispelling),
    Cast great dispersions
    On skeptical versions
    (Which keep carbon credits from selling)!
    Now, shriller and louder they’re yelling,
    To drown out the doubters’ rebelling!
    New taxes are “just”
    When you’ve gained public trust,
    So “the questioners” (quickly) they’re quelling.
    I’ve arrived at this realization;
    Our industrial civilization
    Can only be “sin”
    If the green parties win-
    On their platform of demonization!

  15. I looked at the sources of information, datasets and charts, on climate matters on your reference pages and concentrated on the Sea Ice page and the global temperature page .
    What I realised was that the bulk of the information , and presumably the cost of acquiring it, comes from US sources , with some contribution from Denmark ,Canada, UK , Norway . Who, I wondered, for example, paid the bulk of the cost of the 3886 ARGO floats, which are presumably not knocked up in some sweatshop in China from metal scrap and recycled mobile phones? And the satellite systems that are so essential?
    Furthermore all this information , and even details of the internal debates about how to analyse it , are made freely available to the whole world.
    I do not see any info from China. Russia or India , despite these nations having their own space programmes and astronauts , whilst their scientists, mathematicians and programmers are legendary in their abilities.
    I presume that this enormous cost falls on the shoulders of the US taxpayers. The same taxpayers who will be expected to hand over the majority of 100billion USD every year , in addition to maintaining the monitoring equipment , to the same countries that are the principal polluters.
    The forbearance of the taxpayers of the US , and to a smaller extent of those of the UK, Canada and Europe is amazing.

  16. How about a future with no action on climate change (where global temperatures continue, despite CO2 increases, to remain the same – just as they have for almost 20 years).

  17. Yeah, lets make up some crazy scenarios, run some models and claim our demise. Then we’ll take action to mitigate things that have always occurred…ie flood, drought etc…and claim that we’re doing something in the name of global warming and that we are worthy and shall pat ourselves on the back, all the while spending billions of other peoples dollars and pocketing a healthy sum of their own. Dang these liars are good.

  18. “Peer reviewed”???
    Which part, the part that estimates the possible future damage under the scenarios or the part that states that if nothing is done “global temperatures rise 9 degrees Fahrenheit”?

    • In the context of a federal bureaucracy what does ‘peer reviewed’ mean? Approved for publication by other federal bureaucrats?

  19. And, don’t forget:
    If the concept is that adding more CO2 into the atmosphere will cause the climate to change
    then adding less CO2 into the atmosphere will also cause the climate to change.

  20. Doesn’t the EPA keep up on the latest climate change news? The human race is going to be extinct in 100 years. It was in a scientific report and as we all know the science is settled.

  21. So, were the 12000 deaths from eating sub-standard bread or did they forget to factor that in as well?

  22. Wait a minute, is this saving a few thousand of the richest people who can afford to pay their utility bills, or the poorest parts of society who are most affected by cold weather that apparently is a fantastic thing to live with, and are most affected financially by the obsession to kill GHG emissions?
    As for extreme temperatures in a selective 49 cities (i’m sure it’s all heat and not cold), easy answer to that is move your ass out of the city where UHI is a non-issue.
    I wonder how many of the estimated 589,430 deaths from cancer in the USA in 2015 could be avoided if more money was spent on actual scientific research of value, than wasted on this giant boondoggle?

  23. A list of sprinkles for the stewed horse-apples; file FIA forms [ redacted ] for prices.

  24. King Barack the Magnificent is now fulfilling his pledge that his reign would be when the CO2 stopped rising and the oceans would start falling. Just as with the Ozone Hole, victory shall be declared, not because the sky wasn’t falling in the first place, but because the Magnificent One has propped it back up. All hail the Emperor, but no peeking at his clothes!

  25. Peer reviewed? A bunch of scenarios? I wondered if they peer reviewed the assumptions. The use of the peer review term is not appropriate.

  26. “The right to search for truth implies also a duty; one must not conceal any part of what one has recognized to be true.”– Albert Einstein
    Gina McCarthy and the EPA have their own climate model, but when she is stumping for Obama’s Executive orders, or in this case for the IPCC, she certainly cannot divulge what it tells her.
    The EPA’s climate mode, MAGICC (Model for the Assessment of Greenhouse-gas Induced Climate Change) was developed by scientists at the National Center of Atmospheric Research under funding by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
    According to MAGICC calculations and assuming that the temperature will increase 3 degrees C by the year 2100 if no action is taken to reduce CO2 emissions, the following savings in temperature rise will be achieved if different levels of CO2 reductions are achieved:
    IF ONLY THE U.S. REDUCED CO2 EMMISSIONS:
    Reduction of CO2 Emissions Temperature Rise Reduction by 2050 Temperature Rise Reduction by 2100
    20% .013oC .018oC
    40% .021 .044
    60% .032 .076
    80% .042 .106
    100% .052 .137 !!!!
    IF ALL INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES REDUCE CO2 EMISSIONS:
    Reduction of CO2 Emission Temperature Rise Reduction by 2050 Temperature Rise Reduction by 2100
    20% .025oC .110oC
    40% .045 .149
    60% .064 .192
    80% .084 .235
    100% .104 .278 !!!!!
    According to MAGICC, if the United States eliminated all CO2 emissions today (an impossibility), the effect on Earth’s climate would be an imperceptible reduction of .137 degrees centigrade by the year 2100! If the entire industrialized world totally eliminated all CO2 emissions, it would result in a temperature decrease of about a quarter of one degree (.278 oC) by the year 2100, hardly worth destroying the world’s economy. THIS IS THE “RECOGNIZED TRUTH” THAT MS. MCCARTHY MUST HIDE when she is on the stump for Obama’s executive orders or for the IPCC.
    When Gina McCarthy is on the stump for Obama’s executive orders related to climate change, she makes statements such as the following:
    “It is unlikely that any specific one step is going to be seen as having a visible impact on any of those impacts.”
    Ms. McCarthy certainly does not say: “The EPA climate model estimates that the benefit of shutting down substantially all of our coal-powered electrical generating plants and wrecking our economy for decades to come is the reduction of the Earth’s temperature by eighteen one-thousandths of one degree (.0018 oC) by the year 2100”. That recognized truth must not be disclosed.
    REMEMBER THIS CAMPAIGN PROMISE? Then Senator Obama: “I taught constitutional law for ten years. I take the Constitution very seriously. The BIGGEST PROBLEMS that we’re facing right now have to do with George Bush trying to bring more and more power into the executive branch and not go through Congress at all, and THAT’S WHAT I INTEND TO REVERSE WHEN I’M PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.”
    BY HER OWN ADMISSION, GINA MCCARTHY DOES NOT CARE WHAT CONGRESS WANTS: “I will tell you that I didn’t go to Washington to sit around and wait for Congressional action. Never done that before, and don’t plan to in the future.”
    McCarthy thinks she knows better than Congress. Obama’s ill-conceived Executive Orders have put McCarthy into a position that allows her to do whatever (and buy whatever science) she wants.

  27. The report compares two future scenarios: a future with significant global action on climate change, where global warming has been limited to 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit),…”
    1. Peer reviewed a futuristic fantasy…this is science?
    2. Note the sentence limits warming to…whatever – it makes no difference what temp they limit cuz they can and will move the goal posts.
    3. Earthlings are going to control the climate – Science Fiction, Double Feature

  28. One can see that this report is again filled with exaggerations and worst case scenarios meant to make headlines and scare people Like the similar report prepared for Pentagon 10 years ago. none of the predictions came to pass and the same can be said about this one. . One can see that both NOAA and EPA have now both become global warming alarmists and political rather than neutral government agencies

  29. Nobody can predict the future. Nobody. But the Enviro-pixie can. McCarthy seems to have been chosen because she presents a benign face to totalitarianism. That is all.

  30. Did you ever wonder why Egypt, back in the days of the pharos, went broke? Could it be all the wasted money spend on government work programs like building pyramids.

  31. “without climate action, we estimated up to $10 billion in increased road maintenance costs each year by the end of the century. With action, we can avoid up to $7 billion of these damages.”
    This doesn’t make any sense to me. How can these not offset? Does the other 3 billion go into their pocket?

  32. This getting so tiring and I just KNOW “climate change” will soon be blamed on the increase of depression, gun violence, failed satellite launches , job loss etc etc etc. I really drives me crazy. And BTW AW I am convinced that the hoax has so permeated the bureaucrats it is a absolute really sad joke. As others have mentioned you cannot talk at any level to these people I don’t know where you get the strength from ( Oh right I forgot the KOch Bros /sarc)

  33. They had to investigate “the Benefits of Global Action” because unilateral US action produces no benefits — even under their most hallucinatory assumptions.

  34. “and a future with no action on climate change (where global temperatures rise 9 degrees Fahrenheit)”
    According to NOAA, Contiguous US annual temperatures rose at a rate of 0.09 F/DECADE or 0.9 degrees in 100 years , a rate that is 1/10 of what EPA is now projecting by the end of this century. This is exaggeration of the worst kind and it is coming from your federal government agency. . This is made even worse when the cooling since 2000 is- 0.27 F/decade and since 2005 at -.0.69F/decade. The credibility of this report is zero if this is the kind of exaggerations they use to scare the public.

  35. Digging deeper into the detail sections of the above EPA report or study, they predict Temperature Change in the U.S. as follows:
    “Under the Reference scenario, the largest increases in average temperature across the contiguous U.S. by 2100 are projected to occur in the Mountain West—up to a 14°F increase from present-day average temperature (Figure 2). The northern regions are also likely to see larger temperature increases than the global average (up to 12°F, compared to a global average of 9.3°F), while the Southeast is projected to experience a relatively lower level of overall warming (but comparable to the global average increase). ”
    Yet NOAA’s latest CLIMATE AT A GLANCE records show this extreme warming trend to be VERY DOUBTFUL. The hiatus is still happening despite NOAA gyrations to hide it.
    • There is clearly little global warming happening since 2005 when it comes to global land area.
    • Global land area temperature annual anomalies during the last 10 years show a flat or negative( cooling )trend of -0.02 C / decade according to NOAA own Climate at A Glance data. UAH satellite data confirm this
    • Northern Hemisphere land area 12 month temperature anomalies during the last 10 years show a flat or slightly negative or cooling trend -0.05/ C/decade respectively according to NOAA own Climate at A Glance data.
    • In North America, Contiguous US annual temperature anomalies show a negative or cooling trend since 2005 at -0.69 F/decade and a cooling trend of – 0.48/decade since 1998 according to NOAA own Climate at a Glance data
    • A similar pattern appears to be in Canada where 7 out of 11 climate regions show declining annual temperature departures since 1998; one is flat and 3 show warming from the. In other words 70 % of North American climate regions are not experiencing global warming but cooling.
    .

  36. I just did a quick scan of the report so I hope I’m simply missing something, but I see a lot of text and pretty pictures talking about the benefits of mitigation but I didn’t see any analysis of the cost of mitigation. Did I miss it? (I noted that the title didn’t say cost-benefit analysis it simply said benefit analysis but I hoped that was just a sloppy title— turns out it might be accurate)

  37. And just in time for Paris COP-21, there will be an app for that. From the ESRI newsletter:
    Enter the Climate Change and Human Health App Challenge
    Understanding the geography of climate change is critical to mitigating its health impacts and creating a vibrant and sustainable future. Join us in support of the White House Climate Data Initiative as we unleash the power of GIS to protect public health.
    Esri is calling on the worldwide GIS community to build map and analytical tools that help communities visualize, understand, and reduce climate change health risks. Esri’s Climate Change and Human Health App Challenge is open to everyone — developers, start-ups, governments, academics, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
    http://www.esri.com/landing-pages/industries/health/climate-change-app-challenge?utm_source=esri&utm_medium=email&utm_term=108301&utm_content=footer&utm_campaign=climate_app_challenge_2015
    Themes to Consider
    Impacts of extreme heat and severe weather
    Consequences of wildfires and floods
    Effect of drought on food insecurity, malnutrition, mental stress
    Increases in vector-borne or water-borne diseases
    Air pollution and or pollen and respiratory disease
    Assessing the risks to vulnerable populations and those with special needs
    Tailoring education and/or risk communication to targeted populations

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