Maurizio Morabito originally observed that the Pope’s climate encyclical was a “damp squib”.
For the most part it is harmless, but it does confront carbon credits and a “ploy”, albeit Pope Francis believes that some “radical changes” are needed. He is against materialism and consumption- nothing new there. Reading it, one can’t be certain he is advocating for reduced population or reducing CO2 specifically. Hence the “damp squib” label. He is relying on “conventional” UN science, as do most political leaders.
This from section 171 is an interesting quote:
171. The strategy of buying and selling “carbon credits” can lead to a new form of speculation which would not help reduce the emission of polluting gases worldwide. This system seems to provide a quick and easy solution under the guise of a certain commitment to the environment, but in no way does it allow for the radical change which present circumstances require. Rather, it may simply become a ploy which permits maintaining the excessive consumption of some countries and sectors.
h/t to Paul Westhaver