Remember the threat of flooded atolls and climate refugees due to sea level rise? Never mind.

From the AAAS Science Magazine and the department of “we told you so” again, and again, and again, comes this “revelation”.

Warming may not swamp islands

by Christopher Pala  Science 1 August 2014:  Vol. 345 no. 6196 pp. 496-497 DOI: 10.1126/science.345.6196.496

In an interview with CNN last month, Anote Tong, the president of Kiribati, insisted that rising sea levels due to global warming will mean “total annihilation” for this nation of 33 coral islands in the Central Pacific and for other atoll island nations like Tuvalu and the Maldives.

In May, Kiribati bought 22 square kilometers of land in Fiji as a haven for displaced citizens, cementing Kiribati’s reputation as an early victim of climate change. No doubt, the sea is coming: Global sea levels are expected to rise up to 1 meter by 2100. But recent geologic studies suggest that the coral reefs supporting sandy atoll islands will grow and rise in tandem with the sea. The only Pacific atoll islanders who will have to move must do so for the same reason as millions of people on the continents: because they live too close to shore.

===========================================================

h/t Paul Ostergaard

Unfortunately, the article is paywalled, if anyone has access drop me a note please. See update below.

Besides the posts from Willis and Andy above on how atolls like Kiribati float and move (unless you kill all the coral, Alling et al. 2007 shows Kirbati is ground zero for El Nino warming, plus there’s contributing environmental mis-management), the biggest fly in the ointment for the claim made by the current president of Kiribati is the fact that the Maldives (which is also mostly atolls and also claims to be threatened by sea level rise, but it isn’t true) are building new airports for tourism.

One, Kooddoo, is already open for business.

The main airport is adding a new modern passenger terminal, seen in this concept video:

And then there’s this from Wikipedia about the Male airport:

The agreement signed between the Maldives government and GMR Group included the upgrading and renovation of the airport up to the standard of a global airport by the year 2014. GMIAL announced that the development plans included reclaiming more land at the eastern end of the runway; where a new terminal is to be built. This terminal will consist of 3 separate bridged buildings. Plans for a separate cargo terminal was also announced.[15]

The Maldives, for all its troubles and supposed climate worries, doesn’t seem to get the fact that the last thing you do is spend money on new airports, passenger terminals, and cargo terminals on the islands you are supposedly going to have to eventually abandon.

Having your hand out for “climate change trust money” while building new airports to handle increased tourism doesn’t wash. “Scam” is too nice of a word to use here.

==============================================================

UPDATE: The article has been made available to me, thanks Joel O’Bryan. Excerpts below.

Studies suggest that atoll islands will rise in step with a rising sea

By Christopher Pala, on South Tarawa

As the minibus wobbles over the dusty, pothole-filled road that runs the length of South Tarawa island, a song blasting over Kiribati’s state radio envisions an apocalypse for this fishhook-shaped atoll halfway between Honolulu and Fiji: “The angry sea will kill us all.” The song, which won a competition organized by Kiribati’s government, reflects the views of President Anote Tong, who has been warning for years of a knockout punch from climate change.

No doubt, the sea is coming: In a 2013 report, the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicted that global sea levels will rise up to 1 meter by 2100. But recent geologic studies suggest that the coral reefs supporting sandy atoll islands will grow and rise in tandem with the sea. The only islanders who will have to move must do so for the same reason as millions of people on the continents: because they live too close to shore.

Paul Kench, a geomorphologist who now heads the University of Auckland’s School of Environment in New Zealand, was the first to question the dire forecasts for Kiribati and similar island nations. In 1999, the World Bank asked him to evaluate the economic costs of sea-level rise and climate change to Pacific island nations. Kench, who had been studying how atoll islands evolve over time, says he had assumed that a rising ocean would engulf the islands, which consist of sand perched on reefs. “That’s what everyone thought, and nobody questioned it,” he says. But when he scoured the literature, he could not find a single study to support that scenario.

So Kench teamed up with Peter Cowell, a geomorphologist at the University of Sydney in Australia, to model what might happen. They found that during episodes of high seas—at high tide during El Niño events, which raise sea level in the Central Pacific, for example—storm waves would wash over higher and higher sections of atoll islands. But instead of eroding land, the waves would raise island elevation by depositing sand produced from broken coral, coralline algae, mollusks, and foraminifera.

Kench notes that reefs can grow 10 to 15 mill imeters a year—faster than the sea-level rise expected to occur later this century. “As long as the reef is healthy and generates an abundant supply of sand, there’s no reason a reef island can’t grow and keep up,” he argues. This equilibrium may not mean that all areas of atolls will remain habitable, says Scott Smithers, a geomorphologist at James Cook University, Townsville, in Australia. “The changes might happen at a rate that exceeds the recovery,” he says. But the geologic record is reassuring, Kench and others found when they drilled deep cores into reef islands to probe how they responded to past sea-level changes. In a February report in Geophysical Research Letters, the researchers found that the island of Jabat in the Marshall Islands emerged on a reef 4800 to 4000 years ago, when sea levels were rising as fast as they are expected to rise over the next century. Other support for the model has come from monitoring how shorelines respond to seasonal

Vanua Levu in Fiji is a less appealing refuge. The purchase was “a publicity stunt,” scoffs Teburoro Tito, a former president of Kiribati and member of the opposition party Protect the Maneaba. Already home to 270 farmers from the Solomon Islands, the steep, hilly tract may accommodate only a few hundred more people. If the optimists are right, no one from Kiribati will have to leave their country anyway.

■ Christopher Pala is a writer in Washington, D.C

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Frank

From the article: “…the last thing you do is spend money on new airports, passenger terminals, and cargo terminals on the islands you are supposedly going to have to eventually abandon.”
There are probably counting on a lot of eco-tourists coming to see the island sinking.

Reblogged this on Catholic Glasses and commented:
Super obvious scam

ImranCan

I once had a lengthy email exchange with Mark Lynas (guardian environmental reporter / eco-activist / Maldives special advisor on sea level rises etc). Despite us both agreeing on the brilliance of Charles Darwin who did the seminary work on atoll formation, he remained utterly unshaken in his belief that the Maldives would drown despite being unable to put forward any good argument in contradiction to Darwin. I’m sure he still believes and espouses the same garbage.

lee

Bugger Colorado Interactive Sea Level widget is still broken. That’s something I like to look at for these claims. Kiribati seems pretty cyclic, from when I last looked.

lee

Taking too much water from the fresh water lens will cause subsidence.

Lance Wallace

“Unfortunately, the article is paywalled, if anyone has access drop me a note please.”
Here you go.
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/75831381/Pala%20Warming%20may%20not%20swamp%20islands.pdf

The first sentence links to the same article twice:
From the AAAS Science Magazine and the department of “we told you so”
<a href=”http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/06/02/tuvalu-and-many-other-south-pacific-islands-are-not-sinking-claims-they-are-due-to-global-warming-driven-sea-level-rise-are-opportunistic/” target=”_blank”>again</a>,
and <a href=”http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/03/09/kiribati-on-the-move-not-sinking/” target=”_blank”>again</a>,
and <a href=”http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/03/09/kiribati-on-the-move-not-sinking/” target=”_blank”>again</a>, comes this “revelation”.

Maybe the third reference should be //wattsupwiththat.com/2012/05/01/kiribati-a-global-warming-refuge/ ?

Lance Wallace

Sent the Science article without reading it. I see now it was not a research article, just a feature. Apparently the main scientist behind the theory is Paul Kench, author of the 1999 World Bank report and also the Feb 2014 Geophysical Research Letters article referenced in the Pala feature. Here is the article.
https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/75831381/Kench%20geophysical%20research%20letters%202014%20atoll%20formation%20Marshall%20Island%20Jabat.pdf
Here is the abstract:
The timing and evolution of Jabat Island, Marshall Islands, was investigated using
morphostratigraphic analysis and radiometric dating. Results show the first evidence of island building in the Pacific during latter stages of Holocene sea level rise. A three-phase model of development of Jabat is presented. Initially, rapid accumulation of coarse sediments on Jabat occurred 4800–4000 years B.P. across a reef flat higher than present level, as sea level continued to rise. During the highstand, island margins and particularly the western margin accreted vertically to 2.5–3.0m above contemporary ridge elevations. This accumulation phase was dominated by sand-size sediments. Phase three involved deposition of gravel ridges on the northern reef, as sea level fell to present position. Jabat has remained geomorphically stable for the past 2000 years. Findings suggest reef platforms may accommodate the oldest reef islands in atoll systems,which may have profound implications for questions of prehistoric migration through Pacific archipelagos.

rogerknights

In a previous thread on this topic, one WUWTer pointed out that once modern buildings and roadways have been built, they make it impossible for the surface of the atoll to rise from sand deposition. And the buildings would suffer from any overwashing.

Bruce

What’s new?
We knew this since Darwin’s time.

Jordan

Check to see if the new airport design includes a prominent light switch on a podium. With this, they will be fully prepared for the ceremonial switching-off the lights (and don’t forget the press conference), as the last person leaves.

Tanya Aardman

I’m sure Camp Thundercove at Diego Garcia wouldn’t have built massive runways and structures without any form of protection if they thought sea level rise was a genuine threat. Anyway they have tsunami warnings there (which they don’t share)

I mean how on Earth did they survive the approx 130 meter sea rise when the ice age ended in the first place?
?

David Schofield

Of course the President of the Maldives himself did say they weren’t sinking 2 years ago!
http://www.haveeru.com.mv/news/44118

Nylo

[…] Besides the posts from Willis and Andy above on how atolls like Kiribati float […]
Even though they behave as if they floated, they don’t, and I think this expression should be changed to avoid damaging skeptical views.

steveta_uk

Doesn’t anyone read “The Voyage of the Beagle”?
Or the work on coral reefs?

ren

I’m far from the science of it, but I don’t think these revelations should surprise anybody who has thought about it.
Atolls such as discussed are actually SEA LEVEL FEATURES, and in fact should be considered as the PRODUCT of a rising sea level, rather than under its threat. Why else all those Maldivian Islands dotted about a vast area of Indian Ocean, none of them more than a few meters above the waves? Co-incidence? I recall pointing this out in New Scientist years ago, following the nonsense of the Maldives ‘underwater cabinet meeting’, and I don’t remember being seriously challenged.
Incidentally, all this seems to have been clear to Charles Darwin, who wrote a short but perceptive account, on the evidence of his eyes alone, and one trip. You can see his account in the “VOYAGE OF THE BEAGLE”. What a piece of literature! What a guy!

Mothcatcher

Ken Hall

ImranCan says: July 31, 2014 at 10:21 pm
“I once had a lengthy email exchange with Mark Lynas (guardian environmental reporter / eco-activist / Maldives special advisor on sea level rises etc). Despite us both agreeing on the brilliance of Charles Darwin who did the seminary work on atoll formation, he remained utterly unshaken in his belief that the Maldives would drown despite being unable to put forward any good argument in contradiction to Darwin. I’m sure he still believes and espouses the same garbage.
It is almost impossible to get people to understand any argument, concept or fact which they are paid a lot of money to never accept.

ConTrari

Of course the president in the Maldives has to be a “denier”; who wants to invest in a sinking country?
“He added that foreign investors were concerned with the talks of a submerged Maldives.”
“He further vowed to work to retain investor confidence in the Maldives.”
(Thanks to David for the link http://www.haveeru.com.mv/news/44118)
The Maldives must be a world champion in double standards; arranging a government conference under water to show the world what a desperate sinking state they are in, and at the same time encouraging airborne tourism, the very agent of their country’s destruction, according to the alarmists.
It is certainly a place where I will never spend any holiday time or money.

ConTrari

WUWT readers will of course remember the report from Auckland University (2010) showing that coral islands were not sinking after all:
http://tvnz.co.nz/national-news/nz-research-shows-pacific-islands-not-shrinking-3577883

Greg Goodman

rogerknights says:
In a previous thread on this topic, one WUWTer pointed out that once modern buildings and roadways have been built, they make it impossible for the surface of the atoll to rise from sand deposition. And the buildings would suffer from any overwashing.
===
Thats exactly what struck me about the Male Int. airport promo video.
It looks like the runways are 30cm above sea level on an obviously perfectly calm day.
This kind of massive hard built structure is exactly what will _prevent_ the atolls from naturally adapting to sea level changes.
Also you don’t in what must be probably billions of dollars in a structure like that unless you are aiming to attract MASSIVE tourist throughput.
The last thing the coral and local reef ecology can stand is even more fishing and human garbage.
While trying to blame the rest of world it is clearly thier own actions and greed that is the main threat to the future of these atolls.
Total hypocracy.

knr

Can you really blame them from trying pocket a ton of ‘guilt cash ‘ from the gullible alarmists ?
While of course such scare stories fit nicely into the ‘evil west’ narrative so much pushed by those looking to use ‘the cause ‘ for their political outlooks.

Greg Goodman

And then there’s this from Wikipedia about the Male airport:
The agreement signed between the Maldives government and GMR Group included the upgrading and renovation of the airport up to the standard of a global airport by the year 2014. GMIAL announced that the development plans included reclaiming more land at the eastern end of the runway; where a new terminal is to be built. This terminal will consist of 3 separate bridged buildings. Plans for a separate cargo terminal was also announced.[15]
====
Clearly GMR and the Maldivian govt. know full well that islands will not be disappearing. Though any future sea defences walls and modifications required to the infrastructure will surely be billed to the UN green slush fund and we in the West will be expected to foot the bill for this folley.

Stephen Skinner

“In a 2013 report, the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change predicted that global sea levels will rise up to 1 meter by 2100.”
An unproven certainty?

tty

Santa Baby says:
“I mean how on Earth did they survive the approx 130 meter sea rise when the ice age ended in the first place?”
Well, not by ”floating” upwards. Coral reefs will track a rising sea-level upwards, but not downwards. When the sea-level goes down the become “raised atolls”, flat limestone plateaus with some slightly raised parts and a ring of living corals on the flanks.This limestone of course erodes, but very slowly, so it will largely bet the same level when the next interglacial comes around.
There are a few such raised atolls around even today, in places where tectonic forces have raised an atoll so high that it is well above even the interglacial sea level. Lifu, Mangareva, Niue and Henderson Island for example.
So most atolls only had to track the sea-level the last few meters upwards during the Holocene.
Incidentally the fact that most atolls/reefs are very close to the present sea-level is a strong argument against sea-levels having been much higher during earlier interglacials, at least in the Pacific. In that case there would be lots and lots of raised atolls about, while in fact they are rather rare.

There are two things that may endanger the coral atolls of the world and there are no due to climate! Unless the local government takes some action to clean up the fresh water lens underneath their island, that dirty water will track out over the reef, on top of the salt water base and kill the coral. However to convert live coral into sand it needs to be eaten by the various parrot beaked fish on the reef who digest the live parts and excrete nice clean coral sand. Unfortunately those reef fishes like to sleep at night and lazy spear fishermen have largely decimated their numbers. So, instal a municipal sanitation system and quit the easy fishing with spearguns and every storm will continue to push up enough coral sand to dodo just fine!

prjindigo

?
The coral reef that the island is “tarmacked upon” will grow taller?
Tell me of this subterranian coral that grows in darkness and dirt!

so the researcher has re-discovered Darwin.. who documented all this in 1836
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Structure_and_Distribution_of_Coral_Reefs
http://www.darwinproject.ac.uk/darwin-coral-reefs
what a waste of time/money

johnmarshall

Coral sand is dependent on the Parrot fish that eat the coral polyps by chewing coral pieces and then produce sand at the rear. The sea and wind does the rest. Coral itself grows as the sea rises because it requires a certain amount of sunlight to live so coral normally grows to a few inches below low water.
Another requirement is a healthy reef system which unfortunately for the Maldives becomes less of a possibility with increased tourism.

Don K

ImranCan says:
July 31, 2014 at 10:21 pm
I once had a lengthy email exchange with Mark Lynas (guardian environmental reporter / eco-activist / Maldives special advisor on sea level rises etc). Despite us both agreeing on the brilliance of Charles Darwin who did the seminary work on atoll formation, he remained utterly unshaken in his belief that the Maldives would drown despite being unable to put forward any good argument in contradiction to Darwin. I’m sure he still believes and espouses the same garbage.

=================================
While you’re almost certainly correct about 99% of the coral islands, Lynas may have a valid point wrt the capital of the Maldives — Male — where they have 100,000 people living on a rather small island that they have paved over and seawalled. I would imagine that it’s going to be difficult for sand to accumulate there and that any that does find its way onto the streets will be swept up and dumped back in the ocean. Fortunately, very few urban areas are built on coral islands. The only other one I can think of is `Key West. And. of course, that meter rise in sea level by century end is a possible value, not a probable value. We actually have little idea what the sea level rise in the 21st century will be. Sea level rise is remarkably difficult to measure. But it’s clearly not all that rapid at present. All in all, it’s quite likely that sea level rise won’t threaten even Male for several centuries.
Here’s a link to a photo of.Male http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Male-total.jpg that hopefully clarifies why natural processes are likely to have a problem with that particular rock.

Jim South London

CLIMATE PROPERTY SHARKS.
Scare the locals off with talk of rising sea levels and buy the place up cheap and put up Tourist Condos and Hotels and cash in bonanza.

Andrew

A British Government survey of Kiribati (then the Gilbert Islands) which was carried out in the 1940s concluded that the islands could never support a population of more than about 25000, because of the dependence of the islands on rainwater for fresh water. Rain was unreliable, and a period of drought would exhaust the fresh water “lens”, and eventually the heavier sea water would rise to nearer the surface. However, the population of Kiribati is now about 100,000. This is why Kiribati’s situation is becoming desperate.
Virtually all the problems of low-lying islands in the South Pacific and Indian oceans arise from over-population. Climate change/rising sea levels have little effect (except, as stated above, where islands can’t grow because tarmac and concrete are frustrating the natural processes.)

This is just one of so very many stories about catastrophic man-made global warming that changes all the time. The islands are sinking — no they are not — yes they are — no — yes — no — and so on.
How can anyone say “The Science is Settled”???

Robert of Ottawa

Coral reefs grow; atolls are the result of rising sea levels? Gosh who knew? Well Darwin figured it out in the 19th. century

Jim South London

ImranCan
Mark Lynas was a Climate Change adviser to the Maldives Government until they kicked him out out.
He claimed he left for ethical political reasons.Thats bollocks.
Personally all his panic talk of evacuation.Leaving their entire islands then their tourist industry to be swallowed up by the Big Corporations.Steve Wynn ,Trump The Chinese, Russian Oligarchs The Mafia Big Arab Oil Money grab their Real Estate.
At present only Maldivian citizens can own land in the Maldives So Marroit, Holiday Inn etc etc all have to lease their hotel sites from Local Maldivians so the Local Maldivian Tourist industry stays in the hands of the local Maldivians.
Scare the locals Off with talk of Climate Change and rising sea levels they have to move on and sell up to the Corporates.
The Maldives becomes the new Vegas with not a single local resident or politician to object.
With the Tropical Sunshine Tourist Luxury comes with the Drinking Gambling Prostitution Drugs Crime the usual
The Maldivians are all displaced to Climate Change refugee asylum camps in Australia .unemployed surviving on benefits.The Australians wont even except normal humanitarian refugees from Iraq Syria and Afghanistan let alone Maldivian Climate Change Refugees.
All this with not a flood in sight.Thanks Mark.
.

GregK

Further to Don K’s comments..
When holidaying in the Maldives plus 30 years ago I noticed vey thick tarmac [approx 30cm] in front of UN [? I think ] Aid office. Apparently the plan was to seal all the roads in Male until someone perceptive pointed out that local freshwater was obtained from rain that fell on/soaked into the island. Seal the roads, the rain runs off, no freshwater. They used all the tarmac to seal the road in front of the aid office

Unmentionable

“The Maldives, for all its troubles and supposed climate worries, doesn’t seem to get the fact that the last thing you do is spend money on new airports, passenger terminals, and cargo terminals on the islands you are supposedly going to have to eventually abandon.”
I firmly believe the difference here is the Maldives can only whine to India for money, so it doesn’t bother. But Kiribati feels Australia’s Labor/green socialists and like minded taxpayers are more than stupid enough to fall for a multi-decade multi billion dollar uber swindle.
And why wouldn’t they when said cohort, plus the ABC even create and pay for all their propaganda?
You’d be mad to not milk that for all it’s worth.

“But recent geologic studies suggest that the coral reefs supporting sandy atoll islands will grow and rise in tandem with the sea”.
“Recent” as in geological times?

Unmentionable

Lewis P Buckingham says:
August 1, 2014 at 4:53 am
Jim South London says:
August 1, 2014 at 4:31 am
Normal migration to Oz is also higher than ever, and remaining elevated, and on a long-term steep rising trend, so there are lawful and ways to migrate.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c0/ABS-3401.0-OverseasArrivalsDeparturesAustralia-TotalMovementArrivals_CategoryMovement-NumberMovements-PermanentSettlerArrivals-A1830884F.svg/1280px-ABS-3401.0-OverseasArrivalsDeparturesAustralia-TotalMovementArrivals_CategoryMovement-NumberMovements-PermanentSettlerArrivals-A1830884F.svg.png
So I see no reason to ever admit economic ‘refuges’ coming in as they feel like it via boats. Frankly such people have a damn hide calling themselves ‘refugees’. We should not be calling them that. They are tendentious opportunists for the most part.
And allowing various UN agencies and malicious greenies to get away with calling them refugees just belittles and damages that word, and its implications, for actual refugees. It simply undermines and works against the entire process being tolerated on this warped path into the future.

Philip Mulholland

tty says: August 1, 2014 at 2:28 am

There are a few such raised atolls around even today, in places where tectonic forces have raised an atoll so high that it is well above even the interglacial sea level.

The island of Barbados is another example for your list, the spectacular Harrison’s Cave is well worth a visit.

Latitude

johnmarshall says:
August 1, 2014 at 3:05 am
=====
halimeda..parrot fish poop is too fine

Don Easterbrook

Dr. Jerry Flora, a marine biologist, studied the corals of Kiribati for several decades and also concluded that the coral grows faster than any sea level rise.
Also, bear in mind that during the last Ice Age, sea level was about 120 meters (~400 ft) lower than today. When post-glacial sea level rose, the coral reefs grew upward as fast as sea level rose (about 1 meter/century). Drilling on Bikini Island prior to atomic testing there, showed that the coral was many hundreds of feet thick and could only have gotten that thick by upward reef growth as fast as island subsidence and sea level rise.

Jimbo

It’s not just new airports for the Maldives, it’s also flashy new tourist class hotels.

3 November 2013
Developers Dismiss Sea Level Rise Claims – Plan To Build 30 New Luxury Hotels In The Maldives – Nasheed’s Cash Machine
http://notrickszone.com/2013/11/03/developers-dismiss-sea-level-rise-claims-plan-to-30-new-luxury-hotels-in-the-maldives-nasheeds-cash-machine/

Jimbo

Now aside from sea level rise what are they doing about it? The very things that pollute and destroy their islands. But first this great impossibility.

Abstract
“…..Half a world away in the tropical Pacific Ocean a similar saga unfolded. During the Greco-Roman climatic optimum, the Polynesians migrated across the Pacific from island to island, with the last outpost of Easter Island being settled around A.D. 400 (35)….”
http://www.pnas.org/content/97/23/12433.full

Now the destructive practices that encourages sea water inundation, intrusion, degradation et. al.

Abstract – 16 November 2007
Ian White et. al.
Challenges in freshwater management in low coral atolls
…..Storm surges and over-extractions cause seawater intrusion, while human settlements and agriculture can pollute shallow groundwaters. Limited land areas restrict freshwater quantities, particularly in frequent ENSO-related droughts. Demand for freshwater is increasing and availability is extremely limited……
————–
Abstract – 2006
Three-Dimensional Imaging of Lagoon Aggregate Extraction and Resources: Case Study from Majuro Atoll, Marshall Islands
Carbonate sediments are the sole indigenous source of aggregate for infrastructure development on many Pacific islands, and their importance has increased markedly since the middle of the last century. Biogenic gravel and sand are extracted in many places by dredging of shallow lagoons and by the mining of beach deposits….
————–
Abstract – 2010
Impacts of Recreational Divers on Palauan Coral Reefs and Options for Management
…Guides identified natural impacts (63% of respondents) and divers (34% of respondents) as the primary causes of damage to coral….
————–
Abstract – 7 Jun 2010
Donovan Storeya et. al.
Kiribati: an environmental ‘perfect storm’
….Pollution of the groundwater, lagoon and near-shore reef areas as well as over-extraction of freshwater from groundwater sources have been consistent problems in water management. Most pollution is …
[Google search snippet – quote in PDF]
————–
FAO
Paper 5: Status of Coral Mining in the Maldives: Impacts and Management Options
…There are many problems associated with the current mining practices. Biological surveys of mined sites indicate mat the coral diversity and abundance have been decreased dramatically. In addition to this, little recovery was seen at sites intensively mined over 16 years ago…
Coral mining is a questionable activity with respect to maintaining the reefs in equilibrium.

I’m not buying.

mpainter

Concerning the Maldives, there was a change of regime several years ago and the “underwater” cabinet were ousted. The new
regime reversed the policy and now the Maldives are declared safe from rising sea level. In fact, they were never threatened as sea levels are essentially stable but also, due to some tectonic oddity, the Maldives are actually rising as Nils-Axil Mornier has shownin his studies (Mornier is a sea level and coastal evolution sspecialist).
The whole story has to do with pro-development and anti-development forces in the island. The old regime was scaring off investors with their scare talk while hoping for subsidies from the good folks at the UN. This hope was not realized and so they had to go. The new government is trying to attract investors and so the scare talk was stopped and development plans were rolled out.
The Maldives are another over populated island nation struggling with the problems to come. The others are talking up sea level rise in the hope of attracting charity but fat chance of that now. The truth is that the CAGW is a busted cause.

Jimbo

By encouraging all these tourists the Maldives is creating MORE co2 and garbage. This is a money making scam.

BBC – 19 May 2012
‘Apocalyptic’ island of waste in the Maldives
The Maldives are known as an unspoilt, paradise island destination for upmarket tourists but the BBC’s Simon Reeve has paid a visit to a part of the Maldives that tourists do not see – a huge island waste dump……
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-18073917

So what does the pristine Maldives do about this calamity on their doorstep? Yep, encourage more air miles tourists to pollute their islands, while they build more hotels and airports with building aggregates from somewhere.

2012-07-25
Maldives registers 6.1% tourist arrival growth
http://www.visitmaldives.com/en/news_posts/276
============
20 July 2014
Arrivals to Maldives continue robust growth in 2014
http://tourism.gov.mv/news/article-2247/

Then blame global warming and bring out the begging bowl. If I did this in the USA I would be arrested for fraud.

Jimbo

ImranCan says:
July 31, 2014 at 10:21 pm
I once had a lengthy email exchange with Mark Lynas (guardian environmental reporter / eco-activist / Maldives special advisor on sea level rises etc). Despite us both agreeing on the brilliance of Charles Darwin who did the seminary work on atoll formation, he remained utterly unshaken in his belief that the Maldives would drown….

They may actually drown if they don’t stop sand mining, fishing of beaked fish and other destructive practices. If people didn’t exist on the Maldives, sea level rise would be irrelevant – there is no acceleration in the rate of sea level rise, and the island have kept pace for thousands of years.

Abstract2010
Arthur P. Webba et. al.
The dynamic response of reef islands to sea-level rise: Evidence from multi-decadal analysis of island change in the Central Pacific
Low-lying atoll islands are widely perceived to erode in response to measured and future sea-level rise. Using historical aerial photography and satellite images this study presents the first quantitative analysis of physical changes in 27 atoll islands in the central Pacific over a 19 to 61 yr period. This period of analysis corresponds with instrumental records that show a rate of sea-level rise of 2.0 mm yr- 1 in the Pacific. Results show that 86% of islands remained stable (43%) or increased in area (43%) over the timeframe of analysis……..
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2010.05.003
____________________________________
Abstract – 10 FEB 2014
Evidence for coral island formation during rising sea level in the central Pacific Ocean
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059000/full

Jimbo

Here is what catastrophic sea level rise looks like. The atolls are no more.

IPCC – TAR – 2001
The warming phase, that took place about 11,500 years ago, at the end of the Younger Dryas was also very abrupt and central Greenland temperatures increased by 7°C or more in a few decades (Johnsen et al., 1992; Grootes et al., 1993; Severinghaus et al., 1998).
http://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/tar/wg1/074.htm
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Abstract
Richard B. Alley
Ice-core evidence of abrupt climate changes
…..As the world slid into and out of the last ice age, the general cooling and warming trends were punctuated by abrupt changes. Climate shifts up to half as large as the entire difference between ice age and modern conditions occurred over hemispheric or broader regions in mere years to decades…….
http://www.pnas.org/content/97/4/1331.full
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Abstract
Pierre Deschamps et al
…Controversy about the amplitude and timing of this meltwater pulse (MWP-1A) has, however, led to uncertainty about the source of the melt water and its temporal and causal relationships with the abrupt climate changes of the deglaciation. Here we show that MWP-1A started no earlier than 14,650 years ago and ended before 14,310 years ago, making it coeval with the Bølling warming. Our results, based on corals drilled offshore from Tahiti during Integrated Ocean Drilling Project Expedition 310, reveal that the increase in sea level at Tahiti was between 12 and 22 metres, with a most probable value between 14 and 18 metres, establishing a significant meltwater contribution from the Southern Hemisphere. This implies that the rate of eustatic sea-level rise exceeded 40 millimetres per year during MWP-1A.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v483/n7391/full/nature10902.html

JOHN 1000

As usual with global warming activists: watch what they do with their own money not what they say.
Building an airport on a doomed island? Means they know it is not doomed.
All the eastern US liberal global warming crowd keep pushing up prices for waterfront properties – why would they buy there if they believed the properties are doomed to be underwater? Because they have no such belief.
But it is a good scam to use to make money.