Upcoming reference pages at WUWT – help needed

The new Sea Ice Page has been a smash hit since it makes one stop shopping easy for all the pertinent sea ice graphs and imagery.

I’ve had suggestions for adding two other pages of interest. Plus I can think of a third. I could use WUWT readers help in getting them populated.

Here are the three I’m thinking of adding in a format similar to the Sea Ice Page:

  • El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
  • Solar page
  • Global Temperature Page

I’m otherwise occupied this weekend with my family (whom I’ve neglected far too much already this summer due to my Australian speaking tour) so I thought I’d ask for your help.

What I need from readers are URLs for imagery to populate these pages. with corresponding reference links.

If you wish to help, please submit suggestions in this sort of format so that I can pull out the comments easily.

  1. PAGE NAME from above
  2. Description
  3. URL for image/graph
  4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
  5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional)

Caveats: don’t suggest images/graphs that may be on private servers that our traffic might overload. The exception might be some of Leif Svalgaard’s excellent graphs (with his permission of course).

Then I’ll use the submissions to populate and add these new pages to the menu structure over the next few days. The current WP theme I’m using allows for pulldown menus, so we can add a number of such pages.

Many thanks in advance for your help.

– Anthony

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69 thoughts on “Upcoming reference pages at WUWT – help needed

  1. One I’d like to see is a recommended reading list. Leif and others kindly suggested some reading for me on Solar and plasma phyiscs. Other subjects like atmospheric physics, meteorology and oceanography would also be educational.

  2. Amino Acids in Meteorites says:
    July 24, 2010 at 8:54 am
    “1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. Pacific equator, last 12 months animation loop, sea surface temperature[…]”
    Looking at the text at
    http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/index.html
    these don’t seem to be measurements but model outputs; the model being fed data from other models (non-coupled models, IOW). Or am i wrong?

  3. My motto is “You have a right to your own opinion you do not have a right to your own facts.”
    I like to go to the data instead of “Professor XYZ says”
    I have been saving URL’s for use in “debates” for years.
    Here are some of my favorites:
    #1———-
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    climate 4 you
    2. Description:
    Lots of climate info- temperature
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://climate4you.com/
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    same
    5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional)
    none
    #2 ———-
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    Sea Level
    2. Description
    University of Colorado
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://sealevel.colorado.edu/
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    Same
    *******************
    #3-
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    GISS Surface Temperature Analysis
    2. Description
    Giss data for surface stations. Raw and adjusted
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/station_data/
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional)
    ***************
    #4
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    Wood for trees
    2. Description
    Temperature data and graphing
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://www.woodfortrees.org/plot/
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    http://www.woodfortrees.org/

  4. Monthly I present:
    a. Preliminary global and NINO3.4 SST anomalies, that also include weekly data for the same indices. Sample:
    http://bobtisdale.blogspot.com/2010/06/preliminary-june-2010-sst-anomaly.html
    b. “Official” global. hemispheric, ocean basin, and NINO3.4 SST anomalies. Sample:
    http://bobtisdale.blogspot.com/2010/07/june-2010-sst-anomaly-update.html
    c. And a mid-month update. Sample:
    http://bobtisdale.blogspot.com/2010/05/mid-may-2010-sst-anomaly-update.html
    Just let me know if I can help.

  5. I know it’s obvious and many here already use it, but the obvious is often overlooked.
    1. Solar page/ Global Temperature Page
    2. Shows the global temps on a graph of the various temp recording entities.
    3. http://www.woodfortrees.org/plot/
    4. Too numerous to mention.
    I don’t know what kind of server Mr. Clark has this stuff on, but his site has been referenced here and other places before. I use the site to spot check some of the questionable assertions which get posted around the web. I think many people do so.

  6. Everything you need is under my Climatic Indicators at my homesite 😉
    No sense in throwing in everything and the kitchen sink I say. Welcome to see what I’ve got.

  7. If you believe in the wisdom of the crowds theory it would be useful to add information markets estimates of certain climate and weather events, as reflected by bets made on predictions markets, i.e. Intrade.com
    For example,
    The minimum Arctic ice extent for 2010 to be greater than that of 2009
    http://www.intrade.com/jsp/intrade/common/c_cd.jsp?conDetailID=720038&z=1279989390392
    currently traded at 45, i.e. market consensus of 45% probability of happening although it’s a thin market.
    OR
    Will Global Average Temperatures for 2010-2011 be THE warmest on record?
    http://www.intrade.com/jsp/intrade/common/c_cd.jsp?conDetailID=706211&z=1279989562045
    On http://www.intrade.com there is a whole section “Climate and Weather”
    Among the more interesting contracts is
    “Climate Change Prediction: Al Gore versus Prof. Scott Armstrong
    Climate Change Prediction: Al Gore v Scott Armstrong. Armstrong to Win”
    http://www.intrade.com/jsp/intrade/common/c_cd.jsp?conDetailID=680459&z=1279989617340

  8. THE CLIMATE COOK BOOK RAP SHEET
    I was challenged recently to back up my claim that NOAA, NASA, an the CRU have been caught red handed cooking up tempuratures for years, (stretching back for decades and centuries.) I did not know where to begin to look!
    On that very day WUWT had two prime examples of the Keepers of the Climate Record distorting global temps upwards.
    I know that there have to be hundreds of other examples here at WUWT and elsewhere.
    Please catalogue the Rap Sheet of these climate frauds caught cooking the books.

  9. Climate Cook Book Rap Sheet
    Please catalogue all the instances NOAA, NASA, & CRU have been caught cooking the climate books!

  10. Solar:
    Debrecen Photoheliographic Data (current version of Greenwich System of Sunspot Area System)
    http://fenyi.sci.klte.hu/DPD/index.html
    Royal Greenwich Observatory – USAF/NOAA Sunspot Data (1874-present)
    http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/greenwch.shtml
    Greenwich group and daily sunspot data (1874-1982):
    ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/SUNSPOT_REGIONS/Greenwich/
    Composite Extreme UV Solar images (SOHO, SDO, STEREO Ahead & Behind)
    http://www.robertb.darkhorizons.org/DeepSolarMin9.htm
    latest SDO composite w/ spots:
    http://www.robertb.darkhorizons.org/SDO_latestLg.jpg
    Umbral/Penumbral Greenwich/Debrecen based butterfly diagram of Solar Cycle transitions
    Page: http://www.robertb.darkhorizons.org/DeepSolarMin10.htm
    Comparison Graph of Solar Cycle 23/24 with SC13/14 & SC14/15 (Umbral Area / 5):
    http://www.robertb.darkhorizons.org/TempGr/uSC24vs13_14.GIF

  11. I agree with Atomic Hairdryer that reading lists from knowledgeable people would be a great resource. I am becoming more interested in sunspots and desperately need to know the books and papers with which to start. Once started, I could then keep up. If anyone has a short recommended list, please post it. Thanks.

  12. Atomic Hairdryer says:
    July 24, 2010 at 8:05 am

    One I’d like to see is a recommended reading list. Leif and others kindly suggested some reading for me on Solar and plasma phyiscs. Other subjects like atmospheric physics, meteorology and oceanography would also be educational.

    That’s great Atomic.
    Perhaps readers here could read items on the recommended list and do book reviews.
    A sort of NYTimes book review section.
    WUWT Book Review anyone?

  13. The Hong Kong Observatory web site gives a wealth of information about this often-overlooked part of the world: sea and air temperatures (see the difference between Ckek Lap Kok [the international airport] and Ta Kwu Ling [a largely rural area]), and some excellent coverage of typhoons etc. This part of the globe has some really interesting weather!
    http://www.hko.gov.hk/contente.htm

  14. How about a page of predictions versus fulfillments?
    We could track the batting averages of people making predictions.
    For example, Al Gore’s prediction of an ice less Arctic Ocean within five years.
    It would be simple to calculate and verify.
    I’ve always felt public pronouncements should be kept track of, as a matter of course.
    That way when someone makes a pronouncement, such as Obama saying unemployment is going down by March of next year, one could see a little metric next to their name with their hitting average.
    Now what would we call this metric?
    PCT – Predictions come true percentage?
    TH – Truth hits?
    Every time a batter comes to bat, you can see what they’ve done in the past. Not only in general, but this year, this month, against this pitcher.
    I have a prediction floating around out there regarding the amount of follow up reporting we will see on the long term effects of the oil spill in the Gulf six months from now. Someone demanded I back up my ‘guarantee’ of the prediction.
    This is very important as there is the possibility of my having to buy someone two Coors if I’m wrong.

  15. The physics of GHG and CO2 is a must in my opinion. It drives everything else, therefore an understanding in everything else.

  16. 1. Global Temperature Page
    2. Last’s week Temp. Anomoly broken down by world region from the climate prediction center (US national weather service)-22 different maps.
    3. Series of 22 images:
    For CHANGE = 1 to 22; http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/regional_monitoring/wctanCHANGE.gif
    Next CHANGE;
    Example:
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/regional_monitoring/wctan15.gif
    United States under different Link (And F instead of C):
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/regional_monitoring/clrtanom.gif
    4. All links start from here:
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/regional_monitoring/
    Whew!

  17. 1. PAGE NAME from above = Global Temperature Page
    2. Description = Temperature graphs of 86 cities from the Lower 48 USA, of HadCRUT3 monthly average temperatures as published by Hadley in late 2009 following ClimateGate; The lack of appreciable warming is evident from many of the graphs, plus Urban Heat Island effect is also evident in others. Still others show a noticeable cooling trend.
    3. URL for image/graph =
    http://sowellslawblog.blogspot.com/2010/02/usa-cities-hadcrut3-temperatures.html
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides = same
    5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional) = HadCRUT3 from
    http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/temperature/

  18. a suggestion:
    some of these pages look complicated, might give laymen a headache

  19. 1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. video that might help laymen understand El Nino:
    “Chris de Freitas Ph.D., review of what El Nino is”
    3. 6 minute video

  20. WUWT needs an ‘executive summary’ page for people without the time or inclination to follow the arcane details. And, perhaps, a ‘peasant summary’ to explain what the political and economic aspects mean to the citizen and taxpayer.

  21. WW says:
    July 24, 2010 at 9:40 am
    If you believe in the wisdom of the crowds theory it would be useful to add information markets estimates of certain climate and weather events, as reflected by bets made on predictions markets, i.e. Intrade.com
    …………………..
    Jack Simmons says:
    July 24, 2010 at 11:48 am
    How about a page of predictions versus fulfillments?
    We could track the batting averages of people making predictions.

    Hear, hear!

  22. http://www.solarcycle24.com is a great site for images of sunspots both on the face we see and on the back side. It also stores daily data of sunspot number, key EM outputs as well as the cycle 24 prediction graph updated monthly by a known US scientist. The site is maintained by an enthusiast like yourself and I think it does it well.
    The NOAA has good stuff on El Nino/La Nina as well as ENSO. I’d try and find a site which monitors AMO, AO, AAO, PDO and IPWP as well, if they exist. I didn’t find them myself, but then I wasn’t looking that hard!
    I suspect that ‘global temperature’ is the most pesky of all and I don’t know of one that is unbiased.

  23. Suggestions for topics (some are above, so seconded)
    1. List (reviews?) of relevant new publications.
    2. Sea level changes, local plus global, actual measurements.
    3. Imagination time – what new instruments need to be put into satellites and why.

  24. 1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. Video, when PDO is (+) El Nino is predominant, when PDO is (-) La Nina is predominant
    “Chris de Freitas Ph.D., El Nino, La Nina”
    3. 2:32 video

    3. URL for image/graph

  25. Anthony, several have posted good suggestions for tapping into the business cyber-network for information on the financial aspects of climate change & carbon trading.
    I suggest you consider not only a science reference section, but also a policy section that will have links to important sites discussing the financial and political/policy drivers. This is a rapidly evolving process, with much likely to happen on the domestic front now that Cap & Trade has died in the Congress.
    I enjoy obtaining the regular newsletter from Point Carbon, the URL for Point Carbon is:
    http://www.pointcarbon.com/
    They discuss US and global financial aspects, including those driven by Kyoto. This is now a big business, we need to understand how the robber-barons are thinking.
    Have a nice day with your family, they come first!

  26. Re: Bob says: July 24, 2010 at 11:25 am

    I agree with Atomic Hairdryer that reading lists from knowledgeable people would be a great resource. I am becoming more interested in sunspots and desperately need to know the books and papers with which to start.

    Ones I was recommended were:
    The Sun from Space, Kenneth R. Lang
    http://www.amazon.com/Sun-Space-Astronomy-Astrophysics-Library/dp/3540769528/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1280008156&sr=1-1
    Explains kinky flux, complete with pictures. Plus lots more about how our weird and wonderful Sun works, and how we observe it. Helped make sense of a lot of the solar conversations, and also contains a very extensive reference section for further reading.
    Plasma Physics for Astrophysics, Russell M. Kulsrud
    http://www.amazon.com/Plasma-Physics-Astrophysics-Princeton/dp/0691120730/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1280008630&sr=1-1
    Helps explain how/why what the Sun does affects us. Sort of. Missing a few bits like our atmosphere and surface interactions, but therein lies the mysteries, and why I’m now looking for recommendations on atmospheric physics and ocean cycles. Kind of approaching it the old fashioned way and trying to follow the energy.
    Online references are all well and good, but I still prefer a good book I can read in comfort. Maybe I’m old fashioned, but still don’t find e-books that user friendly, especially if I drop them in the bath.

  27. Addendum: Scratch PointCarbon, it is all pay-for-view now! Sorry, the newsletter is worth getting as a free subscription. Cheers, Charles the DrPH

  28. 1. PAGE NAME : El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. Description – 3. URL for image/graph :
    – Nino regions –
    -Monthly temperature change – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/sst_monthly.gif
    -2-week temperature change – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/sst_monthly.gif
    -Animation of recent changes – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/surface_anim.gif
    -Weekly SST data graph – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/indices.shtml
    4. URL for main page – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/
    1. PAGE NAME : Solar page
    2. Description : NOAA solar/space info
    3. URL for image/graph :
    – Solar X-Ray image – http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/sxi/images/latest_goes14_small.png
    – Solar X-Ray flux – http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/rt_plots/Xray_sm.gif
    4. URL for main page : http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/
    5. URL for data – http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpmenu/
    There are many individual bits of data, eg. daily sunspot summary – http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/ftpmenu/forecasts/SRS.html
    1. PAGE NAME : Global temperature
    2. Description : monthly data series
    3. URL for image/graph : n/a
    4. URL for main page – 5. URL for data
    UAH
    – main – http://vortex.nsstc.uah.edu/
    – LT data (eg.) – http://vortex.nsstc.uah.edu/public/msu/t2lt/tltglhmam_5.2
    RSS
    – main – http://www.remss.com/
    – LT data (eg.) – http://www.remss.com/data/msu/monthly_time_series/RSS_Monthly_MSU_AMSU_Channel_TLT_Anomalies_Land_and_Ocean_v03_2.txt
    Hadley Centre
    – main – http://hadobs.metoffice.com/hadcrut3/
    – HadCRUT3 dataset (eg.) – http://hadobs.metoffice.com/hadcrut3/
    NB. There is an image of surface temperature anomalies at http://hadobs.metoffice.com/hadcrut3/diagnostics/monthly/anomaly.png but I don’t know if it is regularly updated (I suspect it is).
    Anthony – Keep up the good work, you have done a fantastic job. I regrettably missed your Oz tour as I was in Europe at the time. I encouraged some farming friends to go to the Wagga talk but have only just returned home so haven’t heard back from them yet (they travelled 250 miles to hear Eigil Friis-Christensen two years ago, so there is definitely interest in the farming community).

  29. 1. PAGE NAME : Solar page
    2. Description : Sunspot number monthly
    3. URL for image/graph : n/a
    4. URL for main page : http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/greenwch.shtml [already given by rbateman]
    5. URL for data – http://solarscience.msfc.nasa.gov/greenwch/spot_num.txt
    The sunspot number monthly data must presumably be available from the main page, but I don’t see it there. The main page says “(Funding for this database terminated in FY2005 and apparently will never be restored – We will continue to update if possible. Last update 2010/07/02) “. The sunspot monthly data has been maintained so far.

  30. 1. PAGE NAME : El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. Description – Monthly Southern Oscillation index
    3. URL for image/graph : n/a
    4. URL for main page : http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/
    5. URL for data : ftp://ftp.bom.gov.au/anon/home/ncc/www/sco/soi/soiplaintext.html
    – ftp index : ftp://ftp.bom.gov.au/
    Temperature data from Australian stations (also rainfall and weather observations) is available from Australian Bureau of Meteorology page – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/data/

  31. 1. PAGE NAME : Solar page
    Only indirectly relevant, but since the sun affects GCRs this could be of interest. Or maybe a separate GCR page would be more appropriate.
    2. Description : Oulu Cosmic Ray Station Neutron Monitor
    3. URL for image/graph : http://cosmicrays.oulu.fi/webform/monitor.gif
    4. URL for main page : http://cosmicrays.oulu.fi/
    5. URL for data : on http://cosmicrays.oulu.fi/ there is a query allowing download of any time period as data or graph. eg. graph for 2000-now is
    http://cosmicrays.oulu.fi/webform/query.cgi?startdate=2000/01/01&starttime=00:00&enddate=2010/07/24&endtime=18:23&resolution=Automatic%20choice&picture=on
    I think the sudden dips are Forbush decreases from solar flares (but I may have got this wrong)
    NB. If you substitute eg. 2020/01/01 for the end date, you get the same graph, so you could use this query URL to get a graph over a longer period that automatically goes up to current date.
    The full network of Cosmic Ray stations is here : http://cr0.izmiran.rssi.ru/common/links.htm

  32. Over two billion people, one third of all humanity lives around the Indian Ocean littoral.
    No mention of the Indian Ocean or the Indian Ocean Dipole is ever made by the northern hemisphere / ENSO dominated blogsphere or science.
    The IOD phase drives droughts and floods in West Africa, the critical monsoons across the Indian subcontinent and the droughts and floods across Indonesia and Australia.
    On the phases of the IOD in large part rests the food supplies of one third of all of humanity.
    JAMSTEC > Indian Ocean Dipole > http://www.jamstec.go.jp/frsgc/research/d1/iod/
    For all major Ocean Indicators in easy understandable format.
    OOPC [ Ocean Observations Panel for Climate ] >
    http://ioc-goos-oopc.org/state_of_the_ocean/all/
    The Great Southern Ocean is listed as extending from 60 degrees south to Antarctica, the 5th largest out of the 7 continents.
    The actual extent of the Southern Ocean extends from about 40 degrees S to Antarctica.
    Placed in the northern Hemisphere the Southern Ocean would extend down to and across the northern parts of the USA, across the middle Mediterranean and across below Mongolia, across central China and Japan.
    The only small land masses in this circumpolar Great Southern Ocean are New Zealand and the southern regions of Chile and Argentina and the Antarctic Peninsula.
    Again due to the very biased concentration of ocean and atmospheric research which concentrates almost exclusively on the northern hemisphere, not a great deal of research has been done on the Southern Ocean and it’s possibly immense influences on the world’s climate and weather systems.
    The Southern Ocean is the only ocean that links to all of the world’s major ocean basins and allows the interchange of ocean waters between ocean basins.
    The Southern Ocean is the source of the largest current in the global ocean system, the Peru current which flows up the west coast of South America and then turns westwards as the Humbolt current paralleling the equator.
    With future research, this current may well prove to eventually be one of the drivers and a significant influence on the El Nino / La Nina system.
    The major southern hemisphere circumpolar atmospheric system about which not a lot is presently known is the Antarctic Oscillation [ AAO ] or Southern Annular Mode [ SAM ]
    The SAM appears to be driven by the polar Ozone hole extent and is increasingly seen as having a very significant effect on southern Australia’s, southern Argentina’s and southern Chile’s winter weather systems.
    In Australia’s case those seasonal effects across western, central and southern Australia are also heavily influenced by the IOD and along the east coast, the ENSO.
    A high SAM index generally means that the southern origin frontal systems are much further south and the Hadley cell high pressure systems are firmly established over southern Australia with resulting dry conditions during our winter and potential for drought conditions.
    The SAM index is currently at some of the highest positive numbers and for one of the longest periods for some decades.
    The SAM index > NOAA / NCEP >
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/ENSO/verf/new.aao.shtml
    Jet Stream locations and tracks are major drivers of weather particularly in the near polar regions as North Americans and Europeans may well understand after the last couple of winters.
    California Regional Weather Server
    http://squall.sfsu.edu/
    Jet Stream Analyses and Forecasts at 300 mb
    http://squall.sfsu.edu/crws/jetstream.html

  33. Oh dear! another correction!
    The IOD phase drives droughts and floods in EAST Africa, [ not West Africa.]

  34. A simple idea:
    The only real threat from “global warming” is sea level rise.
    The one sure fire way to see if there actually IS some warming happening is sea level rise ( we really can’t trust the “global (adjusted) (adjusted again) (UHI corrupted) (baseline changed) (beginning date changed to make slope look rising) (etc) temperature page”, so why even bother?
    If the temperature is rising, the ice must melt, both at the poles and glaciers/greenland/iceland etc.
    If the ice melts, sea levels rise.
    If the sea is not rising, then the ice is not melting, and the earth is not warming.
    Even if we are told it is warming, without sea level rise, what real threat is it? Most of the good times in human history were during warm periods, and bad ones during cold periods (dark ages anyone?), so other than the sea rising, what real problem is there?
    Thus sea level rise or lack thereof has two advantages, first, it is hard to fake, thus is a LOT more reliable than “global temperature page” which this site has shown again and again is being faked now. Second, sea level rise is the only real provable danger, and thus the only thing we need be concerned about.
    And if it aint rising than we KNOW that “global warming” ain’t happening, and this is the real purpose of this site, to look at actual FACTS and find out what is REALLY happening, isn’t it?

  35. After a night’s sleep, one other thing which might be really worthwhile is a cool, unbiased, non interest-led synthesis of what the key research issues for climate science should be right now and whether an organisation to replace IPCC should be created to ensure a CERN-like organisation for climate science is created to get the world to work together on this??

  36. Mike Jonas says:
    July 24, 2010 at 5:36 pm
    Greenwich shut down in 1974. What is done now is a shadow of the 100 years of operation, and why I gave the links to Debrecen Observatory where the cause of precise measurements of photoeheliograms are taken.
    Measurement of sunspot area was what Wolf dreamed of, and what Greenwich started.
    You get away from the trappings of sunspot counting when you measure.

  37. A. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    JAXA/EORC AMSR-E El Nino Watch
    2. Description
    SST Graph, Anomaly Graph, Time Series Graph, Plus (Great Site!!)
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/cgi-bin/amsr/elni2/elni2.cgi?lang=e
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/cgi-bin/amsr/elni2/elni2.cgi?lang=e
    5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional)
    http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/AMSR/index.html
    _________________________
    B. Solar page – TBD
    _____________________________
    C. Global Temperature Page – TBD

  38. To add to Amino Acids in Meteorites posts related to TAO:
    1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. NOAA: Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Array
    Description: Real-time data from moored ocean buoys for improved detection, understanding and prediction of El Niño and La Niña.
    3. URL for image/graph of most recent: http://tao.noaa.gov/styles/images/latlon/5day/sst_latlon_5day_latest.png
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides:
    http://tao.noaa.gov/refreshed/index.php
    5. Data Delivery: http://tao.noaa.gov/tao/data_deliv/deliv_ndbc.shtml

  39. 1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. NOAA: Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Virtual Tour
    Description from page: “The TAO/TRITON Array, designed for the study of year-to-year climate variations related to El Niño and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO), consists of approximately 70 moored ocean buoys in the tropical Pacific Ocean. The array is supported by a multi-national partnership of institutions and is a major component of global ocean and global climate observing systems.”
    3. none
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides:
    http://tao.noaa.gov/proj_overview/tao_tour_ndbc.shtml
    5. Data Delivery: http://tao.noaa.gov/tao/data_deliv/deliv_ndbc.shtml
    1. Global Temperature Page
    2. NOAA: National Data Buoy Center
    Description of page: Buoy locations, status, and data is selectable.
    3. Specific buoy information requires mouse over from the main page.
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides:
    http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/
    5. Sensor Data requires buoy selection from the main page.
    Stations at or near the Bering Strait:
    Station NMTA2 – 9468756 – Nome, Norton Sound, AK:
    http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_page.php?station=nmta2
    Station RDDA2 – 9491094 – Red Dog Dock, AK: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_page.php?station=rdda2
    Station PRDA2 – 9497645 – Prudhoe Bay, AK: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_page.php?station=prda2
    Station 46035 (LLNR 1198) – BERING SEA 310 NM North of Adak, AK: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_page.php?station=46035
    Station 46073 (LLNR 1199) – Southeast Bering Sea: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_page.php?station=46073
    1. El Nino/La Nina/ ENSO page
    2. NOAA: Tropical Atmosphere Ocean 5-Day Lat Lon Plots
    Description from page: page includes 5-Day plots for Zonal Wind, Meridional Wind, Wind Speed, Sea Surface Temperature, Depth Averaged Temperature, Air Temperature, Dynamic Height, 20° C Isotherm Depth, Heat Content, Relative Humidity. Date range is selectable.
    3. Most Recent by type requires mouse over from the main page.
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides:
    http://tao.noaa.gov/refreshed/latlonPlots.php?type=5day
    5. Sensor Data and additional plots: http://tao.noaa.gov/refreshed/siteArrayPlots.php

  40. In addition to the links above for the ENSO, here are some of the more important ones I use.
    For SSTs, (not a great visual but it is accurate and updated daily).
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/people/wwang/rtgsst/rtgsst.gif
    The cross-section of temperatures at depth are very important because there is definitive cyclic pattern to it (the anomalies sink to about 250 metres depth at 155E and then migrate across the Pacific to the East where they eventually surface at 95 W – it takes just over a year for this below surface cycle to complete – it is probably the strongest predictor of where the ENSO is going of anything ).
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ocean/anim/wkxzteq_anm.gif
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/GODAS/pent_gif/xz/movie.temp.0n.gif
    http://www.ecmwf.int/products/forecasts/d/charts/ocean/real_time/xzmaps/
    The ocean current anomaly is also very important since the currents are always above normal when a La Nina happens and well-below normal or backwards during an El Nino.
    (for this one, nice powerful visual but the link will have to be changed from 2010.06 to 2010.07 when it is updated just a few days after the month-end).
    http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/products/GODAS/mnth_gif/xy/mnth.anom.xy.u15m.2010.06.gif
    (5 day pentad rolling animation).
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/GODAS/pent_gif/xy/movie.uv15m.gif
    The low-level Trade Winds are also very important. Just found this one that also provides a 7 day forecast (nice visual here but I don’t know how long it will be around – haven’t found the original source yet.)
    http://www.atmos.albany.edu/student/carl/weather/timeLon/u.anom.30.5S-5N.png
    (another one.)
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/daily_ao_index/zw/zw.obs.gif
    Equatorial Upper Ocean Heat Content (updated weekly – not sure how it will show up on a linked page since it is a whole html page by itself).
    http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/ocean/weeklyenso/heat-last-year.gif
    Atmospheric Angular Momentum is a strong driver of the ENSO – negative signals La Nina, positive signals El Nino.
    http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/map/images/reanalysis/aam_total/glaam.sig.90day.gif
    The TOA/Triton bouys have a much nicer and easier to use interface at this page.
    http://tao.noaa.gov/refreshed/sectionPlots.php?type=5day&sec=depth&var=temp
    if someone wants to use a direct http/ftp page where all the TAO charts can be found, it is here but there is a huge amount of data/charts in each sub-directory so it will be slow.
    http://tao.noaa.gov/styles/images/
    Can’t forget the SOI numbers. Updated daily from LongPaddock.
    http://www.longpaddock.qld.gov.au/seasonalclimateoutlook/southernoscillationindex/30daysoivalues/
    Out-going Longwave Radiation over the Nino regions is often forgot about but it is a central part of how the ENSO develops and then how it impacts temperatures around the globe. As an El Nino is ending, the area around the international date line literally becomes continuously covered in tropical storms – OLR falls by an huge 50 watts/m2 – which no other place on the planet can come close to in terms of anomalies sustained on a continuous basis – the clouds hold the heat in to be transferred to the rest of the globe – during a La Nina there is much much less cloud and whatever heat the La Nina ocean has goes out to space and is lost with very high OLR anomalies. The clouds also participate in cooling off / warming back up the ocean waters so that it is always trying to go back to normal temperatures. (3 month global map updated automatically)
    http://cawcr.gov.au/bmrc/clfor/cfstaff/matw/maproom/OLR/m.l3m.html
    (OLR Time series signalling if the ENSO is warming up the planet (blues) or cooling off the planet (yellows) – and the corollary, if there is lots of clouds and storms (blue) or very little cloud (yellow) – updated automatically.
    http://cawcr.gov.au/bmrc/clfor/cfstaff/matw/maproom/OLR/ts.r4.l.gif

  41. B. Solar page
    1. PAGE NAME from above
    Space Weather Dials
    2. Description
    These dials use the last good received set of measurements from the Real Time Solar Wind package on the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) spacecraft. On the dial background color schemes, green indicates that values in this range are unlikely to disturb the near-Earth space environment. Yellow indicates that values in this range may contribute to disturbances, and Red indicates that values in this range are likely to drive disturbances. This scheme is valid for all dials except the “Log[Beta]” dial for which a different scheme applys.
    Solar Wind Density:
    (Measured) This quantity is the number of solar wind protons per unit volume as measured by the ACE Solar Wind Electron Proton Alpha Monitor (SWEPAM).
    Solar Wind Speed:
    (Measured) This quantity is the average (“bulk”) speed of solar wind protons as measured by ACE/SWEPAM. This is the solar wind speed just as the bulk speed of air molecules is the “wind speed” we know here on the surface of the Earth.
    Solar Wind Pressure:
    (Derived) This quantity is the solar wind ram pressure, the force per unit area required to stop the solar wind flow. This is similar in concept to the force a surface wind exerts on a sail. The solar wind ram pressure depends on the solar wind speed and density.
    Solar Wind Temperature:
    (Measured) This quantity is the temperature of protons in the solar wind. It is measured by ACE/SWEPAM.
    Interplanetary Magnetic Field Magnitude:
    (Measured) This quantity is the strength of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) as measured by the ACE Magnetometer (MAG).
    Interplanetary Magnetic Field Polar Angle:
    (Derived) This quantity is the angle between the IMF and the geomagnetic axis. When the IMF is southward, antiparallel fields near the magnetospheric subsolar point allow merging between the IMF and geomagnetic fields. This process increases the transport of solar wind mass, momentum, and energy into the Earth’s magnetosphere. This process can also open the magnetosphere to solar energetic particle radiation. In severe conditions this radiation can threaten high altitude aircraft in high latitude and polar regions. Under less severe conditions this radiation can still threaten polar orbiting spacecraft. This quantity depends on IMF components measured by ACE/MAG.
    Interplanetary Magnetic Field Azimuth:
    (Derived) This quantity is the direction of the IMF perpendicular to the geomagnetic axis. This affects the details of solar wind-magnetosphere interactions; however, this is of tertiary importance compared to the IMF magnitude and polar angle. This quantity also depends on IMF components measured by ACE/MAG.
    Voltage Across the Polar Cap / Convection Potential:
    (Derived) This quantity measures the solar wind energy input to the magnetosphere that drives magnetospheric convection. It appears as an electric potential imposed across the polar ionosphere. The quantity shown here is an estimate of the asymptotic convection potential based on ACE/SWEPAM and ACE/MAG measurements as well as the work of Boyle, et al. (Journal of Geophysical Research 102, 111, 1997.) This estimate is asymptotic because it does not account for the time delays such as those imposed by friction between the ionosphere and the neutral atmosphere.
    Alfven Speed:
    (Derived) This quantity is the propagation speed of shear Alfven (intermediate mode) magnetohydrodynamic waves in the solar wind.
    Sound Speed:
    (Derived) This quantity is the propagation speed of gasdynamic (sound) waves in the solar wind. Although collision rates are generally so low in the solar wind that classic sound waves do not travel effectively, this quantity is necessary for calculating the propagation speeds of compressional Alfven (fast and slow mode) magnetohydrodynamic waves in the solar wind. The magnetohydrodynamic waves together allow the use of gasdynamic approximations to describe portions of the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction.
    Thermal Energy Density:
    (Derived) This quantity is the heat content of the solar wind. It takes into account both solar wind density and temperature and can be translated into solar wind thermal pressure. This quantity is generally less important than either the solar wind ram pressure or the solar wind (IMF) magnetic pressure.
    Log[Beta]:
    (Derived) “Beta” is the ratio between the thermal and magnetic energy densities in the solar wind; this ratio controls whether particle thermal processes or magnetic processes dominate the behavior of the plasma. The base-10 logarithm of Beta is shown on the dial. The blue portion of the dial shows when magnetic processes govern solar wind structures; the purple portion shows when thermal processes govern these structures.
    Alfven Mach Number:
    (Derived) This quantity is the ratio between the solar wind speed and the Alfven speed. This normally controls the type of bow shock required to divert the solar wind around the magnetosphere. This bow shock is similar to the shock in front of a supersonic airplane that generates a “sonic boom” when the shock passes an observer.
    Mach Number:
    (Derived) This quantity is the classic Mach number, the ratio between the solar wind speed and the gasdynamic sound speed. This quantity controls the bow shock when the solar wind plasma is in a high-Beta (Log[Beta]>0) state.
    3. URL for image/graph
    http://space.rice.edu/ISTP/justdials.html
    4. URL for source page/main page where image/graph resides
    http://space.rice.edu/ISTP/justdials.html
    5. URL for supporting data, if any (optional)
    http://space.rice.edu/ISTP/dials.html
    http://space.rice.edu/ISTP/dialinterp.html

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