The UAH Satellite Temperature Record With Volcanic Noise Outliers Filtered Out
A guest post by Steven Goddard
I’ve often wondered what the UAH global temperature record would look like if the cooling effects of the eruptions of El Chichón in April, 1982 and Mount Pinatubo in June, 1991 were removed. Large volcanic eruptions shoot fine ash up to very high altitudes, which makes the upper atmosphere less transparent, allowing less sunlight (SW radiation) to reach the lower atmosphere. This has a noticeable cooling effect on the lower atmosphere and the earth’s surface which can last for years, as can be seen in the figures below. Note how the lower troposphere temperatures were depressed during periods when the atmospheric transmission was also depressed.
Next let’s look at the UAH satellite record:
Volcanic events are not related to man’s activities, and should not be included when calculating anthropogenic global warming trends.
My experiment was simple enough. I took the UAH monthly data and nulled out the periods of low atmospheric transmission (April 1982-December 1985) and (June 1991-December 1994.) In other words I set those months to zero anomaly. This is a reasonable approach, because zero anomaly is what UAH considers to be the mean temperature for the period. Using Google Spreadsheet’s linest() function, I then calculated the trend. With the volcanoes removed, the global warming trend dropped from 1.3 degrees per century to 1.0 degrees per century.
A far cry from the 6+ degrees at the high end of the IPCC scenarios.
What also becomes apparent from this graph is that recent lower troposphere temperatures have dropped back to near the 1978-1997 baseline. 2008 monthly temperatures averaged slightly lower than 1980 temperatures.