Partial solar eclipse shows off massive sunspot

From the National Science Foundation: Press Release 14-141

Spotlighting the sun

partialeclipse5[1]

October 24, 2014

Astronomers with the National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) captured pictures not only of Thursday’s partial solar eclipse, but also of the “monster” sized active region or sun spot that has many comparing it to one of a similar size that occurred 11 years ago.

The sun spots were earlier reported by scientists with the NSF-supported National Solar Observatory. According to astronomers Frank Hill and Kiran Jain, “As of Oct 21, 2014, a very large active region is currently on the solar disk and producing flares as strong as an X1. [Solar flares are classified according to their strength, and X-class flares are the biggest.] It is eerily reminiscent of another very large active region, which appeared almost exactly 11 years ago around Halloween 2003 very close to the same location on the sun and produced an X17 event, the largest solar flare recorded in modern history. That flare was one of a series of very strong flares now known as the Halloween flares. We may be in for an encore. This active region currently covers 2,000 millionths of the solar disk area and is almost the size of Jupiter.”

What’s the significance of active regions?

When they produce X17 events with solar winds that spew solar matter full of charged particles, they can impact the Earth’s ionosphere, the very upper part of our atmosphere. That’s where our satellites reside, so extreme solar winds can hamper our communications systems that rely on these satellites, such as GPSs and telecommunications, as well as have impact on power grids. Additionally, the increased solar activity makes that upper atmosphere a little hotter, which causes more wear-and-tear on the satellites. The last Halloween flares actually knocked out power grids in Sweden, so they can be cause for concern here on Earth. The current active region showed up in late September and is likely to stick around for a few weeks, so astronomers are monitoring it closely to see how it grows or changes.

And NOAO’s Robert Sparks showed that sometimes all it takes is a phone camera and a telescope to provide photos with amazing detail. In two of the photos, he used cell phones attached to a telescope, providing not only a good look at the sun’s active region, but also prominences (large, bright, gaseous features that extend outward from the sun’s surface, often in loop shapes) and filaments (large regions of very dense, cool gas, held in place by magnetic fields that appear as dark, long and thin).

-NSF-

Media Contacts

Ivy F. Kupec, NSF, (703) 292-8796, ikupec@nsf.gov

Related Websites

National Optical Astronomy Observatory: http://www.noao.edu/

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16 thoughts on “Partial solar eclipse shows off massive sunspot

  1. Looks like 2192 has rotated past the point where flares would have an impact on earth. Wonder if it makes it around the sun again.

  2. The sun spot made the partial eclipse photos I was able to obtain “special” as the moons disk approached it. It was almost as if the moon’s disk was pointing out the sun spot. Kept hoping for a flare during the process but no uck on that. Next best thing to traveling to see the total eclipse.

  3. Well, I’ve learnt a lot about the rubbish cameras in cell phones.
    If you are going to the trouble of setting up a telescope to view an astronomical phenomenon why not use a proper camera rather than a low resolution, out of focus phone camera image?

    • LOL. That’s a REALLY strange looking sunspot. Oh, right, some bozo flew his plane right in front of the sunspot right at the exact time. sigh.

  4. If you think that was a big spot look up the archives on the SOHO web page for 2001/03/29 09:36 UT.
    That was Solar Cycle 23.

  5. Bump. Just got this in my inbox:
    SUBJ: IPS AURORA OUTLOOK
    ISSUED AT 2102 UT ON 06 Nov 2014 BY IPS RADIO AND SPACE SERVICES
    FROM THE AUSTRALIAN SPACE FORECAST CENTRE
    A large active solar region is rotating into a position that is
    favourable for geoeffective Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) and possible
    auroral activity. There is an increased chance of auroral activity
    over the coming 7-10 days. Warnings and/or alerts will follow should a
    geoeffective CME be observed and/or significant geomagnetic activity
    eventuate.
    Australian Space Forecast Centre
    IPS Radio and Space Services
    Bureau of Meteorology
    P: +61 2 9213 8010
    E: asfc@ips.gov.au

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