Earth Hour in California – Success or Bust? The CAISO Power graph tells the story.

Earth Hour in California – Success or Bust?

Guest post by Russ Steele, NCWatch

At our house we set the timer to remind us to turn on all the visible out side lights.  We have multiple security lights on the garage and the barn that come on when the sun goes down. My friend George Rebane has evidence that he turned on his lights for Earth Hour at Ruminations. I should have done the same, but was working on a sea level issue in R and forgot. I am glad I set the timer to remind me to turn off the outside house lights at 9:30.

The real question is did it Earth Hour make a difference one way or the other?

Roger Sowell had a good idea, he download the the graph below from www.caiso.com, the California Independent System Operator.  CAISO is in charge of receiving power from power generating plants, and distributing the power throughout the state grid to the various end users.

earth_hour_3-28-09_caiso

California power use 3-28-09 from CAISO - Click for a larger Graphic

Now compare the graph from Saturday 3/28/09 to the one on Sunday 3/29/09 shown below, note the similar slopes during the same time period. Note that annotations were added by Anthony Watts on both graphs.

3-29-09_caiso

California power use 3-29-09 from CAISO - Click for a larger Graphic

Roger notes:

The light gray line is the forecasted power usage, shown in Megawatts.  The red line is the actual power consumed.  Around 1900 hours, 7 p.m., the load was approximately 24,000 MW.  By 8:00, the load increased smoothly to just over 26,000 MW.  Then the load began a steady decrease right on through the night, ending at around 22,000 MW at almost midnight.

There was no apparent decrease in the power load throughout the state, from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m.  No step changes, nothing, nada, zip, zilch.

There you have it, scientific data showing that the Earth Hour was a total bust in California.  If you look close, you can see a little bump up above the forecast demand, which tracked very closely with actual power consumed prior to the witching hour 8:30 to 9:30. But, it is clear that power consumption did not drop, it stayed up. Maybe all those protesters forgot to turn off the lights.

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Evan Jones

Memo to Jim Hansen:
LightsOut = 0!

Richard Heg

Since you are on the subject of California and climate is this for real?
“News that California may ban the sale of black cars for climate protection reasons raised the hackles of many a petrolhead yesterday.”
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2009/03/california-to-ban-sale-of-blac.html
REPLY: Sad but true

Evan Jones

Sad but true. (The premise seems to be that black cars require more air conditioning. But “auto-albedo” is the running joke.)

Evan Jones

Huh? Another moderator seems to have had the same exact words in mind.

It’s kind of amazing. Google News gives about 8,000 articles that were trying to hype the reduction during one lousy unproductive weekend hour, and the result is undetectable – probably less than 1%. Now predict the reduction of electricity not during one special unproductive hour but during many productive days, weeks, years, and decades.
It’s clearly impossible. People don’t turn the lights off even if they don’t need them. Forcing them to reduce energy consumption when they do is a utopia and a green military junta would really be the only setup to achieve such a result.

Richard Heg

The earth at night:
http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/image/0011/earthlights2_dmsp_big.jpg
You can see how dark Africa and other less developed regions are relative to population.
http://maps.howstuffworks.com/world-population-density-map.htm
then look at life expectancy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Life_Expectancy_2008_Estimates_CIA_World_Factbook.png

Julian Gall

I think this post misses the point. Earth Hour wasn’t about saving energy, it was a symbolic act to generate publicity and get people talking about it. This it has obviously done 🙂

Aron

You mean, in the state where lives the great martyrs of environmentalism, where they seek to ban black cars, where they seek to ban flat panel TVs, where the hippies founded paradise….they did not practice what they preach?
SHOCKED!
But what is this peculiar piece of propaganda…
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5jTPC5ic6tJh9PiHscwgOANkJ17-wD977R3400
They claim a resounding success, yet all we have evidence of mostly public buildings dimming some of their lights.
I had my lights off. How come all those Californians did not practice their Green Ramadan?

Jason A.

Richard Heg: so what, are you trying to say that leaving the lights on at night makes you live longer? That’s a pretty silly conclusion to draw, but I can’t think of any other point you could be trying to make, other than just linking to random graphs.
Anyways, I seem to think that people who thought earth hour was about making any kind of significant impact in energy usage are missing the point by a mile. Anyone who thinks leaving the lights off for one hour a year is an energy solution needs to sit down and shut up while the grown ups talk. And I don’t think much more highly about those who thought that was the point of earth hour, even though they knew it wouldn’t ‘work’.
It was an educational/attention-getting exercise, and ‘8,000 articles’ seems to indicate success.

UK Sceptic

Didn’t have any impact on this side of the pond (certainly not in my postage stamp of a village – too many hard working farmers and realists). Maybe it’s because all the hardcore eco-nut greenies have descended on London in anticipation of the G20 protest jamboree.
With any luck they’ll stay there…

Spam

If the entire world stopped using all forms of energy for one day….. then armageddon would be postponed by exactly one day.

Alan the Brit

Julian GAll:-)
I rcently received a You Tube clip from a relative all about the first Earth our. It was a little sickening for me in its pathos, but it did say that some 50 million people worldwide participated. Put another way that means that 5,950,000,000 people didn’t! I also point out that a large number of these people who “didn’t”, “couldn’t”, even if they wanted to, which I find a little patronising for them. I would like to see some numbers for this years efforts.
Also, fairly famous personality in UK was on the radio news Saturday morning, talking about the G20 protest about jobs, globalisation, & climate change. He rather let it out of the bag when he said that the ambition was to tell governments that the “people”, whoever they may be, no longer wanted this kind of politics. Reading between the lines that is ditch free-enterprise & capitalism, & adopt marxist-socialism I guess? The writing is in the wall!

smile4me2222

I read one article where some greenie casually mentioned how he charged up his laptop so he could run it on batteries during earth hour. You can’t make this stuff up.

John Levett

Jason A – what I get from Richard Heg’s post is a link between longevity and the technology by which it is sustained. That connection seems infinitely more plausible than that between ‘death trains’ and climate change don’t you think?

John Silver

” Richard Heg (22:42:57) :
Since you are on the subject of California and climate is this for real?
“News that California may ban the sale of black cars for climate protection reasons raised the hackles of many a petrolhead yesterday.””

Manfred

Jason A. (00:07:42)
i do support saving energy, however, a propaganda show to promote the global warming swindle is undoubtedly condemnable.

Richard Heg

“Jason A. (00:07:42) :
Richard Heg: so what, are you trying to say that leaving the lights on at night makes you live longer? That’s a pretty silly conclusion to draw, but I can’t think of any other point you could be trying to make, other than just linking to random graphs.”
Jason i did not comment further because i think the image i posted tells a million stories. For me the image of a dark Africa makes me think of how hard it is for children to get an education when they have to work during the day and have no light to read by night. Why would i think of that on a story relating to climate change? well because in my mind the resources and attention given to climate change takes away from more pressing human and environmental issues.
“It was an educational/attention-getting exercise, and ‘8,000 articles’ seems to indicate success.”
Yes i think you are right as an attention getting exercise it was successful however i think the AGW campaign has all the attention it needs. I am seeing a lot of attention getting exercises but not a lot of action, i am not bothered that there has not been much action because i don’t see AGW as a big problem, however the attention getting has damaged/has the potential to damage science and progress on more pressing environmental and human welfare issues.

PeterW

Well Jason, perhaps it’s all a bit too sophisticated for you light switch campaigners but a quick look at the correlation between the amount of light and life expectancy could have something to do with the difference between living in a hut burning animal dung for fuel and relying on a witch doctor to mend your ailing body and living in a modern climate controlled house with its hygienic waste disposal and access to modern medicine etc.
Just a thought.

Aron

Check out this piece of communist idiocy
http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2009/mar/28/green-future-carbon-emissions-climate
Though mass public transport will be the travel mode of choice, personal cars will remain. You might not own one yourself, instead borrowing from clubs when needed.
That’s called car hire. It has been around for decades.
Expect punishing taxes on plane tickets, tied to their carbon cost, to discourage flying unless there really is no alternative. In these situations, a personal carbon-rationing system, linked to national CO2 emissions targets, will allow individuals to emit a certain amount of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
Right, so we have to live on rations based on bad science. Get a clue, in a future full of clean abundant energy with energy security for all nations, the global warming scare will have fallen apart by then and so will the villianisation of CO2.
Bricks coated with solar paint will be held together with cement that soaks up CO2 from the air around it.
The brick, the cement and the solar paint have a limited volume. How can they soak up CO2 indefinitely?
Automatic controls will warm rooms only when needed and switch appliances and lights off when they’re not needed.
We’ve had them for years.
Our throwaway culture will disappear.
So no packaging, no bad products, no faulty products, no wear and tear?
Someone is being naive.
Products will be made to last
Therefore Apple will sell you a computer made to last, and then shut itself down. Levi’s will sell you jeans made to last, and then shut itself down. Sony will sell you a TV made to last, and then shut itself down. Tesla will make you a car built to last, and then shut itself down.
Naive.
Rain will be collected from home and office rooftops and filtered using carbon-free electricity so that it is drinkable. Any water drained away in a building will be recycled and treated locally to wash clothes or flush toilets. Bottled water will be banned.
This guy knows less about the human body and water than he does about everything else so far.
Drinking purified or distilled rain water washes electrolytes out of your body. This leaves you feeling depleted and unhealthy. Bottled mineral water does the opposite.
Food will come from local farms or factories to reduce the carbon cost of transport.
Yes, I can see it right now. Glaswegians will have to use chillies grown in Scotland despite the climate being wrong for chillies. Siberians will have to grow rice, tomatoes and potatoes in the freezing cold. All food trade routes will disappear but, hey, Ethiopia is a good place for Ethiopians to grow any food they need, right????
Meat lovers, because of their high-carbon diets, will have to use up their personal carbon rations whenever they bite into a steak or else make sure their food comes from local, sustainable farms that produce meat artificially.
Ah, those communist rations again.
Working class and poor people around the world rely on meat, of any quality, to make up for any deficiencies in the rest of their diet. Asking them to live on carbon rations is the same as asking them to take meat off their menu and substitute it for a low carbon alternative, which are all lower in protein. The quality of their health would decrease as a result.
This idea of personal carbon rations is elitist because only the rich can afford it. For them it is free because they interest they earn on their savings is enough to always buy more carbon credits. Everyone else pays through their teeth.
What would happen is that those elitists who try to impose such a system on others will meet the same fate as Nicolae Ceauşescu or Saddam Hussein.
They can be sure of that.

Jack Hughes

@Jason
The details of “earth hour” were actually so vague that people could claim success and failure at the same time.
Were we asked to just switch off the lights – or switch off everything ?
Was it supposed to make a big difference – or just be an empty gesture ?
Do we really need more “consciousness raising” ?
There is a real danger now of a backlash – people are just fed up of this sanctimonious posturing and will turn their backs on even the sensible parts of the eco-manifesto.

tallbloke

Julian Gall (23:37:57) :
I think this post misses the point. Earth Hour wasn’t about saving energy, it was a symbolic act

It is you who is missing the point. the graphs show how few took part in this symbolic act.

Dear Julian Gall, that’s a surprising statement of yours that the goal was publicity. I think that the publicity about global warming issues is huge. I think that none of us disagrees that there’s a lot of talk – and articles in newspapers – about global warming (non-)issues.
I personally estimate that this topic is being talked about roughly 1,000 times more frequently than what this non-problem would deserve. Well, you can try to increase the factor from 1,000 to 10,000. There can be not 30,000 Google News articles per month about “global warming” but 300,000. Articles on skeptical webs can be multiplied by 10, too. Is that the goal? What is it good for?
What people like me are saying is that this global warming talk has nothing to do with reality. If there is a man-made contribution to climate change, it is completely unspectacular and wouldn’t be worth 5 minutes of a sane person’s time in a sane world, except for a few specialists who are interested in this discipline as academicians. Ideas about decreasing the energy consumption by 50% or 80% (in the absence of a technological breakthrough similar to a miracle) are completely insane.
So this complete failure of the Earth Hour indeed shows that the global warming policies are what they are – inflated and meaningless talk by people who have lost all the contact with reality – the reality of thermometers and graphs showing the consumption of electricity or fuels. And I am confident that this insight – that this whole AGW industry is fraud and makes no sense – will be getting increasingly clear as people continue to talk about it.
So I think it is not really in the interest of the AGW ideologues to make people talk (and think) about this issue because the more they talk (and think), the more it is getting clear to them that this whole machinery is based on nonsense and lies, and the closer is the day when the main exponents of this megafraud (measured by the money they have earned from it) will be sitting in the jail because unlike the energy savings, the money that these people earn by saying untrue things at important places are real.

Merrick

“Richard Heg: so what, are you trying to say that leaving the lights on at night makes you live longer? That’s a pretty silly conclusion to draw, but I can’t think of any other point you could be trying to make, other than just linking to random graphs”
Jason A, what are you trying to say? That anthropogenic sources of CO2 are somehow linked to a trivial change in global temperature than can be almost completely explained by solar variability and nearly fraudulent manipulation of data that is incorrectly adjusted for urban heat island effect? That’s a pretty silly conclusion to draw. I can’t imagine any other point you’d be trying to make, other than just linking two random graphs.

Michael

We’ve just had a blackout in Sydney which left a big part of Downtown and some suburbs without power for several hours – less than two days after “Earth Hour”. Interesting comparison between the faux outage and a real one here :
http://blogs.news.com.au/heraldsun/andrewbolt/index.php/heraldsun/comments/now_thats_a_real_earth_hour_or_two/

Aron

Fear mongering about Britain’s rivers drying up and more talk of rationing an infinitely available resource
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2009/mar/29/environment-agency-water-household-bills

Mick J

Bit of a reality check in Sydney Australia although the twitter reports mentioned suggest that the more pragmatic are taking it in their stride. 🙂
“Some joked that the residents of Sydney were being punished for not switching off enough lights during Earth Hour on Saturday.”
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/australiaandthepacific/australia/5075408/Sydney-hit-by-massive-blackout.html
Thousands of homes and offices in the centre of Sydney have been left without power after four high voltage cables providing electricity to the city failed.
By Bonnie Malkin in Sydney
Last Updated: 9:52AM BST 30 Mar 2009
Sydney hit by massive blackout
The blackout struck at about 4.30pm, leaving dozens of office workers trapped in lifts and shutting down traffic lights at about 100 city-centre intersections.
Tens of thousands of homes in the east of Sydney were also hit by the blackout.
The power outage plunged the city into chaos as office workers attempted to make their way home.
Two major arterial roads, including the Sydney Harbour tunnel, were closed to traffic, and the city streets quickly became gridlocked.
Police flooded into the CBD to direct traffic and the emergency services responded to at least 40 calls from people stuck in lifts or relating to automatic fire alarms.
The train system, which runs on a separate power supply, kept running, but the Opera House was forced to cancel its performances for the evening.
Energy Australia said the blackout was caused by a fault that affected four high voltage cables. Power started returning to the city after about three hours.
The unfolding drama played out on micro-blogging site Twitter, with hundreds of people affected by the outage “tweeting” about their experiences http://search.twitter.com/search?q=Sydney+blackout.
Some joked that the residents of Sydney were being punished for not switching off enough lights during Earth Hour on Saturday.
Travel man http://twitter.com/ttravelman said: “Will have to work tonight fixing computer stuff related to the Sydney CBD Blackout”, while Simon Willis http://twitter.com/Simon_Willis remarked: “ sydney she loves a drama. choppers, alarms, fire brigage, ambulance. Just love it. Wish the blackout lasted all night and storms rolled in.”

Roger (not Sewell)

At my workplace, we received an edict from corporate headquarters on compliance with Earth Hour, presumably to shore up the company’s “green credentials”. Almost every single item on the list was stuff that we actually do every evening (and not just before the weekend), out of common sense rather than pseudo-religious credo.
Almost everything; normally, we do not bother to turn off the shredder because it’s “power on” LED and whatever else it does in stand by consumes only ~15 mW.
But this weekend, by corporate edict, we turned off the shredder too. So we saved 15 mW. Hooray.

Pat

“Lubos Motl (23:00:45) :
It’s clearly impossible. People don’t turn the lights off even if they don’t need them. Forcing them to reduce energy consumption when they do is a utopia and a green military junta would really be the only setup to achieve such a result.”
Maybe most people, but me, I do! I turn stuff off not in use because I don’t want some private, ex state-owned utility, ie, taxpayer funded utility sold off in the name of “efficiency”, to “cream” profits from me (Bills) for their share holders. Bugger that!
When I lived in New Zealand I lived in one of the poorest economic regions in the land, yet, *yet* it had *THE* most expensive unit price for electricity, in the land.
Earth Hour is tokenism, “indulgences” of old.

In Oslo my webcam did actually show less light pollution during the Earth Hour. Here’s a comparison:
http://voksenlia.net/nytt/2009/earthhour-20090328.gif
The pictures are 20 minutes apart. The clouds may have changed slightly and some lights would perhaps be switched off anyway, but the action is still likely to have reduced the lights somewhat. I wish Earth Hour would be about light pollution rather than about climate, though.

Dan Lee

I turned my lights off. It was kind of nice, actually, going off the grid for an hour.
I fired up the charcoal grill, lit a couple of kerosene lanterns, and instead of heat from the electric heater (which would have wasted electricity generated cleanly by our local nuclear power plant), I made a nice little campfire out back.
I think I dumped more carbon into the atmosphere in that one hour than I typically do in a whole week. I’ll have to do this more often.

Pat

“Jason A. (00:07:42) :
Anyways, I seem to think that people who thought earth hour was about making any kind of significant impact in energy usage are missing the point by a mile. Anyone who thinks leaving the lights off for one hour a year is an energy solution needs to sit down and shut up while the grown ups talk. And I don’t think much more highly about those who thought that was the point of earth hour, even though they knew it wouldn’t ‘work’.
It was an educational/attention-getting exercise, and ‘8,000 articles’ seems to indicate success.”
When people realise what they are “doing”, they will soon realise they are foolish.
Oh hang on, this is about saving the planet, climate change, climate chaos, global warming, climate pollution…all braught about by the 280ppm – 380ppm increase in CO2 emissions as a result of the industrial revolution (Thanks Britain), and burning fossil fuels. The mind boggles!

Graeme Rodaughan

Richard Heg (22:42:57) :
Since you are on the subject of California and climate is this for real?
“News that California may ban the sale of black cars for climate protection reasons raised the hackles of many a petrolhead yesterday.”
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2009/03/california-to-ban-sale-of-blac.html
REPLY: Sad but true

Excellent – the more this sort of rubbish happens, the more this will get up peoples noses – and the sooner the backlash begins.

Ron de Haan

This is important information.
No politician can refer to Earth Hour and say “The people asked for our “Green Policies”.
They don’t.
It looks like WWF once again is making a hype out of nothing.
Other hypes based on thin air:
Cause: Global Warming and melting ice causes Polar Bears to:
– drown
– travel large distances to find prey which is disturbing their energy balance
– lack of prey causes
– disappear as a species
WWF went through a development from environmental protection to a political movement.
Their “hog wash” stories about our climate and melting poles are copied and spread by our main stream media.
It looks if the people reject the political and environmental activist role of this organization.
People would like to see WWF return to the protection of the forests and the monkeys again.
Putting the money on the table for a WWF donation is one thing, switching off the lights on Earth Hour another.

pkatt

Heres a thought. If ya wanted to really dent energy consumption in cities, rather than turn the building lights off one hour a year, how about turning them off every night when empty… and how about killing every other street light? I wonder if there is a place to see how much energy your city uses for lighting power, ect. I bet its staggering:)
I meant to turn on the porch light, but I forgot:) You probably wouldnt have seen it passed the street light from space anyhow:)

I live in London, and looking out of my windows on Saturday evening I was happy to see that most houses in my neighbourhood were well-lit as usual. It was not noticeably different to any other Saturday night. However, this is a working class area where people care about the important things – e.g. being able to work and feed their families – but don’t give a toss, generally, about GW.
In the office this morning I asked several people if they had done anything for Earth Hour. Responses ranged from “No”, to “Earth what?” to “Oh yeah, I forgot it was on, but I was watching TV with the lights off, so does that count?”
In my circle of colleagues and neighbours, I seem to be easily the most “aware” of these things. Too bad I’m also an AGW sceptic. :o)

helvio

No, I don’t think «all those protesters forgot to turn off the light». They’re simply too small of a community! The problem is that they are damn too loud!

Tom in Florida

I notice how Earth hour was scheduled right at the time when usage usually goes down. Most likely to be able to say it had an effect, of course when you look at the graphs and the projected usage it really isn’t so, no suprise . For those who claim it was about symbolism, I say again that I am wearing my CO2 colored ribbon (which you cannot see or smell) but symbolically it shows I care. That and $0.10155 will get you 1 kwh at my house.

John

It looks like the effect was to cause the sharp drop in electricity which usually occurs when people go to bed — at 11 PM in the second graph — to be advanced to 10 PM in the second graph. So there was a difference, but only of one hour, and it occurred at a convenient time to turn the lights down. Symbolic but nothing else.

Mr Lynn

Richard Heg (22:42:57) :
Since you are on the subject of California and climate is this for real?
“News that California may ban the sale of black cars for climate protection reasons raised the hackles of many a petrolhead yesterday.”
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2009/03/california-to-ban-sale-of-blac.html

I posted a reply to that article:

Talk about tilting at windmills! There is absoilutely NO EVIDENCE that man-made CO2 is causing any ‘global warming’, and LOTS of evidence that it isn’t. Indeed, the hypothesis born of models has been abundantly falsified. It’s a chimera designed to bankrupt the West, and it sounds like the politicians in California are falling for it, hook, line, and sinker.
CO2 is a trace gas in the atmosphere and essential for life.
CO2 is good for plants, good for the Earth, and good for you!

/Mr Lynn

papertiger

we bought extra lights for climate Ramadan, and we were’t alone. I did a spot count of the neighborhood from the porch. There were more places lit up on Earth day, 85, then the night before, 79.
I think I’ll compare Friday night to Saturday next week and see if it is a general occurance.
Were the planet groaners sitting this one out, and the extra illumination due to a few more folks staying home on Saturday night , or did we get 6 extra counter protest lamps?
Those are the two possibilities. Either which way North Highlands boycotted Smerf day.

Spathirin

I agree with jason. Humans don’t need to see in the dark. Why would we? It’s not like seeing in the dark is beneficial to our health. What, are we walking down stairs now? Are we living in places filled with poisonous night-active animals? No!

Joseph

Lubos Motl (23:00:45) :
“It’s clearly impossible. People don’t turn the lights off even if they don’t need them. Forcing them to reduce energy consumption when they do is a utopia and a green military junta would really be the only setup to achieve such a result.”
No Lubos, no junta necessary. That is what the smart grid will accomplish, whereby power could be selectively denied on a customer by customer basis should the demand exceed the supply. http://www.oe.energy.gov/smartgrid.htm
Electrical power demand is expected to double in the next twenty years, requiring an additional 550 new large coal-fired power plants to meet the demand. If those new plants aren’t built, rolling blackouts (on a selective smart-grid basis) are inevitable.

Aron
PTC Denizen

Jason A. It was a pretty transparent point if you ask me. The areas that are lit at night, showing up vividly on the world view, are also the areas with the highest longevity rate. I think this very easy point is that electrical usage is an indicator of advancement and longer and safer lives. And yes, you can equate the lack of change of electrical usage as a success because people talked of it anyway, but it is a calloused way to look at life and will not serve them forever.

Bernie

How do you know the publicity stunt worked? That the WWF and assorted environmental groups were able to generate “8000” pot banging articles proves that WWF and assorted environmental groups can generate “8000” pot banging articles, nothing more. If there had been a measurable decrease in energy usage during that hour, then we certainly would have heard about it. Using Lubos flamboyant descriptior, the green military junto is talking to itself and trying to legitimate its current and future actions.

Mike from Canmore

Richard Heg:
Nice point.
Jason A’s point suggests to me many people don’t realize how important the energy called electricity is to extending life. It also tells me many people have become too used to its convenience. Something, 3rd world countries have yet to realize on a mass basis.
Regards

Dan

The cynic within me says that the Earth Hour people looked at the graphs ahead of time and chose the hour to match the normal decline after 8 PM, hoping that gullible media types wouldn’t look too closely and report that the protest caused the power use to decline.

Pierre Gosselin
Joel

I’m just glad the “day ahead demand forecast” didn’t show a steep drop for the hour. It’s kinda like they knew it wasn’t going to work anyway. I wish certain other people could be that conservative in their forecasting. 🙂

eo

It might be more realistic to compare March 28 demand with March 21 and possibly the demand on April 4. The Staurday energy using routines are normally different from Fridays and Sundays. What was the energy demand trend the other states of the US , the provinces of Canada and the EU countries ? Could there be an inverse pattern with like California the most environmentally conscious state ignoring Earth day while maybe surprises from other states? Did somebody check Hansen’s delectricity demand?