# Could the Perspectives of Cowtan and Way Negate RSS’s 17 Year Pause? (Now Includes all October Data except Hadcrut)

WoodForTrees.org – Paul Clark – Click the pic to view at source

Image Credit: WoodForTrees.org

Guest Post By Werner Brozek, Edited By Just The Facts

In reference to my previous article RSS Reaches Santer’s 17 Years, and taking into account the good work already done in analyzing Cowtan and Way by Steve McIntyre, Judith Curry, Bob Tisdale, David Whitehouse, and Christopher Monckton, I will focus on one of Cowtan and Way’s methods, which used UAH satellite data to infill missing HadCRUT4 data.

In a nutshell, what Cowtan and Way have done is use the HadCRUT4 data, which covers 84% of the globe, and combine it with UAH data which covers much more of the globe. They have attempted to show what HadCRUT4 would show as a slope if a greater part of the globe could be accounted for by HadCRUT4. Their conclusion was that the warming over the last 16 years would be 2.5 times larger with more extensive global coverage. The main areas where HadCRUT4 is weak is the polar areas and parts of Africa. However it seems as if they did not have many issues with the African coverage nor with the Antarctic coverage. But it seems as if it is in the Arctic where they perceive the problems to lie. Apparently the Arctic has warmed up eight times faster than the rest of the globe over the last 16 years and HadCRUT4 does not reflect that.

What does all this have to do with RSS? Since it is the Arctic that is the issue, I will focus on how well RSS covers this area. RSS covers up to latitude 82.5 degrees. With the circumference of Earth being about 40,000 km, the distance from 82.5 to 90 would be 7.5/90 x 10,000 = 830 km. So the area in the north NOT covered is pir^2 = 2.16 x 10^6 km2. Dividing this by the area of the earth, 5.1 x 10^8 km2, we get about 0.42% NOT covered by RSS for the portion relevant to our discussion. As a fraction, this is about 1/230 of the area of the earth. So for argument sake, let us assume that this 1/230 warmed up more than other parts over the last 17 years. How would that change the length of The Pause according to RSS?

The slope for RSS over the last 17.0 years is -0.00012/year. So over the last 17 years, the rest of the globe would have cooled by 0.00012 x 17 = 0.0020 degrees C. And if that portion of the Arctic not covered by RSS were to make up for this, it would have had to warm by 0.0020 x 230 = 0.46 C. Is this possible? I do not think we can rule it out.

If we take the RSS slope for shorter times than 17 years, the slope gets more negative with each passing month for a year. What happens if we use the slope for 16 years and 11 months? That slope is -0.000444/year. In 16 years and 11 months, that amounts to a decrease of 0.0075 C. If the area north of latitude 82.5 were to make up for this, it would have had to warm up by 0.0075 x 230 = 1.7 C over this time period. I could be wrong, but I do not think this could have happened.
My conclusion is that even if we had accurate data to the north pole, it may have pushed the 17.0 years back a month, or possibly two months at the very most. When we get the RSS data for November, it may well show a pause of 17 years and one or two months. If that is the case, then Cowtan and Way will have negligible implications for RSS. Furthermore, it will make the discrepancy between HadCRUT4 and RSS become larger that it already is.

Now I will provide an explanation of the four trend lines in the graph at the head of this article. The slightly downward sloping line is the trend for RSS since 1997. The slightly upward sloping line is the trend line for HadCRUT4 since 1997. The steeply upward sloping blue line is the trend line one gets by applying the analysis of Cowtan and Way to the HadCRUT4 data. The yellow trend line is for UAH since 1997.

GISS and HadCRUT4 treat missing data in opposite ways, yet both have very similar times for a pause in the warming: GISS is at 12 years and 6 months and HadCRUT4 is at 12 years and 10 months. If Cowtan and Way are correct, I would have expected the difference between GISS and HadCRUT4 to have been much larger.

In the sections below, we will present you with the latest facts. The information will be presented in two sections. The first section will show for how long there has been no warming on several data sets. The second section will show for how long there has been no statistically significant warming on several data sets.

Section 1

This analysis uses the latest month for which data is available on WoodForTrees.com (WFT). All of the data on WFT is also available at the specific sources as outlined below. We start with the present date and go to the furthest month in the past where the slope is a least slightly negative. So if the slope from September is 4 x 10^-4 but it is – 4 x 10^-4 from October, we give the time from October so no one can accuse us of being less than honest if we say the slope is flat from a certain month.
On all data sets below, the different times for a slope that is at least very slightly negative ranges from 5 years and 5 months to an even 17 years.
1. For GISS, the slope is flat since May 2001 or 12 years, 6 months. (goes to October)
2. For Hadcrut3, the slope is flat since May 1997 or 16 years, 5 months. (goes to September)
3. For a combination of GISS, Hadcrut3, UAH and RSS, the slope is flat since December 2000 or 12 years, 11 months. (goes to October)
4. For Hadcrut4, the slope is flat since December 2000 or 12 years, 10 months. (goes to September)
5. For Hadsst3, the slope is flat since November 2000 or an even 13 years. (goes to October)
6. For UAH, the slope is flat since June 2008 or 5 years, 5 months. (goes to October using version 5.5)
7. For RSS, the slope is flat since November 1996 or an even 17 years. (goes to October) RSS has reached Ben Santer’s 17 years.

The next graph shows just the lines to illustrate the above for what can be shown. Think of it as a sideways bar graph where the lengths of the lines indicate the relative times where the slope is 0. In addition, the sloped wiggly line shows how CO2 has increased over this period.

WoodForTrees.org – Paul Clark – Click the pic to view at source

When two things are plotted as I have done, the left only shows a temperature anomaly.

The actual numbers are meaningless since all slopes are essentially zero and the position of each line is merely a reflection of the base period from which anomalies are taken for each set. No numbers are given for CO2. Some have asked that the log of the concentration of CO2 be plotted. However WFT does not give this option. The upward sloping CO2 line only shows that while CO2 has been going up over the last 17 years, the temperatures have been flat for varying periods on various data sets.

The next graph shows the above, but this time, the actual plotted points are shown along with the slope lines and the CO2 is omitted.

WoodForTrees.org – Paul Clark – Click the pic to view at source

Section 2

For this analysis, data was retrieved from Nick Stokes moyhu.blogspot.com. This analysis indicates for how long there has not been statistically significant warming according to Nick’s criteria. Data go to their latest update for each set. In every case, note that the lower error bar is negative so a slope of 0 cannot be ruled out from the month indicated.

On several different data sets, there has been no statistically significant warming for between 16 and 20 years.

The details for several sets are below.

For UAH: Since November 1995: CI from -0.001 to 2.500
For RSS: Since December 1992: CI from -0.011 to 1.950
For Hadcrut4: Since August 1996: CI from -0.006 to 1.358
For Hadsst3: Since March 1994: CI from -0.020 to 1.711
For GISS: Since June 1997: CI from -0.032 to 1.283

Conclusion

Due to the extensive coverage that RSS already has in the Arctic, a similar analysis of Cowtan and Way on RSS would have little impact on the length of the pause as shown by RSS. However it does make the discrepancy between RSS and HadCRUT4 even wider than it is at the present time. On the other hand, the new trend line gets closer to UAH. What would have happened if they had used RSS instead of UAH?

## 53 thoughts on “Could the Perspectives of Cowtan and Way Negate RSS’s 17 Year Pause? (Now Includes all October Data except Hadcrut)”

1. Man Bearpig says:

Let me get this right … Prior to Cowtran and Way previous global temperature systems like Hadcrut were, to coin a phrase, comparing apples with apples – where temp t2 was compared against temp t1, now they add some oranges to the mix so we can compare apples with apples + oranges!

Surely, if the previous results from the data sets were compared against earlier results, that would be a reasonable comparison. But they want to add UAH to the mix to get what? A result they were looking for?

Surely they just need to look at UAH if they want to see what the last 15 years have been like ‘globally’ ??

2. Mark Bofill says:

Thanks Werner. Personally, I think the hype about ‘pause busting’ is just that. PR hype. I’ve read some of the criticisms of the paper, and I don’t make the paper out to be complete rubbish. I think it’s probably decent work that’s being trumpeted by the AGW faithful as something with much more significance than it’s actually got.

3. Ivan says:

Anyone sharing my feeling that the ‘apjustment’ of the RSS record is imminent?

4. David in Cal says:

Do I understand this right? HadCRUT4 alone shows a pause, and RSS alone shows a pause. Yet, a combination of the two shows a rise in temperature.

5. Werner Brozek says:

David in Cal says:
November 20, 2013 at 9:24 am
Do I understand this right? HadCRUT4 alone shows a pause, and RSS alone shows a pause. Yet, a combination of the two shows a rise in temperature.
All data sets show pauses of various lengths as shown in Section 1 of this report. As well: “3. For a combination of GISS, Hadcrut3, UAH and RSS, the slope is flat since December 2000 or 12 years, 11 months. (goes to October)”

Keep in mind that Cowtan and Way combined UAH with HadCRUT4, not RSS.
However an interesting question that could be asked is for what period of time their combination of UAH and HadCRUt4 would be flat.
Interestingly enough, from information I got else where, Kevin Cowtan is the Kevin C who came up with the trend calculator that I used to use at
http://www.skepticalscience.com/trend.php

It would be interesting to have him come up with a means to answer that question and include two sigma error bars.

6. John says:

If we are going to use data from the satellites, shouldn’t we just use the entire satellite record (RSS or UAH it matters not to me), as opposed to mixing and matching with Hadcrut? Mixing and matching comes dangerously close to cherry picking, doesn’t it? If UAH is good enough for the Arctic, for Cowtan and Way, shouldn’t the whole UAH record be good enough?

7. Ben Wouters says:

The deep oceans have cooled ~18K over the last 84 million years.
Can we have a discussion about The Pause when they have warmed back ~18K and refuse to warm further?
Makes more sense to me than this going back and forth about a little warming/cooling while we’re in the midst of a series of ice ages.

8. Mark Bofill says:

Werner says

Interestingly enough, from information I got else where, Kevin Cowtan is the Kevin C who came up with the trend calculator that I used to use at
http://www.skepticalscience.com/trend.php

More SKS links. These guys certainly keep questionable company in my book for objective scientists I know doesn’t prove anything just sayin.

9. john robertson says:

Data manufactured from no data is an increasingly necessary miracle as a cult implodes.

10. GlynnMhor says:

It remains that 2.5 times almost zero is still almost zero.

So even if the analysis is correct, it is nowhere near enough to rescue their hypotheses about CO2 causing major warming.

11. Grant says:

The Pause being simple to understand and simple to convey to laypeople necessitates its debunking by AGWers by any statistical back flipping necessary. This is the beginning if the full court press to have “studies” that contradict the lack of warming. They know that mist people won’t read nor understand their processes for arriving at their conclusions. The intellectually dishonest have been doing this for years in every subject.

12. Bill Illis says:

Let’s make another connection here.

What do the authors of the study, “Kevin C” Cowtan, and Robert Way, have in common with Dana Nuccitelli and John Cook.

They are all part of the Skeptical Science team.

http://www.skepticalscience.com/team.php

I don’t think we have to take the paper seriously anymore.

13. dmh says:

Has anyone taken their results for the area that RSS has coverage but UAH does not, and compared? Seems to me if their methodology is valid, it should be confirmed by RSS measurements where there is RSS data for areas calculated by C and W by extrapolating from UAH.

14. Steve from Rockwood says:

This post doesn’t make much sense to me, or at least the logic seems seriously flawed. If temperature coverage for RSS extends to 82.5 degrees latitude then why not just show the average temperature around that latitude for the past 16 years. If the temperature change in this region is not increasing in the most northerly region for which we have measurements then how could anyone justify increases from 82.5 to 90.0 where there are no measurements?

Also, for Antarctica, I can only imagine the temperature from 82.5 to 90.0 would lead to lower temperatures if integrated into the data set. After all at 9,200 ft asl isn’t it the coldest and driest place on earth?

With parts of Africa I seem to recall a post that shows how ugly the data sets are in that region.

Show the change in temperature at latitude 82.5 degrees for the past 16 years and let’s get it over with.

15. Scott Basinger says:

“I don’t think we have to take the paper seriously anymore.”

I have to strongly disagree with that statement. It doesn’t matter who the authors are, as long as their results are repeatable and are in line with measurements in nature. It’s a valuable paper even if it’s proven wrong, it’s still based on a pretty good idea. Satellites have a difficult time with measurements in the Arctic regions, and there are too few surface thermometers to measure.

Given that he’s part of the SkS (the message is more important than the science) crew tells me that we should remain skeptical while the results are carefully audited to see if this is really a science paper or something that was pursued to further a specific political agenda.

In either case it’s a great idea and a valuable contribution.

16. Mark Bofill says:

Scott,

Given that he’s part of the SkS (the message is more important than the science) crew tells me that we should remain skeptical while the results are carefully audited to see if this is really a science paper or something that was pursued to further a specific political agenda.

Well spoken, agreed. I’m not going to convict anybody based on the company they keep, but I certainly do believe in ‘profiling’, and yep, the SKS association means extra scrutiny is merited in my book.

The paper doesn’t seem to have much credibility in light of the recent increases in both Arctic and Antarctic ice and record cold temps in Alaska (-80 F), the Canadian Arctic and Siberia as well as the all-time record cold at the Russian Pole of Inaccessibility station in East Antarctica of -140 F two years ago.

David in Cal’;s point is well taken – the same sort of reversal of regression slope can be demonstrated with many data sets. This is actually a time-tested method of fudging data. It may have also been used by the US Census Bureau to falsify unemployment figures in October 2012, with a view to rigging the 2012 presidential election.

18. Duster says:

Steve from Rockwood says:
November 20, 2013 at 10:30 am

Steve, you are neglecting a critical variable: scientific ego. Very few scientists get much monetary reward for their work, not even government scientists. They live comfortably but I doubt that many, if any, fall in the “1%.” Science is a “mine’s better than yours” game. We get technological progress when that “better” has an objectively measurable definition, say “980.665 cm/sec^2.” That is useful and allows non-scientists to make reasonable, accurate quantitative inferences about a specific process. But…

Modern science, largely from the 1970s on, has gradually disavowed “utility” as a metric of “better.” Terminology from literary criticism, art, and “post-modernist” philosophy has gradully crept in. You words see “heuristics,” “marxist critique (or) perspective,” “post(modern, normal, processual),” being used as if they are useful means of communicating something other than that essential “mine’s better.” Worse, that “better” becomes increasingly economically, socially and politically defined. It is no longer a “universal” that has the same meaning to everyone with access to the reasoning. Scientists are now “free to follow their conscience.” They can now be activists, heroically (in their own minds) battling to save humanity from itself. It is not a meaningless bit of humour to see alarmists posing in “superhero” outfits. They see themselves that way. It justifies in their minds many extraordinary actions and outright monstrous opinions, such as the criminal actions of Peter Gleick, calls for the criminalization of [d-word] and sceptics, and even for executions of the same. “Better” has come to mean, “what we advocate.” That attitude justifies using only that data that supports your position.

19. “In a nutshell, what Cowtan and Way have done is use the HadCRUT4 data, which covers 84% of the globe, and combine it with UAH data which covers much more of the globe. “

I think it’s oversimplifying to say they combine the two. They are infilling HADCRUT 4, which is to say they are improving on what is currently done, which is to simply omit the missing grid cells. Omitting has the same effect as giving them the average of the remainder – ie the global average. It’s better to make a replacement that uses some knowledge of how neighboring cells are behaving.

They interpolate by kriging, and enhance this by using the form of the UAH data. They subtract UAH, or a multiple, krige, and then add in what they subtracted. RSS has a similar form, and would probably give similar result. They used UAH because that leaves a smaller gap.

They do it that way because kriging is stochastic interpolation, and works best if any non-random (structural, secular) component is removed. Subtracting another dataset can do that.

20. Doug Proctor says:

Cowtan and Way have shown that the “global” warming is actually very regional warming.

The appropriate analysis is about regionality in the global temperatures history. The CAGW story is that the lower atmosphere heats first and then transfers this heat to the rest of the planetary surface and near surface. In order for the Arctic to warm so much more, there has to be a heat reallocation process going on. Determination of that process will show where that heat originates, and if it is not worldwide, then we have a regional “global” problem that is clearly not CO2.

Regionality is the characteristic of solar, clouds and oceanic cycles. We need to investigate this as a possible explanation for the “global” warming, a truth, but a Computational Truth only.

21. Bill Illis says:

Nick Stokes says:
November 20, 2013 at 11:24 am
——————————————
Sounds complicated.

Maybe it would be more accurate to say they gave it the Skeptical Science treatment.

22. Steve from Rockwood says:

@Duster. I totally agree. I’ve given up on the climate science industry. But let’s appeal to sceptics. It is almost impossible to properly deconstruct what Cowtan & Way have done (maybe they are counting on that). But it should be easy to disprove the statement that all the warming is coming from the unmeasured portion of the Arctic. If RSS is continuous to 82.5 degrees you should see a gradual increase in temperature toward the pole over the past 17 years. Specifically 82.5 degrees will have warmed more relative to 82.25 which will have warmed more relative to 82.0 and so on. If there isn’t a warming trend toward the pole in the known data, there cannot be warmer temperatures in the unmeasured portion from 82.5 – 90.0.

Normally I would just throw my hands in the air if someone claimed that the answer changes when you take into account areas that have no measurements, but anything can happen in climate science.

23. William Astley says:

The pause in warming is one of nine anomalies (I have stopped looking for and counting the anomalies as there is no point, the CAGW theory is incorrect, AGW is incorrect, the CO2 forcing mechanism saturates, there is sufficient data now to understand why the CO2 forcing mechanism saturates and to understand what inhibited the cosmic ray flux modulation of planetary cloud cover post 2000) that supports the assertion that the majority of the warming in the last 70 years was caused by solar magnetic cycle changes rather than the increase in atmospheric CO2.

The warmists have ignored the following nine anomalies: 1) the pattern of warming observed in the last 70 years (majority of warming is in high latitude regions) does not match the CO2 forcing pattern (CO2 forcing mechanism is the greatest in the region where there is the most amount of long wave radiation emitted to space prior to the increase in CO2 which is the tropics, the tropical region was not warmed, see Bob Tisdale’s graph) , 2) the complete lack of tropical tropospheric warming which explains the complete lack of warming in the tropics, 3) there are periods of millions of years when CO2 was high and the planet was cold and vice versa, CO2 does not correlate with planetary temperature changes, 4) there are cycles of warming and cooling in the past that correlate with solar magnetic cycle changes both hemispheres, 5) there was a reduction in low level planetary cloud cover (warms planet less sunlight reflected to space) and an increase in cirrus cloud cover (wispy high altitude clouds that warm the planet particularly in winter in high latitude regions due to the greenhouse affect) in the high latitude regions where the warming occurred, 6) the solar magnetic cycle activity in the last 70 years was the highest in 8000 years, 7) the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheet anomaly (which occurred during the last 70 years and has occurred cyclically in the past during one of the cyclic warming periods and that can be explained by solar magnetic cycle modulation of planetary clouds, no other competing viable explanation), 340 cyclic warming and cooling periods in the Antarctic peninsula data which follow the same periodicity of warming and cooling that is observed in the Northern hemisphere, 8) 6000 years of data that shows the solar magnetic cycles high and low and the planet warms and cools following the cycles, 9) there has been no warming during the 17 year period when there was the largest and most rapid increase in CO2, and so on.

We are nearing the end of the era of ‘CAGW fanaticism’. The planet is about to abrupt cool (there is the start of observed cooling which indicates the mechanism that was inhibiting the cosmic ray flux modulation of planetary cloud cover has almost cleared) due to the solar magnetic cycle change which is very interesting from a scientific standpoint and from the standpoint of the climate wars as it becomes obvious the planet is abruptly cooling.

24. JP says:

If we just assume that the authors are correct, and the greatest amount of global warming occurred in the polar regions, then we are still left with a rather obvious problem: What about the Tropical Mid-Tropesphere? According to the AGW theory, if the warming is due to high concentrations of CO2, then the mid-troposphere within the tropics should show an obvious hot-spot. This has never been the case, however. This creates a serious problem; either the theories are wrong, or the authors are wrong. Or both.

25. Tonyb says:

Like others here mention, if UAH is so comprehensive why not just use it instead of the complex hybrid they have decided to Create?

Tonyb

26. Tonyb says:

Nick stokes

Do you not think that the hundreds of scientists at the met office would already have used the Cowtan and Way method if they thought it would improve hadcrut?

They have been at this game for 150 years and whilst I may disagree with some of their interpretations they are not daft or impervious to change in order to make their products better

Tonyb

27. Werner Brozek says:

Steve from Rockwood says:
November 20, 2013 at 10:30 am
If temperature coverage for RSS extends to 82.5 degrees latitude then why not just show the average temperature around that latitude for the past 16 years.

Good points!

I was sent the following by justthefacts:

It shows that the region from 60.0 to 82.5 warmed at a rate of 0.327 K/decade from 1979 to the present. In the same period of time, globally, the change has been 0.127 K/decade.

Of course, this 0.127 includes the 60.0 to 82.5 part. So it would be lower without that part. But before it is worthwhile calculating how much lower it would be, we need to know a number of things:
1. Over what time period are the polar regions increasing 8 times faster than the rest of the globe?
2. Exactly what areas do Cowtan and Way consider in their calculations? For example, Judith Curry says:
“Hence, the importance of sorting out exactly what is going on in the Arctic Ocean and why is of outsized importance relative to its 2.8% effect.”
While Dr. David Whitehouse says:
“Given that Antarctica shows no overall warming and that the missing Arctic region is a very small section, about 6 per cent, of the globe, it is curious, perhaps even a fluke that such a small region of the Earth has come to the rescue of climate science from the undermining ‘pause?’”

So unless we know the answers to the above two questions, it is hard to go too far. And suppose we find that they just used the Arctic circle for example, do we have a data set that gives this information?
But in the end, are they really doing any more than rearranging chairs on the Titanic?

28. jorgekafkazar says:

“It would be interesting to have him come up with a means to answer that question and include two sigma error bars.” –Werner Brozek

“Error bars? We ain’t got no error bars! We don’t need no error bars. I don’t have to show you any stinkin’ error bars!” –Various Climate “Scientists”

29. Tonyb says: November 20, 2013 at 12:37 pm
“Do you not think that the hundreds of scientists at the met office would already have used the Cowtan and Way method if they thought it would improve hadcrut?”

I have to say that I’m surprised that they don’t try to improve on just omitting the cells from the average. Kriging etc is rather fancy, but even just using latitude averages for empty cells goes a long way. Works for NOAA too.

30. Jimbo says:

After all these years it amazes me that we are still having problems measuring the temperature. It’s funny how Warmists now insist that global surface temps are not that important. Yet earlier they told us it was important. CAGW, remember? The animated reddening global surface temperature throughout the 21st century.

Even if the global surface temps fell 1C they would argue that we are warming dangerously – but it went hiding where we can’t find it.

31. Tonyb says:

Nick stokes

I am no apologist for the met office but there are a huge number of very highly qualified scientists there working in a state of the art environment.

If they thought hadcrut would be improved by the methods you suggest I am sure they have tried it but discarded it as being inferior to their existing methods.

Tonyb

32. Mike Maguire says:

What this shows is that the highest latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere warmed significantly during the period covered. It says nothing about CO2 or climate on a global scale other than the Arctic is tiny part of the planet. This is a regional event and should be studied more.

No question that there was massive amounts of ice melt in this regional warming event as cooberating evidence that it really did happen.

Something similar happened in the past with a double temperature peak in the 1920’s and 1940’s.
http://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/11/19/new-paper-arctic-temperatures-peaked-before-1950-declining-since/

This is very intriguing. It apparently did NOT effect the Antarctic(highest latitudes in the S.Hemisphere).

Also, adding to the intrigue is the huge downward spike in temperatures and gain in ice(less ice melt) in 2013 in the Arctic this year.

Has the Arctic turned the corner, at least for the next several years? What force of nature is causing the Arctic to warm in this manner. The occurrence of a similar warming before the 1950’s, rules in Nature with high confidence(though humans could have played some role in the recent warm up)

33. Mike Maguire says:

Corroborating

34. David Riser says:

Werner Brozek says:

November 20, 2013 at 12:42 pm

Steve from Rockwood says:
November 20, 2013 at 10:30 am
If temperature coverage for RSS extends to 82.5 degrees latitude then why not just show the average temperature around that latitude for the past 16 years.

Good points!

I was sent the following by justthefacts:

_________________________________________________________________

The 1979 date looks very cherry picked, yes I realize that is the start date for the dataset. I would suspect some silliness involved in the beginning of that time frame. After the first few years there is very little trend in that measurement. Most likely just looking at the last 17 years will show some trend but I doubt it will show 8x warming.

35. George Steiner says:

If there is no warming, but the CO2 is increasing, the question to ask is not where the missing heat is. But that may be there is no heat! That the CO2 back radiation warming is fiction.

36. George Steiner says:
November 20, 2013 at 5:35 pm
That the CO2 back radiation warming is fiction.

I do not agree that it is fiction. I believe the effect is logarithmic and by now the atmosphere is so saturated that any additional CO2 has very little additional affect. And things like a quiet sun can totally mask and counter the effects of additional CO2.

37. Brian H says:

Because there’s no actual data, K&W are free to imagine anything they want there. No data = no proof or disproof. The absence of a warm anomaly gradient in the nearest latitudes is suspicious, however!

38. SkepticGoneWild says:

Bill Illis says:
November 20, 2013 at 10:25 am:

Let’s make another connection here.

What do the authors of the study, “Kevin C” Cowtan, and Robert Way, have in common with Dana Nuccitelli and John Cook.

They are all part of the Skeptical Science team.

http://www.skepticalscience.com/team.php

I don’t think we have to take the paper seriously anymore

I cannot agree more. I urge WUWT readers to read the the latest Climate Audit post and comments, “Behind the SKS Curtain” (http://climateaudit.org/2013/11/20/behind-the-sks-curtain/#more-18621), and the post previous to that,: “Cowtan and Way 2013”. Robert Way is the guy who in the allegedly hacked SKS “secret” forums, called McIntyre a “conspiracy wackjob”. Those on the Skeptical Science “team” obviously support John Cook and the activities of SKS. They are advocates, pure and simple. WUWT readers are no stranger to the shenanigans of John Cook and SKS..

If Robert Way and Kevin Cowtan want to be taken seriously as a scientists, they need to disassociate themselves from the vitriolic SKS agendists. In this case “guilt by association” rings true. Their work cannot be trusted.

39. SkepticGoneWild says:

I would also add that Robert Way was co-author of the SkS consensus project paper, “Quantifying the Consensus on Anthropogenic Global Warming in the Scientific Literature”, along with John Cook and Dana Nuccitelli. That speaks volumes.

40. RoHa says:

Well, this won’t help me to prophesy DOOM.e

41. Mike Smith says:

Nick Stokes says:
I think it’s oversimplifying to say they combine the two. They are infilling HADCRUT 4, which is to say they are improving on what is currently done…

They are infilling, but not with measured data. They’re infilling with modeled data. Not only are such processes highly prone to bias, but additional skepticism is in order considering the fact that the models are what created this whole AGW fustercluck in the first place.

The most consistent thing about climate is the inaccuracy of the climate models.

So I seriously doubt the methodology. But even if one accepts it at face value, the significance is rather small as Werner Brozek has shown.

42. Richard M says:

One thing I have not seen mentioned is that we really shouldn’t be appending this stuff to Hadcrut4 since prior to 1979 there are as many or more holes in the data. In fact, one could argue that if the Arctic warming claims are true there needs to additional warming added to the 1920-1940s time period. This has been further enhanced by the recent Arctic proxies showing these periods were warmer. They either need to recreate an entire history of Hadcrut4 or none at all.

Now, since they have no data we know this is impossible. So, I guess like Harry we can just make it up. What they have done is open up an argument that the early 20th century could have been warmer than today.

43. Mike Smith says: November 20, 2013 at 7:13 pm
“They are infilling, but not with measured data. They’re infilling with modeled data.”

No, there is no modelled data involved. They make a hybrid using UAH and kriging, which is an interpolation, but the UAH is subtracted out, tho it leaves some effect.

44. MikeN says:

I don’t think you’ve calculated your missing area properly. You need to calculate the surface area not pi r^2.

45. Mike Smith says:

Nick Stokes says:
No, there is no modelled data involved. They make a hybrid using UAH and kriging, which is an interpolation, but the UAH is subtracted out, tho it leaves some effect.

Yep, modeled.

46. It’s very difficult to take anything Robert Way say’s or produces in a paper at face value when he was part of the 97% Consensus paper. What was this guy, who claims he is a serious scientist, thinking about when getting involved with that. All his future work will now be tainted. Nothing he produces in future will be of any real value unless it is thoroughly audited.

That’s not to say he will not be able to produce something of value in future, but he has now put himself in a very very difficult position. He could help himself greatly by denouncing his links to, and involvement with, SS.

47. Nick Stokes

“No modelled data involved”

LOL

48. Werner Brozek says:

MikeN says:
November 20, 2013 at 10:55 pm
I don’t think you’ve calculated your missing area properly. You need to calculate the surface area not pi r^2.

Thank you for your comment. I was well aware of the fact that the earth is a sphere so pir^2 is not the most accurate way of doing things. And I certainly would not have used that if I had to go to latitude 60. However I felt that assuming north of 82.5 would be flat was appropriate for my purposes.

49. Andy Hurley says:

As a complete and total ignoramus on all of these matters ,I have spent the last 6 hours reading various reports ,hardly a huge amount of time given the financial repercussions of blind acceptance of the IPCC party line.
I have been sceptical of much of the science involved having lived through the various catastrophes which should have killed off billions of us by now ,aids, Jacob kreutsfield disease, swine flu, zero oil predicted in the 70.s as being used up by 2000, the millennium crisis, Bird flu ,etc etc .Not that I have become in any way cynical you might understand , but I do tend to reserve opinion until absolute proof has been provided. That is the point that I have been at for the past 10 or so years , waiting for the absolute proof .Instead of which as a rational sceptic , I have been harangued,shouted down and declared a poor blind fool by the militants of AGW who I can only assume might have been Druids in a previous life so strong is their quasi religious fervour to embrace “greenness”.
As a simpleton , I cannot grasp the “pause” ….. I put a kettle on to boil , it boils, it continues to boil until I remove the heat, it boils until all the water is out of the kettle and the kettle burns! So ,in my extremely uncomplicated way of thinking, if CO2 ,is the enemy, the catalyst ,the green house toxic asset, and it has increased , unchecked throughout the last 20 years ,then there can be no decrease in the overall worldwide temperature, there can be no staying the same either ,cause and effect !
I am sure that many learned gentlemen /ladies can point out the fallacy of my very basic understanding of the laws of thermal dynamics ,but I am inclined to believe that there are several other macro , perhaps cosmic events, which offer a deeper understanding of our weather patterns and hence our temperature ,so that building windmills to counteract the problems we may or may not face should be called ( like so many good books tend to find a name ) The Don Quixote Paradox.

50. Monkeyluv says:

Werner wrote:
For RSS, the slope is flat since November 1996 or an even 17 years. (goes to October) RSS has reached Ben Santer’s 17 years.

For all of these data sets, how often is the linear trend of a 17-year period ever statistically signficant (including full autocorrelation)?

51. Werner Brozek says:

In response to an earlier question of mine, justthefacts has supplied me with information to show the slope for RSS from 60.0 to 82.5 is positive from 1995, but it is negative from 2005. So at least since 2005, the northern polar regions have not been warming according to RSS. The slope from 60.0 to 82.5 since 2005 is -0.01/year but the slope for all of RSS from 2005 is -0.05/year. So it appears as if everything has been cooling since 2005, but the northern Arctic is just cooling slower than the rest of the earth. I would be interested in knowing which data set Cowtan and Way used and over what time period and over what latitudes to prove the Arctic is warming eight times faster than the rest of the earth.

52. Andy Hurley says:
November 21, 2013 at 8:11 am
I am inclined to believe that there are several other macro, perhaps cosmic events, which offer a deeper understanding of our weather patterns and hence our temperature

You are correct here. There are hundreds of factors affecting climate. See the following by justthefacts:
http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/02/19/crowdsourced-climate-complexity-compiling-the-wuwt-potential-climatic-variables-reference-page/

Of course some are much more important than others. The major focus of the present debate is to find out exactly how important CO2 is. Most scientists agree it has some effect. However the major focus is to quantify the effect of additional CO2 at this point in time. In my opinion, the effect of CO2 is almost saturated and other factors such as the sun and ENSO totally overwhelm the effects of CO2. And the longer the pause lasts, the weaker is the case for a strong effect due to CO2.