Pat Michaels – on the death of credibility in the journal Nature

Atmospheric Aerosols and the Death of Nature

Guest post by Dr. Patrick Michaels

Big news last week was that new findings published in Nature magazine showed that human emissions of aerosols (primarily from fossil fuel use) have been largely responsible for the multi-decadal patterns of sea surface temperature variability in the Atlantic ocean that have been observed over the past 150 years or so. This variability—commonly referred to as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation, or AMO—has been linked to several socially significant climate phenomena including the ebb and flow of active Atlantic hurricane periods and drought in the African Sahel.

This paper marks, in my opinion, the death of credibility for Nature on global warming. The first symptoms showed up in 1996 when they published a paper by Ben Santer and 13 coauthors that was so obviously cherry-picked that it took me and my colleagues about three hours to completely destroy it. Things have gone steadily downhill, from a crazy screamer by Jonathan Patz on mortality from warming that didn’t even bother to examine whether fossil fuels were associated with extended lifespan (they are), to the recent Shakun debacle. But the latest whopper, by Ben Booth and his colleagues at the UK Met Office indeed signals the death of Nature in this field.

The U.K. Met Office issued a press release touting the findings by several of their researchers, and didn’t pull any punches as to the study’s significance. The headline read “Industrial pollution linked to ‘natural’ disasters” and included things like:

These shifts in ocean temperature, known as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation or AMO, are believed to affect rainfall patterns in Africa, South America and India, as well as hurricane activity in the North Atlantic – in extreme cases leading to humanitarian disasters.

Ben Booth, a Met Office climate processes scientist and lead author of the research, said: “Until now, no-one has been able to demonstrate a physical link to what is causing these observed Atlantic Ocean fluctuations, so it was assumed they must be caused by natural variability.

“Our research implies that far from being natural, these changes could have been largely driven by dirty pollution and volcanoes. If so, this means a number of natural disasters linked to these ocean fluctuations, such as persistent African drought during the 1970’s and 80’s, may not be so natural after all.”

An accompanying “News and Views” piece in Nature put the findings of Booth and colleagues in climatological perspective:

If Booth and colleagues’ results can be corroborated, then they suggest that multidecadal temperature fluctuations of the North Atlantic are dominated by human activity, with natural variability taking a secondary role. This has many implications. Foremost among them is that the AMO does not exist, in the sense that the temperature variations concerned are neither intrinsically oscillatory nor purely multidecadal.

But not everyone was so impressed with the conclusions of Booth et al.

For instance, Judith Curry had this to say at her blog, “Climate Etc.,”

Color me unconvinced by this paper. I suspect that if this paper had been submitted to J. Geophysical Research or J. Climate, it would have been rejected. In any event, a much more lengthy manuscript would have been submitted with more details, allowing people to more critically assess this. By publishing this, Nature seems to be looking for headlines, rather than promoting good science.

And Curry has good reason to be skeptical.

“In press” at the journal Geophysical Research Letters is a paper titled “Greenland ice core evidence for spatial and temporal variability of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation” by Petr Chylek and colleagues, including Chris Folland of the Hadley Centre of the UK Met Office.

In this paper, Chylek et al. examine evidence of the AMO that is contained in several ice core records distributed across Greenland. The researchers were looking to see whether there were changes in the character of the AMO over different climatological periods in the past, such as the Little Ice Age and the Medieval Warm Period—periods that long preceded large-scale human aerosol emissions. And indeed they found some. The AMO during the Little Ice Age was characterized by a quasi-periodicity of about 20 years, while the during the Medieval Warm Period the AMO oscillated with a period of about 45 to 65 years.

And Chylek and colleagues had this to say about the mechanisms involved:

The observed intermittency of these modes over the last 4000 years supports the view that these are internal ocean-atmosphere modes, with little or no external forcing.

Better read that again. “…with little or no external forcing.”

Chylek’s conclusion is vastly different from the one reached by Booth et al., which in an Editorial, Nature touted as [emphasis added]:

[B]ecause the AMO has been implicated in global processes, such as the frequency of Atlantic hurricanes and drought in the Sahel region of Africa in the 1980s, the findings greatly extend the possible reach of human activity on global climate. Moreover, if correct, the study effectively does away with the AMO as it is currently posited, in that the multidecadal oscillation is neither truly oscillatory nor multidecadal.

Funny how the ice core records analyzed by Chylek (as opposed to the largely climate model exercise of Booth et al.) and show the AMO to be both oscillatory and multidecadal—and to be exhibiting such characteristics long before any possible human influence.

Judith Curry’s words “By publishing this, Nature seems to be looking for headlines, rather than promoting good science” seem to ring loud and true in light of further observation-based research.

May God rest the soul of Nature.

References:

Booth, B., et al., 2012. Aerosols implicated as a prime driver of twentieth-century North Atlantic climate variability. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature10946, http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature10946.html

Chylek, P., et al., 2012. Greenland ice core evidence for spatial and temporal variability of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, in press, http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/pip/2012GL051241.shtml

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171 Responses to Pat Michaels – on the death of credibility in the journal Nature

  1. edbarbar says:

    We all know how unnatural those volcanos are.

  2. oMan says:

    Doesn’t the Nature paper also undermine the climate modelers’ argument? Namely, their models purport to show that X amount of CO2 produces Y amount of temperature change. And those models assume that such changes cannot be due to natural forcings such as albedo changes (due to volcanoes) or orbital/precessional changes. All that stuff has been accounted for, leaving only CO2 as the culprit. And yet, now, we are told that other human activities may swamp the system that was so delicately poised that just a little CO2 will drive it toward catastrophe.

    Surely they can’t have it both ways? A system where all forcings, natural and otherwise, were already accounted for, leaving CO2 as the thing to worry about? And a system where all non-CO2 forcings are NOT so accounted for?

  3. Kaboom says:

    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.

  4. A corpse digging its own grave. Now, that’s a paragon of environmental responsibility.

  5. braddles says:

    This is a good reminder that sceptics are getting too pleased about “winning”. Just remember that the alarmists still have complete control of most mainstream media, important parts of academia, and the major journals.

  6. John West says:

    Dr. Patrick Michaels
    “largely climate model exercise of Booth et al.”

    I didn’t realize from the context that only ONE model was used, so I looked at the press release to see if it said which models or ensemble was used. To my amazement I find: “However, it’s important to note that these findings are based on only one model, so further research using other next-generation climate models is required to shed further light on the mechanisms at play.”

    Nature, the Inquirer of Journals

  7. noaaprogrammer says:

    Like releasing chaff from an aircraft to confuse radar, everyone should write up bogus research studies touting all sorts of man-caused disasters, and submit them to Nature — it shouldn’t be too difficult.

  8. Saaad says:

    Nature appears to be following New Scientist down the rabbit hole. Climate pseudoscience looks more like alchemy every day.

  9. Smokey says:

    Nature gives the media’s standard response to anyone deviating from its global warming alarmism narrative: Shut Up.

  10. JackWayne says:

    Nature = Scientific American.

  11. Schitzree says:

    I’m just waiting for the paper publised in Nature that shows the human influances on sunspot count. It’s only a matter of time.

  12. pat says:

    When I was a kid and subscribed, Nature was mostly soft science, but very good. Then it went hard, Then it drove off the cliff when it hired political environmentalists as editors. Now it is worthless.
    Scientific American is the same way. From hard science to environmental nonsense. Sheer stupidity and alarmism slathered with a few graphs of dubious quality , a bit of specialized mathematics, and the use of obscure words to lend gravitas,

  13. Schitzree says:

    Kaboom says:
    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.
    ———————
    Hey, I’ll have you know that many of my political beliefs have been shaped by MAD.

  14. Bennett says:

    @oMan

    Wow, great catch! There’s nothing quite like a scare piece that clumsily invalidates its belief system. I wonder if the disciples will notice?

  15. John West says:

    The article is $18, but the “Supplementary figures and discussion” is free:
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v484/n7393/extref/nature10946-s1.pdf

  16. Gail Combs says:

    Kaboom says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:18 pm

    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.
    ___________________________
    You are insulting Mad Magazine.

  17. Gail Combs says:

    To me it looks like Booth and colleagues have been reading WUWT and other skeptic sites and decided they needed to “capture the AMO” for “Their Side”

    With the oceans changing phase and influencing weather they really had no choice except to come up with some way of showing Mankind was at fault or the entire “Cause” would go down the tubes.

  18. dan johnston says:

    It’s all in their Nature.

  19. D. J. Hawkins says:

    Kaboom says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:18 pm
    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.

    You might be well served if you did, at least years ago. Clearly you never paid close attention. The commentary was there, and incisive, even if it was cloaked as “Mad’s snappy answers to…” or something similar. Check their send up “Fiddler Made a Goof” if you can find it. Biting commentary on modern mores, and I remember it nearly 40 years later.

  20. RockyRoad says:

    Nature must be getting big checks from “Big Oil”–they can’t possibly survive on subscription fees.

  21. James Sexton says:

    noaaprogrammer says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:25 pm

    Like releasing chaff from an aircraft to confuse radar, everyone should write up bogus research studies touting all sorts of man-caused disasters, and submit them to Nature — it shouldn’t be too difficult.
    ================================================
    lol, an excellent idea! But, here, we see man is to blame for temp increases and sea level rise! http://suyts.wordpress.com/2012/04/11/this-isnt-about-the-climate/

    Dr. Michaels, thanks for the links! We all try to stay current, but there’s so much garbage flying around it’s difficult to keep an eye on everything!

  22. Ally E. says:

    This whole global warming thing reminds me of one of those Bad Guys in a B-grade movie. You know, the type who keeps getting killed but comes back again and again and again. It’s dead on it’s feet, its brain just hasn’t registered the event yet. Maybe the Yellows/Greens/Reds are slow to get the message. Why not? The mainstream media certainly is.

  23. R. Shearer says:

    Why, these man-made aerosols are so powerful they can go back in time. For instance, here is proof. They went back in time and made hurricanes, as evidenced by the sinking of many Spanish galleons.

  24. juanslayton says:

    Kaboom:
    Another vote here for Mad Magazine. Alfred E. Neuman had the good sense not to panic about Global Cooling.
    “What, me worry?”

  25. James Sexton says:

    Ally E. says:
    April 11, 2012 at 7:16 pm

    Maybe the Yellows/Greens/Reds are slow to get the message. Why not? The mainstream media certainly is.
    ========================================================
    Isn’t that one and the same? Misanthropy….. it perpetuates itself while being self-defeating.

  26. bones says:

    pat says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:37 pm

    When I was a kid and subscribed, Nature was mostly soft science, but very good. Then it went hard, Then it drove off the cliff when it hired political environmentalists as editors. Now it is worthless.
    Scientific American is the same way. From hard science to environmental nonsense. Sheer stupidity and alarmism slathered with a few graphs of dubious quality , a bit of specialized mathematics, and the use of obscure words to lend gravitas,

    So, have a look at Physics Today and tell me that it is any better? A lot of what once was respectable, credible science reporting has fallen into the hands of zealots.

  27. Gilbert says:

    Typical runup to ipcc 5. Mike Mann established the methodology.

  28. “However, it’s important to note that these findings are based on only one model, so further research using other next-generation climate models is required to shed further light on the mechanisms at play.”

    Note that they say NOTHING about empirical evidence – it’s models all the way down.

  29. Richyroo says:

    bones says:
    April 11, 2012 at 7:41 pm
    pat says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:37 pm

    When I was a kid and subscribed, Nature was mostly soft science, but very good. Then it went hard, Then it drove off the cliff when it hired political environmentalists as editors. Now it is worthless.
    Scientific American is the same way. From hard science to environmental nonsense. Sheer stupidity and alarmism slathered with a few graphs of dubious quality , a bit of specialized mathematics, and the use of obscure words to lend gravitas,

    So, have a look at Physics Today and tell me that it is any better? A lot of what once was respectable, credible science reporting has fallen into the hands of zealots.

    Its not just about zealotry, its about lack of science education. Modern \science journalists’ are scientifically illiterate and rely on sensationalised sound bites from press releases; press releases written by simmilarly uneducated post modern, post socialist, post normalists.

    The problem is general ignorance.

  30. Lancifer says:

    Kaboom,

    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.

    Hey watch it, I’ll take the word of Alfred E. Newman over Michael Mann any day.

  31. wfrumkin says:

    I would cancel my subscription to Nature but I already did that. It is clear that truth no longer matters with warmistas.

  32. Doug Proctor says:

    This isn’t an attempt at science. This is a barrage designed to be picked up by the MSM, another peer-reviewed study that can be quoted that “supports” the warmist view, but NOT to be considered seriously by scientists. It is part of the fighting back of CAGW: if they won’t agree, if they won’t stay silent, then we’ll overwhelm them with paper.

    Never have I seen a paper so far out since Veilokovsky: at least he believed what he wrote.

  33. Allan MacRae says:

    What exactly is the source of the aerosol data in the Booth et al paper?

    A caution:
    Global warming alarmists have typically FABRICATED the aerosol data they use in their climate models to fudge the desired results.

    Please see the communications below regarding D. V. Hoyt and aerosols:

    http://climateaudit.org/2006/07/19/whitfield-subcommittee-witnesses-to-be-questioned/

    http://www.climateaudit.org/?p=755
    Douglas Hoyt:
    July 22nd, 2006 at 5:37 am

    Measurements of aerosols did not begin in the 1970s. There were measurements before then, but not so well organized. However, there were a number of pyrheliometric measurements made and it is possible to extract aerosol information from them by the method described in:
    Hoyt, D. V., 1979. The apparent atmospheric transmission using the pyrheliometric ratioing techniques. Appl. Optics, 18, 2530-2531.
    The pyrheliometric ratioing technique is very insensitive to any changes in calibration of the instruments and very sensitive to aerosol changes.

    Here are three papers using the technique:
    Hoyt, D. V. and C. Frohlich, 1983. Atmospheric transmission at Davos, Switzerland, 1909-1979. Climatic Change, 5, 61-72.
    Hoyt, D. V., C. P. Turner, and R. D. Evans, 1980. Trends in atmospheric transmission at three locations in the United States from 1940 to 1977. Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1430-1439.
    Hoyt, D. V., 1979. Pyrheliometric and circumsolar sky radiation measurements by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory from 1923 to 1954. Tellus, 31, 217-229.

    In none of these studies were any long-term trends found in aerosols, although volcanic events show up quite clearly. There are other studies from Belgium, Ireland, and Hawaii that reach the same conclusions. It is significant that Davos shows no trend whereas the IPCC models show it in the area where the greatest changes in aerosols were occurring.

    There are earlier aerosol studies by Hand and Marvin in Monthly Weather Review going back to the 1880s and these studies also show no trends.

    So when MacRae (#321) says: “I suspect that both the climate computer models and the input assumptions are not only inadequate, but in some cases key data is completely fabricated – for example, the alleged aerosol data that forces models to show cooling from ~1940 to ~1975. Isn’t it true that there was little or no quality aerosol data collected during 1940-1975, and the modelers simply invented data to force their models to history-match; then they claimed that their models actually reproduced past climate change quite well; and then they claimed they could therefore understand climate systems well enough to confidently predict future catastrophic warming?”, he close to the truth.
    _____________________________________________________________________

    Douglas Hoyt:
    July 22nd, 2006 at 10:37 am
    Re #328
    “Are you the same D. V. Hoyt who wrote the referenced papers?” Answer: Yes.
    _____________________________________________________________________

  34. Brian H says:

    wfrumkin says:
    April 11, 2012 at 8:08 pm

    I would cancel my subscription to Nature but I already did that. I

    Send them a letter re-cancelling?
    ;)

  35. Mike says:

    So, controversial papers that go against the consensus should not be published? Interesting. Maybe we can start a on line poll to get these bad people fired because that is how science should be done!

    When researches had evidence that they had observed neutrinos going faster than than speed of light they published this. That was the right thing to do. It now looks like they were wrong. That’s how science is done.

  36. Mac the Knife says:

    “Our research implies that far from being natural, these changes could have been largely driven by dirty pollution and volcanoes. If so, this means a number of natural disasters linked to these ocean fluctuations, such as persistent African drought during the 1970’s and 80’s, may not be so natural after all.”

    ‘Our research implies…. changes could have been…. dirty pollution. If so,….. natural disasters…..may not be so natural at all.’
    All paranoid climate conjecture. No substance. This drivel is beyond lame. It’s pathetic. It’s shameful and a real embarrassment to the hundreds of thousands of honest scientists and engineers pushing the bona fide boundaries of science with data driven research and analyses.

    Nature: Oh, how very low the once respected have fallen!
    MtK

  37. thingadonta says:

    Nothing can be natural, because then we can’t control it.

    Why are ape descendants so obsessed with controling everything, or is that a rhetorical question?.

  38. AnonyMoose says:

    What kind of aerosols? What were the effects of the pre-1970s industrial pollution (the first Coal Age), and the preceding thousands of years of burning North America? Ships could detect the continent by the smoke smell and haze.

  39. Andrew30 says:

    The idea that the minute human contribution to atmospheric carbon dioxide is a driving force for the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation is lunacy. That the idea has been programmed in to a single climate model and when run the model produces the pre-programmed output is par for the course, so nothing new there.

    Perhaps this is a test of the global panic-alarm system, to see how many media transmitters are still working. Only the most committed media outlets will run this, so it will serve as a gauge of support in advance of the next meeting of the global warning kleptocracy.

  40. HR says:

    There is a video of a presentation of the Chylek work on Youtude

    Enjoy

  41. John F. Hultquist says:

    Are we to assume hurricanes in the Atlantic and drought in Africa began with the use of wood for fuel or coal for steam engines? It is hard to see how those European beginnings influenced the North Atlantic Ocean. Or perhaps, the peopling of North American and the accompanying use of fire can be the culprit. However, I recall reading or hearing of drought in Africa going back centuries. Yes! Here is one such:
    http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/news/drought-brought-end-to-egypt%E2%80%99s-old-kingdom/

  42. Mike Wryley says:

    Like the “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” movies, and uncomfortably close to reality, journalism schools must have been pumping CAGW pods out for years without much notice, because even electronic and mechanical engineering mags are full of the same drivel. I cancelled Aviation Week in disgust several years ago because it had evolved into a bipolar screed embracing global warming, cap and trade and carbon markets juxtaposed with commercial aviation, which generates thousands of tons of co2 per minute.
    These people have insinuated themselves into every available media niche, and they will not go silently into the night.

  43. RayG says:

    Nature, the Journal of Irreproducible Results for Climate “Science.” Actually, the JIR is a better read than Nature.

    http://www.jir.com/

  44. RayG says:

    RockyRoad says:
    April 11, 2012 at 7:01 pm
    “Nature must be getting big checks from “Big Oil”–they can’t possibly survive on subscription fees.”
    Speaking of “Big Oil,” Shell was the founding donor of the WWF and Shell’s president for 15 years, John Loudon, was the president of the WWF for 4 years. Go to Donna Laframboise for sourcing and details:

    http://nofrakkingconsensus.com/2012/04/11/the-wwfs-vast-pool-of-oil-money/

  45. RobW says:

    Yet another example of how far away from real science climate “science” has gone. Now Nature believes real data from ice cores are secondary to a single computer model. Wow such a downfall for a once proud journal.

  46. Andrew30 says:

    Was this ‘adjustment’ made to support the computer model?

    “Sea Level Data Corruption – Worse Than It Seems
    Posted on April 11, 2012 by Steven Goddard”

    “The graph below shows changes in Envisat Northern Hemisphere sea level made this week. Previously, sea level was decreasing -0.241 mm/year, and now it is increasing by 2.37 mm/year. The most recent data magically went from lowest on record – to highest on record.”

    http://www.real-science.com/sea-level-data-corruption-worse-than-it-seems

  47. Ally E. says:

    James Sexton says:

    April 11, 2012 at 7:41 pm

    Ally E. says:
    April 11, 2012 at 7:16 pm

    Maybe the Yellows/Greens/Reds are slow to get the message. Why not? The mainstream media certainly is.
    ========================================================
    Isn’t that one and the same? Misanthropy….. it perpetuates itself while being self-defeating.

    *

    True. I realized after I had posted that they know very well it’s all over but, by holding the reins of the MSM, they hope nevertheless to convince the masses and bring humankind down first, or with them. They are never going to let go, are they? What a sad, pathetic bunch they are.

    I take great delight in this swing around that is happening, they must be getting quite angry about it by now. That shouldn’t tickle me but it does. I’ve always loved to see bullies frustrated – wrong of me, I know, I should strive to be better than that.

  48. EJ says:

    I have been advocating for a decade now for a repository of any raw data. Temps, Precip, Yields,

    Will someone archive the raw data?

  49. Bruce of Newcastle says:

    Since the AMO has quite a pronounced sinusoidal 65 year signal I suppose we carefully puff just the right amount of aerosols into the atmosphere every 65 years?

    Do they think we’re stupid?

  50. Sparks says:

    Was it Nature magazine who debunked Cold fusion? Cheep renewable energy? if it was, I have questions.

  51. PaddikJ says:

    Yet another sign of desperation. I think we can look forward to many more such popcorn moments as the Great Global Warming Mass Hysteria unwinds.

  52. pat says:

    Richyroo says:
    This is exactly correct. We see writers and editors with no meaningful education in the subject of which they discourse. And this is true of economics, the military, sciences, agriculture, etc. These writers and editors went to college to learn how to influence people, they have no grounding in any discipline. Professional journals have been taken over by dolts.
    It is like a teacher who has a degree in teaching. He is teaching….what?

  53. DirkH says:

    A possible explanation for the scientific decline.
    http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-04-08/american-universities-infected-by-foreign-spies-detected-by-fbi.html

    For a while now I’ve become more and more convinced that foreign energy interests play a large role. Not NWO type … only (state-run) businesses…

  54. Andrew30 says:

    Bruce of Newcastle says: April 11, 2012 at 10:31 pm
    “Do they think we’re stupid?”

    No they wrote ‘us’ off long ago.
    They are putting this out for the headline, like Dr, Curry surmised.
    What they do know is that much of the non-scientific public is now properly prepared and gullible. What they don’t know is how the media will respond to this.

    They need this story published so that they can get ownership of Global Weirding.
    It may be a lie, and it is a long shot but it is all they have. Quarter finals, fourth down on their on 30 yard line with 20 seconds on the clock; it’s a Hail-Mary.
    Will the media catch the pass?

    For the non-North American readers:
    Hail-Mary: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hail_Mary_pass

  55. RockyRoad says:

    Sparks says:
    April 11, 2012 at 10:32 pm

    Was it Nature magazine who debunked Cold fusion? Cheep renewable energy? if it was, I have questions.

    Yeah–look for several of those “impossible cold fusion” products within the next dozen months or so. But as long as consumers can get the benefit from this revolutionary contraption, I could care less what Nature says about it (and it will be just one more nail in their coffin).

  56. William McClenney says:

    “The thing to remember when traveling is that the trail is the thing, not the end of the trail. The Dutchman was hard…he was stone. His brain was eroded granite where the few ideas he had carved their deep ruts of opinion. There was no way for another idea to seep in, no place for imagination, no place for dreams, none for compassion or mercy or even fear.”
    Louis L’Amour in ‘Ride the Dark Trail’

  57. Phillip Bratby says:

    The whole mess is based on one unvalidated computer model. Do they really expect people to take this seriously?

  58. Timothy Ray Erney says:

    Didn’t Mann try to claim credit for naming the AMO?
    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/03/08/mann-and-coining-the-amo-and-claims-of-credit/
    So the creator of the “hockey stick” says he discovered a natural cycle in the Atlantic Ocean that he also claims to have coined the AMO, which Booth et al. now say is “dominated by human activity”?
    You just can’t make this stuff up. Oh, the irony.

  59. Roger says:

    As mentioned previously These “climate scientists” are going to destroying Nature magazine

  60. Juraj V. says:

    AMO is The thorn. Oh how sharp it is!
    http://oi56.tinypic.com/wa6mia.jpg
    See the regular, linearly warming and cooling periods of the North Atlantic (the bottom chart). Also see the 1910-1940 warming period being UNDISTINGUISHABLE of the 1980-2005 warming period. Significant cooling between them, which “they” managed almost to get rid of from the global record. Switch to cooling since 2006. And totally off climate model projection (upper chart), blindly following the CO2 curve, obviously powered by some unphysical mechanism.

  61. son of mulder says:

    And we modelled our work on underarm anti-perspirant aerosols, which were shown to reduce humidity, and found all manner of droughts coincided with their increased use.

  62. Len says:

    Doug Proctor says:
    “This isn’t an attempt at science. This is a barrage designed to be picked up by the MSM, another peer-reviewed study that can be quoted that “supports” the warmist view, but NOT to be considered seriously by scientists. It is part of the fighting back of CAGW: if they won’t agree, if they won’t stay silent, then we’ll overwhelm them with paper.

    Never have I seen a paper so far out since Veilokovsky: at least he believed what he wrote.”

    Well, at least Veilokovsky poured through data, put his reasoning out for examination/review, and as you said, was sincere, not a money grubbing govt. funded, PR hack.

  63. E.M.Smith says:

    Why the restriction on loss of credibility as ‘in this field’? I’m sorry, but once a journal is shown to be politicized and non-competent, it’s an across the board thing. You can’t be incompetent on Mondays and just fine on Tuesdays, failing logic in Climate by having logic work fine in biology… It’s the same board of directors, the same executive staff, the same editorial board, the same…

    So, IMHO, Nature joins “Scientific American” in the trash heap of hysterical junk science rags.

    Maybe they do have some good stuff in there, but figuring out which bits are the good bits takes too much time swimming in the sewer parts to sort it out; and I’m not willing to put up with the smell.

    It’s much easier to just do a web search and find the good stuff yourself.

  64. davidmhoffer says:

    Next up in Nature:

    Model Proves Flies Cause Manure!

  65. Steve C says:

    Expresing scepticism about the unholy grail of AGW is like fighting a zombie army. Every stupid idea the alarmists come up with is examined, found wanting, killed and buried, here and elsewhere; but the next time you look the thing has come back to life and surfaced again in some unthinking MSM promo. It is particularly worrying to have seen the cancer spread so quickly and easily to all the main scientific magazines and institutions. Look at this cack. I’m ashamed that my tax money has been abused to pay for this agenda driven sleight of hand.

    Is there nobody reading WUWT who can get things – even if they’re only opinion pieces – into the MSM – anywhere? Because at present Joe Public is being exposed to 99.9% pure AGW drivel and, given the collapse in educational standards over the last few decades, is being given neither factual evidence nor the skills to analyse and disprove the dross he’s being fed. Intellectually, the sceptical position wins hands down every time, but from reading the MSM you simply wouldn’t know it. That, rather than relatively trifling disproofs of kindergarten pseudoscience, is the real challenge: we’ve won, but we still have no way of spreading the good news.

  66. oakwood says:

    I would not be alone in having predicted in my own mind that if the lack of 21st temperature rise continues, the warmists will find a way to blame it on man-made aerosols, thus allowing them to continue to blame it on fossil fuels and our selfish economic development. I remember including that prediction in comments at Realclimate a couple of times, before being censored.

    I suppose we could develop a computer model to predict where warmists will go next in their desparation to continue their weird form of science.

  67. TheBigYinJames says:

    The MSM’s time is almost over anyway, thanks to the internet. The reason there are so many uneducated idiots in journalism is because the clever ones smelled the coffee years ago and left the rats on the sinking ship. AGW was/is mainstream media’s last gasp at controlling the opinions of the population, it will never be able to manage it again.

  68. Ian W says:

    Mike says:
    April 11, 2012 at 8:42 pm

    So, controversial papers that go against the consensus should not be published? Interesting. Maybe we can start a on line poll to get these bad people fired because that is how science should be done!

    When researches had evidence that they had observed neutrinos going faster than than speed of light they published this. That was the right thing to do. It now looks like they were wrong. That’s how science is done.

    Mike you will have seen that there is NO evidence only a model and one that has not even been cross checked against other more sophisticated models. You will also see that aerosols have NOT been varying – see the cites from Hoyt in the posts above. A single model based on incorrect assumptions and using incorrect data should not really survive peer review.
    The case of the neutrino speed was an actual experimental observation – observational science and the data on which it is based _should be_ published – the fact that it was later found to be erroneous is also real science. However, if the neutrino team had used a single unsophisticated computer model with incorrect assumptions on say the mass of the neutrino and based on that claimed Einstein was wrong – their paper would have been rejected; as this paper from climate ‘scientists’ should have been rejected.

  69. I’ve been banging on for years about how aerosols are at least as important as GHGs in influencing climate. So I’m inclined to give this paper rather more credence than others.

    I’ll read it in detail later, but one point.

    Little Ice Age and the Medieval Warm Period—periods that long preceded large-scale human aerosol emissions.

    It’s something of a misconception that anthropogenic aerosols took off with the industrial revolution. what happened was that coal replaced charcoal as the primary fuel and previously widely distributed industrial production was concentrated in urban factories.

    It happens I have seen charcoal made the traditional way and the process produces a solid column of smoke for 3 days to produce perhaps 200 lbs of charcoal. When coal replaced charcoal as a fuel, aerosol production would have been dramatically reduced. Even though coal production rapidly expanded.

    Otherwise, I noted yesterday in the Bob Tisdale thread that there appears to be a reduced anthropogenic aerosol signature in the the latitudinal SST trends.

  70. henri Masson says:

    One key claim in the paper published in Nature by Booth & All. is that the NAO is NOT STICTLY periodical and multidecennal and, CONSEQUENTLY, cannot tbe of natural orgin. They just forget (or don’t know) that natural complex phenomena can be chaotic (dynamical system), which leads to “approximate” periodical behavior (more precisely, in mathematical terms “approximate periodic switches in trajectories from the vicinity of one attractor to another”). Time series for NAO indicators & proxies (and for El Nino, volcanic activity, and son flares, etc.) exhibit a clear chaotic signature when submitted to the toolbox for non-linear series analysis. Also, a complex (natural) system can show some synchronisation (and resonance) between different oscillators, even if they are not linked by conventional causal links. For example a threshold, which is a non linear mechanism, can induce such synchronization (LEGION model, see wilkipedia for details).

  71. Stephen Richards says:

    first they managed to find that CO² rise precedes temperature and now that the AMO isn’t real. Do you sense this panic before Rio syndrome?

  72. Stephen Richards says:

    Philip Bradley says:
    April 12, 2012 at 12:39 am

    It happens I have seen charcoal made the traditional way and the process produces a solid column of smoke for 3 days to produce perhaps 200 lbs of charcoal.

    Philip, really, and how many charcoal fires would one need at one moment in time to effect a change in the atmosphere of the planet. This paper is $h&t. You know it, I know, Judith knows.

  73. Peter Miller says:

    Drug addiction has obvious unpleasant side effects, the same is the case for ‘climate science’ grant addicts.

    In both instances, the addict will do, or say, anything to fund his/her addiction and cares little about truth and the reality of the outside world.

    Mann, Nature, Chylek, Hansen etc are all classic examples of grant addiction.

  74. Rhys Jaggar says:

    Problem is: science is bedevilled by ‘impact factors’ in publication. You can publish a load of tripe in Nature, but if it has an impact factor of 23, your institution will love you. If you publish world-changing science in a less high profile journal, they won’t.

    The whole mechanism underpinning institutional evaluation of scientific output needs to change from top to bottom.

    Nothing else short of a large-scale boycott by readers will change this distortion by a few ‘high impact journals’.

  75. Mad Scotsman says:

    Nature = Tabloid Science

  76. Urederra says:

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2012/04/10/1c-the-silent-killer/#comment-951737

    Urederra says:
    April 10, 2012 at 7:19 am
    Oh noes, a PNAS publication again…

    Why these “may” science papers are always published on journals like PNAS or Nature?

    Heh… I said so 2 days ago.

  77. Brian H says:

    Hey, the Amerinds were using controlled burns in forests and prairies centuries before even Columbus, much less James Watt. They undoubtedly got the AMO going.
    :)

  78. Morris Ward says:

    Given their records in this field and the levels of politicization engaged in, with whom does the benefit of doubt responsibly lie? Michaels? Or Nature and Santer? C’mon now. Really! Not even close.

  79. Urederra says:

    E.M.Smith says:
    April 11, 2012 at 11:54 pm
    Why the restriction on loss of credibility as ‘in this field’? I’m sorry, but once a journal is shown to be politicized and non-competent, it’s an across the board thing. You can’t be incompetent on Mondays and just fine on Tuesdays, failing logic in Climate by having logic work fine in biology… It’s the same board of directors, the same executive staff, the same editorial board, the same…

    It had its problems with biology too. They rejected the first paper on PCR (polymerase chain reaction) The single most important method discovered in biochemistry in the last 30 years. It was essential for the Human Genome Project.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_polymerase_chain_reaction

    With patents submitted, work proceeded to report PCR to the general scientific community. An abstract for a American Society of Human Genetics meeting in Salt Lake City was submitted in April 1985, and the first announcement of PCR was made there by Saiki in October.[20] Two publications were planned – an ‘idea’ paper from Mullis, and an ‘application’ paper from the entire development group. Mullis submitted his manuscript to the journal Nature, which rejected it for not including results. The other paper, mainly describing the OR analysis assay, was submitted to Science on September 20, 1985 and was accepted in November. After the rejection of Mullis’ report in December, details on the PCR process were hastily added to the second paper, which appears on December 20, 1985.[16]

  80. Stephen Richards says:
    April 12, 2012 at 1:09 am

    Philip, really, and how many charcoal fires would one need at one moment in time to effect a change in the atmosphere of the planet. This paper is $h&t. You know it, I know, Judith knows.

    You could at least do me the courtesy of reading what I wrote. The paper may or may not be ****, as I said I haven’t read it yet.

    My point was that the assumption that anthropogenic aerosol production only started with the Industrial Revolution is probably false for the reason I stated and for several other reasons. One of which is that large scale burning of agricultural waste was a common practice in the developed world until about 40 years ago and still is in much of the developing world. Practices that pre-date industrialization and would be unaffected by industrialization.

  81. H.R. says:

    davidmhoffer says:
    April 11, 2012 at 11:57 pm
    “Next up in Nature:

    Model Proves Flies Cause Manure!”

    You forgot to end that with “…due to increased levels of CO2.”
    That’s all right. You’ll get the hang of it eventually ;o)

  82. acckkii says:

    What do they think?

  83. Logan in AZ says:

    Some random thoughts —

    The idea of submitting a really absurd pseudoscience paper as a trick is known; the classic example is Alan Sokal
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokal_affair
    ..and it looks like Nature, Sci-Am, New Scientist, and even the National Geographic might be good targets for such an exercise.

    The concept that institutions can be captured by various political and economic interests is not only well known — some say that ‘regulatory capture’ is unavoidable:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regulatory_capture
    This is somewhat related to the long-term political strategy of the left, the “Long March Through the Institutions” of Gramsci.

    Here in the US, public education is pretty well captured by the left. Some parents resort to home-schooling as a response. Enter ‘dumbing down’ as a search term on Amazon.

    There is an old joke about US politics — you can vote for the evil party or the stupid party. Note that only one of 100 senators, Inhofe, identifies AGW as a hoax. I don’t expect much from the current presidential challenger.

    Can the internet era, in which the establishment does not have complete control, allow a countermarch? WUWT would be an early example, if that is possible. Right now, AGW propaganda can indeed claim most of the major institutions in US science.

    Are psychological tricks deliberate? Enter ‘obama NLP’ in google…get 241K hits. The late professor E. R. Hilgard of Stanford studied hypnotic suggestion in about 5000 students and discovered a ~normal distribution, which means that about 15% of the population is VERY suggestible. The results were confirmed at Harvard with group experiments. The high responders supply recruits for the left. I suspect that the readers of this blog are the other end of the curve.

  84. Why would a “scientist” refer to dirty pollution? This is not a scientific term.

  85. cgh says:

    Phil, your point about charcoal manufacturing as a major source of aerosols is simply not correct. In the Mediaeval context, charcoal production was extremely expensive. The prinicipal use of the charcoal was almost exclusively for production of high quality steel for weapons and armour. It was not generally used for bulk heating; it was simply too expensive.

    The total production of such weaponry during four to five centuries was perhaps equivalent to about a week’s worth of modern steel production today. Given that an average suit of armour weighed about 50 lbs and add another 50 lbs for weapons. Assume that 10 million such suits were produced across five centuries (probably a considerable over-estimate, given the longevity of such weaponry and its recycling into newer weaponry and armour). This would be sufficient to cover the armour requirements of Europe, the Middle East, China and Japan during these five centuries.

    That’s only 500,000 tons of steel or barely 1000 tons per year.

    So you want to attribute major global aerosol influences to an annual global production of about 1000 tons of high quality steel? This is ludicrous.

  86. sophocles says:

    Kaboom says:
    April 11, 2012 at 6:18 pm
    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.
    =============================================================
    Mad Magazine has some good political commentary, always has—-as satire :-). (but then
    the pollies don’t deserve anything more).

    Unfortunately, Nature’s bloopers are a lot sadder than satire.

  87. Allan MacRae says:

    Further to my above post on D. V. Hoyt and aerosols, and the FABRICATION of aerosol data to fudge the hindcast of CAGW models to mimic the global cooling that occurred from ~1940-1975.

    I have written a few technical and financial models in my career, I would dismiss anyone who claimed their model exhibited history-matching and therefore predictive skill, when they had to FABRICATE key data to force the model do so. The modeling of climate using such fraudulent practices is a blatant scam.

    We have known about this climate model scam since at least 2006 (see my above post), and probably much earlier.

    It is appalling that the global warming scam has lasted this long, has compromised the energy security of entire countries and their economies, and has wasted a trillion dollars of scarce global resources.

    ____________________

    “I am always happy to be in the minority. Concerning the climate models, I know enough of the details to be sure that they are unreliable. They are full of fudge factors that are fitted to the existing climate, so the models more or less agree with the observed data. But there is no reason to believe that the same fudge factors would give the right behavior in a world with different chemistry, for example in a world with increased CO2 in the atmosphere.”
    - Freeman Dyson
    __________

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/08/02/aerosol-sat-observations-and-climate-models-differ-by-a-factor-of-three-to-six/#comment-711396

    Douglas Hoyt says: August 3, 2011 at 12:15 pm

    This paper is hard to understand, but basically it seems to be saying that modelled aerosol cooling effects are 3 to 6 times greater than measured aerosol cooling effects. Therefore, they conclude, the observations are incorrect. If the observations are correct, the 1940-1976 cooling cannot be explained by aerosols. Furthermore, if the observations are correct, then the sensitivity of climate to CO2 must be much smaller than is presently modelled, just like Spencer is arguing.

    Is this a correct summary?
    __________

    Richard S Courtney says: August 3, 2011 at 2:24 pm

    Douglas Hoyt:
    Yes. You do provide a correct summary.

    The implications of the findings of Penner at al. are explained in this thread by several posts.
    These explanatory posts include those from
    myself at August 2, 2011 at 6:46 am and August 2, 2011 at 8:52 am
    Matt G at August 2, 2011 at 1:15 pm
    D. J. Hawkins at August 2, 2011 at 2:59 pm

    Richard
    __________

    Douglas Hoyt says: August 3, 2011 at 3:32 pm

    Richard Courtney

    Thanks for the confirmation. Penner has shown that the aerosol forcing is too weak to explain the 1940-1976 cooling using the model aerosol changes claimed by Charlson (1991). The Charlson paper does not agree with observations (e.g., Hoyt, D. V. and C. Frohlich, 1983. Atmospheric transmission at Davos, Switzerland, 1909-1979. Climatic Change, 5, 61-72). In Davos there was no trend in aerosol loading from 1909 to 1979 and yet the Charlson paper claims that maximum increase in aerosol loading directly over Davos. So it is now a double whammy for the aerosol-cooling explanation – weaker than modelled forcing and weaker than claim trends.

    There are other papers supporting the trend conclusions above. For example, MacDonald’s (1938) Atlas Of Climatic Charts of the Oceans shows the same geographical distribution of aerosols as are now seen in the satellites. There is just one exception and that is an aerosol cloud coming off England into the North Sea. It didn’t get as far as Norway or Belgium. This manmade aerosol cloud disappeared in the 1950s along with London fogs caused by coal burning. So the trend there is actually in the opposite direction of what the modellers assume.
    With the small to non-existent aerosol forcing, the only remaining way to get the models to agree with observations for 1940-1976 is have a very low climate sensitivity as Lindzen, Spencer, and others have deduced.
    ____________

    Richard S Courtney says: August 4, 2011 at 2:14 am
    Douglas Hoyt:
    Your very fine post at August 3, 2011 at 3:32 pm includes this comment:
    “With the small to non-existent aerosol forcing, the only remaining way to get the models to agree with observations for 1940-1976 is have a very low climate sensitivity as Lindzen, Spencer, and others have deduced.”

    Yes! See
    http://img36.imageshack.us/img36/8167/kiehl2007figure2.png
    Richard
    __________

  88. Bill Tuttle says:

    “Our research implies that far from being natural, these changes could have been largely driven by dirty pollution and volcanoes. If so, this means a number of natural disasters linked to these ocean fluctuations, such as persistent African drought during the 1970’s and 80’s, may not be so natural after all.”

    Aha! I’ve *always* suspected that industrial pollution had something to do with the demise of the Sahara Forest…

  89. Logan in AZ: “There is an old joke about US politics — you can vote for the evil party or the stupid party. Note that only one of 100 senators, Inhofe, identifies AGW as a hoax. I don’t expect much from the current presidential challenger.
    …. The high responders supply recruits for the left. I suspect that the readers of this blog are the other end of the curve.

    Logan, I’m surprised you don’t see the obvious trick. You correctly identify that elected-politics has this left-right opposition, but you fail to see that real people have views that can not be squeezed into this left-right con.

    There is a famous ending I wrote to animal farm that goes: “and the pigs gathered all the animals and told them … we have made mistakes … from now on you animals can have a democratic vote to decide which pigs run the farm”.

    In case, it isn’t obvious, the two parties (left curled tails & right curled tails) are in essence identical (they both are pigs!) but they present themselves as being entirely opposite and if you don’t like the pigs in power, then the opposite is the pigs in opposition.

    At no point do any of the pig elite allow the animals to believe that they could have a government without pigs … there only choice is whether the pigs have tails that curl to the left of ones that curl to the right.

    Of course in Ancient Greece, the animals did run the government because the government was randomly selected animals running each ministery.

    But don’t ever let the pigs know that you know that we know their left-right “opposition” is a complete fraud meant to suggest a choice where there is none.

    As for me. I’m pro-healthcare, anti big-government, anti-WMD pro strong military. Pro women’s right, sick to the back teeth of women who then think equality means we should give them a free leg up when they are not up to the job and “equality” means making a society that suits women but not men.

    Sometimes I think I’m on the left, sometimes on the right …. but most often I think that I have no place in the “piggish” politics which forces me into the one-dimensional politics which means we will be forever ruled by politicians with snouts in the trough.

  90. Bill Tuttle says:

    Philip Bradley says:
    April 12, 2012 at 2:47 am
    My point was that the assumption that anthropogenic aerosol production only started with the Industrial Revolution is probably false for the reason I stated and for several other reasons. One of which is that large scale burning of agricultural waste was a common practice in the developed world until about 40 years ago and still is in much of the developing world. Practices that pre-date industrialization and would be unaffected by industrialization.

    It’s been a common practice in agricultural areas around the world for about the past, oh, say, 10.000 years or so — all of Southeast Asia goes into brownout at the end of the dry season due to burning rice chaff. If “anthropogenic aerosols” have such a profound effect on the Atlantic, why wouldn’t they have the same effect on the Pacific?

  91. Gail Combs says:

    John F. Hultquist says:
    April 11, 2012 at 9:14 pm

    Are we to assume hurricanes in the Atlantic and drought in Africa began with the use of wood for fuel or coal for steam engines? ……I recall reading or hearing of drought in Africa going back centuries….
    ___________________________________
    Here is another with a world map showing extreme desert over close to half the land mass 18,000 C-14 years ago. http://www.esd.ornl.gov/projects/qen/nerc.html#maps

  92. higley7 says:

    It is no surprise that they take CO2 data from ice cores and correlate them with temperatures from away, derived from data not of that area.

    They just as logically merged Antarctic ice core data with Mauna Loa volcano data to produce their fraudulent CO2 record for the last 100 years and we know what they had to do to make the data merge nicely, advancing data in to the future until they overlapped.

    So, the question is, what did they have to do to make the global temperature data from many proxies give them the answer they desired?

  93. Bill Tuttle says:

    higley7 says:
    April 12, 2012 at 4:57 am
    So, the question is, what did they have to do to make the global temperature data from many proxies give them the answer they desired?

    Threaten their families…

  94. Luther Wu says:

    TheBigYinJames says:
    April 12, 2012 at 12:35 am

    The MSM’s time is almost over anyway, thanks to the internet. The reason there are so many uneducated idiots in journalism is because the clever ones smelled the coffee years ago and left the rats on the sinking ship. AGW was/is mainstream media’s last gasp at controlling the opinions of the population, it will never be able to manage it again.
    __________________
    The billionaire Gaylord family, who’s wealth originated from publishing Oklahoma’s largest newspaper, has sold the paper and moved on.
    I was amazed that anyone would buy it. I guess all of those “yard sale” ads really do pay off.

  95. Pull My Finger says:

    Now that’s science!

    “Our research *implies* that far from being natural, these changes *could have* been largely driven by dirty pollution and volcanoes. “

  96. Gail Combs says:

    DirkH says:
    April 11, 2012 at 10:43 pm

    A possible explanation for the scientific decline.
    http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-04-08/american-universities-infected-by-foreign-spies-detected-by-fbi.html

    For a while now I’ve become more and more convinced that foreign energy interests play a large role….
    _____________________________________
    The Wall Street Journal had a back page article in April of 1994 stating papers in the Kremlin had come to light showing US Activist groups were not only funded by the KGB but were also run by the KGB. My husband knew Issy Stone who was receiving funding from the KGB for his radical left paper. (known from comments Issy made bemoaning the fact he lost that funding.)

    The ‘Innocents’ Clubs’

    “…During the 1920′s and most of the 1930′s Münzenberg played a leading role in the Comintern, Lenin’s front for world-wide co-ordination of the left under Russian control. Under Münzenberg’s direction, hundreds of groups, committees and publications cynically used and manipulated the devout radicals of the West….Most of this army of workers in what Münzenberg called ‘Innocents’ Clubs’ had no idea they were working for Stalin. They were led to believe that they were advancing the cause of a sort of socialist humanism. The descendents of the ‘Innocents’ Clubs’ are still hard at work in our universities and colleges. Every year a new cohort of impressionable students join groups like the Anti-Nazi League believing them to be benign opponents of oppression…”

    The press is our chief ideological weapon. ~ Nikita Khrushchev

    I guess he kew what he was talking about.

  97. Robbie says:

    “..that it took me and my colleagues about three hours to completely destroy it.”

    Well well Mr. Michaels: Why haven’t you published a rebuttal in the same or in another magazine?
    Beat these scientists at their own game. Not in blogs.
    I am beginning to get quite upset that all the skeptics (Mr. Eschenbach and Mr. Easterbrook on the Shakun paper) know so perfectly well everything, but refuse to publish their results in peer-reviewed magazines.
    If you have good points on which one cannot get around it should be easy to get published.
    Büntgen et al 2012, Xia 2012 and Svensmark 2007

  98. aaron says:

    I think there may be another chicken/egg situation here.

    I would like to see how our economic activity and recessions correlate with solar activity and ocean cycles. I’m guessing that what actually happens is that the bad weather leads to more aerosol pollution (more use for heating, more diesel use, less efficient transportation system, more property damage…).

  99. aaron says:

    And that solar activity drives volcano and earthquake activity.

  100. Nerd says:

    John F. Hultquist says:
    April 11, 2012 at 9:14 pm
    Are we to assume hurricanes in the Atlantic and drought in Africa began with the use of wood for fuel or coal for steam engines? It is hard to see how those European beginnings influenced the North Atlantic Ocean. Or perhaps, the peopling of North American and the accompanying use of fire can be the culprit. However, I recall reading or hearing of drought in Africa going back centuries. Yes! Here is one such:
    http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/news/drought-brought-end-to-egypt%E2%80%99s-old-kingdom/

    ====
    “the source of the Blue Nile—found that around 4,200 years ago, lake levels dropped considerably, indicating massive water shortages and drought may have ultimately brought an end to Egypt’s first major dynastic civilization”

    I guess you didn’t hear about the age of Sphnix being as old as 10,000-12,000 years old.
    http://www.robertschoch.com/sphinxcontent.html. The people you mentioned 4,200 years old may have inherited abandoned old city from earlier period. There are a few others like the one in Peru and Turkey that are that old. http://www.robertschoch.com/turkey.html and http://hiddenincatours.com/titicaca-and-tiwanaku/. To find out what happened 10,000 years or so, I stumbled on Watt’s website and others. Based on MtDNA and homo sapiens bones, we were on the earth for only about 200,000 years. Makes you wonder. Here is the youtube video. I would hate to have lived in that harsh condition a long time ago. The past 10,000 years is relative calm compared to the years before that.

  101. Nerd says:

    Gail Combs says:
    April 12, 2012 at 4:50 am
    John F. Hultquist says:
    April 11, 2012 at 9:14 pm

    Are we to assume hurricanes in the Atlantic and drought in Africa began with the use of wood for fuel or coal for steam engines? ……I recall reading or hearing of drought in Africa going back centuries….
    ___________________________________
    Here is another with a world map showing extreme desert over close to half the land mass 18,000 C-14 years ago. http://www.esd.ornl.gov/projects/qen/nerc.html#maps

    —–

    Gail, don’t forget that the sea level was 300-400 feet lower. – http://www.iceagenow.com/Sea_Level_During_Last_Ice_Age.htm

  102. Gail Combs says:

    E.M.Smith says:
    April 11, 2012 at 11:54 pm

    Why the restriction on loss of credibility as ‘in this field’? I’m sorry, but once a journal is shown to be politicized and non-competent, it’s an across the board thing….
    _______________________________
    YES!

    The rot in science is across the board too.

    How Many Scientists Fabricate and Falsify Research? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Survey Data

    Abstract

    The frequency with which scientists fabricate and falsify data, or commit other forms of scientific misconduct is a matter of controversy. Many surveys have asked scientists directly whether they have committed or know of a colleague who committed research misconduct, but their results appeared difficult to compare and synthesize. This is the first meta-analysis of these surveys.

    To standardize outcomes, the number of respondents who recalled at least one incident of misconduct was calculated for each question, and the analysis was limited to behaviours that distort scientific knowledge: fabrication, falsification, “cooking” of data, etc… Survey questions on plagiarism and other forms of professional misconduct were excluded. The final sample consisted of 21 surveys that were included in the systematic review, and 18 in the meta-analysis.

    A pooled weighted average of 1.97% (N = 7, 95%CI: 0.86–4.45) of scientists admitted to have fabricated, falsified or modified data or results at least once –a serious form of misconduct by any standard– and up to 33.7% admitted other questionable research practices. In surveys asking about the behaviour of colleagues, admission rates were 14.12% (N = 12, 95% CI: 9.91–19.72) for falsification, and up to 72% for other questionable research practices. Meta-regression showed that self reports surveys, surveys using the words “falsification” or “fabrication”, and mailed surveys yielded lower percentages of misconduct. When these factors were controlled for, misconduct was reported more frequently by medical/pharmacological researchers than others.

    Considering that these surveys ask sensitive questions and have other limitations, it appears likely that this is a conservative estimate of the true prevalence of scientific misconduct.

    Scientists acknowledge colleagues are engaging in questionable practices, “14.12% for falsification, and up to 72% for other questionable research practices It would seem scientists are not only aware of the problem but that it is systemic.

    This type of information is now making it into the public domain.
    Scandalous: Scientists and Doctors Falsifying Data
    Dutch scientist accused of falsifying data
    Red wine researcher Dr. Dipak K. Das published fake data: UConn
    FDA updates time frame for Cetero inquiry; CRO allegedly falsified data “The five-plus years of Cetero Research clinical data called into question by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is being shortened by nearly nine month…”

    Science is now getting a black eye that will be very difficult to recover from. This leads the general public from the Scientific Method and concrete facts towards the Hegelian Dialectic where there is no such thing as facts or truths only a synthesis of opposing thoughts.

  103. Jerry says:

    The same thing happened to Science News a few years ago. Scientific American, Nature, Physics Today, Science News: they have all jumped the shark. It’s too bad. I especially miss SN, since I used to spend a few hours every Saturday morning reading it. Now I can’t stand even to look at it, or its website, or take in its dumbed-down writing or editorial propaganda. There is no reason to subscribe to any of the science magazines.There just aren’t any left (that I know of).

  104. Gail Combs says:

    Philip Bradley says:
    April 12, 2012 at 2:47 am

    ….My point was that the assumption that anthropogenic aerosol production only started with the Industrial Revolution is probably false for the reason I stated and for several other reasons….
    _______________________________
    You are also missing the point that wildfires have been around since well before human use of fire therefore aerosols from the burning of wood or from volcanoes or naturally burning coal seams, or tar pools, or oil seeps has also been around.

    Here is a bit of proof from biology:

    Monterey Pine

    These trees have closed cones. This means they need fire to reproduce, which makes them pyrophytes trees. Only two other pines are also pyrophytes the Bishop (Pinus muricata) and the Beach (Pinus contorta).The heat from the fire allows the cones to open up and release their seeds. The trees are usually around the same age and are similar in height within their habitat because of this process. Without fire they will no longer be able to reproduce and would die off as a species.

    Pyrophytes are plants which have adapted to tolerate fire…. See Wiki

  105. commieBob says:

    henri Masson says:
    April 12, 2012 at 1:03 am

    … For example a threshold, which is a non linear mechanism, can induce such synchronization (LEGION model, see wilkipedia for details).

    Perhaps I am being thick today but I could not find anything that looked relevant. Would you please supply a link.

  106. Olen says:

    Maybe they should rename their journal Nature’s Fables.

  107. michaelspj says:

    Too bad the sample size is so low.

  108. Robin Hewitt says:

    Scottish Sceptic says:
    from now on you animals can have a democratic vote to decide which pigs run the farm”.

    This is democracy. There is the centre line which you have to follow to have any chance of being elected. All candidates have to be close to the line to have a hope so they appear identical. With little to choose between them, people get heated about the twist in the tails.

  109. Mervyn says:

    It is now blatantly obvious that science is scraping the bottom of the barrel with such nonsense. There was a time when one could have faith in the peer review scientific literature. Now, I believe there are two types of scientific literature (a) studies like this one constantly trying to promote the catastrophic man-made global warming mantra, and (b) studies that constantly expose such studies and demonstrate there is no basis to support the catastrophic man-made global warming mantra. It truly has descended into a bloody mess, and a joke!

  110. peter_dtm says:

    Mike says:
    April 11, 2012 at 8:42 pm

    This is how the Nutrino episode differs from CAGW a-science :

    A serries of MEASUREMENTS were made in the real world.
    They did not agree with the NULL THEORY
    More MEASUREMENTS were made in the real world that also demostrated the same anomoly.

    When the experimenters (scientists/people who use REAL WORLD experiments) could not explain the REAL WORLD MEASUREMENTS they published a paper – which basically said – WE DO NOT BELIEVE OUR RESULTS; please help us explain – here is the DATA from our real world EXPERIMENTS. Can any one see where we went wrong OR is there something new IN OUR DATA.

    Do you see any models ? Do you see the original Data ? Are you invited to FIND OUT what is WRONG ?

    This latest climate scam paper appears tobe the follwoing

    Using a MODEL (which is not validated against the real world or against other models) with model parameters we can NOT justify against real world measuremnets we have made up a scenario IN OUR MODEL where black is white and the flim flam dances with a million angels on the head of a pin. As a result of tampering with all the un-validated input variables in our un-validated model (which we have not cross checked against either other models or reality) the flim flam indicates that Climate is affected by Aerosols.

    Models != Science
    Garbage In = Garbage Out
    un-validated models = propoganda = garbage

  111. Chris Riley says:

    What we are now seeing is the demonstration the instability of falshoods. The maintainece of a lie eventually requires the production of more than one additional lie. Eventually this results in a situation where lies are produced at rates that resemble the production rate of snowflakes by a blizzard. The snow is starting to stick and the temperature and the barometric pressure are falling. The good news is that when this is over the credibility of those who attempted to hijack science for purely political purposes will be both thouroughy and permanently destroyed.

  112. adolfogiurfa says:

    Please look at this photo:
    http://www.giurfa.com/volcanes.jpg
    There are 8 volcanoes, one of them, the Huaynaputina, erupted with a VEI=6, during the Maunder Minimum. There are, also, more than 3´000,000 people down there, do you see any of those pesky and contaminating human begins down there?, any of their contaminating industries, copper roasting plants, etc., there?
    This is, as you see, a REALITY CHECK.
    As the great George Carlin said: “the Earth is not going anywhere, WE ARE!, …so pack your sh**s folk, WE are leaving…! “

  113. John@EF says:

    Guest post by Dr. Patrick Michaels:
    “This paper marks, in my opinion, the death of credibility for Nature on global warming. The first symptoms showed up in 1996 when they published a paper by Ben Santer and 13 coauthors that was so obviously cherry-picked that it took me and my colleagues about three hours to completely destroy it.”
    ================
    Mr. Michaels, I find it amusing that you keep bringing up the Santer paper after Dr. Santer so thoroughly owned you on the subject during your dishonet congressional testimony a year-and-a-half ago. The credibilty of your criticism amounts to zero, IMO.

  114. pcknappenberger says:

    John@EF (April 12, 2012),

    You’ve got the wrong paper.

    -Chip Knappenberger

  115. Joseph Bastardi says:

    So we are to believe that the oceans, with a thousand times the heat capacity of the air, are being driven by trace gas needed for life on the planet that accounts for 1/400th of the greenhouse gasses and .04% of the atmosphere? Also the supposed facts that TERMITES emit over 56 billion tonnes of c02 to mans 22 billion tonnes, and that according to DOE, mans contribution of co2 in the 1990s when the bulk of the warming took place was only 3 to 5% added to this makes me wonder, does anyone on that side of the issue stop and look not only at recent data but the sheer magnitude of the weight indicating co2 CAN NOT have anything to do with this that would be able to be detected. Combine that with the recent advancement of ideas that the specific gravity, heat and radiative properties are different and the fact that record cold is now showing up over the tropics at the very place trapping hot spots were supposed to be developing, that the pdo has flipped and the AMO is now cooling, AHEAD OF SCHEDULE, makes me wonder how these people could have risen to the levels they have, and have any credibility at all. There is no way you can look at these facts and not at least have doubt, if not just laugh at the absurdity it will be proven to be.

    I will tell you this. I can now see how the Germans and Italians were brainwashed in the 1930s. Give fanatics control and have them keep pressing their agenda on unsuspecting people and you can see the results. A different type here, more soft tyranny, but unless stopped it will again mean a giant setback for the progress of mankind, Kind of scary.

  116. James Ard says:

    We’d be living in a much better world if more of our politicians had developed their world views from MAD Magazine. Cynicism is a virtue.

  117. Crispin in Johannesburg says:

    @Gail Combs says:
    Looking to Nature for science on the climate is like looking to Mad Magazine for political commentary.
    ___________________________
    You are insulting Mad Magazine.
    ++++++++++++++

    At least Mad Magazine is funny.

  118. Crispin in Johannesburg says:

    @Mervyn says:

    It is now blatantly obvious that science is scraping the bottom of the barrel with such nonsense. There was a time when one could have faith in the peer review scientific literature. Now, I believe there are two types of scientific literature (a) studies like this one constantly trying to promote the catastrophic man-made global warming mantra, and (b) studies that constantly expose such studies and demonstrate there is no basis to support the catastrophic man-made global warming mantra. It truly has descended into a bloody mess, and a joke!

    ++++++++++++++

    Remember when Mann said they had to get rid of the MWP? The reason was obviously the contradiction between the temperatures at the time and the modern warming. Now someone has obviously said, “We need to get rid of the AMO.” The reason is obviously because it proves the natural AMO dramatically overwhelms the human contributions. This will no doubt lead to a new book debunking the AMO-stick and the Team will in response rally round their fallen hero with soothing public words and private ridicule. Yawn….

  119. The editors of Nature seem to subscribe to reductionism, the proposition that every system can be reduced to cause and effect relationships. In systems which, like the climate, have non-linear dynamics, reductionism is a false proposition.

  120. pbittle says:

    They need headlines in the run up to Rio, that they can justify their gathering. It also provides a needed sound-bite that will reinforce to the uninformed that the West is bad and owes the 2nd and 3rd world its existence. Thus the West also owes them its wealth, since it was upon the backs of the “downtrodden” that the West has prospered.

  121. Urederra says:

    Robbie says:
    April 12, 2012 at 5:33 am
    “..that it took me and my colleagues about three hours to completely destroy it.”

    Well well Mr. Michaels: Why haven’t you published a rebuttal in the same or in another magazine?
    Beat these scientists at their own game. Not in blogs.

    OH, you are soooo naïve.

    Let´s say that the chances of having the rebuttals reviewed by the authors of the paper at stake are high. And do you think the reviewers are going to let the journal publish the rebuttal? not a chance.

    Look at Steig et al 2009 Nature paper, Harry, the weather station on the western Antarctica that showed the largest upward trend produced data prior to its construction. Harry AWS station was built in Nov 1994 but Steig paper produces numbers for Harry back to 1979. There were only less than a dozen west Antarctic stations described in the paper. The paper has 6 authors and it should have reviewed, and approved for publication, for at least 2 reviewers, yet, nobody noticed the error.

    Do you think that it was a mistake or it was something worse? If you think it was just a mistake you are being naïve.

    http://climateaudit.org/2009/02/02/when-harry-met-gill/

  122. Jeff B. says:

    The AGW crew is desperate. The wheels are coming off, and they know it. Hence the circling of the wagons to their controlled outlets such as Nature and the latest round of fantastic and ridiculous claims. These are the last gasps. The public is simply bored with and unconvinced by decades of Chicken Little hysteria from Hansen, Gore, Schmidt, Santer, Mann, Jones, et. al.

  123. wsbriggs says:

    I think truly Nature Has Jumped The Shark with this one. Seems so appropriate in this context.

  124. John@EF says:

    pcknappenberger says:
    April 12, 2012 at 8:28 am

    John@EF (April 12, 2012),

    You’ve got the wrong paper.
    -Chip Knappenberger
    =====
    Sorry, Chip, can you help me out? Which 1996 paper was Michaels referencing in my quote from his commentary, above, and which paper is being discussed at about the 11:30 mark of the video I posted during their discussion on aerosols?

  125. Smokey says:

    John@EF (April 12, 2012),

    You’ve got the wrong paper.

    -Chip Knappenberger

    John@EF,

    You are so pwned!

  126. John@EF says:

    Smokey says:
    April 12, 2012 at 9:54 am

    John@EF,
    You are so pwned!
    =====
    While I wait for Chip to reply, perhaps you could answer the questions I posed too, given, I was so pwned, and such. Thanks in advance.

  127. Reed Coray says:

    As used by Nature and other AGW journals, Climate Science(?) “Models” are morphing into useful “public-consumption transfer functions.” Specifically, to give gravitas to a Climate Scare Story, (1) a Scary Climate Scenario is conceived, (2) a “Model” is created that translates (transfers) the Scary Climate Scenario into scientific terms which the general public doesn’t understand but assumes are valid because after all who can question all those scientific terms?, and (3) the “inverse” of the scientific terms which reconstructs the “Scary Climate Scenario” is then used to “prove” the Scary Climate Scenario.” P.T. Barnum would be proud.

  128. FerdiEgb says:

    higley7 says:
    April 12, 2012 at 4:57 am

    It is no surprise that they take CO2 data from ice cores and correlate them with temperatures from away, derived from data not of that area.

    They just as logically merged Antarctic ice core data with Mauna Loa volcano data to produce their fraudulent CO2 record for the last 100 years and we know what they had to do to make the data merge nicely, advancing data in to the future until they overlapped.

    Highley, sorry but the CO2 data from ice cores are not “advanced in the future”, that is something the late Jaworowski said, but that only shows that he didn’t accept that the age of the gas phase in ice cores is (much) younger than the ice at the same depth. Jaworowski was completely wrong. That was proven by Etheridge e.a. already in 1996. Here the results:
    http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/klim_img/law_dome_overlap.jpg

  129. FerdiEgb says:

    Joseph Bastardi says:
    April 12, 2012 at 8:33 am

    So we are to believe that the oceans, with a thousand times the heat capacity of the air, are being driven by trace gas needed for life on the planet that accounts for 1/400th of the greenhouse gasses and .04% of the atmosphere? Also the supposed facts that TERMITES emit over 56 billion tonnes of c02 to mans 22 billion tonnes.

    .04% of your bodyweight as cyanide is enough to kill you. Percentages are not important, effect is. Not that I think that the increase from 0.03% to 0.04% of CO2 in the atmosphere will have a huge effect, but it is of no help to use arguments which make no sense. The same for what termites emit. That was and is a part of the natural cycle. Except if you have some knowledge that the emissions from termites increased in the recent past in ratio with human emissions, that may be an interesting point (but not more than that). Human emissions are additional to the natural carbon cycle, termite emissions are just part of it…

  130. Gail Combs says:

    I just ran across an interesting Scientific American Article. in my comment here, I linked to a study that shows dicey conduct on the part of scientists is rather common. However the Scientific American Article, base on the opinion of Dr. Goldstein.

    When Scientists Sin: Fraud, deception and lies in research reveal how science is (mostly) self-correcting
    …Goodstein should know because his job as the vice provost of Caltech was to investigate allegations of scientific misconduct….

    …So some scientists sin, it’s true. Given the fiercely competitive nature of research funding and the hardscrabble intensity of scientific status seeking, it is surprising that fraud isn’t more rampant. The reason that it is so rare (compared with, say, corruption in politics) is that science is designed to detect deception (of one’s self and others) through colleague collaboration, graduate student mentoring, peer review, experimental corroboration and results replication. The general environment of openness and honesty, though mythic in its idealized form, nonetheless exists and in the long run weeds out the cheats and exposes frauds and hoaxes, as history has demonstrated.

    So it would seem that the “gate keepers” in the universities like Goodstein at Caltech are imitating the three monkeys, not scientists. If 14.12% outright falsification, and up to 72% questionable research practices is what Dr. Goodstein and Scientific American considered “rare” I would hate to see what they would consider “alarming”

  131. SunderlandSteve says:

    1st they had to get rid of the MWP, then the LIA, now the AMO, next it’ll be the PDO. They won’t rest till they have erradicated all possible natural variation, leading to the unescapable conclusion that it can only be man and man alone that is the culprit.

  132. Jimbo says:

    Is this the same model used to predict milder UK winters? I call the paper horse s##t.

  133. FerdiEgb says:

    John@EF says:
    April 12, 2012 at 8:16 am

    I have seen the first part of the film you presented. It seems that the main counterargument is exactly where this discussion is about. Santer used the “best estimate” of cooling aerosols, but that is very questionable and doesn’t explain the temperature increase in the period 1910-1945, which is as steep as in the period 1975-2000, neither does it the current standstill in temperature at record CO2 emissions, while the Western countries reduced their SO2 emissions, but SE Asia increased theirs with about the same amount. Thus the recent period doesn’t show any increase in cooling aerosols. Moreover even above China, most of the aerosols measured in the free atmosphere are of natural origin:
    http://acmg.seas.harvard.edu/publications/heald_2005.pdf

    In my opinion, aerosols were just a scapegoat to fit the models with the 1945-1975 cooling. See further:
    http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/oxford.html and
    http://www.ferdinand-engelbeen.be/klimaat/aerosols.html

  134. pcknappenberger says:

    John@EF (April 12, 2012 at 9:38 am).

    Sorry, John, I stand corrected. I recalled Santer’s (a href=”http://www.masterresource.org/2010/12/divvy-up/”>incorrect in my opinion) rebuttal to Pat’s demonstration that the IPCC’s usage of the term “very likely” was not appropriate in assigning most of the warming since the mid-20th century to increases in GHGs, but I had forgotten that the 1996 paper was also brought up at the Hearing. As you may have guessed, I was not as convinced/enamored/taken in by Ben’s defense of his 1996 paper as you were.

    -Chip

  135. John@EF says:

    @pcknappenberger says: April 12, 2012 at 10:55 am

    Thanks for your reply, Chip. Your impression of non/convincing nature of Santer’s brief defense against Michaels attack on the 1996 paper in that clip aside for a moment – remember, Santer e.a. had already replyed to Michaels’ criticism a written journal response – I’m interested in your impression of the veracity of Michael’s testimony, generally. There are other clips from that testimony available for viewing too. Michaels adheres to his now primary role of advocate, where rhetorical tools like half-truths, diversion, etc., abound. I’m sorry, but Pat Michaels is not a credible source if you’re interested in balanced and comprehensive analysis and commentary on these issues.

  136. Smokey says:

    John@EF says:

    “I’m sorry, but Pat Michaels is not a credible source if you’re interested in balanced and comprehensive analysis and commentary…”

    I’m sorry, this article is on the crashing credibility of the journal Nature. If you want to make statements about “balanced and comprehensive analysis and commentary”, then we will discuss the thoroughly corrupt individuals on your side of the fence: Hansen, Schmidt, Mann, Santer, and all the rest of the conniving, unethical rent-seeking reprobates on display in the Climategate emails. Not one of them has any honesty or credibility, the emails simply show variations of how corrupt each individual tax sponge is.

  137. Allan MacRae says:

    More FABRICATED aerosol data..

    Booth et al. reportedly use the historical aerosol emissions pathway defined for CMIP5.
    http://cmip-pcmdi.llnl.gov/cmip5/forcing.html

    I have included some excerpts below, but have only a limited time to pursue this question. Perhaps others have more time to investigate further.

    I infer from this information that the aerosol data used in the climate computer models (particularly pre-1970) is as I stated before – fabricated, not measured.

    Furthermore, the fabricated data is inconsistent with historic measurements.

    Regards, Allan

    4. Emissions data for other chemical species. 14 Jan 2010
    http://cmip-pcmdi.llnl.gov/cmip5/forcing.htm

    The pre-industrial, historical and future (RCP) emissions of other greenhouse gases and of anthropogenic aerosols are available at two sites in slightly different formats and with one site resolving the annual cycle. The basic data are supposed to be the same. Here are the site URLs:
    IIASA: http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web-apps/tnt/RcpDb/dsd?Action=htmlpage&page=welcome
    Juelich: ftp://ftp-ipcc.fz-juelich.de/pub/emissions/gridded_netcdf/tarfiles/
    [ On some browsers clicking on this link may not work. If it doesn't, try to reach the site from a terminal window: ftp ftp-ipcc.fz-juelich.de (user: anonymous, passwd: {your_email} )]
    There are no emissions data currently available for natural aerosols (e.g., volcanic, sea salts, dust).
    ________
    Data Downloads
    http://www.iiasa.ac.at/web-apps/tnt/RcpDb/dsd?Action=htmlpage&page=download

    Please register in order to download data. Files include spreadsheets for harmonized global concentrations and radiative forcings, and harmonized regional emissions. Spatial emissions are provided as separate files in net-cdf format.

    CMIP5 recommended data is provided in a separate download section further below (available upon registration). The CMIP5 data includes:
    1) historical atmospheric concentrations as well as concentrations for the RCPs (2005-2100) and their extension to 2300 (ECPs). In total, atmospheric concentration of the following gases are provided: CO2, CH4, N2O, all flourinated gases controlled under the Kyoto Protocol (HFCs, PFCs, and SF6), and ozone depleting substances controlled under the Montreal Protocol ( CFCs, HCFCs, Halons, CCl4, CH3Br, CH3Cl).
    2) historical emissions data (1850 – 2000) as well as emissions for the RCPs (2000-2100). In total emissions of the following gases are provided: CH4, SO2, NOx, CO, NH3, as well as of BC, OC and VOC. Other additional species such as C2H4O (acetaldehyde), C2H5OH (ethanol), C2H6S (dimethyl sulphide), C3H6O (acetone), etc. are available only for historical biomass burning emissions (see below).
    3) historical aerosols data (1850 – 2000) on the following species: sulfate (SO4), ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), hydrophobic black carbon (CB1), hydrophilic black carbon (CB2), hydrophobic organic carbon (CB1), hydrophilic organic carbon (CB2), secondary organic aerosols (SOA), dust (DST01-04, small to large sizes)) and sea-salt SSLT01-04). In addition, temperature (T) and surface pressure (PS) is provided to enable unit conversion (all aerosol are in kg/kg, dry mass).
    4) historical and RCP land-use projections and associated land-use transitions.

  138. acckkii says:

    It is a strange story. If you can imagine for an end to football games, then perhaps the argument on the global warming can also be considered as “terminated”. Journal Nature was respected for years, but now it is hated overnight. Excommunication of a magazine? Why? Say that Journal Nature has suffered from politicization?
    At this point, the number of interpretations that appear in this heated up debate is nearly about 130. Not too many. With this small number, Nature is neither discredited nor destroyed. Your success in dealing with opposing views have been so far through the use of your patience reasonably in solving scientific problems, neither have been accusations of your opponents nor their excommunication. Journal Nature is just like the football field. You can play, just do it. Your reasons are still there and as it turns out you did not dodge a debate with the rival groups ever. This is a new opportunity. This is just the beginning. To me the fact is that the topic was just an excuse for a new start. that’s pretty NICE.

  139. Smokey says:

    acckkii says:

    “Journal Nature was respected for years, but now it is hated overnight. Excommunication of a magazine? Why? Say that Journal Nature has suffered from politicization?”

    Not “overnight”. This problem has been ramping up for years. You can read about the collusion between the alarmist clique and Nature, among other journals, in the Climategate emails.

    And yes, Nature has in fact put politics far above science. I take it that your first language is not English, so I’ll give a partial pass. But your reading comprehension should be better. Try reading the article and commenrts again, this time with an open mind. You will begin to see the seriousness of the problem.

    For a good example of the corruption endemic to climate science journals, see this article. Journals have become even more politicized since then. Now, with Nature’s pal review of the easily deconstructed Shakun paper, it is clear that Nature has an anti-science political agenda.

  140. ThoughtsFromMyBalcony says:

    If anything should rest in peace…it’s Patrick’s scientific credibility.

    I have three comments:
    Your views are very controversial and you hear less about this in the news, scientists are also subject to bribery and immensely influenced by their funding source. I’d like to know the funding sources of the author of the post as well as the authors of the Nature paper.
    I think the author seems arrogant and immensely biased towards his views and although there were 13 authors in the Nature paper, i think it shows support from LEADING researchers in the field and gives the paper more credibility.
    As a future PhD in Chemistry academic, I thought the point of a reviewer and scientist is to allow the data to lead the discussion objectively…not reading a paper knowing you will shred it apart.
    I wanted to know if the increase in fossil fuel consumption correlating to longer lifetimes is like longer lifetimes correlating with the universe’s red shift. It is also misleading because it sound as if the leaking of green house gases into the automosphere promotes our healthcare? That just sounds absurd. If you are implying that fossil fuel, through fostering industrial production, manufacturing, and research, promoted indirectly longer lifetime, i might agree with you…with a huge grain of salt.

    It’s people like Patrick which motivates me to work my tail off in school and replace stubborn, biased, and misled resarchers like him. Instead of facilitating our understanding of climate change, Patrick is just a gigantic road block.

  141. Smokey says:

    @BalconyThoughts:

    This article is about corruption in the pal-reviewed journal Science. However, you have turned your comments into an ad hominem attack. That is because you are a very young know-nothing lacking supportable facts, whereas Dr. Michaels has been the target of know-nothings because he is very effective and knowledgeable. And the facts [which you will not address] are in his article.

    Speaking of the stubborn, biased and misled, look in the mirror. You have been spoon-fed alarmist propaganda for so long that you cannot see that none of it stands up to the scientific method. The entire CAGW scare is based on the demonization of “carbon”. In fact, CO2 is harmless, and beneficial. Show us where it has caused any global harm; and try to keep the scientific method in mind: examples must be based on testable, reproducible, and verifiable evidence, not computer models.

  142. Allan MacRae says:

    ThoughtsFromMyBalcony says ad homs and nonsense.

    The pre-1970 aerosol data used in this paper is literally fabricated “from thin air”.

    You cannot demonstrate anything from this fatally flawed approach.

    Here is proof – assume different aerosol data and you will get a different result.

  143. The prinicipal use of the charcoal was almost exclusively for production of high quality steel for weapons and armour.

    I’m afraid you are wrong. Charcoal was the fuel used by blacksmiths. In pre-industrial Europe every village of any size would have had a blacksmith, usually referred to as a smith. Which is why Smith is the commonest name amongst people of English heritage.

  144. If “anthropogenic aerosols” have such a profound effect on the Atlantic, why wouldn’t they have the same effect on the Pacific?

    The Pacific is much bigger and ENSO is the main driver of Pacific SSTs.

    You can see the effect of the mid-1990s SE Asia smogs on Eastern Pacific SSTs..

    http://i34.tinypic.com/5tx6qg.jpg

    Otherwise, we have a much clearer picture of how aerosols have changed over N America and Europe over the 20th C, than over Asia. I suspect we don’t have enough data to a Pacific analysis.

  145. Even if this paper is ****, it should still be welcomed because it claims GHGs are not the primary driver of the AMO and by implication a proportion of the 20thC climate change.

    The use of the term ‘dirty pollution’ is laughable. As opposed to what, clean pollution?, dirty non-pollution? The reason for the term is that having labelled CO2 as pollution, they need some way to refer to real pollution, hence dirty pollution.

  146. richardscourtney says:

    Allan MacRae:

    At April 12, 2012 at 7:10 pm you rightly say;
    “ThoughtsFromMyBalcony says ad homs and nonsense.
    The pre-1970 aerosol data used in this paper is literally fabricated “from thin air”.
    You cannot demonstrate anything from this fatally flawed approach.
    Here is proof – assume different aerosol data and you will get a different result.”

    YES!
    Clearly the troll posting as ThoughtsFromMyBalcony did not read the thread in the link you provided in your post at April 12, 2012 at 3:47 am; viz.
    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/08/02/aerosol-sat-observations-and-climate-models-differ-by-a-factor-of-three-to-six/#comment-711396

    And the posts from Philip Bradley demonstrate that he, too, is unaware that each climate model uses completely fabricated aerosol data.

    One of my comments which you cite seems germane so I copy it here because ThoughtsFromMyBalcony and Philip Bradley have clearly found it too difficult to find in the link.

    Richard
    _______________________________

    Richard S Courtney says:

    August 2, 2011 at 6:46 am

    Friends:

    The article quotes Penner saying:
    “The satellite estimates are way too small,” said Joyce Penner, the Ralph J. Cicerone Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric Science. “There are things about the global model that should fit the satellite data but don’t, so I won’t argue that the models necessarily are correct. But we’ve explained why satellite estimates and the models are so different.”

    Hmmm. Let us consider what we know about how the models incorporate climate sensitivity and aerosol effects.

    None of the models – not one of them – could match the change in mean global temperature over the past century if it did not utilise a unique value of assumed cooling from aerosols. So, inputting actual values of the cooling effect (such as the determination by Penner et al.) would make every climate model provide a mismatch of the global warming it hindcasts and the observed global warming for the twentieth century.

    This mismatch would occur because all the global climate models and energy balance models are known to provide indications which are based on
    1.
    the assumed degree of forcings resulting from human activity that produce warming
    and
    2.
    the assumed degree of anthropogenic aerosol cooling input to each model as a ‘fiddle factor’ to obtain agreement between past average global temperature and the model’s indications of average global temperature.

    More than a decade ago I published a peer-reviewed paper that showed the UK’s Hadley Centre general circulation model (GCM) could not model climate and only obtained agreement between past average global temperature and the model’s indications of average global temperature by forcing the agreement with an input of assumed anthropogenic aerosol cooling.

    And my paper demonstrated that the assumption of aerosol effects being responsible for the model’s failure was incorrect.
    (ref. Courtney RS An assessment of validation experiments conducted on computer models of global climate using the general circulation model of the UK’s Hadley Centre Energy & Environment, Volume 10, Number 5, pp. 491-502, September 1999).

    More recently, in 2007, Kiehle published a paper that assessed 9 GCMs and two energy balance models.
    (ref. Kiehl JT,Twentieth century climate model response and climate sensitivity. GRL vol.. 34, L22710, doi:10.1029/2007GL031383, 2007).

    Kiehl found the same as my paper except that each model he assessed used a different aerosol ‘fix’ from every other model.

    He says in his paper:
    ”One curious aspect of this result is that it is also well known [Houghton et al., 2001] that the same models that agree in simulating the anomaly in surface air temperature differ significantly in their predicted climate sensitivity. The cited range in climate sensitivity from a wide collection of models is usually 1.5 to 4.5 deg C for a doubling of CO2, where most global climate models used for climate change studies vary by at least a factor of two in equilibrium sensitivity.

    The question is: if climate models differ by a factor of 2 to 3 in their climate sensitivity, how can they all simulate the global temperature record with a reasonable degree of accuracy. Kerr [2007] and S. E. Schwartz et al. (Quantifying climate change–too rosy a picture?, available at http://www.nature.com/reports/climatechange, 2007) recently pointed out the importance of understanding the answer to this question. Indeed, Kerr [2007] referred to the present work and the current paper provides the ‘‘widely circulated analysis’’ referred to by Kerr [2007]. This report investigates the most probable explanation for such an agreement. It uses published results from a wide variety of model simulations to understand this apparent paradox between model climate responses for the 20th century, but diverse climate model sensitivity.”

    And, importantly, Kiehl’s paper says:
    ”These results explain to a large degree why models with such diverse climate sensitivities can all simulate the global anomaly in surface temperature. The magnitude of applied anthropogenic total forcing compensates for the model sensitivity.”

    And the “magnitude of applied anthropogenic total forcing” is fixed in each model by the input value of aerosol forcing.

    Thanks to Bill Illis, Kiehl’s Figure 2 can be seen at
    http://img36.imageshack.us/img36/8167/kiehl2007figure2.png ]

    Please note that the Figure is for 9 GCMs and 2 energy balance models, and its title is:
    ”Figure 2. Total anthropogenic forcing (Wm2) versus aerosol forcing (Wm2) from nine fully coupled climate models and two energy balance models used to simulate the 20th century.”

    It shows that
    (a) each model uses a different value for “Total anthropogenic forcing” that is in the range 0.80 W/m^-2 to 2.02 W/m^-2
    but
    (b) each model is forced to agree with the rate of past warming by using a different value for “Aerosol forcing” that is in the range -1.42 W/m^-2 to -0.60 W/m^-2.

    In other words the models use values of “Total anthropogenic forcing” that differ by a factor of more than 2.5 and they are ‘adjusted’ by using values of assumed “Aerosol forcing” that differ by a factor of 2.4.

    In summation, all the model projections of future climate change are blown out of the water by the findings of Penner at al.

    Richard

  147. Allan MacRae says:

    Excellent comments Richard – thank you.

    Here is another earlier post on this subject, dating from mid-2009.

    It is remarkable that this obvious global warming fraud has lasted this long, with supporting aerosol data literally “made up from thin air”.

    Using real measured aerosol data that dates to the 1880’s, the phony global warming crisis “disappears in a puff of smoke”.

    Best person regards, Allan

    _____________

    http://wattsupwiththat.com/2009/06/27/new-paper-global-dimming-and-brightening-a-review/#comment-151040

    Allan MacRae (03:23:07) ~28/06/2009 [excerpt]

    FABRICATION OF AEROSOL DATA USED FOR CLIMATE MODELS:

    The pyrheliometric ratioing technique is very insensitive to any changes in calibration of the instruments and very sensitive to aerosol changes.

    Here are three papers using the technique:

    Hoyt, D. V. and C. Frohlich, 1983. Atmospheric transmission at Davos, Switzerland, 1909-1979. Climatic Change, 5, 61-72.

    Hoyt, D. V., C. P. Turner, and R. D. Evans, 1980. Trends in atmospheric transmission at three locations in the United States from 1940 to 1977. Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1430-1439.

    Hoyt, D. V., 1979. Pyrheliometric and circumsolar sky radiation measurements by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory from 1923 to 1954. Tellus, 31, 217-229.

    In none of these studies were any long-term trends found in aerosols, although volcanic events show up quite clearly. There are other studies from Belgium, Ireland, and Hawaii that reach the same conclusions. It is significant that Davos shows no trend whereas the IPCC models show it in the area where the greatest changes in aerosols were occurring.

    There are earlier aerosol studies by Hand and in other in Monthly Weather Review going back to the 1880s and these studies also show no trends.

    ___________________________

    Repeating: “In none of these studies were any long-term trends found in aerosols, although volcanic events show up quite clearly.”
    ___________________________

    Here is an email just received from Douglas Hoyt [my comments in square brackets]:

    It [aerosol numbers used in climate models] comes from the modelling work of Charlson where total aerosol optical depth is modeled as being proportional to industrial activity.

    [For example, the 1992 paper in Science by Charlson, Hansen et al]
    http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/255/5043/423

    or [the 2000 letter report to James Baker from Hansen and Ramaswamy]
    http://74.125.95.132/search?q=cache:DjVCJ3s0PeYJ:www-nacip.ucsd.edu/Ltr-Baker.pdf+%22aerosol+optical+depth%22+time+dependence&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

    where it says [para 2 of covering letter] “aerosols are not measured with an accuracy that allows determination of even the sign of annual or decadal trends of aerosol climate forcing.”

    Let’s turn the question on its head and ask to see the raw measurements of atmospheric transmission that support Charlson.
    Hint: There aren’t any, as the statement from the workshop above confirms.

    __________________________

    IN SUMMARY

    There are actual measurements by Hoyt and others that show NO trends in atmospheric aerosols, but volcanic events are clearly evident.

    So Charlson, Hansen et al ignored these inconvenient aerosol measurements and “cooked up” (fabricated) aerosol data that forced their climate models to better conform to the global cooling that was observed pre~1975.

    Voila! Their models could hindcast (model the past) better using this fabricated aerosol data, and therefore (falsely claim to) predict the future with accuracy.

    That is the evidence of fabrication of the aerosol data used in climate models that (falsely) predict catastrophic humanmade global warming.

    And we are going to spend trillions and cripple our Western economies based on this fabrication of false data, this model cooking, this nonsense?

    *************************************************

  148. acckkii says:

    Smokey says:
    April 12, 2012 at 6:18 pm
    ____________________________
    ……..”Hockey stick itself: the R2 number was so low as to suggest that the hockey stick had no meaning at all, although another statistic, the reduction of error statistic (or RE) was relatively high. It was only this latter figure that had been mentioned in the paper. In other words, far from confirming the scientific integrity of the hockey stick, Wahl and Amman’s work confirmed McIntyre’s criticisms of it! McIntyre’s first action as a peer reviewer was therefore to request from Wahl and Amman the verification statistics for their replication of the stick. Confirmation that the R2 was close to zero would strike a serious blow at Wahl and Amman’s work. ………………….Amman once again prevaricated……..”
    In the circumstances, I still think the games would never end.
    I am so inclined about the subject. Thank you for submitting the true story.

  149. richardscourtney says:
    April 13, 2012 at 1:55 am

    And the posts from Philip Bradley demonstrate that he, too, is unaware that each climate model uses completely fabricated aerosol data.

    I am well aware that aerosols are used as a fiddle factor in the models and have observed that fact many times here.

    Using aerosols as a fiddle factor in the models is not evidence for or against real aerosol effects on the climate. I could cite numerous examples of aerosol effects on climate over all timescales where we have data, from the Weekend Effect thru the effect of the mid 90s SE Asia smog to the developed world and India aerosol emissions over the 20thC.

    I’l note that several comments above equate (claimed) absence of evidence with evidence of absence, which of course its not.

  150. Richard S Courtney says:

    Allan MacRae:

    In your fine post at April 13, 2012 at 3:39 am you say;

    “So Charlson, Hansen et al ignored these inconvenient aerosol measurements and “cooked up” (fabricated) aerosol data that forced their climate models to better conform to the global cooling that was observed pre~1975.

    Voila! Their models could hindcast (model the past) better using this fabricated aerosol data, and therefore (falsely claim to) predict the future with accuracy.”

    Yes! That is exactly what I reported in my 1999 paper which I reference in my post that you are replying. My work used information that was provided by the Hadley Centre to assess how the Hadley Centre GCM was developed. And that was as follows.

    1.
    The GCM ‘ran hot’ (i.e. it showed much more warming over the 20th century than HadCRUT indicated had occurred in reality).

    2.
    The modelers postulated that sulphate aerosol from industry had provided cooling which negated some GHG warming in reality.

    3.
    The aerosol washes out of the atmosphere within days so its cooling effect would be near industrial activity (i.e. the postulated aerosol cooling and industrial activity would have similar spatial distribution).

    4.
    The magnitude of actual aerosol cooling was not (and still is not) known but this did not matter because its magnitude would have to equal the degree of excess warming indicated by the GCM if the postulate were correct.
    5.
    Therefore, a degree of aerosol cooling was input to the GCM
    (a) with magnitude of cooling which forced the model’s indication of 20th century warming to match the observed warming
    and
    (b) the spatial distribution of the cooling was input to the GCM to emulate the spatial distribution of industrial activity.

    6.
    This was a sensible test of the postulate that anthropogenic sulphate aerosol cooling was the reason why the GCM ‘ran hot’; i.e. if the postulate were correct then the addition to the GCM of the postulated aerosol cooling would provide similar spatial distribution of warming to that observed in reality.

    7.
    But the modified model output indicated a very different pattern of temperature changes over the 20th century than was observed; e.g. the model showed most warming where most cooling was observed, and it showed most cooling where most warming was observed.

    8.
    This result was inconvenient because it disproved the postulate that aerosol cooling was the cause of the model having ‘ran hot’, and nobody could think of another possible cause of the model having ‘ran hot’.

    9.
    This finding would have caused scientists to reject the model, but the next IPCC Report was scheduled so the Hadley Centre shouted about the match of global warming indicated by the model and observed global warming over the 20th century.

    10.
    But this match was fixed as an input to the model and was NOT an output of the model.

    Long after my paper about the Hadley GCM, in 2007 Kiehle (see reference in my above post) showed that all other climate models also ‘ran hot’ but by different amounts. And he showed that they each adopt the aerosol fix. But they each adopt a different amount of aerosol cooling to compensate for the different degree of ‘ran hot’ they each display.

    This need for a unique amount of aerosol cooling in each climate model proves that at most only one (and probably none) of the models emulates the climate system of the real Earth (there is only one Earth).

    Richard

  151. richardscourtney says:

    Philip Bradley:

    Your post at April 13, 2012 at 6:31 am crossed with my reply to Alan MacRae. Please read that reply because it says all that needs to be said in response to your post.

    Richard

  152. Smokey says:

    Richard S Courtney says:
    April 13, 2012 at 6:42 am,

    Very good comment and analysis, Richard.

  153. Allan MacRae says:

    Philip Bradley says: April 13, 2012 at 6:31 am
    I’ll note that several comments above equate (claimed) absence of evidence with evidence of absence, which of course it’s not.

    _____________

    Hello Philip,

    Contrary to your statement, the above comment shows evidence of absence:

    Regards, Allan

    Douglas Hoyt:
    July 22nd, 2006 at 5:37 am

    Measurements of aerosols did not begin in the 1970s. There were measurements before then, but not so well organized. However, there were a number of pyrheliometric measurements made and it is possible to extract aerosol information from them by the method described in:
    Hoyt, D. V., 1979. The apparent atmospheric transmission using the pyrheliometric ratioing techniques. Appl. Optics, 18, 2530-2531.

    The pyrheliometric ratioing technique is very insensitive to any changes in calibration of the instruments and very sensitive to aerosol changes.

    Here are three papers using the technique:
    Hoyt, D. V. and C. Frohlich, 1983. Atmospheric transmission at Davos, Switzerland, 1909-1979. Climatic Change, 5, 61-72.
    Hoyt, D. V., C. P. Turner, and R. D. Evans, 1980. Trends in atmospheric transmission at three locations in the United States from 1940 to 1977. Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1430-1439.
    Hoyt, D. V., 1979. Pyrheliometric and circumsolar sky radiation measurements by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory from 1923 to 1954. Tellus, 31, 217-229.

    In none of these studies were any long-term trends found in aerosols, although volcanic events show up quite clearly. There are other studies from Belgium, Ireland, and Hawaii that reach the same conclusions. It is significant that Davos shows no trend whereas the IPCC models show it in the area where the greatest changes in aerosols were occurring.

    There are earlier aerosol studies by Hand and Marvin in Monthly Weather Review going back to the 1880s and these studies also show no trends.

  154. Several commenters allege that the climate models “predict” but they do not do so. They “project” and this is a different concept.

  155. Gail Combs says:

    Philip Bradley says:
    April 12, 2012 at 10:39 pm

    The prinicipal use of the charcoal was almost exclusively for production of high quality steel for weapons and armour.

    I’m afraid you are wrong. Charcoal was the fuel used by blacksmiths. In pre-industrial Europe every village of any size would have had a blacksmith, usually referred to as a smith. Which is why Smith is the commonest name amongst people of English heritage.
    ______________________________
    So what did blacksmiths do? They worked metal as stated. The question is how much metal (and for whom)

    18th century – Oxen and horses for power, crude wooden plows, all sowing by hand, cultivating by hoe, hay and grain cutting with sickle, and threshing with flail…
    1790′s – Cradle and scythe introduced…

    1819 – Jethro Wood patented iron plow with interchangeable parts…
    http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/blfarm1.htm

    You are also missing the population (1850 had a population of 1.2 billion, in 1959 it was 3 billion and now it is 7 billion), and the fact of a switch to coal from charcoal in the 1800′s. It was not until the early 1900′s that iron and steel became cheap enough to be come common.
    …..in 1850 British steel output was only about 60,000 tons.

    Graph of UK steel production from 1870 to 1978: http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/learning_modules/history/02.TU.02/illustrations/02.IL.14.gif

    And there was also forced displacement and genocide such as the Highland Clearances Again the use of steel was not common among the “great unwashed”

    An interesting view of the industrial revolution

  156. Richard S Courtney says:

    Terry Oldberg:

    At April 13, 2012 at 8:27 am you say;

    “Several commenters allege that the climate models “predict” but they do not do so. They “project” and this is a different concept.”

    Yes.
    A prediction is useful, quantified and falsifiable.
    A “projection” is useless, unquantified and unfalsifiable.

    All scientific models predict. And they are all imperfect. But they are all useful.

    Climate models don’t predict so they are merely computer games.

    Richard

  157. Gail Combs says:

    To my other comment showing the scarcity of iron before the modern age, I should have added “pin money”

    …Pin money is money set aside, typically for the “housewife”, to meet her needs and desires.

    It seems that in the early 20th century, pins were quite valuable and were only sold 2 days a year, January 1 and 2. They commanded a high price. The money that a husband gave his wife to buy pins was a large enough sum to earn its own term: “pin money”. In England, the wife often included a clause in the marriage contract giving her a lien on the rents that were collected from her husband’s lands. It was called the “Pin-Money Charge” and was enforced by the courts as a valid contractual right….

    http://obsoleteword.blogspot.com/2006/01/pin-money.html

    More interesting stuff to add to the collection of weird knowledge.

  158. Ray C says:

    Wang et. al say it’s naturally occurring African dust!!!
    http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00413.1 (pay walled)
    “This suggests a novel mechanism for North Atlantic SST variability – a positive feedback between North Atlantic SST, African dust, and Sahel rainfall on multi-decadal timescales. That is, a warm (cold) North Atlantic Ocean produces a wet (dry) condition in the Sahel and thus leads to low (high) concentration of dust in the tropical North Atlantic which in turn warms (cools) the North Atlantic Ocean”.

    “An implication of this study is that coupled climate models need to be able to simulate this aerosol-related feedback in order to correctly simulate climate in the North Atlantic. Additionally, it is found that dust in the tropical North Atlantic varies inversely with the number of Atlantic hurricanes on multidecadal timescales due to the multidecadal variability of both direct and indirect influences of dust on vertical wind shear in the hurricane main development region”

    ………………………………………
    Whereas B.B.B. Booth et. al. say, Our findings suggest that anthropogenic aerosol emissions influenced a range of societally important historical climate events such as peaks in hurricane activity and Sahel drought.
    They want us to believe anthropogenic aerosol do it all. ….emissions of which are directly addressable by policy actions.
    http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v484/n7393/full/nature10946.html

    Piffle! What are they going to do? Turn the Sahara into a golf course!

    Trouble is they don’t know how much dust there is! Or what sign the forcing really is!
    A scaling theory for the size distribution of emitted dust aerosols suggests climate models underestimate the size of the global dust cycle
    http://sitemaker.umich.edu/jasperkok/files/kok2011_pnas_scalingtheorydustpsd.pdf

  159. Keith Sketchley says:

    “Our research implies that far from being natural, these changes could have been largely driven by dirty pollution and volcanoes. If so, this means a number of natural disasters linked to these ocean fluctuations, such as persistent African drought during the 1970’s and 80’s, may not be so natural after all.”

    Um, Booth cannot speak/think clearly? Volcanos obviously fit within the cause category “natural”, can’t blame them on humans.

    Interesting that he used the hedge “implies”, which headline writers will omit. Typical of media today, almost standard with news of medical research. (Sometimes the end of the article will quote the scientists’ caveats.)

  160. Keith Sketchley says:

    “oman’s comment that the Nature paper works against the theory that CO2 is _the_forcer is appropriate. I have the impression that several alarmist recent papers also did so. Of course they usually blame humans regardless.

    As for how Nature magazine survives financially, I’d look at the propensity of university libraries to subscribe (albeit not a huge number of libraries but many), and possibly advertising (marketing people are confused, often wanting to be seen to be supporting research). There may be many researchers who subscribe or at least purchase relevant articles, out of their research grants. I do not know the answer, have not seen the rag.

  161. Richard S Courtney (April 13, 2012 at 10:17):

    Right on! Also, in the regulation of a system it is predictions that are needed. For this purpose, projections are worthless. Thus, after the expenditure of 200 billion US$ on research, IPCC climatologists have produced nothing that would be of value in regulating the climate. Widespread confusion of predictions with projections has led many to believe these climatologists have produced something of value from the 200 billion US$ when they haven’t.

  162. Gail Combs says:

    Ray C says:
    April 13, 2012 at 1:34 pm

    Wang et. al say it’s naturally occurring African dust!!!
    http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00413.1 ….
    _______________________________________________
    Good find!
    And a bit more along the same line.

    The Impact of the Saharan Air Layer on Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Activity
    Jason P. Dunion: CIMAS, University of Miami, and NOAA/AOML/Hurricane Research Division, Miami, Florida
    Christopher S. Velden: CIMSS, University of Wisconsin…

    Abstract

    A deep well-mixed, dry adiabatic layer forms over the Sahara Desert and Sahel regions of North Africa during the late spring, summer, and early fall. As this air mass advances westward and emerges from the northwest African coast, it is undercut by cool, moist low-level air and becomes the Saharan air layer (SAL)….. Recently developed multispectral Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) infrared imagery detects the SAL’s entrained dust and dry air as it moves westward over the tropical Atlantic. This imagery reveals that when the SAL engulfs tropical waves, tropical disturbances, or preexisting tropical cyclones (TCs), its dry air, temperature inversion, and strong vertical wind shear (associated with the midlevel easterly jet) can inhibit their ability to strengthen. The SAL’s influence on TCs may be a factor in the TC intensity forecast problem in the Atlantic and may also contribute to this ocean basin’s relatively reduced level of TC activity.

    PDF: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/BAMS-85-3-353

    Marine and terrestrial biomarker records for the last 35,000 years at ODP site 658C off NW Africa
    PDF: https://www.geo.umass.edu/people/postdocs/zhangpubs/Zhao-biomarker-ODP658C-OG00.pdf

    Abstract
    ….Upwelling Radiolarian Index and the percentage of Florisphaera profunda), surprisingly indicates that the last glacial maximum (LGM) was characterized by warmer sea surface temperature (SST), weaker upwelling, and lower marine productivity, compared with the preceding older glacial and subsequent deglaciation periods. Of the terrigenous proxies, the mean grain size of the non-carbonate fraction and the terrigenous alkane content indicate that wind strength and aridity were high. The weaker upwelling at the 658 site during the LGM may have resulted from changes in the strength and direction of the wind systems and/or shifts in the position and geometry of the upwelling cell….

    Another paper: (computer models)
    Principal component analysis of the evolution of the Saharan air layer and dust transport: Comparisons between a model simulation and MODIS and AIRS retrievals
    Sun Wong, Peter R. Colarco, and Andrew E. Dessler
    PDF: http://geotest.tamu.edu/userfiles/216/wong06.pdf

  163. cgh says:

    Philip, your rebuttal is silly. When you look at a mediaeval economy, village blacksmiths spent by far most of their time on weapons and armour production. The only other large use of iron was in tools and implements, and these were NOT forged steel, which is the principal commodity requiring large amounts of charcoal.

    Fine, double the estimate. It’s still an utterly trivial amount, as is your entire contention that charcoal burning was a significant source of aerosols.

  164. Jimmy says:

    have you guys seen what those folks at Union College are saying about Monckton?

    See: http://www.concordy.com/article/opinions/april-5-2012/on-global-warming-cherry-picking-and-publishing/4321/

  165. Richard S Courtney says:

    Jimmy;

    Nobody here cares- so nobody will check your link- because WUWT is a science blog and, therefore, people here are interested in science (n.b. not smears).

    Please return when yiou have something to say.

    Richard

  166. Interstellar Bill says:

    Looking through the print version that snail-mail brought today brings amazement at how adroitly they avoid saying where their aerosol data came from (darned if I could find it).

    I just had to laugh at the summary article by one Amato Evan, earlier in the same issue, page 170, how a ‘well-known climate model..with up-to-date parameterizations of aerosols…’.
    It must be right because it reproduced the well-known greenhouse warming.
    (I can hear their knees popping with so many genuflections.)

    Evan calls the Booth article’s results ‘compelling’, their model ‘state of the art’, with ‘many implications. Foremost.. is that the AMO does not exist…’Another implication .. swiings in Atlantic hurricane intensity might be…completely man-made’.

    Gee, what did we do to keep hurricanes away from the US ever since Katrina?
    It must be the shining noble governments of the peri-Atlantic countries and their assiduous suppression of aerosol emissions. Keep it us and we’ll never have another hurricane!

  167. You might be interested to see that Ben Booth has commented on Judith Curry’s criticisms on my blog: http://allmodelsarewrong.com/how-to-be-engaging/#comment-1094

  168. Richard S Courtney says:

    Tamsin Edwards:

    Thankyou for that link. I read the conversation with ‘Ben B’ with interest.

    I think it is a prime example of the fact that discussing BS does not reduce the smell of BS.

    The AMO is observed in reality. A model may – or may not describe – the mechanism(s) of the AMO. And it may demonstrate that one such possible mechanism is the appearance of the AMO resulting from interaction of several effects. But a model cannot disprove the existence of the AMO or any other observed effect.

    I think I will write a model which shows the Moon does not exist but merely looks like it exists. Do you think I can publish the results of running my model as evidence that the Moon does not exist?

    Richard

  169. Simon says:

    Just to add WRT the persistent droughts in the 70s and 80s in Africa – if anyone would care to look up! the persistent experiments of cloud seeding off the west coast of Africa at the beginning of the rainy seasons. The scientists who conducted the studies claimed they were to blame for the droughts and subsequent famines during this period. I forget the name of the documentary but I am sure someone will have the information.

    Good site – thanks

  170. joeldshore says:

    Tamino [free advertising deleted. Make your own arguments. ~dbs, mod.] has shown how the Chylek et al. paper that Michaels touts to rebut this Nature paper has its own very serious problems (and, he did this despite the fact that Chylek et al. not only don’t give their code but don’t even give a very detailed description of their analysis).

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