Crater Lake USHCN weather station – the GISS removal

Crater Lake snow depth - just under 10' on May 29th, 2011

Readers may recall I wrote in this article about my family memorial day excursion to Crater Lake:

Crater Lake happens to have a USHCN weather station, and it is one of the few stations that GISS excludes (they have an exclusion code for it in their software Mosher located some time ago).

Steve Mosher commented in detail about that:

Thanks for remembering that Anthony.

In addition to crater Lake there were 4 other northern california stations that GISS had removed from the data. In the paper Hansen merely says this:


The strong cooling that exists in the unlit station data in the northern California region is not found in either the periurban or urban stations either with or without any of the adjustments. Ocean temperature data for the same period, illustrated below, has strong warming along the entire West Coast of the United States. This suggests the possibility of a flaw in the unlit station data for that small region. After examination of all of the stations in this region, five of the USHCN station records were altered in the GISS analysis because of inhomogeneities with neighboring stations (data prior to 1927 for Lake Spaulding, data prior to 1929 for Orleans, data prior to 1911 for Electra Ph, data prior of 1906 for Willows 6W, and all data for Crater Lake NPS HQ were omitted), so these apparent data flaws would not be transmitted to adjusted periurban and urban stations. If these adjustments were not made, the 100-year temperature change in the United States would be reduced by 0.01°C”

Well, I wanted to see the analysis, the code, that was used to make this determination that these stations were flawed. Gavin basically said the paper documented everything, but these words don’t tell me HOW it was done. It just says THAT it was done. Any way that was pretty much why I wanted the code released. When it finally was released, you will see that there is no analysis supporting the removal of these stations. Upon inspection you can see some flakey stuff with the stations, but I was looking for math that quantified the flakiness. In the end, these were excluded by hand.

The argument of course is that including them or excluding them amounts to a tiny difference. That argument never held much water for me. The question, in my mind, was how many other flakey stations were there and was there math that could detect it? I think thats a good question. It doesnt make me doubt the record, I just think its a good question.

===============================================================

I agree. I don’t know that Crater Lake data is flawed or “flakey”, it just may reflect the snow pack hanging around longer, creating a cool bias into summer. With the snow pack as heavy as it is this year, it will be interestign to see if that has an effect of suppressing mean temperature.

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78 Responses to Crater Lake USHCN weather station – the GISS removal

  1. Roger Carr says:

    Hansen: “If these adjustments were not made, the 100-year temperature change in the United States would be reduced by 0.01°C”

    Mosh: “The argument of course is that including them or excluding them amounts to a tiny difference.”

    Way I’ve been reading AGW is that “tiny” is the critical word, or event, right through.

  2. Wayne Delbeke says:

    Wouldn’t this mean that the data isn’t “flaky” but representative of an area with extended snow pack and therefore a cooler environment? So, does that mean GISS eliminates stations that stay cool because they are in alpine regions and don’t fit the “model”?

  3. Metryq says:

    Meanwhile, Kepler did not discard Tycho’s Mars data, even though it was “flakey” and did not dovetail neatly with the assumed perfection of the heavens.

  4. Nick Stokes says:

    The Hansen excerpt cited comes from this 2001 paper. They seem to be talking about a particular study; it isn’t clear that what they say applies to an ongoing index.

    Crater Lake is listed in GISS’ station data in the normal way
    here. It’s on line 4522 of their inventory file. I think you should show the evidence if you think it has been excluded from the index calculations.

  5. Interstellar Bill says:

    You can take a strong bet that if those stations had consistently higher temps rather than lower, then rather than reject them as ‘flakey’ they would install even more stations nearby.

  6. HungarianFalcon says:

    Why not use some sort of a statistical outlier test to determine whether to throw out data points like we’re taught in Analytical Chemistry (even at the undergrad level, it’s not rocket science)? Another example of these clowns making it up as they go?

    HF

  7. GixxerBoy says:

    It doesn’t show enough warming. Exclude it.

  8. jim hogg says:

    Amazing. Anomalous data is still representative of that little bit of reality that is part of the big picture. Presumably there are instances of stations being removed from the record because of the opposite effect. . . ? It’s shenanigans such as this that provoke distrust in the whole temperature record.

  9. Alpha Tango says:

    I wonder how many similar removals were made for stations that exhibited a warm bias?

  10. Paul Linsay says:

    Cherry picking at its finest, with justification of course. Forget the ground stations and just stick to the satellite record.

  11. mrpkw says:

    “inhomogeneities with neighboring stations”
    They couldn’t whip and beat them into line with each others ???

  12. Dell from Michigan says:

    Flaw=Since these non-urban sites don’t reflect urban heating and would decrease the average temp (although slightly), and therefore don’t support the Global Warming alarmist’s agenda, they decided to exclude them.

    So if these few stations would affect the 100 year average by .01 degrees, how many other sites have been excluded from the average for the same reason.

  13. 1DandyTroll says:

    Even if Crater Lake is snow packed all through summer creating a cool spot, what does that matter? Isn’t the point of climate statistics to include all weather spots, warm or cool, lest you want to create a bias in the data from the get go.

  14. golf charley says:

    Nick Stokes, thanks for the link to Crater Lake. Do you see any trace of AGW in that record?

  15. Frank K. says:

    “Well, I wanted to see the analysis, the code, that was used to make this determination that these stations were flawed. Gavin basically said the paper documented everything, but these words don’t tell me HOW it was done. It just says THAT it was done. Any way that was pretty much why I wanted the code released. When it finally was released, you will see that there is no analysis supporting the removal of these stations. Upon inspection you can see some flakey stuff with the stations, but I was looking for math that quantified the flakiness. In the end, these were excluded by hand.”

    Yes, GISS documentation standards leave a LOT to be desired…

  16. Joe Horner says:

    “The strong cooling that exists in the unlit station data in the northern California region is not found in either the periurban or urban stations either with or without any of the adjustments. Ocean temperature data for the same period, illustrated below, has strong warming along the entire West Coast of the United States. This suggests the possibility of a flaw in the unlit station data for that small region.”

    Couldn’t it also suggest that the broad assumptions that climate in an area will be consistent may not be accurate and that any meaningful “global” measurement needs to be far finer grained than they assume, rather than smeared together like a charcoal picture?

  17. mkelly says:

    Hiding a decline?

  18. Geoff Sherrington says:

    It gets stranger. Here is a long term data string that is in need of adjustment. Does anyone know how GISS would approach adjustment? It is definitely rural, no lights on here.
    http://www.geoffstuff.com/troublesome.jpg

  19. Philip Peake says:

    Just as a reminder, Crater Lake is in Oregon, not Northern California.

  20. Fred from Canuckistan says:

    All data are created equal, but Hansen is smart enough to know when and where some data are more equal than others.

    How Progressive of him.

  21. Tony Hansen says:

    Mosh …’The question, in my mind, was how many other flakey stations were there and was there math that could detect it? I think thats a good question. It doesnt make me doubt the record’

    It is a good question and it does make me have doubts about the record.
    But maybe that’s easier for me because I am not a lukewarmer,.
    I am, and probably always will be, agnostic.

  22. FerdinandAkin says:

    This is more evidence of systematic editing of the historic record to groom analysis to show a modern warming trend. The keepers of the data base make a minor change here, another minor change there (hoping no one will notice) until the results point in the desired direction. When the warming trend cannot be sustained by these targeted editing practices, a sharp cooling will be noted, which will result in yet another ‘catastrophe’ for the alarmists to exploit.

  23. GPlant says:

    No clearer example of cherry picking I can think of.

    GPlant

  24. Bad Andrew says:

    This is cherry-picking. It obviously affects something or they wouldn’t choose to exclude it.

    Andrew

  25. Bill Yarber says:

    Gee, snow hanging around later and later in the season, cooling the local temperatures. Isn’t that how glaciers get started? But of course, what’s 0.01 deg C among friends when we’re talking about the difference between the trend of 0.58 dec C/century instead of the 2-6 degree C rise projected by the inscrutable GCM’s. Death by a thousand cuts!

    Bill

  26. Steven Hill says:

    Stupid is as stupid does.

  27. Ed Caryl says:

    How many other cooling stations were excluded. They dropped several thousand, as I recall.

  28. Ian B says:

    It strikes me as strange that the implicit assumption in the GISS method is that the rural (no lights) sites are the ones in error and that therefore need adjusting or removing. Surely the basic logic should be that the (truly) rural sites are the ones most likely to provide an accurate record of their particular location and so if their records disagree with those of nearby urban or semi-urban sites the suspicion should be the other way (UHI, microsite issues, undocumented station or site moves).

    One thing I was told doing my PhD – there is no such thing as bad data, just incorrect interpretations.

    The moral of that was – get the measurements correct, record and report all the data. Once that is on record, anyone wishing to examine or criticise your interpretation of the results has all the information to fall back on to verify or otherwise the conclusions. This is something that seems lost on quite a few climate scientists, despite many of them coming from Earth Science backgrounds (same as me).

  29. ShrNfr says:

    The ground squirrels in Morro Rock State Preserve, California appear to have another viewpoint on the coming global warming trend: http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/01916/fat-squirrel_1916397i.jpg

  30. Max Hugoson says:

    Guys, again we need to start attacking “mean temperature” as the MEANINGLESS METERIC IT IS!

    You really CANNOT AVERAGE TEMPERATURES!

    You can look at “averages” for a STATION, and compare it’s changes with time. That gives some idea of LOCAL CHANGES.

    But this “mean temperature” of surface stations is a MEANINGLESS METRIC. Because what we are doing with regard to ATMOSPHERIC ENERGY.

    Case in point, it was recently 86 F and 60% RH in Minnesota. Same time it was 104 and 13% RH in Phx. In the true definition of HEAT (i.e., energy content, per lbm of atm.) which was “hotter”? Answer, MN. At 38 BTU/lbm versus AZ at 33 BTU/Lbm.

    If we don’t know the humidities at the observing stations, we don’t know squat. All these yo-yo’s doing “mean temperature” and using it as a metric should have their PHD’s revoked.

    Max

  31. Josh Grella says:

    Nick Stokes says:
    June 9, 2011 at 4:08 am

    I’m not sure what you mean about showing the evidence that this was done. THe following quote came from Hansen himself: “and all data for Crater Lake NPS HQ were omitted.” Do you really need more evidence than that? If so, I doubt there’s any evidence that would satisfy your desires.

  32. Josh Grella says:

    By the way, Nick, I realize the quote was from 2001, but if they did it then, what evidence do you have to show that they stopped excluding it?

  33. TerryS says:

    Re: HungarianFalcon
    Apparently CRU throws out outliers (see http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/09/05/analysis-cru-tosses-valid-5-sigma-climate-data/ ). These outliers apparently occur more often in Winter than Summer,
    I dont know about GISS though

  34. Ryan says:

    So what we are saying is that if 75% of stations show warming and 25% show cooling, then the stations showing cooling will get excluded because they are outvoted by 3 to 1. Interesting way of doing an analysis.

    It seems to me that a meterologist would look at the same data and conclude that perhaps the prevailing weather systems had not changed much, but were tracking in slightly different directions making some areas cooler and some warmer, but with no real net effect.

    An engineer might come to the conclusion that the long term temperature trends could not be relied upon to the required accuracy, and that the overall trend was inconclusive.

    I don’t see any justification at all for excluding some sites simply because they don’t fit the expected outcome, and even less justification for other scientists being compliant with the way this has been done. It is something of a scientific scandal.

  35. Has anyone done a study of all the stations that are excluded and see if they mostly disprove AGW arguments? If so, please send me a link. If not, why not?
    I suspect they are mostly excluded because they disprove the warming myth.
    Thanks.

  36. Olen says:

    Still rigging the system to match the theory.

  37. Paul Vaughan says:

    A few years back I was hoping to find good station data across an elevation gradient for coastal British Columbia. I was very disappointed to find very serious data quality issues for coastal mountain stations. (This based on COMMON SENSE manual inspection of the data — definitely NO automated algorithms required.) I contacted Environment Canada with a few questions and they admitted upfront to the issues without hesitation. I was informed that they had considered shutting down one of the high-profile coastal mountain stations (near Vancouver) due to data quality issues. Although data quality was too poor for the types of analyses I had in mind to confirm what I knew from first-hand outdoor experience, I’m VERY glad (thank you Environment Canada) the stations weren’t shut down altogether, as imperfect information is dramatically superior to NO information. By the way, even good coastal mountain data does not strongly correlate with nearby (only a few kilometers away) low-elevation coastal weather stations under all conditions. This is NO surprise. This is, rather, what one sees & experiences first-hand if one is an outdoor enthusiast &/or coastal mountain worker.

    By the way Anthony, 3 meters of snow (10 feet) can melt pretty fast once the North Pacific High settles in for summer. Once that happens, the snow doesn’t stand a chance.

  38. Ken Coffman says:

    That’s an insightful point, Max, thank you. There’s is a lot of nonsense thrown around. Heat energy stored in things with greater thermal masses is more significant than heat stored in smaller thermal masses. We’re fortunate to live on a planet with lots of water and a temperature span that includes two phase changes which modulate the energy/temperature correlation.

  39. Frank K. says:

    Ian B says:
    June 9, 2011 at 6:24 am

    “The moral of that was get the measurements correct, record and report all the data. Once that is on record, anyone wishing to examine or criticise your interpretation of the results has all the information to fall back on to verify or otherwise the conclusions. This is something that seems lost on quite a few climate scientists, despite many of them coming from Earth Science backgrounds (same as me).”

    Excellent points Ian. In fact, what strikes me about this is that it NEVER occurs to the “scientists” at GISS to actually, you know, VISIT the site(s) in question, check out the equipment, and assess the siting(s)! They would rather sit happily in the air-conditioned offices in NYC and decide arbitrarily (or at least without any real-world verification) if data should be dropped due to “inhomogeneities”. Pathetic…

  40. kadaka (KD Knoebel) says:

    Anthony,
    My apologies, but a small correction may be warranted. I found this old Climate Audit post, not long after the GISS code had been FOIA’d.
    http://climateaudit.org/2008/07/19/cedarville-sausage/
    Following the dissection in the comments, it appears GISS was completely deleting some stations, and partial periods from other stations, but then USHCN did some of their famous “corrections” to the records resulting in GISS no longer having to do their own “corrections.”

    So as near as I can follow those comments, which were made in the early days of deciphering the garbled GISS mess, GISS is not currently ignoring Crater Lake, but USHCN is so GISS doesn’t have to.

    As mentioned, that was early days, subsequent analysis may have found otherwise, and you should go through those comments yourself and see what you can make of them, besides checking with Mosher. I hate to feed the beast, but if it’s the truth then it needs to be told, especially here where we know how important the truth is in authentic science.

  41. Eric says:

    So if you can ignore colder trends because they don’t fit the surrounding urban warming trends, why not ignore the urban warming trends because they don’t fit the surrounding cold trends? Seems like the same argument to throw out the urban trends could be made.

  42. ShrNfr says:

    @Max Hugosen: Perhaps we should change the metric to entropy. That would have some real meaning.

  43. Zeke the Sneak says:

    …”The strong cooling that exists in the unlit station data in the northern California region…”

    Where else in the world do we know of that has a lot of “unlit station data”? There wouldn’t be a problem with polar twilight readings, would there Maestro?

  44. James Sexton says:

    0.01C here another 0.01C there and next thing you know if we’ve done it very often, a significant portion of the alleged warming is accounted for. Consider the exclusion of that tiny part of the world from the data……. so yes the question is are there more and how many? How does one go about finding out?

  45. Bob Kutz says:

    In Re; Metryq,June 9, 2011 at 4:06 am ;
    Funny, I was thinking the exact same thing. Tycho’s obsevations didn’t fit what Galileo was selling, and Kepler figured it out. But for that it is uncertain how long it would’ve taken or if Newton would have had the information to figure out Newtonian physics at all. Of course, Tycho was rather disinterested in what the data fit with, he was just showing off how accurately he could record the data. Hmm . . . something to that whole ‘disinterested’ thing, isn’t there. And there you have it; Hansen and Schmidt modifying and eliminating data that doesn’t ‘fit’ their model. Shame that they are setting science back under the guise of doing real science.

    I am sure history will forgive them and hold them in high esteem.

  46. Bob says:

    I find these hundreth’s and thousandth’s of degrees laughable. Please explain what measurements you have that can distinguish temperatures by 0.01C, measure to that resolution and how you get averages at that level when you are making measurements with instruments that probably don’t do better than tenths. Did I miss some statistical treatment that increases your average resolution by an order of magnitude or two over the measurement?

  47. dp says:

    It would be nice if any of this were an indicator of the energy balance between what arrives each moment from the sun and what escapes forever to the dark places among the stars from earth. It doesn’t provide that information and doesn’t even verify or deny global warming. We have no global warming. We have regions of warming, regions of cooling. The business of averaging the temperatures of these regions has no non-political purpose. Leaving out non-warming regions recognizes that what I just spoke is so, and that the purpose is to fulfill non-scientific goals.

    Does anyone need more evidence?

  48. DesertYote says:

    Josh Grella
    June 9, 2011 at 6:31 am
    ###

    He’s a propagandist and only posts to seed FUD.

  49. TOM T says:

    Bob: It is all laughable. These weather stations weren’t set up to measure global average temperature. They were set up to measure local weather, which is a totally different thing.

  50. carlo napolitano says:

    In cardiology there is the concept of “unidirectional block” . A very bad thing that may happen to your heart and trigger cardiac arrest.
    This is a simple transposition of the same concept: “unidirectional block of flaws”.

  51. I am repeating an earlier question that I did not get an answer to.
    Has anyone done a study of data from excluded stations to see what the effects of their inclusion would be? If not, why not? Wouldn’t that discredit the AGW movement if it can be shown that they are up to shenanigans (which we all know they are) by pointing to hard data?

    Thanks guys.

  52. Louis Hooffstetter says:

    Imagine a map maker discarding anomalously low topographic data points in a given region. Hikers following his ‘adjusted’ map would fall into craters, crevasses, and gorges. Or what if a hydrographer filtered out anomalously shallow data from the middle of the oceans? Submarines using his ‘adjusted’ map would crash into mid oceanic ridges and sink.

    Anomalous data almost always indicates something important that needs to be investigated further. It should never be discarded or ignored until it is fully understood.

  53. Darren Potter says:

    Hansen’s Rules
    If the climate model doesn’t show Global Warming – modify the model.
    If the climate model still doesn’t show Global Warming – modify the results scale.
    If the climate model still doesn’t show Global Warming – modify the input data.
    If the climate model still doesn’t show Global Warming – delete colder weather stations.
    If the climate model still doesn’t show Global Warming – state it does, and call opponents “Deniers”.

  54. Nick should recall that the question I asked was asked in 2007. Upon the release of the code I did in fact check that Crater Lake was removed along with the other station periods mentioned. So, Hansen did tell the truth. He should also be aware that simply because a station is in the INVENTORY does not mean that it isnt removed. One of the first steps in the program is the removal of “strange” stations. So he would actually have to read the code. Actually you have to look at the stations that survive the culling process in the early steps.
    In step 0 the file “Ts.strange.RSU.list.IN_full” lists the stations and the station periods that are removed.
    In one of the last updates to the program this list changed. Basically with the addition of the F52 version the 5 “strange” california stations were added back IN. But you can still see others that are removed .
    122637720000 LAMU lat,lon -2.3 40.8 omit: 1914/07
    148628400000 MALAKAL lat,lon 9.6 31.7 omit: 1990/08
    148628400000 MALAKAL lat,lon 9.6 31.7 omit: 1991/03
    215442140000 UIGI lat,lon 48.9 89.9 omit: 2010/04
    223404300002 MADINAH lat,lon 24.6 39.7 omit: 2010/05
    303838210000 IGUAPE lat,lon -24.7 -47.5 omit: 1985/04
    403718670006 THE PAS,MAN. lat,lon 54.0 -101.1 omit: 1995/05
    614028360003 SODANKYLA lat,lon 67.4 26.7 omit: 2010/03
    614028690001 KUUSAMO lat,lon 66.0 29.2 omit: 2010/03
    614028750001 OULU lat,lon 64.9 25.4 omit: 2010/03
    614028970003 KAJAANI lat,lon 64.3 27.7 omit: 2010/03
    614029290001 JOENSUU lat,lon 62.7 29.6 omit: 2010/03
    614029350003 JYVASKYLA lat,lon 62.4 25.7 omit: 2010/03
    614029580001 LAPPEENRANTA lat,lon 61.1 28.2 omit: 2010/03
    614029630003 JOKIOINEN lat,lon 60.8 23.5 omit: 2010/03
    614029720003 TURKU lat,lon 60.5 22.3 omit: 2010/03
    614029740000 HELSINKI/SEUTULA lat,lon 60.3 25.0 omit: 2010/03
    501947190020 GILGANDRA POST OFFICE lat,lon -31.7 148.7 omit: 1920/07
    651032920010 SCARBOROUGH UK lat,lon 54.2 -.4 omit: 1912/08
    651032920010 SCARBOROUGH UK lat,lon 54.2 -.4 omit: 1912/09
    623160900003 VERONA/VILLAF lat,lon 45.4 10.9 omit: 1987/04
    623161580004 PISA/S.GIUST lat,lon 43.7 161.5 omit: 1987/10
    113655550000 BOUAKE lat,lon 7.7 -5.1 omit: 0-1954
    115624500010 SUEZ lat,lon 29.9 32.6 omit: 0-1888
    140632500000 BARDERA lat,lon 2.4 42.3 omit: 0-1919
    150617010000 BATHURST/YUNDUM lat,lon 13.4 -16.7 omit: 0-1939
    155674750003 KASAMA lat,lon -10.2 31.1 omit: 0-1932
    205526520000 ZHANGYE lat,lon 38.9 100.4 omit: 0-1944
    205528360002 DULAN lat,lon 36.3 98.1 omit: 0-1949
    205535640010 XINGXIAN lat,lon 38.5 111.1 omit: 0-1929
    205538630000 JIEXIU lat,lon 37.1 111.9 omit: 0-1950
    205560800020 LINXIA lat,lon 35.6 103.2 omit: 0-1951
    205565710002 XICHANG lat,lon 27.9 102.3 omit: 0-1938
    205565860010 LEIBO lat,lon 28.3 103.6 omit: 0-1954
    205573480000 FENGJIE lat,lon 31.1 109.5 omit: 0-1956
    205577990000 JI’AN lat,lon 27.1 115.0 omit: 0-1934
    302853650000 YACUIBA lat,lon -21.9 -63.6 omit: 0-1935
    315814050000 CAYENNE/ROCHA lat,lon 4.8 -52.4 omit: 0-1911
    403717140040 SHAWINIGAN,QU lat,lon 46.6 -72.7 omit: 0-1918
    414765560010 MASCOTA, JALISCO lat,lon 20.5 -104.8 omit: 0-1940
    414767260010 CUAUTLA, MORELOS lat,lon 18.8 -98.9 omit: 0-1953
    425702710000 GULKANA/INTL. lat,lon 62.2 -145.4 omit: 0-1930
    425725910004 RED BLUFF/MUN lat,lon 40.2 -122.2 omit: 0-1889
    425745090010 LOS GATOS USA lat,lon 37.2 -122.0 omit: 0-1890
    432788970000 LE RAIZET,GUA lat,lon 16.3 -61.5 omit: 0-1940
    501943330000 BOULIA lat,lon -22.9 139.9 omit: 0-1899
    501943660010 BOWEN POST OFFICE lat,lon -20.0 148.3 omit: 0-1909
    501945660000 GYMPIE (FORES lat,lon -26.1 152.6 omit: 0-1909
    501945890000 YAMBA lat,lon -29.4 153.4 omit: 0-1899
    501947840000 TAREE lat,lon -31.9 152.5 omit: 0-1909
    501948420000 CAPE OTWAY lat,lon -38.8 143.5 omit: 0-1900
    501949330000 GABO ISLAND lat,lon -37.6 149.9 omit: 0-1899
    501949370000 MORUYA HEADS lat,lon -35.9 150.2 omit: 0-1898
    523969950000 CHRISTMAS ISL lat,lon -10.4 105.7 omit: 0-1970
    636085060002 HORTA (ACORES lat,lon 38.5 -28.6 omit: 0-1916
    205544710010 GAIXIAN XIONGYUE lat,lon 40.2 122.2 omit: 1920-1930
    205567780004 KUNMING lat,lon 25.0 102.7 omit: 1940-1945
    207425150003 CHERRAPUNJI lat,lon 25.3 91.7 omit: 1991-1993
    403718260000 NITCHEQUON lat,lon 53.3 -70.9 omit: 2000-9999
    115624640010 HURGHADA lat,lon 27.3 33.8 omit: 0-9999
    134652010000 LAGOS/IKEJA lat,lon 6.6 3.3 omit: 0-9999
    134652360000 WARRI lat,lon 5.5 5.7 omit: 0-9999
    134652430000 LOKOJA lat,lon 7.8 6.7 omit: 0-9999
    205549450010 JUXIAN lat,lon 35.6 118.8 omit: 0-9999
    207433330002 PORT BLAIR lat,lon 11.7 92.7 omit: 0-9999
    210476960010 YOKOSUKA lat,lon 35.3 139.7 omit: 0-9999
    219415600005 PARACHINAR lat,lon 33.9 70.1 omit: 0-9999
    303824000000 FERNANDO DE N lat,lon -3.9 -32.4 omit: 0-9999
    314804440000 CIUDAD BOLIVA lat,lon 8.2 -63.5 omit: 0-9999
    403717300040 RUEL,ON lat,lon 47.3 -81.4 omit: 0-9999
    414762200010 CIUDAD GUERRERO,CHIHUAHUA lat,lon 28.6 -107.5 omit: 0-9999
    414762580020 QUIRIEGO, SONORA lat,lon 27.5 -109.2 omit: 0-9999
    414763730000 TEPEHUANES,DG lat,lon 25.4 -105.7 omit: 0-9999
    414766950010 CHAMPOTON, CAMPECHE lat,lon 19.4 -90.7 omit: 0-9999
    414767750030 CANTON, OAXACA lat,lon 18.0 -96.3 omit: 0-9999
    440785260010 ANNAS HOPE, ST.CROIX VIRG lat,lon 17.7 -66.7 omit: 0-9999
    425724910030 HOLLISTER USA lat,lon 36.8 -121.4 omit: 0-9999
    501947880000 KEMPSEY lat,lon -31.0 152.8 omit: 0-9999
    643081600003 ZARAGOZA AERO SPAIN lat,lon 41.7 -1.0 omit: 0-9999
    643083300010 SINTRA/GRANJA lat,lon 38.8 -9.3 omit: 0-9999
    643083730010 ALBACETE SPAIN lat,lon 39.0 1.8 omit: 0-9999

  55. Darren Potter says:

    >> American Patriot says: June 9, 2011 at 6:43 am: “Has anyone done a study of all the stations that are excluded and see if they mostly disprove AGW arguments?”

    Since the data for those Weather Stations are excluded from NOAA/GHCN Temperature database, there are no temperatures to analyze. Even if someone got the records for the thousands of Weather Stations that have been dropped, (or rendered useless by dropping of multiple months for said stations) the Global Warming Alarmists would only claim the results were not Official (aka Gov. NOAA/GHCN rubber-stamped), thus irrelevant.

  56. Some unphysical looking segments were eliminated after manual inspection of
    unusual looking annual mean graphs and comparing them to the corresponding
    graphs of all neighboring stations. See CLEANING NOTES for further details.

    Now they have added a nice page on this.
    http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/sources/cleaning.html
    So Nick can see what they used to OMIT
    http://data.giss.nasa.gov/gistemp/sources/old.list.of.data.removed.txt

    omit whole record:
    ==================
    115624640010 HURGHADA lat,lon 27.3 33.8 omit: 0-9999
    134652010000 LAGOS/IKEJA lat,lon 6.6 3.3 omit: 0-9999
    134652360000 WARRI lat,lon 5.5 5.7 omit: 0-9999
    134652430000 LOKOJA lat,lon 7.8 6.7 omit: 0-9999
    205549450010 JUXIAN lat,lon 35.6 118.8 omit: 0-9999
    207433330002 PORT BLAIR lat,lon 11.7 92.7 omit: 0-9999
    210476960010 YOKOSUKA lat,lon 35.3 139.7 omit: 0-9999
    219415600005 PARACHINAR lat,lon 33.9 70.1 omit: 0-9999
    303824000000 FERNANDO DE N lat,lon -3.9 -32.4 omit: 0-9999
    314804440000 CIUDAD BOLIVA lat,lon 8.2 -63.5 omit: 0-9999
    403717300040 RUEL,ON lat,lon 47.3 -81.4 omit: 0-9999
    414762200010 CIUDAD GUERRERO,CHIHUAHUA lat,lon 28.6 -107.5 omit: 0-9999
    414762580020 QUIRIEGO, SONORA lat,lon 27.5 -109.2 omit: 0-9999
    414763730000 TEPEHUANES,DG lat,lon 25.4 -105.7 omit: 0-9999
    414766950010 CHAMPOTON, CAMPECHE lat,lon 19.4 -90.7 omit: 0-9999
    414767750030 CANTON, OAXACA lat,lon 18.0 -96.3 omit: 0-9999
    440785260010 ANNAS HOPE, ST.CROIX VIRG lat,lon 17.7 -66.7 omit: 0-9999
    425724910030 HOLLISTER USA lat,lon 36.8 -121.4 omit: 0-9999
    425725130010 FREELAND lat,lon 41.0 -75.9 omit: 0-9999
    425725210010 PHILO 3SW lat,lon 39.8 -81.9 omit: 0-9999
    425725970120 CRATER LAKE NPS HQ lat,lon 42.9 -122.1 omit: 0-9999
    425726710020 ROCK SPRINGS FAA AP lat,lon 41.6 -109.1 omit: 0-9999
    501947880000 KEMPSEY lat,lon -31.0 152.8 omit: 0-9999

    Now, of course, GISS have decided
    “We decided to remove all USHCN data from that list, considering the scrutiny that these data received by NOAA, ending up with “new.list.of.data.removed.txt”.”

    So, Here is what you see. In the earlier version of the program those stations I mentioned were removed.
    Hansen gave what appeared to be good reasons. The difference between land and SST patterns. The stations also diverged from their neighbors in dramatic ways. But this removal was done manually with no supporting analysis. The stations appear in the inventory, but are removed in subsequent steps. So, Nick really doesnt know what he is talking about. In newer versions of the program These stations are REMOVED from the OMIT list. why? because NASA now trusts the QA that is done on them.

    Interesting question: Is there still a difference between the SST and land at that time? Do these stations still diverge from their neighbors? There were some very unique things about those stations that I noted at the time.. argg have to dig up my comments on them all. Next, how do the other stations get on the OMIT list?

  57. Louis Hooffstetter says:

    All should be aware that “Nick Stokes” who posts here on WUWT is just as fictional as his CSI namesake. His / her consistent deflection and obfuscation have lead many to believe that one or more ‘Hockey Team’ members post under this pseudonym. (Gavin, is that you?) We’re just glad the team reads WUWT and helps make it the world’s most viewed climate website.

  58. Thanks Darren. Can’t the data be obtained by a simple request for information (FOIA), filed officially of course? They have to honor that by law (though under this regime that is not a sure thing)

  59. gator69 says:

    If Hansen et al were honest, they would exclude urban stations that are truly flaky and cannot possibly detect a CO2 signature in all of the UHI noise.

  60. stan says:

    Argument from authority fails even more dramatically the moment that the competence or fairness of the “authority” is demonstrated to be in question. As Muller and Curry have stated, they are part of a large group of scientists who simply assumed without question that the science was all solid. Once questions start popping up, the wise man remains skeptical until everything is on the table and carefully reviewed.

    If unscientific adjustments are discovered, the competence and fairness of the whole project come into question.

  61. stan says:

    Stated a different way — when the methodology is demonstrated to be flawed, you can’t say that it doesn’t matter because the first of the discovered errors only makes a small difference. To do so is to assume that there are no other errors. That’s a foolish assumption for the scientifically-minded to make in the face of demonstrated methodological error.

  62. Jimmy Haigh says:

    No wonder they show a global warming signal. If a station shows any cooling, they kill it. They will run out of stations they can use before too long. How many have they got rid of already?

  63. EthicallyCivil says:

    As I read Hansen’s approach, this is his consistent and circular reasoning. Assume (or argue from some set of scientific principles) that the data must be homogenous, discard any that aren’t homogeneous as intrinsically flawed. Publish the amazingly good homogeneity of the resulting dataset, then use this as a basis to apply the assumption of homogeneity in future analysis — for example in-filling the polar hole.

  64. And just to be clear. I have no issue with the removal or now the re admission of any station.
    The whole point was what started this. The paper said the stations were removed because they there was strong cooling that didnt look right. The paper did not detail the METHOD by which this decision was made. what EXACTLY is a strong cooling? .2C, 20C, .02C. WHAT? whenever data is excluded that decision needs to be rigorously documented and defended. AND that decision needs to be quantified. So, I asked for the code because the paper says nothing of substance. ( except that the effect was small, which to ME argued for keeping them in.. funny how that argument cuts both ways ) Anyway, the code and the cleaning notes made it clear that originally the stations, as well as others, were excluded? why? how?. Now, that’s changed again and the stations are back in. The point I am making is academic. I dont think these decisions are critical or that global warming will go away. The point is that these decisions should have full traceability. Whether its chopping off a tree ring series, or tossing out a station, these types of decisions deserve far more attention that they currently receive.

  65. Jimmy Haigh says:
    June 9, 2011 at 11:44 am

    No wonder they show a global warming signal. If a station shows any cooling, they kill it. They will run out of stations they can use before too long. How many have they got rid of already?

    That’s not the case. The case is this. Some that showed cooling were removed. did they run a test? did they just “look wrong?” who did the looking? If I looked would I see the “same thing”. What I am getting at is this. The proceedure was not well defined. did they look for stations that were too hot? was there a test? or just “looking?”

    If there is “just looking”, then how do I repeat that method? So, basically its a call for more rigor and more transparency. Finally, removing COOL periods in the early years DECREASES the trend. Many people make this mistake. They think the objection was an objection to removing COOL stations. That was not point, since the periods of coolness were in the early part of the century. The point was documenting all the steps in the method so that it could be repeated. “manual cleaning” with no guidance cant be repeated, except by luck.

    Dont mistake my pickiness for skepticism. That’s two different things. I believe the record is reliable and useable. However, given its importance I think the methods and decisions need to represent the best we can do.

  66. Jimbo says:

    Call me simple but it’s funny how they can make ‘adjustments’ for UHI but resort to removal in Alpine areas. ;O)

  67. Nick Stokes says:

    steven mosher says: June 9, 2011 at 10:15 am
    “These stations are REMOVED from the OMIT list.”

    Wow! No end to their perfidy!

    So it seems what I initially suspected is true. Crater Lake is not omitted from Gistemp. Well, there’s been a good few hours of ranting – the facts won’t spoil that.

    And my initial reason for that suspicion was sound. Data on the omit list is not shown on the station plots. Crater Lake is shown.

    I’m glad to see they do have an omit list, though. Someone is doing a quality check. If they find issues, do you think they should not omit?

  68. Mike G says:

    Mosh believes the record is reliable and useable despite all the removed norther Siberia stations and the extrapolation of more southern tempertures to more northern locales. Wow.

  69. u.k.(us) says:

    steven mosher says:
    June 9, 2011 at 12:47 pm
    ====
    Thanks for all the effort, and the explanations.

  70. Alan S. Blue says:

    Screw whether it ‘agrees with vaguely nearby stations’, the question revolves around whether there’s a concrete reason for exclusion.

    Changing weather can obviously affect one portion of a region more than another, or nightly weather reports would be exceedingly monotonous.

    Changing -climate- patterns should actually -upset- many of the recognizable relationships between stations. That’s pretty much the entire point to the exercise.

    What do the various satellite temperature maps indicate for this location?

  71. 1DandyTroll says:

    @Nick Stokes

    “So it seems what I initially suspected is true.”

    Actually no since you failed to stay in context defined by the author. And on top of that you failed to make the direct link you referred to.

    So, what was it you “suspected” again?

  72. jorgekafkazar says:

    Max Hugoson says: “…again we need to start attacking “mean temperature” as the MEANINGLESS [METRIC] IT IS!”
    Well, yes, that’s exactly the crux of this post. There is no “global temperature.” “Global Temperature” tracking is a desperate attempt to tease a minuscule signal from outrageously noisy data.

  73. Nick Stokes says:

    1DandyTroll says: June 9, 2011 at 5:08 pm
    “So, what was it you “suspected” again?”

    What were we talking about, again?

  74. Bad Andrew says:

    “Someone is doing a quality check”

    “Nick Stokes”,

    Who is?

    And what are the criteria used and the determinations made and the steps taken in a ‘quality check’?

    Do you know?

    Andrew

  75. sky says:

    GISS’ exclusion of entire records can hardly be called a an exercise in data QC. Not even Hansen, who is scarcely expert in that field, makes that foolish claim. Instead, he appeals to the amateurish premise that temperature variations in a region should be homogeneous and, in coastal regions, correlate well with SSTs. That is very far from physical reality. Even coastal air temperature records are not strongly coherent at all frequencies with offshore SSTs. And the shallow marine layer does not extend far inland when there [are] mountains along the coast. The expectation that at the mountain-top elevation of Crater Lake (~2km) the record should resemble those at much lower elevations scores of miles away is ludicrous.

    Now there’s nothing intrinsically wrong with excluding records representative of only a small area from the construction of regional indices. That certainly should be done with urban records, the intensity of whose spatially concentrated UHI is unknown in practical situations. But that is not the argument that Hansen makes. Clueless about microclimatic variations within a region, he’s simply finding an excuse to ignore a trendless record from a rare truly rural location, while blithely accepting UHI corrupted records from nearby towns in the process. That is trend manufacture rather than QC.

  76. D. J. Hawkins says:

    ShrNfr says:
    June 9, 2011 at 7:41 am
    @Max Hugosen: Perhaps we should change the metric to entropy. That would have some real meaning.

    I believe you mean “enthalpy”.

  77. Michael says:

    How many stations were excluded because they showed temps too high vs those that had temps too low?

  78. Gary in Olympia says:

    Anthony,
    I recall that about the time when these stations came up before there was a journal published paper that found that the glaciers on Mt. Shasta have been growing. I believe this paper was the product of scientists from Ohio State U.

    This would seem to lend credence to the validity of the temperatures of these stations that Steve showed. For example, Cedar Lake is almost due east of Shasta.

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