SMPTE color bars – Click for your own test pattern kit

This page is for posters to test comments prior to submitting them to WUWT. Your tests will be deleted in a while, though especially interesting tests, examples, hints, and cool stuff will remain for quite a while longer.

Some things that don’t seem to work any more, or perhaps never did, are kept in Ric Werme’s Guide to WUWT.

Formatting in comments

WordPress does not provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has the general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the end command. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

N.B. You may notice that the underline command, <u>, is missing. WordPress seems to suppress for almost all users, so I’m not including it here. Feel free to try it, don’t expect it to work.

Name Sample Result
b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text
Command strong also does bolding.
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text
Command em (emphasize) also does italics.
a (anchor) See <a href=http://wermenh.com>My home page</a> See My home page
A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress. It will make a link to that URL and display the URL, e.g. See http://wermenh.com.

Some source on the web is presenting anchor commands with other parameters beyond href, e.g. rel=nofollow. In general, use just href=url and don’t forget the text to display to the reader.

blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text

quoted text

More of my text

Quoted text can be many paragraphs long.
WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike
pre (“preformatted” – use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn’t do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> WordPress handles this very differently
See https://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.

Youtube videos

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, WordPress accepts the HTML for “embedded” videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the “embed” button and it will suggest HTML like:

<iframe width="560" height="315"
        frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>

WordPress will convert this into an internal square bracket command, changing the URL and ignoring the dimension. You can use this command yourself, and use its options for dimensions. WordPress converts the above into something like:

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaBNjTtCxd4&w=640&h=480]

Use this form and change the w and h options to suit your interests.

Images in comments

If WordPress thinks a URL refers to an image, it will display the image
instead of creating a link to it. The following rules may be a bit excessive,
but they should work:

  1. The URL must end with .jpg, .gif, or .png. (Maybe others.)
  2. The URL must be the only thing on the line.
  3. This means you don’t use <img>, which WordPress ignores and displays nothing.
  4. This means WordPress controls the image size.
  5. <iframe> doesn’t work either, it just displays a link to the image.

If you have an image whose URL doesn’t end with the right kind of prefix, there may be two options if the url includes attributes, i.e. if it has a question mark followed by attribute=value pairs separated by ampersands.

Often the attributes just provide information to the server about the source of the URL. In that case, you may be able to just delete everything from the question mark to the end.

For some URLs, e.g. many from FaceBook, the attributes provide lookup information to the server and it can’t be deleted. Most servers don’t bother to check for unfamiliar attributes, so try appending “&xxx=foo.jpg”. This will give you a URL with one of the extensions WordPress will accept.

WordPress will usually scale images to fit the horizontal space available for text. One place it doesn’t is in blockquoted text, there it seems to display fullsize and large images overwrite the rightside nav bar text.

Special characters in comments

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today’s international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that’s the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type this To get Notes
&amp; & Ampersand
&lt; < Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&bull; Bullet
&deg; ° Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))

Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for superscript digits 0-9)

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for subscript digits 0-9)
&pound; £ British pound
&ntilde; ñ For La Niña & El Niño
&micro; µ Mu, micro
&plusmn; ± Plus or minus
&times; × Times
&divide; ÷ Divide
&ne; Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt; > Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Various operating systems and applications have mechanisms to let you directly enter character codes. For example, on Microsoft Windows, holding down ALT and typing 248 on the numeric keypad may generate the degree symbol. I may extend the table above to include these some day, but the character entity names are easier to remember, so I recommend them.

Latex markup

WordPress supports Latex. To use it, do something like:

$latex P = e\sigma AT^{4}$     (Stefan-Boltzmann's law)

$latex \mathscr{L}\{f(t)\}=F(s)$

to produce

P = e\sigma AT^{4}     (Stefan-Boltzmann’s law)


Linking to past comments

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is “hidden” under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose “Copy link location” from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you’re writing. You should see something like https://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The “#<label>” at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, WordPress will create a link for you, you don’t need to add an <a> command around it.

One way to avoid the moderation queue.

Several keywords doom your comment to the moderation queue. One word, “Anthony,” is caught so that people trying to send a note to Anthony will be intercepted and Anthony should see the message pretty quickly.

If you enter Anthony as An<u>th</u>ony, it appears to not be caught,
so apparently the comparison uses the name with the HTML within it and
sees a mismatch.

79 thoughts on “Test

  1. I just had another thought about underlines.

    I think I discovered that if I could get around the automatic spam trap by writing Anthony with an empty HTML command inside, e.g. Ant<b></b>hony .

    What happens when I try that with underline?

    Apologies in advance to the long-suffering mods, at least one of these comments may get caught by the spam trap.

  2. WordPress only displays images for URLs on their own line and ending with a image file extension. If I delete the attribute string above, i.e. ?token=I7JQbQli1swRgik%2BKnIKAmCk52Y%3D then what’s left should work:

    • Now one that would permit image display:

      Update: Right clicking to get the image’s url gave me a URL that goes through WP’s cache via (slashes replaced by spaces, periods by dashes) i2-wp-com wermenh-com images winter0708 P3020227_snowbank7-jpg

    • Now just the image without a suffix:

      Update: This image uses the same URL as the previous cached image. That means we can’t use a changing suffix to force a trip around the cache any more for HTTP images. I’ll play with HTTPS later.

      • Reply to Ric W ==> Thanks — I was fielding comments on an essay using an unfamiliar tablet, and wasn’t sure which and/or both were part of HTML5. I usually use the old ClimateAudit comment Greasemonkey tool, even though its formatting is funky these days, for the tags. Don’t suppose you could update that add-in?

      • IIRC, Greasemonkey was written for CA, which uses a different theme that does WUWT.

        I don’t have the time to figure out the JavaScript code or whatever it’s written in, and I don’t have the ability to make changes that deep in WUWT.

        Instead of Greasemonkey, I often use https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/its-all-text/ . It can open up an external editor, so it has saved my butt a few times when WP loses a post I was making.

  3. Hey, what happened to the old smiley face?? When I tried to post it, this appeared:

    I wonder if WordPress changed any others?

     ☹ ☻

    The old smiley was more subtle; less in-your-face. The new one is way too garish.

    If WP keeps that up, I’ll just have to use this lame replacement:


    Or even worse:


  4. a test to see if images on facebook can be linked without the proper suffix

    [Curious, it worked!– I’ll have to experiment with this some. – Ric]

  5. Comment in moderation, testing for “bad” word:

    Sorry Chris. Voting is not equivalent to driving.

    If I registered to vote in NY four years ago, and then move to NJ, I am not allowed to continue to vote in NY. That would be voter fra*ud.

    What also is voter fra^ud is busing people from a non closely contested state to a closely contested state, i.e. voting under a fra*udulent address:

    (Under-cover video by Project Veritas shows Scott Foval admitting “we’ve been bussing people in” for “fifty years and we’re not going to stop now”.)

    Verifying correct addresses is an extremely important step in fighting various forms of voter fra*ud. You might have known that. Or should have.

    [Sometimes contributors get a bit anxious at the length of time their post takes to get through moderation. Be assured that they will almost always get through and the trap has been because of words like “fraud, scam, denier etc. “. Sometimes it is because of having a plethora of links.

    My advice, such as it is, is not to be too impatient. The moderators here are volunteers and sometimes there may be a gap in coverage leading to a delay. Take my word that if you haven’t been abusive, used a fake ID or been a Sky Dragon type you will get through . . . Merry Christmas . . mod]

  6. Test III …

    Sorry Chris. Voting is not equivalent to driving.

    If I registered to vote in NY four years ago, and then move to NJ, I am not allowed to continue to vote in NY. That would be voter fraud.

    What also is voter fraud is busing people from a non closely contested state to a closely contested state, i.e. voting under a fraudulent address:

    [I can’t seem to get my Youtube embed working. For the video, ask Dr. Youtube about “Rigging the Election – Video II: Mass Voter Fraud”.]

    (Under-cover video by Project Veritas shows Scott Foval admitting “we’ve been bussing people in” for “fifty years and we’re not going to stop now”.)

    Verifying correct addresses is an extremely important step in fighting various forms of voter fraud. You might have known that. Or should have.

  7. I’m ending up in moderation again—and I have had comments approved. I am considering changing to my real name and see if that helps. Any suggestions? I removed links to my blogs and that worked for a while. I don’t understand what I’m doing that is causing the problem and causing you more work.

    • fobdangerclose: Same thing with me. Some comments went into moderation, some just vanished entirely. One showed up much later.

  8. Back to the mails. 1077829152. Jones reviews and spikes a skeptic article, ‘It is having a go at the CRU temperature data – not the latest vesion, but the one you used in MBH98 !!’ Then some shenanigans of some sort I don’t quite get: ‘Can I ask you something in CONFIDENCE – don’t email around, especially not to Keith and Tim here. Have you reviewed any papers recently for Science that say that MBH98 and MJ03 have underestimated variability in the millennial record – from models or from some low-freq proxy data. Just a yes or no will do. Tim is reviewing them – I want to make sure he takes my comments on board, but he wants to be squeaky clean with discussing them with others. So forget this email when you reply.’

    They have suspicions of the American Geophysical Union journal GRL. Too many Contrarian viewpoints getting through.

    A while later, another fired revolver the non-internet media appear to find completely uninteresting:


    From: Phil Jones To: “Michael E. Mann” Subject: HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL Date: Thu Jul 8 16:30:16 2004

    … [Rubbishes a paper that’s bad for them]
    The other paper by MM [McIntyre & McKitrick] is just garbage – as you knew. De Freitas again.
    … I can’t see either of these papers being in the next IPCC report. Kevin and I will keep them out somehow – even if we have to redefine what the peer-review literature is ! Cheers

    He also says that fellow scientist Roger Pielke is ‘losing all credibility’ by deiging to reply to a skeptic.

    This one made me laugh:


    From: Phil Jones
    To: “Janice Lough”
    Subject: Re: liked the paper
    Date: Fri Aug 6 09:26:49 2004

    Most of the data series in most of the plots have just appeared on the CRU web site. Go to data then to paleoclimate. Did this to stop getting hassled by the skeptics for the data series. Mike Mann refuses to talk to these people and I can understand why. They are just trying to find if we’ve done anything wrong.

    Damn them! Damn their impudence!

    In February 2005 Jones will respond to a request by Australian scientist Warwick Hughes for his raw data with the words: ‘We have 25 or so years invested in the work. Why should I make the data available to you, when your aim is to try and find something wrong with it?’ [Not in the leaked mails, but see here, for example.]

    Michael E. Mann wrote:

    Dear Phil and Gabi,
    I’ve attached a cleaned-up and commented version of the matlab code that I wrote for doing the Mann and Jones (2003) composites. I did this knowing that Phil and I are likely to have to respond to more crap criticisms from the idiots in the near future, so best to clean up the code and provide to some of my close colleagues in case they want to test it, etc. Please feel free to use this code for your own internal purposes, but don’t pass it along where it may get into the hands of the wrong people. In the process of trying to clean it up, I realized I had something a bit odd, not necessarily wrong, but it makes a small difference. …

    1092433030. Grant business. 17 million Euros up for grabs. Not enough for Keith. ‘While this is a large sum, I am sure you will appreciate that when distributed among many partners and stretched over five years it imposes a severe limitation on the total number of partners that can be feasibly included.’

    1092581797 made me chuckle with its tales of urgent meetings in Geneva, Trieste, Marrakech and Potsdam. I expect it will seem less amusing when the rest of us aren’t allowed or can’t afford to go there.

    Oh next is something from the Russians again. They’re probably still in Siberia. That makes me feel better.

    But a few mails later Phil Jones is off to Delhi and Seattle. This makes me unhappy again. No, it makes me laugh. People flying all over the planet on an urgent quest to stop other people flying all over the planet always do. 1097159316

    Shit, now Keith is going to Austria in a few days, after having just returned from some other unspecified travels. I am happy for him. All right, I resent it. I shouldn’t be reading this. This is like one of the books my mum reads about glamorous people going to glamorous places.

    Fuck, the next one from Phil Jones: ‘I met this guy in Utrecht last week … ‘ Can’t they stay put for a single frigging minute? I am glad their theory is a crock of shit, because if it was true, the irony of their single-handedly having doomed us all flying around the world spreading the word about it would be unbearable. Mind you, have you seen the pictures of the UEA campus? I wouldn’t spend a minute there either. I hope the poor Russians are getting some money, that’s all I hope. Freezing their gonads off prodding trees while the rest of them gad about the playgrounds of the well-heeled and tenured.

    Concentrate. He’s bad-mouthing Von Storch, a scientist who has gone off-piste, for bad-mouthing the Mann Bradley Hughes papers. I have never badly wanted to go to Utrecht anyway.

  9. TESTS:
    Ok, the above test comment went into moderation. WHY?
    Butu I can see the image didn’t work again. I’m pretty sure this one works:

    Maybe it needs to be httpS (instead of http) ???
    So this version has an S at the end of http:

  10. And — here — they — ARE! :)

    Marching on California! lol

    “On Wisconsin” — Univ. of Wisconsin Marching Band, Rosebowl Parade, Pasadena California


    As Kevin below said, “CA, take note.”


  11. And — here — they — ARE! :)

    Marching on California! lol

    “On Wisconsin” — Univ. of Wisconsin Marching Band, Rosebowl Parade, Pasadena California


    As Kevin below said, “CA, take note.”


  12. Test:


    Ah, I don’t know what I’m doing. I guess I can’t just paste a picture in the comments section.

  13. So I’m looking at the San Jose CA forecast for the next .. 15 days on weather dot com, and we got this (test PRE tag):

    TODAY      Partly Cloudy
    Sat Jan 7      Rain
    Sun Jan 8      Rain / Wind
    Mon Jan 8      Showers
    Tue Jan 10      Rain
    Wed Jan 11      AM Showers
    Thu Jan 12      Showers
    Fri Jan 13      Showers
    Sat Jan 14      Showers
    Sun Jan 15      Showers
    Mon Jan 16      Showers
    Tue Jan 17      Showers
    Wed Jan 18      Showers
    Thu Jan 19      Few Showers
    (that's as far as it goes)
  14. Testing the CODE tag which I think has different effects than the PRE tag (we’ll hopefully see):

    There’s ZERO evidence that CO2 is warming the planet. That is expertly explained in this 4 minute video: xxxxxyx

    Funny you point to your version of “all the climate scientists agree” that CO2 is warming the planet. Possibly there’s some minimal warming from CO2, but more likely there’s near none as any warming is fully countered by the negative feedback of low cloud formation. That’s consistent also with the recent temperature data.

    Regardless, it shouldn’t be our job to carry water for the leftists.

    Let them work to prove that CO2 is causing warming. We should do NOTHING to help them along with that goal, and that starts with saying what it unarguably true: there is no evidence that CO2 causes warming.

  15. Satellite Records and Slopes Since 1998 are Not Statistically Significant.

    Guest Post by Werner Brozek, Edited by Just The Facts

    Please put the following graphic below the title:

    As can be seen from the above graphic, the slope is positive from January 1998 to December 2016, however with the error bars, we cannot be 95% certain that warming has in fact taken place since January 1998. The high and low slope lines reflect the margin of error at the 95% confidence limits. If my math is correct, there is about a 30% chance that cooling has taken place since 1998 and about a 70% chance that warming has taken place. The 95% confidence limits for both UAH6.0beta5 and RSS are very similar. Here are the relevant numbers from Nick Stokes’ site for both UAH and RSS:

    For RSS:
    Temperature Anomaly trend
    Jan 1998 to Dec 2016 
    Rate: 0.450°C/Century;
    CI from -0.750 to 1.649;
    t-statistic 0.735;
    Temp range 0.230°C to 0.315°C

    For UAH:
    Temperature Anomaly trend
    Jan 1998 to Dec 2016 
    Rate: 0.476°C/Century;
    CI from -0.813 to 1.765;
    t-statistic 0.724;
    Temp range 0.113°C to 0.203°C

    If you wish to see where warming first becomes statistically significant, see Section 1.
    In addition to the slopes showing statistically insignificant warming, the new records for 2016 over 1998 are also statistically insignificant for both satellite data sets.
    In 2016, RSS beat 1998 by 0.573 – 0.550 = 0.023 or by 0.02 to the nearest 1/100 of a degree. Since this is less than the error margin of 0.1 C, we can say that 2016 and 1998 are statistically tied for first place. However there is still over a 50% chance that 2016 did indeed set a record, but the probability for that is far less than 95% that climate science requires so the 2016 record is statistically insignificant.
    If anyone has an exact percentage here, please let us know, however it should be around a 60% chance that a record was indeed set for RSS.
    In 2016, UAH6.0beta5 beat 1998 by 0.505 – 0.484 = 0.021 or also by 0.02 to the nearest 1/100 of a degree. What was said above for RSS applies here as well.
    My predictions after the June data came in were therefore not correct as I expected 2016 to come in under 1998.

    What about GISS and HadSST3 and HadCRUT4.5?
    The December numbers are not in yet, but GISS will set a statistically significant record for 2016 over its previous record of 2015 since the new average will be more than 0.1 above the 2015 mark.
    HadSST3 will set a new record in 2016, but it will only be by a few hundredths of a degree so it will not be statistically significant.
    HadCRUT4.5 is still up in the air. The present average after 11 months is 0.790. The 2015 average was 0.760. As a result, December needs to come in at 0.438 to tie 2015. The November anomaly was 0.524, so only a further drop of 0.086 is required. This cannot be ruled out, especially since this site shows December 0.089 lower than November:
    Also worth noting are that UAH dropped by 0.209 from November to December and RSS dropped by 0.162.
    Whatever happens with HadCRUT4.5, 2016 and 2015 will be in a statistical tie with a possible difference in the thousandths of a degree. The difference will be more important from a psychological perspective than a scientific perspective as it will be well within the margin of error.

  16. Here’s a scary bunch of research on sea ice, as it relates to CO2, for anyone who might want to plow through it:


    … very scary.

    … and from S. F. Ackley


    … we have THIS:

    Again, processes in ice seem to exist that we might be overlooking in our assessment of the CO2 story. And if such processes exist in sea ice, then do similar processes (or other processes) exist in glacial ice over millions of years, to render our expectations of records derived from ice records a bit overblown ?

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