# Test

SMPTE color bars – Click for your own test pattern kit

This page is for posters to test comments prior to submitting them to WUWT. Your tests will be deleted in a while, though especially interesting tests, examples, hints, and cool stuff will remain for quite a while longer.

Some things that don’t seem to work any more, or perhaps never did, are kept in Ric Werme’s Guide to WUWT.

WordPress does not provide much documentation for the HTML formatting permitted in comments. There are only a few commands that are useful, and a few more that are pretty much useless.

A typical HTML formatting command has the general form of <name>text to be formatted</name>. A common mistake is to forget the end command. Until WordPress gets a preview function, we have to live with it.

N.B. WordPress handles some formatting very differently than web browsers do. A post of mine shows these and less useful commands in action at WUWT.

N.B. You may notice that the underline command, <u>, is missing. WordPress seems to suppress for almost all users, so I’m not including it here. Feel free to try it, don’t expect it to work.

Name Sample Result
b (bold) This is <b>bold</b> text This is bold text
Command strong also does bolding.
i (italics) This is <i>italicized</i> text This is italicized text
Command em (emphasize) also does italics.
A URL by itself (with a space on either side) is often adequate in WordPress. It will make a link to that URL and display the URL, e.g. See http://wermenh.com.

Some source on the web is presenting anchor commands with other parameters beyond href, e.g. rel=nofollow. In general, use just href=url and don’t forget the text to display to the reader.

blockquote (indent text) My text
<blockquote>quoted text</blockquote>
More of my text
My text

quoted text

More of my text

Quoted text can be many paragraphs long.
WordPress italicizes quoted text (and the <i> command enters normal text).
strike This is <strike>text with strike</strike> This is text with strike
pre (“preformatted” – use for monospace display) <pre>These lines are bracketed<br>with &lt;pre> and &lt;/pre>
These lines are bracketed
with <pre> and </pre>
Preformatted text, generally done right. Use it when you have a table or something else that will look best in monospace. Each space is displayed, something that <code> (next) doesn’t do.
code (use for monospace display) <code>Wordpress handles this very differently</code> WordPress handles this very differently
See https://wattsupwiththat.com/resources/#comment-65319 to see what this really does.

Using the URL for a YouTube video creates a link like any other URL. However, WordPress accepts the HTML for “embedded” videos. From the YouTube page after the video finishes, click on the “embed” button and it will suggest HTML like:

<iframe width="560" height="315"
frameborder="0" allowfullscreen>
</iframe>


WordPress will convert this into an internal square bracket command, changing the URL and ignoring the dimension. You can use this command yourself, and use its options for dimensions. WordPress converts the above into something like:

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yaBNjTtCxd4&w=640&h=480]

Use this form and change the w and h options to suit your interests.

If WordPress thinks a URL refers to an image, it will display the image
instead of creating a link to it. The following rules may be a bit excessive,
but they should work:

1. The URL must end with .jpg, .gif, or .png. (Maybe others.)
2. The URL must be the only thing on the line.
3. This means you don’t use <img>, which WordPress ignores and displays nothing.
4. This means WordPress controls the image size.
5. <iframe> doesn’t work either, it just displays a link to the image.

If you have an image whose URL doesn’t end with the right kind of prefix, there may be two options if the url includes attributes, i.e. if it has a question mark followed by attribute=value pairs separated by ampersands.

Often the attributes just provide information to the server about the source of the URL. In that case, you may be able to just delete everything from the question mark to the end.

For some URLs, e.g. many from FaceBook, the attributes provide lookup information to the server and it can’t be deleted. Most servers don’t bother to check for unfamiliar attributes, so try appending “&xxx=foo.jpg”. This will give you a URL with one of the extensions WordPress will accept.

WordPress will usually scale images to fit the horizontal space available for text. One place it doesn’t is in blockquoted text, there it seems to display fullsize and large images overwrite the rightside nav bar text.

Those of us who remember acceptance of ASCII-68 (a specification released in 1968) are often not clever enough to figure out all the nuances of today’s international character sets. Besides, most keyboards lack the keys for those characters, and that’s the real problem. Even if you use a non-ASCII but useful character like ° (as in 23°C) some optical character recognition software or cut and paste operation is likely to change it to 23oC or worse, 230C.

Nevertheless, there are very useful characters that are most reliably entered as HTML character entities:

Type this To get Notes
&amp; & Ampersand
&lt; < Less than sign
Left angle bracket
&bull; Bullet
&deg; ° Degree (Use with C and F, but not K (kelvins))
&#8304;
&#185;
&#178;
&#179;
&#8308;

¹
²
³
Superscripts (use 8304, 185, 178-179, 8308-8313 for superscript digits 0-9)
&#8320;
&#8321;
&#8322;
&#8323;

Subscripts (use 8320-8329 for subscript digits 0-9)
&pound; £ British pound
&ntilde; ñ For La Niña & El Niño
&micro; µ Mu, micro
&plusmn; ± Plus or minus
&times; × Times
&divide; ÷ Divide
&ne; Not equals
&nbsp; Like a space, with no special processing (i.e. word wrapping or multiple space discarding)
&gt; > Greater than sign
Right angle bracket
Generally not needed

Various operating systems and applications have mechanisms to let you directly enter character codes. For example, on Microsoft Windows, holding down ALT and typing 248 on the numeric keypad may generate the degree symbol. I may extend the table above to include these some day, but the character entity names are easier to remember, so I recommend them.

## Latex markup

WordPress supports Latex. To use it, do something like:

$latex P = e\sigma AT^{4}$     (Stefan-Boltzmann's law)

$latex \mathscr{L}\{f(t)\}=F(s)$

to produce

$P = e\sigma AT^{4}$     (Stefan-Boltzmann’s law)

$\mathscr{L}\{f(t)\}=F(s)$

Each comment has a URL that links to the start of that comment. This is usually the best way to refer to comment a different post. The URL is “hidden” under the timestamp for that comment. While details vary with operating system and browser, the best way to copy it is to right click on the time stamp near the start of the comment, choose “Copy link location” from the pop-up menu, and paste it into the comment you’re writing. You should see something like https://wattsupwiththat.com/2013/07/15/central-park-in-ushcnv2-5-october-2012-magically-becomes-cooler-in-july-in-the-dust-bowl-years/#comment-1364445.

The “#<label>” at the end of the URL tells a browser where to start the page view. It reads the page from the Web, searches for the label and starts the page view there. As noted above, WordPress will create a link for you, you don’t need to add an <a> command around it.

## One way to avoid the moderation queue.

Several keywords doom your comment to the moderation queue. One word, “Anthony,” is caught so that people trying to send a note to Anthony will be intercepted and Anthony should see the message pretty quickly.

If you enter Anthony as An<u>th</u>ony, it appears to not be caught,
so apparently the comparison uses the name with the HTML within it and
sees a mismatch.

## 111 thoughts on “Test”

I think I discovered that if I could get around the automatic spam trap by writing Anthony with an empty HTML command inside, e.g. Ant<b></b>hony .

What happens when I try that with underline?

Apologies in advance to the long-suffering mods, at least one of these comments may get caught by the spam trap.

• Ray in SC says:

Bartleby said;

I’m a fan of tax subsidies and I’d like to express my personal appreciation to all of you who’ve volunteeredwho have been forced to underwrite my attempts to make obscene amounts of money off your labor. You, who are about to die, salute me. Thank you

There, I fixed it for you. By the way, was this a really lame attempt at humor or do you really take pride in having leeched off of society for your own benefit? It would not surprise to me find that it is the latter. since you also seem to fancy yourself as Claudius.

What I got was a system that delivers about 3kWh on the winter solstice and 60kWh on the summer solstice….In a drought year it sees about 50 inches of rain, in an average year closer to 80 inches an a wet year (like last winter) we’ll see 120 inches.

I can believe the 3kWh per day figure in winter but have a hard time believing you can consistently generate 60kWh in summer, especially with the amount of rain you are reporting. Would you care to share the monthly generation figures over a single year? I doubt they support the level of output that you are suggesting.

• Ray in SC says:

I’m a fan of tax subsidies and I’d like to express my personal appreciation to all of you who’ve volunteered who have been forced to underwrite my attempts to make obscene amounts of money off your labor. You, who are about to die, salute me. Thank you

• Ray in SC says:

I’m a fan of tax subsidies and I’d like to express my personal appreciation to all of you who’ve volunteered who have been forced to underwrite my attempts to make obscene amounts of money off your labor. You, who are about to die, salute me. Thank you

• Ray in SC says:

Bartleby said;

I’m a fan of tax subsidies and I’d like to express my personal appreciation to all of you who’ve volunteered who have been forced to underwrite my attempts to make obscene amounts of money off your labor. You, who are about to die, salute me. Thank you

There, I fixed it for you. By the way, was this just a lame attempt at humor or do you actually take pride in having leeched off of society for your own benefit? It would not surprise to me find that it is the latter since you also seem to fancy yourself as Claudius.

What I got was a system that delivers about 3kWh on the winter solstice and 60kWh on the summer solstice….In a drought year it sees about 50 inches of rain, in an average year closer to 80 inches an a wet year (like last winter) we’ll see 120 inches.

I can believe the 3kWh per day figure in winter but have a hard time believing you can consistently generate 60kWh per day in summer, especially with the amount of rain you are reporting. Would you care to share the monthly generation figures over a single year? I doubt they support the level of output that you are implying.

MODS; THANKS FOR THE PRACTICE, YOU MAY DELETE WHEN READY!

2. Wun Hung Lo says:

I’m giving up on this

But the above code works at JSFIDDLE Code testing shop

see for yourself – http://jsfiddle.net/804j6fmd/

Why no work here – it’s nuts !

• LOVE that JSFIDDLE Code testing shop !!! – thank you

3. Yeah, just turned into a link, not even an image. Checking to see if .JPG is okay:

4. John F. Hultquist says:

test of pre tags
with:

1234		45		567
4567		54		897


without
1234 45 567
4567 54 897

• I have been looking for a way to create a table.
How did you do it?

• He used the <pre> command, it’s described in the main article. Pre is for preformatted text and displays in monospace and with all the spaces preserved.

5. WordPress only displays images for URLs on their own line and ending with a image file extension. If I delete the attribute string above, i.e. ?token=I7JQbQli1swRgik%2BKnIKAmCk52Y%3D then what’s left should work:

• Now one that would permit image display:

Update: Right clicking to get the image’s url gave me a URL that goes through WP’s cache via (slashes replaced by spaces, periods by dashes) i2-wp-com wermenh-com images winter0708 P3020227_snowbank7-jpg

• Now just the image without a suffix:

Update: This image uses the same URL as the previous cached image. That means we can’t use a changing suffix to force a trip around the cache any more for HTTP images. I’ll play with HTTPS later.

6. Owen in GA says:

$m_{H2O} \propto A_{surface}$

Is there something wrong with latex support on the test page?

• Owen in GA says:
• Owen in GA says:
• Owen in GA says:

Error in the third line can’t use \\ in the latex code.

$m_{H2O} \propto A_{surface}$

$E_{total} \propto \int_{A_{surface}}FdA \mbox{(where } F \mbox{ is the flux in watts per square meter)}$

$dT \propto \frac {E_{total}}{m_{H2O}}$

• Owen in GA says:

$E_{total} \propto \int_{A_{surface}}FdA \mbox{(where } F \mbox{ is the flux in watts per square meter)}$
a mistake in this line maybe?

• Owen in GA says:

The first two lines
$m_{H2O} \propto A_{surface}$

$E_{total} \propto \int_{A_{surface}}FdA \mbox{(where } F \mbox{ is the flux in watts per square meter)}$

Will they show?

• Owen in GA says:

$\frac{\partial T}{\partial t} = \frac{\int_{SA}FdA}{SA \times d \times \rho} \times \frac{\partial T}{\partial Q} =\frac{F \times SA}{SA \times d \times \rho} \times \frac{\partial T}{\partial Q} =\frac{F}{d \times \rho} \times \frac{\partial T}{\partial Q}$

7. Kip Hansen says:

test strong
test bold

• Kip Hansen says:

Reply to Ric W ==> Thanks — I was fielding comments on an essay using an unfamiliar tablet, and wasn’t sure which and/or both were part of HTML5. I usually use the old ClimateAudit comment Greasemonkey tool, even though its formatting is funky these days, for the tags. Don’t suppose you could update that add-in?

• IIRC, Greasemonkey was written for CA, which uses a different theme that does WUWT.

I don’t have the time to figure out the JavaScript code or whatever it’s written in, and I don’t have the ability to make changes that deep in WUWT.

Instead of Greasemonkey, I often use https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/its-all-text/ . It can open up an external editor, so it has saved my butt a few times when WP loses a post I was making.

8. Hey, what happened to the old smiley face?? When I tried to post it, this appeared:

I wonder if WordPress changed any others?

☹ ☻

The old smiley was more subtle; less in-your-face. The new one is way too garish.

If WP keeps that up, I’ll just have to use this lame replacement:

:-)

Or even worse:

;-)

• The old ways are the best ways! :-)

9. John F. Hultquist says:

This text has been underlined

• Ah, some buglets appear to be invariant over years.

10. Menicholas says:

11. Alan Robertson says:

12. D. J. Hawkins says:

trying to put an image in

13. High_Octane_Paine says:

test

• High_Octane_Paine says:

The fact the entire green house gas scam is that and nothing but that is proven by the fact that there’s no such thing – ever – in all thermodynamics – as adding more and more refractive media to a fluid bath conduction chilling a sun-warmed rock, and having the temperature of the rock go up, as more and more insulation lets less and less warming, available firelight, ever reach the rock to warm it. It’s called a temperature inversion scam and it’s so simple a child can figure it out, you don’t even need a high school diploma to figure out it’s impossible.

• High_Octane_Paine says:

I don’t know why my posts are disappearing when I’m posting from my phone, this never happens to me on other WordPress sites.

14. Sheri says:

Testing WordPress.

15. Gunga Din says:

Testing preformating

Newer-'12			Older-'07 (did not include ties)
7-Jan	-5	1884	Jan-07	-6	1942		New record 1 warmer and 58 years earlier
8-Jan	-9	1968	Jan-08	-12	1942		New record 3 warmer and 37 years later
3-Mar	1	1980	Mar-03	0	1943		New record 3 warmer and 26 years later
13-Mar	5	1960	Mar-13	7	1896		New record 2 cooler and 64 years later
8-May	31	1954	May-08	29	1947		New record 3 warmer and 26 years later
9-May	30	1983	May-09	28	1947		New tied record 2 warmer same year and 19 and 36 years later
30	1966
30	1947
12-May	35	1976	May-12	34	1941		New record 1 warmer and 45 years later
30-Jun	47	1988	Jun-30	46	1943		New record 1 warmer and 35 years later
12-Jul	51	1973	Jul-12	47	1940		New record 4 warmer and 33 years later
13-Jul	50	1940	Jul-13	44	1940		New record 6 warmer and same year
17-Jul	52	1896	Jul-17	53	1989		New record 1 cooler and 93 years earlier
20-Jul	50	1929	Jul-20	49	1947		New record 1 warmer and 18 years earlier
23-Jul	51	1981	Jul-23	47	1947		New record 4 warmer and 34 years later
24-Jul	53	1985	Jul-24	52	1947		New record 1 warmer and 38 years later
26-Jul	52	1911	Jul-26	50	1946		New record 2 warmer and 35 years later
31-Jul	54	1966	Jul-31	47	1967		New record 7 warmer and 1 years later
19-Aug	49	1977	Aug-19	48	1943		New record 1 warmer and 10, 21 and 34 years later
49	1964
49	1953
21-Aug	44	1950	Aug-21	43	1940		New record 1 warmer and 10 years later
26-Aug	48	1958	Aug-26	47	1945		New record 1 warmer and 13 years later
27-Aug	46	1968	Aug-27	45	1945		New record 1 warmer and 23 years later
12-Sep	44	1985	Sep-12	42	1940		New record 2 warmer and 15, 27 and 45 years later
44	1967
44	1955
26-Sep	35	1950	Sep-26	33	1940		New record 2 warmer and 12 earlier and 10 years later
35	1928
27-Sep	36	1991	Sep-27	32	1947		New record 4 warmer and 44 years later
29-Sep	32	1961	Sep-29	31	1942		New record 1 warmer and 19 years later
2-Oct	32	1974	Oct-02	31	1946		New record 1 warmer and 38 years earlier and 19 years later
32	1908
15-Oct	31	1969	Oct-15	24	1939		New tied record same year but 7 warmer and 22 and 30 years later
31	1961
31	1939
16-Oct	31	1970	Oct-16	30	1944		New record 1 warmer and 26 years later
24-Nov	8	1950	Nov-24	7	1950		New tied record same year but 1 warmer
29-Nov	3	1887	Nov-29	2	1887		New tied record same year but 1 warmer
4-Dec	8	1976	Dec-04	3	1966		New record 5 warmer and 10 years later
21-Dec	-10	1989	Dec-21	-11	1942		New tied record same year but 1 warmer and 47 years later
-10	1942
31
?			Dec-05	8	1976		December 5 missing from 2012 list

• Gunga Din says:

(BTW those were record lows.) Testing record highs.

Newer-April '12			Older-'07 (did not include ties)
6-Jan	68	1946	Jan-06	69	1946		Same year but "new" record 1*F lower
9-Jan	62	1946	Jan-09	65	1946		Same year but "new" record 3*F lower
31-Jan	66	2002	Jan-31	62	1917		"New" record 4*F higher but not in '07 list
4-Feb	61	1962	Feb-04	66	1946		"New" tied records 5*F lower
4-Feb	61	1991
23-Mar	81	1907	Mar-23	76	1966		"New" record 5*F higher but not in '07 list
25-Mar	84	1929	Mar-25	85	1945		"New" record 1*F lower
5-Apr	82	1947	Apr-05	83	1947		"New" tied records 1*F lower
5-Apr	82	1988
6-Apr	83	1929	Apr-06	82	1929		Same year but "new" record 1*F higher
19-Apr	85	1958	Apr-19	86	1941		"New" tied records 1*F lower
19-Apr	85	2002
16-May	91	1900	May-16	96	1900		Same year but "new" record 5*F lower
30-May	93	1953	May-30	95	1915		"New" record 2*F lower
31-Jul	100	1999	Jul-31	96	1954		"New" record 4*F higher but not in '07 list
11-Aug	96	1926	Aug-11	98	1944		"New" tied records 2*F lower
11-Aug	96	1944
18-Aug	94	1916	Aug-18	96	1940		"New" tied records 2*F lower
18-Aug	94	1922
18-Aug	94	1940
23-Sep	90	1941	Sep-23	91	1945		"New" tied records 1*F lower
23-Sep	90	1945
23-Sep	90	1961
9-Oct	88	1939	Oct-09	89	1939		Same year but "new" record 1*F lower
10-Nov	72	1949	Nov-10	71	1998		"New" record 1*F higher but not in '07 list
12-Nov	75	1849	Nov-12	74	1879		"New" record 1*F higher but not in '07 list
12-Dec	65	1949	Dec-12	64	1949		Same year but "new" record 1*F higher
22-Dec	62	1941	Dec-22	63	1941		Same year but "new" record 1*F lower
29-Dec	64	1984	Dec-29	67	1889		"New" record 3*F lower

• Gunga Din says:

Testing

2	+	2	4


• Gunga Din says:

I was testing if preformating from excel would show the formula in a cell or the result (4).
Also if it would allow html code to be displayed inside the “pre /pre” without being executed.
It doesn’t.

16. Janice Moore says:

17. Janice Moore says:

• Greg says:

Wow. I didn’t realise that the south pole really was a pole !

18. “Gosh and you were doing so well … PLEASE QUOTE THE EXACT WORDS YOU ARE DISCUSSING!! I will not stand here and be the target of your handwaving specific-free abuse, particularly when coupled with your holier-than-thou attitude. When you do that, there is NO WAY TO RESPOND, because you have not been decent enough to tell me exactly what you think I’ve done.”

Firstly, I am a big fan of you and am well aware of your voice and gravitas. For your information only, I was nervous to offer an opinion but thought I had couched it enough that it was obvious.

Clearly your argument is predicated on the assumption that:

Hansen overpredicted the warming by a factor of three instead of a factor of ten but is that in fact what he did? This is the hotly debated and contested argument in question! You are arguing for something that is not clear. Nothing is clear about Hansen’s “arguments” that allows you such absolutism.

That is all I have and that is all I meant.

Willis, I mean’t you no offence.

I stand corrected and apologise, if it is as you say, that Hansen unaquivacly argued for a warming that was out by a factor of 3.

However It would seem that, that interpretation depends on the choice of database you make, independent of Hansen’s moral scruples or otherwise!

My comment was proposed as a question, yet you chose to ignore that fact. You are a very aggressive proponent and for that reason may not have read my words:

So here we are…Hansen was about right* and Willis was wrong!Is that correct?

19. “Gosh and you were doing so well … PLEASE QUOTE THE EXACT WORDS YOU ARE DISCUSSING!! I will not stand here and be the target of your handwaving specific-free abuse, particularly when coupled with your holier-than-thou attitude. When you do that, there is NO WAY TO RESPOND, because you have not been decent enough to tell me exactly what you think I’ve done.”

Firstly, I am a big fan of you and am well aware of your voice and gravitas. For your information only, I was nervous to offer an opinion but thought I had couched it enough that it was obvious.

Clearly your argument is predicated on the assumption that:

Hansen overpredicted the warming by a factor of three instead of a factor of ten

but is that in fact what he did? This is the hotly debated and contested argument in question! You are arguing for something that is not clear. Nothing is clear about Hansen’s “arguments” that allows you such absolutism.

That is all I have and that is all I meant.

Willis, I mean’t you no offence.

I stand corrected and apologise, if it is as you say, that Hansen unaquivacly argued for a warming that was out by a factor of 3.

However It would seem that, that interpretation depends on the choice of database you make, independent of Hansen’s moral scruples or otherwise!

My comment was proposed as a question, yet you chose to ignore that fact. You are a very aggressive proponent and for that reason may not have read my words:

So here we are…Hansen was about right* and Willis was wrong!Is that correct?

20. “Gosh and you were doing so well … PLEASE QUOTE THE EXACT WORDS YOU ARE DISCUSSING!! I will not stand here and be the target of your handwaving specific-free abuse, particularly when coupled with your holier-than-thou attitude. When you do that, there is NO WAY TO RESPOND, because you have not been decent enough to tell me exactly what you think I’ve done.”

Firstly, I am a big fan of you and am well aware of your voice and gravitas. For your information only, I was nervous to offer an opinion but thought I had couched it enough that it was obvious.

Clearly your argument is predicated on the assumption that:

Hansen overpredicted the warming by a factor of three instead of a factor of ten

But is that in fact what he did? This is the hotly debated and contested argument in question! You are arguing for something that is not clear. Nothing is clear about Hansen’s “arguments” that allows you such absolutism.

That is all I have and that is all I meant.

Willis, I mean’t you no offence.

I stand corrected and apologise, if it is as you say, that Hansen unaquivacly argued for a warming that was out by a factor of 3.

However It would seem that, that interpretation depends on the choice of database you make, independent of Hansen’s moral scruples or otherwise!

My comment was proposed as a question, yet you chose to ignore that fact. You are a very aggressive proponent and for that reason may not have read my words:

So here we are…Hansen was about right* and Willis was wrong! Is that correct?

___________________

21. “Gosh and you were doing so well … PLEASE QUOTE THE EXACT WORDS YOU ARE DISCUSSING!! I will not stand here and be the target of your handwaving specific-free abuse, particularly when coupled with your holier-than-thou attitude. When you do that, there is NO WAY TO RESPOND, because you have not been decent enough to tell me exactly what you think I’ve done.”

Firstly, I am a big fan of you and am well aware of your voice and gravitas. For your information only, I was nervous to offer an opinion but thought I had couched it enough that it was obvious.

Clearly your argument is predicated on the assumption that:

Hansen overpredicted the warming by a factor of three instead of a factor of ten

But is that in fact what he did? This is the hotly debated and contested argument in question! You are arguing for something that is not clear. Nothing is clear about Hansen’s “arguments” that allows you such absolutism.

That is all I have and that is all I meant.

Willis, I mean’t you no offence.

I stand corrected and apologise, if it is as you say, that Hansen unaquivacly argued for a warming that was out by a factor of 3.

However, It would seem that, that interpretation depends on the choice of database you make, independent of Hansen’s moral scruples or otherwise!

My comment was proposed as a question, yet you chose to ignore that fact. You are a very aggressive proponent and for that reason may not have read my words:

So here we are… Hansen was about right* and Willis was wrong! Is that correct?

22. Janice Moore says:

populartechnology

• Janice Moore says:

populartechnology.net

23. Janice Moore says:

THIS is what I’m saying “further” about….. (what in the world happened to my reply??)

Re: The overwhelming consensus among scientists who actually study this stuff is that man made climate change is real

You apparently need to do a bit more reading, Adrian…. if you want to learn the facts about the AGW (Anthropogenic Global Warming) issue.

You might like to begin here:

97 Articles Refuting the “97% Consensus”
http://www.populartechnology.net/2014/12/97-articles-refuting-97-consensus.html

After you finish reading those, here are some more:

1350+ Peer-Reviewed Papers Supporting Skeptic Arguments Against ACC/AGW Alarmism
http://www.populartechnology.net/2009/10/peer-reviewed-papers-supporting.html

• Janice Moore says:

Just a note: How WEIRD that the above comment (with poptech links, etc.) PUBLISHES HERE, on “Test,” but NOT on the “Caught Redhanded (about Google) thread today. So weird. I tried both a “Reply” post there and a separate comment, not “replying” to A.

24. Joe Born says:

It never hurts to visualize the prior:

prior = function(n, k, p){
choose(n, k) * p ^ k * (1 - p) ^ (n - k);
}
p = seq(0, 1, 0.01);
plot(p, prior(47 + 53, 47, p), type = "l");
/pre>
but in this case it turns out pretty much as we expected
25. Joe Born says:

It never hurts to visualize the prior:

prior = function(n, k, p){
choose(n, k) * p ^ k * (1 - p) ^ (n - k);
}
p = seq(0, 1, 0.01);
plot(p, prior(47 + 53, 47, p), type = "l");


But in this case it turns out pretty much as we expected.

26. Janice Moore says:

27. markl says:

Comment notification no longer works for me….stopped a day ago.

28. It is outrageous, given my track history on WUWT that I can’t even make a test post. A post that I was hoping to submit a head post!! (Admin, administrator)

29. Damning Incoherence, Fallacy and Paradox but that’s Just the Major Climate Data Products!

There are two unique problems that separately may not be irreparable but together they, deal a mortal blow to the scientific validity and real-world impact of any analysis based on the major global data products.

The first issue is essentially a case of the classical ecological fallacy in that conclusions about individual sites are incorrectly assumed to have the same properties as the average of a group of sites.

30. Janice Moore says:

For Peter Plail (and for me, too :) ):

Relocating its corporate headquarters and distribution facilities from {CA} to a friendlier location, Farmer Brothers expects to save $15 million a year. Company executives are looking at Dallas and Oklahoma City. The relocation will bear real consequences for California. Nearly 350 workers will lose their well-paying jobs in Los Angeles alone. Farmer Brothers is following Toyota, whose U.S. sales and marketing headquarters was barely a mile from the company’s main office, and has gone to Texas. Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems, eBay, Occidental Petroleum and firearms retailer RifleGear followed. Nissan bailed to Tennessee. Most companies leaving California, reports the Orange County Register, usually depart to Texas, Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, Utah or Florida. A study of business tax climates by the Tax Foundation finds that California’s businesses face the third-highest state and local business tax burdens in America. …. California annually ranks last in Chief Executive magazine’s ranking of “Best States / Worst States.” lol — follow the money–> –> –> Capital flows where it finds a way. Capital rushing out of California forced into its path by the pressure of the regulatory walls of the California Enviroprofiteers ************************************************ High tech/computer tech and real estate (rentals to rich people, mainly)/finance services will save the day? Heh. Sure. And your high-tech/realtor/finance workers can have a lovely life driving to Nevada looking for a car repairperson, finding schoolteachers, road repair workers, and garbage truck drivers who can afford to live in your state, and doing all your own cooking and cleaning, etc. (those workers can barely afford to live in CA now). You’re going to just put them all on welfare? Better hope a LOT of wealthy people who are willing to pay enormous rents/mortgages move in. The tech industry can only sell so many units….. {TWO LINKS WAS TOO MUCH??} • Janice Moore says: Okay. This is the second time in a week that I CAN publish on Test, but the same comment does not publish on the regular thread. I’ll try the regular thread publish one more time. 31. Menicholas says: 32. Menicholas says: Moderation on the test page? Why are the graphs not showing? [Anything with lots of links can get thrown into moderation regardless of where it is posted. -mod] 33. Janice Moore says: 34. Janice Moore says: 35. Janice Moore says: 36. Menicholas says: 37. Menicholas says: 38. David Middleton says: ### Australia’s Energy Luck Runs Out By David Fickling April 9, 2017 With its abundance of mineral wealth and sun-kissed shores, Australia takes pride in thinking of itself as the “lucky country.” That sounds good until you consider the full quote from which the phrase is derived — a warning that this natural endowment was being squandered by the second-rate way the nation is governed. Politics lies at the heart of Australia’s current energy paradox: How can one of the world’s largest exporters be having trouble keeping its lights on? #### Clearing Out Australian wholesale electricity prices have doubled since the closure of the Hazelwood coal generator was announced […] Wholesale electricity prices in Victoria have more than doubled since Nov. 3, when Engie SA announced plans to close its 1.6-gigawatt coal-fired Hazelwood power station. More shocks will follow: About 3.6 GW of coal generation capacity is scheduled for closure at present, rising to 7 GW by 2030 according to Bloomberg New Energy Finance. […] Such changes shouldn’t cause this degree of difficulty. The U.S. has shut about 39 GW of coal-fired capacity since the end of 2012 without significant upsets, while the U.K. closed about 8.4 GW in the five years through 2015. Australia ought to be able to handle 1.6 GW dropping off the grid. Part of the explanation is different trade dynamics. Thanks to its greater exposure to global export markets, gas in Australia has failed to undercut coal on price in the way it has in the U.S. and U.K. Indeed, the country’s LNG plants are so hungry for volumes that they’ve been in direct competition with local generators. Since the closure of Hazelwood was announced, domestic gas prices have reset to match the regional spot LNG market: #### Liquid Market Australian natural gas prices have reset above those in the Asian LNG market Rising fuel costs have been so damaging for the economics of gas-fired electricity that the Australian Energy Market Operator expects such generation to decline by about 15 percent between 2016 and 2021.Where coal is being replaced, it’s with renewables: Almost 70 percent of the additional planned capacity in the national electricity market is for wind-power plants, with a further 13 percent going to utility-scale solar. It’s worth recognizing that this is good news. Faster withdrawal from fossil fuels is clearly better for the global climate, and the volume of wind and solar set to hit the market means there’s little risk of outright shortages over the next five years or so. […] One challenge remains. If coal-power retirements accelerate, solar and wind will be unable to fill the gap quickly enough, especially given the way their variability can undermine the stability of the grid. The government’s plans to add 2 GW of hydroelectric capacity in the mountains southwest of Canberra will help, as will battery-storage proposals like the one Tesla Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk has offered for South Australia. They won’t make the problem go away altogether. […] Bloomberg Gadfly Australia’s energy plight is indeed “good news” for both U.S. coal and natural gas producers: JAN 31, 2016 ### The U.S. and Australian Race to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Jude Clemente , CONTRIBUTOR I cover oil, gas, power, LNG markets, linking to human development Free market economies Australia and the U.S. will be in competition for the export of Liquified Natural Gas (LNG). Since 2010, Australia’s gas demand has increased 10%, but its gas production has increased 35%, compared to an 8% increase for use and 38% gain in production for the U.S. Per BP data, Australia and the U.S. have netted 75% of the 260 Tcf gain in proven global gas reserves since 2005. In fact, through 2020, the two countries are expected to account for 90% or more new LNG exports. Overall, the global LNG market is set to increase by 50% between 2015 and 2020, nearly 20 Bcf/day. This year alone will see a 2.6 Bcf/day increase in LNG supply Australia could add six new LNG export terminals by 2020, tripling its liquefaction capacity to over 13 Bcf/day. Although Cheniere Energy’s U.S. LNG export facility at Sabine Pass, the first of its kind in the continental U.S., was delayed until late-February or so, the country could be exporting 10 Bcf/day by 2020, almost equaling current global leader Qatar. […] This year’s expansion of the Panama Canal will up competition in the U.S. to ship LNG to Asia, where over 70% of the world’s LNG is consumed. The U.S. has lower production costs and lower capital costs for new infrastructure, namely liquefaction facilities. Bolstered by the “shale revolution,” for instance, the more difficult Gulf of Mexico now produces just 5% of U.S. natural gas, versus over 25% 20 years ago This is in contrast to the expensive offshore gas projects in Australia, now responsible for over 50% of all floating liquefaction capacity under construction. Over 90% of Australia’s traditional gas resources reside in the harder-to-develop North West Shelf offshore. Escalating labor costs have been a key factor in Australia’s drastic LNG cost overruns. In Australia, oil and gas workers can make$165,000, 30-35% more than in the U.S. and double the world’s average. One Harvard expert finds that “Australian LNG seems to be the worst business case globally,” with costs range being 2-3 times higher than in the U.S. (see here).

[…]

Daniel Yergin just said that the Saudi’s “will not destroy the US shale industry…It takes $10bn and five to ten years to launch a deep-water project. It takes$10m and just 20 days to drill for shale.” U.S. gas production is rising by 1.5% per year, three times faster than consumption (projections here).

Thus, U.S. gas prices will remain lower than in other markets, and arbitrage opportunities for companies to ship LNG will remain. North America’s gas prices are mostly set at liquid trading hubs, more linked to supply and demand fundamentals.

The key importing nations are not expected to be producing much more gas, so the internationally traded market will increase its current share of 30% of total gas consumed, closer to the 60% of oil demand that is traded internationally. Making gas more of a global commodity like oil, LNG now accounts for about 33% of all traded gas and 10-12% of total gas demand. The LNG market is just another example of the obvious: the world continues to become more connected, not less.

[…]

Forbes

LNG exports will push US natural gas prices up into the range where coal is very competitive with gas in the electricity markets. However, fracking and shale plays will restrain the upside of natural gas prices. Coal power plants in the US are currently running at about 50% utilization rates. Even with the planned retirement of 38 GW of coal-fired capacity by 2050, a 75% utilization rate, driven by only slightly higher natural gas prices will enable 228 GW of coal-fired capacity to generate 30% more electricity (and burn 30% more coal) than 266 GW at a 50% utilization rate.

So… As someone who makes their living finding oil & natural gas, I say to Australia, “Thanks mates!”

39. John W. Garrett says:

One of the reasons I consider WUWT a worthwhile source of information on climate and energy is due to the appearance of posts such as this one by Mr. Sowell.

Mr. Sowell, I may not agree with some of your assumptions but I heartily commend you for including them and for explaining the means and methods by which you reach the conclusions that you present.

40. Janice Moore says:

41. Sheri says:

42. Janice Moore says:

43. Janice Moore says:

44. Joe Born says:

It reminded me of another of his posts

45. Menicholas says:

46. bw says:
47. I love this post I read your blog fairly often and you’re always coming out with awesome great stuff.

I shared this on my Facebook and my followers loved it!
keep up the good work.

48. Janice Moore says:

49. clipe says:
50. Sasha says:

test

51. /home/wilee/Desktop/corgi (copy).png

52. jonesingforozone says:

53. Will Greenberg says: