Brought to You by SEPP (www.SEPP.org) The Science and Environmental Policy Project
Quote of the Week: “The models have been validated.” Angeline Purdy, Attorney, Department of Justice, representing the US EPA, on the IPCC models.
Number of the Week: 13.83 & 13.33 times
By Ken Haapala, Executive Vice President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
The Pause: Last week TWTW mentioned a new set of surface temperature data from the HadCRU, which showed little or no warming for 16 years as measured by surface instruments. [The Hadley Centre of the UK Met Office compiles the sea surface temperatures and the Climatic Research Unit (CRU) compiles the land surface-air temperatures (the air slightly above the land surface)] The new data seemed of little interest to the press until the Mail (UK) featured an article by David Rose headlined with “Global warming stopped 16 years ago …” Then the fun began.
The Guardian (UK) carried an article written by Dana Nuccitelli of the web site “Skeptical Science”, which bills itself as “Getting skeptical about global warming skepticism.” This article quibbled about temperature trends to one-hundredth of a degree per decade, as if that is truly measurable.
In the Climategate emails released in 2009, Phil Jones, the director of the CRU, worried about the failure of global temperatures to rise. With the new data, he now states 15 to 16 years is too short of a period to draw any conclusions. It may be; however, the computer models used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) project a warming of at least 0.2 deg C per decade or at least 0.3 deg C for this 15 year period. They are clearly off.
Further, to justify the lack of warming Jones is quoted as stating: “We don’t fully understand how to input things like changes in the oceans, and because we don’t fully understand it you could say that natural variability is now working to suppress the warming. We don’t know what natural variability is doing.”
Anthony Watts quotes a statement in a report by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) titled State of the Climate in 2008: “The simulations rule out (at the 95% level) zero trends for intervals of 15 yr or more, suggesting that an observed absence of warming of this duration is needed to create a discrepancy with the expected present-day warming rate.” [Boldface added.]
In an article discussing the issue, John Nielsen-Gammon states: “If you plot other data sets, you’ll get slightly different results, but the same take-home message: there’s nothing in recent global temperatures that disproves the importance of CO2 [carbon dioxide] as an agent for climate change.” This is technically correct; however, in hypothesis testing the data should support the assertion that carbon dioxide is a major cause of global warming.
According to Tyndall Centre for Climate Change, world-wide carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels and cement grew from 6.66 PgC/yr (Petagrams of Carbon per Year) in mid-year 1997 to 9.14 in mid-year 2010, an increase of 37% http://www.tyndall.ac.uk/global-carbon-budget-2010. According to other reports, emissions have continued to grow since. If the IPCC models are correct, the earth should be experiencing some warming with this CO2 increase. (PgC/yr can be converted to tonnes of CO2 per year by multiplying by 3.67)
Perhaps being a bit politically insensitive, Judith Curry recommends waving the Italian flag, with Green standing for evidence supporting carbon dioxide caused warming, White for uncertainty and unknowns, and Red for evidence against. Curry suggests that white is now the dominant color – that uncertainty and unknowns are huge. Please see links under The Pause.
The Models – Uncertainty? In her presentation at the Workshop on Handling Uncertainty in Weather and Climate Prediction sponsored by the Royal Society, Judith Curry presented a few slides that must be unsettling to climate modelers as well as the IPCC – she dared question the purpose of expanding the climate models as matters stand now. Among her major points are:
· Increasing the complexity of the models does not necessarily yield greater scientific certainty.
· There are too many degrees of freedom in the models resulting in great uncertainty and large areas of ignorance. [Degrees of freedom can be roughly defined as independent pieces of information that are allowed to vary within the model.]
· Highly unlikely scenarios should not dominate political decision making.
· Improving the models for societal needs is based on three dubious assumptions: The models are fit, useful, and the best choice for this purpose.
In her summary, Curry raises a fundamental issue: that with the high costs of model production runs, “climate models are becoming less fit for the purpose of increasing our understanding of the climate system.”
TWTW would add that the resources would be better used towards understanding the natural drivers of climate change than on chasing carbon-dioxide-caused climate change. According to a summary of government estimates, the US has spent over $35 Billion on climate science and over $150 Billion on global warming / climate change. Although the US has some great instruments onboard satellites, the bulk of the monies have been mal-appropriated.
Please see links under Seeking a Common Ground and on the new US super-computer for climate change under Defending the Orthodoxy.
The Data v. A Statistic: TWTW is not enamored with the reporting of global air surface temperatures with a single statistic, such as a global average. Causes of concern include issues with air-surface instruments, the likelihood that minimum temperatures have been increasing with slight changes in the surrounding area, and the frequent manipulation of the data by reporting agencies without clear justification for the manipulation. In addition, the single statistic buries the global composition of the warming / cooling. As the satellite data show, the warming is concentrated in the northern part of the Northern Hemisphere. Please see: http://nsstc.uah.edu/climate/2011/November/trend_Dec78_Nov11_alt.png
Even with satellite data there is a tendency to develop a trend using regression analysis or similar tools. An examination of the historic satellite data itself shows two long periods of no warming trend separated by period of discontinuity. The exact dates of the discontinuity depend upon the views of the researcher, but they are around the time of the great El Niño of 1998 or shortly thereafter. This discontinuity is a jump in the average temperature anomaly from -0.1 deg C to +0.1 deg C. The cause of this discontinuity should be a subject of great interest, but it is lost to the Climate Establishment. Please see: http://nsstc.uah.edu/climate/.
Responsible Advocacy by Scientists: Roger Pielke Jr, posted that the InterAcademy Council, a multi-nation organization national science academies, issued a report on the “Responsible Conduct in Research Enterprise.” The report is based on seven fundamental values. Four of the values are generally consider values for good citizenship. Three of the values are more applicable for scientists. These three values are skepticism, accountability, and openness. Let us hope that entities that fund climate research demand all the values from their researchers.
The Quote of the Week: In the oral arguments on the litigation on the EPA finding that greenhouse gases endanger human health and welfare cited in last week’s TWTW and the TWTW on March 3, 2012, Angeline Purdy was introduced as the technical expert on the scientific evidence that there is 90 to 99% certainty in the findings of the IPCC and its models. Clearly, there is some difference of opinion between Ms. Purdy and researchers such as Phil Jones of CRU as well as Judith Curry. Four-time IPCC expert reviewer Vincent Gray of New Zealand would take great exception to Ms. Purdy’s comments.
Validation is a rigorous process during which unknowns are greatly reduced or eliminated. Even basic assumptions in the IPCC climate models, such as a warming caused by carbon dioxide will be amplified by an increase in water vapor over the tropics, have not been validated.
The IPCC grossly overstated the certainty of its science and its models and understated the natural variability. The gross overstatement is now part of the US legal system. The EPA used the overstatement of certainty in its endangerment finding which the US Federal Court of Appeals accepted.
The entire episode reveals that the public has no protection from the Federal courts against overzealous government agencies, which claim scientific support of their regulations. These miscarriages of justice must be remedied either by permitting challenges to government pronouncements of science or by establishing special scientific courts in which the jurists are well versed in the principles of science, the scientific method, scientific knowledge, and uncertainty.
Number of the Week: 13.83 & 13.33 times. In its Summary for Policymakers in its Fourth Assessment Report (AR4, 2007), the IPCC gave a chart on Radiative Forcing Components of global warming. The only natural component considered is Solar Irradiance (sunlight). Using the best estimated values, increases in carbon dioxide forcing are 13.83 times greater than increases in natural (sunlight) forcing. The chart also gives other human caused changes, such as aerosols (refer to degrees of freedom discussed above). According to the IPCC, some of these forcing agents have a negative forcing effect, but these have not been empirically established, thus are calculated as a product of the models. Before the values for carbon dioxide forcing can be accepted, the values of these other forcing agents need to be empirically verified, not just calculated as a product of the models.
Using the net values at the bottom of the chart, the value for the net human forcing is 13.33 times greater than the value of natural forcing (sunlight). For the chart please see the link to the article by Tim Ball under Challenging the Orthodoxy.
For the numbered articles below please see this week’s TWTW at: http://www.sepp.org. The articles are at the end of the pdf.
1. Energy in the Executive
The President’s real record on fossil fuels.
Editorial, WSJ, Oct 17, 2012
2. The Solyndra Memorial Tax Break
How Energy passed out tax-loss credits that mean taxpayers will pay twice for failure.
Editorial, WSJ, Oct 15, 2012
3. Obama’s Great Alaska Shutout
Interior bans drilling on 11.5 million acres of ‘petroleum reserve.’
Editorial, WSJ, Oct 14, 2012 [H/t Timothy Wise]
4. A Quiet, Faraway Milestone for Humanity
The satellite Voyager 1, launched in 1977, could be the first human-made object ever to leave our solar system.
By Lawrence Krauss, WSJ, Oct 19, 2012
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
By Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: An interesting parallel between honest efforts to replicate cancer research and hones efforts to replicate the hockey-stick, and how proponents of the research avoided the responsibility to investigate the research properly.]
Lewandowsky and “Hide the Decline”
Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, Oct 14, 2012
Challenging the Orthodoxy
Is Climate Change the Number One Threat to Humanity?
By Indur Goklany, WUWT, Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Goklany thanks the editors of the journal for their professional attitude in inviting and publishing his new paper, which challenges those who predict dire consequences from global warming. A summary of the new paper is included.]
New paper cuts recent anthropogenic warming trend in half
By Marcel Crok, WUWT, Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Includes an analysis of the importance of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)]
What Causes El Niño / La Niña? IPCC Doesn’t Know, But Builds Models and Makes Projections Anyway
By Tim Ball, A Different Perspective, Oct 16, 2012
GHCN’s Dodgy Adjustments In Iceland
By Paul Homewood, WUWT, Oct 15, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The temperature history for locations in Iceland published by the Global Historic Climatology Network (GHCN) [part of NOAA] is inconsistent with the temperature history from the Icelandic Met Office.]
Defending the Orthodoxy
Science Of Global Climate Modeling Confirmed By Discoveries On Mars
By Staff Writers, Tucson AZ (SPX), Oct 17, 2012
Climate negotiations relying on ‘dangerous’ thresholds to avoid catastrophe will not succeed
By Staff Writers, Gothenburg, Sweden (SPX) Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Avoid any rigorous definition of a “dangerous threshold.”]
Global drought a ‘new normal’: report
By Staff Writers, New York (UPI), Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Now that Wall Street Bankers declare it is true, it must be true!]
Wyoming experiences that “giant sucking sound” as new coal fired climate supercomputer is turned on
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Climate: To fight the dangerous global warming / climate change they claim is occurring, should not their computer run on wind and solar power only?]
Questioning the Orthodoxy
Gergis hockey stick withdrawn. This is what 95% certainty looks like in climate science.
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Oct 20, 2012
Climate-Change Exaggeration: Then and Now
By Robert Bradley Jr., Master Resource, Oct 15, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Questioning global warming / climate alarmists.]
Has the CSIRO lost its way?
By Garth Paltridge, Financial News, AU, Oct 19, 2012 [H/t Des Moore]
The real point is that the CSIRO needs to steer clear of the public service philosophy that politicians should be protected from conflicting advice. Science is, after all, about uncertainty. And politicians, after all, are paid precisely for the purpose of making decisions in the face of uncertainty and diverse opinion.
[SEPP Comment: The CSIRO is the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation in Australia.]
Expanding the Orthodoxy
The impacts of climate change on terrestrial Earth surface systems
By Jasper Knight & Stephan Harrison, Nature Climate Change, Oct 14, 2012
400 plants and animals added to ‘threatened’ list
By Staff Writers, Hyderabad, India (AFP), Oct 17, 2012
P3: People, Prosperity and the Planet Student Design Competition for Sustainability
Announcement, EPA, Sep 12 to Dec 11, 2012 [H/t Peter Friedman]
[SEPP Comment: Will EPA’s version of sustainability lead to prosperity or economic stagnation?]
Trouble Within the Orthodoxy
Too late to stop global warming by cutting emissions
By Staff Writers, Johannesburg, South Africa (SPX) Oct 18, 2012
Global warming stopped 16 years ago, reveals Met Office report quietly released… and here is the chart to prove it
The figures reveal that from the beginning of 1997 until August 2012 there was no discernible rise in aggregate global temperatures
This means that the ‘pause’ in global warming has now lasted for about the same time as the previous period when temperatures rose, 1980 to 1996
By David Rose, Mail, Oct 13, 2012
Why the Mail on Sunday was wrong to claim global warming has stopped
Newspaper’s claim that ‘world stopped getting warmer almost 16 years ago’ is simply wrong, says Met Office
By Nana Nuccitelli for Skeptical Science, Guardian, UK, Oct 16, 2012
The Met office responds to ‘Global warming stopped 16 years ago’
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 15, 2012
NOAA’s ’15 year statement’ from 2008 puts a kibosh on the current Met Office ‘insignificance’ claims that global warming flatlined for 16 years
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 15, 2012
Carbon Dioxide and Temperature
By John Nielsen-Gammon, Houston Chronicle, Oct 17, 2012
Lüning/Vahrenholt Comment On HadCRUT’s 16 Years Of No Warming: “Tough Times Ahead For Climate Science”
By P. Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, Oct 16, 2012 [H/t ICECAP]
‘Pause’ : Waving the Italian Flag
By Judith Curry, Climate Etc, Oct 17, 2012
HadCRUT4: no warming for 16 years
By Lubos Motl, Reference Frame, Oct 14, 2012
Questioning European Green
Setting the right objectives
By Martin Livermore, Scientific Alliance, Oct 19, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Even if reducing carbon dioxide emissions is the right thing to do, governments set up impossibly difficult and expensive ways to do it.]
Power Struggles Will Leave Us In The Dark
The age of nature’s abundance might prove to be an age of electricity shortages if politicians shut off the supply
By Irwin Stelzer, Sunday Times, from GWPF, Oct 14, 2012
800.000 German Households Can No Longer Pay Their Energy Bills
Germany’s consumers are facing record price rises for green energy. Social campaigners and consumer groups complain that up to 800 000 households in Germany can no longer pay their energy bills.
Translation by Phillipp Mueller, Originally on Focus De, Oct 15, 2012
Germans to see big ‘green’ surcharge hike
By Staff Writers, Berlin (UPI) Oct 16, 2012
Ideology trumps reason as Germans pay the price for abandoning nuclear power
By Igor Ogorodnev, Russia Today, Oct 17, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
Europe is to be smothered by smart meters – but does the consumer want them?
By Karel Beckman, European Energy Review, Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Too many bureaucrats ignore the requirement that a product must provide something the consumers are willing to purchase. Of course, bureaucrats do not face the financial consequences when consumers fail to purchase the touted product.]
Questioning Green Elsewhere
A Sad Green Story
By David Brooks, NYT, Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: One can state that it is similar to the subprime mortgage mess, an example of skilled promoters aided by fiscally undisciplined politicians exhibiting great naiveté.]
Seeking a Common Ground
Responsible Advocacy by Scientists
By Roger Pielke Jr, His Blog, Oct 19, 2012
Alternative approach to assessing climate risks
By Judith Curry, Climate Etc, Oct 15, 2012
Coping with deep climate uncertainty
By Judith Curry, Climate Etc, Oct 18, 2012
Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate, or be Vague?
Uncritically, Media Accepts Misleading Global Warming Poll
The survey’s clear biases render the results meaningless.
By Tom Harris, PJ Media, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: One wonders about the quality of the university departments that conduct such polls and broadcast the results as meaningful.]
Dire drought ahead, may lead to massive tree death
By Staff Writers, Knoxville TN (SPX), Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The new normal is based on assuming that IPCC models, and additional assumptions, are correct.]
Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.
Claim: CO2 makes you stupid? Ask a submariner that question
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comments: According to regulations the long term maximum concentration of CO2 for astronauts and for submariners should not exceed 8000 ppm, more than 20 times the concentration in the atmosphere.]
October cold sets in as Ice rebounds – hemispheric snow expansion to follow
By Joseph D’Aleo, ICECAP, Oct 16, 2012
Dueling papers on Tropical Cyclone Frequency
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: An amusing, but serious, contrast.]
Elusive El Niño challenges NOAA’s 2012 U.S. Winter Outlook
Press Release, NOAA, Oct 18, 2012
Forecasters with NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center say a wavering El Niño, expected to have developed by now, makes this year’s winter outlook less certain than previous years.
[SEPP Comment: The IPCC specifically excluded El Niños as a cause of global warming / climate change.]
Climate Warmer 1000 Years Ago.
By David Whitehouse, GWPF, Oct 17, 2012
In the context of climate sensitivity – the real world climatic reaction to increasing greenhouse gases – and climate model uncertainty, it is an interesting question to ask: if Nature alone in the past can produce temperatures like those we see today, why can’t she do so again?
Tropical collapse caused by lethal heat
By Staff Writer, Science Codex, Oct 18, 2012 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: The report does not give any indication of cause of extreme heat that caused the death of the plants, resulting in an increase in CO2. Another study accessed from the web site indicates the tropics were cold during the global glaciation 50 million years previous.]
Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature As Warm In 1775 As Today
By David Whitehouse, GWPF, Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Based on coral growth, Atlantic sea surface temperatures vary with the cyclical Atlantic Warm Pool, which vary with the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO).
Scientists Uncover Diversion of Gulf Stream Path in Late 2011
By Staff Writers, Cape Cod, MA (SPX), Oct 15, 2012
Australian sea levels have been falling for 7000 years
By Jo Nova, Her Blog, Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The Australian continent may not be as tectonically stable as earlier studies have suggested.]
Too much of a good thing can be bad for corals
By Staff Writers, Miami FL (SPX), Oct 15, 2012
[SEPP Comment: A major question is: in the artificial environment were other types of algae available to reestablish a symbiotic relationship with the corals?]
Scientists identify trigger for explosive volcanic eruptions
By Staff Writers, Southampton UK (SPX), Oct 15, 2012
Review of Recent Scientific Articles by NIPCC
For a full list of articles see www.NIPCCreport.org
Initial Testing of IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Climate Models
Reference: Kim, H.-M., Webster, P.J. and Curry, J.A. 2012. Evaluation of short-term climate change prediction in multi-model CMIP5 decadal hindcasts. Geophysical Research Letters 39: 10.1029/2012GL051644.
[SEPP Comment: Though not discussed, a further failure of such limited, hindcast methods is the failure of incorporate historic climate change.]
Cold-Water Corals Trumping Ocean Acidification: How Is It Done?
Reference: McCullock, M., Trotter, J., Montagna, P., Falter, J., Dunbar, R., Freiwald, A., Forsterra, G., Correa, M.L., Maier, C., Ruggeberg, A. and Taviana, M. 2012. Resilience of cold-water scleractinian corals to ocean acidification: Boron isotopic systematics of pH and saturation state up-regulation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 87: 21-34.
[SEPP Comment: Living organisms self-regulate and adapt.]
The Unseen Benefits of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment
Reference: Prior, S.A., Runion, G.B., Torbert, H.A., Idso, S.B. and Kimball, B.A. 2012. Sour orange fine root distribution after seventeen years of atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 162-163: 85-90.
With a Hint and a Nudge, Climate Model Downscaling Can be Improved
Reference: Otte, T.L., Nolte, C.G., Otte, M.J. and Bowden, J.H. 2012. Does Nudging Squelch the Extremes in Regional Climate Modeling? Journal of Climate 25: 7046- 7066.
[SEPP Comment: After the model is tuned, is it on-pitch or off-pitch?]
The Political Games Continue
Science In The Election
Presidential candidates Obama and Romney talk about science policy issues facing the U.S.
By Susan R. Morrissey, ACS, Oct 4, 2012 [H/t Paul Redfern]
Subsidies and Mandates Forever
Subsidizing Big Wind: The Real Costs to Taxpayers
By Robert Bryce, Manhattan Institute, Oct, 2012
Using the BP and CBO data, we find that the tax preferences for wind energy total $1,540 per barrel of oil equivalent per day.
[SEPP Comment: More than just the production tax credit.]
Interior Greenlights New Era for Solar Development on Public Lands in the Southwest
By Staff Writers, San Francisco CA (SPX), Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Are not consumers and taxpayers who have to pay for these expensive programs stakeholders?]
Energy Issues – Non-US
Dead pipeline walking
Northern Gateway dead as Enbridge had no grasp of B.C. reality
By Tex Enemark, Financial Post, Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: All too typical failure of major corporations to understand local issues.]
Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?
First shale gas flows into national grid
By Paddy Manning, Sydney Morning Herald, Oct 19, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
U.K. Plans to Allow Shale Gas Drilling to Resume This Year
By Alex Morales, Bloomberg, Oct 16, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
[SEPP Comment: The earthquakes probably caused less vibration than one experiences in a train station.]
Designing an Affordable CO2 Thickener to Augment Oil Extraction
Press Release, Univ of Pittsburg, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: An example of a possibly effective government grant for research. The technology has been demonstrated, the issue is to develop better and less costly thickening agents.]
By Donn Dears, Power for USA, Oct 19, 2012
[SEPP Comment: In certain areas water wells have long been contaminated with natural gas even with no drilling nearby.]
Return of King Coal?
Coal bailed out the grid before and will need to do so again: Why handicap our greatest energy resource?
By Frank Clemente, Energy Facts Weekly, Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Right now natural gas is a lower cost alternative to coal. But will it be able to replace the low cost electricity generated by coal as EPA regulations are shutting coal-fired utilities down? Will new natural gas utilities drive up the price of natural gas to the point of no longer being able to maintain low prices?]
Lawmakers to EPA: Consider MATS Subcategory for Waste Coal Plants
By Sonal Patel, Power News, Oct 18, 2012
Oil Spills, Gas Leaks & Consequences
Prestige oil spill disaster trial opens in Spain
By Staff Writers, A Coruna, Spain (AFP) Oct 16, 2012
Coast Guard: Gulf oil slick comes from device used in 2010 spill
By Harry Weber, Fuel Fix, Oct 18, 2012
Nuclear Energy and Fears
Tiny travelers from deep space could assist in healing Fukushima’s nuclear scar
By Staff Writers, Los Alamos NM (SPX), Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Using cosmic-ray radiography to capture image data of potentially damaged nuclear material.]
France needs more electricity, not less nuclear
EDF chief Henri Proglio has positioned electricity as “the energy of the future” while the country prepares to debate an ‘energy transition’.
By Staff Writers, WNN, Oct 15, 2012
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Solar and Wind
Wind and solar: the ethical investments to avoid
Renewable energy has turned sour for ethical investors, with wind and solar among the worst-performing stocks
By Patrick Collinson, Guardian, Oct 12, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
Subsidizing Bird Kills: The Wind Industry’s Preferences Include Exemptions From Federal Prosecution for Killing Wildlife
By Robert Bryce, Energy Tribune, Oct 19, 2012
A123, Satcon Are Latest Clean Tech Casualties
By Sonal Patel, POWERnews, Oct 18, 2012
Is Wind Energy Dangerous?
By Donn Dears, Power for USA, Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The question of the week. Should GE sell unreliable wind turbines and reliable gas turbines as a package to those who demand wind?]
The Politics of Fear: How Exaggerated Claims About Climate Change Cost Taxpayers Millions of Dollars
By Panos Mourdoukoutas, Forbes, Oct 16, 2012
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy — Other
The Great Ethanol Scam
By Alan Caruba, Warming Signs, Oct 13, 2012
The Case Against Ethanol from Corn
By James H. Rust, Somewhat Reasonable, Oct 13, 2012
Biofuels industry does not deserve to be demonised
Grossly simplifying the issues and creating bogeymen risks crushing desperately needed solutions
By Clare Wenner, Guardian, UK, Oct 16, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
[SEPP Comment: The author of the editorial is the head of the renewable transport fuels at the Renewable Energy Association.]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Vehicles
Time to pull the plug on electric cars?
By Neil Briscoe, Irish Times, Oct 17, 2012
Move over electric: Are natural gas vehicles the future of cars?
Governors across the country are creating incentives for automakers to produce more vehicles that run on natural gas, according to OilPrice.com. Will natural gas cars be the next big thing in the automotive industry?
By Jen Alic, Christian Science Monitor, Oct 11, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
A Grand Experiment to Rein In Climate Change
By Felicity Barringer, NYT, Oct 13, 2012
California’s Bankrupt Green Energy Economy Is Obama EPA’s Model For The Nation
By Larry Bell, Forbes, Oct 16, 2012
World’s biggest geoengineering experiment ‘violates’ UN rules
Controversial US businessman’s iron fertilisation off west coast of Canada contravenes two UN conventions
By Martin Lukacs, Guardian, UK, Oct 15, 2012 [H/t Peter Salonius]
Other Scientific News
An extremely brief reversal of the geomagnetic field, climate variability and a super volcano
By Staff Writers, Munich, Germany (SPX), Oct 17, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The polarity shift lasted only 250 years!]
Japanese lake record improves radiocarbon dating
By Staff Writers, Washington DC (SPX), Oct 19, 2012
University of Tennessee study confirms solar wind as source for moon water
By Staff Writers, Knoxville TN (SPX), Oct 16, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Others participated in the study as well.]
Proof at last: Moon was created in giant smashup
By Staff Writers, St. Louis MO (SPX), Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Proof may be a too strong of a term.]
Other News that May Be of Interest
LSU research team shows negative impact of nutrients on coastal ecosystems
By Staff Writers, Baton Rouge LA (SPX), Oct 18, 2012
[SEPP Comment: One of several research teams.]
BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Gasoline alchemy from water vapor and CO2
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Oct 18, 2012
Success of energy harvesting depends on collaboration between industry and academics
By Paul Weaver, European Energy Review, Oct 15, 2012
Dinosaur-era acoustics: Global warming may give oceans the ‘sound’ of the Cretaceous
By Staff Writers, Washington DC (SPX), Oct 19, 2012
Global temperatures directly affect the acidity of the ocean, which in turn changes the acoustical properties of sea water.
[SEPP Comment: Exactly how does warming effect acidity? Warming of the oceans will reduce the amount of CO2 in the solution.]
NASA’s Climate Kids Website Blames Global Warming for Shrinking Sheep and Fat Marmots
By Penny Starr, CNSNews, Oct 13, 2012 [H/t Timothy Wise]