Climate Craziness of the Week: Poo Power from your dog

Bobko D writes in Tips and Notes

Anthony,

One of the more ridiculous schemes how to save the world – a candidate for your “Craziness of the week”, perhaps – is the POO POWER! project from Melbourne, Australia.

I am tempted to believe the guy who dreamed it up, Duncan Chew, must be playing a joke on our environmentalists – yet he is now laughing all the way to the bank, with this $45,000 grant from Australian Government green schemes:

I’m tempted to agree, especially when the guy can’t even get the flowchart sequence right, i.e. which came first, the dog or the poo? 😉

This one’s a real stinker, even by green lunacy standards.  Next I envision they’ll try to make catbox powered homes…Read on…

MEDIA RELEASE (see http://www.poopower.com.au/our-story/45000-grant-to-poo-power.html )

Poo Power! is one of … recipients from Inspiring Australia’s ‘Unlocking Australia’s Potential’ program. The $45,000 grant has been awarded to the Yarra Energy Foundation to turn dog poo from parks in the City of Yarra into renewable energy.

There is over 1350 tonnes of dog waste to be disposed of every day in Australia… Using this un-tapped resource, Poo Power! will engage Australians in its science through utilising an anaerobic digester to process dog waste into biogas that can serve as a local renewable energy source.

Within the City of Yarra there are approximately 6078 dogs that generate over 750 tonnes of waste every year… This waste can be diverted into a local an anaerobic digester to generate more than 3800 litres of biogas that can be used for heating, lighting or electricity.

This small but important amount of biogas will be used in a City of Yarra park in an interactive public installation as a community meeting place for use by dog owners and other citizens.

“This project has the potential to be groundbreaking, a whole lot of fun and will deliver value to the citizens in the City of Yarra, which is why YEF is involved.” Alex Fearnside, CEO of the Yarra Energy Foundation.

This project was instigated by Duncan Chew … Project and Science Engagement Manager for the Poo Power! Project…”

Media enquiries:

Poo Power! – Duncan Chew | 0418 513 240 | duncan@greennation.com.au

Yarra Energy Foundation – Alex Fearnside | 0434 990 108 | alex.fearnside@yef.org.au

—–

“What is Poo Power? We’ve found a way to unleash the power in the 1,350 tonnes of dog poo produced each day in Australia….”

and

“…On average, a dog produces 0.34 kilograms (kg) of feces per day. Consequently, there is approximately 1,350.48 tonnes (t) of dog waste to be disposed of every day in Australia; 492,925 tonnes (t) per year.

Therefore we want to build an anaerobic methane digester to process the dog waste … to create a biogas that can serve as renewable energy source…”

(http://www.poopower.com.au/what-is-poo-power.html)

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Andi Cockroft

I think my hamster will do much better in any efficiency rating – his (or is it her?) energy is available directly, and usually available at night – even when the wind doesn’t blow or the sun doesn’t shine
Andi
PS Being in NZ, how can I get an Aussie grant application?
PPS There’s always the hamster-poo left over as well

I get angrier every time I hear of another waste of money from this government……

Patrick Davis

And it wasnt too long ago a “scientist/expert” in New Zealand said the family dog emitted more CO2 than a SUV and should be put down.

Gnome

All registered dog owners will be required to submit 340 grammes of dogpoo to their local council every day or face heavy fines.
Another reason to resist registering your dog

Kaboom

There better use for dog poo in Australia by using it as a means of political speech, for example.

mwhite

If it was that good an idea the world would be full of powerstations using human and farm animal waste. This kind of electricitty production has been known about for decades.

I don’t want to pooh-pooh this noble initiative, but the City of Yarra is not a small area, and I imagine the fossil fuels used in carting canine faeces to the treatment centre will offset any supposed CO2 abatement from producing gas in the inner suburbs. Given that the massive Bass Strait gas fields are in Melbourne’s back yard , it seems like yet another inner-city Green project wasting taxpayers’ funds.
A neat summary of the Bass Strait hydrocarbon deposits is found here
http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&ved=0CG8QFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.spe.org%2Fjpt%2Fprint%2Farchives%2F2011%2F08%2F13BassStrait.pdf&ei=8rIwUIr7Gubj4QSvg4Ag&usg=AFQjCNHa_TVxR1kcQXV_r6_K4QDdId14zg&sig2=vcSKZB-tOyM3JB4RzIcQkA

mwhite

A word on collection

John Silver

Kenji is concerned.

SanityP

… and then we will get trucks running all over Australia to collect said poo and drive it to a central place, like the capital and dump it there.

Brian Johnson uk

Just collecting a days doggie doos would take thousands of gallons of fuel but I think if they could shrink Australia to the size of the Isle of Wight then it has a chance of working. Oh dear I seem to be thinking like a Warmist! WIth similar logic. I know Julia Gillard will have the answer…….

View from the Solent

“I am tempted to believe the guy who dreamed it up, Duncan Chew, must be playing a joke on our environmentalists – yet he is now laughing all the way to the bank, ”
Playing a joke and laughing on his way to the bank are not mutually exclusive. I wonder if I can work that scam on my (UK) government?

A story from the time of Chairman Mao goes that there were too many rats, so citizens had to front up to depots once a week with X rat tails per head, if it can be expressed that way, to be paid a small sum. In a few days out of the starting blocks, there were companies breeding rats to supply tails the easy way. They were genuine companies, they gave you more than a rat’s arse.
By coincidence, I know of a poopy farm or two not far from the City of Yarra. Anyone looking for a crappy investment?
Anyone in another country looking to import crappy bureacrats & politicians? Cheap? With poo credits?

Anon

Sorry to poo poo your scepticism guys, but the basic technology behind this idea has already been demonstrated. Essentially the idea is to extract methane from poo. This paper demonstrates over 70% methane recovery.
http://www.iwaponline.com/wst/06504/wst065040604.htm

ABSTRACT
This paper demonstrates the potential for recovering dissolved methane from low temperature anaerobic processes treating domestic wastewater. In the absence of methane recovery, ca. 45% of the produced methane is released as a fugitive emission which results in a net carbon footprint of -0.47 kg CO2e m-3. A poly-di-methyl-siloxane (PDMS) membrane contactor was applied to support sweep gas desorption of dissolved methane using nitrogen. The dense membrane structure controlled gaseous mass transfer thus recovery was maximised at low liquid velocities. At the lowest liquid velocity, VL, of 0.0025 m s-1, 72% of the dissolved methane was recovered. A vacuum was also trialled as an alternative to sweep-gas operation. At vacuum pressures below 30 mbar, reasonable methane recovery was observed at an intermediate VL of 0.0056 m s-1. Results from this study demonstrate that dissolved methane recovery could increase net electrical production from low temperature anaerobic processes by ca. +0.043 kWhe m-3 and reduce the net carbon footprint to +0.01 kg CO2e m-3. However, further experimental work to optimise the gas-side hydrodynamics is required as well as validation of the long-term impacts of biofouling on process performance.

“Where there’s muck, there’s brass”

Richard

To put this in context, the City of Yarra is a local government area within greater Melbourne. It attracts the far left. It has areas of state government housing occupied by disadvantaged people and newly arrived “boat people”, so it’s an area ripe for exploitation by the left. Unlike some other areas populated by the chardonnay sipping, latte quaffing greenies, it’s not a rich area so its semi-coherent inhabitants tend to be more of the fluffy fringe of the green movement who haven’t yet worked out that they are just pawns in the grand plan. It is upwardly mobile in the sense that the greenies have their pavement dining made comfortable by gas burning patio heaters.
Just my opinion, of course.

Dr. John M. Ware

If a dog poops out .34kg per day, and a kg is still 2.2 pounds, that equals .73lb or just short of 12 ounces of feces per day. Somewhere I read that the average human’s output is about 8oz per day, which I think is too low, but which, if true, brings up the question: What kinds of dogs are submitting their poops to this measurement? Does the average dog produce 50% more actual poop by weight than the average human? I think the output must be to some extent proportional to body weight, though I realize that different species and individuals have different metabolisms, diets, and other factors. Still, a second question remains: If the weight of the droppings is as wildly inaccurate as it appears to me to be, and if transportation of feces to processing sites has not been accurately factored into the process, how can the government justify this grant? Third question: At what stage of freshness is this dog manure useful? It would seem quite a burden for the humans who feed these dogs to have to collect their waste immediately upon extrusion; and yet, if one waits until the stuff gets dry and brittle, it might not have quite the oomph it needs for the stated purpose. Just some practical questions among many that might be asked . . .

David Ross

Cry ‘Havoc,’ and let slip the dogs of global warming;
That this foul deed shall smell above the earth : )

David Ross

Geoff Sherrington wrote:
“A story from the time of Chairman Mao goes that there were too many rats, so citizens had to front up to depots once a week with X rat tails per head…”
It ain’t no “story”.
About the same time as “progressives” in America were getting all worked up about Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring, the glorious people’s revolution in China declared war on sparrows (and rats).

Four Pests Campaign
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Pests_Campaign
The Great sparrow campaign also known as the Kill a sparrow campaign, and officially, the Four Pests campaign was one of the first actions taken in the Great Leap Forward from 1958 to 1962. The four pests to be eliminated were rats, flies, mosquitoes, and sparrows.[1] The extermination of the latter upset the ecological balance, and enabled crop-eating insects to proliferate.
Campaign
The campaign against the ‘Four Pests’ was initiated in 1958 as a hygiene campaign by Mao Zedong, who identified the need to exterminate mosquitoes, flies, rats, and sparrows. Sparrows – mainly the Eurasian Tree Sparrow[1][2] – were included on the list because they ate grain seeds, robbing the people of the fruits of their labour. The masses of China were mobilized to eradicate the birds, and citizens took to banging pots and pans or beating drums to scare the birds from landing, forcing them to fly until they fell from the sky in exhaustion. Sparrow nests were torn down, eggs were broken, and nestlings were killed.[1][3] Sparrows and other birds were shot down from the sky, resulting in the near-extinction of the birds in China.[4] Non-material rewards and recognition were offered to schools, work units and government agencies in accordance with the volume of pests they had killed.
By April 1960, Chinese leaders realized that sparrows ate a large amount of insects, as well as grains.[3][2] Rather than being increased, rice yields after the campaign were substantially decreased.[1][2] Mao ordered the end of the campaign against sparrows, replacing them with bedbugs in the ongoing campaign against the Four Pests.[3] By this time, however, it was too late. With no sparrows to eat them, locust populations ballooned,[1] swarming the country and compounding the ecological problems already caused by the Great Leap Forward, including widespread deforestation and misuse of poisons and pesticides. Ecological imbalance is credited with exacerbating the Great Chinese Famine in which upwards of 30 million people died of starvation.

Eliminating the last sparrow
http://chineseposters.net/posters/e16-34.php
Great Sparrow campaign 1957

The Great Sparrow campaign documentary

I wonder what the calorific value of their 5-dollar note is?
I suspect 9,000 of them sent direct to an incinerator will be a more energy-efficient method of producing at least some useful power.

Another Gareth

It’s a conspiracy!
I saw an advert for this on tv: Doggie Doo game
“Around 15 years ago, toy inventors at Lund and Company Invention created a pooping dog game that made loud farting sounds as you squeezed the dog’s leash! Since most kids on the face of the earth find humor in all bodily functions, Lund was sure this pooping dog would be the next craze of the late 90’s. All they needed was to find the dog a master — a “toy industry expert” to adopt the concept and turn the dog into the next mega hit game!”
They are brainwashing kids to be comfortable with dog muck so they will obey.
/sarc
Gnome said: “All registered dog owners will be required to submit 340 grammes of dogpoo to their local council every day or face heavy fines.”
Is it okay if I put it in their letterbox?
I was amused at the specious accuracy of the claim “Within the City of Yarra there are approximately 6078 dogs that generate over 750 tonnes of waste every year”. Why not just say over 6000 dogs?

rogerknights

Brian Johnson uk says:
August 19, 2012 at 2:48 am
Just collecting a days doggie doos would take thousands of gallons of fuel….

To make this workable, the poo would have to be picked up by the regular trash or recyclable truck and put in a separate compartment.

Bobko D

Well, it may look like a joke, but according to this http://www.scienceinpublic.com.au/inspiringaus/inspiringvictoria#more-11357 it is indeed genuinely supported by Australian Government:
“About the grants
… A total of $5 million has been awarded across the country in three levels of grant categories…
The prime objective of the program is to increase the engagement of Australians in science … Inspiring Australia is an initiative of the Australian Government.”
And also:
“Other grant recipients include:

• Animations will be developed to communicate complex climate change science issues to the public ($39,000).

• In the future, could dog poo power your BBQ? Melbourne man Duncan Chew has received a $45,000 Unlocking Australia’s Potential grant, to build and install a “digester” in a city park that will turn dog poo into a biogas.”

Anoneumouse

hide the K9

DirkH

mwhite says:
August 19, 2012 at 2:39 am
“If it was that good an idea the world would be full of powerstations using human and farm animal waste. This kind of electricitty production has been known about for decades.”
My home state Lower Saxony is indeed full of biogas converters; and they were meant to process animal waste and plant leftovers, and subsidized greatly.
Over time, the farmers found out that corn is a much better feedstock than manure.
These days they run nearly exclusively on corn, and most of the fields around them are used to grow corn.
This Australian guy is a little behind the curve, but if it helps him to attract taxpayer money…

ozspeaksup

the obvious and immediate aussie rejoinders been made..
Canberras known for more crap than any aussie dog.
I protest this move to STEAL valuable nutrients from the dung beetles!
environmental vandals starving the poor beetles!!
I have Four very large hounds, and a horse.
within a matter of days the dung beetles have stolen most of the poop hitting the gound here, the worms take their share and the chooks scatter the rest ecologically.
the only poop I can collect for composting is the overnight chook shed deposits.
fair enough suburban yards are chemically poisoned wasteland where few worms and beetle manage to survive, the smarter owners have ingound chemcompost doggy loos already..and I doubt the one or two poops a ay while out walking is going to fuel much of a digester..
councils refused to handle it in garbage in years gone by citing possible health risks,
how are they going to avoid that? this time? I wonder??
and..
what about the millions of foul cat craps? hell of a lot more cats than dogs in aus.

Man Bearpig

This is amazing but it has given me an idea too ..
If we could link up hamster wheels together think of the power that could be generated from those things whizzing around. I think I may put in a request to build the first ‘Green’ Hamster farm.

dave ward

“There are approximately 6078 dogs” – If they can count that accurately it’s hardly approximate!
Actually this could be a more reliable and consistent source of energy than either wind or solar. I was going through the UK Renewable Energy Foundation site list of generators, and the ones using sewage or landfill gas had Annual Load Factors typically twice as good…
http://www.ref.org.uk/roc-generators/index.php

Gunga Din

Anybody out there live close to an anaerobic digester?
If thy build one close to this park, better check which way the wind is blowing before planning that picnic!

As if the project culling the farting burping feral camels wasn’t embarrassing enough …
Who was it had that idea of using the CO2 sequestering ability of urine? Hope that wasn’t here as well.
Whatever next. My father told me: ” … they don’t advertise jobs for idiots.” He was wrong about that …
The volumes look suspect for a start. Also, it seems to have escaped the attention of these confirmed anal-retentives, that dogs don’t crap (or baulk) on command. Also, (like their human counterparts) females tend to be a bit more discrete than males.
I once helped to build a methane digester at a pig farm. Yes, it worked. Not sure whether it was cost-effective. Didn’t last long enough to find out. There was a leak, explosion, and everyone around got a free sample of the raw material.

David, UK

So I guess we should expect shortly to see brown collection bins on the Australian streets, alongside the black, green and blue ones.

Steve Crook

At the risk of being a lone voice in a wilderness of derision, in the UK most public parks have bins where dog owners are supposed to put their dogs shit (apart from a few twerps, most do). These bins get emptied about once a week. I’d assume that the bin content heads to landfill. So, diverting it to a digester isn’t quite as barmy as it seems. No additional CO2 or fuel required.
However, most people collect the shit in little plastic bags to put it in the bins, don’t know what the digester would make of that…

beng

Another use would be to sun-dry the feces until hard, then use for shotgun target practice.
Call it either a poop-shoot or a crap-shoot.

Doug

“This small but important amount of biogas will be used in a City of Yarra park in an interactive public installation as a community meeting place for use by dog owners and other citizens.”
Question: Who is going to want to go hang out next to this thing?

Louis Hooffstetter

Retrofit the municipal sewage treatment plant with an anaerobic digester and flush the dog poop down the toilets.
Now send me my $45,000

Yarra Council should immediately register every dog in the area. Dog owners should be issued with a small sealable bucket and be required to order bio-degradable doggie bags, in which all waste produced by the dog should be collected, from the Council at a sustainable charge. The containers should be weighed and emptied on a weekly basis. An owner whose bucket is lighter than normal has clearly allowed his dog to foul a public space, spreading excess Carbon into the atmosphere and will be required to purchase carbon credits and also be fined up to A$1000.00 for each offence. Any owner whose bucket is heavier than expected will recieve an illuminated scroll detailing his public-spiritedness and will be included on a monthly roll of honour to be published in the Council news letter.
Just in case, /sarc.

John M

Within the City of Yarra there are approximately 6078 dogs that generate over 750 tonnes of waste every year… This waste can be diverted into a local an anaerobic digester to generate more than 3800 litres of biogas that can be used for heating, lighting or electricity.

3800 litres per year? That’s certainly what that implies. And I checked, that is indeed the language in the original press release says.
So at the current price of ~$100 $Aus/1000 cubic metres, that 3800 litres would net you a cool $0.38/yr. The Aussie government would get its (Aussie taxpayers that is) money back in roughly 118,000 yrs.
OK, so let’s give ’em a break and assume they meant 3800 L/day. That cuts their payback to a mere 335 years or so.
Of course, with collection, transportation, capital and processing costs…

Brian Johnson uk

rogerknights said
“To make this workable, the poo would have to be picked up by the regular trash or recyclable truck and put in a separate compartment.”
Well in the Surrey Hills UK we we told we had to separate paper and plastic bottles and that existed for years. Now we are told we have to include paper and plastic in the same bin! I suspect that the majority is just burnt/tipped/buried.
How much recycling is actually recycled?

I’m tempted to agree, especially when the guy can’t even get the flowchart sequence right, i.e. which came first, the dog or the poo? 😉

My dog eats cat poop. I’m not sure which has a higher potential Methane content, dog probably are fed more fiber, cats likely don’t digest plant materials as well as dogs. Need $$$ for study.

Within the City of Yarra there are approximately 6078 dogs that generate over 750 tonnes of waste every year … This waste can be diverted into a local an anaerobic digester to generate more than 3800 litres of biogas that can be used for heating, lighting or electricity.

My vote is to provide electricity for an electric vehicle to bring raw poop and dispose of the digested effluent. Lessee, we Americans have no idea what to do with a liter of methane other than explode it in the back yard. We deal in hundreds of cubic feet:

$ units
2438 units, 71 prefixes, 32 nonlinear units
You have: 3800 liter
You want: 100 feet^3
        * 1.3419573
        / 0.74518017

1 1/3 100 cu ft. According to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gasoline_gallon_equivalent , I should have just stuck with liters:
A gallon of gasoline is equivalent to:
Compressed natural gas (CNG) = 126.67 cu ft (3.587 m3) at 900 BTU/cu ft
(I think this really refers to natural gas compressed to 1 bar).
So 3,800 liters of biogas (I assume nearly all methane and no water) is a bit more than a gallon of gasoline. I should’ve stuck with liters, call it 4 liters. Per year. About 1 liter of gasoline per year per $10,000 investment. Capital idea!

Luther Wu

David Ross says:
August 19, 2012 at 3:38 am
Cry ‘Havoc,’ and let slip the dogs of global warming;
That this foul deed shall smell above the earth : )
____________________________
For it’s doggie do this and doggie do that and “chuck it down the chute”
but it’s savior of the country when we turn it into loot…

Doug Huffman

I am battling with my town supervisors to get them off TDC and to build an anaerobic biodigester, so some of us have looked more or less deeply into the economies of such. We have about 100 head of cattle and likely as many other large barnyard animals, a dwindling farming economy and ~1000 humans waste from which to benefit. If we carefully loaded our entire waste stream, even straw and stalk, then we can juust make economic amounts of fuel gas, enough to run the digester and not use power from off Island.

Doug Huffman

Well done Luther!
Yesterday I noticed a tourist’s personalized auto license plate, WU CHI, ’embrace power’ if i remember my pidgin.

John M

Anthony,
How could you post up this item without referencing this classic?
http://wattsupwiththat.com/2011/04/25/ben-santer-elected-agu-fellow/
I wonder if Santer will claim precedence, or at least squatter’s rights.
He probably does deserve his cut of the biogas.

Sou

A few points. In Australia most responsible dog owners in the inner city pick up their dog’s poo and dispose of it in containers in the park, so the cost of collecting it is effectively nil.
It’s not a unique idea. It’s already happening in Cambridge MA http://parksparkproject.com/artwork/1591007.html
And in Arizona:
https://asunews.asu.edu/20120501_dogpark
And looks like getting off the ground in the UK:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2137773/Puppy-power-Dog-mess-turned-electricity-pioneering-scheme.html
As others have noted, the concept is hardly new but the application to dog poo in parks is a neat way of making use of doggy waste.

OK, this is not a bad idea as far as how to handle a waste product.
BUT !!!
To think (and claim) that you are going to save the planet and generate any appreciable amount of energy is just nonsense

Kelvin Vaughan

I better tell this man he can get a grant.
http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/methane_bate.html

Alan Watt, CD (Certified Denialist), Level 7

I can’t believe I’m treating this as a serious discussion. I guess it’s too early in the day too late in the week to muster adequate sarcastic response.
Anon says:
August 19, 2012 at 3:04 am

Sorry to poo poo your scepticism guys, but the basic technology behind this idea has already been demonstrated. Essentially the idea is to extract methane from poo. This paper demonstrates over 70% methane recovery.
http://www.iwaponline.com/wst/06504/wst065040604.htm

Your reference describes a different goal. The 70% recovery refers to the amount of methane which would otherwise be released into the atmosphere from decomposing waste. They are concerned with reducing emissions of a greenhouse gas. That has nothing to do with whether enough methane is recovered to produce as much energy as would be consumed collecting the waste and transporting it to a collection/conversion station.
An earlier commenter hit the key issue squarely on the head:
mwhite says:
August 19, 2012 at 2:39 am

If it was that good an idea the world would be full of powerstations using human and farm animal waste. This kind of electricitty production has been known about for decades.

[I’m going to take a wild guess here that mwhite does not review grant proposals for the “Unlocking Australia’s Potential” initiative]
There is surely more human than canine fecal waste in Yarra and much of it is probably aready collected through a public sewer system and processed in a central waste treatment facility. If methane from waste recovery makes sense, it makes the most sense at the central facility where much of the waste already goes. So, rather than give Mr. Chew $45,000 to create a new special-purpose poo-power contraption for the city parks, it would be vastly more sensible to simply collect the waste and dump it into the existing sewer/waste treatement system.
Personally, I think worrying about methane release from dog waste decomposition is completely pointless. The total biomass of termites in the world is vastly greater than dogs and humans put together and their gut bacteria are prolific converters of cellulose to methane. Dog poo and cow farts are so far down on the scale of atmospheric methane release it’s laughable.
I guess there are simply no stupid ideas when you are spending other people’s money.

mwhite

Steve Crook says:
August 19, 2012 at 5:17 am
“However, most people collect the shit in little plastic bags to put it in the bins”
Some may “put it in the bins”, but there seems to be an ever increasing minority of peaple who tie these bags to all manner of objects. Many seem to be hanging from the lower branches of trees.

DirkH

Brian Johnson uk says:
August 19, 2012 at 5:55 am
“Well in the Surrey Hills UK we we told we had to separate paper and plastic bottles and that existed for years. Now we are told we have to include paper and plastic in the same bin! I suspect that the majority is just burnt/tipped/buried. ”
When they request you to put plastic and paper in the normal bin this indicates that they have a waste incinerator. Paper and plastic are good fuels. Incinerators love plastic-rich waste.

David Ross

Some poo is more equal than others.

Snowball … had worked out a complicated scheme for all the animals to drop their dung directly in the fields, at a different spot every day, to save the labour of cartage.
[…]
It had come to be accepted that the pigs, who were manifestly cleverer than the other animals, should decide all questions of farm policy, … But of all their controversies, none was so bitter as the one that took place over the windmill.
[…]
The whole farm was deeply divided on the subject of the windmill. Snowball did not deny that to build it would be a difficult business. … But he maintained that it could all be done in a year. And thereafter, he declared, so much labour would be saved that the animals would only need to work three days a week.
[…]
Napoleon announced that he had decided upon a new policy. … The needs of the windmill must override everything else, he said.
[…]
“No more delays, comrades!” cried Napoleon … “There is work to be done. This very morning we begin … building the windmill, and we will build all through the winter, rain or shine. … Remember, comrades, there must be no alteration in our plans: they shall be carried out to the day. Forward, comrades! Long live the windmill! Long live Animal Farm!”
[…]
On Sunday mornings Squealer, holding down a long strip of paper with his trotter, would read out to them lists of figures proving that the production of every class of foodstuff had increased by two hundred per cent, three hundred per cent, or five hundred per cent, as the case might be
[…]
The windmill had been successfully completed at last, … The windmill, however, had not after all been used for generating electrical power. It was used for milling corn, … The animals were hard at work building yet another windmill; … But the luxuries of which Snowball had once taught the animals to dream, the stalls with electric light and hot and cold water, and the three-day week, were no longer talked about. Napoleon had denounced such ideas as contrary to the spirit of Animalism. The truest happiness, he said, lay in working hard and living frugally.
George Orwell, Animal Farm

If you want a picture of the future, imagine a bootcarbon footprint stamping on a human face — for ever.
George Orwell, 1984

Luther Wu

Reading about the endless schemes reported in WUWT gives me a funny feeling as if I’ve been transported back in time to 1970, reading the first issues of The Mother Earth News and The Whole Earth Catalog.