Quote of the Week:
“… there’s the social dominance orientation of conservatives, who see social life as following the law of the jungle. One’s choice is to dominate or be dominated, that is the natural order of things. Such folk are leery of climate change solutions premised on fairness or egalitarianism. “AGU Director Chris Mooney quoted by David Roberts in GRIST.
Number of the Week: 31%
By Ken Haapala, Executive Vice President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
Videos from the Sixth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC) sponsored by Heartland Institute are available on the web. Go to:
Congress: After the tiresome debt limitation negotiations, Congress departed for its month long August recess, but not without concerns. Senator James Inhofe called on the administration and EPA not to implement any new ozone (falsely labeled as smog) standards until an investigation of the two Clean Air Act Advisory science committees is conducted. As mentioned in TWTW last week, the advisor from the National Academy of Sciences has warned EPA’s science committees that they are in danger of becoming scientifically irrelevant. Inhofe sent a letter to the Inspector General of the EPA citing specific areas of concern.
Almost simultaneously, fourteen, so named, public health and medical organizations sent President Obama a letter urging immediate adaption of the proposed rules. They claim the new rules are critical for improving public health standards, based on EPA numbers. Yet, the letter cites no empirical studies supporting EPA numbers. As discussed in prior TWTWs, EPA claims of reduction of new asthma cases simply makes no sense. As with sulfur dioxide and nitrous oxide, if there is a correlation between ozone and asthma, it is negative – less ozone more asthma. Such issues need to be resolved before the EPA, in pretending to protect public health, takes actions severely damaging economic, public welfare. Please see Article # 1, and articles referenced under “The Political Games Continue,” “EPA and other Regulators on the March” and “Environmental Industry.”
Quote of the Week: Global warming alarmists have been claiming that they must communicate better with the public. Apparently, one of the ways is to try to explain why scientists “the deniers” who do not accept global warming alarmism must be conservative white males. In “Stuff white people like: denying climate change” David Roberts announces a new study to be published attempting to explain this failure of communication. The quote from Chris Mooney, a newly elected director of the American Geophysical Union, is one of several in that post. Apparently, those quoted, especially Mr. Mooney, are incapable of realizing that many people do not accept the threat of dangerous global warming because the science of the alarmists is shoddy. The alarmists fail to empirically verify their claims. [Note: the term climate change is used, even though the alarmists have failed to establish any period of stable climate.]
As if race were important, the day before Roberts posted his piece, two members of the Affordable Power Alliance, Harry Jackson and Niger Innis (Innis is a director of the pioneering equal-rights group, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)), clearly stated why they oppose the global warming programs of the EPA and others. These programs will significantly increase the costs of electricity, thus lower the disposable income and standards of living for most Americans, particularly the poor. The programs will result in electricity shortages when demand is greatest, during the hot weather causing greater suffering. Please see Article #2 and referenced article under “Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.”
EPA Mileage Standards: Last week’s discussion of the administration’s improbable new mileage standards prompted several interesting responses. Malcolm Ross referenced a new article stating that The Times, London, uncovered that a battery change in the electric Nissan Leaf would cost about 19,000 pounds (about US $30,100 at today’s rates). But the Nissan representative said the battery should last about 10 years in London urban driving. This works out to be 1,900 pounds or $3,010 per year. The life span of the battery used on American highways in the hot southeast or the cold north will be interesting.
Charles Schafer wondered if the new standards are designed to encourage use of automobiles running on compressed natural gas. Honda produces versions of its Civic models most designed to run on gasoline, others designed to run natural gas. The gasoline LX with automatic transmission and air conditioning has a suggested retail price of $18,655 and is EPA rated 28 miles per gallon (mpg) city, 39 highway, and 32 combined. The natural gas GX version, comparably equipped, has a suggested price of $25,490 and is EPA rated at surprising low 24 mpg city, 36 highway, and 28 combined. EPA mileage ratings remain a mystery, but its programs for saving consumers money will be costly to the consumer. Please see referenced article under “Questioning European Green.”
NOAA Speaks: On June 23, The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released a draft statement of its scientific integrity policy that is “designed to ensure high quality standards in NOAA science and to promote a culture of transparency, integrity, and ethical behavior.” The sixty day public comment period on the policy closes on August 20, 2011.
On his web site, Climate Audit, Steve McIntyre noted that NOAA sponsored a sculpture titled “Pillars of Climate” at the American Meteorological Society’s Applied Climatology and Climate Change Adaptation conference in Asheville, NC. One pillar is Vandana Shiva, author of Vedic Ecology and an advisor to the Government of Bhutan on becoming an Organic Sovereign Country. A second pillar is Wangari Maathai who founded the Green Belt Movement in Africa.
A third pillar is R.K. Pachauri, the Chairman of the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. By now he should know something about climate science, transparency and integrity.
The fourth pillar is none other than Michael Mann, the originator of the infamous hockey-stick and the innovator of Climategate’s “hide the decline.” No doubt he exemplifies NOAA’s new standards of “transparency, integrity, and ethical behavior.” Please see articles referenced under NOAA.
Oil Spills: A study from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute that intensely studied the BP blow-out and oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is being published. The study finds that three weeks after the capping of the well, the oil plume was largely gone. It was consumed by microorganisms that feed on oil. The Gulf of Mexico has experienced oil slicks and seepages long before offshore drilling and before steaming ships were converted from coal to oil. Microorganisms have evolved to feed on oil.
As discussed in the April 23, 2011 TWTW, one year after the blow-out and the spill, the total number of major dead animals discovered with visible oil, was strikingly small. The ecological damage from the blow out has been greatly exaggerated, though some traces will remain for years to come.
Some components of the hydrocarbons remain, so every effort must be made to cap any ruptured well as quickly as possible. Over the past year, the industry has created such a fast response team and stated it is willing to maintain it with resources, containment lines, etc, dedicated for such purposes. It should be held accountable to do so.
There is no practical reason for the administration to continue to withhold permits for deep water drilling in the Gulf of Mexico. According to Senator David Vitter, already ten major drilling rigs have left the Gulf to work in Egypt, Congo, Nigeria, Brazil, etc. These rigs are very expensive to build and operate. They will not come back any time soon. There is no clearer example of exporting jobs to foreign countries than the administration’s policy on drilling in the Gulf of Mexico. Please see referenced articles under “Oil Spills and Consequences.”
Exxon-Mobil Pipeline Spill: During the heavy spring floods, an Exxon-Mobil pipeline crossing the Yellowstone River spilled about 1000 barrels of oil before it was shut off. This event is being used by the environmental industry to oppose the building of a very large new pipeline, called the Keystone XL, which will bring heavy oil, from tar sands in Alberta, Canada, to Texas refineries that are designed to process it. Now the refineries are processing heavy oil from Venezuela.
According to reports, the Yellowstone pipeline leak was caused by sand and gravel scouring the pipeline during turbulent action caused by heavy flows of the river. Such scouring is difficult to detect, even during the normal, or low, flows, and it remains virtually impossible to predict.
The pipeline was built with the old technology: dig a trench in the riverbed, lay the pipe, and cover it up with at least four feet of fill. The technology disturbed the riverbed, and even if the fill was heavy rock, it changed the fluid dynamics of the river. The technology may work fine in a river with many dams and little turbulent flow, except during floods; but not the free flowing Yellowstone which has no dams.
The new technology for crossing a river with a pipeline is to apply the techniques of directional drilling for oil and gas wells thereby placing the pipeline beneath the river to a depth of fifteen to fifty feet below the riverbed. The technology does not disturb the riverbed nor create changes in turbulence. For Keystone XL, it would be important to have the pipeline river crossings drilled, particularly at free-flowing rivers. Please see Article # 3.
Controversial Challenges: Last week, TWTW discussed the new, upcoming paper by Roy Spencer and Danny Braswell that estimates the models used by the IPCC greatly underestimate the energy loss to space during warming periods. This week, various blogs discussed a possible upcoming paper by atmospheric physicist Murry Salby of Macquarie University who challenges the generally accepted view on the carbon cycle. Since the paper has not been published, it is difficult to comment beyond Judith Curry’s comments, except to say that the chant, Science Is Settled, has a new, disturbing note. Please see referenced article under “Questioning the Orthodoxy.”
Number of the Week: 31% According to the calculations of Lubos Motl, Reference Frame, 31% of the stations used by Hadley Center – Climate Research Unit (HadCRUT3), the standard for surface temperatures, have shown a temperature decline since 1979. This should not be surprising for those who are familiar with the temperature trends over the same period posted by John Christy and Roy Spencer at the University of Alabama, Huntsville. The warming has not been uniform, or global, as alarmist suggest. These calculations further demonstrate that any use of global models to project regional climate variation is not scientific. Please see articles under “Models v. Observations” and “Measurement Issues.”
For the numbered articles below please see:
1. The Cost of Lisa Jackson
Why the EPA doesn’t consider job losses when it creates new rules.
Editorial, WSJ, Aug, 3, 2011
2. NAACP and EPA Inflict Heat Prostration and Death
By Harry Jackson with Niger Innis, Townhall, Aug 1, 2011
3. Chance of Oil Spill Rises With Floodwaters
Displaced Sediment Leaves Pipelines Beneath Riverbeds Exposed to Dangers
By Jack Nicas, WSJ, Aug 4, 2011
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
A Couple of CRU Stations
By Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, Aug 1, 2011
Challenging the Orthodoxy
A Step in the Right Direction: Backing off of Anthropocentrism in Climate Research
By Roy Spencer, His Blog, Aug 5, 2011
Defending the Orthodoxy – NOAA
NOAA’s Draft Integrity Policy Applauded by International Scientific Organization
By Staff Writers, SPX, Aug 02, 2011
NOAA scientific integrity
NOAA, Updated Jul 11, 2011
NOAA’s Pillars of Climate
By Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, Jul 30, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: McIntyre’s sarcasm is appropriately biting.]
NOAA’s Climate Office: Precursor to Cap and Trade
By Mike Johnson, American Thinker, Aug 1, 2011
Defending the Orthodoxy – Others
Extreme Weather and Climate Change
Understanding the Link, Managing the Risk
By Daniel G. Huber and Jay Gulledge, Ph.D., Pew Center for Climate Change, June 2011 [H/t Eric Gottshall]
Questioning the Orthodoxy
The Current Wisdom: The Lack of Recent Warming and the State of Peer Review
By Patrick Michaels, Cato, Aug 3, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
Carbon cycle questions
By Judith Curry, Her Blog, Aug 4, 2011
Questioning European Green
As Germany Cools, Projections Of Warming Heat Up
By P Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, Jul 31, 2011 [H/t Marc Morano, Climate Depot]
Chemical industry: Government underestimating impact of policies on manufacturers
The Engineer, UK, Aug 3, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Green taxes are crippling the recovery
By Harry Phibbs, Daily Mail, Aug 3, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Manufacturers want £470m relief from green tax pain
Manufacturers are lobbying for more than £470m in compensation from the taxpayer for having to swallow four green levies by the end of the decade.
By Rowena Mason, Telegraph, UK, Aug 2, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Electric car owners may face £19,000 battery charge
Electric car owners face a bill of up to £19,000 to replace the battery, a report has found.
Only 680 electric cars have been bought so far this year despite 2011 being declared Britain’s ‘year of the electric car’
By Staff Writer, Telegraph, UK, Aug 1, 2011 [H/t Malcolm Ross]
Green taxes to pay subsidies ‘will cost up to 30,000 jobs’
By Tim Shipman, Daily Mail, Aug 5, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Climate Change Money Should Go to Armed Services
By Ann Widdecombe, Express, UK, Aug 5, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Expanding the Orthodoxy
U.S. Education Dep’t Pushes Man-Made Global Warming, Saving the Earth at Children’s Reading Event
By Penny Starr, CNS News, Aug 2, 2011
Bureaucrats offer up green misinformation
Is an old briefing being wielded as a cudgel to indict Tories over climate?
By Peter Foster, Financial Post, Aug 2, 2011
Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate?
69% Say It’s Likely Scientists Have Falsified Global Warming Research
By Staff Writers, Rasmussen Reports, Aug 3, 2011 [H/t Tom Sheahen]
[SEPP Comment: Exaggeration comes with costs.]
Global Warming Credibility Problem
By Logan Penza, The Moderate Voice, Aug 4, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
All 50 States See Record Highs in July
By Staff Writers, Live Science, Aug 1, 2011 [H/t Gordon Fulks]
[SEPP Comment: Gordon Fulks wonders if the cold Pacific Northwest is still part of the US. One must remember that the historic record has been altered by dropping out many rural stations.]
Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.
Stuff white people like: denying climate change
By David Roberts, Grist, Aug 2, 2011
Models v. Observations
A Waste Of Money By NSF and NCAR? Are They Studying The Predictability Of Climate On Decadal Time Scales, Or Are They Just Providing Unverified Predictions To The Impacts Community?
By Roger Pielke, Sr, Pielke Climate Science, Aug 5, 2011
HadCRUT3: 30% of stations recorded a cooling trend in their whole history
By Lubos Motl, Reference Frame, Jul 30, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
HadCRUT3: 31% of stations saw cooling since 1979
By Lubos Motl, Reference Frame, Aug 4, 2011
East Coast next wild weather target – though not Emily
By Joseph D’Aleo, ICECAP, Aug 3, 2011
MSU researcher discovers link between Montana weather, ocean near Peru
By Evelyn Boswell, MSU News Service, Jul 20, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
La Ninas distant effects in East Africa
Droughts and floods are remote-controlled climate effects
By F. Ossing, Eurek Alert, Aug 4, 2011
Ancient tides different from today – some dramatically higher
Press Release, Oregon State U. College of Engineering, Jul 29, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: Calls into question the study that extrapolated changes in sea levels from changes in North Carolina’s coastal marsh lands.]
Sea level rise less from Greenland, more from Antarctica
By Staff Writers, SPX, Aug 04, 2011
“During the last prolonged warm spell on Earth, the oceans were at least four meters – and possibly as much as 6.5 meters, or about 20 feet – higher than they are now.”
Large variations in Arctic sea ice
By Svend Funder, Centre for Geogenetics, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Aug 2, 2011
“For the last 10,000 years, summer sea ice in the Arctic Ocean has been far from constant. For several thousand years, there was much less sea ice in the Arctic Ocean – probably less than half of current amounts.”
Pause in upper ocean warming explained
By Staff Writers, Met Office, Aug 4, 2011
Agriculture Issues & Fear of Famine
USDA Scientists Study Effects of Rising Carbon Dioxide on Rangelands
By Don Comis, USDA, August 3, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
“Rising carbon dioxide (CO2) levels can reverse the drying effects of predicted higher temperatures on semi-arid rangelands.”
The Political Games Continue
Inhofe Calls on Obama EPA to Halt Ozone Standard Announcement Given Scientific Integrity Concerns
By Senator James Inhofe, EPW, Aug 5, 2011 [H/t ICECAP]
Climate change department for chop: Hockey
By Sid Maher, The Australian, Aug 4, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Cap-and-Trade and Carbon Taxes
British PM praises Australia’s carbon plan: report
By Staff Writers, AFP, Jul 31, 2011
[SEPP Comment: The British program in creating energy poverty is so successful, Australians must intensify it.]
Subsidies and Mandates Forever
Mandated mischief: Obama’s 54.5 MPG Standard
More deaths, less choice, pricier cars. And of course, no upside
By Marlo Lewis, Pajamas Media, Jul 29, 2011
The Coming Autopocalypse
The Obama administration’s proposed CAFE rules declare a war on cars
Shikha Dalmia, Reason, July 26, 2011
EPA and other Regulators on the March
Rogue EPA Targets Ozone – And Jobs
Editorial, IBD, Aug 3, 2011
End of the Line
Why the EPA Train Wreck Must be Stopped
By James Hammerton, Freedom Works, Jul 21, 2011
A Big Welcome to EPA Motors
Editorial, IBD, Jul 29, 2011
The EPA Nation-Killing Machine
By Alan Caruba, Warning Signs, Aug 3, 2011
Australian state government bans mining ‘forever’
By Staff Writers, World Nuclear News, 26 July 2011
Our fossil fuel legacy
By John Dawson, Quadrant, Jul 31, 2011
Nuclear Fears & Responses
Blue Ribbon Commission: Nuclear Waste Program at an Impasse
By Staff Writers, POWERnews, Aug 3, 2011
Temperature drops in Fukushima used fuel pool
By Staff Writers, World Nuclear, News Aug 1, 2011
Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?
Grow Our Way Out
Editorial, IBD, Jul 29, 2011
A West Texas Lizard vs. Oil and Gas Production (Controversial government evidence with consequences)
By Vance Ginn, Master Resource, August 5, 2011
Colorado announces water-sampling effort to fight fracking fears
By Eunice Bridges, Platts, Aug 2, 2011 [H/t Paul Chesser]
EPA petition heralds escalation of gas ‘fracking’ battle
By Ben Geman and Andrew Restuccia, The Hill Aug 3, 2011
Gas ‘fracking’ foes weigh toxics lawsuit if EPA petition fails
By Ben Geman, The Hill, Aug 4, 2011
[SEPP Comment: If you do not obey, we will sue.]
Oil Spills & Consequences
Microbes Consumed Oil in Gulf Slick at Unexpected Rates, Study Finds
By Staff Writers, Science Daily, Aug 1, 2011 [H/t Catherine French]
“They found that bacterial microbes inside the slick degraded the oil at a rate five times faster than microbes outside the slick — accounting in large part for the disappearance of the slick some three weeks after Deepwater Horizon’s Macondo well was shut off.”
WHOI Scientists Find Ancient Asphalt Domes Off California Coast
By Staff Writers,SPX, Apr 27, 2010 [H/t Catherine French]
Administration Control of Fossil Fuels
Ten Oil Rigs Have Exited Gulf Since Obama Moratorium Went Into Effect
“Political uncertainty” bedevils Gulf region and discourages business investment
By Kevin Mooney, Pelican Post, Jul 20, 2011
Blame the Washington Bureaucracy for High Gas Prices
By Rob Bluey, Morning Bell, Aug 4, 2011
Shell Oil’s Arctic drilling plan gets tentative approval
By Richard Mauer, The Anchorage Daily News, Aug. 5, 2011 [H/t Cooler Heads Digest]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy
Government Report Confirms that Federal Energy-Related Subsidies Have increased 108 Percent in 3 Years; Wind Subsidies Increased 10-fold
By John Mavretich, Institute for Energy Research, Aug 2, 2011
[SEPP Comment: The stimulus bill had massive subsidies to wind and alternative energy. But they are limited unless the industries can persuade Washington to include such subsidies in an annual budget.]
State [MA]: Report on turbines’ health effects in works
By O’Ryan Johnson, Boston Herald, Jul 29, 2011 [H/t Catherine French]
Neb. mine find to challenge China’s dominance of vital rare minerals
Elements coveted for high-tech uses
By Claire Courchane, Washington Times, Aug 3, 2011
What’s Really Killing Carbon Capture and Storage?
By Paul Driessen, Townhall, Aug 1, 2011 [H/t Deke Forbes]
The dark side of solar and wind power projects
Building and maintaining solar and wind power projects can be hazardous, and industry watchdogs worry that the push for more green energy places more workers and bystanders in harm’s way.
By Tiffany Hsu, LA Times, Aug 3, 2011
Federal officials investigate eagle deaths at DWP wind farm
Pine Tree facility in the Tehachapi Mountains faces scrutiny over the deaths of at least six golden eagles, which are protected under federal law. Prosecution would be a major blow to the booming industry.
By Louis Sahagun, LA Times, Aug 3, 2011
Review of Recent Scientific Articles by NIPCC
For a full list of articles see
Which is responsible for more U.S. deaths – Excessive Heat or Excessive Cold?
Reference: US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). 2009. Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States. Cambridge University Press.
[SEPP Comment: A review of the data bases used for such studies.]
Pre-Industrial Climate Change and Human Population
Reference: Zhang, D.D., Lee, H.F., Wang, C., Li, B., Zhang, J., Pei, Q. and Chen, J. 2011. Climate change and large-scale human population collapses in the pre-industrial era. Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 520-531.
Storms of Southeast Australia
Reference: Alexander. L.V., Wang, X.L., Wan, H. and Trewin, B. 2011. Significant decline in storminess over southeast Australia since the late 19th century. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 61: 23-30.
A Multi-Century History of Forest Fires in Central Siberia
Reference: Wallenius, T., Larjavaara, M., Heikkinen, J. and Shibistova, O. 2011. Declining fires in Larix-dominated forests in northern Irkutsk district. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20: 248-254.
Health, Energy, and Climate
Postscript to a Panic
New findings about bisphenol-A (BPA) will not redeem it.
Editorial, WSJ, Aug 3, 2011
[SEPP Comment: May be behind a pay wall.}
Letter to President Obama
By Public Health and Medical Organizations, Aug 3, 2011
[SEPP Comment: The only reference to public health benefits of the regulation is that produced by EPA. There is no independent verification of EPA numbers.]
Medical groups to Obama: Finalize smog rule ‘immediately’
By Ben Geman, The Hill, Aug 3, 2011
[SEPP Comment: See above.]
Is the American Lung Association EPA’s chief lobbyist?
By: Ron Arnold Washington Examiner, Aug 4, 2011
Pew, What’s That Smell
By Donna Laframboise, No Frakking Consensus, Aug 4, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Other Scientific News
Polar Bear Population Higher than in 20th Century: Is Something Fishy about Extinction Fears?
By Amrutha Gayathri, International Business Times, Aug 2, 2011 [H/t GWPF]
Other News that May Be of Interest
Peer Review and Scepticism
By Martin Livermore, Scientific Alliance, Aug 4, 2011
Truth, evidence and belief
By Martin Livermore, Scientific Alliance, Jul 28, 20112
Enlightened Activist Scientists Dim Society
By Anthony J. Sadar, American Thinker, Aug 5, 2011
Environmentalist Wisdom: Shoot One Owl to Save The Other
The feds take sides in the battle between spotted owls and barred owls.
By James Huffman, WSJ, Jul 30, 2011
[SEPP Comment: May be behind a pay wall.]
BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Atomic experiments may land Swede in jail
Richard Handl had kept a blog about his attempts to split atoms in his kitchen, including a small nuclear meltdown on his stove. When he thought to check with authorities, they sent the police.
By Staff Writers, AP, Aug 4, 2011
Carbon hitches a ride from field to market
Frances White, PNNL, Aug 3, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: The National Crop Carbon Budget, another bureaucratic fantasy.]
Will Oil Replace Coal in our Furnaces?
Here Are the First accurate Facts showing Advantages and Disadvantages of Converting the Dirty and Costly Coal Furnaces in Our Homes into Oil Burners Such as Are Now Heating Skyscrapers
By F.A. Platte, Popular Science, Jan 1923
[SEPP Comment: A 1923 read for our times – to realize how lucky we are that oil, electricity, and natural gas replaced wood and coal in heating our homes. The magazine also contains an article on how the French, devastated by WWI, were building homes with straw.]
Fred Singer will be traveling again, spreading the good news about the climate. Please see the tentative schedule below:
Aug 17-24 – Erice (Sicily) Conference
Aug 25 – Zurich Climate Debate and Interviews OPEN
Aug 26 – 28 – (Maria Alm, Austria)
Aug 29 -30 – Hamburg Univ. – Seminar and Interviews Aug 29 at 3pm-OPEN
Aug 31 – DeBilt-KNMI Climate Debate
Sept 1 – 4 – Brussels – Seminars at Univ Libre and Fondation Universitaire) Sept 1 OPEN
Sept 5 – 8 – Talks at Civitas and IEA Sept 5 OPEN (IEA at 5pm)
Climate Discussion – Imperial College, U. of London
Sept 9 – 12 – Paris Seminars IPGP-Jussieu and at Observatory at 2pm OPEN
Sept 13 – 14- Paris, Return to U.S.
For additional detail please contact Ken.
PLEASE NOTE: The complete TWTW, including the full text of the numbered articles, can be downloaded in an easily printable form at this web site: http://www.sepp.org/the-week-that-was.cfm…