“EPA determined in December 2009 that climate change caused by emissions of greenhouse gases threatens the public’s health and the environment.” EPA “Denial of Petitions…” (Emphasis added)
Number of the Week: 22
By Ken Haapala, Executive Vice President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
GOOD NEWS! Heartland Institute is sponsoring the Sixth International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-6) to take place in Washington, DC from breakfast Thursday, June 30, to noon Friday, July 1, at the Marriott Wardman Park Hotel. This event will be more modest than in the past, yet as informative and, perhaps, even more challenging to the orthodoxy. Of course, SEPP is a co-sponsor. Details to follow!
The above quote illustrates the extent to which the leadership of the EPA will ignore all science that interferes with its quest for power. The work of Sherwood, Craig, and Keith Idso, and many other scientists, has clearly established that an atmosphere enriched with carbon dioxide provides for more robust plant growth than the current atmosphere. Thus, a carbon dioxide enriched atmosphere is a great benefit to agriculture, humanity, and the environment. The EPA ignores this work.
Further, the threat to the public’s health is based on numerical models that have never been verified and are likely very wrong. Generally recognized calculations based on the “greenhouse theory” demonstrate that a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide will result in an increase of about 1 deg C. Even the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) recognizes this. When compared with the natural temperature changes for the past 20,000 years, when the last ice age reached its maximum extent, an increase of 1 deg. C is not particularly significant.
The creators of the numerical models assumed that a small initial warming from carbon dioxide would be greatly amplified by a significant warming from an increase in atmospheric water vapor, centered above the tropics in the mid-troposphere (about 8 to 12 km). Twenty years of research have failed to uncover this hot spot. Yet, the EPA and the creators of the numerical models have ignored this scientific failure.
Instead, the EPA cites the work of the IPCC, which was followed by the work of the U.S. National Academy of Science and the U.S. Global Change Research Program, all of which ignore the crucial scientific failure. Further, EPA disguises this failure by citing melting Arctic ice, sea level rise, etc. All these claims may be true, but they do not establish cause. It is the unsubstantiated claim that increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide is causing unprecedented and dangerous global warming, that provides the sole scientific justification for the EPA to regulate carbon dioxide emissions.
EPA’s Alan Carlin recognized that the science behind the Endangerment Finding was inadequate, but was ignored and his work hushed-up. Please see Articles #1, Article # 2, and articles under “Challenging the Orthodoxy.” For the EPA “Denial of Petitions…” please see:
Number of the Week: 22: According to the IPCC-AR4, greenhouse gas emissions have a Global Mean Radiative Forcing effect on climate 22 times greater than solar irradiance, the only natural influence considered. It is claimed that the level of scientific understanding is high for the influence of greenhouse gases. Yet, in spite of IPCC claims of high knowledge, and increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide, atmospheric temperatures reached a peak in 1998, an El Nino year, and have not gone above that since.
The gases are CO2, CH4, N2O, and Halocarbons. 2007, p. 32. The IPCC totally ignores the much more important climate effects on variations in solar activity other than irradiance. These are summarized in the 2008 NIPCC report (p.12) “Nature, Not Human Activity, Rules the Climate,” direct published evidence confirms this fact.
The Washington budget wars continue. As stated earlier, last year’s House of Representatives and Senate failed to pass an annual budget for the year ending September 30, 2011. (The Democratic leaders of House of Representatives, from which all budget matters originate, did not consider one.) The control of the House of Representatives has changed. As details of last Friday’s compromise to keep the Federal government fully functioning were released, many of those who desire to curtail government powers were disappointed. Many of the claimed budget cuts were illusionary. They were not actual cuts in expenditures but were a reduction in the proposed expansion in expenditures. Further, the hoped for elimination of EPA funding for greenhouse gas regulations did not survive the compromise. The six month budget does not limit the EPA’s ability to damage the economy with regulatory excesses. However, the EPA did have some of its programs actually cut.
However, several of the administration’s pet projects for increased environmental regulation were eliminated in the budget compromise, including the “Wild Lands” scheme announced by Department of Interior Ken Salazar during a Congressional recess. The scheme demonstrates how Washington bureaucrats create environmental policy without Congressional authority. Initially it seemed innocuous, to identify and map western lands that are little used. But those who have witnessed growth of power in Washington realize that the program would quickly become denial of use of such lands and its beneficial resources to virtually all Americans.
For example, initially the Wilderness Areas Act was not to deny Americans access to these areas and the mineral resources they contain. Now about 5% of the nation (about the size of California, 109,478,939 acres (443,045.55 km2) is “off-limits” to all but the most physically fit who can hike-in, ride horses, or are politically privileged to helicopter in. About 50% of the land is in Alaska and some of it beautiful. These vast lands do not include special designations such as the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge that encompasses massive oil and gas reserves in a small area or the massive new National Monuments, such as the million plus acre Grand Staircase Escalante National Monument that encompasses huge deposits of low sulfur coal in a small area.
Apparently, no amount of acreage will satisfy the appetite of some government officials and the environmental industry that they support.
Another provision in the 2011 budget removes the gray wolf in the Northern Rocky Mountains from the endangered species list. Of course, the environmental industry claimed politicians should not interfere with the science establishing the endangered species list. But some scientists politicized the endangered species act with false declarations, such as, the polar bear are threatened while polar bear populations were increasing substantially. When the Federal government re-introduced the gray wolf into Yellowstone Park and in Idaho, it chose the largest sub-species – the Mackenzie Valley wolf – not the smaller Northern Rocky Mountain wolf. The range of the wolf population has increased substantially, alarming residents in states with wolf populations.
With the passage of a six month budget the environmental battles continue. This Friday, the Republican controlled House passed a budget for 2012 that was far different from what President Obama proposed. Details are still to be released and understood. Please see Article # 5 and articles under “EPA and Other Regulators on the March.”
Other programs that are slated for funding reductions or elimination (at least temporarily) include NOAA’s National Climate Service and upgraded weather satellites. The National Climate Service appeared to be a politicized entity issuing pronouncements on global temperature, atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), incoming sunlight, sea level, and Arctic ice. The value of such pronouncements to citizens making decisions are dubious at best.
Fred Singer, the first Director of the US Weather Satellite Service, expressed that the satellite programs have been poorly managed and overly ambitious, resulting in huge cost overruns.
A study of the actual electricity generation from November 2008 to December 2010 by Scottish Wind Farms has created controversy. The study was performed by Stuart Young Consulting and funded by the John Muir Trust. The study was based on publicly available data. In general, the conclusions are that the promoters of wind farms (developers and politicians) understate the lapses in generation and overstate the annual average production. Most importantly, they ignore that wind often fails to deliver when most needed.
The average generation for the period was 24% of metered “nameplate” capacity — not the 30% generally claimed. There were extended periods of unexpected little or no production, which is contrary to wind power promoter claims.
Immediately, the study was criticized by some environmental pressure groups because it was funded by an anti-wind environmental pressure group – The John Muir Trust.
In support of the study, the Scientific Alliance has an excellent essay stating the need to thoroughly understand the consequences of alternative energy policy decisions prior to taking them and that the source of the funding should not interfere with the thoughtful policy decision making.
Unfortunately, the study will likely be ignored by most promoters of wind energy, including those who wrote the Virginia Energy Plan, claiming that on-shore wind would have an annual production of 30 to 45% of rated capacity (without reference). Please see articles reference under “Alternative, Green (Clean) Energy.”
For the numbered articles below please see:
1. Suppressed EPA Hushgate climate report returns to snag CO2 regulation
By Ron Arnold, Washington Examiner, Apr 14, 2011
2. A less-than-nobel consensus
By Garth Paltrige, Joannenova, Apr 15, 2011
3. Our ‘Infected’ Planet
Editorial, IBD, Apr 13, 2011
4. GOP Wins Deep Cuts in Environmental Spending
By Janet Hook, Naftali Bendavid and Stephen Power, WSJ, Apr 13, 2011
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
Yamal and Oxburgh’s “Blinder Well Played’
By Steve McIntyre, Climate Audit, Apr 11, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Steve McIntyre substantiates his assertion that the Oxburgh panel investigating CRU practices of “hiding the decline” was negligent. “A distinguishing characteristics of ‘professionals’ is an obligation of due diligence.”]
When is a contract not a contract?
By David Holland, Bishop Hill, Apr 14, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: Investigators ignoring the inconvenient.]
Climategate U loses bid to stifle critic
By Lawrence Solomon, Financial Post, Apr 10, 2011 [H/t Marc Morano, Climate Dept]
Challenging the Orthodoxy
The Climate Refugee Hoax
Editorial, IBD, Apr 13, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Why should anyone believe projections from the UN?]
Research on Forecasting for the Manmade Global Warming Alarm
By Scot Armstrong, Kesten Green and Willie Soon, To House Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, March 31, 2011, Reprinted by SPPI
The political insanity of climate change
Why are our politicians advocating “solutions”, they know will fail?
By Lorrie Goldstein, Toronto Sun, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t ICECAP]
Climate models go cold
Carbon warming too minor to be worth worrying about
By David Evans, Financial Post, Apr 7, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
Is the Atmosphere Still Warming?
By David Stockwell, WUWT, Apr 13, 2011
Science without method
By John Nicol, Quadrant Online, Apr 12, 2011
No Need To Tell The Truth When you Are Hiding the MWP
By Steven Goddard, Real Science, Apr 9, 2011
[SEPP Comment: A Japanese study of time of flowering of cherry trees showed an urban heat island effect and a Medieval Warm Period, not the earliest flowering in 1200 years as warmers claimed.]
After years of blitzkrieg, is Tim Flannery’s mega-idea going the way of the giant wombat
Comments, Australian, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[“Seems like natural climate change, but not mankind, has killed off the mega beasties.”]
Seeking a Common Ground
Scafetta on climate oscillations
By Judith Curry, Climate,etc, Apr 14, 2011
[“The paper show that astronomical cycles match the temperature cycles with a probability of 96% and above, while current general circulation models such as the Giss ModelE would reproduce the same temperature cycles with a probability of just 16%.”]
Scientists Often Pigeonholed By Political Debates
Transcript of Interview of Richard Muller, by Neal Conan, NPR, Apr 11, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
Climate Science Myths and Misconceptions – Post #2 On the Metric of Global Warming
By Roger Pielke Sr, Climate Science, Apr 14, 2011
Communicating Better by Changing Language (to the more extreme)
Scientists checking changing Puget Sound
By Staff Writers, AP, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t Best on the Web]
[“The Seattle Times reports Puget Sound already has some of the most corrosive seawater on Earth.” (Emphasis added) SEPP Comment: Ever try deep sea vents where the pH is actually acidic?]
AP: Another major oil spill could ‘absolutely’ happen again
By Andrew Restuccia, The Hill, Apr 14, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Technically correct, anything could ‘absolutely’ happen.]
Temperatures and Extreme Weather
Towards a Sane Policy on Natural Disasters
By Wilson Tuckey, Quadrant Online, Apr 2011
The Political Games Continue
Weather Satellites on the Chopping Block
By Justin Gillis, NYT, Apr 14, 2011
[Comment by Fred Singer, first Director of the US Weather Satellite Service: Mismanaged overly ambitious programs have led to huge cost overruns. Now they are using scare tactics.]
RIP: Obama’s National Climate Service
By Steve Malloy, Junkscience, Apr 12, 2011
Senate Vote on S.482: Fiddling While the Republic Burns
By Marlo Lewis, Global Warming.org, Apr 12, 2011
Climate Change Heads to the Supreme Court
Green activists hope to force electric utilities and many others to pay ‘public nuisance’ claims for emitting carbon dioxide
By David Rivkin, Jr. and Lee Casey, WSJ, Apr 15, 2011
[May be behind a pay wall.]
What’s Wind Got to Do With It?
By Paul Chesser, American Spectator, Apr 13, 2011
EPA and other Regulators on the March
Environmentalists suffer on key budget provisions
Resolution prohibits ‘wild lands’ policy funding
By Valerie Richardson, Washington Times, Apr 13, 2011
Economy In Jeopardy As Budget Deal Affirms EPA Climate Programs
By James Taylor, Forbes, Apr 13, 2011
Cap-and-Trade and Carbon Taxes
Biggest Drop in U.S. Greenhouse Emissions
World Climate Report, Apr 14, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Comparison of the growth of China’s emissions with the US should give any rational cap-and-trader pause.]
Subsidies and Mandates Forever
Pass the Boone Pickens Bill
By Joe Nocera, NYT, Apr 11, 2011
[SEPP Comment: There may be good reason to encourage natural gas for transportation – but not $5 Billion in subsidies. If the savings in fuel costs exist as claimed, the market for these vehicles will appear.]
Gas Stations Get Aid to Sell More Ethanol
By Bill Tomson, WSJ, Apr 9, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Loan guarantees from the Department of Agriculture for gas stations. May be behind a pay wall.]
DOE Finalizes Large Loan Guarantee For BrightSource Energy
By Staff Writers, SPX, Apr 13, 2011 [H/t Toshio Fujita]
ARPA-E Is Poised to Put Products on the Grid
By Mathew Wald, NYT, Apr 14, 2011
[Comment by Fred Singer on massive compressed storage of air: The big problem here is that atmospheric moisture will turn to ice on decompression and block the air. Simple thermodynamics. I hope they know how to deal with that.]
Economics, Physics Are Roadblocks For Mass-Scale Algae Biodiesel Production
By Staff Writers, SPX, Apr 7, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Economics and physics interfere with a government scheme.]
Our unpredictable, bright energy future
By Karel Beckman, European Energy Review, Apr 7, 2011
Nuclear Fears & Responses
Japan Raises Daiichi Accident Rating to Chernobyl Level
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 13, 2011
[SEPP Comment: It is ranked as a “major accident.” But does the rating system have categories estimating the threat to human health?]
Media Hype Over Nuclear Energy Increases Anxiety and Confusion
By Larry Bell, Forbes, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t Cooler Heads Digest]
A one-in-a-million risk may not be imaginary, but it’s pretty damned close to it.
By Ronald Bailey, Reason, Apr 12, 2011
Editorial, IBD, Apr 12, 2011
Spooked by nukes
Japanese disaster fires up coal plants worldwide
Editorial, Washington Times, Apr 13, 2011
Why nuclear power is still a good choice
Perspective is needed when deciding between nuclear and other power sources. Renewable energy and conservation aren’t enough in the real world. And burning fossil fuels will only worsen global warming
By Mark Lynas, LA Times, Apr 10, 2011 [H/t Warren Wetmore]
So Happy Together
By William Tucker, American Spectator, Apr 12, 2011
Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?
Natural Gas for Transportation Part I
By Donn, Power America, Apr 15, 2011
[SEPP Comment: An analysis of the costs of converting to natural gas for transportation. Will the savings in fuel costs justify the conversion costs?]
The greenest car you’ve (likely) never heard of
By Staff Writers, AFP, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t Toshio Fujita]
Shale gas as dirty as oil coal for warming: study
By Staff Writers, AFP April 12, 2011 [H/t Toshio Fujita]
[SEPP Comment: A highly questionable, and expected, study.]
Five Things to Know about the Cornell Shale Study
Energy in Depth, Apr 11, 2011
[SEPP Comment: A review of the above shale gas study.]
New York – and America – can profit from ‘fracking’ Marcellus Shale
By Rep Tom Reed, Washington Examiner, Apr 14, 2011
German shale gas faces uphill battle
By Stefan Nicola, European Energy Review, Apr 11, 2011
BP Oil Spill and Administration Control of Drilling
Oil, Microbes and the Risk of Dead Zones
Did oil-eating bacteria deplete oxygen in the Gulf of Mexico?
By Cherie Winner, Oceanus, Apr 15, 2011
[SEPP Comment: No major oxygen depletion but some surprising results.]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy
Report Questions Wind Power’s Ability to Deliver Electricity When Most Needed
By Staff Writers, John Muir Trust, Apr 6, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Scotland is not as windy as promoters and politicians claimed.]
A rational choice of energy sources
Scientific Alliance, Apr 15, 2011 [H/t ICECAP]
[SEPP Comment: A thoughtful argument why the above mentioned report should be considered even if it was funded by a special interest group.]
“Clean Energy Standard”: Time to Revisit Fundamental Assumptions
By Glenn Schleede, Master Resource, Apr 12, 2011
Wind Spin: Responding to the American Wind Energy Association
By Lisa Linowes, Master Resource, Apr 11, 2011 [H/t Randy Randol]
Spanish Wind, Revisited
By Robert Peltier, Master Resource, Apr 13, 2011
[SEPP Comment: NREL criticized the Spanish study stating it failed to use an input-output model that are customarily used in the US. NREL failed to identify one that applied for Spain.]
U.S. urged to mine ‘rare earth’ minerals for high-tech devices
China dominates market in obscure metals
By Josh Brown, Washington Times, Apr 11, 2011
[SEPP Comment: The Environmental Industry would severely object to such a polluting idea.]
Questioning the European Green
Clean Energy Investment Fell 34% as Incentives Cut in Europe, BNEF Says
By Alex Morales, Bloomberg, Apr 15, 2011
[SEPP Comment: Fourth quarter, 2010 data. Even Europe may be discovering that expenditures in sustainable energy are unsustainable.]
California Governor Signs 33% RPS Law, Eyes More Ambitious Target
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 13, 2011
[SEPP Comment: A 12.3% unemployment rate is not enough.]
UVA: Climate research investigation raises 34,000 documents, call for academic protection
By Brendan Fitzgerald, cville, Apr 14, 2011 [H/t Robert Ferguson]
ATI Slams ACLU’s Plea for University of Virginia to Deny FOIA Request for Michael Mann’s Records
Press Release, American Tradition Institute, Apr 14, 2011
Review of Recent Scientific Articles by NIPCC
For a full list of articles see
Sea Level Rise Around Mainland Australia
Reference: Watson, P.J. 2011. Is there evidence yet of acceleration in mean sea level rise around mainland Australia? Journal of Coastal Research 27: 368-377.
Excess Winter Mortality in Various Developed Countries and Its Implications for Mitigation Policies
Reference: Falagas, M.E., Karageorgopoulos, D.E., Moraitis, L.I., Vouloumanou, E.K., Roussos, N., Peppas, G., Rafailidis, P.I. 2009. Seasonality of mortality: the September phenomenon in Mediterranean countries. Canadian Medical Association Journal 181: 484-6.
Coral Disease in a Warmer World
Reference: Yakob, L. and Mumby, P.J. 2011. Climate change induces demographic resistance to disease in novel coral assemblages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108: 1967-1969.
The Response of High Arctic Tundra to Long-Term Warming
Reference: Klady, R.A., Henry, G.H.R. and Lemay, V. 2011. Changes in high arctic tundra plant reproduction in response to long-term experimental warming. Global Change Biology 17: 1611-1624.
Other Scientific News
Atlas Gives Scientists New View of the Brain
By Robert Lee Hotz, WSJ, Apr 13, 2011
[May be behind a paywall.]
Antarctic meteorite reveals new mineral
By Jeanna Bryner, Christian Science Monitor, Apr 7, 2011
Conductivity Image Hints Volcano Plume Is Bigger than Thought
Press Release, Univ. of Utah, Apr 11, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: Emotional language of the announcement detracts from its substance.]
Other News that May Be Of Interest
‘Chemical’ Is Not A Four-Letter Word
By Henry Miller, Forbes, Apr 13, 2011 [H/t ACSH]
UN Agenda 21 Will Rule the US Waves
By Dennis Ambler, SPPI, Apr 5, 2011
Warmists and the Organic Farming Activists
By Mischa Popoff, American Thinker, Apr 9 2011
BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Carbon emissions linked to Europe’s hay fever rise
Carbon dioxide emissions may be raising pollen counts in European cities, according to a continent-wide study.
By Richard Black, BBC, Apr 8, 2011 [H/t Malcolm Ross]
[SEPP Comment: The study cites an increase of pollen in urban areas but no increase in rural areas. Is cleaner urban air responsible from more pollen, therefore for more hay fever incidents?]
World’s first carbon neutral bra
The world’s first carbon neutral bra, made in a factory run on solar panels, has been launched onto the fashion market with hopes that all clothing will be more environmentally friendly in future.
By Louise Gray, Telegraph, UK, Apr 13, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
Fish carried up a mountain on backs of llamas to escape global warming
By Louise Gray, Telegraph, UK, Apr 12, 2011 [H/t WUWT]
[SEPP Comment: Are not llamas an invasive species in the UK?]
PLEASE NOTE: The complete TWTW, including the full text of the articles, can be downloaded in an easily printable form at this web site: http://www.sepp.org/the-week-that-was.cfm…