Oceanic Oscillation Page

Shortlink for this page, suitable for blog posts and Twitter feeds:
hhttp://wp.me/P7y4l-9xQ

Global

Global Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – NCDC

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – HadSST2

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Pacific Ocean:

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Index – 2000 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) – Click the pic to view at source

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Index – 1979 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Index – 1950 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) – Click the pic to view at source

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Index – 1900 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

El Niño/La Niña

Niño 3.4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Index – July 2006 to Present

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – Click the pic to view at source

Niño 3.4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – 2000 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Niño 3.4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – 1979 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Niño 3.4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – 1950 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Niño 4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – 2000 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Niño 4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly – 1950 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Clickable Map of Niño Regions From Ocean Observations Panel for Climate (OOPC):

Niño Modoki Sea Surface Temperature Index – 1980 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Multivariate ENSO Index – 1950 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) – Click the pic to view at source

If you’d like to see more detailed information on ENSO please visit our ENSO (El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation) Page

Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature

Northeast Pacific Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – 1 Day

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Environmental Modeling Center – Ocean Prediction Center – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Atlantic Ocean:

Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO)

Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) Index (Not Detrended) – 1979 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature (Not Detrended) – 1979 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) Index (Not Detrended) – 1856 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) Index (Detrended) – 1856 to 2009

Wikipedia – Based on Data From NOAA – Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) – Click the pic to view at source

Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature

Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – 1 Day

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Environmental Modeling Center – Ocean Prediction Center – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – 1 Week

UK Universities Global Atmospheric Modelling Program (UGAMP) – Atlantic European Climate Group – Click the pic to view at source

South Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature – 1979 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Indian Ocean:

Indian Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – 1 Day

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Environmental Modeling Center – Ocean Prediction Center – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Arctic Ocean:

Arctic Ocean Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – 1 Day

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Environmental Modeling Center – Ocean Prediction Center – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Source Guide

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences
Home Page -http://climate4you.com/
Ole Humlum Bibliography – http://climate4you.com/Text/BIBLIOGRAPHY%20OLE%20HUMLUM.pdf

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Environmental Modeling Center – Ocean Prediction Center – Climate Prediction Center
Home Page – http://polar.ncep.noaa.gov/?bandwidth=high

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL)
Home Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/
Physical Sciences Division (PSD) Products Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/products/(PSD) Data Products PSD Data Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/
PSD Site Index – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/site_index.html
PSD AMO Data Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/timeseries/AMO/

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)
Home Page – http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/about/about.html?bandwidth=high
Products Page – http://www.ncdc.noaa.govgov/oa/ncdc.html?bandwidth=high
FTP Page – http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/cmb/?bandwidth=high

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Weather Service – Climate Prediction Center
Home Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
Products Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/
Monitoring and Data Products Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/MD_index.shtml
Teleconnections Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/precip/CWlink/daily_ao_index/teleconnections.shtml
Atmospheric & SST Indices Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/indices/
Regional Climate Maps – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/regional_monitoring/
Monitoring and Data Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/monitoring_and_data/
FTP Page – ftp://ftp.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
Teleconnections FTP Page – ftp://ftp.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/wd52dg/data/indices/tele_index.nh

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)
Home Page – http://www.knmi.nl/index_en.html?bandwidth=high
KNMI Climate Explorer Products Page – http://climexp.knmi.nl/start.cgi?someone@somewhere?bandwidth=high

UK Universities Global Atmospheric Modelling Program (UGAMP) – Atlantic European Climate Group
Home Page – http://ugamp.nerc.ac.uk/aecg/

Wikipedia
Home Page – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_multidecadal_oscillation

Link Tutorial:

Oceanic Oscillations Overview: the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), El Niño/La Niña, Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO), Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO) and the Indian Ocean Oscillation (IOO),

The Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO):
http://www.appinsys.com/GlobalWarming/PDO.htm
http://www.atmos.washington.edu/~mantua/REPORTS/PDO/PDO_egec.htm
http://www.atmos.washington.edu/~mantua/REPORTS/PDO/PDO_cs.htm
http://jisao.washington.edu/pdo/PDO.latest

El Nino/La Nina, which are closely associated with the Atmospheric Oscillation the Southern Oscillation (SO), is the Oceanic component of the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO);
http://www.appinsys.com/GlobalWarming/ENSO.htm
http://www.ossfoundation.us/projects/environment/global-warming/el-nino-southern-oscillation-enso
http://wattsupwiththat.com/2010/04/26/enso-update/

The Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO):
http://www.appinsys.com/GlobalWarming/AMO.htm
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/timeseries/AMO/
http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/phod/amo_faq.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_multidecadal_oscillation

The Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO):
www.iges.org/c20c/IPO_v2.doc

The Indian Ocean Oscillation (IOO), which is closely associated with the Atmospheric Oscillation the Equatorial Indian Ocean Oscillation (EQUINOO) and is the Oceanic component of the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). The Indian Ocean Oscillation (IOO) is also closely connected to the El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO). (Note, the “Indian Ocean Oscillation (IOO”) does not appear to have a well established name within the literature. It might be better as the Indian Ocean Interannual/Decadal Oscillation (IOIDO), but time will sort that out.):
http://ams.confex.com/ams/pdfpapers/28816.pdf
http://www.springerlink.com/content/51n8664436045952/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Ocean_Dipole/
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/sci/2010-10/04/c_13542305.htm

Earth’s Ocean Circulation system is highly complex and is influenced by an array of  variables included:

Earth’s Rotation

Earth’s rotation results in the Coriolis Effect and;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriolis_effect

imparts Planetary Vorticity on the oceans:
http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/ocng_textbook/chapter12/chapter12_01.htm

Planetary Vorticity manifests as Ocean Gyres;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre

the Antarctic Circumpolar Current;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Circumpolar_Current
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Conveyor_belt.svg
http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Mi-Oc/Ocean-Currents.html

and rotation in the Arctic Ocean:
http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=12455&tid=441&cid=47170&ct=61&article=20727
http://www.john-daly.com/polar/flows.jpg

“Vorticity strongly constrains ocean dynamics.”
http://oceanworld.tamu.edu/resources/ocng_textbook/chapter12/chapter12_04.htm”

Solar Energy

“The driving force behind Atmospheric Circulation;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atmospheric_circulation

is Solar Energy;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_energy

which heats the atmosphere with different intensities at the equator, the middle latitudes, and the poles.”
http://www.scienceclarified.com/As-Bi/Atmospheric-Circulation.html

The movement of gases in response to the resultant pressure imbalances cause wind;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wind

which impacts ocean circulation (particularly surface currents) through Ekman Transport:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ekman_transport
http://oceanmotion.org/html/background/ocean-in-motion.htm

Solar Energy also causes Evaporation;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evaporation

that results in moisture transportation through Clouds;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud

results in Precipitation;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precipitation_%28meteorology%29

that results in the Water Distribution on Earth;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_distribution_on_Earth

creates surface Runoff;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runoff_%28water%29

and results in rivers:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/River

However, the impact of river flow on Ocean Circulation should not be over estimated, as “The entire global input of fresh water from rivers to the ocean is equal to about 1 sverdrup (Sv).”;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sverdrup

whereas “The water transport in the Gulf Stream gradually increases from 30 Sv in the Florida Current to a maximum of 150 Sv at 55°W longitude.”

Earth’s Orbit & Tilt

Earth’s orbit around the sun creates seasons, which result in the seasonal building and melting of Arctic Sea Ice;
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6j8SGs_gnFk&feature=related

and Antarctic Sea Ice, and:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GHvrjX7AP-8&feature=related

helps to drive Earth’s Thermohaline Circulation;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermohaline_circulation
http://www.cmar.csiro.au/currents/global/CSIRO_Conveyor_Oceans_M.wmv
http://oceanmotion.org/html/impact/conveyor.htm
http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Water/deep_ocean.html

This map shows where cold ocean water is sinking;
http://www.thewe.cc/thewei/&/&/bbc12/gulf_stream.gif

this one shows where heat is released to the atmosphere;
http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/Water/images/thermohaline_circulation_conveyor_belt_big.gif

and this animation is helpful in visualizing the process:
http://www.whoi.edu/oceanus/viewVideo.do?fileid=46592&id=32693

Tidal Forces

Earth’s rotation in concert with the moon’s orbit around Earth, Earth’s orbit around the Sun, Earth’s Tilt, Earth’s Wobble and the gravity of Earth, the Moon and the Sun, result in the continually evolving Tidal Force on Earth;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tidal_force

which results in Earth’s Ocean Tide;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tide
http://www.themcdonalds.net/richard/astro/papers/602-tides-web.pdf

and impacts circulation, e.g.:
http://horizon.ucsd.edu/miller/download/GoA_Tides/GoA_Tides.pdf

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal Energy;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geothermal_energy

especially when released by volcanoes;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcano

which have been shown to influence Earth’s climate;
http://www.geology.sdsu.edu/how_volcanoes_work/climate_effects.html
http://www.longrangeweather.com/global_temperatures.htm

including in the infamous Year Without a Summer;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Year_Without_a_Summer

which was partially caused by the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1815_eruption_of_Mount_Tambora

and is called a Volcanic Winter:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volcanic_winter

Such an event might have a significant impact on Ocean Circulation.

Geothermic Energy can also warm the ocean through Hydrothermal Vents;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrothermal_vent

which can be a factor in Hydrothermal Circulations:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrothermal_circulation

9 thoughts on “Oceanic Oscillation Page

  1. Note that the AMO shows an eerily good recent match to the NOAAs plot of the global average temperature:

  2. This is a magnificent aggregation of categorized data and charts direct from taxpayer funded collection systems and with easy internet-world access for self examinations. That is particularly utilitarian with the rising sea of troubled science integrity, reporting biases, and debate-has-ended mentality of policymakers and advisers. It levels the playing field in the search for truth and integrity in climate science in a parallel to what the internet does for information sharing in pricing comparison for commerce.

  3. Well Huggy @ 51During WW2 in double short time, the cortnuy went to petrol rationing.That forced all but essential travel onto public transport.It was done in the face of a crisis, and with very simple ration card technology.Conclusion: If our pollies and the public really really really really believed climate change was happening, it could be instituted within a month.If our pollies and the public only really really really believed climate change was happening, it could be instituted over a year or two to allow PT operators to buy more buses/trains.If our pollies and the public only really really believed climated change was happening, it could be instituted over four or five years, to allow PT operators and Governments to buy more buses and trains and do the earthworks/stations/tunnels for upgraded PT networks as well as vehicles.If our pollies only really believed climate change was happening, they would at least ACT as if there were a crisis by leading by example.Guess what, petrol rationing alone would probably get us a long way to a decent target .not by 2020 but by 2014. And it was done in the second world war, so zero excuse for not doing it other than for whatever people say, they actually deep down don’t believe and the pollies are picking up on that loud and clear.Oh, and how about smart metering and control of individual power supplies to limit amounts of (fossil) power consumed after a given amount used per day, current is limited to enough to power a (small) fridge and a couple of lights (exceptions for medical needs perhaps)? No techno breakthrough required implementation within a year, ie 2010 and another step to a deep carbon cut target no need to spend a squillion $$ on consultants to siphon off money designing trading schemes and then another squillion $$ on bureaucrats to administer it a circuit breaker goes *pock* once a residence has overdone its limit or they don’t shut off everything except the fridge and a couple of lights. (How about a card based system that allows people to save’ up for parties and concerts and restaurants where they just chip in for extra power)? Also, if there was a card system for everyone, then those who live in small and efficient homes could sell their credits something that would benefit those with smaller homes rather than those nasty big rich people in their carbon hungry McMansions.Oh well, pigs are oiled up and ready to fly!!!!

  4. Anthony: I just downloaded a copy of Who Turned On the Heat by Tisdale. I wanted to comment on one of the applicable posts earlier which started Dec 3rd and ended Dec 8th where Bob provided a link –however posting is no longer active. The message I would have left is that I downloaded his book in PDF format, and have not read it yet but wanted everyone to know that the quality is very good and the hyperlinks to chapters as well make navigation a breeze. This is an area of the sciences that I find extremely interesting and Bob has proven to be especially good at explaining science in an unassuming and informative way.

    Thank you Anthony for providing us with an impossibly well run site/information depot for those of us who yearn for knowledge and who seek respectful debate.

    Mario

  5. Mario Lento: Thanks for the kind words about the book. I hope you enjoy it.

    Off topic, I will agree with you and Michael Schumacher. Ayrton Senna was the best F1 driver. And since those cars will never again be as untamed as they were in the 1980s and 1990s, it’s unlikely there will ever be another Senna.

  6. Ah Bob… I don’t remember where I spoke of these race car drivers… but yes – I would have made those statements. As a racecar driver, coach and instructor – I can have an appreciation of the physics and art required to command such beasts.

  7. Bob: I could not put WTOH down last night…! At around 2AM, I started to get tired at around page 100 –I look forward to getting deeper into it soon. It’s an easy read, and you painstakingly answer all of those questions that I otherwise would have been stuck trying to resolve before I could move forward. I’m talking the ride from the start to finish rather than skipping to different chapters. However, I do notice that you made it possible to start at various chapters since each new section includes the summarization of the background needed to appreciate the what the current chapter reveals. Watching your presentation on Anthony’s broadcast certainly helped me with the big picture of what you’re professing.

    It seems, correct me if I am wrong, that you are the sole scientist laying out with clarity, the mechanisms behind the energy balances of the oceans and their affect on climate and weather. I look forward to seeing how you connect solar activity with ENSO. I believe the sun affects our climate as can be seen in many correlations and appreciate the extensive research needed to track cause and effect in a way that can shed light based on observation rather than modelling. Your book is answering questions I didn’t know I had… and transfers the principles such that this engineer can own what seems to be going on –rather than parrot hollow statements.

    In science and engineering, I have never liked putting too much faith in models except for their use in showing and proving simple well bounded assumptions. I’ve seen too many brilliant, but ideological, engineers model what they want to prove –regardless of the myriad other unknowns that affect the outcome in the real world. I’ve always been good at poking holes in the models where the modeller was so stuck on the tiniest details that they could not or would not see the bigger picture.

    One such model failure required me to jump into someone’s race car and within 3 laps turn a lap time 5 seconds faster than he could ever go and 4 seconds faster than his model proved was the limit! His model for lap times was retarded by his belief system. The only way I could make him admit he did not understand enough about traction, slip angles and lines through corners leading to other corners, to make a model to predict lap times was to sit him in the passenger seat of his own racecar and scare the heck out of him (that was the fun part). My fast lap time was actually 4 seconds faster than his model showed was possible, afterwhich I rested my case.

  8. Im no pro, but I imagine you just crafted an excellent point. You certainly comprehend what youre talking about, and I can definitely get behind that. Thanks for staying so upfront and so straightforward.

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