Quote of the Week:
“An elective despotism was not the government we fought for; but one in which the powers of government should be so divided and balanced among the several bodies of magistracy as that no one could transcend their legal limits without being effectually checked and restrained by the others.” — James Madison
Number of the Week: 6,381 birds, 613 turtles, 497 mammals
By Ken Haapala, Executive Vice President, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
Heartland Conference: The Heartland Institute’s Seventh International Conference on Climate Change (ICCC-7) will take place in Chicago, Illinois from Monday, May 21 to Wednesday, May 23, 2012 at the Hilton Chicago Hotel, 720 South Michigan Avenue. The event will follow the NATO Summit taking place in Chicago on May 19–21. The Theme is Real Science, Real Choices. Open to the public, registration is required.
Envisat: The largest Earth monitoring satellite went silent this week. The ten year old Envisat, operated by the European Space Agency, provided data on the earth’s oceans, ice, land and atmosphere. In recent years its recordings of sea level change became erratic, showing sharp increases and declines, with a general decline since 2010. Yet the recalculated graphs show an increase after adjusting for drift. There seems to be difficulty with the data, both raw and calculated. The current increase in calculated sea levels is significantly larger than the estimates that would occur from ice melt from glaciers, Greenland and Antarctica as based on the GRACE satellites. Please see links under “Measurement Issues,” and “Other Scientific News.”
Continuing the Debate: Richard Lindzen has responded to his critics of his talk to members of the UK House of Commons. He admits he made a small error. Among other issues, he states that even though the climate models are based on well-established physical principles, that is not sufficient to accept the results of the models. The models must be tested by observations, not by other models. Please see links under “Challenging the Orthodoxy.”
United States Historic Climatology Network (USHCN): Roy Spencer performed a statistical analysis of the data from the USHCN and concluded that virtually all the warming since 1973 appears to be a result of adjustments NOAA made to the data, mainly in the 1995-97 timeframe. Please see link under “Challenging the Orthodoxy.
American Meteorological Society (AMS) Climate Statement: Joe D’Aleo reminds us that Monday, April 16, is the last day for members of the AMS to comment on the draft climate statement. D’Aleo considers the statement makes the IPCC attribution studies appear to be moderate. The statement can be found on the AMS web site under “Draft Statement Open for Member Comment: Climate Change.”
. Membership log in is necessary.
The Shale Gale: The Center for the National Interest is holding a series of small panel discussions on energy and energy innovation in conjunction with the Clean Air Task Force. The subject of the first discussion was “America: New Energy Superpower?” The panelists have held high-level positions in government and in private industry and work for administrations representing both major political parties. Fred Singer and Ken Haapala of SEPP were invited to attend.
There was general agreement that the revolution of extracting oil and natural gas is real and will substantially change the energy picture of the US if not parts of the world. The revolution was driven by small and mid-sized oil and gas firms with no direct contribution from government or major integrated oil companies. Certainly, the technology takes advantage of programs such as Department of Energy programs in directional drilling and Department of Defense research in jet engines that was used to make electricity generating gas turbines more efficient; however, these technologies were adapted by the pioneering companies which were not directly supported.
With the new technologies, drilling costs are higher, but risks are down significantly. No longer is it necessary for a company to discover the location of a pool of oil or gas. Instead, it can drill horizontally, very accurately, along a layer of source rock and fracture it to extract oil or gas, in many cases both. The oil is a light, high grade fuel as compared with heavy oil from oil sands or similar deposits. The source rocks can be in multiple layers. That is, once a particular layer is not productive, a well can be to another, lower layer, if one exists. Further, wells can be drilled in multiple directions from one pad site.
In the view of the panelists, the US has energy independence in coal, is achieving energy independence in natural gas, and may achieve energy security in oil. That is, it would no longer need to import fuels from countries or areas that are considered unreliable. The Keystone pipeline extension offered enhanced energy security in oil. Perhaps that is why the Canadians were so surprised when the Administration denied permits for the project.
One of the issues raised was how transferable is the technology to countries such as Britain or Poland. The US has several characteristics that are not found in many other countries, including ownership of mineral rights, an independent drilling industry, and an extensive natural gas collection and distribution system. In the US, mineral rights generally belong to the owner of the land, unless they have been separated by deed. It is the drilling on private land that allowed for the Shale Gale while the Federal Government was curtailing drilling on government-owned lands. In many countries, mineral rights belong to the government or to vested interests that may not be favorable to drilling.
Further, the US has an extensive drilling industry. According to Baker Hughes which has counted drill rigs for decades, the US has 1950 operating rotary rigs as of April 13, Canada has 164 as of April 13, and the rest of the world (International) has 1192 as of March 2012. The robust US drilling industry is able to take advantage of changes in market conditions and locations for drilling wells. Few countries have a comparable system.
Natural gas, in particular, can be considered a regional fuel that is transported by pipelines, unless it is transformed to Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and carried by ships, which is expensive. During World War II and afterwards, the US developed an extensive and highly integrated natural-gas pipeline system that has about 305,000 miles of pipeline with 1,400 interconnection points and 400 underground storage facilities. Yet, there is a problem of natural gas being “stranded,” away from a pipelines needed to transport it. Any nation wishing to take advantage of natural gas from shale would need an elaborate pipeline system.
Next week, TWTW will discuss some of the vulnerabilities of this promising oil and natural gas industry. Please see Article # 1, and links under “Questioning European Green” and “Oil and Gas the Past or the Future.”
It Must Be Global Warming: The US had the warmest March on record – more proof of global warming! Please see links under “Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.”
Quote of the Week: The US Constitution was based on the premise that the division of powers would prevent one branch of government for acquiring too much power and thusly, the division of powers would protect individual liberties. It appears that the Supreme Court decision to greatly broaden the Clean Air Act to label non-toxic carbon dioxide emissions a pollutant, and the deference the Courts give to the EPA on legitimate science issues, has distorted the traditional balance of powers. Last week’s proposal by the EPA to stringently regulate CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants will effectively kill off the industry that has served the nation since the 1880s.
Number of the Week: 6,381 birds, 613 turtles, 497 mammals. An article covering the second anniversary of the BP Blowout stated these were the totals of animals found dead, presumably over the past two years. There is no cause of death given. At the one-year anniversary, TWTW stated the Fish and Wildlife Service counted 2303 birds, 18 turtles, and 10 mammals as dead, with visible oil – a big distinction as to the possible influence of oil. Regardless of which number is used, it is clear that the ecological disaster was grossly overstated. For example, about 10,000 birds were collected as killed by wind turbines in the Altamont Pass in one year. No doubt, some effects of the spill will linger, but these are small. Please see Article # 3.
April Fools’ Award: Send in your nominees for the proposed SEPP April Fools’ Award to the government official or political leader who has done the most to expand government power, by falsely claiming it is scientifically justified based on the flimsiest scientific evidence.
For the numbered articles below please see this week’s TWTW at: http://www.sepp.org. The articles are at the end of the pdf.
1, Cheap Natural Gas Heralds an Energy Revolution
By S. Fred Singer, American Thinker, Apr 11, 2012
2. The Ideology of Catastrophe
These are not great souls who alert us to troubles but tiny minds who wish us suffering if we refuse to listen to them.
By Pascal Bruckner, WSJ, Apr 10, 2012
3. Experts Weigh Spill’s Lasting Effects
Marine Studies Raise Fresh Concern After Early Fears of Environmental Catastrophe From BP Disaster Failed to Materialize
By Tom Fowler, WSJ, Apr 12, 2012
Carbon-permit trading was supposed to be a ‘free-market’ solution. So much for that now that prices are low.
Editorial, WSJ, Apr 11, 2012
NEWS YOU CAN USE:
Challenging the Orthodoxy
Richard Lindzen: Response To The Critique Of My House Of Commons Lecture
By Richard Lindzen, GWPF, Apr 12, 2012
Former NASA scientists, astronauts admonish agency on climate change position
Joint letter to NASA Administrator blasts agency’s policy of ignoring empirical evidence
Staff Writers, Plants Need CO2, Apr 10, 2012
49 former NASA scientists go ballistic over agency’s bias over climate change
By Staff Writers, Financial Post, Apr 11, 2012
Climate Dissent Launches at NASA
By Peter C Glover, Energy Tribune, Apr 11, 2012
Dronning Maud Meets the Little Ice Age
By Willis Eschenbach, WUWT, Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Challenging the claim that during the end of the last ice age, CO2 concentrations rose first, followed by temperatures.
Did Shakun et al. really prove that CO2 preceded late glacial warming? [Part 1]
By Don Easterbrook, WUWT, Apr 8, 2012
Ice And Fire In Climate Science
By David Whitehouse, The Observatory, Apr 11, 2012
A wise tutor once told me that if something is written down in a scientific textbook it is probably true, but if it is published in a journal then put it on probation.
[SEPP Comment: Addressing the paper that once the end of the last ice age started, increases in CO2 concentrations preceded temperature increases.]
Proof that “climate disruption” is found all the way back to pre-industrial times
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Apr 10, 2012
Defending the Orthodoxy
NASA rejects claim it endorses global warming
By Paul Bedard, Washington Examiner, Apr 11, 2012
[SEPP Comment: No Jim Hansen here!]
Chu: Climate change evidence mounting
By Ben Geman, The Hill, Apr 11, 2012
The administration plans to proceed with more loan guarantees, but other green-energy programs and EPA rules face hurdles.
[SEPP Comment: If one assumes the climate never changed before, then evidence of climate change is mounting.]
Dramatic climate change triggered by Earth’s orbit
By Katie Lee, Cosmos, Apr 5, 2012 [H/t Warren Wetmore]
[SEPP Comment: Such articles discussing the distant past (55 million years ago) and attempting to relate it to the present; tend to ignore that the earth is in a period of ice ages, which started about 2.5 million years ago.
Long-term studies detect effects of disappearing snow and ice
By Staff Writers, Washington DC (SPX), Apr 12, 2012
Questioning the Orthodoxy
No Global Warming For 15 Years
By David Whitehouse, GWPF, Posted on ICECAP, Apr 7, 2012
Atmospheric Aerosols and the Death of Nature
By Patrick Michaels, World Climate Report, Apr 11, 2012
Carbon Dioxide in Perspective, Rice Grains
Malcolm Roberts, Galileo Movement, Apr 2012
[SEPP Comment: Exceptional demonstration of the relationship of human emissions of CO2 to total atmosphere. Human emissions are increasing total CO2 and may result in some slight increase in temperatures.]
Questioning European Green
Clegg’s green agenda will put us out of business
The Coalition’s own energy policies are the real obstacles to efficiency
Editorial, Telegraph, Apr 11, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
[SEPP Comments: Typical politics. Blame the energy companies when the government’s policies are increasing the price of energy to the public.]
Germany not buying Greek solar project
By Staff Writers, Athens, Greece (UPI) Apr 6, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Greek solar costs too much for Germany.]
MEPs prepare for battle over shale-gas drilling
Report says there is no need for EU law on shale-gas extraction.
By Dave Keating, European Voice, Apr 4, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
Problems within the Orthodoxy
Climate Coalitions Crumble, Economic Worries to Blame
By Sterling Burnett, National Review Online, Apr 10, 2012 [H/t Warren Wetmore]
[SEPP Comment: Something else caused the failure, it could not have been our brilliant ideas.]
Seeking a Common Ground
Follow Up: Revisiting the 2010 IPCC Press Release on Economics of Disasters
By Roger Pielke, Jr, His Blog, Apr 9, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Will the IPCC ever set the record straight on its numerous misleading claims?]
Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate
Twice as Many Emperor Penguins as Thought in Antarctica, First-Ever Penguin Count from Space Shows
By Staff Writers, Science Daily, Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: So much for claims by WWF and other alarmists that penguins are at peril.]
Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.
Not just March, but start of 2012 shatter US records for heat, worrying meteorologists
By Seth Borenstein, AP, Apr 10, 2012
[SEPP Comment: See links immediately below.]
Attribution of the Warm Winter To Global Warming – An Example Of The Misstatement Of Reality By Some Climate Scientists
By Roger Pielke Sr, Climate Science, Apr 10, 2012
New Evidence Our Record Warm March was Not from Global Warming
By Roy Spencer, His Blog, Apr 13, 2012
Claims Global Warming Increases Severe Weather Are Scientifically Incorrect.
By Tim Ball, A Different Perspective, Apr 11, 2012
USHCN Surface Temperatures, 1973-2012: Dramatic Warming Adjustments, Noisy Trends
By Roy Spencer, His Blog, Apr 11, 2012
Virtually all of the USHCN warming since 1973 appears to be the result of adjustments NOAA has made to the data, mainly in the 1995-97 timeframe.
Where Is the Hottest Place on Earth?
It Lies Somewhere Between Folklore and Science, the Desert and the City
By Michael Carlowicz, NASA Observatory, Apr 9, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Global map shows the scarcity of measuring stations where the climate is hostile to humans.]
Envisat’s satellite failure launches mysteries
By Anthony Watts, WUWT, Apr 12, 2012
A closer look at tornado data
Name withheld, ICECAP, Apr 8, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Tornadoes appear to becoming worse, but not for meteorological or climatological reasons, but for demographic reasons and the enhanced ability to identify and track them.]
Anchorage Alaska sets all-time seasonal snowfall record
Weather Service Press release and additional information, ICECAP, Apr 7, 2012
Another Climate Feedback – The Influence Of Shrub Height In Tundra Regions On Northern High Latitude Climate”
By Roger Pielke, Sr, Climate Science, Apr 10, 2012
Historical Global Tropical Cyclone Landfalls
By Roger Pielke Jr, His Blog, Apr 9, 2012
[SEPP Comment: No trends in intense tropical cyclones over the past 40 years.]
Sea Level Data Corruption – Worse Than It Seems
By Steven Goddard, Real Science, Apr 11, 2012
Corals ‘could survive a more acidic ocean’
By Staff Writers
Brisbane, Australia (SPX) Apr 10, 2012
Changing Sea Ice
Amount of ice in Bering Sea reaches all-time record
By Lewis Page, The Register, Apr 11, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
[SEPP Comment: May be related to a change in the Arctic oscillation.]
Scientists Find Slow Subsidence of Earth’s Crust Beneath the Mississippi Delta
By Staff Writers, Washington DC (SPX), Apr 09, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The claim of sea level rise of 3 to 5 feet is without any empirical basis.]
Agriculture and Fishery Issues & Fear of Famine
Task force recommends reducing global harvest of “forage fish”
By Staff Writers, Corvallis OR (SPX), Apr 10, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The finding may have validity, but the task force is self-appointed.]
Climate said threat to Asia’s ‘Rice Bowl’
By Staff Writers, Bangkok (UPI), Apr 12, 2012
The Political Games Continue
New round of U.S. green energy loans?
By Staff Writers, Washington (UPI), Apr 6, 2012
Okla. Attorney General Challenges Legality of EPA’s Regional Haze Rule
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 12, 2012
Subsidies and Mandates Forever
Robbing Banks and Subsidizing Green Energy
By David Kreutzer, The Foundry, Apr 11, 2012 [H/t Randy Randol]
EPA and other Regulators on the March
A Strategy to Stop EPA Science Abuse
By John Dale Dunn & Steve Milloy, American Thinker, Apr 11, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Contrary to the EPA and its funded scientists, weak statistical associations do not establish causation.]
EPA’s ‘Carbon Pollution Standard’: Bait-and-Fuel-Switch
By Marlo Lewis, Global Warming, Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: An example of how EPA twists language to expand its regulatory powers.]
EPA’s Proposed CO2 Rule for New Power Plants: Coal First, Then …
By James Rust, Master Resource, Apr 10, 2012
The EPA with Easter Egg on Its Face
By Marita Noon, Townhall, Apr 8, 2012 [H/t ICECAP]
Is the EPA Just Sloppy, or Cooking the Books?
By Jeffrey Folks, American Thinker, Apr 10, 2012
Is the EPA Endangering Public Health and Welfare by Attempting to Mitigate Extreme Weather?
By Chip Knappenberger, Master Resource, Apr 9, 2012
[SEPP Comment: A bit tongue and cheek.]
Black carbon ranked number two climate pollutant by US EPA
By Staff Writers, Washington, DC (SPX) Apr 10, 2012
Report to Congress on Black Carbon
EPA, March, 2012
[SEPP Comment: In 2005, in the US the most important sources are Transport (52%) and open biomass burning (35%). With regulations already promulgated, transportation sources are expected to decline by 86% by 2030. World-wide, China and India are the major emitters in 2000.]
Energy Issues – Non-US
Shale Puts Russia, Saudis on the Defensive
By Staff Writers, Energy in Depth, Apr 12, 2012 [H/t GWPF]
Oil Prices Hostage to Geopolitics
By Michael J. Economides, Energy Tribune, Apr 7, 2012
Editor’s note, this piece was originally published in China Daily
Energy: Refined out of existence
As petrol prices rise and western demand shrinks, refineries are closing across the developed world
By Gregory Meyer, Financial Times, Apr 9, 2012 [H/t Randy Randol]
Energy Issues — US
Victory is Within Reach
By Donn Dears, Power For USA, Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Energy independence is not needed for victory, energy security (against arbitrary change) is sufficient.]
Buying Your Own Refinery
By Geoffrey Styles, Energy Tribune, Apr 9, 2012
Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?
While We Dither On Oil, It’s Drill, Beijing, Drill
Editorial, IBD, Apr 11, 2012
Fracking Tied to Unusual Rise in Earthquakes in U.S.
By Mark Drajem, Bloomberg, Apr 12, 2012 [H/t Roger Cohen]
[SEPP Comment: The seismic events probably would not be noticed on the West Coast.]
US Administration’s Control of Oil and Gas
Restricting Supply To Boost Prices
Editorial, IBD, Apr 9, 2012
Industry groups applaud Obama’s natural gas executive order
By Andrew Restuccia, The Hill, Apr 13, 2012
Return of King Coal?
Coal exports surge to highest level since 1991
By Matthew Brown, AP, Apr 10, 2012 [H/t Timothy Wise}
Oil Spills, Gas Leaks & Consequences
Shell: Gulf oil sheen dissipating
By Kevin McGill, AP, Apr 12, 2012
Search is on for source of US Gulf of Mexico oil sheen
By Staff Writers, Washington (AFP) April 12, 2012
Nuclear Energy and Fears
EPRI Report Examines Technical Factors Leading to Cooling Loss at Fukushima
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The earthquake destroyed off-site AC power. The tsunami destroyed on-site AC power and back-up DC power, which were required to continue the electrical pumps for the liquid necessary for cooling the reactors, even though they were shut down. The tsunami was far higher than predicted because the earthquake models used for the design were inadequate.]
Nuclear Power’s Death Somewhat Exaggerated
By Matthew Wald, NYT, Apr 10, 2012 [H/t Warren Wetmore]
CAP1400 test facility under construction
By Staff Writers, WNN, Apr 4, 2012
[SEPP Comment: When a computer model is not good enough. China testing an advanced nuclear power plant design based on the Westinghouse AP 1000 design.]
Study: Wildlife survive nuclear accidents
By Staff Writers, Portsmouth, England (UPI) Apr 11, 2012
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Solar and Wind
Best marketing for renewable energies
By Staff Writers, Ilmenau, Germany (SPX) Apr 09, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Although not so intended, this article highlights the tremendous shortcomings of solar and wind generated electricity. Changing weather conditions may result in the need to run a small gas turbine or to run nine large conventional power plants – in a matter of days or even hours.]
World’s biggest wind farm planned for off south coast of England
The world’s biggest wind farm is being planned off England’s south coast.
By Robert Mendick, Telegraph, Apr 8, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Turbines has high as 670 feet.]
Mojave Solar Project Killing Threatened Desert Tortoises
By Staff Writers, NCPA, Apr 10, 2012
Global green-energy investment drops
By Ben Geman, The Hill, Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: With the program of grants from the Treasury expired, Department of Energy loan guarantees expiring, and the production tax credit expiring at the end of 2012, it appears that the US may lose the “coveted” green top spot in a wasteful and expensive industry.]
Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Other
AFPM Says EPA Action on E15 Irresponsible
By Staff Writers, San Antonio TX (SPX) Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Requiring up to 15% ethanol in gasoline which may lead to damage in gasoline engines. This is bad news for consumers of food.]
DOE Announces $30 Million Research Competition for Energy Storage Technologies
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Perhaps DOE is finally learning a little from DARPA. However the specifics are highly questionable. Military convoys do not move across the battlefield. They move in terrain occupied by hostile forces, but not the battlefield.]
Listening to the radio even with an electric drive
By Staff Writers, Berlin, Germany (SPX) Apr 09, 2012
[SEPP Comment: A seldom discussed problem with electric vehicles.]
Smart grid’s global reach set to top $46B
By Staff Writers, Framingham, Mass. (UPI), Apr 9, 2012
Electricity suppliers are especially keen on smart meters because the appliance and networks give the companies greater control on consumers.
[SEPP Comment: It is all about control.]
Review of Recent Scientific Articles by NIPCC
For a full list of articles see www.NIPCCreport.org
Evolutionary Response to Environmental Change in Sockeye Salmon
Reference: Crozier, L.G., Scheuerell, M.D. and Zabel, R.W. 2011. Using time series analysis to characterize evolutionary and plastic responses to environmental change: A case study of a shift toward earlier migration date in sockeye salmon. The American Naturalist 178: 755-773.
Water-Year Runoff of the Conterminous United States: 1900-2008
Reference: McCabe, G.J. and Wolock, D.M. 2011. Independent effects of temperature and precipitation on modeled runoff in the conterminous United States. Water Resources Research 47: 10.1029/2011WR010630.
Are Himalayan Glaciers Headed to Hell in a Handbasket?
Reference: Bali, R., Agarwal, K.K., Ali, S.N. and Srivastava, P. 2011. Is the recessional pattern of Himalayan glaciers suggestive of anthropogenically induced global warming? Arabian Journal of Geosciences 4: 1087-1093.
Amazonian Plant Extinctions
Reference: Feeley, K.J. and Silman, M.R. 2009. Extinction risks of Amazonian plant species. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 106: 12,382-12,387.
[SEPP Comment: Land use changes are a greater threat to the Amazon forests than global warming.]
Health, Energy, and Climate
Fertilizer use responsible for increase in nitrous oxide in atmosphere
By Staff Writers, Berkeley CA (SPX) Apr 09, 2012
Since the year 1750, nitrous oxide levels have risen 20 percent – from below 270 parts per billion (ppb) to more than 320 ppb.
The Environmental Terrorizing of Children
By Alan Caruba, Warning Signs, Apr 8, 2012
Poisoning the Kids
By Robert T. Smith, American Thinker, Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: The American Lung Association, which receives money from the EPA, is engaged in emotional advertising claiming the air is hazardous to children.]
Settlement Forces Cancellation of Georgia Supercritical Coal Plant
By Staff Writers, Power News, Apr 12, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Environmental groups destroying innovation in technology for use of coal. The Sierra Club takes pride in its efforts to increase the costs of coal plants and the utility bills of consumers.]
The Contradictions of Obamaism
As a faithful tool of the environmentalists, the president betrays his main constituents.
By William Tucker, American Spectator, Apr 6, 2012 [H/t Timothy Wise]
Other Scientific News
Biggest environment satellite goes silent
By Staff Writers, Paris (AFP), April 12, 2012
Scientists refine Earth’s clock
By Staff Writers, London UK (SPX) Apr 09, 2012
What Triggers a Mass Extinction?
By Kimm Fesenmaier, Pasadena CA (SPX) Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: It was massive glaciations, not warming, that may have been the cause of the extinction that is attributed to climate change.]
Space Debris Remediation – Who Are We Kidding?
By Launchspace Staff, Bethesda MD (SPX) Apr 10, 2012
Other News that May Be of Interest
Researchers Report Potential for a “Moderate” New England “Red Tide” in 2012
By Staff Writers, Woods Hole MA (SPX), Apr 13, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Perhaps sea food poisoning from the red tide is the source of the old New England saying do not eat shellfish in a month without a “R?”]
Fungus threat escalates for food, wildlife: scientists
By Staff Writers, Paris (AFP) April 11, 2012
BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE:
Doomsday shelters line Kansas missile silo
By Staff Writers, Salina, Kansas (AFP), April 9, 2012
[SEPP Comment: Recycling at its best.]
How Climate Change Makes Trees Sick
By Susan Frankel, NPR, Apr 12, 2012