Weak solar convection – approximately 100 times slower than scientists had previously projected

From New York University:  Researchers create ‘MRI’ of the sun’s interior motions A team of scientists has created an “MRI” of the Sun’s interior plasma motions, shedding light on how it transfers heat from its deep interior to its surface. The result, which appears in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,…

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NRL Scientists Develop 3D Model of the Ionosphere F-region

From the Naval Research Lab, not our normal fare, but interesting for its uniqueness. The first global simulation study of equatorial spread F (ESF) bubble evolution using a comprehensive 3D ionosphere model, SAMI3, has been demonstrated. The model self-consistently solves for the neutral wind driven dynamo electric field and the gravity driven electric field associated…