Giant Veil of “Cold Plasma” Discovered High Above Earth

From National Geographic: Clouds of charged particles stretch a quarter the way to the moon, experts say. Clouds of “cold plasma” reach from the top of Earth’s atmosphere to at least a quarter the distance to the moon, according to new data from a cluster of European satellites. Earth generates cold plasma—slow-moving charged particles—at the…

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NRL Scientists Develop 3D Model of the Ionosphere F-region

From the Naval Research Lab, not our normal fare, but interesting for its uniqueness. The first global simulation study of equatorial spread F (ESF) bubble evolution using a comprehensive 3D ionosphere model, SAMI3, has been demonstrated. The model self-consistently solves for the neutral wind driven dynamo electric field and the gravity driven electric field associated…