ENSO Page

Welcome to the WUWT ENSO (El Niño/La Niña Southern Oscillation) Page. Here you’ll find a collection of the most commonly used graphs, images, and data sources for monitoring ocean temperature and oscillation patterns. These links were submitted by WUWT readers.

For ENSO Forecasts, please visit the ENSO Forecast Page

Niño Region Sea Surface Indexes and Anomalies

Niño 3.4 Region Sea Surface Temperature Index – 5 Years

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – Click the pic to view at source

When values are Negative: Cooling/La Niña | Positive: Warming/El Niño
More BOM Graphs here

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly in Niño 3.4 Region – 1999 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly in Niño 3.4 Region – 1950 to Present

NOAA – National Climate Data Center – Click the pic to view at source

Below is a clickable map of Niño regions from OOPC – click one to get the most current graph:

ENSO Indexes

El Niño Modoki Index

Japan Agency For Marine-Earth Science and Technology JAMSTEC – Click the pic to view at source

Multivariate ENSO Index – 1950 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL) – Click the pic to view at source

Multivariate ENSO Index – 1950 to Present

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) – Click the pic to view at source

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI)

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) – 2000 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) – Click the pic to view at source

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) – 1950 to Present

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) – Click the pic to view at source

Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) – 1882 to Present

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) – Click the pic to view at source

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)

Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) Index – 1900 to Present

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum – Professor, University of Oslo Department of Geosciences – Click the pic to view at source

Sea Surface Temperature

UNISYS Current Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Plot

UNISYS Current Sea Surface Temperature Anomaly Plot – click to enlarge

BoM Monthly Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies:

Link to NOAA Global Sea Surface Temperature image with clickable regions to enlarge each region here

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature & Anomaly With Wind – Current

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature & Anomaly With Wind – 7-Day Average

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature – 30 Days Including 7 Day Forecast

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) – Monterey Marine Meteorology Division – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature – NOAA Climate Prediction Center – 3 Months

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature Anomalies – BoM – 3 Months
http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/surface_anim.gif

Equatorial Pacific Sea Surface Temperature – 3 Months Including 7 Day Forecast:

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Monterey Marine Meteorology Division – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Temperature Animation – 30 Days Including 7 Day Forecast

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) – Monterey Marine Meteorology Division – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Temperature – 3 Months – NOAA – National Weather Service:

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Temperature – 12 Months Including 7 Day Forecast – Naval Research Laboratory (NRL):
http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycom1-12/navo/globalsst_nowcast_anim365d.gif

Custom Sea Surface Temperature Mapping Tool – from 1981 – NOAA – National Weather Service:
http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/GODAS/mnth_movie.shtml

Ocean Subsurface Temperature:

Equatorial Temperature and Anomalies Down To 450 Meters

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

BoM Monthly Subsurface Pacific Ocean Equatorial Temperature Anomalies down to 400 Meters:

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – Click the pic to view at source

BoM 5 Day Subsurface Pacific Ocean Equatorial Temperature Means and Anomalies down to 500 Meters:

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Upper-Ocean Heat Anomalies

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Upper-Ocean Heat Anomalies

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Average Temperature and Anomalies 55 Meters:

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Average Temperature and Anomalies 105 Meters:

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Average Temperature and Anomalies 155 Meters:

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Temperature Anomaly 2 months (Surface to 450 Meters):

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Equatorial Temperature Anomaly 12 months (Surface to 450 Meters):

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

BoM Subsurface Pacific Ocean Equatorial Average Temperature and Anomalies at 150 Meters:

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM) – Click the pic to view at source

Sea Level:

Sea Level Anomalies

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Height

Global Sea Surface Height – 30 Day Animation – Naval Research Laboratory (NRL):
http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/glb8_3b/html/anims/glb/ssh30d.gif

Global Sea Surface Height – 12 Month Naval Research Laboratory (NRL):
http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/glb8_3b/html/anims/glb/ssh12m.gif

Salinity:

Global Sea Surface Salinity – Current

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) – Monterey Marine Meteorology Division – Click the pic to view at source

Global Sea Surface Salinity – 30 Day Animation Including 7 Day Forecast – Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Monterey Marine Meteorology Division:
http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycom1-12/navo/globalsss_nowcast_anim30d.gif

Global Sea Surface Salinity – 12 Month Animation Including 7 Day Forecast: – Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Monterey Marine Meteorology Division
http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/GLBhycom1-12/navo/globalsss_nowcast_anim365d.gif

Reference for El Niño and La Niña weather pattern effects:

Proper computer editing usage of the terms El Niño and La Niña:
So often people take shortcuts when writing about these because the proper Spanish ñ or enye is not typed. Here is an easy reference:

On all systems if you type “Niño” you’ll get Niño.

On Apple Macintosh operating systems (including Mac OS X), it can be achieved by pressing and holding the Option key then typing “N”, followed by typing either “N” or “n”.

To make a lowercase ñ on the Microsoft Windows operating system, hold down the Alt key and type the number 164 or 0241 on the numeric keypad (with Num Lock turned on). To make an uppercase Ñ, press Alt-165 or Alt-0209. Character Map in Windows identifies the letter as “Latin Small/Capital Letter N With Tilde”.

In Microsoft Word, a capital Ñ can be typed by pressing Control-Shift-Tilde (~), and then typing an “N”.

In Linux, an uppercase Ñ can be typed by holding Control and Shift while typing UD1. Similarly, a lowercase ñ can be typed with the code UF1.

Shortlink for this page, suitable for blog posts and Twitter feeds:

http://wp.me/P7y4l-6gT

Source Guide

Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM):
Home Page – http://www.bom.gov.au/
Climate Page – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/
ENSO Page – http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/

climate4you.com – Ole Humlum
Home Page -http://climate4you.com/
Ole Humlum Bibliography – http://climate4you.com/Text/BIBLIOGRAPHY%20OLE%20HUMLUM.pdf

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Climate Prediction Center -
Home Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/
Products Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/
Monitoring and Data Products Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/MD_index.shtml
Global Ocean Data Assimilation System (GODAS) – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/GODAS/
Atmospheric & SST Indices Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/data/indices/
Monitoring and Data Page – http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/monitoring_and_data/
FTP Page – ftp://ftp.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL)
Home Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/
Physical Sciences Division (PSD) Products Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/products/
Physical Sciences Division (PSD) Data Products Page – http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – State Of The Ocean
Home Page – http://stateoftheocean.osmc.noaa.gov//
Pacific Page – http://stateoftheocean.osmc.noaa.gov/sur/pac/

National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC)
Home Page – http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/
Products Page – http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/General/NODC-About/NODC-Major-Products.html
Data Page – http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/General/getdata.html
Heat Content Page – http://www.nodc.noaa.gov/OC5/3M_HEAT_CONTENT/

Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies (COAPS), Florida State University – Ryan N. Maue PhD – Environmental Prediction (NCEP) – Global Forecast System (GFS)
Home Page -http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/index.shtml
Products Page – http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/~maue/weather/
Data Page – http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/~maue/extreme/gfs/current/

Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Monterey Marine Meteorology Division
Home Page – http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/
Products Page – http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/proddemo.htm
Satellite Products Page- http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/sat_products.html
NOGAPS Forcast Products Page – http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/metoc/nogaps/NOGAPS_global_net.html
Data Page – http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/archdat/
Multi-view – http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/sat-bin/global.cgi
Navel Coasal Ocean Model – http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/
FTP Page – http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/Links/
FTP Page Global – http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/Links/glb/

The Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI)
Home Page – http://www.knmi.nl/index_en.html?bandwidth=high
KNMI Climate Explorer Products Page – http://climexp.knmi.nl/start.cgi?someone@somewhere?bandwidth=high

StormSurf.com
Home Page – http://www.stormsurf.com/
Model Products Page – http://www.stormsurf.com/mdls/menu.html
Weather Model – Global Jet Stream Wind and 250 mb Pressure – http://www.stormsurfing.com/cgi/display_alt.cgi?a=glob_250
Wave Mode – North Atlantic Surface Pressure and Wind – http://www.stormsurfing.com/cgi/display.cgi?a=natla_slp

University of Colorado at Boulder
Home Page – http://sealevel.colorado.edu/
Sea Level Calibration Page: http://sealevel.colorado.edu/content/calibration
Sea Level Release Notes Page: http://sealevel.colorado.edu/content/release-notes
Temperature Results Page – http://sealevel.colorado.edu/results.php
FTP Page – http://sealevel.colorado.edu/current/

Additional Resources:

University of Alabama at Huntsville – Roy Spencer PhD
Home Page – http://www.drroyspencer.com/
Global Temp Page – http://www.drroyspencer.com/latest-global-temperatures/

Distributed Information Services for Climate and Ocean Products and Visualizations for Earth Research (DISCOVER) Project at University of Alabama at Huntsville
Home Page – http://discover.itsc.uah.edu/
Temperature Page – http://discover.itsc.uah.edu/amsutemps/amsutemps.html
Sea Surface Temperature Page – http://discover.itsc.uah.edu/amsutemps/execute.csh?amsutemps+001
Temperature 14,000 feet Page: – http://discover.itsc.uah.edu/amsutemps/execute.csh?amsutemps+002

Cooperative Institute Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS) operates as an institute within the Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC)
CIMSS Home Page – http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/
CIMSS Products Page – http://cimss.ssec.wisc.edu/data/
SSEC Home Page – http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/
SSEC Products Page – http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/datacenter/
Global Satellite Composite Flat – http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/data/comp/ir/irmoll.html
Global Satellite Composite Round – http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/data/globe/cldspin.html
Global Water Vapor – http://www.ssec.wisc.edu/data/comp/wv/wvmoll.mpg

Coriolis Operational Oceanography
Homepage -http://www.coriolis.eu.org/
Products Page – http://www.coriolis.eu.org/Data-Services-Products/View-Download/
Sea Surface Temperature & Salinity Maps Page – http://www.coriolis.eu.org/Data-Services-Products/View-Download/Browse-T-S-maps
FTP Page – http://www.coriolis.eu.org/Data-Services-Products/View-Download/Download-via-FTP

European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)
Home Page – http://www.ecmwf.int/
Products Page – http://www.ecmwf.int/products/
Forecasts Page – http://www.ecmwf.int/products/forecasts/d/charts

International Research Institute (IRI)/Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) Climate Data Library -The Earth Institute at Columbia University
Home Page – http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt
General Products Page – http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=944&PageID=7868&mode=2
Atmospheric Circulation Products Page- http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/maproom/.Global/.Atm_Circulation/
Height Anomaly Loop Products Page – http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/maproom/.Global/.Atm_Circulation/Height_Anom_Loops.html
Atmospheric Temperature Page – http://iridl.ldeo.columbia.edu/maproom/.Global/.Atm_Temp/
(Note that the data from this source should be viewed with skepticism as Dr. R.K. Pachauri is the Board Chair: http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt?open=512&objID=551&PageID=0&cached=true&mode=2&userID=2)w

NASA – Jet Propulsion Lab – California Institute of Technology – Ocean Surface Topography From Space
Home Page – http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/
Data Sources – SSH Maps – http://sealevel.jpl.nasa.gov/Science/datasources/ssha/

NOAA/NESDIS SST imagery:

http://www.osdpd.noaa.gov/ml/ocean/sst/anomaly.html

UNISYS SST Plot:

http://weather.unisys.com/surface/sst_anom.html

Naval Research Laboratory Navy Coastal Ocean Model (NCOM):

http://www7320.nrlssc.navy.mil/global_ncom/eqp.html

ECMWF real-time S3 ocean analysis:

http://www.ecmwf.int/products/forecasts/d/charts/ocean/real_time/xymaps/

University of Colorado at Boulder Sea Level Page

http://sealevel.colorado.edu/

National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) – Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory – El Niño Page

http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/nino-home.html

NOAA’s El Niño/La Niña Pages:

http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/

http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina.html

NOAA El Niño Animations and Graphics

http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/ani.html

Australian Bureau of Meteorology ENSO Monitoring graphs:

http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/indices.shtml

Japan Agency For Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) Modoki ENSO:

http://www.jamstec.go.jp/frsgc/research/d1/iod/

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